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Organ harvest

Pravas Deria, Jierui Yu, Rajesh P Balaraman, Jamil Mashni, Sandra N White
Highly ordered chromophoric linkers positioned within the metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have the potential to mimic natural light-harvesting complexes. Herein we report topological control over the photophysical properties of MOFs via modular interchromophoric electronic coupling to manifest different steady-state singlet emission spectra and their corresponding fluorescence lifetimes.
October 18, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Zahed Shami, Seyed Mojtaba Amininasab, Pegah Shakeri
A straightforward approach was successfully developed to fabricate a well-designed three-dimensional rough sheetlike MgAl-layered double hydroxide (LDH) array to stand vertically on poly(acrylonitrile) porous nanofibrous membranes based on an electrospun-nanofiber-templated in situ hydrothermal strategy, and then the surface was modified with cyclohexanecarboxylic acid. The as-spun highly dense ordered sheetlike LDH porous nanofabric exhibited a superior durability in superhydrophobicity and superoleophilicity, which has achieved high oil-removing capability including both oil harvesting and oil separation to harvest/separate a wide range of organic solvents and oils from an oil-water mixture and, especially, exhibited a very good recycling and reusing performance...
October 17, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bernardo Duarte, Maria Teresa Cabrita, Carla Gameiro, Ana Rita Matos, Rita Godinho, João Carlos Marques, Isabel Caçador
A profound analysis of A. tripolium photochemical traits under salinity exposure is lacking in the literature, with very few references focusing on its fatty acid profile role in photophysiology. To address this, the deep photochemical processes were evaluated by Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) Fluorometry coupled with a discrimination of its leaf fatty acid profile. Plants exposed to 125-250 mM NaCl showed higher photochemical light harvesting efficiencies and lower energy dissipation rates. under higher NaCl exposure, there is evident damage of the oxygen evolving complexes (OECs)...
October 17, 2016: Plant Biology
Sha Xia, Gan Chen, Bo Wang, Yujing Yin, Zhenwei Sun, Jingxiang Zhao, Penglong Li, Lian Zhao, Hong Zhou
RBCs undergo numerous changes during storage and stored RBCs may induce adverse effects, ultimately resulting in organ injury in transfusion recipients. We tested the hypothesis that the addition of SP to stored RBCs would improve the quality of the stored RBCs and mitigate liver injury after transfusion in a murine model. RBCs were harvested from C57BL/6J mice and stored for 14 days in CPDA-1 containing either a solution of SP in saline or saline alone. Haemolysis, the 24-hour posttransfusion recovery, the oxygen-carrying capacity, and the SOD activity of stored RBCs were evaluated...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Gregory J Wright, Matthew C Coombs, R Glenn Hepfer, Brooke J Damon, Thierry H Bacro, Michael K Lecholop, Elizabeth H Slate, Hai Yao
Approximately 30% of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders include degenerative changes to the articular disc, with sex-specific differences in prevalence and severity. Limited tensile biomechanical properties of human TMJ discs have been reported. Stress relaxation tests were conducted on TMJ disc specimens harvested bilaterally from six males and six females (68.9±7.9 years), with step-strain increments of 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 30%, at 1% strain-per-second. Stress versus strain plots were constructed, and Young׳s Modulus, Instantaneous Modulus and Relaxed Modulus were determined...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
X Yuan, C Chen, J Zhou, M Han, X Wang, C Wang, X He
OBJECTIVES: Donors with bacteremia and sepsis are often considered to be controversial for organ retrieval due to potential transmission of an infectious agent to the recipient. Herein we report our initial experience of organ donation and transplantation results from donors with systemic infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to December 2014, 125 cases of donation were completed in our organ procurement organization including 90 cases of donation after brain death (DBD) and 35 cases of donation after circulatory death (DCD)...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Sedat Doğan, Hasmet Yazici, Esin Yalçinkaya, Halil Ibrahim Erdoğdu, Sibel Alicura Tokgöz, Furkan Sarici, Mehmet Namuslu, Yasin Sarikaya
Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of several types of malignant solid tumors but its clinical use is associated with ototoxicity. In the present study, we investigated the effect of selenium administration on lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde [MDA]) and cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats. Healthy wistar albino rats (n = 21) were randomly divided into 3 groups: control (C), cisplatin (Cis), cisplatin and selenium (Cis+Se). Cisplatin was administered for 3 days to Cis and Cis+Se groups...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Laura Calió, Samrana Kazim, Michael Grätzel, Shahzada Ahmad
The pressure to move towards renewable energy has inspired researchers to look for ideas in photovoltaics that may lead to a major breakthrough. Recently the use of perovskites as a light harvester has lead to stunning progress. The power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells is now approaching parity (>22 %) with that of the established technology which took decades to reach this level of performance. The use of a hole transport material (HTM) remains indispensable in perovskite solar cells...
October 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Stefania Pagani, Veronica Borsari, Francesca Veronesi, Andrea Ferrari, Simona Cepollaro, Paola Torricelli, Giuseppe Filardo, Milena Fini
OBJECTIVES: Primarily, to compare the behavior of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow (hBMSCs) and adipose tissue (hADSCs) in an osteoarthritic (OA) microenvironment; secondly, to investigate the reaction of these cell types in two alternative in vitro culture systems, obtained by using TNFα and/or IL1β as inflammation mediators, or by using synovial fluid harvested by OA patients (OSF) to simulate the complex inflamed knee microenvironment. METHODS: 3D micromass cultures of hBMSCs or hADSCs were grown in chondrogenic medium (CTR), in the presence of TNFα and/or IL1β, or synovial fluid from OA patients...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
M A Sandrof, D F Emerich, Chris G Thanos
The choroid plexus (CP) has been explored as a cellular therapeutic due to its broad-ranging secretome and demonstrated longevity in a variety of encapsulation modalities. While the CP organ is normally involved in disease repair processes in the brain, the range of indications that could potentially be ameliorated with exogenous CP therapy is widespread, including diseases of the central nervous system, hearing loss, chronic wounds, and others. The CP can be isolated from animal sources and digested into a highly purified epithelial culture that can withstand encapsulation and transplantation...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Manik Lal Saha, Xuzhou Yan, Peter J Stang
Over the past couple of decades, coordination-driven self-assembly has evolved as a broad multidisciplinary domain that not only covers the syntheses of aesthetically pleasing supramolecular architectures but also emerges as a method to form new optical materials, chemical sensors, theranostic agents, and compounds with light-harvesting and emissive properties. The majority of these applications depend upon investigations that reveal the photophysical nature and electronic structure of supramolecular coordination complexes (SCCs), including two-dimensional (2D) metallacycles and three-dimensional (3D) metallacages...
October 13, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Natasha M Khatri, Michele H Pablico-Lansigan, William L Boncher, Julie E Mertzman, Aura C Labatete, Laura M Grande, Donald Wunder, Michael J Prushan, Weiguo Zhang, P Shiv Halasyamani, Jorge H S K Monteiro, Ana de Bettencourt-Dias, Sarah L Stoll
The syntheses, structures, and luminescence properties of a series of copper(I) halide coordination polymers, prepared with mono- and bidentate N-heteroaromatic ligands, are reported. These metal-organic coordination networks form [Cu2I2L]n for bidentate ligands (where L = pyrazine (1), quinazoline (2)) and [CuIL]n for monodentate ligands (where L = 3-benzoylpyridine (3) and 4-benzoylpyridine(4)). Both sets of compounds exhibit a double-stranded stair-Cu2I2-polymer, or "ladder" structure with the ligand coordinating to the metal in a bidentate (bridging two stairs) or monodentate mode...
October 13, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Manan Sharma, Russell Reynnells
Biological soil amendments (BSAs) such as manure and compost are frequently used as organic fertilizers to improve the physical and chemical properties of soils. However, BSAs have been known to be a reservoir for enteric bacterial pathogens such as enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), Salmonella spp., and Listeria spp. There are numerous mechanisms by which manure may transfer pathogens to growing fruits and vegetables, and several outbreaks of infections have been linked to manure-related contamination of leafy greens...
August 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
Dariusz M Niedzwiedzki, Christopher Neil Hunter, Robert E Blankenship
Carotenoids are a class of natural pigments present in all phototrophic organisms, mainly in their light-harvesting proteins in which they play roles of accessory light absorbers and photoprotectors. Extensive time-resolved spectroscopic studies of these pigments have revealed unexpectedly complex photophysical properties, particularly for carotenoids in light-harvesting LH2 complexes from purple bacteria. An ambiguous, optically forbidden electronic excited state designated as S* has been postulated to be involved in carotenoid excitation relaxation and in an alternative carotenoid-to-bacteriochlorophyll energy transfer pathway, as well as being a precursor of the carotenoid triplet state...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Penelope H Dobrowsky, Sehaam Khan, Thomas E Cloete, Wesaal Khan
BACKGROUND: Legionella spp. employ multiple strategies to adapt to stressful environments including the proliferation in protective biofilms and the ability to form associations with free-living amoeba (FLA). The aim of the current study was to identify Legionella spp., Acanthamoeba spp., Vermamoeba (Hartmannella) vermiformis and Naegleria fowleri that persist in a harvested rainwater and solar pasteurization treatment system. METHODS: Pasteurized (45 °C, 65 °C, 68 °C, 74 °C, 84 °C and 93 °C) and unpasteurized tank water samples were screened for Legionella spp...
October 10, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Marie Okumura, Yoshiko Fujitani, Masahiko Maekawa, Jittima Charoenpanich, Hunja Murage, Kazuhide Kimbara, Nurettin Sahin, Akio Tani
Methylobacterium species are methylotrophic bacteria that widely inhabit plant surfaces. In addition to studies on methylotrophs as model organisms, research has also been conducted on their mechanism of plant growth promotion as well as the species-species specificity of plant-microbe interaction. We employed whole-cell matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (WC-MS) analysis, which enables the rapid and accurate identification of bacteria at the species level, to identify Methylobacterium isolates collected from the rice seeds of different cultivars harvested in Japan, Thailand, and Kenya...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
F Hénon, J Le Nobin, A Ouzzane, A Villers, G Strecker, S Bouyé
OBJECTIVES: Report the reasons that lead families to refuse organ donation during their close solicitation by hospital coordination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between 2012 and 2015, including 148 (34%) refusal of organ donation among 426 patients identified in a state of brain death. A questionnaire of the family was completed for each interview. Collected data concerned patient characteristics, cause of death, description of the interview and reasons for refusal...
October 4, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
E Taschen, F Rousset, M Sauve, L Benoit, M-P Dubois, F Richard, M-A Selosse
The life cycles and dispersal of edible fungi are still poorly known, thus limiting our understanding of their evolution and domestication. The prized Tuber melanosporum produces fruitbodies (fleshy organs where meiospores mature) gathered in natural, spontaneously inoculated forests or harvested in plantations of nursery-inoculated trees. Yet, how fruitbodies are formed remains unclear, thus limiting yields, and how current domestication attempts affect population genetic structure is overlooked. Fruitbodies result from mating between two haploid individuals: the maternal parent forms the flesh and the meiospores, while the paternal parent only contributes to the meiospores...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Ecology
Nhat Truong Nguyen, Selda Ozkan, Imgon Hwang, Anca Mazare, Patrik Schmuki
In the present work we grow self-organized TiO2 nanotube arrays with a defined and controlled regular spacing between individual nanotubes. These defined intertube gaps allow one to build up hierarchical 1D-branched structures, conformally coated on the nanotube walls using a layer by layer nanoparticle TiO2 decoration of the individual tubes, i.e. having not only a high control over the TiO2 nanotube host structure but also on the harvesting layers. After optimizing the intertube spacing, we build host-guest arrays that show a drastically enhanced performance in photocatalytic H2 generation, compared to any arrangement of conventional TiO2 nanotubes or conventional TiO2 nanoparticle layers...
September 29, 2016: Nanoscale
Manuel Salado, Laura Calio, Rüdiger Berger, Samrana Kazim, Shahzada Ahmad
Lead halide based perovskite solar cells are presently the flagship among the third generation solution-processed photovoltaic technologies. The organic cation part in the perovskite plays an important role in terms of crystal structure tuning from tetragonal to trigonal or pseudocubic or vice versa depending on the organic cations used, while it also displays different microstructure. In this paper, we demonstrate the influence of the organic cation part with respect to optical properties, hysteresis behavior, and stability...
October 5, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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