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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919103/primary-care-based-models-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-use-disorder-a-scoping-review
#1
P Todd Korthuis, Dennis McCarty, Melissa Weimer, Christina Bougatsos, Ian Blazina, Bernadette Zakher, Sara Grusing, Beth Devine, Roger Chou
Greater integration of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) in U.S. primary care settings would expand access to treatment for this condition. Models for integrating MAT into primary care vary in structure. This article summarizes findings of a technical report for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality describing MAT models of care for OUD, based on a literature review and interviews with key informants in the field. The report describes 12 representative models of care for integrating MAT into primary care settings that could be considered for adaptation across diverse health care settings...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918405/certified-registered-nurse-anesthetist-perceptions-of-factors-impacting-patient-safety
#2
Susan P McMullan, Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins, Maria R Shirey
Certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) provide more than 40 million anesthetics each year in the United States. This article describes a study that investigates relationships among CRNA organizational structures (CRNA practice models, work setting, workload, level of education, work experience), CRNA ratings of patient safety culture, and CRNA adverse anesthesia-related event (ARE) reporting. This is a cross-sectional survey study of 336 CRNAs randomly selected from American Association of Nurse Anesthetists database...
January 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915360/patient-safety-organizations-and-emergency-medical-services
#3
William J Leggio, Lee Varner, Kathryn Wire
Providing safe and error-free patient care should resonate well with all healthcare providers including emergency medical technicians. The environments and circumstances in which emergency medical services (EMS) provide patient care inevitably create risks to both the provider and patient. This article explores the concepts of patient safety, errors, near misses, adverse events, and Just Culture. Literature raises concerns about the lack of data collection on both patient and provider safety and research on these safety topics in EMS...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911347/smartphone-applications-for-immersive-virtual-reality-therapy-for-internet-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder
#4
Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
There have been rapid advances in technologies over the past decade and virtual reality technology is an area which is increasingly utilized as a healthcare intervention in many disciplines including that of Medicine, Surgery and Psychiatry. In Psychiatry, most of the current interventions involving the usage of virtual reality technology is limited to its application for anxiety disorders. With the advances in technology, Internet addiction and Internet gaming disorders are increasingly prevalent. To date, these disorders are still being treated using conventional psychotherapy methods such as cognitive behavioural therapy...
November 25, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909040/association-between-organisational-and-workplace-cultures-and-patient-outcomes-systematic-review-protocol
#5
J Braithwaite, J Herkes, K Ludlow, G Lamprell, L Testa
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread interest in the topic, no current synthesis of research is available analysing the linkages between organisational or workplace cultures on the one hand, and patient outcomes on the other. This protocol proposes a systematic review to analyse and synthesise the literature to date on this topic. The resulting review will discuss characteristics of included studies in terms of the type of healthcare settings researched, the measurements of organisational and workplace culture, patient outcomes measured and the influence of these cultures on patient outcomes...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906733/routine-inpatient-human-immunodeficiency-virus-screening-missed-prevention-opportunities
#6
Daniel C Baker
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: This article reviews the current guidelines for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening among inpatients and explores adherence to the guidelines and barriers to their implementation. BACKGROUND: In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released updated recommendations suggesting HIV screening for all patients in all healthcare settings. DESCRIPTION: A nonsystematic review of current HIV screening guidelines, as well as research and nonresearch literature, addressing rates of inpatient screening was performed...
January 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906485/chinese-version-of-the-patient-continuity-of-care-questionnaire-reliability-and-validity-assessment
#7
Hsiao-Mei Chen, Ching-Min Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to examine the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Patient Continuity of Care Questionnaire (PCCQ) to see whether the PCCQ can be applied in Chinese context. BACKGROUND: The rapid increase in the number of older adults with chronic diseases has made caring for this vulnerable population a priority healthcare issue in Taiwan. The PCCQ has been widely used in international studies. However research has not yet assessed the suitability and applicability of the PCCQ in Taiwan...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906481/experience-and-nursing-needs-of-school-age-children-undergoing-lumbar-puncture-during-the-treatment-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-descriptive-and-qualitative-study
#8
Anwei Xie, Yuying Shan, Mei E Niu, Yi Chen, Xiya Wang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe experiences and nursing needs of school-age Chinese children undergoing lumbar puncture for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture is an invasive procedure, causing psychological changes and physical discomfort in patients. In a previous study, it was proved that distraction intervention, such as music therapy, relieves pain and anxiety. There is limited evidence regarding the experience and needs of school-age children during lumbar puncture after being diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905860/a-scoping-review-on-models-of-integrative-medicine-what-is-known-from-the-existing-literature
#9
Eun Jin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeong Sang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) has been recognized and introduced into Western healthcare systems over the past two decades. Limited information on IM models is available to guide development of an optimal healthcare service. A scoping review was carried out to evaluate IM models in the extant literature, including the distinctive features of each model, to gain an understanding of the core requirements needed to develop models of IM that best meet the needs of patients. DESIGN: Directed content analysis was used to classify the IM models into systems based on coding schema developed from theoretical models and to identify the key concepts of each system...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905677/coping-and-caring-support-resources-integral-to-perioperative-nurses-during-the-process-of-organ-procurement-surgery
#10
Zaneta Smith, Gavin Leslie, Dianne Wynaden
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This paper, discusses and explores the levels of support provided to perioperative nurses' when participating in multi-organ procurement surgery and the impact to their overall well-being. BACKGROUND: Assisting within multi-organ procurement surgical procedures has been recognised to impact on the well-being of perioperative nurses leaving little opportunity for them to recover from their participation or to seek available support resources. To date, this area has remained largely unexplored with limited evidence of how nurses manage and cope with these procedures, in addition to the support received in the workplace...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905155/optimising-qualitative-longitudinal-analysis-insights-from-a-study-of-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-adaptation
#11
Joanna K Fadyl, Alexis Channon, Alice Theadom, Kathryn M McPherson
Knowledge about aspects that influence recovery and adaptation in the postacute phase of disabling health events is key to understanding how best to provide appropriate rehabilitation and health services. Qualitative longitudinal research makes it possible to look for patterns, key time points and critical moments that could be vital for interventions and supports. However, strategies that support robust data management and analysis for longitudinal qualitative research in health-care are not well documented in the literature...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904819/an-overview-of-compassionate-use-programs-in-the-european-union-member-states
#12
REVIEW
Gayathri Balasubramanian, Suman Morampudi, Pankdeep Chhabra, Arun Gowda, Behsad Zomorodi
The past decade witnessed rapid development of novel drugs and therapeutic biological agents. The marketing authorization for novel therapies is often time consuming and distressing for patients. Earlier clinical trials were the only way to access new drugs under development. However, not every patient meets the enrolment criteria, and participation is difficult for patients with life-threatening, long-lasting or seriously debilitating diseases like rare diseases. Early access programs like "Compassionate Use Program (CUP)" have generated alternative channels for such patients...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899106/which-aspects-of-health-care-are-most-valued-by-people-living-with-hiv-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
V Cooper, J Clatworthy, E Youssef, C Llewellyn, A Miners, M Lagarde, M Sachikonye, N Perry, E Nixon, A Pollard, C Sabin, C Foreman, M Fisher
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of people with HIV are living into older age and experiencing comorbidities. The development of new models of care to meet the needs of this population is now a priority. It is important that the views and preferences of patients inform the development of services in order to maintain high levels of patient satisfaction and engagement. The aim of this systematic review was to determine which aspects of healthcare are particularly valued by people living with HIV...
November 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898554/a-history-of-pas-in-the-us-public-health-service
#14
Mark F McKinnon, Epifanio Elizondo, Susan M Bonfiglio, Robin N Hunter-Buskey, Frances P Placide, Rebecca A Bunnell
Since 1798, the men and women of the Commissioned Corps of the US Public Health Service (USPHS), one of the seven US uniformed services, have served on the front lines of public health. Two hundred years after the start of the USPHS, the first physician assistant (PA) entered the service to carry on the tradition of protecting, promoting, and advancing the health and safety of the nation. These dedicated clinicians are involved in healthcare delivery to underserved and vulnerable populations, disease control and prevention, biomedical research, food and drug regulation, and national and international response efforts for natural and man-made disasters...
December 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895832/clostridium-difficile-a-healthcare-associated-infection-of-unknown-significance-in-adults-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
REVIEW
Alexander J Keeley, Nicholas J Beeching, Katharine E Stott, Paul Roberts, Alastair J Watson, Michael Bj Beadsworth
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) causes a high burden of disease in high-resource healthcare systems, with significant morbidity, mortality, and financial implications. CDI is a healthcare-associated infection for which the primary risk factor is antibiotic usage, and it is the leading cause of bacterial diarrhoea in HIV-infected patients in the United States. Little is known about the disease burden of CDI in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV and healthcare-associated infections are more prevalent and antibiotic usage is less restricted...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895066/protocol-of-the-swiss-longitudinal-cohort-study-swicos-in-rural-switzerland
#17
Andreas W Schoenenberger, Franco Muggli, Gianfranco Parati, Augusto Gallino, Georg Ehret, Paolo M Suter, Renate Schoenenberger-Berzins, Therese J Resink, Paul Erne
INTRODUCTION: Increased longevity and consequent major changes in demographics and population lifestyles necessitate new approaches to reduce the burden of ageing-related diseases (including cardiovascular disease) and maintain an optimal quality of life. This study aims to examine and longitudinally follow health status and disease risk factors in a Swiss rural cohort, evaluating all health-related research and practice disciplines to assure development of new implementable and successful preventive strategies for healthy ageing...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893648/quantity-and-quality-of-economic-evaluations-in-u-s-nursing-research-1997-2015-a-systematic-review
#18
Wendy A Cook, Megan L Morrison, Linda H Eaton, Brian R Theodore, Ardith Z Doorenbos
BACKGROUND: The United States has a complex healthcare system that is undergoing substantial reformations. There is a need for high-quality, economic evaluations of nursing practice. An updated review of completed economic evaluations relevant to the field of nursing within the U.S. healthcare system is timely and needed. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and describe the quantity and quality of economic evaluations in nursing-relevant research performed in the United States between 1997 and 2015...
November 23, 2016: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889945/social-media-in-colorectal-surgery
#19
Steven D Wexner, Andrea M Petrucci, Richard R Brady, Marie Ennis-O'Connor, Edward Fitzgerald, Julio Mayol
Social media engagement in healthcare continues to expand. For members of the colorectal community, social media has already made a significant impact on practice, education and patient care. The applications are unique such that they provide a platform for instant communication and information sharing with other users worldwide. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of how social media has the potential to change clinical practice, training, research and patient care in colorectal surgery...
November 27, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889383/a-systematic-review-examining-factors-predicting-favourable-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioural-interventions-for-psychosis
#20
REVIEW
J O'Keeffe, R Conway, B McGuire
Psychosis is a debilitating mental health condition affecting approximately 4 persons per 1000. Cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) has been shown to be an effective treatment for psychosis and is recommended by several national guidelines. CBTp does not work equally well with everyone, however, with some 50% of clients receiving little benefit. This review sets out to systematically assess the literature and methodological quality of a number of studies, which examine factors predicting successful outcome in CBTp...
November 23, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
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