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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789566/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-adult-human-klinefelter-testis-and-cellularity-matched-controls-reveals-disturbed-differentiation-of-sertoli-and-leydig-cells
#1
Sofia Boeg Winge, Marlene Danner Dalgaard, Kirstine G Belling, Jacob Malte Jensen, John Erik Nielsen, Lise Aksglaede, Mikkel Heide Schierup, Søren Brunak, Niels Erik Skakkebæk, Anders Juul, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts, Kristian Almstrup
The most common human sex chromosomal disorder is Klinefelter syndrome (KS; 47,XXY). Adult patients with KS display a diverse phenotype but are nearly always infertile, due to testicular degeneration at puberty. To identify mechanisms causing the selective destruction of the seminiferous epithelium, we performed RNA-sequencing of 24 fixed paraffin-embedded testicular tissue samples. Analysis of informative transcriptomes revealed 235 differentially expressed transcripts (DETs) in the adult KS testis showing enrichment of long non-coding RNAs, but surprisingly not of X-chromosomal transcripts...
May 22, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789441/metformin-counteracts-the-effects-of-fsh-on-rat-sertoli-cell-proliferation
#2
Gustavo Marcelo Rindone, Agostina Gorga, Mariana Regueira, Eliana Herminia Pellizzari, Selva Cigorraga, María Noel Galardo, Silvina Beatriz Meroni, María Fernanda Riera
Metformin is one of the most widely used anti-hyperglycemic agents for treating patients with type 2 diabetes and it has started to be used in pediatric population at ages when Sertoli cells are still proliferating. It is well known that follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is the major Sertoli cell mitogen. The aim of the study is to investigate a possible effect of Metformin, which has been shown to have anti-proliferative properties, on FSH regulation of postnatal Sertoli cell proliferation and on the molecular mechanisms involved in this regulation...
May 22, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788995/in-vitro-chemokine-c-c-motif-receptor-6-dependent-non-inflammatory-chemotaxis-during-spermatogenesis
#3
Ruiying Diao, Xueyong Cai, Lu Liu, Lihua Yang, YongGang Duan, Zhiming Cai, Yaoting Gui, Lisha Mou
BACKGROUND: Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 6 (CCR6) is present in sperm and plays a significant role in sperm motility and chemotaxis acting in the reproductive tracts. However, the expression and functional significance of CCR6 in testis are still poorly understood, especially in the process of spermatogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: CCR6 was expressed in spermatogenic cell lines and its expression was shown in an age-dependent upregulation manner from puberty to adulthood in mouse testis...
May 22, 2018: Biological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788434/a-novel-mouse-model-of-testicular-granulosa-cell-tumors
#4
Xin Fang, Nan Ni, Yang Gao, David F Vincent, Laurent Bartholin, Qinglei Li
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of dysregulated transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling in the development of sex cord-stromal tumors in the testis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Overactivation of TGFB signaling results in the development of testicular tumors resembling granulosa cell tumors (GrCTs). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In an earlier study, we demonstrated that constitutively active TGFB receptor 1 (TGFBR1) in ovarian somatic cells promotes the development of ovarian GrCTs...
May 21, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784807/oocyte-stage-specific-effects-of-mtor-determine-granulosa-cell-fate-and-oocyte-quality-in-mice
#5
Jing Guo, Teng Zhang, Yueshuai Guo, Tao Sun, Hui Li, Xiaoyun Zhang, Hong Yin, Guangyi Cao, Yaoxue Yin, Hao Wang, Lanying Shi, Xuejiang Guo, Jiahao Sha, John J Eppig, You-Qiang Su
MTOR (mechanistic target of rapamycin) is a widely recognized integrator of signals and pathways key for cellular metabolism, proliferation, and differentiation. Here we show that conditional knockout (cKO) of Mtor in either primordial or growing oocytes caused infertility but differentially affected oocyte quality, granulosa cell fate, and follicular development. cKO of Mtor in nongrowing primordial oocytes caused defective follicular development leading to progressive degeneration of oocytes and loss of granulosa cell identity coincident with the acquisition of immature Sertoli cell-like characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777790/effect-of-intratesticular-hematoma-on-testis-microstructure-spermatogenesis-and-testosterone-production-defining-a-cut-off-point-for-significant-intratesticular-hematoma
#6
Alireza Aminsharifi, Alireza Monsef, Ali Noorafshan, Saied Karbalay-Doust, Zahra Jafarinezhad, Omid Koohi, Afshin Molaei
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of different degrees of intratesticular hematoma (ITH), a major consequence of blunt testis trauma, on testis microstructure and function. We determined a cut-off point for significant vs. nonsignificant ITH. METHODS: Seventy male rats were divided into 7 equal groups. The control group (G) remained intact. Sham groups consisted of rats given an intratesticular injection of normal saline in both testicles with volumes equivalent to 40% of testis volume (G-II), 30% (G-III) and 10% (G-IV)...
May 16, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776745/anatomical-histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-testicular-development-in-columba-livia-aves-columbiformes
#7
G B Olea, M V Aguirre, D M Lombardo
In this work, testicular ontogeny is analyzed at the anatomical, histological and immunohistochemical levels; the latter through the detection of GnRHR and PCNA in the testicles of embryos, neonates and juveniles of Columba livia. We analyzed 150 embryos, 25 neonates and 5 juveniles by means of observations under a stereoscopic magnifying glass and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The histological analysis was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining techniques and the PAS reaction. For the immunohistochemical analysis, the expression of GnRHR and PCNA in embryos corresponding to stages 41, 43 and in neonates of 2, 5, 7 and 75 days post-hatch was revealed in testicular histological preparations...
May 16, 2018: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775650/formulants-of-glyphosate-based-herbicides-have-more-deleterious-impact-than-glyphosate-on-tm4-sertoli-cells
#8
Alison Vanlaeys, Florine Dubuisson, Gilles-Eric Seralini, Carine Travert
Roundup and Glyphogan are glyphosate-based herbicides containing the same concentration of glyphosate and confidential formulants. Formulants are declared as inert diluents but some are more toxic than glyphosate, such as the family of polyethoxylated alkylamines (POEA). We tested glyphosate alone, glyphosate-based herbicide formulations and POEA on the immature mouse Sertoli cell line (TM4), at concentrations ranging from environmental to agricultural-use levels. Our results show that formulations of glyphosate-based herbicides induce TM4 mitochondrial dysfunction (like glyphosate, but to a lesser extent), disruption of cell detoxification systems, lipid droplet accumulation and mortality at sub-agricultural doses...
May 15, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771299/at-the-crossroads-of-fate-somatic-cell-lineage-specification-in-the-fetal-gonad
#9
Emmi Rotgers, Anne Jørgensen, Humphrey Hung-Chang Yao
The reproductive endocrine systems are vastly different between male and female. This sexual dimorphism of endocrine milieu originates from sex-specific differentiation of the somatic cells in the gonads during fetal life. The majority of gonadal somatic cells arise from the adrenogonadal primordium. After separation of the adrenal and gonadal primordia, the gonadal somatic cells initiate sex-specific differentiation during gonadal sex determination with the specification of the supporting cell lineages: Sertoli cells in the testis vs...
May 15, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770362/study-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-preliminary-results
#10
Manuela Ergoli, Massimo Venditti, Raffaele Dotolo, Esther Picillo, Sergio Minucci, Luisa Politano
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a multisystemic disorder characterized by myotonia, muscle weakness and involvement of several organs and apparatus such as heart, lungs, eye, brain and endocrine system. Hypogonadism and reproductive abnormalities are frequently reported. A progressive testicular atrophy occurs in about 80% in the affected males leading to Leydig cell hyperproliferation and elevated basal follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) - a dimeric glycoprotein belonging to the super-family of transforming grow factor beta (TGF-beta) - is the earliest Sertoli cell hormone secreted in males and, together with inhibin B and FSH, is an important indicator of Sertoli cell function...
December 2017: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766538/chronic-exposure-to-cannabidiol-induces-reproductive-toxicity-in-male-swiss-mice
#11
Renata K Carvalho, Monaliza L Santos, Maingredy R Souza, Thiago L Rocha, Francisco S Guimarães, Janete A Anselmo-Franci, Renata Mazaro-Costa
Children and adults with frequent and severe episodes of epilepsy that do not respond to standard treatments (such as carbamazepine, phenytoin and valproate) have long been prescribed cannabidiol (CBD) as an anticonvulsant drug. However, the safety of its chronic use in relation to reproduction has not been fully examined. This study aimed to assess the effects of chronic CBD exposure on the male reproductive system. CBD was orally administered to 21-day-old male Swiss mice at doses of 15 and 30 mg kg-1 daily (CBD 15 and 30 groups, respectively), with a control group receiving sunflower oil, for 34 consecutive days...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763586/postnatal-testis-development-in-the-collared-peccary-tayassu-tajacu-with-emphasis-on-spermatogonial-stem-cells-markers-and-niche
#12
Nathália de Lima E Martins Lara, Guilherme Mattos Jardim Costa, Gleide Fernandes de Avelar, Diva Anelie Guimarães, Luiz Renato de França
Collared peccaries (Tayassu tajacu) present a unique testis cytoarchitecture, where Leydig cells (LC) are mainly located in cords around the seminiferous tubules (ST) lobes. This peculiar arrangement is very useful to better investigate and understand the role of LC in spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) biology and niche. Recent studies from our laboratory using adult peccaries have shown that the undifferentiated type A spermatogonia (Aund or SSCs) are preferentially located in ST regions adjacent to the intertubular compartment without LC...
May 12, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761550/mir-26a-suppresses-autophagy-in-swine-sertoli-cells-by-targeting-ulk2
#13
M Ran, Z Li, R Cao, B Weng, F Peng, C He, B Chen
A large number of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been detected from porcine testicular tissues thanks to the development of high-throughput sequencing technology. However, the regulatory roles of most identified miRNAs in swine testicular development or spermatogenesis are poorly understood. In our previous study, ULK2 (uncoordinated-51-like kinase 2) was predicted as a target gene of miR-26a. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of miR-26a in swine Sertoli cell autophagy. The relative expression of miR-26a and ULK2 levels has a significant negative correlation (R2  = ...
May 14, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746152/toxic-effect-of-cadmium-lead-and-arsenic-on-the-sertoli-cell-mechanisms-of-damage-involved
#14
Juan Ramos-Treviño, Susana Bassol-Mayagoitia, José Anselmo Hernández-Ibarra, Pablo Ruiz-Flores, Martha P Nava-Hernández
Over the past decades, an increase has been described in exposure to environmental toxins; consequently, a series of studies has been carried out with the aim of identifying problems associated with health. One of the main risk factors is exposure to heavy metals. The adverse effects that these compounds exert on health are quite complex and difficult to elucidate, in that they act at different levels and there are various signaling pathways that are implicated in the mechanisms of damage. The Sertoli cells plays a role of vital importance during the process of spermatogenesis, and it has been identified as one of the principal targets of heavy metals...
May 10, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744903/effects-of-astaxanthin-on-biochemical-and-histopathological-parameters-related-to-oxidative-stress-on-testes-of-rats-on-high-fructose-regime
#15
E Dokumacioglu, H Iskender, G Yenice, K A T Kapakin, C Sevim, A Hayirli, S Saral, S Comakli
Astaxanthin (ASX) is a xanthophyll family of hydroxycarotenoids which contains several double bonds. It is produced by Haemococcus pluvialis, a microalgae and possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to test whether ASX could protect against oxidative damage in the testicular tissues of rats receiving high fructose. The rats (n = 24) were randomly divided into two main groups: control and fructose (30%, via drinking water) and then each main group either not supplemented or supplemented with ASX (1 mg kg-1 day-1 , within 0...
May 9, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743262/mehp-induced-rat-testicular-inflammation-does-not-exacerbate-germ-cell-apoptosis
#16
Jorine J L P Voss, Angela R Stermer, Rashin Ghaffari, Richa Tiwary, John Henry Richburg
The testis is an organ that maintains an immune suppressive environment. We previously revealed that exposure of pre-pubertal rats to an acute dose of a well-described Sertoli cell toxicant, mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), leads to an accumulation of CD11b+ immune cells in the testicular interstitial space that closely correlates with a robust incidence of germ cell (GC) apoptosis. Here we test the hypothesis that the infiltrating immune cells contribute to GC apoptosis. Postnatal day 28 Fischer rats that received an oral dose of 700 mg/kg MEHP showed a significant infiltration of both CD11bc+/CD68+/CD163- macrophages and neutrophils...
May 9, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743260/cellular-nucleic-acid-binding-protein-is-vital-to-testis-development-and-spermatogenesis-in-mice
#17
Bo Zheng, Tingting Gao, Jun Yu, Yueshuai Guo, Cong Shen, Xi Zhang, Hong Li, Xiaoyan Huang
The cellular nucleic acid-binding protein (CNBP), also known as zinc finger protein 9 (ZNF9), is a highly conserved zinc finger protein that is strikingly conserved among vertebrates. Data collected from low vertebrates showed that CNBP is expressed at high levels and distributed in the testes during spermatogenesis. However, the location and function of CNBP in mammalian testes is not well known. Here, by neonatal mouse testis culture and SSC culture methods, we studied the effect of CNBP knockdown on neonatal testicular development...
May 9, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740094/a-role-for-sox9-in-post-transcriptional-processes-insights-from-the-amphibian-oocyte
#18
M Penrad-Mobayed, C Perrin, D L'Hôte, V Contremoulins, J-A Lepesant, B Boizet-Bonhoure, F Poulat, X Baudin, R A Veitia
Sox9 is a member of the gene family of SOX transcription factors, which is highly conserved among vertebrates. It is involved in different developmental processes including gonadogenesis. In all amniote species examined thus far, Sox9 is expressed in the Sertoli cells of the male gonad, suggesting an evolutionarily conserved role in testis development. However, in the anamniotes, fishes and amphibians, it is also expressed in the oocyte but the significance of such an expression remains to be elucidated. Here, we have investigated the nuclear localization of the SOX9 protein in the oocyte of three amphibian species, the urodelan Pleurodeles waltl, and two anurans, Xenopus laevis and Xenopus tropicalis...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739732/inherited-deletion-of-1q-hyperparathyroidism-and-signs-of-y-chromosomal-influence-in-a-patient-with-turner-syndrome
#19
Alejandro F Siller, Alex Shimony, Marwan Shinawi, Ina Amarillo, Louis P Dehner, Katherine Semenkovich, Ana María Arbeláez
We report a detailed phenotypic, cytogenetic, and molecular characterization of a patient diagnosed prenatally with Turner syndrome (TS). In addition to having typical TS clinical characteristics such as a webbed neck, high arched palate, and coarctation of the aorta, the patient had features less frequently seen in TS, including recurrent parathyroid adenomas, growth along the 75th-90th centiles on the TS height curve despite a minimal treatment with growth hormone, behavioral problems, and evidence of gonadal dysgenesis with testicular-like structures, such as seminiferous tubules lined by Sertoli cells and a contiguous nodule of Leydig cells...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738159/-expression-characteristics-of-the-usp24-gene-in-the-mouse-testis-during-spermatogenesis
#20
Qi-Yi Hu, Qiong Deng, Jian-Wen Zhang, Fan Zhi, Rui Sun, Hui Liang
Objective: To investigate the expression characteristics of the USP24 gene in the mouse testis and its role in spermatogenesis. METHODS: We examined the expression characteristics of USP24 in the testis tissues of wild-type mice at different postnatal weeks (PNW) and androgen receptor (AR)-knockout (ARKO) adult mice using real-time quantitative PCR and immunofluorescence, and detected the transcriptional activity of the USP24 promoter by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay...
November 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
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