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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784016/goactive-a-protocol-for-the-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-a-school-based-physical-activity-promotion-programme-for-13-14year-old-adolescents
#1
Stephanie T Jong, Helen Elizabeth Brown, Caroline H D Croxson, Paul Wilkinson, Kirsten L Corder, Esther M F van Sluijs
BACKGROUND: Process evaluations are critical for interpreting and understanding outcome trial results. By understanding how interventions function across different settings, process evaluations have the capacity to inform future dissemination of interventions. The complexity of Get others Active (GoActive), a 12-week, school-based physical activity intervention implemented in eight schools, highlights the need to investigate how implementation is achieved across a variety of school settings...
May 21, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781693/collaborative-postgraduate-training-in-family-medicine-and-primary-care-reflections-on-my-visit-to-south-africa
#2
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
This reflection describes my funded visit to South Africa to assist in primary care research capacity building as Chair, WONCA Working Party on Research (WP-R). The trip included time at the Universities of Walter Sisulu, Limpopo and Stellenbosch to mentor postgraduate students working on master's and PhD theses. I held one-on-one and group sessions and ran interactive scientific writing workshops. I assisted with the establishment of a Stellenbosch University Family Physician Research Network of faculty academics and family physicians (FP) which will generate research questions from community stakeholders...
April 26, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780789/a-fundamentals-train-the-trainer-approach-to-building-pediatric-critical-care-expertise-in-the-developing-world
#3
Sheri S Crow, Beth A Ballinger, Mariela Rivera, David Tsibadze, Nino Gakhokidze, Nino Zavrashvili, Matthew J Ritter, Grace M Arteaga
Pediatric Fundamental Critical Care Support (PFCCS) is an educational tool for training non-intensivists, nurses, and critical care practitioners in diverse health-care settings to deal with the acute deterioration of pediatric patients. Our objective was to evaluate the PFCCS course as a tool for developing a uniform, reproducible, and sustainable model for educating local health-care workers in the optimal management of critically ill children in the Republic of Georgia. Over a period of 18 months and four visits to the country, we worked with Georgian pediatric critical care leadership to complete the following tasks: (1) survey health-care needs within the Republic of Georgia, (2) present representative PFCCS lectures and simulation scenarios to evaluate interest and obtain "buy-in" from key stakeholders throughout the Georgian educational infrastructure, and (3) identify PFCCS instructor candidates...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779554/virtual-mentorship-network-to-address-the-rural-shortage-of-mental-health-providers
#4
Heidi Keeler, Tara Sjuts, Kosuke Niitsu, Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Paul Force-Emery Mackie, Howard Liu
INTRODUCTION: The process of identifying effective responses to the challenges of placing and retaining a rural behavioral health workforce remains elusive. The Virtual Mentorship Network was developed to test the feasibility of using distance technology to connect rural students interested in mental health careers with mentors. METHODS: In Year 1, college and high school students were virtually mentored using a near-peer approach both live and asynchronously as a cohort over 7 months...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#5
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777609/evaluation-of-the-clinical-learning-experience-of-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#6
Elena Gurková, Katarína Žiaková
The purpose of the cross-sectional descriptive study was to explore and compare the students' experiences of the clinical environment and supervision in Slovakia. Students' clinical learning experience were measured by the valid and reliable clinical learning instrument. A higher frequency of successful supervisory experience was found in the universities which provided accredited mentor preparation programmes or courses and individualised supervisory approaches. Frequency of supervision meetings, the occupational title of a supervisor and mainly the supervision model have an association with students 'perceptions of different domains of clinical learning environment...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774962/maternal-regulation-of-the-infant-s-hpa-axis-stress-response-seymour-gig-levine-s-legacy-to-neuroendocrinology
#7
REVIEW
Deborah Suchecki
Thirty years ago, Seymour 'Gig' Levine published a serendipitous, yet, seminal finding on the regulatory role of maternal presence on the corticosterone stress response of neonatal rats, during the developmental period know as stress hyporesponsive period. At the same time, his group of students also studied the stress response of infant monkeys to maternal separation, as a means to understand the stressful nature of disruptions of attachment to the primary caregiver. Gig and his group of students and collaborators, mainly in the USA and the Netherlands, investigated how initial social relationships buffer the stress response of non-human primate and rodent infants...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772986/comparing-the-effect-of-preparation-of-the-implant-sites-with-piezosurgery-and-conventional-drilling-on-the-stability-of-implants-at-5-months-follow-up
#8
Sara Soheilifar, Mohsen Bidgoli, Ehsan Houshyar, Maryam Farhadian, Ali Ghamari
The objective of this study was to compare the effects of preparing for implant site osteotomy with conventional drilling or piezosurgery on the stability of oral implants after a 5 month follow-up period. Thirty patients participated in this randomized clinical trial and received two implants in posterior mandible in bone of the same quality. All surgical procedures were performed by the same surgeon. Implant stability amounts were measured by resonance frequency analysis using the Osstell Mentor device and are reported in the format of implant stability quotient (ISQ) values at baseline and 90 and 150 days after surgery...
2018: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#9
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769106/peer-mentor-versus-teacher-delivery-of-a-physical-activity-program-on-the-effects-of-bmi-and-daily-activity-protocol-of-a-school-based-group-randomized-controlled-trial-in-appalachia
#10
Laureen H Smith, Rick L Petosa, Abigail Shoben
BACKGROUND: Rural Appalachian populations have poorer health and fewer positive health-related behaviors compared to other United States populations. Appalachians are the most sedentary U.S. population and teens are particularly sedentary. Obesity prevention through improving physical activity is a top priority in Rural Healthy People 2020. Obesity prevalence among Appalachian teens exceeds the national rates of 13.9% and has consistently been greater than 26%. Organized sports has not been effective at improving daily physical activity or health outcomes for Appalachian teens...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767916/in-depth-knowledge-of-the-role-of-the-clinical-mentor
#11
Claudia Soto Núñez, Lissette Avilés Reinoso, Camila Lucchini Raies, Paz Soto Fuentes
OBJECTIVES: This work sought to unveil the meaning expressed by clinical nurses by being mentors for students from the nursing internship level. METHODS: Phenomenological research. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine clinical nurses from a hospital in Santiago de Chile, who participate as mentors of nursing students in their last stage of university formation. RESULTS: Four comprehensive categories were obtained with their respective units of meaning by nursing: 1) vocation and gratification, 2) personal and professional challenge, 3) big responsibility, and 4) transmission of experience...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764326/why-gerontology-and-geriatrics-can-teach-us-a-lot-about-mentoring
#12
Phillip G Clark
Gerontology, geriatrics, and mentoring have a lot in common. The prototype of this role was Mentor, an older adult in Homer's The Odyssey, who was enlisted to look after Odysseus' son, Telemachus, while his father was away fighting the Trojan War. Portrayed as an older man, the name "mentor" literally means "a man who thinks," which is not a bad characterization generally for faculty members in gerontology! In particular, gerontological and geriatrics education can teach us a lot about the importance of mentoring and provide some critical insights into this role: (1) the importance of interprofessional leadership and modeling, (2) the application of the concept of "grand-generativity" to mentoring, (3) "it takes a community" to be effective in mentoring others, and (4) the need to tailor mentorship styles to the person and the situation...
May 15, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753252/feedback-in-clinical-practice-enhancing-the-students-experience-through-action-research
#13
Elizabeth Adamson, Linda King, Lynn Foy, Margo McLeod, Jennifer Traynor, Wendy Watson, Morag Gray
Feedback within clinical practice is known to be central to the learning and development of student nurses and midwives. A study that focused on student experience of assessment identified that a high proportion of students reported that they had received insufficient feedback whilst on clinical placement. In response to this academics and members of the clinical education team set out to explore this with a view to improving the student experience using action research. Key findings indicated that responsibility for feedback on clinical placement lies with both students and mentors, distinct factors can enable effective feedback and that positive outcomes for mentors and students resulted through engaging with the project...
May 1, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744051/the-academic-surgical-collaborative-a-three-year-review-of-a-trainee-research-collaborative
#14
Thomas E Pidgeon, Charmilie Chandrakumar, Yasser Al Omran, Christopher Limb, Rachel Thavayogan, Buket Gundogan, Kiron Koshy, Amelia White, Alex Fowler, Riaz Agha
Introduction: The Academic Surgical Collaborative (ASC) is a trainee research collaborative (TRC) formed in the UK in October 2014. Three years on, the achievements are presented along with advice for emerging and established TRCs. Methods: A retrospective review of internal, member-maintained ASC records was conducted. Membership numbers, PubMed indexed publications, presentations and prizes awarded were all calculated over time. Google Scholar was used to calculate citations per ASC publication...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739376/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-describing-the-outcomes-of-near-peer-mentoring-programs-for-first-year-medical-students
#15
Olawunmi Akinla, Pamela Hagan, William Atiomo
BACKGROUND: Transition into higher education has been identified as one of the most stressful periods for learners. Interventions targeting the transition phase such as near- peer mentoring might help address some of these challenges. We were however unable to identify a published systematic review of the literature describing outcomes of near-peer mentoring of medical students during the transition phase into medical school. The aim of this paper is to review the literature and describe the outcomes of near-peer mentoring schemes for first-year medical students in the transition phase...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731262/wasp-write-a-scientific-paper-plagiarism-and-the-ethics-of-dealing-with-colleagues
#16
Josanne Vassallo
This paper aims to define and discuss the various forms and degrees of plagiarism. The potential consequences of this particular form of scientific misconduct will be highlighted. The overarching principles in ensuring adherence to research and work ethics are reviewed and the necessity for honesty, objectivity, integrity, respect for intellectual property, confidentiality as well as responsible publication emphasised. The "Publish or Perish" mantra has led to an increasing need for an understanding of the responsibilities related to authorship, acknowledgments and what these encompass...
May 3, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730961/assisting-the-integration-of-social-media-in-problem-based-learning-sessions-in-the-faculty-of-medicine-at-king-abdulaziz-university
#17
Zuhier A Awan, Almuatazbellah A Awan, Lana Alshawwa, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: Issues related to traditional Problem-Based Learning (PBL) at King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Medicine (KAU-FOM), including lack of student interaction between sessions and outdated instructional materials have led to the examining the use of social media. This study examines factors affecting the implementation of social media into PBL sessions Methods: Mentored social media activities were incorporated between PBL sessions to third year medical students. Ground rules were set, and students were kept on track with learning objectives and authentic references...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716582/effects-of-summer-internship-and-follow-up-distance-mentoring-programs-on-middle-and-high-school-student-perceptions-and-interest-in-health-careers
#18
Emma Fernandez-Repollet, Craig Locatis, Wilfredo E De Jesus-Monge, Richard Maisiak, Wei-Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Minorities are underrepresented in health professions and efforts to recruit minority students into health careers are considered a way to reduce health disparities. There is little research about the effectiveness of these programs, other than satisfaction. This study aimed to measure program effects on student understanding of and interest in health careers. METHODS: Students took a career interest inventory, completed a scale measuring their self-reported understanding and interest in health careers, and wrote essays about health careers before and after completing a 1 week on campus internship on health careers and after a 9 month follow up distance mentoring program where they continued to interact with university faculty by videoconference about career options...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710100/achieving-gender-equity-in-physician-compensation-and-career-advancement-a-position-paper-of-the-american-college-of-physicians
#19
Renee Butkus, Joshua Serchen, Darilyn V Moyer, Sue S Bornstein, Susan Thompson Hingle
Women comprise more than one third of the active physician workforce, an estimated 46% of all physicians-in-training, and more than half of all medical students in the United States. Although progress has been made toward gender diversity in the physician workforce, disparities in compensation exist and inequities have contributed to a disproportionately low number of female physicians achieving academic advancement and serving in leadership positions. Women in medicine face other challenges, including a lack of mentors, discrimination, gender bias, cultural environment of the workplace, imposter syndrome, and the need for better work-life integration...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697680/-specialist-s-training-for-laparoscopic-surgery-in-wet-lab-educational-operating-theatre
#20
D A Khubezov, V P Sazhin, A Yu Ogoreltsev, D K Puchkov, S V Rodimov, I S Ignatov, T V Tazina, M A Evsyukova
AIM: To develop system for students training in laparoscopic surgery by using of Wet-lab educational operating theatre. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have launched laparoscopic surgery teaching program for students of Ryazan State Medical University. This system includes several stages. At the first stage professional selection was carried out on 'dry' laparoscopic simulators among III-IV-year students of medical faculty. So, 10 people were selected. The second stage included theoretical and practical parts consisting of development of basic laparoscopic skills on 'dry' simulators...
2018: Khirurgiia
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