keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health policy management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212462/climate-change-contaminant-interactions-in-marine-food-webs-towards-a-conceptual-framework
#1
Juan José Alava, William W L Cheung, Peter S Ross, Rashid U Sumaila
Climate change is reshaping the way in which contaminants move through the global environment, in large part by changing the chemistry of the oceans and affecting the physiology, health and feeding ecology of marine biota. Climate change-associated impacts on structure and function of marine food webs, with consequent changes in contaminant transport, fate and effects, is likely to have significant repercussions to those human populations that rely on fisheries resources for food, recreation or culture. Published studies on climate change-contaminant interactions with a focus on food web bioaccumulation were systematically reviewed to explore how climate change and ocean acidification may impact contaminant levels in marine food webs...
February 17, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209518/evidence-based-policies-on-school-nutrition-and-physical-education-associations-with-state-level-collaboration-obesity-and-socio-economic-indicators
#2
Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Richard MacLehose, Toben F Nelson, Marilyn S Nanney
Despite calls for more cross-sector collaboration on obesity prevention, little is known about the role of collaborative partnerships, or groups of organizations from different sectors working together toward a shared goal, in state policy activities. This study examined associations between competitive food/beverage and physical education policies and state-level collaboration and state characteristics (obesity, socioeconomic indicators, public health funding levels) for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, USA, in 2012...
February 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#3
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202479/improving-services-for-glaucoma-care-in-nigeria-implications-for-policy-and-programmes-to-achieve-universal-health-coverage
#4
Fatima Kyari, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Richard Wormald
Glaucoma in Africa is sometimes referred to as the silent thief of sight. In Nigeria, glaucoma is common, it is serious, ophthalmologists face many constraints in managing it, people do not even know they have it until it is advanced, patients do not understand or comply with treatment after they are diagnosed and the poor are more likely to be glaucoma blind. Available evidence indicates that the health system in Nigeria is failing to meet the needs of patients with glaucoma. Based on evidence, we propose future directions for improving services for glaucoma care in Nigeria, and the implications for policy and programmes to control glaucoma blindness, using a health system-oriented approach...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#5
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199258/interview-with-sherril-b-gelmon-drph-fache-professor-of-health-systems-management-and-policy-oregon-health-science-university-and-portland-state-university-school-of-public-health
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198649/fatal-drownings-in-fiji
#7
Kathryn Murray, Peter Carter
Drowning is a newly comprehended public health concern in Fiji. Defined as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersions or immersion in liquid," drowning has been identified as one of Fiji's 5 leading causes of death for those aged 1 to 29 years. The aim of this article was to develop the most parsimonious model that can be used to explain the number of monthly fatal drowning cases in Fiji. Based on a cross-section of 187 drowning incidents from January 2012 to April 2015, this observational study found the number of monthly drownings in Fiji was significantly affected by monthly rainfall ( P = ...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197863/characterization-of-foreign-born-vs-native-born-worker-fatalities-in-kentucky-2001-2014
#8
Yailet Cruz, Terry Lee Bunn, Nancy Hanner, Svetla Slavova
Information on foreign-born worker (FBW) and native-born worker (NBW) fatal injuries is scarce. The Kentucky Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program analyzed 2001-2014 worker fatality data. The Kentucky FBW fatality rate was double the US FBW and NBW rates, and 50% higher than the Kentucky NBW fatality rate. FBW average age at death was 38 years; NBW age was 47 years. FBW deaths occurred in construction (26%) and services (22%) industries, and transportation [28% (54% due to semi truck crashes)] and construction [26%(48% due to roofing, scaffolding, and ladder-related falls)] occupations; in contrast, NBW deaths occurred in services (22%), and transportation (18%) industries, and transportation (25%) and management (20%) occupations, and were due to exposures to inanimate mechanical forces (38%), and transport accidents (30%)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197169/effects-of-litter-on-seedling-emergence-and-seed-persistence-of-three-common-species-on-the-loess-plateau-in-northwestern-china
#9
Rui Zhang, Xiaowen Hu, Jerry M Baskin, Carol C Baskin, Yanrong Wang
Litter accumulation resulting from land use change (enclosure) is one of the key variables influencing seedling recruitment and consequently the regeneration of plant populations and seed persistence in the soil seed bank. A better understanding of the effects of litter on seed germination and seedling emergence is crucial for developing a new set of indicators for grassland ecosystem health and for grassland management policy. We investigated the effects of seed position in litter and amount of litter covering the seed on seedling emergence and seed persistence of three common species on the Loess Plateau in northwestern China...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196943/association-between-community-management-of-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-in-high-burden-countries-and-the-decline-in-under-five-mortality-rates-an-ecological-analysis
#10
Cynthia Boschi-Pinto, Thandassery Ramachandran Dilip, Anthony Costello
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to explore if the adoption of national policies to use community-based health providers for the management of pneumonia and diarrhoea is associated with the decline in under-five mortality, including achievement of the Millennium Development Goal (MDG)4 target, in high-burden countries. SETTING: This country level analysis covers 75 high-burden low-income and middle-income countries which accounted for 98% of the 5.9 million global under-five deaths in 2015...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196511/antiretroviral-therapy-related-adverse-effects-can-sub-saharan-africa-cope-with-the-new-test-and-treat-policy-of-the-world-health-organization
#11
Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Jean Joel R Bigna
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown that early antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation results in significant HIV transmission reduction. This is the rationale behind the "test and treat" policy of the World Health Organization (WHO). Implementation of this policy will lead to an increased incidence of ART-related adverse effects, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Is the region yet ready to cope with such a challenging issue? MAIN BODY: The introduction and widespread use of ART have drastically changed the natural history of HIV/AIDS, but exposure to ART leads to serious medication-related adverse effects mainly explained by mitochondrial toxicities, and the situation will get worse in the near future...
February 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194159/role-of-ucp1-gene-variants-in-interethnic-differences-in-the-development-of-cardio-metabolic-diseases
#12
Andreas D Flouris, Yulii V Shidlovskii, Alexander V Shaposhnikov, Levon Yepiskoposyan, Liliya Nadolnik, Lidia Karabon, Anna Kowalska, Andres E Carrillo, George S Metsios, Paraskevi Sakellariou
Cardio-metabolic diseases (CMDs) comprise a cluster of risk factors that contribute to chronic pathological conditions with adverse consequences for cardiovascular function and metabolic processes. A wide range of CMD prevalence rates among different ethnic groups has been documented. In view of accumulated evidence, there is a trend toward increasing CMD prevalence rates in Eastern Europe and Western Asia. Numerous studies have revealed an association between uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) gene variants and CMDs...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192044/an-early-look-at-the-association-between-state-medicaid-expansion-and-disparities-in-cardiovascular-diseases-a-comprehensive-population-health-management-approach
#13
Christopher K Rogers, Ning Jackie Zhang
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases nationally and disproportionately affects low-income individuals. There are substantial disparities on CVD outcomes that stem from the lack of health insurance among low-income populations. The Affordable Care Act expands Medicaid health insurance to low-income populations, and aims to increase the utilization of health, social, and economic preventive services to reduce health disparities and prevent chronic diseases. The authors analyzed data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand the potential impact of Medicaid expansion on disparities in CVD among low-income populations...
February 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188013/-detection-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-primary-care-and-related-factors
#14
Gloria M Rodríguez-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Juan José Miralles-Bueno, Miguel San Sebastián, Isabel Goicolea
OBJECTIVE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health and human rights problem. Primary care professionals play a key role in detecting and addressing this issue. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of IPV and its associated factors in primary care by means of a screening questionnaire and to describe the main actions taken in identified cases. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in 15 health centres in four autonomous regions of Spain with a total of 265 health professionals...
February 7, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187737/evaluation-of-a-web-based-registry-of-inherited-bleeding-disorders-a-descriptive-study-of-the-brazilian-experience-with-hemovidaweb-coagulopatias
#15
Suely Meireles Rezende, Silvia Helena Lacerda Rodrigues, Kelly Neves Pinheiro Brito, Diego Lima Quintino da Silva, Marcos Lázaro Santo, Bárbara de Jesus Simões, Guilherme Genovez, Helder Teixeira Melo, João Paulo Baccara Araújo, Danila Augusta Accioly Varella Barca
BACKGROUND: Inherited bleeding disorders (IBD) consist of a group of rare heterogeneous diseases, which require treatment for life. Management of these disorders is complex and costly. Therefore, good quality data of the affected population is crucial to guide policy planning. The aim of this manuscript is to describe the impact of a national, web-based registry - the Hemovidaweb Coagulopatias (HWC) - in the management of the IBD in Brazil. METHODS: The system was developed in PHP 5...
February 10, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185593/decentralization-and-health-system-performance-a-focused-review-of-dimensions-difficulties-and-derivatives-in-india
#16
REVIEW
Bhuputra Panda, Harshad P Thakur
INTRODUCTION: One of the principal goals of any health care system is to improve health through the provision of clinical and public health services. Decentralization as a reform measure aims to improve inputs, management processes and health outcomes, and has political, administrative and financial connotations. It is argued that the robustness of a health system in achieving desirable outcomes is contingent upon the width and depth of 'decision space' at the local level. Studies have used different approaches to examine one or more facets of decentralization and its effect on health system functioning; however, lack of consensus on an acceptable framework is a critical gap in determining its quantum and quality...
October 31, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185518/disaster-health-management-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-fitzgerald-gerry-tarrant-mike-aitken-peter-et-al-disaster-health-management-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-352pp-%C3%A2-39-99-routledge-9781138911185-1138911186-formula-see-text
#17
(no author information available yet)
This comprehensive textbook addresses the history of disaster management, terminology, concepts, principles and trends. While the book refers mainly to Australian policies and guidelines, international examples are offered too.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184242/medication-challenges-for-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-experience-and-views-of-patients-caregivers-and-mental-health-care-workers-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#18
Masunga K Iseselo, Joel Seme Ambikile
BACKGROUND: Management of patients with mental disorders is inadequate in the majority of low and middle income countries. The main treatment modality for patients with severe mental disorders in these countries is mainly pharmacological approach. Patients face many challenges in meeting medication needs. In this context, high percentages of individuals who have severe mental disorders are not treated. Regular and adequate supplies of appropriate, safe and affordable medications are some of the important aspects required for provision of quality mental health services...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183806/commissioning-through-competition-and-cooperation-in-the-english-nhs-under-the-health-and-social-care-act-2012-evidence-from-a-qualitative-study-of-four-clinical-commissioning-groups
#19
Pauline Allen, Dorota Osipovič, Elizabeth Shepherd, Anna Coleman, Neil Perkins, Emma Garnett, Lorraine Williams
OBJECTIVE: The Health and Social Care Act 2012 ('HSCA 2012') introduced a new, statutory, form of regulation of competition into the National Health Service (NHS), while at the same time recognising that cooperation was necessary. NHS England's policy document, The Five Year Forward View ('5YFV') of 2014 placed less emphasis on competition without altering the legislation. We explored how commissioners and providers understand the complex regulatory framework, and how they behave in relation to competition and cooperation...
February 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183343/spectrum-malaria-a-user-friendly-projection-tool-for-health-impact-assessment-and-strategic-planning-by-malaria-control-programmes-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Matthew Hamilton, Guy Mahiane, Elric Werst, Rachel Sanders, Olivier Briët, Thomas Smith, Richard Cibulskis, Ewan Cameron, Samir Bhatt, Daniel J Weiss, Peter W Gething, Carel Pretorius, Eline L Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Scale-up of malaria prevention and treatment needs to continue but national strategies and budget allocations are not always evidence-based. This article presents a new modelling tool projecting malaria infection, cases and deaths to support impact evaluation, target setting and strategic planning. METHODS: Nested in the Spectrum suite of programme planning tools, the model includes historic estimates of case incidence and deaths in groups aged up to 4, 5-14, and 15+ years, and prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection (PfPR) among children 2-9 years, for 43 sub-Saharan African countries and their 602 provinces, from the WHO and malaria atlas project...
February 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
keyword
keyword
41893
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"