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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231605/endonasal-versus-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#1
REVIEW
Lona Jawaheer, Caroline J MacEwen, Deepa Anijeet
BACKGROUND: A dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) procedure aims to restore drainage of tears by bypassing a blockage in the nasolacrimal duct, through the creation of a bony ostium that allows communication between the lacrimal sac and the nasal cavity. It can be performed using endonasal or external approaches. The comparative success rates of these two approaches have not yet been established and this review aims to evaluate the relevant up-to-date research. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review is to compare the success rates of endonasal DCR with that of external DCR...
February 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231067/the-association-of-peripubertal-serum-concentrations-of-organochlorine-chemicals-and-blood-lead-with-growth-and-pubertal-development-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-boys-a-review-of-published-results-from-the-russian-children-s-study
#2
Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S Burns, Paige L Williams, Susan A Korrick, Mary M Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser
Organochlorine chemicals and lead are environmental exposures that have endocrine disrupting properties (EDCs) which interfere with many aspects of hormone action. Childhood and adolescence are windows of susceptibility for adverse health effects of EDCs. Our ongoing study, the Russian Children's Study (RCS), is one of the few longitudinal studies investigating the impact of EDCs on growth and puberty in boys. It is conducted in the historically contaminated city of Chapaevsk, in the Samara region. The study focuses on evaluating the associations of persistent organochlorine chemicals and lead with growth and pubertal timing...
February 23, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230910/adhesives-for-bonded-molar-tubes-during-fixed-brace-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Declan T Millett, Nicky A Mandall, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Anne-Marie Glenny
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. The success of a fixed appliance depends partly on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being glued to the teeth so that they do not become detached during treatment. Brackets (metal squares) are usually attached to teeth other than molars, where bands (metal rings that go round each tooth) are more commonly used. Orthodontic tubes (stainless steel tubes that allow wires to pass through them), are typically welded to bands but they may also be glued directly (bonded) to molars...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230908/probiotics-for-people-with-hepatic-encephalopathy
#4
REVIEW
Rohan Dalal, Richard G McGee, Stephen M Riordan, Angela C Webster
BACKGROUND: Hepatic encephalopathy is a disorder of brain function as a result of liver failure or portosystemic shunt or both. Both hepatic encephalopathy (clinically overt) and minimal hepatic encephalopathy (not clinically overt) significantly impair patient's quality of life and daily functioning, and represent a significant burden on healthcare resources. Probiotics are live micro-organisms, which when administered in adequate amounts, may confer a health benefit on the host. OBJECTIVES: To determine the beneficial and harmful effects of probiotics in any dosage, compared with placebo or no intervention, or with any other treatment for people with any grade of acute or chronic hepatic encephalopathy...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230410/a-self-report-measure-for-the-icd-11-dimensional-trait-model-proposal-the-personality-inventory-for-icd-11
#5
Joshua R Oltmanns, Thomas A Widiger
Proposed for the 11th edition of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is a dimensional trait model for the classification of personality disorder (Tyrer, Reed, & Crawford, 2015). The ICD-11 proposal consists of 5 broad domains: negative affective, detachment, dissocial, disinhibition, and anankastic (Mulder, Horwood, Tyrer, Carter, & Joyce, 2016). Several field trials have examined this proposal, yet none has included a direct measure of the trait model. The purpose of the current study was to develop and provide initial validation for the Personality Inventory for ICD-11 (PiCD), a self-report measure of this proposed 5-domain maladaptive trait model...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229803/supersaturated-calcium-phosphate-rinse-in-prevention-and-treatment-of-mucositis-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant
#6
Nisha Bhatt, Rahul Naithani, S K Gupta
OBJECTIVES: Mucositis is a common morbidity in patients undergoing bone marrow transplant. Various agents have been used to prevent and treat it with variable success. Here, we assessed the efficacy of supersaturated calcium phosphate rinses in prevention and treatment of oral mucositis in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the records of 80 patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplant and received supersaturated calcium phosphate rinses for preVention of mucositis from April 2012 to January 2016...
February 23, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229462/harmonization-of-nucleic-acid-testing-for-zika-virus-development-of-the-1-st-world-health-organization-international-standard
#7
Sally A Baylis, Kay-Martin O Hanschmann, Barbara S Schnierle, Jan-Hendrik Trösemeier, Johannes Blümel
BACKGROUND: With the ongoing public health emergency due to Zika virus (ZIKV), nucleic acid testing (NAT) is essential for clinical diagnosis and screening of blood donors. However, NAT for ZIKV has not been standardized, and this study was performed to establish a World Health Organization (WHO) International Standard (IS) for ZIKV RNA; WHO ISs have been used to improve detection and quantification of blood-borne viruses. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The candidate IS (cIS), code number 11468/16, was prepared by heat inactivation and lyophilization of a ZIKV strain isolated from a patient in French Polynesia in 2013...
February 23, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229256/nickel-accumulation-in-paddy-rice-on-serpentine-soils-containing-high-geogenic-nickel-contents-in-taiwan
#8
Zeng-Yei Hseu, Yun-Jie Lai
We investigated the extractability of nickel (Ni) in serpentine soils collected from rice paddy fields in eastern Taiwan to evaluate the bioavailability of Ni in the soils as well as for demonstrating the health risks of Ni in rice. Total Ni concentrations in the soils ranged were 70.2-2730 mg/kg (mean, 472 mg/kg), greatly exceeding the natural background content and soil control standard in Taiwan. Available Ni concentration only accounts for <10% of total soil Ni content; 0.1 N HCl-extractable Ni was the more suitable index for Ni bioavailability in the soil to rice than was diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)-extractable Ni...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229100/diagnosis-of-tuberculosis-following-world-health-organization-recommended-criteria-in-severely-malnourished-children-presenting-with-pneumonia
#9
Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Mohammed Abdus Salam, Abu S M S B Shahid, K M Shahunja, Sumon Kumar Das, Abu Syed Golam Faruque, Pradip Kumar Bardhan, Tahmeed Ahmed
Evidences on diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) following the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are lacking. We sought to evaluate the WHO criteria for the diagnosis of TB in such children. In this prospective study, we enrolled SAM children aged <5 with radiological pneumonia. We collected induced sputum and gastric lavage for smear microscopy, mycobacterial culture, and Xpert MTB/RIF. Using the last 2 methods as the gold standard, we determined sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of WHO criteria (n = 388)...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228610/increasing-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-is-associated-with-vascular-dysfunction-and-abnormal-vascular-structure-in-both-men-and-women
#10
Masato Kajikawa, Nozomu Oda, Shinji Kishimoto, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Yumiko Iwamoto, Akimichi Iwamoto, Shogo Matsui, Yoshiki Aibara, Farina Binti Mohamad Yusoff, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Chikara Goto, Kensuke Noma, Ayumu Nakashima, Akira Taguchi, Yukihito Higashi
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease are major public health problems. A number of clinical studies have shown a link between osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease, but there is no information on the associations of risk of osteoporotic fracture with vascular function and vascular structure.Methods and Results:The risk of major osteoporotic fracture was calculated using the World Health Organization fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX); vascular function was assessed using flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerine-induced vasodilation (NID), and vascular structure was assessed on brachial artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in 414 subjects (241 men and 173 women) who underwent health examinations...
February 23, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228493/hepatitis-e-virus-detection-and-quantification-by-an-rt-qpcr-assay-calibrated-to-the-world-health-organization-standard-for-hev-rna
#11
Jeffrey J Germer, Irina Ankoudinova, Yevgeniy S Belousov, Walt Mahoney, Chen Dong, Jihong Meng, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Joseph D Yao
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) has emerged as a cause of chronic hepatitis among immunocompromised patients. Molecular assays have become important tools for the diagnosis and management of these chronically-infected patients. A reverse transcription, real-time PCR (RT-qPCR) assay utilizing Pleiades probe chemistry and an RNA internal control for simultaneous detection and quantification of HEV RNA in human serum was developed based on adaptation of a previously described and broadly reactive primer set targeting the overlapping open reading frame (ORF) 2/3 nucleotide sequence of HEV...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228373/statins-and-fibrates-for-diabetic-retinopathy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#12
Vania Mozetic, Carolina Gomes Freitas, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus, and more than 75% of patients who have had diabetes for more than 20 years will have some degree of DR. This disease is highly destructive to self-esteem and puts a high burden on public health and pension systems due to the effects that it has on people of working age. The current mainstay of treatment is laser photocoagulation, which causes impairment of vision and discomfort to patients...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228371/dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#13
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Soo Kim, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228160/assessment-of-lymphatic-filariasis-prior-to-re-starting-mass-drug-administration-campaigns-in-coastal-kenya
#14
Sammy M Njenga, Henry M Kanyi, Faith M Mutungi, Collins Okoyo, Hadley S Matendechero, Rachel L Pullan, Katherine E Halliday, Simon J Brooker, C Njeri Wamae, Joyce K Onsongo, Kimberly Y Won
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a debilitating disease associated with extensive disfigurement and is one of a diverse group of diseases referred to as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) which mainly occur among the poorest populations. In line with global recommendations to eliminate LF, Kenya launched its LF elimination programme in 2002 with the aim to implement annual mass drug administration (MDA) in order to interrupt LF transmission. However, the programme faced financial and administrative challenges over the years such that sustained annual MDA was not possible...
February 22, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227784/an-analytics-based-clinical-decision-support-system-for-cvd-risk-assessment-and-management
#15
Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Shreya Anand, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and premature death throughout the world. Acute coronary events and other cardiovascular events frequently occur suddenly, and are often fatal before medical care can be given. Risk factor modification can reduce clinical events and premature death in people with established cardiovascular disease as well as in those who are at high cardiovascular risk due to one or more risk factors. In this work, India specific World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension (WHO-ISH) guidelines has been implemented to stratify the subjects by their risk profile...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226050/coping-with-child-violencein-primary-care-how-do-professionals-perceive-it
#16
Emiko Yoshikawa Egry, Maíra Rosa Apostólico, Teresa Christine Pereira Morais, Caroline Carapiá Ribas Lisboa
Objective: to know the perception of health professionals working in primary care about child violence, since this has increased progressively in the world, requiring every effort to intervene. Method: this is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study performed through interviews with professionals in primary care in a health district of São Paulo. The Alceste tool was used for analysis of data from the speeches. Results: perceptions of professionals point to the limits and difficulties of the care network with coping; need for intersectoral action; violence situations identified within the caresetting; and causes and effects of violence on child development...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226033/effectiveness-of-pharmacovigilance-multifaceted-educational-intervention-related-to-the-knowledge-skills-and-attitudes-of-multidisciplinary-hospital-staff
#17
Fabiana Rossi Varallo, Cleopatra S Planeta, Patricia de Carvalho Mastroianni
OBJECTIVES: Most educational interventions in pharmacovigilance are designed to encourage physicians to report adverse drug reactions. However, multidisciplinary teams may play an important role in reporting drug-related problems. This study assessed the impact of a multifaceted educational intervention in pharmacovigilance on the knowledge, skills and attitudes of hospital professionals. METHOD: This prospective, open-label, non-randomized study was performed in a medium-complexity hospital in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 1, 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225861/predictors-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-evaluated-by-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-asymptomatic-young-women-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Rosane Kupfer, Manuella Rangel Larrúbia, Isabela Bussade, Joana Rodrigues Dantas Pereira, Giovanna A Balarini Lima, Marcio Antonio Epifanio, Claudio Domenico Sahione Schettino, Denise Prado Momesso
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence and clinical predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis in asymptomatic, young adult women with type 1 DM. Subjects and methods: The study included 45 women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) (aged 36 ± 9 years) who underwent carotid Doppler ultrasound evaluation to determine the carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) and to assess the occurrence of carotid artery plaques. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by estimated glucose disposal rate (eGDR), and metabolic syndrome (MS) was defined by the World Health Organization criteria...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225441/big-data-more-than-just-big-and-more-than-just-data
#19
Gregory A Spencer
According to an report, 90 percent of the data in the world today were created in the past two years. This statistic is not surprising given the explosion of mobile phones and other devices that generate data, the Internet of Things (e.g., smart refrigerators), and metadata (data about data). While it might be a stretch to figure out how a healthcare organization can use data generated from an ice maker, data from a plethora of rich and useful sources, when combined with an organization's own data, can produce improved results...
January 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225335/integrating-tuberculosis-screening-in-kenyan-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-programs
#20
L M Cranmer, A Langat, K Ronen, C J McGrath, S LaCourse, J Pintye, B Odeny, B Singa, A Katana, L Nganga, J Kinuthia, G John-Stewart
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) screening in Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission (PMTCT) programs is important to improve TB detection, prevention and treatment. METHODS: As part of a national PMTCT program evaluation, mother-infant pairs attending 6-week and 9-month immunization visits were enrolled at 141 maternal and child health clinics throughout Kenya. Clinics were selected using population-proportion-to-size sampling with oversampling in a high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence region...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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