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Outbreaks text messaging

Sanjeev Singh, Damodar Sahu, Ashish Agrawal, Meeta Dhaval Vashi
AIMS: Almost, one third of the world's urban population resides in slums and the number would double by 2030. Slums denotes collection of people from various communities having a meagre income and living in unhygienic conditions thus making themselves most vulnerable for outbreaks of communicable diseases. India contributes substantially to the global disease burden and under-five mortality rates i.e. 20% attributable to vaccine preventable diseases. Immunization plays a crucial role in combating high childhood mortality rates attributable to vaccine preventable diseases across the globe...
April 4, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Andrea Villanes, Emily Griffiths, Michael Rappa, Christopher G Healey
Despite the improvement in health conditions across the world, communicable diseases remain among the leading mortality causes in many countries. Combating communicable diseases depends on surveillance, preventive measures, outbreak investigation, and the establishment of control mechanisms. Delays in obtaining country-level data of confirmed communicable disease cases, such as dengue fever, are prompting new efforts for short- to medium-term data. News articles highlight dengue infections, and they can reveal how public health messages, expert findings, and uncertainties are communicated to the public...
January 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
E K Seltzer, E Horst-Martz, M Lu, R M Merchant
OBJECTIVE: Social media have strongly influenced the awareness and perceptions of public health emergencies, and a considerable amount of social media content is now shared through images, rather than text alone. This content can impact preparedness and response due to the popularity and real-time nature of social media platforms. We sought to explore how the image-sharing platform Instagram is used for information dissemination and conversation during the current Zika outbreak. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of publicly posted images about Zika on Instagram...
September 2017: Public Health
Mitsuru Toda, Ian Njeru, Dejan Zurovac, David Kareko, Shikanga O-Tipo, Matilu Mwau, Kouichi Morita
Outbreaks of epidemic diseases pose serious public health risks. To overcome the hurdles of sub-optimal disease surveillance reporting from the health facilities to relevant authorities, the Ministry of Health in Kenya piloted mSOS (mobile SMS-based disease outbreak alert system) in 2013-2014. In this paper, we report the results of the qualitative study, which examined factors that influence the performances of mSOS implementation. In-depth interviews were conducted with 11 disease surveillance coordinators and 32 in-charges of rural health facilities that took part in the mSOS intervention...
2017: PloS One
Robert R Wilkinson, Frank G Ball, Kieran J Sharkey
We consider a very general stochastic model for an SIR epidemic on a network which allows an individual's infectious period, and the time it takes to contact each of its neighbours after becoming infected, to be correlated. We write down the message passing system of equations for this model and prove, for the first time, that it has a unique feasible solution. We also generalise an earlier result by proving that this solution provides a rigorous upper bound for the expected epidemic size (cumulative number of infection events) at any fixed time [Formula: see text]...
December 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
Emil Rossing, Henrik Ravn, Celso Soares Pereira Batista, Amabelia Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed a low measles vaccination (MV) rate in the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) that has not increased in accordance with the increasing coverage of other vaccinations. Measles is the deadliest of all childhood rash/fever illnesses and spreads easily, implying that if the vaccination coverage is declining there is a significant risk of new measles outbreaks [27]. Meanwhile, mobile health (mHealth; the use of mobile phones for health interventions) has generated much enthusiasm, and shown potential in improving health service delivery in other contexts...
July 27, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
James Lester, Sarah Paige, Colin A Chapman, Mhairi Gibson, James Holland Jones, William M Switzer, Nelson Ting, Tony L Goldberg, Simon D W Frost
Syndromic surveillance, the collection of symptom data from individuals prior to or in the absence of diagnosis, is used throughout the developed world to provide rapid indications of outbreaks and unusual patterns of disease. However, the low cost of syndromic surveillance also makes it highly attractive for the developing world. We present a case study of electronic participatory syndromic surveillance, using participant-mobile phones in a rural region of Western Uganda, which has a high infectious disease burden, and frequent local and regional outbreaks...
2016: PloS One
V M Cáceres, P Cardoso, S Sidibe, S Lambert, A Lopez, B Pedalino, D J Herrera Guibert
OBJECTIVE: Intensified surveillance will be vital in the elimination phase to verify Ebola-free status and mitigate potential reemergence of the disease in West Africa. Zero-reporting from high-risk districts is a key strategy for surveillance. Our objective was to implement a pilot investigation to assess the feasibility of using short message service (SMS) texting for daily reporting of Ebola cases under investigation (CUI) in Guinea-Bissau in the context of an ongoing emergency-response training program known as Surveillance Training for Ebola Preparedness (STEP)...
September 2016: Public Health
Mitsuru Toda, Ian Njeru, Dejan Zurovac, Shikanga O-Tipo, David Kareko, Matilu Mwau, Kouichi Morita
We conducted a randomized, controlled trial to test the effectiveness of a text-messaging system used for notification of disease outbreaks in Kenya. Health facilities that used the system had more timely notifications than those that did not (19.2% vs. 2.6%), indicating that technology can enhance disease surveillance in resource-limited settings.
April 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Kangbai Jia, Koroma Mohamed
BACKGROUND: Most underdeveloped countries do not meet core disease outbreak surveillance because of the lack of human resources, laboratory and infrastructural facilities. The use of cell phone technology for disease outbreak syndromic surveillance is a new phenomenon in Sierra Leone despite its successes in other developing countries like Sri Lanka. In this study we set to evaluate the effectiveness of using cell phone technology for Ebola hemorrhagic fever syndromic surveillance in a high risked community in Sierra Leone...
September 2015: African Health Sciences
Molly E Ireland, H Andrew Schwartz, Qijia Chen, Lyle H Ungar, Dolores Albarracín
OBJECTIVE: Future orientation promotes health and well-being at the individual level. Computerized text analysis of a dataset encompassing billions of words used across the United States on Twitter tested whether community-level rates of future-oriented messages correlated with lower human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) rates and moderated the association between behavioral risk indicators and HIV. METHOD: Over 150 million tweets mapped to U.S. counties were analyzed using 2 methods of text analysis...
December 2015: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Annika M Hofstetter, Nathalie DuRivage, Celibell Y Vargas, Stewin Camargo, David K Vawdrey, Allison Fisher, Melissa S Stockwell
OBJECTIVE: Measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination is important for preventing disease outbreaks, yet pockets of under-vaccination persist. Text message reminders have been employed successfully for other pediatric vaccines, but studies examining their use for MMR vaccination are limited. This study assessed the impact of text message reminders on timely MMR vaccination. STUDY DESIGN: Parents (n=2054) of 9.5-10.5-month-old children from four urban academically-affiliated pediatric clinics were randomized to scheduling plus appointment text message reminders, appointment text message reminder-only, or usual care...
October 26, 2015: Vaccine
Mohamad-Ali Trad, Raja Jurdak, Rajib Rana
Access to appropriate health services is a fundamental problem in developing countries, where patients do not have access to information and to the nearest health service facility. We propose building a recommendation system based on simple SMS text messaging to help Ebola patients readily find the closest health service with available and appropriate resources. The system will map people's reported symptoms to likely Ebola case definitions and suitable health service locations. In addition to providing a valuable individual service to people with curable diseases, the proposed system will also predict population-level disease spread risk for infectious diseases using crowd-sourced symptoms from the population...
2015: F1000Research
Jeff N Borchert, Jordan W Tappero, Robert Downing, Trevor Shoemaker, Prosper Behumbiize, Jane Aceng, Issa Makumbi, Melissa Dahlke, Bassam Jarrar, Briana Lozano, Sam Kasozi, Mark Austin, Dru Phillippe, Ian D Watson, Tom J Evans, Timothy Stotish, Scott F Dowell, Michael F Iademarco, Raymond Ransom, Arunmozhi Balajee, Kristi Becknell, Dennis Beauvais, Tadesse Wuhib
Increasingly, the need to strengthen global capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to public health threats around the globe is being recognized. CDC, in partnership with the World Health Organization (WHO), has committed to building capacity by assisting member states with strengthening their national capacity for integrated disease surveillance and response as required by International Health Regulations (IHR). CDC and other U.S. agencies have reinforced their pledge through creation of global health security (GHS) demonstration projects...
January 31, 2014: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Frank Beard, Lucinda Franklin, Steven Donohue, Rodney Moran, Stephen Lambert, Marion Maloney, Jan Humphreys, Jessica Rotty, Nicolee Martin, Michael Lyon, Thomas Tran, Christine Selvey
OBJECTIVE: To describe a 2010 outbreak of nine cases of measles in Australia possibly linked to an index case who travelled on an international flight from South Africa while infectious. METHODS: Three Australian state health departments, Victoria, Queensland and New South Wales, were responsible for the investigation and management of this outbreak, following Australian public health guidelines. RESULTS: An outbreak of measles occurred in Australia after an infectious case arrived on a 12-hour flight from South Africa...
July 2011: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
(no author information available yet)
On Friday, June 28, 2013, the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) routinely reported two cases of cyclosporiasis in its weekly electronic newsletter, the EPI Update. The newsletter's primary audience consists of Iowa's public health officials and health-care providers, but readers also include members of the news media.
August 2, 2013: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
K Denecke, M Krieck, L Otrusina, P Smrz, P Dolog, W Nejdl, E Velasco
OBJECTIVES: Detecting hints to public health threats as early as possible is crucial to prevent harm from the population. However, many disease surveillance strategies rely upon data whose collection requires explicit reporting (data transmitted from hospitals, laboratories or physicians). Collecting reports takes time so that the reaction time grows. Moreover, context information on individual cases is often lost in the collection process. This paper describes a system that tries to address these limitations by processing social media for identifying information on public health threats...
2013: Methods of Information in Medicine
Andrew Bastawrous, Matthew J Armstrong
The evolution of mobile phone technology has introduced new possibilities to the field of medicine. Combining technological advances with medical expertise has led to the use of mobile phones in all healthcare areas including diagnostics, telemedicine, research, reference libraries and interventions. This article provides an overview of the peer-reviewed literature, published between 1 August 2006 and 1 August 2011, for the application of mobile/cell phones (from basic text-messaging systems to smartphones) in healthcare in both resource-poor and high-income countries...
April 2013: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Soatiana Rajatonirina, Jean-Michel Heraud, Laurence Randrianasolo, Arnaud Orelle, Norosoa Harline Razanajatovo, Yolande Nirina Raoelina, Lisette Ravolomanana, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Robinson Ramanjato, Armand Eugène Randrianarivo-Solofoniaina, Vincent Richard
PROBLEM: The revision of the International Health Regulations (IHR) and the threat of influenza pandemics and other disease outbreaks with a major impact on developing countries have prompted bolstered surveillance capacity, particularly in low-resource settings. APPROACH: Surveillance tools with well-timed, validated data are necessary to strengthen disease surveillance. In 2007 Madagascar implemented a sentinel surveillance system for influenza-like illness (ILI) based on data collected from sentinel general practitioners...
May 1, 2012: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Johannes Dreesman, Kerstin Denecke
Early detection of disease outbreaks is crucial for public health officials to react and report in time. Currently, novel approaches and sources of information are investigated to address this challenge. For example, data sources such as blogs or Twitter messages become increasingly important for epidemiologic surveillance. In traditional surveillance, statistical methods are used to interpret reported number of cases or other indicators to potential disease outbreaks. For analyzing data collected from other data sources, in particular for data extracted from unstructured text, it is still unclear whether these methods can be applied...
2011: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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