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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047434/offline-jim-kim-finds-his-voice
#1
Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028672/birth-cohort-consortium-of-asia-current-and-future-perspectives
#2
Reiko Kishi, Jun Jim Zhang, Eun-Hee Ha, Pau-Chung Chen, Ying Tian, Yankai Xia, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kunihiko Nakai, Sungkyoon Kim, Soo-Jong Hong, Yun-Chul Hong, Jeong-Rim Lee, Hamid Jan B Jan Mohamed, Rajendra Prasad Parajuli, Linda S Adair, Yap Seng Chong, Yue Leon Guo, Shu-Li Wang, Muneko Nishijo, Teruhiko Kido, Pham The Tai, Sumal Nandasena
BACKGROUND: The environmental health of children is one of the great global health concerns. Exposures in utero and throughout development can have major consequences on later health. However, environmental risks or disease burdens vary from region to region. Birth cohort studies are ideal for investigating different environmental risks. METHODS: The principal investigators of three birth cohorts in Asia including the Taiwan Birth Panel Study (TBPS), the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health Study (MOCEH), and the Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children' Health (Hokkaido Study) coestablished the Birth Cohort Consortium of Asia (BiCCA) in 2011...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985577/characteristics-of-clinical-measurements-between-biomechanical-responders-and-non-responders-to-a-shoe-designed-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Yongwook Kim, Jim Richards, Roy H Lidtke, Renato Trede
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of biomechanical and clinical measurements in relation to the knee adduction moment when wearing a standard shoe and a shoe design for individuals with knee osteoarthritis (Flex-OA). METHODS: Kinematic and kinetic data were collected from thirty-two healthy individuals (64 knees) using a ten camera motion analysis system and four force plates. Subjects performed 5 walking trials under the two conditions and the magnitude of individuals' biomechanical responses where explored in relation to the clinical assessment of the Foot Posture Index, hip rotation range, strength of hip rotators, and active ankle-foot motion, all of which have been described as possible compensation mechanisms in knee osteoarthritis...
September 29, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982333/cerebral-artery-vasoconstriction-is-endothelin-1-dependent-requiring-neurogenic-and-adrenergic-crosstalk
#4
Roel H L Haeren, Sieuwke A Hartmans, Jo De Mey, Govert Hoogland, Jim Dings, Olaf E M G Schijns, Sander M J van Kuijk, Kim Rijkers, Paul Schiffers, Koo J van Overbeeke
BACKGROUND: The regulation of cerebral arterial vasomotor tone involves several mechanisms. The role of sympathetic nerves and the adrenergic neurotransmitter, noradrenaline (NA), has been subject of debate for decades. Moreover, the specific role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in cerebral arterial vasoconstriction has not been elucidated to date. In this study, we evaluated the contribution of NA and ET-1 to cerebral artery vasoconstriction. METHODS: Arterial responses of rat middle cerebral arteries, and human pial cerebral arteries to cumulative concentrations of NA and ET-1, and to electrical field stimulation (EFS), were evaluated...
October 5, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959632/diacetyl-and-2-3-pentanedione-in-breathing-zone-and-area-air-during-large-scale-commercial-coffee-roasting-blending-and-grinding-processes
#5
Michael J McCoy, Kimberly A Hoppe Parr, Kim E Anderson, Jim Cornish, Matti Haapala, John Greivell
Recently described scientific literature has identified the airborne presence of 2,3-butanedione (diacetyl) and 2,3-pentanedione at concentrations approaching or potentially exceeding the current American Conference of Industrial Hygienists' (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) at commercial coffee roasting and production facilities. Newly established National Institutes of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limits for diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione are even more conservative. Chronic exposure to these alpha-diketones at elevated airborne concentrations has been associated with lung damage, specifically bronchiolitis obliterans, most notably in industrial food processing facilities...
2017: Toxicology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921709/kidney-allograft-failure-in-the-steroid-free-immunosuppression-era-a-matched-case-control-study
#6
Mohamad M Alkadi, Jim Kim, Meredith J Aull, Joseph E Schwartz, John R Lee, Anthony Watkins, Jun B Lee, Darshana M Dadhania, Surya V Seshan, David Serur, Sandip Kapur, Manikkam Suthanthiran, Choli Hartono, Thangamani Muthukumar
We studied the causes and predictors of death-censored kidney allograft failure among 1670 kidney recipients transplanted at our center in the corticosteroid-free maintenance immunosuppression era. As of January 1, 2012, we identified 137 recipients with allograft failure; 130 of them (cases) were matched 1-1 for recipient age, calendar year of transplant and donor type with 130 recipients with functioning grafts (controls). Median time to allograft failure was 29 months (interquartile range 18-51). Physician validated and biopsy confirmed categories of allograft failure were: acute rejection (21%), glomerular disease (19%), transplant glomerulopathy (13%), interstitial fibrosis tubular atrophy (10%), and polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (7%)...
September 18, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917564/impact-of-institutional-procedural-volume-on-inhospital-outcomes-after-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-device-implantation-us-national-database-2003-2011
#7
Ilhwan Yeo, Luke K Kim, Bruce B Lerman, Jim W Cheung
BACKGROUND: The relationship between hospital volume and outcomes for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantations has not been well established. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine outcomes after CRT device implantation stratified by hospital volume using a large national inpatient database. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample database, we identified all patients undergoing de novo CRT implants between 2003 and 2011...
September 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838896/priorities-for-research-in-miscarriage-a-priority-setting-partnership-between-people-affected-by-miscarriage-and-professionals-following-the-james-lind-alliance-methodology
#8
Matthew Prior, Carmel Bagness, Jane Brewin, Arri Coomarasamy, Lucy Easthope, Barbara Hepworth-Jones, Kim Hinshaw, Emily O'Toole, Julie Orford, Lesley Regan, Nick Raine-Fenning, Judy Shakespeare, Rachel Small, Jim Thornton, Leanne Metcalf
OBJECTIVES: To identify and prioritise important research questions for miscarriage. DESIGN: A priority setting partnership using prospective surveys and consensus meetings following methods advocated by the James Lind Alliance. SETTING: UK. PARTICIPANTS: Women and those affected by miscarriage working alongside healthcare professionals. RESULTS: In the initial survey, 1093 participants (932 women who have experienced miscarriage, 8 partners, 17 family members, friends or colleagues, 104 healthcare professionals and eight charitable organisations) submitted 3279 questions...
August 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683901/in-hospital-cardiovascular-complications-after-pancreas-transplantation-in-the-united-states-from-2003-to-2012
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jim Kim, Joshua Schulman-Marcus, Anthony C Watkins, Dmitriy N Feldman, Rajesh Swaminathan, Jun B Lee, Thangamani Muthukumar, David Serur, Luke Kim, Choli Hartono
Large database studies detailing the risk of perioperative cardiovascular complications after pancreas transplant has been limited, perhaps because these outcomes are not captured by transplant registries. Greater data on the incidence and risks of such outcomes could provide additional insight for referring physicians and inform potential recipients of their risk. We performed a serial, cross-sectional analysis of the National Inpatient Sample, the largest publicly available inpatient database in the United States, to assess for the risk of cardiovascular complications after pancreas transplants in the United States from 2003 to 2012 (n = 13,399)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652064/randomized-trial-on-the-effects-of-attentional-focus-on-motor-training-of-the-upper-extremity-using-robotics-with-individuals-after-chronic-stroke
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Grace J Kim, Jim Hinojosa, Ashwini K Rao, Mitchell Batavia, Michael W O'Dell
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term effects of external focus (EF) and internal focus (IF) of attention after 4 weeks of arm training. DESIGN: Randomized, repeated-measures, mixed analysis of variance. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with stroke and moderate-to-severe arm impairment living in the community (N=33; withdrawals: n=3). INTERVENTIONS: Four-week arm training protocol on a robotic device (12 sessions)...
October 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549124/disclosure-and-donor-conceived-children
#11
Marilyn Crawshaw, Damian Adams, Sonia Allan, Eric Blyth, Kate Bourne, Claudia Brügge, Anne Chien, Antonia Clissa, Ken Daniels, Ellen Glazer, Jean Haase, Karin Hammarberg, Hans van Hooff, Jennie Hunt, Astrid Indekeu, Louise Johnson, Young Kim, Maggie Kirkman, Wendy Kramer, Ann Lalos, Charles Lister, Phyllis Lowinger, Erica Mindes, Jim Monach, Olivia Montuschi, Sheila Pike, Victoria Powell, Iolanda Rodino, Alice Ruby, Anne Margriet Schrijvers, Yukari Semba, Ruth Shidlo, Petra Thorn, Lois Tonkin, Marja Visser, Julia Woodward, Tewes Wischmann, Samantha Yee, Julianne E Zweifel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526881/biosorption-performance-of-encapsulated-candida-krusei-for-the-removal-of-copper-ii
#12
Chi Him Jim Luk, Joanne Yip, Chun Wah Marcus Yuen, Siu Kwong Pang, Kim Hung Lam, Chi Wai Kan
The use of microorganisms in biosorption is one of the most promising ways to remove trace amounts of heavy metal ions. Nevertheless, the enhancement of the successful removal of heavy metal ions by using different combinations of biosorbents is not generally guaranteed which leaves room to explore the application of the technique. In this study, the performance of free and immobilized forms of a yeast strain, Candida krusei (C. krusei), and calcium alginate (CaAlg) are evaluated for their ability to remove copper(II)...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419000/exercise-induced-autophagy-in-fatty-liver-disease
#13
Sung Kook Chun, Sooyeon Lee, Ming-Jim Yang, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Jae-Sung Kim
Hepatic steatosis prevails each year. Autophagy is integral in mitochondrial quality control and lipid homeostasis in the liver. No pharmacological strategies are currently available to reduce hepatic steatosis, but exercise has been known to improve clinical outcomes of chronic liver disease, particularly nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Recent studies suggest that exercise may improve NAFLD through enhancing autophagy.
July 2017: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300852/regression-analysis-of-local-skin-reactions-to-predict-clearance-of-actinic-keratosis-on-the-face-in-patients-treated-with-ingenol-mebutate-gel-experience-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Shelbi Jim On, Kim Mark Knudsen, Torsten Skov, Mark Lebwohl
<p>Ingenol mebutate gel, a topical field treatment for actinic keratosis (AK), elicits inflammatory application-site reactions in most patients. This analysis explored the relationship between the intensity of local skin reactions (LSRs) and AK clearance, measured by the reduction in AK count from baseline in 218 patients who were treated for AK on the face in the pivotal Phase 3 studies. The analysis modeled the AK count at week 8, adjusted for baseline count, with the composite LSR score at 1 day after the last treatment application for each patient as a predictor to estimate the mean and 90% prediction interval for the percent reduction in AK count...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289730/indirect-interspecies-regulation-transcriptional-and-physiological-responses-of-a-cyanobacterium-to-heterotrophic-partnership
#15
Hans C Bernstein, Ryan S McClure, Vera Thiel, Natalie C Sadler, Young-Mo Kim, William B Chrisler, Eric A Hill, Donald A Bryant, Margaret F Romine, Janet K Jansson, Jim K Fredrickson, Alexander S Beliaev
The mechanisms by which microbes interact in communities remain poorly understood. Here, we interrogated specific interactions between photoautotrophic and heterotrophic members of a model consortium to infer mechanisms that mediate metabolic coupling and acclimation to partnership. This binary consortium was composed of a cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1, which supported growth of an obligate aerobic heterotroph, Meiothermus ruber strain A, by providing organic carbon, O2, and reduced nitrogen...
March 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285698/impact-of-a-planned-dose-interruption-of-dacomitinib-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-archer-1042
#16
Dong-Wan Kim, Edward B Garon, Aminah Jatoi, Dorothy M Keefe, Mario E Lacouture, Stephen Sonis, Diana Gernhardt, Tao Wang, Nagdeep Giri, Jim P Doherty, Sashi Nadanaciva, Joseph O'Connell, Eric Sbar, Byoung Chul Cho
OBJECTIVES: Dacomitinib is a pan-HER inhibitor for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We explored the impact of a planned 4-day dacomitinib dose interruption on plasma exposure of dacomitinib and adverse events (AEs) of interest in Cohort III of the ARCHER 1042 study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients, treatment-naïve for advanced NSCLC with EGFR activating mutations, received oral dacomitinib 45mg QD (once daily). A planned dose interruption occurred in Cycle 1 from Days 11 through 14...
April 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259442/kawasaki-disease-and-immunisation-a-systematic-review
#17
Linny Kimly Phuong, Caterina Bonetto, Jim Buttery, Yolanda Brauchli Pernus, Rebecca Chandler, Patrizia Felicetti, Karen L Goldenthal, Merita Kucuku, Giuseppe Monaco, Barbara Pahud, Stanford T Shulman, Karina A Top, Francesco Trotta, Rolando Ulloa-Gutierrez, Frederick Varricchio, Sarah de Ferranti, Jane W Newburger, Nagib Dahdah, Surjit Singh, Jan Bonhoeffer, David Burgner
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is a complex and potentially serious condition. It has been observed in temporal relation to immunisation. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review using various reference sources to review the available evidence published in the literature. RESULTS: We identified twenty seven publications reporting a temporal association between immunisation and Kawasaki disease. We present a systematic review of data drawn from randomised controlled trials, observational studies, case series and reports, and reviews...
March 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214565/trends-and-outcomes-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-upgrade-procedures-a-comparative-analysis-using-a-united-states-national-database-2003-2013
#18
Jim W Cheung, James E Ip, Steven M Markowitz, Christopher F Liu, George Thomas, Dmitriy N Feldman, Rajesh V Swaminathan, Bruce B Lerman, Luke K Kim
BACKGROUND: While outcomes after de novo cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) implantations have been reported, there are limited data on CRT upgrade procedures. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine trends and in-hospital outcomes of patients undergoing CRT upgrade procedures by using a large national inpatient database. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample database, we identified all patients undergoing CRT upgrade and de novo CRT implants between 2003 and 2013...
July 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196955/identification-of-human-junctional-adhesion-molecule-1-as-a-functional-receptor-for-the-hom-1-calicivirus-on-human-cells
#19
Stanislav V Sosnovtsev, Carlos Sandoval-Jaime, Gabriel I Parra, Christine M Tin, Ronald W Jones, Jo Soden, Donna Barnes, Jim Freeth, Alvin W Smith, Kim Y Green
The Hom-1 vesivirus was reported in 1998 following the inadvertent transmission of the animal calicivirus San Miguel sea lion virus to a human host in a laboratory. We characterized the Hom-1 strain and investigated the mechanism by which human cells could be infected. An expression library of 3,559 human plasma membrane proteins was screened for reactivity with Hom-1 virus-like particles, and a single interacting protein, human junctional adhesion molecule 1 (hJAM1), was identified. Transient expression of hJAM1 conferred susceptibility to Hom-1 infection on nonpermissive Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells...
February 14, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179509/iga-coated-e-coli-enriched-in-crohn-s-disease-spondyloarthritis-promote-th17-dependent-inflammation
#20
Monica Viladomiu, Charles Kivolowitz, Ahmed Abdulhamid, Belgin Dogan, Daniel Victorio, Jim G Castellanos, Viola Woo, Fei Teng, Nhan L Tran, Andrew Sczesnak, Christina Chai, Myunghoo Kim, Gretchen E Diehl, Nadim J Ajami, Joseph F Petrosino, Xi K Zhou, Sergio Schwartzman, Lisa A Mandl, Meira Abramowitz, Vinita Jacob, Brian Bosworth, Adam Steinlauf, Ellen J Scherl, Hsin-Jung Joyce Wu, Kenneth W Simpson, Randy S Longman
Peripheral spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a common extraintestinal manifestation in patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by inflammatory enthesitis, dactylitis, or synovitis of nonaxial joints. However, a mechanistic understanding of the link between intestinal inflammation and SpA has yet to emerge. We evaluated and functionally characterized the fecal microbiome of IBD patients with or without peripheral SpA. Coupling the sorting of immunoglobulin A (IgA)-coated microbiota with 16S ribosomal RNA-based analysis (IgA-seq) revealed a selective enrichment in IgA-coated Escherichia coli in patients with Crohn's disease-associated SpA (CD-SpA) compared to CD alone...
February 8, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
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