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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892692/changes-in-depression-mediate-the-effects-of-aa-attendance-on-alcohol-use-outcomes
#1
Claire E Wilcox, J Scott Tonigan
BACKGROUND: Depression may contribute to increased drinking in individuals with alcohol use disorder. Although Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) attendance predicts drinking reductions, there is conflicting information regarding the intermediary role played by reductions in depression. OBJECTIVES: We explored whether AA attendance reduces depressive symptoms, the degree to which improvement in depression results in reductions in drinking, and in which subgroups these effects occur...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718303/is-alcoholics-anonymous-religious-spiritual-neither-findings-from-25%C3%A2-years-of-mechanisms-of-behavior-change-research
#2
John F Kelly
BACKGROUND: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is a world-wide recovery mutual-help organization that continues to arouse controversy. In large part, concerns persist because of AA's ostensibly quasi-religious/spiritual orientation and emphasis. In 1990 the United States' Institute of Medicine called for more studies on AA's effectiveness and its mechanisms of behavior change (MOBC) stimulating a flurry of federally funded research. This paper reviews the religious/spiritual origins of AA and its program and contrasts its theory with findings from this latest research...
October 8, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491962/barriers-to-successful-treatment-of-alcohol-addiction-as-perceived-by-healthcare-professionals-in-thailand-a-delphi-study-about-obstacles-and-improvement-suggestions
#3
Kulnaree Hanpatchaiyakul, Henrik Eriksson, Jureerat Kijsomporn, Gunnel Östlund
BACKGROUND: Many Thai people experiencing alcohol addiction do not seek help, and those who do often have inadequate access to treatment. There are few research studies focusing on alcohol addiction treatment in Thailand. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to identify barriers to the treatment of alcohol addiction and to collect experts' suggestions for improving treatment in Thailand. The Delphi technique was used to achieve consensual agreement among an expert panel within the field of alcohol addiction and treatment...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439353/alcoholics-anonymous-and-other-mutual-help-organizations-impact-of-a-45-minute-didactic-for-primary-care-and-categorical-internal-medicine-residents
#4
David Marcovitz, Julie V Cristello, John F Kelly
BACKGROUND: Substance-use disorders (SUD) are highly prevalent among primary care patients. One evidence-based, cost-effective referral option are ubiquitous mutual-help organizations (MHOs) like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA) and SMART Recovery, however, little is known about how to effectively increase trainee knowledge and confidence with these referrals. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate whether a single 45-minute combined lecture and role play-based didactic for primary care residents could enhance knowledge, improve attitudes and bolster confidence in referring patients with addictions to community MHOs...
July 20, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438471/community-effect-of-alcoholism-a-photovoice-study-in-saint-vincent-and-the-grenadines
#5
Adrienne Isobel Rosenthal, Lindsay Mayott, Daniel Jack Lyons, Karen Providence, Arlitha Scott, Ynolde Smart, Craig L Katz
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the Saint Vincent/Grenadines Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment have been collaborating since 2012 in addressing the plight of alcoholism in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG). SVG is a middle-income country with few resources available for those who suffer from alcohol use disorders, and these efforts have centered on establishing and monitoring alcohol self-help groups based on the "Alcoholics Anonymous model" (AA model) in several communities in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines...
July 20, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431050/predictors-of-12-step-attendance-and-participation-for-individuals-with-stimulant-use-disorders
#6
Mary Hatch-Maillette, Elizabeth A Wells, Suzanne R Doyle, Gregory S Brigham, Dennis Daley, Jessica DiCenzo, Dennis Donovan, Sharon Garrett, Viviana E Horigian, Lindsay Jenkins, Therese Killeen, Mandy Owens, Harold I Perl
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the effectiveness of 12-step peer recovery support programs with drug use disorders, especially stimulant use, and it is difficult to know how outcomes related to 12-step attendance and participation generalize to individuals with non-alcohol substance use disorders (SUDs). METHOD: A clinical trial of 12-step facilitation (N=471) focusing on individuals with cocaine or methamphetamine use disorders allowed examination of four questions: Q1) To what extent do treatment-seeking stimulant users use 12-step programs and, which ones? Q2) Do factors previously found to predict 12-step participation among those with alcohol use disorders also predict participation among stimulant users? Q3) What specific baseline "12-step readiness" factors predict subsequent 12-step participation and attendance? And Q4) Does stimulant drug of choice differentially predict 12-step participation and attendance? RESULTS: The four outcomes variables, attendance, speaking, duties at 12-step meetings, and other peer recovery support activities, were not related to baseline demographic or substance problem history or severity...
September 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429548/developing-and-testing-twelve-step-facilitation-for-adolescents-with-substance-use-disorder-manual-development-and-preliminary-outcomes
#7
John F Kelly, Julie D Yeterian, Julie V Cristello, Yifrah Kaminer, Christopher W Kahler, Christine Timko
Adolescent substance use disorder treatment programs are often based on the 12-step philosophy of Alcoholics Anonymous and/or link adolescents to these free resources. Despite this, no studies have developed and rigorously tested a twelve-step facilitation (TSF) intervention for young people, leaving a significant evidence gap. This study describes the first systematic development of an outpatient adolescent TSF treatment. An integrated twelve-step facilitation (iTSF) treatment incorporated TSF, motivational enhancement therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy elements and was developed in an iterative manner with weekly feedback provided by 36 adolescents (M age 17 years [SD = 1...
2016: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429509/humility-and-12-step-recovery-a-prolegomenon-for-the-empirical-investigation-of-a-cardinal-virtue-in-alcoholics-anonymous
#8
Stephen G Post, Maria E Pagano, Matthew T Lee, Byron R Johnson
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) offers a live stage to study how humility is worn by thousands for another day of sobriety and more freedom from the bondage of self. It has been the coauthors' intent to emphasize the significance of humility as a cardinal virtue across the 12-Step program and as essential to all its key elements. The coauthors have placed this emphasis in the context of a wider theological history of thought as this converged on Bill W. and AA. In addition, the coauthors have offered a constructive developmental interpretation of the 12 Steps that relies on a model of four modulations of humility...
2016: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354234/network-support-ii-randomized-controlled-trial-of-network-support-treatment-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#9
Mark D Litt, Ronald M Kadden, Howard Tennen, Elise Kabela-Cormier
BACKGROUND: The social network of those treated for alcohol use disorder can play a significant role in subsequent drinking behavior, both for better and worse. Network Support treatment was devised to teach ways to reconstruct social networks so that they are more supportive of abstinence and less supportive of drinking. For many patients this may involve engagement with AA, but other strategies are also used. PURPOSE: The current trial of Network Support treatment, building on our previous work, was intended to further enhance the ability of patients to construct abstinence-supportive social networks, and to test this approach against a strong control treatment...
August 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27219070/are-there-gender-differences-in-locus-of-control-specific-to-alcohol-dependence
#10
Andrew McPherson, Colin R Martin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate gender differences in locus of control in an alcohol dependent population. BACKGROUND: Locus of control helps to explain behaviour in terms of internal (the individual is responsible) or external (outside forces, such as significant other people or chance are responsible) elements. Past research on gender differences in locus of control in relation to alcohol dependence has shown mixed results. There is a need then to examine gender and locus of control in relation to alcohol dependence to ascertain the veracity of any locus of control differences as a function of gender...
May 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217279/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-evaluation-research-for-adults-who-have-participated-in-the-smart-recovery-mutual-support-programme
#11
Alison K Beck, Amanda Baker, Peter J Kelly, Frank P Deane, Anthony Shakeshaft, David Hunt, Erin Forbes, John F Kelly
INTRODUCTION: Self-Management and Recovery Training (SMART Recovery) offers an alternative to predominant 12-step approaches to mutual aid (eg, alcoholics anonymous). Although the principles (eg, self-efficacy) and therapeutic approaches (eg, motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural therapy) of SMART Recovery are evidence based, further clarity regarding the direct evidence of its effectiveness as a mutual aid package is needed. Relative to methodologically rigorous reviews supporting the efficacy of 12-step approaches, to date, reviews of SMART Recovery have been descriptive...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182026/-factors-influencing-quality-of-life-of-alcoholics-anonymous-members-in-korea
#12
Jae Soon Yoo, Jongeun Lee, Woo Young Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine quality of life (QOL) related factors in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) members based on PRECEDE Model. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted with participants (N =203) from AA meeting in 11 alcohol counsel centers all over South Korea. Data were collected using a specially designed questionnaire based on the PRECEDE model and including QOL, epidemiological factors (including depression and perceived health status), behavioral factors (continuous abstinence and physical health status and practice), predisposing factors (abstinence self-efficacy and self-esteem), reinforcing factors (social capital and family functioning), and enabling factors...
April 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015258/an-initial-fmri-study-on-neural-correlates-of-prayer-in-members-of-alcoholics-anonymous
#13
Marc Galanter, Zoran Josipovic, Helen Dermatis, Jochen Weber, Mary Alice Millard
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with alcohol-use disorders who had experienced alcohol craving before joining Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) report little or no craving after becoming long-term members. Their use of AA prayers may contribute to this. Neural mechanisms underlying this process have not been delineated. OBJECTIVE: To define experiential and neural correlates of diminished alcohol craving following AA prayers among members with long-term abstinence. METHODS: Twenty AA members with long-term abstinence participated...
March 25, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26961963/recovery-benefits-of-the-therapeutic-alliance-among-12-step-mutual-help-organization-attendees-and-their-sponsors
#14
John F Kelly, M Claire Greene, Brandon G Bergman
BACKGROUND: The "therapeutic alliance" between clinicians and patients has been associated with treatment response and outcomes in professionally-delivered psychotherapies. Although 12-step mutual help organizations (MHOs), such as Alcoholics Anonymous, are the most commonly sought source of support for individuals with substance use disorder (SUD), little is known about whether a stronger alliance in comparable MHO relationships between 12-step sponsors and those they help ("sponsees") confers benefits similar to those observed in professional contexts...
May 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26961420/utilization-of-alcohol-treatment-among-hiv-positive-women-with-hazardous-drinking
#15
Xingdi Hu, Jeffrey Harman, Almut G Winterstein, Yue Zhong, Amber L Wheeler, Tonya N Taylor, Michael Plankey, Anna Rubtsova, Karen Cropsey, Mardge H Cohen, Adaora A Adimora, Joel Milam, Adebola Adedimeji, Robert L Cook
Hazardous alcohol consumption has been frequently reported among women with HIV infection and is associated with a variety of negative health consequences. Treatments to reduce alcohol use may bring in health benefits. However, little is known regarding the utilization of alcohol treatment services among HIV+ women with hazardous drinking. Using data from the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), this study assessed utilization of any alcohol treatment in the past 6 months and performed multivariable logistic regression to determine correlates of receipt of any alcohol treatment...
May 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26938408/twelve-steps-aa-companion-alcoholics-anonymous-app
#16
Layla Haidrani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898715/reliability-and-validity-of-an-observational-measure-of-client-decision-making-the-client-language-assessment-proximal-distal-cla-pd
#17
Molly Magill, Timothy R Apodaca, Mitchell Karno, Jacques Gaume, Ayla Durst, Justin Walthers, Robert L Stout, Carlo DiClemente
OVERVIEW: The Client Language Assessment - Proximal/Distal (CLA-PD) is a language rating system for measuring client decision-making in interventions that target a specified behavior change (e.g., alcohol or other drug use). In the CLA-PD, there are five dimensions of change language (Reason, Ability, Commitment, Taking Steps, Other) adapted from the client portion of the Motivational Interviewing Skill Code (MISC). For the CLA-PD, language codes are sub-divided to discriminate statements regarding the primary, or target behavior change (distal change) from the intermediate coping activities (proximal change) that are prescribed to facilitate that target behavior change...
April 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626009/alcoholic-patients-response-to-their-disease-perspective-of-patients-and-family
#18
Joaquín Salvador Lima-Rodríguez, María Dolores Guerra-Martín, Isabel Domínguez-Sánchez, Marta Lima-Serrano
OBJECTIVE: To know the perspective of alcoholic patients and their families about the behavioral characteristics of the disease, identifying the issues to modify the addictive behavior and seek rehabilitation. METHOD: Ethnographic research using interpretative anthropology, via participant observation and a detailed interview with alcoholic patients and their families, members of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Alanon in Spain. RESULTS: Development of disease behavior in alcoholism is complex due to the issues of interpreting the consumption model as a disease sign...
November 2015: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26604434/how-should-we-study-residential-recovery-homes
#19
Douglas L Polcin
PURPOSE: Persons with serious alcohol and drug problems who are attempting to maintain abstinence often lack an alcohol and drug free living environment that supports sustained recovery. Residential recovery homes, called "sober living houses" in California, are alcohol and drug-free living environments that offer long-term support for persons with addictive disorders. They do not offer formal treatment services but usually encourage or mandate attendance at self-help recovery groups such as Alcoholics Anonymous...
October 1, 2015: Therapeutic Communities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26555138/integrating-intervention-for-substance-use-disorder-in-a-healthcare-setting-practice-and-outcomes-in-new-york-city-std-clinics
#20
Jiang Yu, Phil Appel, Meighan Rogers, Susan Blank, Carrie Davis, Barbara Warren, Anthony Freeman, Brett Harris, Shazia Hussain
OBJECTIVE: This article reports the integration and outcomes of implementing intervention services for substance use disorder (SUD) in three New York City public sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics. METHODS: The screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) service model was implemented in the STD clinics in 2008. A relational database was developed, which included screening results, service dispositions, face-to-face interviews with 6-month follow-ups, and treatment information...
2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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