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Testicular macrophages

Mónica Beatriz Frungieri, Ricardo Saúl Calandra, Soledad Paola Rossi
The pineal hormone melatonin regulates testicular function through the hypothalamic-adenohypophyseal axis. In addition, direct actions of melatonin in somatic cells of the testis have been described. Melatonin acts as a local modulator of the endocrine activity in Leydig cells. In Sertoli cells, melatonin influences cellular growth, proliferation, energy metabolism and the oxidation state, and consequently may regulate spermatogenesis. These data pinpoint melatonin as a key player in the regulation of testicular physiology (i...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Peter J Siska, Romany A N Johnpulle, Alice Zhou, Jennifer Bordeaux, Ju Young Kim, Bashar Dabbas, Naveen Dakappagari, Jeffrey C Rathmell, W Kimryn Rathmell, Alicia K Morgans, Justin M Balko, Douglas B Johnson
Platinum-based chemotherapy is usually curative for patients with testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), but a subset of patients experience disease progression and poor clinical outcomes. Here, we tested whether immune profiling of TGCT could identify novel prognostic markers and therapeutic targets for this patient cohort. We obtained primary and metastatic TGCT samples from one center. We performed immune profiling using multiplexed fluorescence immunohistochemistry (FIHC) for T-cell subsets and immune checkpoints, and targeted gene expression profiling (Nanostring nCounter Immune panel)...
2017: Oncoimmunology
D Huang, W Wei, F Xie, X Zhu, L Zheng, Z Lv
To gain an understanding of the mechanisms by which Leydig cell steroidogenic function degenerates with ageing, we explored steroidogenic gene expression in relation to antioxidation status and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress during the ageing of mice. Expression of StAR, P450scc and other steroidogenic enzymes decreased starting at middle age (12-month-old) compared to that of the young control (3-month-old) mice. The immunohistochemical staining intensity of 3β-HSD for Leydig cells was significantly weaker in the aged (24-month-old) group than that in the young control group...
May 9, 2017: Andrologia
Ming Wang, Monika Fijak, Hamid Hossain, Melanie Markmann, Rolf M Nüsing, Günter Lochnit, Michaela F Hartmann, Stefan A Wudy, Lizong Zhang, Huanpeng Gu, Lutz Konrad, Trinad Chakraborty, Andreas Meinhardt, Sudhanshu Bhushan
Macrophages are important in the activation of innate immune responses and in a tissue-specific manner in the maintenance of organ homeostasis. Testicular macrophages (TM), which reside in the testicular interstitial space, comprise the largest leukocyte population in the testes and are assumed to play a relevant function in maintaining testicular immune privilege. Numerous studies have indicated that the interstitial fluid (IF) surrounding the TM has immunosuppressive properties, which may influence the phenotype of TM...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Bomi Lee, Urszula T Iwaniec, Russell T Turner, Yi-Wei Lin, Bart L Clarke, Anne Gingery, Li-Na Wei
Osteolytic bone diseases, such as osteoporosis, are characterized by diminished bone quality and increased fracture risk. The therapeutic challenge remains to maintain bone homeostasis with a balance between osteoclast-mediated resorption and osteoblast-mediated formation. Osteoclasts are formed by the fusion of monocyte/macrophage-derived precursors. Here we report, to our knowledge for the first time, that receptor-interacting protein 140 (RIP140) expression in osteoclast precursors and its protein regulation are crucial for osteoclast differentiation, activity, and coupled bone formation...
April 6, 2017: JCI Insight
Victor A Ruthig, Torbjoern Nielsen, Jonathan M Riel, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Egle A Ortega, Quinci Salvador, Monika A Ward
We recently investigated mice with Y chromosome gene contribution limited to two, one, or no Y chromosome genes in respect to their ability to produce haploid round spermatids and live offspring following round spermatid injection. Here we explored the normalcy of germ cells and Sertoli cells within seminiferous tubules, and the interstitial tissue of the testis in these mice. We performed quantitative analysis of spermatogenesis and interstitial tissue on Periodic acid-Schiff and hematoxylin-stained mouse testis sections...
March 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
Han Wu, Xiang Zhao, Fei Wang, Qian Jiang, Lili Shi, Maolei Gong, Weihua Liu, Bo Gao, Chengyi Song, Qihan Li, Yongmei Chen, Daishu Han
Mumps virus (MuV) infection has high tropism to the testis and usually leads to orchitis, an etiological factor in male infertility. However, MuV replication in testicular cells and the cellular antiviral responses against MuV are not fully understood. The present study showed that MuV infected the majority of testicular cells, including Leydig cells (LC), testicular macrophages, Sertoli cells (SC), and male germ cells (GC). MuV was replicated at relatively high efficiencies in SC compared with LC and testicular macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Varsha Singh, Manisha Priyam, Mamta Tripathy, Umesh Rai
The present in vitro study, for the first time, demonstrates the production of 25-hydroxycholestrol (25-HC) by testicular macrophages of a non-mammalian vertebrate. The ether extracts of testicular macrophage-conditioned medium (TMCM) were fractionated on a C18 reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) column using methanol as the mobile phase. The mass spectrometry (MS) fragmentation pattern of HPLC-purified 25-HC was found to be identical to that of authentic 25-HC. Further, a significant seasonal variation in 25-HC concentration was observed with maximal level in regressed and minimal during breeding phase...
January 23, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Yabing Chen, Yuan Zhou, Jing Wang, Lihui Wang, Zou Xiang, Dongmei Li, Xiaodong Han
Microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is a potent toxin for Sertoli cells. However, the specific molecular mechanisms of MC-induced cytotoxicity still remain unclear. In this study, we performed a comprehensive analyses of changes of miRNAs and mRNAs in Sertoli cells treated with MC-LR. Through computational approaches, we showed the pivotal roles of differentially expressed miRNAs that were associated with cell metabolism, cellular growth and proliferation, cell-to-cell signaling and interaction and cellular movement...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mahmoud Huleihel, Maram Abofoul-Azab, Yael Abarbanel, Iris Einav, Elyahu Levitas, Eitan Lunenfeld
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a multifunctional molecule. MIF was originally identified as a T-cell-derived factor responsible for the inhibition of macrophage migration. In testicular tissue of adult rats, MIF is constitutively expressed by Leydig cells under physiological conditions. The aim of this study was to examine MIF levels in testicular homogenates from different aged mice, and the capacity of Sertoli cells to produce it. We also examined MIF involvement in spermatogonial cell migration...
October 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Samah M Ahmed, Shaimaa A Abdelrahman, Sally M Shalaby
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in medicine, however, they have toxic impacts on different organs. AgNPs distribution to the testes was reported, so, we aimed to study the effect of intraperitoneal injection of AgNPs, at different concentrations and different time durations, on adult rat testes. Sixty healthy adult male Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups; control group (Group I) and two experimental groups (Groups II & III), each of which were subdivided into two subgroups. Rats in group II were exposed for 7 days to low and high doses of AgNPs, respectively...
February 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
A M Mahran, D A Elgamal, H H Ghafeer, S A Abdel-Maksoud, A A Farrag
The study aimed to compare the histological features of Leydig cells and macrophages in the testicular interstitium of obstructive versus nonobstructive azoospermia. Thirty-nine azoospermic men undergoing testicular sperm extraction during intracytoplasmic sperm injection were allocated into obstructive azoospermia group (GI) and nonobstructive azoospermia group (GII) which was subdivided into Sertoli cell-only syndrome (GIIA), germ cell arrest (GIIB) and hypospermatogenesis (GIIC) subgroups. Serum LH, FSH and testosterone levels were measured...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
Britta Klein, Thomas Haggeney, Daniela Fietz, Sivanjah Indumathy, Kate L Loveland, Mark Hedger, Sabine Kliesch, Wolfgang Weidner, Martin Bergmann, Hans-Christian Schuppe
STUDY QUESTION: Which immune cells and cytokine profiles are characteristic for testicular germ cell neoplasia and what consequences does this have for the understanding of the related testicular immunopathology? SUMMARY ANSWER: The unique immune environment of testicular germ cell neoplasia comprises B cells and dendritic cells as well as high transcript levels of IL-6 and other B cell supporting or T helper cell type 1 (Th1)-driven cytokines and thus differs profoundly from normal testis or inflammatory lesions associated with hypospermatogenesis...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
I V Wagner, N Klöting, N Atanassova, I Savchuk, C Spröte, W Kiess, O Söder, K Svechnikov
Obesity is a global health problem and impacts negatively on levels of testosterone and quality of sperm production. At present little is known about mechanisms that attenuate testicular function in obese males. Our study characterized testicular steroidogenesis and explored levels of relevant paracrine and hormonal factors in rats with short- and long-term obesity. We have found that obesity state increased serum levels of estradiol and leptin in both groups of obese rats and inhibited the expression of StAR and Cyp11a1 associated with low levels of intratesticular testosterone in rats with long-term obesity...
December 5, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Sean Harris, Sara Pacheco Shubin, Susanna Wegner, Kirk Van Ness, Foad Green, Sung Woo Hong, Elaine M Faustman
Our 3-dimensional testis co-culture system (3D-TCS) represents a promising model of male reproductive toxicity which captures sensitive processes of male reproductive development and contains the main testes cell types (germ, Leydig and Sertoli cells). Macrophages are another cell type important for testicular function and help to modulate immuno-endocrine processes during testes development. Chemicals such as phthalate esters (PE's) affect macrophage function and testosterone production in the testes in vivo...
October 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Burak Kaptaner, Ertuğrul Kankaya, Abdulahad Dogan, Atilla Durmuş
Recent reports have demonstrated gonadal abnormalities in the Lake Van fish (Alburnus tarichi) from Lake Van caused by increasing pollution. In the present study, the fish was collected from an area of Lake Van receiving mainly sewage treatment plant effluent at prespawning period (April) and from a river (Karasu) which is close to the polluted area of the lake and where the fish migrates at spawning period (May). Collected specimens were examined for testicular alterations, gonadosomatic index (GSI), condition factor (CF), and antioxidant defense system biomarkers based on comparison with a reference lake (Erçek) and a reference freshwater inlet (Memedik River)...
August 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Sudhanshu Bhushan, Andreas Meinhardt
Testicular macrophages are the largest leukocyte population in the testis. Their environment is characterized by the seemingly contradictory needs for tolerance against the autoantigenic germ cells and the capacity to mount pro-inflammatory innate immune responses against invading pathogens. During the past years considerable progress has been made in our understanding how intracellular signaling events enable testicular macrophages to adequately respond to inflammatory stimuli with the capacity to clear pathogens, but avoid excessive tissue damage to maintain fertility...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Peter G Stanton, Caroline F H Foo, Adam Rainczuk, Andrew N Stephens, Mark Condina, Liza O'Donnell, Wolfgang Weidner, Tomomoto Ishikawa, Lyndsey Cruickshanks, Lee B Smith, Robert I McLachlan
Communication between the testicular somatic (Sertoli, Leydig, peritubular myoid, macrophage) and germ cell types is essential for sperm production (spermatogenesis), but the communicating factors are poorly understood. We reasoned that identification of proteins in the testicular interstitial fluid (TIF) that bathes these cells could provide a new means to explore spermatogenic function. The aim of this study was to map the proteome of TIF from normal adult rats. Low-abundance proteins in TIF were enriched using ProteoMiner beads and identified by MALDI-MS/MS, recognizing 276 proteins...
September 2016: Proteomics
Tomohiro Ishii, Ryuji Fukuzawa, Takeshi Sato, Koji Muroya, Masanori Adachi, Kenji Ihara, Junko Igaki, Yukihiro Hasegawa, Seiji Sato, Toshikatsu Mitsui, Tomonobu Hasegawa
OBJECTIVE: Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) results in impairment of adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis caused by STAR mutations. Our previous study revealed upregulation of genes associated with inflammatory or immune response and macrophage infiltration in the adrenal cortex of Star-knockout mice. This study aimed at investigating macrophage infiltration in the gonads from human patients with lipoid CAH. DESIGN: This study includes seven patients with lipoid CAH who underwent gonadectomy: two XX women (age, 22 and 40 years) and five XY boys (1 year)...
August 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
Jesse L Cox, Geoffrey A Talmon, Scott A Koepsell
Identification of choriocarcinoma within a germ cell tumor can have major implications for the subsequent staging and treatment of testicular neoplasms. Immunoperoxidase staining greatly enhances the speed and sensitivity of identifying occult, though clinically significant, tumor components. In mixed germ cell tumors, staining for beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) has been historically used to assess for the presence and burden of choriocarcinoma. However, current β-hCG stains produce variable, intense staining of trophoblastic elements and surrounding tissues, clouding the assessment of true-positive staining...
2016: Disease Markers
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