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"Alcoholics anonymous"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200972/problems-and-service-needs-among-ex-offenders-with-hiv-risk-behaviors-entering-sober-living-recovery-homes
#1
Douglas L Polcin, Rachael Korcha, Amy A Mericle, Elizabeth Mahoney, Jordana Hemberg
There is currently a nationwide effort to decrease the number of persons who are incarcerated in jails and prisons. However, many ex-offenders on probation or parole do not have access to affordable housing and larger proportions have histories of HIV risk as well as substance abuse problems. In California, sober living houses (SLHs) are becoming an increasingly popular housing option for these individuals. Based largely on the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), SLHs require abstinence from alcohol and drugs and provide peer support for recovery...
2017: Criminal Justice Studies (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057032/decreased-drinking-and-alcoholics-anonymous-are-associated-with-different-dimensions-of-spirituality
#2
Amy R Krentzman, Stephen Strobbe, J Irene Harris, Jennifer M Jester, Elizabeth A R Robinson
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a spiritual program and involvement in it has been associated with increases in spirituality. Some who pursue recovery outside AA also use spirituality for support. Decreasing drinking without AA involvement might result in spiritual change, but this has not been explored in previous research. This study investigates drinking and AA behavior to determine their association with seven dimensions of subsequent spirituality. METHODS: A 30-month panel study recruited 364 individuals with alcohol dependence...
September 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057007/the-architecture-of-recovery-two-kinds-of-housing-assistance-for-chronic-homeless-persons-with-substance-use-disorders
#3
Friedner D Wittman, Douglas L Polcin, Dave Sheridan
PURPOSE: Roughly half a million persons in the United States are homeless on any given night and over a third of those individuals have significant alcohol/other drug (AOD) problems. Many are chronically homeless and in need of assistance for a variety of problems. However, the literature on housing services for this population has paid limited attention to comparative analyses contrasting different approaches. APPROACH: We examined the literature on housing models for homeless persons with AOD problems and critically analyzed how service settings and operations aligned with service goals...
2017: Drugs and Alcohol Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052942/genealogies-of-recovery-the-framing-of-therapeutic-ambitions
#4
Brian Brown, Nick Manning
The notion of recovery has become prominent in mental healthcare discourse in the UK, but it is often considered as if it were a relatively novel notion, and as if it represented an alternative to conventional treatment and intervention. In this paper, we explore some of the origins of the notion of recovery in the early 20th century in movements such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Recovery Inc. Whilst these phenomena are not entirely continuous with recovery in the present day, some important antecedents of the contemporary notion can be detected...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910209/effects-of-treatment-type-on-alcohol-consumption-partially-mediated-by-alcoholics-anonymous-attendance
#5
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jamie L Klinger, Jane Witbrodt, Lee Ann Kaskutas
BACKGROUND: As insurance coverage, funding sources and venues for drug and alcohol treatment evolve in the United States, it is important to assess how the type of treatment received may impact long-term outcomes. The current study aims were to examine effects of treatment type on alcohol consumption in the year after treatment intake and to test mediators of effects of treatment type on later alcohol use. METHODS: Longitudinal data from clients in inpatient and outpatient alcohol treatment programs in California (n = 560) were used in ordinary least squares path analysis adjusting for respondent characteristics typically associated with both treatment completion and alcohol use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819349/the-anexo-in-northern-california-an-alcoholics-anonymous-based-recovery-residence-in-latino-communities
#6
Victor Garcia, Anna Pagano, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
Our ethnographic study on help-seeking pathways of Latino immigrants in northern California reveals that they turn to anexos in their treatment and recovery quest. Anexos are linguistically- and culturally-specific recovery houses with origins in Mexico and Alcoholics Anonymous and a long history in Latino communities across the United States. Drawing on the findings of our study, we characterize the anexos and compare them to other recovery residences using National Alliance for Recovery Residences (NARR) criteria...
2017: Journal of Groups in Addiction & Recovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776146/a-focused-addiction-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-student-knowledge-attitudes-and-confidence-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-substance-use
#7
Robert J Feeley, David T Moore, Kirsten Wilkins, Brian Fuehrlein
BACKGROUND: Assessment of attitudes towards addiction in medical students has largely gone unexplored. This study examines the impact of a supplemental substance use disorder curriculum in the psychiatry clerkship on medical student attitudes towards addiction. METHODS: The curriculum was only administered to students at one clerkship site. Subsequently, medical students were surveyed across all sites regarding their attitudes towards addiction. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 37...
August 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476273/treatment-seeking-as-a-mechanism-of-change-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mobile-health-intervention-to-support-recovery-from-alcohol-use-disorders
#8
Joseph E Glass, James R McKay, David H Gustafson, Rachel Kornfield, Paul J Rathouz, Fiona M McTavish, Amy K Atwood, Andrew Isham, Andrew Quanbeck, Dhavan Shah
BACKGROUND: We estimated the efficacy of the Addiction-Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System (A-CHESS) in increasing the use of services for addiction and examined the extent to which this use of services mediated the effects of A-CHESS on risky drinking days and abstinence from drinking. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analyses of the A-CHESS randomized controlled trial. Recruitment occurred in five residential treatment programs operated by two addiction treatment organizations...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447429/mind-the-gap-a-european-viewpoint-on-alcoholics-anonymous
#9
John-Kåre Vederhus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406727/the-experience-of-patients-with-alcohol-misuse-after-surviving-a-critical-illness-a-qualitative-study
#10
Brendan J Clark, Jacqueline Jones, K Diandra Reed, Rachel Hodapp, Ivor S Douglas, David Van Pelt, Ellen L Burnham, Marc Moss
RATIONALE: Alcohol misuse is common in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), but there is currently no evidence-based approach to address drinking in ICU survivors. OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the experience of ICU survivors with alcohol misuse during their hospitalization and the 3 months after hospital discharge to inform an alcohol-specific intervention for this unique population. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive qualitative study of ICU survivors from medical ICUs in three separate hospitals with a positive screening result on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test...
July 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390078/are-societies-paying-unnecessarily-for-an-otherwise-free-lunch-final-musings-on-the-research-on-alcoholics-anonymous-and-its-mechanisms-of-behavior-change
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383206/what-is-alcoholics-anonymous-a-path-from-addiction-to-recovery-marc-galanter-new-york-usa-oxford-university-press-2016-isbn-9780190276560-255-pp-paperback-price-%C3%A2-19-99
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317510/predictors-and-outcomes-of-twelve-step-sponsorship-of-stimulant-users-secondary-analyses-of-a-multisite-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis C Wendt, Kevin A Hallgren, Dennis C Daley, Dennis M Donovan
OBJECTIVE: This secondary data analysis explored predictors and outcomes of having a 12-step sponsor among individuals receiving treatment for stimulant use disorders, inclusive of four types of 12-step groups (Narcotics Anonymous, Alcoholics Anonymous, Cocaine Anonymous, and Crystal Meth Anonymous). METHOD: For a multisite randomized clinical trial, participants (N = 471; 59% women) were recruited among adult patients in 10 U.S. community treatment programs. Participants were randomized into treatment as usual (TAU) or a 12-step facilitation (TSF) intervention: Stimulant Abuser Groups to Engage in 12-Step (STAGE-12)...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145048/implications-for-future-research-on-drivers-of-change-and-alternatives-to-alcoholics-anonymous
#14
Sarah E Zemore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080094/lifetime-alcoholics-anonymous-attendance-as-a-predictor-of-spiritual-gains-in-the-relapse-replication-and-extension-project-rrep
#15
J Scott Tonigan, Elizabeth A McCallion, Tessa Frohe, Matthew R Pearson
This study investigated the association between extent of lifetime attendance in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and spiritual gains among treatment seeking adults for alcohol use disorder. Participants included 246 individuals from 2 of the 3 sites in the Relapse Replication and Extension Project (Lowman, Allen, Stout, & The Relapse Research Group, 1996). Baseline characteristics included 63% male, 39.9% single, and the average age was 34 years (SD = 8.2). The Alcoholics Anonymous Involvement questionnaire (Tonigan, Connors, & Miller, 1996) was used to assess lifetime AA attendance...
February 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051978/long-term-outcomes-after-residential-substance-use-treatment-relapse-morbidity-and-mortality
#16
Kathleen P Decker, Stephanie L Peglow, Carl R Samples, Tina D Cunningham
A cohort of 207 veterans admitted to a residential substance use treatment program was followed for 5 years following discharge to determine factors associated with reduced relapse or mortality following discharge. Subsequent utilization of medical and psychiatric hospitalization and emergency room utilization was also examined. Retrospective chart review was conducted using demographic, diagnostic, and prior treatment as independent variables. Dependent variables included aftercare compliance and subsequent morbidity as measured by relapse, emergency room visits, subsequent hospitalizations, and mortality...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936333/alcohol-use-disorder-in-older-adults-challenges-in-assessment-and-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Mary C DiBartolo, Judith M Jarosinski
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a common, under-recognized, and under-treated health concern in older adults. Its prevalence is expected to reach unprecedented levels as the U.S. population ages; consequently, it is poised to place a significant burden on the healthcare system. Given the growing body of evidence regarding the patterns of use in this age group and the serious consequences of its misuse, it is critical that nurses and other healthcare providers assess for AUD in order to identify older adults in need of treatment...
January 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892692/changes-in-depression-mediate-the-effects-of-aa-attendance-on-alcohol-use-outcomes
#18
Claire E Wilcox, J Scott Tonigan
BACKGROUND: Depression may contribute to increased drinking in individuals with alcohol use disorder. Although Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) attendance predicts drinking reductions, there is conflicting information regarding the intermediary role played by reductions in depression. OBJECTIVES: We explored whether AA attendance reduces depressive symptoms, the degree to which improvement in depression results in reductions in drinking, and in which subgroups these effects occur...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718303/is-alcoholics-anonymous-religious-spiritual-neither-findings-from-25%C3%A2-years-of-mechanisms-of-behavior-change-research
#19
John F Kelly
BACKGROUND: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a world-wide recovery mutual-help organization that continues to arouse controversy. In large part, concerns persist because of AA's ostensibly quasi-religious/spiritual orientation and emphasis. In 1990 the United States' Institute of Medicine called for more studies on AA's effectiveness and its mechanisms of behavior change (MOBC) stimulating a flurry of federally funded research. This paper reviews the religious/spiritual origins of AA and its program and contrasts its theory with findings from this latest research...
June 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491962/barriers-to-successful-treatment-of-alcohol-addiction-as-perceived-by-healthcare-professionals-in-thailand-a-delphi-study-about-obstacles-and-improvement-suggestions
#20
Kulnaree Hanpatchaiyakul, Henrik Eriksson, Jureerat Kijsomporn, Gunnel Östlund
BACKGROUND: Many Thai people experiencing alcohol addiction do not seek help, and those who do often have inadequate access to treatment. There are few research studies focusing on alcohol addiction treatment in Thailand. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to identify barriers to the treatment of alcohol addiction and to collect experts' suggestions for improving treatment in Thailand. The Delphi technique was used to achieve consensual agreement among an expert panel within the field of alcohol addiction and treatment...
2016: Global Health Action
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