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Juvenile diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333965/worm-infestations-and-development-of-autoimmunity-in-children-the-abis-study
#1
Johnny Ludvigsson, Michael P Jones, Åshild Faresjö
Worm infestations influence the immune system and may therefore decrease the risk for autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether children who have developed autoimmune disease were less likely to have had worm infestations in childhood. The ABIS-study is a prospective population-based cohort study of children born in southeast Sweden 1997/99. 17.055 children participated. As of June 2014 116 individuals had developed Type 1 diabetes, 181 celiac disease, and 53 Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298568/comparison-of-disease-characteristics-organ-damage-and-survival-in-patients-with-juvenile-onset-and-adult-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-combined-cohort-from-2-tertiary-centers-in-turkey
#2
Bahar Artim-Esen, Sezgin Şahin, Erhan Çene, Yasemin Şahinkaya, Kenan Barut, Amra Adrovic, Yasemin Özlük, Işın Kılıçaslan, Ahmet Omma, Ahmet Gül, Lale Öcal, Özgür Kasapçopur, Murat İnanç
OBJECTIVE: Age at onset has been shown to affect the clinical course and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein, we aimed to define the differences in clinical characteristics, organ damage, and survival between patients with juvenile-onset (jSLE) and adult-onset SLE (aSLE). METHODS: For the study, 719 patients (76.9%) with aSLE and 216 (23.1%) with jSLE were examined. Comparisons between the groups were made for demographic characteristics, clinical features, autoantibody profiles, damage, and survival rates...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281839/glycemic-control-protects-against-trabecular-bone-microarchitectural-damage-in-a-juvenile-male-rat-model-of-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes
#3
Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de Oliveira, Túlio Luiz Durigan Basso, Lucas Amaral Fontanari, Ana Paula de Souza Faloni, Élcio Marcantonio, Silvana Regina Perez Orrico
PURPOSE: To determine which features of the bone microarchitecture are affected by established diabetes mellitus (DM) and the effectiveness of glycemic control in the protection of bone tissue. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty juvenile Wistar male rats were divided into three groups of 20 animals: a control group (C) that included healthy animals, a diabetic group (D) that included animals with induced diabetes, and a controlled diabetic group (CD) that included animals with induced diabetes that were treated with insulin...
March 10, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277284/effects-of-the-use-of-growth-hormone-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#4
Renan Bazuco Frittoli, Barbara Sugui Longui, Amanda Meireles Silva, Antônio de Azevedo Barros Filho, Maria Ângela Reis de Góes Monteiro, Simone Appenzeller
INTRODUCTION: Children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) often have impaired growth and short stature. There is evidence that the therapeutic use of growth hormone (GH) is useful and safe in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of GH use in patients with JIA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature over the last 18 years in Medline and Embase databases. The criteria were analyzed independently by the researchers. We used the following keywords: "growth hormone", "arthritis, juvenile", "arthritis, rheumatoid", "child" and "adolescent"...
July 9, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132032/effect-of-salacia-reticulata-w-and-clitoria-ternatea-l-on-the-cognitive-and-behavioral-changes-in-the-streptozotocin-induced-young-diabetic-rats
#5
R Rajashree, Rajani Patil, Sanjiva D Khlokute, Shivaprasad S Goudar
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) of juvenile onset affects both the peripheral and central nervous systems (CNS). However, central effects are less documented and studied than peripheral deficits. Currently, the only feasible treatment available for type 1 DM (T1DM) is insulin which has its own limitations. Hence, an alternative therapy, especially a newer herbal formulation is very much the need of the time. The present study aimed to determine the effects of the alcoholic extracts of roots of the Salacia reticulata W...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070780/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-adolescents-with-or-without-syndromic-obesity-two-years-follow-up
#6
Angelo Iossa, Francesco De Peppo, Romina Caccamo, Brad Michael Watkins, Francesca Abbatini, Emanuela Ceriati, Gianfranco Silecchia
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is an emerging health problem. Surgical treatment of obese adolescents, particularly those affected by congenital syndrome, represents a controversial issue. The aim of this multicenter study was to retrospectively assess the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in a cohort of adolescents affected by morbid obesity, with or without congenital syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one obese (BMI 49 ± 6 kg/m(2)) adolescents with mean age of 16 ± 3 years (58...
January 9, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065675/altered-expression-of-irs2-and-grb2-in-demyelination-of-peripheral-neurons-implications-in-diabetic-neuropathy
#7
Mallahalli S Manu, Kuruvanthe S Rachana, Gopal M Advirao
Demyelination of the peripheral nerves and dysfunction of Schwann cells (SCs) are the chronic complications involved in the development of peripheral neuropathy among diabetic patients. Insulin signaling plays an important role in restoring the myelin proteins in diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). Since insulin levels are altered in diabetes, it becomes of great interest to appreciate the role and regulation of docking and adaptor protein, how these proteins respond to variations in the levels of insulin as experienced in juvenile diabetes...
December 29, 2016: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941197/-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases-and-accompanying-comorbidities
#8
Maria Majdan
Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases (IMIDs) are a group of unrelated conditions that share common inflammatory pathways with immune dysregulation and imbalance in inflammatory cytokines. The aetiology of these conditions is unknown. IMIDs encompassing disorders as diverse as asthma, type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriasis (Ps), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), uveitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878929/ambulatory-glucose-profile-analysis-of-the-juvenile-diabetes-research-foundation-continuous-glucose-monitoring-dataset-applications-to-the-pediatric-diabetes-population
#9
Gregory P Forlenza, Laura L Pyle, David M Maahs, Timothy C Dunn
BACKGROUND: Increased continuous glucose monitor (CGM) use presents both the benefit and burden of increased data for clinicians to rapidly analyze. The ambulatory glucose profile (AGP) is an evolving a universal software report for CGM data analysis. OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESES: We utilized the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation-CGM dataset to evaluate the AGP across a broad spectrum of patients to show how AGP can be used clinically to assist with CGM-related decision making...
November 23, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875724/the-lifelines-cohort-study-prevalence-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-risk-factors
#10
M Yldau van der Ende, Minke H T Hartman, Yanick Hagemeijer, Laura M G Meems, Hendrik Sierd de Vries, Ronald P Stolk, Rudolf A de Boer, Anna Sijtsma, Peter van der Meer, Michiel Rienstra, Pim van der Harst
BACKGROUND: The LifeLines Cohort Study is a large three-generation prospective study and Biobank. Recruitment and data collection started in 2006 and follow-up is planned for 30years. The central aim of LifeLines is to understand healthy ageing in the 21st century. Here, the study design, methods, baseline and major cardiovascular phenotypes of the LifeLines Cohort Study are presented. METHODS AND RESULTS: Baseline cardiovascular phenotypes were defined in 9700 juvenile (8-18years) and 152,180 adult (≥18years) participants...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830512/the-validation-of-a-computer-adaptive-test-cat-for-assessing-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-in-a-clinical-sample-study-design-methods-and-first-results-of-the-kids-cat-study
#11
D Barthel, C Otto, S Nolte, A-K Meyrose, F Fischer, J Devine, O Walter, A Mierke, K I Fischer, U Thyen, M Klein, T Ankermann, M Rose, U Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: Recently, we developed a computer-adaptive test (CAT) for assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children and adolescents: the Kids-CAT. It measures five generic HRQoL dimensions. The aims of this article were (1) to present the study design and (2) to investigate its psychometric properties in a clinical setting. METHODS: The Kids-CAT study is a longitudinal prospective study with eight measurements over one year at two University Medical Centers in Germany...
November 9, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818684/no-contribution-of-gad-65-and-ia-2-autoantibodies-around-time-of-diagnosis-to-the-increasing-incidence-of-juvenile-type-1-diabetes-a-9-year-nationwide-danish-study
#12
Steffen U Thorsen, Christian B Pipper, Henrik B Mortensen, Flemming Pociot, Jesper Johannesen, Jannet Svensson
Aims. A new perspective on autoantibodies as pivotal players in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) has recently emerged. Our key objective was to examine whether increased levels of autoantibodies against the β-cell autoantigens glutamic acid decarboxylase (isoform 65) (GADA) and insulinoma associated antigen-2A (IA-2A) mirrored the 3.4% annual increase in incidence of T1D. Methods. From the Danish Childhood Diabetes Register, we randomly selected 500 patients and 500 siblings for GADA and IA-2A analysis (1997 through 2005)...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665287/palivizumab-exposure-and-the-risk-of-autoimmune-disease-a-cross-national-cohort-study
#13
Ann Haerskjold, Marie Linder, Lonny Henriksen, Simon Francis Thomsen, Helle Kieler, Henrik Ravn, Lone Graff Stensballe
BACKGROUND: Treatment with biologic pharmaceuticals may be associated with an increased risk of immune-mediated disease. Palivizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody designed to provide passive immunity against respiratory syncytial virus infection. Palivizumab is primarily used in preterm children known to be immunologically immature. The long-term effect of palivizumab in terms of autoimmune diseases has not yet been investigated. AIM: Our objective was to investigate whether exposure to palivizumab was associated with the development of autoimmune diseases in children...
December 2016: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650128/the-human-microbiome-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#14
REVIEW
Anouk Verwoerd, Nienke M Ter Haar, Sytze de Roock, Sebastiaan J Vastert, Debby Bogaert
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood. The pathogenesis of JIA is thought to be the result of a combination of host genetic and environmental triggers. However, the precise factors that determine one's susceptibility to JIA remain to be unravelled. The microbiome has received increasing attention as a potential contributing factor to the development of a wide array of immune-mediated diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis...
September 20, 2016: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605748/metabolic-syndrome-in-childhood-rare-case-of-alstrom-syndrome-with-blindness
#15
Afzal Ahmad, Benedicta D'Souza, Charu Yadav, Ashish Agarwal, Anand Kumar, M Nandini, Vivian D'Souza, A M Poornima, Nutan Kamath
Alstrom's syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal recessive ciliopathic condition affecting 1:10,00,000 children. It's a single gene disorder of ALMS1 on chromosome 2 with multisystem involvement with cone-rod retinal dystrophy causing juvenile blindness, obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 Diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism and sensorineural hearing loss. Till now only 800 patients with this disorder has been identified so far. In this report, we describe the case of a 9-year old male boy from south India. He had been initially referred for polyphagia, polyuria, polydipsia, generalized weakness from 1 weeks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564726/validation-of-international-classification-of-disease-codes-for-the-epidemiological-study-of-dermatomyositis
#16
Michael C Kwa, Kaveh Ardalan, Anne E Laumann, Beatrice Nardone, Dennis P West, Jonathan I Silverberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the validity of using ICD-9-CM code 710.3 to identify adult patients with dermatomyositis in outpatient and inpatient settings. METHODS: Electronic medical records were examined for adult patients with ICD-9 code 710.3 between January 2001 and November 2014 (n=511). Physician diagnosis, clinical findings and diagnostic testing results were recorded. A dermatomyositis rating scale was assigned based on classic cutaneous findings and at least 2 additional clinical and diagnostic findings from the Bohan criteria...
August 26, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471037/modification-and-validation-of-the-triglyceride-to-hdl-cholesterol-ratio-as-a-surrogate-of-insulin-sensitivity-in-white-juveniles-and-adults-without-diabetes-mellitus-the-single-point-insulin-sensitivity-estimator-spise
#17
Katharina Paulmichl, Mensud Hatunic, Kurt Højlund, Aleksandra Jotic, Michael Krebs, Asimina Mitrakou, Francesca Porcellati, Andrea Tura, Peter Bergsten, Anders Forslund, Hannes Manell, Kurt Widhalm, Daniel Weghuber, Christian-Heinz Anderwald
BACKGROUND: The triglyceride-to-HDL cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio was introduced as a tool to estimate insulin resistance, because circulating lipid measurements are available in routine settings. Insulin, C-peptide, and free fatty acids are components of other insulin-sensitivity indices but their measurement is expensive. Easier and more affordable tools are of interest for both pediatric and adult patients. METHODS: Study participants from the Relationship Between Insulin Sensitivity and Cardiovascular Disease [43...
September 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337091/juvenile-exposure-to-a-high-fat-diet-promotes-behavioral-and-limbic-alterations-in-the-absence-of-obesity
#18
Angeles Vinuesa, Carlos Pomilio, Martin Menafra, Maria Marta Bonaventura, Laura Garay, María Florencia Mercogliano, Roxana Schillaci, Victoria Lux Lantos, Fernando Brites, Juan Beauquis, Flavia Saravia
The incidence of metabolic disorders including obesity, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome have seriously increased in the last decades. These diseases - with growing impact in modern societies - constitute major risk factors for neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), sharing insulin resistance, inflammation and associated cognitive impairment. However, cerebral cellular and molecular pathways involved are not yet clearly understood. Thus, our aim was to study the impact of a non-severe high fat diet (HFD) that resembles western-like alimentary habits, particularly involving juvenile stages where the brain physiology and connectivity are in plain maturation...
October 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319272/-peripheral-artery-disease-in-patients-younger-than-50%C3%A2-years-old-which-etiology
#19
REVIEW
S Cotard, A Nouni, V Jaquinandi, G Gladu, A Kaladji, G Mahé
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) encompasses disease of all arteries of the body except the coronary arteries. The main etiology whatever the patient's age is atherosclerosis. Different etiologies can induce PAD especially when patients are younger than 50 years old and have no cardiovascular risk factors (smoking, hypertension, diabetes…). PAD that appears before 50 years old can be named juvenile PAD (JPAD) although there is no consensus about the definition. The aim of this work is to present the different etiologies of JPAD according to their hereditary, acquired or mixed origins...
September 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296531/the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-fifty-czech-m-3243a-g-carriers
#20
V Dvorakova, H Kolarova, M Magner, M Tesarova, H Hansikova, J Zeman, T Honzik
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial myopathy, Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis and Stroke-like episodes syndrome (MELAS) is a common mitochondrial disorder with varying multisystemic clinical manifestation. We present a comprehensive clinical picture of 50 Czech m.3243A>G carriers with emphasis on the sequence of symptoms in symptomatic patients. RESULTS: Symptoms developed in 33 patients (66%) and 17 carriers remained unaffected (34%). The age of onset varied from 1month to 47years of age, with juvenile presentation occurring in 53% of patients...
August 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
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