keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

World Health Organization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228090/epstein-barr-virus-positive-extranodal-marginal-zone-lymphoma-of-bronchial-associated-lymphoid-tissue-in-the-posttransplant-setting-an-immunodeficiency-related-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder
#1
Daniel P Cassidy, Francisco Vega, Jennifer R Chapman
Objectives: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) are a heterogeneous group of hematolymphoid proliferations arising in the context of chronic immunosuppression. The common and indolent B-cell lymphomas, including extranodal marginal zone lymphomas (ENMZLs) of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), are excluded from the category of PTLD in the current World Health Organization classification. Methods: We report a case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive bronchial-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma involving the lungs of a transplant patient...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228085/immunolocalization-of-cd163-tumor-associated-macrophages-and-symmetric-proliferation-of-ki-67-as-biomarkers-to-differentiate-new-different-grades-of-laryngeal-dysplasia
#2
Caili Su, Shuangshuang Jia, Honggang Liu
Objectives: To evaluate CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), Ki-67, and cyclin D1 to differentiate laryngeal dysplasia in the 2017 World Health Organization classification. Methods: Immunohistochemistry for CD163, Ki-67, and cyclin D1 was performed using paraffin-embedded specimens. CD163+ TAMs infiltrating the epithelium were estimated. Ki-67 and cyclin D1 were evaluated in four parts of the epithelium-basal, parabasal, middle third, and upper third layers...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228024/detection-of-duo-schistosome-infection-from-filtered-urine-samples-from-school-children-in-zambia-after-mda
#3
Megan J Hessler, Austin Cyrs, Steven C Krenzke, El Shaimaa Mahmoud, Chummy Sikasunge, James Mwansa, Nilanjan Lodh
Schistosomiasis is one of the major Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) in sub-Saharan Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, two major human schistosome species namely Schistosoma mansoni and S. haematobium often occur sympatrically largely affecting children. Recognizing the public health impact of Schistosomiasis, the World Health Organization (WHO) is urging member states to regularly treat at least 75% and up to 100%, of all school-aged children at risk of morbidity. For control strategies based on targeted mass drug administration (MDA) to succeed it is essential to have a simple and sensitive test for monitoring the success of these interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227257/world-and-national-experience-in-organization-of-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
А Biduchak, Zh Chornenka
The aim of the study was to examine the global, European and national experience in the implementation of preventive programs and to reveal their value in health, economy and social health development. The conducted research has found that the implementation of the national program, the correct methodological approach of the physician to evaluate risk factors, and implementing preventive measures of diseases of the circulatory system bring positive results (reduction of prevalence and incidence of cerebral stroke by 13,7% and 1,4%, respectively)...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226959/larvivorous-fish-for-preventing-malaria-transmission
#5
REVIEW
Deirdre P Walshe, Paul Garner, Ahmed A Adeel, Graham H Pyke, Thomas R Burkot
BACKGROUND: Adult female Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Some fish species eat mosquito larvae and pupae. In disease control policy documents, the World Health Organization (WHO) includes biological control of malaria vectors by stocking ponds, rivers, and water collections near where people live with larvivorous fish to reduce Plasmodium parasite transmission. In the past, the Global Fund has financed larvivorous fish programmes in some countries, and, with increasing efforts in eradication of malaria, policymakers may return to this option...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226949/thrombolysis-for-acute-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#6
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: About 5% to 10% of all deep vein thromboses occur in the upper extremities. Serious complications of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis, such as post-thrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism, may in theory be avoided using thrombolysis. No systematic review has assessed the effects of thrombolysis for the treatment of individuals with acute upper extremity deep vein thrombosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and harmful effects of thrombolysis for the treatment of individuals with acute upper extremity deep vein thrombosis...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226604/an-international-qualitative-study-of-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-the-world-health-organization-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework
#7
Soheil Mahdi, Marisa Viljoen, Tamara Yee, Melissa Selb, Nidhi Singhal, Omar Almodayfer, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Sven Bölte
This is the third in a series of four empirical studies designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The present study aimed to describe functioning in ASD (as operationalized by the ICF) derived from the perspectives of diagnosed individuals, family members, and professionals. A qualitative study using focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 stakeholder groups (N = 90) from Canada, India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and Sweden...
December 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226448/better-measurement-for-performance-improvement-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-primary-health-care-performance-initiative-phcpi-experience-of-conceptual-framework-development-and-indicator-selection
#8
Jeremy Veillard, Krycia Cowling, Asaf Bitton, Hannah Ratcliffe, Meredith Kimball, Shannon Barkley, Laure Mercereau, Ethan Wong, Chelsea Taylor, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Hong Wang
Policy Points: Strengthening accountability through better measurement and reporting is vital to ensure progress in improving quality primary health care (PHC) systems and achieving universal health coverage (UHC). The Primary Health Care Performance Initiative (PHCPI) provides national decision makers and global stakeholders with opportunities to benchmark and accelerate performance improvement through better performance measurement. Results from the initial PHC performance assessments in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are helping guide PHC reforms and investments and improve the PHCPI's instruments and indicators...
December 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226302/international-union-of-immunological-societies-2017-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases-committee-report-on-inborn-errors-of-immunity
#9
Capucine Picard, H Bobby Gaspar, Waleed Al-Herz, Aziz Bousfiha, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Talal Chatila, Yanick J Crow, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles, Amos Etzioni, Jose Luis Franco, Steven M Holland, Christoph Klein, Tomohiro Morio, Hans D Ochs, Eric Oksenhendler, Jennifer Puck, Mimi L K Tang, Stuart G Tangye, Troy R Torgerson, Kathleen E Sullivan
Beginning in 1970, a committee was constituted under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO) to catalog primary immunodeficiencies. Twenty years later, the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) took the remit of this committee. The current report details the categorization and listing of 354 (as of February 2017) inborn errors of immunity. The growth and increasing complexity of the field have been impressive, encompassing an increasing variety of conditions, and the classification described here will serve as a critical reference for immunologists and researchers worldwide...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226171/antimicrobial-resistance-of-sterile-site-infections-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#10
Meklit Workneh, Morgan J Katz, Mohammed Lamorde, Sara E Cosgrove, Yukari C Manabe
Sparse data exist from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). A prior review of antimicrobial resistance in SSA from 1990 to 2013 showed a high prevalence of AMR to commonly used antibiotics in this setting. We reviewed the literature published since 2013. Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, and African Journals Online) were searched for articles between February 2013 and March 2016 with a focus on sterile site infections (bacteremia, urinary tract infections [UTIs], and meningitis)...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226065/challenges-and-opportunities-in-studying-the-epidemiology-of-ovarian-cancer-subtypes
#11
Jennifer Anne Doherty, Lauren Cole Peres, Chen Wang, Gregory P Way, Casey S Greene, Joellen M Schildkraut
Purpose of review: Only recently has it become clear that epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is comprised of such distinct histotypes--with different cells of origin, morphology, molecular features, epidemiologic factors, clinical features, and survival patterns-that they can be thought of as different diseases sharing an anatomical location. Herein, we review opportunities and challenges in studying EOC heterogeneity. Recent findings: The 2014 World Health Organization diagnostic guidelines incorporate accumulated evidence that high- and low-grade serous tumors have different underlying pathogenesis, and that, on the basis of shared molecular features, most high grade tumors, including some previously classified as endometrioid, are now considered to be high-grade serous...
September 2017: Current Epidemiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226006/next-generation-quality-assessing-the-physician-in-clinical-history-completeness-and-diagnostic-interpretations-using-funnel-plots-and-normalized-deviations-plots-in-3-854-prostate-biopsies
#12
Michael Bonert, Ihab El-Shinnawy, Michael Carvalho, Phillip Williams, Samih Salama, Damu Tang, Anil Kapoor
Background: Observational data and funnel plots are routinely used outside of pathology to understand trends and improve performance. Objective: Extract diagnostic rate (DR) information from free text surgical pathology reports with synoptic elements and assess whether inter-rater variation and clinical history completeness information useful for continuous quality improvement (CQI) can be obtained. Methods: All in-house prostate biopsies in a 6-year period at two large teaching hospitals were extracted and then diagnostically categorized using string matching, fuzzy string matching, and hierarchical pruning...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225778/zika-virus-reservoirs-implications-for-transmission-future-outbreaks-drug-and-vaccine-development
#13
REVIEW
Raj Kalkeri, Krishna K Murthy
Zika virus (ZIKV) was recently declared as a 'Global Health Emergency' by the World Health Organization. Various tissue reservoirs of ZIKV in infected humans and animals models have been observed, the implications of which are not known. Compared to other Flaviviruses, sexual transmission and persistence in the genitourinary tract seem to be unique to ZIKV. ZIKV persistence and shedding in bodily secretions (e.g. saliva, semen) is a concern for potential disease spread and could pose challenges in diagnosis, regulatory guidelines and drug/vaccine development...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224996/cost-effectiveness-of-the-non-laboratory-based-framingham-algorithm-in-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-simulated-analysis-of-a-cohort-of-african-american-adults
#14
Jacob K Kariuki, Philimon Gona, Suzanne G Leveille, Eileen M Stuart-Shor, Laura L Hayman, Jerry Cromwell
The non-lab Framingham algorithm, which substitute body mass index for lipids in the laboratory based (lab-based) Framingham algorithm, has been validated among African Americans (AAs). However, its cost-effectiveness and economic tradeoffs have not been evaluated. This study examines the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of two cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention programs guided by the non-lab versus lab-based Framingham algorithm. We simulated the World Health Organization CVD prevention guidelines on a cohort of 2690 AA participants in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort...
December 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224963/meeting-report-initial-world-health-organization-consultation-on-herpes-simplex-virus-hsv-vaccine-preferred-product-characteristics-march-2017
#15
Sami L Gottlieb, Birgitte K Giersing, Julian Hickling, Rebecca Jones, Carolyn Deal, David C Kaslow
The development of vaccines against herpes simplex virus (HSV) is an important global goal for sexual and reproductive health. A key priority to advance development of HSV vaccines is the definition of preferred product characteristics (PPCs), which provide strategic guidance on World Health Organization (WHO) preferences for new vaccines, specifically from a low- and middle-income country (LMIC) perspective. To start the PPC process for HSV vaccines, the WHO convened a global stakeholder consultation in March 2017, to define the priority public health needs that should be addressed by HSV vaccines and discuss the key considerations for HSV vaccine PPCs, particularly for LMICs...
December 7, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#16
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222834/effects-of-a-music-creation-programme-on%C3%A2-the-anxiety-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-quasi-experimental-design
#17
Beh-Huan Chang, Bo-Wei Chen, Jason W Beckstead, Chiu-Yueh Yang
Many studies have shown that music therapy improves patients' symptoms. However, interventions using music creation as their core await further development for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study investigated the effect of a music-creation programme on the anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life of patients with SMI. A quasi-experimental design using convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients with SMI from a psychiatric day care centre. Participants were grouped based on their willingness to undergo an intervention (26 patients in the experimental group and 23 patients in the control group)...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222268/tailoring-front-line-therapy-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-who-should-we-treat-differently
#18
REVIEW
Andrew Davies
Although there have been significant insights into the biology of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) over recent years, progress in our therapeutic approach has been disappointing over the same timeframe. This is not for want of trying. In 2017, R-CHOP (rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) remains the "gold standard," despite all of our insights into cell-of-origin and other subgroups. We have traditionally used clinical risk factors to tailor our therapies and have tested intensification of chemotherapy with little success...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222080/the-12-item-self-report-world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-whodas-2-0-administered-via-the-internet-to-individuals-with-anxiety-and-stress-disorders-a-psychometric-investigation-based-on-data-from-two-clinical-trials
#19
Erland Axelsson, Elin Lindsäter, Brjánn Ljótsson, Erik Andersson, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) is a widespread measure of disability and functional impairment, which is bundled with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) for use in psychiatry. Administering psychometric scales via the Internet is an effective way to reach respondents and allow for convenient handling of data. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the psychometric properties of the 12-item self-report WHODAS 2...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221895/report-on-eighth-who-meeting-on-development-of-influenza-vaccines-that-induce-broadly-protective-and-long-lasting-immune-responses-chicago-usa-23-24-august-2016
#20
Justin R Ortiz, Julian Hickling, Rebecca Jones, Armen Donabedian, Othmar G Engelhardt, Jacqueline M Katz, Shabir A Madhi, Kathleen M Neuzil, Guus F Rimmelzwaan, James Southern, David J Spiro, Joachim Hombach
In August 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened the "Eighth meeting on development of influenza vaccines that induce broadly protective and long-lasting immune responses" to discuss the regulatory requirements and pathways for licensure of next-generation influenza vaccines, and to identify areas where WHO can promote the development of such vaccines. Participants included approximately 120 representatives of academia, the vaccine industry, research and development funders, and regulatory and public health agencies...
December 5, 2017: Vaccine
keyword
keyword
41895
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"