Read by QxMD icon Read

Mucinous cyst of the ovary

Amish Lakhani, Sairah R Khan, Nishat Bharwani, Victoria Stewart, Andrea G Rockall, Sameer Khan, Tara D Barwick
The role of whole-body positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) with fluorodeoxyglucose ( FDG fluorodeoxyglucose ) is now established in the assessment of many gynecologic and genitourinary malignant tumors. FDG fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT has been widely adopted for staging assessments in patients with suspected advanced disease, in cases of suspected disease recurrence, and for determining prognosis in a number of malignancies. A number of pitfalls are commonly encountered when reviewing FDG fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT scans in gynecologic and genitourinary cases; these pitfalls can be classified into those that yield potential false-positive or false-negative results...
March 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Sanjeet Roy, Sramana Mukhopadhayay, Mayank Gupta, Anuradha Chandramohan
Mature cystic teratoma co-existing with a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma is an infrequently encountered entity with only a handful of cases reported till date. The possibilities in such a case are either a malignant transformation of a benign teratoma into adenocarcinoma or a collision tumor between a mature cystic teratoma and a mucinous tumour of either a primary ovarian surface epithelial-stromal origin or a secondary from a primary gastrointestinal tract tumour. The importance of distinguishing between the two entities has significant bearing on subsequent therapeutic management...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
W Glenn McCluggage, Leora Witkowski, Blaise A Clarke, William D Foulkes
AIMS: The histogenesis and cell lineage of small cell carcinoma of the ovary of hypercalcaemic type (SCCOHT) is unknown. We aim to provide evidence that this may be a primitive germ cell neoplasm arising from a teratoma. METHODS/ RESULTS: Following the identification of two cases of SCCOHT associated with germ cell tumours (one dermoid cyst, one immature teratoma with a focus of yolk sac tumour), we undertook a literature review to look for any prior reports of SCCOHT in association with other neoplasms or elements...
January 28, 2017: Histopathology
Luis Z Blanco, Elisabetta Kuhn, Jane C Morrison, Asli Bahadirli-Talbott, Anne Smith-Sehdev, Robert J Kurman
Epithelial ovarian tumors are responsive to steroid hormone stimulation and the ovarian stroma may have a direct role in this process. We evaluated immunohistochemical markers of sex-steroid differentiation and steroidogenesis (calretinin, inhibin, steroidogenic factor 1), steroid enzymes involved in hormone biosynthesis (CYP17, CYP19, HSD17β1, AKR1C3), and hormone receptors (estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and androgen receptor) in 101 epithelial ovarian tumors and in normal structures implicated in ovarian carcinogenesis (ovarian surface epithelium and cortical inclusion cysts) in an attempt to elucidate this process...
April 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Masayuki Kashiwagi, Mio Takayama, Tomoko Sugimura, Aya Matsusue, Kenji Hara, Brian Waters, Shin-Ichi Kubo
A female in her thirties fell face down in her room. She was motionless when her sister found her. She was transported to the hospital by ambulance and was in a state of cardiopulmonary arrest on admission. She did not respond to resuscitation. Her abdomen had started to swell 3years before her death. An autopsy was performed to clarify the decedent's cause of death. She was 172cm tall and weighed 146kg. Her maximum abdominal girth was 172.1cm. A subcutaneous hemorrhage measuring 4.5cm in diameter was observed in the epigastric region...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
Vera Vavinskaya, Joel M Baumgartner, Albert Ko, Cheryl C Saenz, Mark A Valasek
Primary appendiceal mucinous lesions are uncommon and represent a spectrum from nonneoplastic mucous retention cysts to invasive adenocarcinoma. Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMNs) represent an intermediate category on this spectrum and can be classified according to whether or not they are confined to the appendix. Although LAMNs are frequently confined to the appendix, they can also spread to the peritoneum and clinically progress as pseudomyxoma peritonei (i.e., mucinous ascites). Thus, the appropriate classification of appendiceal primary neoplasia is essential for prognosis and influences clinical management...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
S X Tang, Y H Sun, Y Xu, X R Zhou, W T Yang
Objective: To elucidate the clinicopathologic characteristics, immunophenotype and differential diagnosis of ovarian seromucinous carcinoma. Methods: The clinical and pathological characteristics of 7 cases of ovarian seromucinous carcinoma were analyzed. Immunohistochemical study of selected markers was performed employing the EnVision method. Literature of ovarian seromucinous carcinoma were also reviewed. Results: The age of the 7 ovarian seromucinous carcinoma patients ranged from 27 to 70 years of age (mean=48 years)...
November 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Rabia Ahmed, Hafeez Ud Din, Shoaib Naiyar Hashmi, Iqbal Muhammad
A 37-year female presented with complaint of lower abdominal pain and amenorrhoea to the Military Hospital, Rawalpindi. Ultrasound of pelvis showed a right adnexal cystic lesion. On investigation, CA-125 was raised. Her MRI scan of pelvis revealed a right adnexal mass of fluid intensity measuring 15.2 x 12.9 x 9.2 cm. Right ovarian cystectomy was performed and the specimen was sent for histopathological examination. Grossly, the mass was cystic in appearance and measured 13.5 x 10 x 10 cm. On sectioning, it was unilocular and filled with turbid material...
May 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Rajshree Dayanand Katke
Giant cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary are rarely described. Huge ovarian masses are mostly benign, but malignancy should be ruled out by investigations and clinical assessment. Giant cysts require resection because of compressive symptoms or risk of malignancy and their management invariably requires laparotomy to prevent perforation and spillage of the cyst fluid into peritoneal cavity. Here, we present a case of a 42-year-old female with severe and rapidly growing abdominal distension operated for exploratory laparotomy for cystic mass excision...
January 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
X R Zhang, L L Ding, R Tang, Y Sheng, Y Y Qin, Z J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of previous cystectomy for ovary benign cyst on ovarian reserve and pregnancy outcome in in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET) cycles. METHODS: Totally 622 infertility patients were retrospectively investigated who underwent first IVF/ICSI-ET cycle in Reproductive Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from January 2013 to June 2014. There were 153 cases who had been removed ovarian cyst by cystectomy surgeries recruited as study group, in which 44 cases of ovarian endometriosis cyst, 35 cases of benign ovarian teratomas, 67 cases of simple ovarian cyst and 7 cases of ovarian mucinous cystadenoma...
March 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Atif Ali Hashmi, Samreen Naz, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Syed Danish Hussain, Shazia Mumtaz, Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Ovarian neoplasms are a heterogeneous group of tumors including surface epithelial, germ cell and sex cord stromal tumors with a subset having low malignant potential (borderline tumors). While the surgical management plan differs in different categories of tumors, preoperative diagnosis is seldom available. In these circumstances, the role of frozen section becomes invaluable. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the frozen section of ovarian tumors in our setup...
March 31, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Seok Youn Lee, Weon Cheol Han
Mucinous cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas of the ovary are clinically and histopathologically well-established common tumors. However, primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystic tumors are extremely rare, and although their histopathogenesis is still uncertain, several theories have been proposed. Most authors suggest that they develop through mucinous metaplasia in a preexisting mesothelium-lined cyst. An accurate preoperative diagnosis of these tumors is difficult because no effective diagnostic measures have been established...
February 2016: Annals of Coloproctology
David H Mvunta, Tsutomu Miyamoto, Ryoichi Asaka, Yasushi Yamada, Hirofumi Ando, Shotaro Higuchi, Koichi Ida, Hiroyasu Kashima, Tanri Shiozawa
Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), originally identified as a longevity gene, regulates DNA repair and metabolism by deacetylating target proteins such as p53. SIRT1 plays a key role in the pathophysiology of metabolic diseases and neurodegenerative disorders, and is considered to protect against age-related diseases including cancer. In contrast, SIRT1 may be oncogenic because its overexpression has been detected in many cancers. The aim of the present study was to clarify the expression and the role of SIRT1 in ovarian carcinoma (OvCa)...
February 9, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Filiz Fusun Bolukbas, Cengiz Bolukbas, Yavuz Furuncuoglu, Babek Tabandeh, Filiz Yarimcam Saglam, Gokmen Iyigun, Taner Orug, Ali Ozcan, Ozlem Yapicier
Cystic abdominal tumours are encountered quite often and are diagnosed more frequently due to the availability of better imaging possibilities. Presentation of huge cysts has become rare as most of them are diagnosed and treated early. But we still have patients with enlarged abdominal cysts; majority with cases of serous cystadenomas of the ovary. Absolute diagnosis is only possible with laparotomy and histopathological findings. In this report, seven patients with enlarged gynaecological or mesenteric cystic masses and gastroenterological symptoms are reported...
February 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
R Poudel, A Acharya, S Pokhrel, S K Adhikari
Mucinous cystic neoplasms are rare tumors of uncertain histogenesis. They arise from the ovaries, pancreas, and other intra-abdominal sites but more unusually from the mesentery. They can present with abdominal pain, distension, or a palpable mass but are commonly an incidental finding. We present a case of a 33-year-old female who presented with complain of pain abdomen for one-year duration. On Physical examination there was a palpable lump in right lumbar region extending to right iliac fossa. CT scan of abdomen and pelvis suggested the mass to be a Mesenteric Cyst...
April 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Binny Khandakar, Soumit Dey, Prasenjit Sen Ray, Ranu Sarkar, Palas Bhattacharyya
Ectopic adrenal cortex is a rare entity. Usually found in male children; commonly located around kidney, retroperitoneum, spermatic cord and para-testicular region. Rarely, adults with heterotopic adrenal glands are described. Incidence in females is very less; though sometimes detected accidentally in hysterectomy specimens. We describe a case of ectopic adrenal cortical cell in paratubal region in a patient with mucinous cyst adenoma of ovary. A 26-year-old female presented with complains of menstrual irregularities and abdominal discomfort for 6 months...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Prachi Kukreja, Sunil Kumar Yeshvanth, Teerthanath Shrinivas, Tanu Agrawal, Jayaprakash K Shetty
Co-existence of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma with mature cystic teratoma in the same ovary is very rare. We report a case in a 48-year-old female who presented with left abdominal mass. CT scan revealed a heterogeneous enhancing left ovarian mass lesion. Clinical diagnosis of complex ovarian cyst was made, later underwent laparotomy and histologically diagnosed as mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (grade 2) co-existing with benign cystic teratoma, stage Ia (FIGO) of the left ovary. Six months after surgery, the patient is doing well without any recurrence or metastasis...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
S Ates, O Sevket, S Sudolmus, F C Sonmez, R Dansuk
The authors report a case of 25-year-old women with a rare acute presentation of granulosa cell tumor (GCT) as an ovarian torsion. Right salpingoo-ooferectomy was performed. The pathological diagnosis was GCT One month after the surgery there was a three-cm ovarian cyst in the contralateral ovary and the tumor size increased to six cm in diameter in the following month. Serum inhibin-B levels progressively increased. Cystectomy was performed to contralateral ovary as frozen-section examination indicated mucinous tumor...
2015: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
A Wincewicz, P Lewitowicz, O Adamczyk-Gruszka, S Sulkowski, L Kanczuga-Koda, M Koda
Combined ovarian tumors are found in common pathologic practice due to amazing potential of ovarian tissue to copy almost every tissue of human body and imitate many neoplasms of various other organs in a very flexible way. A multicystic tumor is presented in this case report of 35-year-old woman. It consisted of a cyst with sebum and hair and cavities with papillomatous projections and mucus. The ovarian tumor was diagnosed a mature cystic teratoma presenting mainly as dermoid cyst and mucinous adenocarcinoma in situ, arising within atypical proliferative mucinous tumor...
2015: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
H Paraskevakou, S Orfanos, T Diamantis, A Konstantinidou, E Patsouris
BACKGROUND: Primary retroperitoneal mucinous cystadenoma is a rare neoplasm, with benign biological behavior. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of this tumor may be fatal for the patient, because of complications, such as rupture, infection and malignant transformation. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 23-year-old woman, who was admitted to the hospital because of a palpable abdominal mass and discomfort since 4 months. Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans were performed and showed two retroperitoneal cystic masses, which were excised by laparoscopy...
July 2014: Hippokratia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"