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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436709/transitioning-from-occupational-therapy-student-to-practicing-occupational-therapist-first-year-of-employment
#1
Randy P McCombie, Meredith E Antanavage
This research examined the transition from occupational therapy student to practicing occupational therapist over the course of one's first year of professional employment, as recalled by a sample of occupational therapists. Surveys were mailed to 500 occupational therapists randomly selected from membership in the American Occupational Therapy Association resulting in 202 returned surveys. Median year of graduation was 1998, ranging from 1967 to 2014. In general, respondents indicated the transition was positive...
April 24, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422815/no-time-for-silence-an-urgent-need-for-political-activism-among-the-medical-community
#2
Erik Levinsohn, Karrin Weisenthal, Priscilla Wang, Andi Shahu, Matthew Meizlish, Talia Robledo-Gil, Eamon Duffy, Samara Fox, Juliana Berk-Krauss
Despite being a major stakeholder in the U.S. health care system, the medical community has remained relatively mute in the debate over the future of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). If the ACA were repealed, tens of millions of Americans would be in danger of losing their insurance, resulting in a significant increase in mortality. Because misinformation about the ACA is rampant, it is imperative that health care providers explain to the public what exactly the ACA is and how repeal will affect patients...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420267/promoting-health-through-policy-and-systems-change-public-health-students-and-mentors-on-the-value-of-policy-advocacy-experience-in-academic-internships
#3
Daniela Marquez, Dylan Pell, Sue Forster-Cox, Evelyn Garcia, Sophia Ornelas, Brenna Bandstra, Holly Mata
Emerging professionals and new Certified Health Education Specialists often lack academic training in and actual experience in National Commission for Health Education Credentialing Area of Responsibility VII: Communicate, Promote, and Advocate for Health, Health Education/Promotion, and the Profession. For undergraduate and graduate students who have an opportunity to complete an internship or practicum experience, gaining experience in Competencies 7.2: Engage in advocacy for health and health education/promotion and 7...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410033/student-nurse-mentoring-an-evaluative-study-of-the-mentor-s-perspective
#4
Rebecca Rylance, Julie Barrett, Pam Sixsmith, Donna Ward
An evaluative study aimed to capture the 'mentor voice' and provide an insight into the mentoring role from the perspective of the nurse mentor. Participants from each of the four fields of nursing practice were asked to comment on the satisfying and frustrating aspects of their mentoring role. The narrative data gleaned from the evaluation were qualitatively analysed and subsequently organised into key themes around the student-mentor relationship and the clinical environment. Given that the landscape of nurse education is set to change, in terms of new standards from the professional bodies and the political drivers, not to mention the changing profile of the student nurse, it is hoped that the findings may help to shape the relationship between the mentor, the student and the higher education institution...
April 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406112/doctors-of-tomorrow-an-innovative-curriculum-connecting-underrepresented-minority-high-school-students-to-medical-school
#5
Jordan Derck, Kate Zahn, Jonathan F Finks, Simanjit Mand, Gurjit Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Racial minorities continue to be underrepresented in medicine (URiM). Increasing provider diversity is an essential component of addressing disparity in health delivery and outcomes. The pool of students URiM that are competitive applicants to medical school is often limited early on by educational inequalities in primary and secondary schooling. A growing body of evidence recognizing the importance of diversifying health professions advances the need for medical schools to develop outreach collaborations with primary and secondary schools to attract URiMs...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406108/specialty-preferences-and-motivating-factors-a-national-survey-on-medical-students-from-five-uae-medical-schools
#6
Mahera Abdulrahman, Maryam Makki, Sami Shaaban, Maryam Al Shamsi, Manda Venkatramana, Nabil Sulaiman, Manal M Sami, Dima K Abdelmannan, AbdulJabbar M A Salih, Laila AlShaer
BACKGROUND: Workforce planning is critical for being able to deliver appropriate health service and thus is relevant to medical education. It is, therefore, important to understand medical students' future specialty choices and the factors that influence them. This study was conducted to identify, explore, and analyze the factors influencing specialty preferences among medical students of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A multiyear, multicenter survey of medical student career choice was conducted with all five UAE medical schools...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#7
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397376/nursing-curriculums-may-hinder-a-career-in-gerontological-nursing-an-integrative-review
#8
William Garbrah, Tarja Välimäki, Marjo Palovaara, Päivi Kankkunen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate what prevents undergraduate nursing students from choosing gerontological nursing as a career option. DESIGN: This study utilised an integrative literature review, which allows the inclusion of previous studies with diverse research designs to gain a broader view of the reasons why nursing students do not choose a gerontological nursing career. METHODS: An electronic database search of CINAHL (Ebsco), Scopus and Eric elicited 251 scientific peer-reviewed empirical studies, published from 2006 to March 2016 in English...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395598/improving-clerkship-preparedness-a-hospital-medicine-elective-for-pre-clerkship-students
#9
Denise M Connor, Paul J Conlon, Bridget C O'Brien, Calvin L Chou
BACKGROUND: Medical students often struggle to apply their nascent clinical skills in clerkships. While transitional clerkships can orient students to new roles and logistics, students may benefit from developing clinical skills in inpatient environments earlier in their curriculum to improve readiness for clerkships. INTERVENTION: Our four- to six-session elective provides pre-clerkship students with individualized learning in the inpatient setting with the aim of improving clerkship preparedness...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383747/exploring-mentees-perceptions-of-an-undergraduate-nurse-peer-mentorship-program
#10
Celia Lombardo, Carissa Wong, Lia Sanzone, Françoise Filion, Argerie Tsimicalis
BACKGROUND: A nurse peer mentorship program was implemented to address the needs of undergraduate nursing students at an academic institution. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of mentees who participated in the nurse peer mentorship program. METHOD: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted. Data were collected using semistructured interviews that were transcribed verbatim and descriptively analyzed using an inductive approach. RESULTS: Eleven participants were interviewed...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381597/waging-war-against-pancreatic-cancer-an-interview-with-david-tuveson
#11
David Tuveson
David Tuveson, Director of the Cancer Center at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, is a clinician-scientist with a longstanding interest in understanding and treating pancreatic cancer. Since developing the first mouse model of pancreatic cancer in 2002, the Tuveson lab has made a series of discoveries that shed light on the molecular drivers of this disease and provide promising therapeutic avenues for a malignancy that is notoriously challenging to treat. In collaboration with Hans Clevers, David developed the first pancreatic cancer organoids, which revolutionized the field by providing a powerful model system for basic discoveries and advancement of personalized medicine...
April 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380223/development-of-chemistry-pre-service-teachers-during-practical-pedagogical-training-self-evaluation-vs-evaluation-by-school-mentors
#12
Vesna Ferk Savec, Katarina S Wissiak Grm
The research presented in this article deals with the self-evaluation of 4th year pre-service chemistry teachers' progress during their second year practical pedagogical training in chemistry teaching at primary schools (students' age 13-15 years) in comparison to the perception of their progress by their school mentors. The sample consisted of 21 pre-service teachers and 21 school mentors, in-service chemistry teachers, at primary schools. For the purpose of following to pre-service chemistry teachers' development, the pre-service teachers as well as their mentors completed the "Questionnaire for monitoring students' progress", focusing on eight characteristics of professional development during practical pedagogical training...
2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379081/tensions-in-mentoring-medical-students-toward-self-directed-and-reflective-learning-in-a-longitudinal-portfolio-based-mentoring-system-an-activity-theory-analysis
#13
Sylvia Heeneman, Willem de Grave
BACKGROUND: In medical education, students need to acquire skills to self-direct(ed) learning (SDL), to enable their development into self-directing and reflective professionals. This study addressed the mentor perspective on how processes in the mentor-student interaction influenced development of SDL. METHODS: n = 22 mentors of a graduate-entry medical school with a problem-based curriculum and longitudinal mentoring system were interviewed (n = 1 recording failed)...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374212/bridging-the-divide-building-infrastructure-to-support-community-academic-partnerships-and-improve-capacity-to-conduct-patient-centered-outcomes-research
#14
Jennifer Huang, Paula Darby Lipman, C Daniel Mullins
For research to be useful, trustworthy, and ultimately lead to greater dissemination of findings to patients and communities, it is important to train and mentor academic researchers to meaningfully engage community members in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR). Thus, it is necessary for research institutions to strengthen their underlying infrastructure to support PCOR. PATIENTS-PATient-centered Involvement in Evaluating effectiveNess of TreatmentS-at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, focuses on improving PCOR methods and addressing health disparities...
April 3, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370748/final-assessment-of-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice-perspectives-of-nursing-teachers-students-and-mentors
#15
Kristiina Helminen, Martin Johnson, Hannu Isoaho, Hannele Turunen, Kerttu Tossavainen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe the phenomenon of final assessment of the clinical practice of nursing students and to examine whether there were differences in assessments by the students and their teachers and mentors. BACKGROUND: Final assessment of students in clinical practice during their education has great importance for ensuring that enough high quality nursing students are trained, as assessment tasks affect what the nursing student learns during the clinical practice...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366500/peer-to-peer-mentoring-outcomes-of-third-year-midwifery-students-mentoring-first-year-students
#16
Rosemarie Hogan, Deborah Fox, Georgina Barratt-See
PROBLEM: Undergraduate midwifery students commonly experience anxiety in relation to their first clinical placement. BACKGROUND: A peer mentoring program for midwifery students was implemented in an urban Australian university. The participants were first-year mentee and third-year mentor students studying a three-year Bachelor degree in midwifery. The program offered peer support to first-year midwifery students who had little or no previous exposure to hospital clinical settings...
March 30, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363674/assessment-of-female-medical-students-interest-in-careers-in-cardiothoracic-surgery
#17
Darci C Foote, James M Meza, Vikram Sood, Rishindra M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: Although over half of medical students are females, women comprise only 21% of cardiothoracic (CT) surgery residency applicants and 5% of the CT workforce. We sought to gain insight into female medical students' perceptions of CT surgery and identify targets to increase interest. DESIGN: A 33-question survey queried career selection factors, perceptions of CT surgery, and ways to increase interest in the field. Responses were stratified by sex and preclinical versus clinical years...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363384/dedicated-educational-nursing-unit-clinical-instructors-role-perceptions-and-learning-needs
#18
Donna M Glynn, Cecilia McVey, Judith Wendt, Bonnie Russell
Over the past decade, health care leaders have called for a radical transformation in health care and nursing education. Patient care has become complex, demanding succinct interprofessional communication and collaboration to optimize the care of the patient, and the nurse at the bedside is the optimal leader at the point of care. Assistance with the clinical reasoning and critical thinking with nursing students is pivotal for successful patient outcomes. The expert clinical nurse at the bedside is the premier faculty to guide the young practitioner in the care of the patient...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353500/how-can-medical-students-add-value-identifying-roles-barriers-and-strategies-to-advance-the-value-of-undergraduate-medical-education-to-patient-care-and-the-health-system
#19
Jed D Gonzalo, Michael Dekhtyar, Richard E Hawkins, Daniel R Wolpaw
PURPOSE: As health systems evolve, the education community is seeking to reimagine student roles that combine learning with meaningful contributions to patient care. The authors sought to identify potential stakeholders regarding the value of student work, and roles and tasks students could perform to add value to the health system, including key barriers and associated strategies to promote value-added roles in undergraduate medical education. METHOD: In 2016, 32 U...
March 28, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329415/the-hand-hygiene-compliance-of-student-nurses-during-clinical-placements
#20
Jorun Saetre Sundal, Anne Grethe Aune, Eline Storvig, Jenny Kristin Aasland, Kaja Linn Fjeldsaeter, Kirsti Torjuul
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To observe student nurses' overall and moment-specific hand hygiene compliance during clinical placement. BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is the single most important measure to prevent healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). However, research has shown low compliance among healthcare workers. During clinical placements, student nurses perform various nursing tasks and procedures to a large number of patients, requiring extensive patient contact. It is crucial that they practice correct hand hygiene in order to prevent healthcare-associated infections...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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