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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350711/physical-activity-and-lifetime-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer
#1
Yasuhiko Kubota, Kelly R Evenson, Richard F MacLehose, Nicholas S Roetker, Corinne E Joshu, Aaron R Folsom
PURPOSE: Although the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) and some cancers, there are no estimates of lifetime risk of these non-communicable diseases according to PA levels. We aimed to estimate the lifetime risk of CVD and cancers according to PA levels. METHODS: We followed 5,807 men and 7,252 women in the U.S. age 45-64 initially free of CVD and cancer from 1987 through 2012, and used a life table approach to estimate lifetime risks of CVD (coronary heart disease, heart failure and stroke) and total cancer according to PA levels: poor (0 minutes/week of MVPA), intermediate (1-74 minutes/week of VPA or 1-149 minutes/week of MVPA) or recommended (≥75 minutes/week of VPA or ≥150 minutes/week of MVPA)...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350689/spheno-orbital-meningiomas-an-analysis-based-on-world-health-organization-classification-and-ki-67-proliferative-index
#2
Irina Belinsky, Ann P Murchison, James J Evans, David W Andrews, Christopher J Farrell, James P Casey, Mark T Curtis, Kamila A Nowak Choi, Maria Werner-Wasik, Jurij R Bilyk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical behavior of spheno-orbital meningiomas with regard to World Health Organization (WHO) tumor grade and Ki-67, a cellular marker of proliferation. METHODS: A retrospective review over a 16-year period of the demographic, clinical, radiographic, and surgical data of all patients with spheno-orbital meningioma who underwent surgical resection. Tumor specimens were examined histologically using the current WHO 2016 classification and immunohistochemically using Ki-67/MIB-1 monoclonal antibody...
March 27, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346562/joint-association-of-obesity-and-hypertension-with-disability-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-study-of-residents-in-shanghai-china
#3
P Su, H Ding, W Zhang, G Duan, Y Yang, J Long, L Du, C Xie, C Jin, C Hu, Z Sun, Z Duan, L Gong, W Tian
BACKGROUND: Although both obesity and hypertension are known risk factors for disability, the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability is unknown. This paper is aim to examine the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 8060 elderly community-dwelling individuals participating in the survey initiated by Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission from March to September 2013...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346504/diagnostic-accuracy-of-two-multiplex-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-assays-for-the-diagnosis-of-meningitis-in-children-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#4
Jermaine Khumalo, Mark Nicol, Diana Hardie, Rudzani Muloiwa, Phindile Mteshana, Colleen Bamford
INTRODUCTION: Accurate etiological diagnosis of meningitis is important, but difficult in resource-limited settings due to prior administration of antibiotics and lack of viral diagnostics. We aimed to develop and validate 2 real-time multiplex PCR (RT-PCR) assays for the detection of common causes of community-acquired bacterial and viral meningitis in South African children. METHODS: We developed 2 multiplex RT- PCRs for detection of S. pneumoniae, N. meningitidis, H...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345562/definition-of-blindness-under-national-programme-for-control-of-blindness-do-we-need-to-revise-it
#5
Praveen Vashist, Suraj Singh Senjam, Vivek Gupta, Noopur Gupta, Atul Kumar
A review appropriateness of the current definition of blindness under National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB), Government of India. Online search of peer-reviewed scientific published literature and guidelines using PubMed, the World Health Organization (WHO) IRIS, and Google Scholar with keywords, namely blindness and visual impairment, along with offline examination of reports of national and international organizations, as well as their cross-references was done until December 2016, to identify relevant documents on the definition of blindness...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345245/pain-depressive-symptoms-and-medication-in-german-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-linking-patient-reported-outcomes-with-claims-data-for-health-services-research-in-rheumatology-proclair-study
#6
Kathrin Jobski, Andres Luque Ramos, Katinka Albrecht, Falk Hoffmann
PURPOSE: Pain and depressive symptoms are common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Information on the prevalence and treatment of both conditions in German RA patients is scarce. METHODS: Using data from a nationwide statutory health insurance fund (BARMER GEK), 6193 RA patients aged 18 to 79 years were provided with a questionnaire covering a variety of items such as demographics, medical condition and quality of life in 2015. Pain caused by the joint disorder (11-point scale) was classified as none existent/mild, moderate or severe...
March 26, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344970/an-urgent-call-for-the-renaissance-of-the-world-health-organization-needed-now-more-than-ever-before
#7
Luchuo Engelbert Bain, Ikenna Desmond Ebuenyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344900/temporal-patterns-and-geographic-heterogeneity-of-zika-virus-zikv-outbreaks-in-french-polynesia-and-central-america
#8
Ying-Hen Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in 67 countries/territories in the Oceania region and the Americas since 2015, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare ZIKV as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in February 2016, due to its strong association with medical complications such as microcephaly and Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS). However, a substantial gap in knowledge still exists regarding differing temporal pattern and potential of transmission of ZIKV in different regions of the world...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344815/occupational-exposure-to-sharps-injury-among-healthcare-providers-in-ethiopia-regional-hospitals
#9
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Getaneh Baye Mulu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Kefyalew Dagne Gizachew
BACKGROUND: Sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. According to World Health Organization pooled estimate, the annual incidence of sharps injury in Africa was ranged from 2.10 to 4.68 per person per year, but research data in Ethiopia is limited. The aim of the study was to investigate sharps injury prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 healthcare providers (HCP) in Northeast Ethiopia...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344507/patients-experience-of-using-primary-care-services-in-the-context-of-indonesian-universal-health-coverage-reforms
#10
Fitriana Murriya Ekawati, Mora Claramita, Krishna Hort, John Furler, Sharon Licqurish, Jane Gunn
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation on universal coverage has been implemented in Indonesia as Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN). It was designed to provide people with equitable and high-quality health care by strengthening primary care as the gate-keeper to hospitals. However, during its first year of implementation, recruitment of JKN members was slow, and the referral rates from primary to secondary care remained high. Little is known about how the public views the introduction of JKN or the factors that influence their decision to enroll in JKN...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343772/report-of-the-who-technical-consultation-on-the-effect-of-maternal-influenza-and-influenza-vaccination-on-the-developing-fetus-montreal-canada-september-30-october-1-2015
#11
Deshayne B Fell, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Ruth A Karron, Marian Knight, Michael S Kramer, Arnold S Monto, Geeta K Swamy, Justin R Ortiz, David A Savitz
In 2012, the World Health Organization (WHO) released a position paper on influenza vaccination recommending that pregnant women have the highest priority for seasonal vaccination in countries where the initiation or expansion of influenza immunization programs is under consideration. Although the primary goal of the WHO recommendation is to prevent influenza illness in pregnant women, the potential benefits of maternal immunization in protecting young infants are also recognized. The extent to which maternal influenza vaccination may prevent adverse birth outcomes such as preterm birth or small-for-gestational-age birth, however, is unclear as available studies are in disagreement...
March 23, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343746/preliminary-development-of-an-advanced-modular-pressure-relief-cushion-testing-and-user-evaluation
#12
Tyler Freeto, Steven J Mitchell, Kath M Bogie
STUDY AIM: Effective pressure relief cushions are identified as a core assistive technology need by the World Health Organization Global Cooperation on Assistive Technology. High quality affordable wheelchair cushions could provide effective pressure relief for many individuals with limited access to advanced assistive technology. MATERIALS: Value driven engineering (VdE) principles were employed to develop a prototype modular cushion. Low cost dynamically responsive gel balls were arranged in a close packed array and seated in bilayer foam for containment and support...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343713/workplace-violence-against-women-nurses-working-in-two-public-sector-hospitals-of-lahore-pakistan
#13
Sara Rizvi Jafree
BACKGROUND: Cultural and structural forces help sustain workplace violence (WPV) against feminized professions like nursing in Pakistan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and patterns of workplace violence (WPV) against women nurses (more than 95% of entire nursing population) in two hospitals of Pakistan. METHODS: A standardized international survey developed by the World Health Organization was used to collect cross-sectional data...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343258/variation-of-antibiotic-consumption-and-its-correlated-factors-in-turkey
#14
Ayfer Sahin, Ahmet Akici, Volkan Aydin, Bahar Melik, Mesil Aksoy, Ali Alkan
BACKGROUND: Presentation of antibiotic utilization data by reliable and comparable analyses constitutes an important way of ensuring rational use of antibiotics. This study aimed to evaluate antibiotic consumption (AC) of Turkey by each city/region and to investigate any association of such consumption with socio-economic factors. METHOD: For 81 provinces and 12 regions in Turkey, AC data from IMS (Intercontinental Medical Statistics) in 2011 was analyzed in accordance with "ATC/DDD, DID" (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical/Defined Daily Doses, DID = DDD/1000 inhabitants/day) methodology supported by World Health Organization...
March 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343105/photoluminescence-light-up-detection-of-zinc-ion-and-imaging-in-living-cells-based-on-the-aggregation-induced-emission-enhancement-of-glutathione-capped-copper-nanoclusters
#15
Liyun Lin, Yuefang Hu, Liangliang Zhang, Yong Huang, Shulin Zhao
In this work, we prepared glutathione (GSH)-capped copper nanoclusters (Cu NCs) with red emission by simply adjusting the pH of GSH/Cu(2+) mixture at room temperature. A photoluminescence light-up method for detecting Zn(2+) was then developed based on the aggregation induced emission enhancement of GSH-capped Cu NCs. Zn(2+) could trigger the aggregation of Cu NCs, inducing the enhancement of luminescence and the increase of absolute quantum yield from 1.3% to 6.2%. GSH-capped Cu NCs and the formed aggregates were characterized, and the possible mechanism was also discussed...
March 19, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343104/localized-surface-plasmon-resonance-mediated-fluorescence-signals-in-plasmonic-nanoparticle-quantum-dot-hybrids-for-ultrasensitive-zika-virus-rna-detection-via-hairpin-hybridization-assays
#16
Oluwasesan Adegoke, Masahiro Morita, Tatsuya Kato, Masahito Ito, Tetsuro Suzuki, Enoch Y Park
The current epidemic caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV) and the devastating effects of this virus on fetal development, which result in an increased incidence of congenital microcephaly symptoms, have prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare the ZIKV a public health issue of global concern. Efficient probes that offer high detection sensitivity and specificity are urgently required to aid in the point-of-care treatment of the virus. In this study, we show that localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) signals from plasmonic nanoparticles (NPs) can be used to mediate the fluorescence signal from semiconductor quantum dot (Qdot) nanocrystals in a molecular beacon (MB) biosensor probe for ZIKV RNA detection...
March 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342778/-the-burden-of-fungal-infections-in-algeria
#17
REVIEW
M Chekiri-Talbi, D W Denning
In Algeria, superficial mycoses are very commonly diagnosed. Deep fungal infections are less often observed. Few data from Algeria are found in the literature. We report for the first time the main causes of these diseases in our country and provide burden estimates. We searched for existing data and estimated the incidence and prevalence of fungal diseases based on the population at risk and available epidemiological data. Demographic data were derived from the Service (Office) of the Statistics (ONES), World Health Organization (WHO), The Joint Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and national published reports...
March 22, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342656/nurses-are-as-specific-and-are-earlier-in-calling-in-hospital-stroke-alerts-compared-to-physicians
#18
Pravin George, Dolora R Wisco, James Gebel, Ken Uchino, Christopher R Newey
INTRODUCTION: In-hospital stroke alerts are typically activated by nurses or physicians when a patient's neurological status acutely changes from baseline. It is unclear if knowledge of stroke symptoms translates to accurate activation of the acute stroke team. We hypothesized that nurses who activate the stroke alert system would correctly identify as great a proportion of acute strokes as physicians. We also investigated the time to activation of these in-hospital stroke alerts. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive inpatient stroke team calls over a 12-month period at a single, tertiary care center...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#19
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342104/a-comprehensive-review-of-paediatric-low-grade-diffuse-glioma-pathology-molecular-genetics-and-treatment
#20
Scott Ryall, Uri Tabori, Cynthia Hawkins
Gliomas are the most common central nervous system neoplasms affecting children and can be both high- and low-grade. Paediatric low-grade glioma may be either World Health Organization grade I or grade II. Despite being classified as grade II diffuse astrocytoma, these neoplasms arising in children are distinct clinically and molecularly from their adult counterparts. They do not tend to progress to higher grade lesions and only rarely harbour an IDH mutation. Here, we review the clinical, histologic and molecular features of paediatric grade II diffuse glioma, highlighting their diagnostic criteria, prevalence across brain locations, their most common molecular features and how to test for them, and lastly the current status of therapeutic options available for their treatment...
March 25, 2017: Brain Tumor Pathology
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