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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635679/the-role-of-angiogenesis-in-cancer-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Mehdi Rajabi, Shaker A Mousa
A number of anti-angiogenesis drugs have been FDA-approved and are being used in cancer treatment, and a number of other agents are in different stages of clinical development or in preclinical evaluation. However, pharmacologic anti-angiogenesis strategies that arrest tumor progression might not be enough to eradicate tumors. Decreased anti-angiogenesis activity in single mechanism-based anti-angiogenic strategies is due to the redundancy, multiplicity, and development of compensatory mechanism by which blood vessels are remodeled...
June 21, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634350/a-subset-of-cerebrovascular-pericytes-originates-from-mature-macrophages-in-the-very-early-phase-of-vascular-development-in-cns
#2
Seiji Yamamoto, Masashi Muramatsu, Erika Azuma, Masashi Ikutani, Yoshinori Nagai, Hiroshi Sagara, Bon-Nyeo Koo, Satomi Kita, Erin O'Donnell, Tsuyoshi Osawa, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Ken-Ichi Takano, Mitsuko Dohmoto, Michiya Sugimori, Isao Usui, Yasuhide Watanabe, Noboru Hatakeyama, Takahiro Iwamoto, Issei Komuro, Kiyoshi Takatsu, Kazuyuki Tobe, Shumpei Niida, Naoyuki Matsuda, Masabumi Shibuya, Masakiyo Sasahara
Pericytes are believed to originate from either mesenchymal or neural crest cells. It has recently been reported that pericytes play important roles in the central nervous system (CNS) by regulating blood-brain barrier homeostasis and blood flow at the capillary level. However, the origin of CNS microvascular pericytes and the mechanism of their recruitment remain unknown. Here, we show a new source of cerebrovascular pericytes during neurogenesis. In the CNS of embryonic day 10.5 mouse embryos, CD31(+)F4/80(+) hematopoietic lineage cells were observed in the avascular region around the dorsal midline of the developing midbrain...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629021/novel-hipsc-based-tri-culture-for-pre-vascularization-of-calcium-phosphate-scaffold-to-enhance-bone-and-vessel-formation
#3
Chi Zhang, Kevin Hu, Xian Liu, Mark A Reynolds, Chongyun Bao, Ping Wang, Liang Zhao, Hockin H K Xu
Vascularization of tissue-engineered bone is a critical step in maintaining cell viability and advancing cell performance in vivo. In this study, a novel tri-culture system was developed to elicit pre-vascularization of calcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffold in which human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hiPSMSCs) were seeded together with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and pericytes. In a two-step methodology design, we first performed osteoinduction of the seeded hiPSMSCs on the CPC scaffold and then incorporated HUVECs and pericytes to the hiPSMSC-colonized CPC scaffold under a favorable culturing condition, with an objective to form a stable and functional capillary-like vascular network that sustained the engineered osseous tissue...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627746/hepatic-perivascular-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-myogenic-properties
#4
Sudheer Shenoy P, Bipasha Bose
Pericytes are multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) located on the walls of blood vessels in various organs and are characterized as CD146(+) cells.. In this study, we have first immunohistochemically detected such pericytes in the perivascular regions of liver from two mouse genotypes namely wild-type (WT) and myostatin null (Mstn(-/-) ). We further isolated such pericytes using sorting as CD146(+) CD34(-) CD56(-) CD45(-) cells. The main finding of this study involve the contrasting -fibrogenic versus myogenic behavior of liver pericytes from WTMstn(-/-) ) mouse respectively...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627676/luteolin-inhibits-angiogenesis-by-blocking-gas6-axl-signaling-pathway
#5
Xiaobo Li, Minfeng Chen, Xueping Lei, Maohua Huang, Wencai Ye, Rijia Zhang, Dongmei Zhang
Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) induces the activation of Axl receptor tyrosine kinase (Axl), which plays an important role in angiogenic processes, including proliferation, migration, invasion, tube formation and pericyte recruitment of endothelial cells. The inhibition of Gas6/Axl pathway has been demonstrated to be an effective anti-angiogenic therapy. Luteolin, which is a natural active flavonoid, has been reported to possess anti-angiogenic effects. However, the underlying mechanism of luteolin in anti-angiogenesis is not fully understood...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626056/early-reperfusion-after-brain-ischemia-has-beneficial-effects-beyond-rescuing-neurons
#6
Masaki Tachibana, Tetsuro Ago, Yoshinobu Wakisaka, Junya Kuroda, Masahiro Shijo, Yoji Yoshikawa, Motohiro Komori, Ataru Nishimura, Noriko Makihara, Kuniyuki Nakamura, Takanari Kitazono
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies show that successful endovascular thrombectomy 6 to 12 hours after stroke onset enhances functional outcomes 3 months later. In this study, we investigated the effects of reperfusion after ischemia on repair processes in the ischemic areas, as well as on functional recovery, using mouse stroke models. METHODS: We examined time-dependent histological changes and functional recovery after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion of different durations, including permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion, using the CB-17 (CB-17/lcr-+/+Jcl) mouse strain, which has poor pial collateral blood flow...
June 16, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624952/endocrine-functions-of-the-renal-interstitium
#7
REVIEW
Armin Kurtz
This review aims to summarize the knowledge about the sensor and endocrine response functions of resident interstitial cells of the kidney. By the production of renin, erythropoietin and arachidonate metabolites (medullipin) subsets of renal interstitial fibroblasts and pericytes in different kidney zones play a central role in salt, blood pressure and oxygen homeostasis of the body. Common to these endocrine functions is that their regulation mainly occurs by (de)recruitment of active cells.
June 17, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624783/malignant-pericytes-expressing-gt198-give-rise-to-tumor-cells-through-angiogenesis
#8
Liyong Zhang, Yan Wang, Mohammad H Rashid, Min Liu, Kartik Angara, Nahid F Mivechi, Nita J Maihle, Ali S Arbab, Lan Ko
Angiogenesis promotes tumor development. Understanding the crucial factors regulating tumor angiogenesis may reveal new therapeutic targets. Human GT198 (PSMC3IP or Hop2) is an oncoprotein encoded by a DNA repair gene that is overexpressed in tumor stromal vasculature to stimulate the expression of angiogenic factors. Here we show that pericytes expressing GT198 give rise to tumor cells through angiogenesis. GT198+ pericytes and perivascular cells are commonly present in the stromal compartment of various human solid tumors and rodent xenograft tumor models...
May 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621306/targeted-two-photon-chemical-apoptotic-ablation-of-defined-cell-types-in-vivo
#9
Robert A Hill, Eyiyemisi C Damisah, Fuyi Chen, Alex C Kwan, Jaime Grutzendler
A major bottleneck limiting understanding of mechanisms and consequences of cell death in complex organisms is the inability to induce and visualize this process with spatial and temporal precision in living animals. Here we report a technique termed two-photon chemical apoptotic targeted ablation (2Phatal) that uses focal illumination with a femtosecond-pulsed laser to bleach a nucleic acid-binding dye causing dose-dependent apoptosis of individual cells without collateral damage. Using 2Phatal, we achieve precise ablation of distinct populations of neurons, glia and pericytes in the mouse brain and in zebrafish...
June 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611362/zinc-modified-calcium-silicate-coatings-promote-osteogenic-differentiation-through-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-pathway-and-osseointegration-in-osteopenic-rabbits
#10
Jiangming Yu, Lizhang Xu, Kai Li, Ning Xie, Yanhai Xi, Yang Wang, Xuebin Zheng, Xiongsheng Chen, Meiyan Wang, Xiaojian Ye
Surface-modified metal implants incorporating different ions have been employed in the biomedical field as bioactive dental implants with good osseointegration properties. However, the molecular mechanism through which surface coatings exert the biological activity is not fully understood, and the effects have been difficult to achieve, especially in the osteopenic bone. In this study, We examined the effect of zinc-modified calcium silicate coatings with two different Zn contents to induce osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow-derived pericytes (BM-PCs) and osteogenetic efficiency in ovariectomised rabbits...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611075/identification-and-functional-characterization-of-hypoxia-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-regulating-lncrna-hyperlnc-in-pericytes
#11
Florian C Bischoff, Astrid Werner, David John, Jes-Niels Boeckel, Maria-Theodora Melissari, Phillip Grote, Simone F Glaser, Shemsi Demolli, Shizuka Uchida, Katharina M Michalik, Benjamin Meder, Hugo A Katus, Jan Haas, Wei Chen, Soni S Pullamsetti, Werner Seeger, Andreas M Zeiher, Stefanie Dimmeler, Christoph M Zehendner
Rationale: Pericytes are essential for vessel maturation and endothelial barrier function. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate many cellular functions, but their role in pericyte biology remains unexplored. Objective: Here we investigate the effect of Hypoxia-Induced Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Regulating lncRNA (HypERlnc, also known as ENSG00000262454) on pericyte function in vitro and its regulation in human heart failure and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Methods and Results: RNA sequencing in human primary pericytes (hPCs) identified hypoxia regulated lncRNAs, including HypERlnc...
June 13, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609645/tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-il-17a-activation-induces-pericyte-mediated-basement-membrane-remodeling-in-human-neutrophilic-dermatoses
#12
Holly M Lauridsen, Amanda S Pellowe, Anand Ramanathan, Rebecca Liu, Kathryn Miller-Jensen, Jennifer M McNiff, Jordan S Pober, Anjelica L Gonzalez
Sweet syndrome is a prototypical neutrophilic dermatosis, a class of inflammatory diseases marked by elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-17A, pathologic neutrophil recruitment, and microvascular remodeling. Histologic analyses of four matrix proteins-collagen I and IV, laminin, and fibronectin-in the skin biopsies of patients with Sweet syndrome reveal that the basement membrane of dermal postcapillary venules undergoes changes in structure and composition. Increased neutrophil recruitment in vivo was associated with increases in collagen IV, decreases in laminin, and varied changes in fibronectin...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608561/angiogenic-and-restorative-ability-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-were-reduced-following-treatment-with-serum-from-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients
#13
Jafar Rezaie, Malek Soleimani Mehranjani, Reza Rahbarghazi, Mohammad Ali Shariatzadeh
This experiment investigated the impact of serum from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus on the angiogenic behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. Changes in the level of Ang-1, Ang-2, cell migration and trans-differentiation into pericytes and endothelial lineage were monitored after 7 days. The interaction of mesenchymal stem cells with endothelial cells were evaluated using surface plasmon resonance technique. Paracrine restorative effect of diabetic stem cells was tested on pancreatic β cells...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607804/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-role-in-tumor-microenvironment-involvement-of-signaling-pathways
#14
Armel Herve Nwabo Kamdje, Paul Takam Kamga, Richard Tagne Simo, Lorella Vecchio, Paul Faustin Seke Etet, Jean Marc Muller, Giulio Bassi, Erique Lukong, Raghuveera Kumar Goel, Jeremie Mbo Amvene, Mauro Krampera
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are adult multipotent stem cells residing as pericytes in various tissues and organs where they can differentiate into specialized cells to replace dying cells and damaged tissues. These cells are commonly found at injury sites and in tumors that are known to behave like " wounds that do not heal." In this article, we discuss the mechanisms of MSCs in migrating, homing, and repairing injured tissues. We also review a number of reports showing that tumor microenvironment triggers plasticity mechanisms in MSCs to induce malignant neoplastic tissue formation, maintenance, and chemoresistance, as well as tumor growth...
May 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606465/ubiquitin-proteasome-system-and-er-stress-in-the-retina-of-diabetic-rats
#15
Karnam Shruthi, Singareddy Sreenivasa Reddy, Geereddy Bhanuprakash Reddy
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most frequently occurring complication of diabetes. Alterations in ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) have been associated with several degenerative disorders. Hence, in this study, we investigated the status and role of UPS and ER stress in the retina of diabetic rats. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in rats by streptozotocin. Retinal markers, ER stress markers, components of UPS, ERAD, and autophagy were analyzed after 2- and 4-months of diabetes...
June 9, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605361/isolation-of-type-i-and-type-ii-pericytes-from-mouse-skeletal-muscles
#16
Abhijit Nirwane, Jyoti Gautam, Yao Yao
Pericytes are perivascular multipotent cells that show heterogeneity in different organs or even within the same tissue. In skeletal muscles, there are at least two pericyte subpopulations (called type I and type II), which express different molecular markers and have distinct differentiation capabilities. Using NG2-DsRed and Nestin-GFP double-transgenic mice, type I (NG2-DsRed(+)Nestin-GFP(-)) and type II (NG2-DsRed(+)Nestin-GFP(+)) pericytes have been successfully isolated. However, the availability of these double-transgenic mice prevents the widespread use of this purification method...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602979/inhibition-of-cyp4a-by-a-novel-flavonoid-fla-16-prolongs-survival-and-normalizes-tumor-vasculature-in-glioma
#17
Chenlong Wang, Ying Li, Honglei Chen, Jie Zhang, Jing Zhang, Tian Qin, Chenfan Duan, Xuewei Chen, Yanzhuo Liu, Xiaoyang Zhou, Jing Yang
Glioblastomas rapidly become refractory to anti-VEGF therapies. We previously showed that cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4A-derived 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) promotes angiogenesis. Here, we tested whether a novel flavonoid (FLA-16) prolongs survival and normalizes tumor vasculature in glioma through CYP4A inhibition. FLA-16 improved survival, reduced tumor burden, and normalized vasculature, accompanied with the decreased secretion of 20-HETE, VEGF and TGF-β in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in C6 and U87 gliomas...
June 7, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602949/connexin-channel-and-its-role-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#18
REVIEW
Sayon Roy, Jean X Jiang, An-Fei Li, Dongjoon Kim
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in the working age population. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this devastating ocular complication. The early stage of diabetic retinopathy is characterized by the loss of various cell types in the retina, namely endothelial cells and pericytes. As the disease progresses, vascular leakage, a clinical hallmark of diabetic retinopathy, becomes evident and may eventually lead to diabetic macular edema, the most common cause of vision loss in diabetic retinopathy...
June 7, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602263/immunohistochemical-and-histochemical-characterization-of-intraosseous-arteriovenous-malformations-of-the-jaws-analysis-of-16-cases-with-emphasis-on-glut-1-immunophenotype
#19
Reda Taleb, Ioannis G Koutlas, Prokopios P Argyris
OBJECTIVES: Intraosseous vascular lesions of the craniofacial region are rare and may cause diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The purpose of this study was to characterize 16 cases of intraosseous arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) affecting the jaws. STUDY DESIGN: Immunohistochemical evaluation was performed using antibodies against α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), desmin, CD31, D2-40, and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1). Staining with elastic Verhoeff-Van Gieson and Masson trichrome histochemical stains was also performed...
April 25, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600828/allogeneic-mscs-and-recycled-autologous-chondrons-mixed-in-a-one-stage-cartilage-cell-transplantion-a-first-in-man-trial-in-35-patients
#20
Tommy S de Windt, Lucienne A Vonk, Ineke C M Slaper-Cortenbach, Razmara Nizak, Mattie H P van Rijen, Daniel B F Saris
MSCs are known as multipotent mesenchymal stem cells that have been found capable of differentiating into various lineages including cartilage. However, recent studies suggest MSCs are pericytes that stimulate tissue repair through trophic signaling. Aimed at articular cartilage repair in an one-stage cell transplantation, this study provides first clinical evidence that MSCs stimulate autologous cartilage repair in the knee without engrafting in the host tissue. A phase I (first-in-man) clinical trial studied the one-stage application of allogeneic MSCs mixed with 10% or 20% recycled defect derived autologous chondrons for the treatment of cartilage defects in 35 patients...
June 10, 2017: Stem Cells
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