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Carbon ion radiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500630/e2f-is-involved-in-radioresistance-of-carbon-ion-induced-apoptosis-via-bax-caspase-3-signal-pathway-in-human-hepatoma-cell
#1
Xie Yi, S I Jing, Wang Yu-Pei, L I Hong-Yan, D I Cui-Xia, Yan Jun-Fang, Y E Yan-Cheng, Zhang Yan-Shan, Zhang Hong
Deletion of p53, most common genetic alteration, is observed in human tumors and reported to lead to improve in cell radioresistance. Heavy-ion irradiation (IR) could induce p53-/- cancer cells apoptosis. However, little is known regarding the molecular mechanism in this type of cell apoptosis. The present studies have focused on mechanisms state of signaling pathways as an activator of the cell fate decisions induced by heavy ion IR without p53. Carbon ion IR could induce up-regulation of E2F1 expression in cancer cells...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482173/evaluation-of-a-combination-tumor-treatment-using-thermo-triggered-liposomal-drug-delivery-and-carbon-ion-irradiation
#2
Daisuke Kokuryo, Ichio Aoki, Eiji Yuba, Kenji Kono, Sadahito Aoshima, Jeff Kershaw, Tsuneo Saga
The combination of radiotherapy with chemotherapy is one of the most promising strategies for cancer treatment. Here, a novel combination strategy utilizing carbon ion irradiation as a high-linear energy transfer (LET) radiotherapy and a thermo-triggered nanodevice is proposed, and drug accumulation in the tumor and treatment effects are evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging relaxometry and immunohistology (Ki-67, n = 15). The thermo-triggered liposomal anticancer nanodevice was administered into colon-26 tumor-grafted mice, and drug accumulation and efficacy was compared for 6 groups (n = 32) that received or did not receive the radiotherapy and thermo trigger...
April 21, 2017: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474791/multi-institutional-retrospective-study-of-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-treated-with-carbon-ion-radiotherapy
#3
Katsuyuki Shirai, Masashi Koto, Yusuke Demizu, Hiroaki Suefuji, Tatsuya Ohno, Hiroshi Tsuji, Tomoaki Okimoto, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Jun-Ichi Saitoh, Kenji Nemoto, Takashi Nakano, Tadashi Kamada
To evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with mucoepidermoid carcinomas in the head and neck treated with carbon-ion radiotherapy. Data from 26 patients who underwent carbon-ion radiotherapy in four facilities were analyzed in this multi-institutional retrospective study: the Japan Carbon-ion Radiation Oncology Study Group (J-CROS). The median follow-up time was 34 months. One patient experienced local recurrence, and the 3-year local control rate was 95%. One patient developed lymph node recurrence and five developed distant metastases...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468632/erratum-to-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-desmoid-tumor-of-the-abdominal-wall-a-case-report
#4
Takuya Nagata, Yusuke Demizu, Tomoyuki Okumura, Shinichi Sekine, Naoki Hashimoto, Nobukazu Fuwa, Tomoaki Okimoto, Yutaka Shimada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399182/clinical-outcomes-using-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-and-dose-volume-histogram-comparison-between-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-and-photon-therapy-for-t2b-4n0m0-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-pilot-study
#5
Katsuyuki Shirai, Motohiro Kawashima, Jun-Ichi Saitoh, Takanori Abe, Kyohei Fukata, Yuka Shigeta, Daisuke Irie, Shintaro Shiba, Naoko Okano, Tatsuya Ohno, Takashi Nakano
The safety and efficacy of carbon-ion radiotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer have not been established. We evaluated the clinical outcomes and dose-volume histogram parameters of carbon-ion radiotherapy compared with photon therapy in T2b-4N0M0 non-small cell lung cancer. Twenty-three patients were treated with carbon-ion radiotherapy between May 2011 and December 2015. Seven, 14, and 2 patients had T2b, T3, and T4, respectively. The median age was 78 (range, 53-91) years, with 22 male patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368853/three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-therapeutic-carbon-ion-beams-in-phantoms-using-single-secondary-ion-tracks
#6
Anna Merle Reinhart, Claudia Katharina Spindeldreier, Jan Jakubek, Mária Martišíková
Carbon ion beam radiotherapy enables a very localised dose deposition. However, even small changes in the patient geometry or positioning errors can significantly distort the dose distribution. A live, non-invasive monitoring system of the beam delivery within the patient is therefore highly desirable, and could improve patient treatment. We present a novel three-dimensional method for imaging the beam in the irradiated object, exploiting the measured tracks of single secondary ions emerging under irradiation...
April 3, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350952/future-advances-in-spine-surgery-the-aospine-north-america-perspective
#7
Michael G Fehlings, Christopher S Ahuja, Thomas Mroz, Wellington Hsu, James Harrop
This focus issue highlights state-of-the-art techniques, equipment, and practices in the modern era of spine surgery while providing a glimpse into the next generation of patient care. A broad range of topics are presented to cover the full spectrum of the field. Degenerative diseases are discussed in a series of 3 articles on (1) pathophysiology, management, and surgical approaches to degenerative cervical myelopathy; (2) novel approaches to degenerative thoracolumbar disease (eg, interspinous process spacers, minimally invasive/endoscopic approaches); and (3) animal models and emerging therapeutics in degenerative disk disease...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350112/contribution-of-caspase-independent-pathway-to-apoptosis-in-malignant-glioma-induced-by-carbon-ion-beams
#8
Luwei Zhang, Jiawei Yan, Yang Liu, Qiuyue Zhao, Cuixia Di, Sun Chao, Li Jie, Yuanyuan Liu, Hong Zhang
High linear energy transfer (LET) carbon ion beam (CIB) is becoming the best tool for external radiotherapy of inoperable tumors because of its greater cell killing than conventional low LET gamma or X-rays. In the present study, whether the caspase-independent pathway exerts the important contribution in CIB-induced cell apoptosis was explored. Herein we showed, despite the absence of caspase activity using a pan caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK, that apoptosis induced by high LET CIB were clearly observed in the glioma cells...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345622/comprehensive-track-structure-based-evaluation-of-dna-damage-by-light-ions-from-radiotherapy-relevant-energies-down-to-stopping
#9
W Friedland, E Schmitt, P Kundrát, M Dingfelder, G Baiocco, S Barbieri, A Ottolenghi
Track structures and resulting DNA damage in human cells have been simulated for hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and neon ions with 0.25-256 MeV/u energy. The needed ion interaction cross sections have been scaled from those of hydrogen; Barkas scaling formula has been refined, extending its applicability down to about 10 keV/u, and validated against established stopping power data. Linear energy transfer (LET) has been scored from energy deposits in a cell nucleus; for very low-energy ions, it has been defined locally within thin slabs...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343543/single-fraction-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-early-stage-nsclc-the-future-is-now
#10
EDITORIAL
Aaron Laine, Hak Choy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339788/intravenous-dendritic-cell-administration-enhances-suppression-of-lung-metastasis-induced-by-carbon-ion-irradiation
#11
Ken Ando, Hidetoshi Fujita, Akihiro Hosoi, Liqiu Ma, Masaru Wakatsuki, Ken-Ichiro Seino, Kazuhiro Kakimi, Takashi Imai, Takashi Shimokawa, Takashi Nakano
Carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) is an advanced radiotherapy and has achieved good local control, even in tumors that are resistant to conventional photon beam radiotherapy (PBRT). However, distant metastasis control is an important issue. Recently, the combination of radiotherapy and immunotherapy has attracted the attention. In immunotherapy, dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in the anti-tumor immune system. However, the mechanisms underlying the combination therapy of DCs and radiotherapy have been unclear...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302921/deciphering-the-acute-cellular-phosphoproteome-response-to-irradiation-with-x-rays-protons-and-carbon-ions
#12
Martin Winter, Ivana Dokic, Julian Schlegel, Uwe Warnken, Jürgen Debus, Amir Abdollahi, Martina Schnölzer
Radiotherapy is a cornerstone of cancer therapy. The recently established particle therapy with raster-scanning protons and carbon ions landmarks a new era in the field of high-precision cancer medicine. However, molecular mechanisms governing radiation induced intracellular signaling remain elusive. Here, we present the first comprehensive proteomic and phosphoproteomic study applying stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) in combination with high-resolution mass spectrometry to decipher cellular response to irradiation with X-rays, protons and carbon ions...
May 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275377/impact-of-particle-irradiation-on-the-immune-system-from-the-clinic-to-mars
#13
REVIEW
Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalo, Sarah Baatout, Marjan Moreels
Despite the generalized use of photon-based radiation (i.e., gamma rays and X-rays) to treat different cancer types, particle radiotherapy (i.e., protons and carbon ions) is becoming a popular, and more effective tool to treat specific tumors due to the improved physical properties and biological effectiveness. Current scientific evidence indicates that conventional radiation therapy affects the tumor immunological profile in a particular manner, which in turn, might induce beneficial effects both at local and systemic (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252445/comparing-the-dosimetric-impact-of-interfractional-anatomical-changes-in-photon-proton-and-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-pancreatic-cancer-patients
#14
Antonetta C Houweling, Koen Crama, Jorrit Visser, Kyohei Fukata, Coen R N Rasch, Tatsuya Ohno, Arjan Bel, Astrid van der Horst
Radiotherapy using charged particles is characterized by a low dose to the surrounding healthy organs, while delivering a high dose to the tumor. However, interfractional anatomical changes can greatly affect the robustness of particle therapy. Therefore, we compared the dosimetric impact of interfractional anatomical changes (i.e. body contour differences and gastrointestinal gas volume changes) in photon, proton and carbon ion therapy for pancreatic cancer patients. In this retrospective planning study, photon, proton and carbon ion treatment plans were created for 9 patients...
April 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245294/amino-acid-transport-system-a-substrate-predicts-the-therapeutic-effects-of-particle-radiotherapy
#15
Tomoya Uehara, Mariko Watanabe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Yoshiya Furusawa, Yasushi Arano
L-[methyl-11C]Methionine (11C-Met) is useful for estimating the therapeutic efficacy of particle radiotherapy at early stages of the treatment. Given the short half-life of 11C, the development of longer-lived 18F- and 123I-labeled probes that afford diagnostic information similar to 11C-Met, are being sought. Tumor uptake of 11C-Met is involved in many cellular functions such as amino acid transport System-L, protein synthesis, and transmethylation. Among these processes, since the energy-dependent intracellular functions involved with 11C-Met are more reflective of the radiotherapeutic effects, we evaluated the activity of the amino acid transport System-A as an another energy-dependent cellular function in order to estimate radiotherapeutic effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212708/development-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-three-dimensional-clinostat-synchronized-heavy-ion-irradiation-system
#16
Hiroko Ikeda, Hikaru Souda, Anggraeini Puspitasari, Kathryn D Held, Jun Hidema, Takeshi Nikawa, Yukari Yoshida, Tatsuaki Kanai, Akihisa Takahashi
Outer space is an environment characterized by microgravity and space radiation, including high-energy charged particles. Astronauts are constantly exposed to both microgravity and radiation during long-term stays in space. However, many aspects of the biological effects of combined microgravity and space radiation remain unclear. We developed a new three-dimensional (3D) clinostat synchronized heavy-ion irradiation system for use in ground-based studies of the combined exposures. Our new system uses a particle accelerator and a respiratory gating system from heavy-ion radiotherapy to irradiate samples being rotated in the 3D clinostat with carbon-ion beams only when the samples are in the horizontal position...
February 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190704/high-risk-prostate-cancer-and-radiotherapy-the-past-and-the-future-a-benchmark-for-a-new-mixed-beam-radiotherapy-approach
#17
Giulia Marvaso, Barbara A Jereczek-Fossa, Giulia Riva, Camilla Bassi, Cristiana Fodor, Delia Ciardo, Raffaella Cambria, Floriana Pansini, Dario Zerini, Paolo De Marco, Federica Cattani, Ottavio De Cobelli, Roberto Orecchia
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for patients with high-risk prostate cancer is poor. No consensus exists on the most effective treatment. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the biochemical progression-free survival and the toxicity profile of patients with localized high-risk prostate cancer treated with external beam radiation therapy. These results will constitute a benchmark for a prospective "mixed beam" trial: a boost with carbon ions followed by a pelvic photon intensity-modulated radiotherapy (NCT02672449 [clinicaltrials...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181819/dose-escalation-study-with-respiratory-gated-carbon-ion-scanning-radiotherapy-using-a-simultaneous-integrated-boost-for-pancreatic-cancer-simulation-with-four-dimensional-computed-tomography
#18
Shohei Kawashiro, Shinichiro Mori, Shigeru Yamada, Kentaro Miki, Kenji Nemoto, Hiroshi Tsuji, Tadashi Kamada
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic cancer is a difficult to treat disease with a persistently high mortality rate. We evaluated dose distribution simulation with respiratory-gated carbon-ion pencil beam scanning (C-PBS) with a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) to increase tumour dose, sparing organs at risk (OARs). METHODS: Using four-dimensional CT data of 12 patients, we delineated gross tumour volume and two clinical target volumes (CTVs). To consider beam range intrafractional uncertainty, we calculated field-specific target volumes, from which two planning target volumes (PTVs) were generated...
April 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152251/diffusion-weighted-mri-treatment-monitoring-of-primary-hypofractionated-proton-and-carbon-ion-prostate-cancer-irradiation-using-raster-scan-technique
#19
Maya B Wolf, Christopher Edler, Diana Tichy, Matthias C Röthke, Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Klaus Herfarth, David Bonekamp
PURPOSE: To investigate parametric changes in the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) at multiple timepoints during and after completion of primary proton and carbon ion irradiation of prostate cancer (PCa) as compared with normal-appearing prostate parenchyma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 92 patients with histologically confirmed PCa received either proton or carbon ion hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT). All were prospectively evaluated with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) at five timepoints: baseline, day 10 during therapy and 6 weeks, 6 months, and 18 months after treatment...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133196/-a-case-of-remnant-pancreatic-cancer-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-successfully-treated-using-chemotherapy-and-carbon-ion-radiotherapy
#20
Tatsuhito Yamamoto, Kazuhisa Tokunou, Hisato Yamamoto, Ryoji Kamei, Yoshinori Kitamura, Seiichirou Ando
We report a case of remnant pancreatic cancer after pancreatoduodenectomy that was successfully treated using chemotherapy and carbon-ion radiotherapy. A 68-year-old woman received SSPPD for pancreatic head cancer. Gemcitabine(GEM) was administered for a year as postoperative chemotherapy. One year 8 months after surgery, abdominal CT showed a 20 mm solid mass in the stump of the remnant pancreas and dilation of the distal pancreatic duct. FDG-PET revealed a solitary tumor without any recurrence. We diagnosed the patient with a solitary recurrence of pancreatic cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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