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HealthCare Articles & Research.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679849/global-analysis-of-advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-decade-report-2005-2015
#1
Fatima Cardoso, Danielle Spence, Shirley Mertz, Dian Corneliussen-James, Kimberly Sabelko, Julie Gralow, Maria-João Cardoso, Fedro Peccatori, Diego Paonessa, Ann Benares, Naomi Sakurai, Marc Beishon, Sarah-Jane Barker, Musa Mayer
Approximately 0.5 million people worldwide die from metastatic breast cancer (mBC) every year. This manuscript provides an overview on the status of mBC in several regions of the world, highlighting the gaps in care, resources, and support available for patients with mBC. Primary research was conducted in 2015 and 2016, comprising four global qualitative and quantitative surveys of approximately 15,000 individuals in 34 countries. Secondary research was conducted using literature reviews of peer-reviewed publications, patient survey reports, and media or online articles...
April 18, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679402/person-centred-leadership-a-relational-approach-to-leadership-derived-through-action-research
#2
Shaun Cardiff, Brendan McCormack, Tanya McCance
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: How does person-centred leadership manifest in clinical nursing. BACKGROUND: Person-centred practice fosters healthful relationships and is gaining increasing attention in nursing and healthcare, but nothing is known about the influence of a person-centred approach to leadership practice. Most leadership models used in nursing were originally developed outside of nursing. DESIGN: A three year participatory action research study where participant leaders planned, researched and learned from their practice development...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679132/-self-reported-vision-in-gerontological-health-services-research-and-practice-an-opening-plea
#3
REVIEW
J Köberlein-Neu, A Seifert, I Himmelsbach
The use of self-reported vision is an integral part of most population surveys and is primarily used for healthcare monitoring. Since the patient's assessment is not always consistent with the objectively measured clinical parameters, the majority of the literature looks critically at the adequacy of self-reported vision, particularly with respect to answering epidemiological questions; however, it is often misunderstood that self-reported vision measures far more than the directly derived information show...
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678096/developing-an-ehealth-tool-to-support-patient-empowerment-at-home
#4
Kristina Schildmeijer, Carolina Wannheden, Lina Nilsson, Oscar Frykholm, Amanda Hellström, Maria Flink, Mirjam Ekstedt
In previous research we have learned that patients with chronic or complex diseases often experience difficulties when transitioning from hospital care to self-care in their home. We address these difficulties by developing an eHealth tool for patients - ePATH (electronic Patient Activation in Treatment at Home) - intended to empower each patient to manage their individual situation. We have employed a user-centered design process involving both patients and healthcare personnel to specify the content and functionality of ePATH...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673604/concurrence-of-big-data-analytics-and-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Nishita Mehta, Anil Pandit
BACKGROUND: The application of Big Data analytics in healthcare has immense potential for improving the quality of care, reducing waste and error, and reducing the cost of care. PURPOSE: This systematic review of literature aims to determine the scope of Big Data analytics in healthcare including its applications and challenges in its adoption in healthcare. It also intends to identify the strategies to overcome the challenges. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the articles was carried out on five major scientific databases: ScienceDirect, PubMed, Emerald, IEEE Xplore and Taylor & Francis...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672467/concepts-for-the-simulation-community-development-of-the-international-simulation-data-registry
#6
Aaron William Calhoun, Vinay Nadkarni, Carla Venegas-Borsellino, Marjorie Lee White, Matt Kurrek
The past several decades have seen tremendous growth in our understanding of best practices in simulation-based healthcare education. At present, however, there is limited infrastructure available to assist programs in translation of these best practices into more standardized educational approaches, higher quality of care, and ultimately improved outcomes. In 2014, the International Simulation Data Registry (ISDR) was launched to address this important issue. The existence of such a registry has important implications not just for educational practice but also for research...
April 18, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671279/lupus-an-unrecognized-leading-cause-of-death-in-young-women-population-based-study-using-nationwide-death-certificates-2000-2015
#7
Eric Y Yen, Ram R Singh
OBJECTIVE: Mortality statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is used for planning healthcare policy and allocating resources. CDC uses this data to compile its annual leading-causes-of-death ranking based on a selected list of 113 causes. SLE is not included on this list. Since the cause-of-death ranking is a useful tool for assessing the relative burden of cause-specific mortality, we ranked SLE deaths among CDC's leading causes-of-death to see whether SLE is a significant cause of death among women...
April 18, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670916/readiness-of-sub-saharan-africa-healthcare-systems-for-the-new-pandemic-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Bernardo Nuche-Berenguer, Linda E Kupfer
Background: Effective health systems are needed to care for the coming surge of diabetics in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Objective: We conducted a systematic review of literature to determine the capacity of SSA health systems to manage diabetes. Methodology: We used three different databases (Embase, Scopus, and PubMed) to search for studies, published from 2004 to 2017, on diabetes care in SSA. Results: Fifty-five articles met the inclusion criteria, covering the different aspects related to diabetes care such as availability of drugs and diagnostic tools, the capacity of healthcare workers, and the integration of diabetes care into HIV and TB platforms...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668519/using-essential-oils-to-enhance-nursing-practice-and-for-self-care
#9
Melissa E Allard, Julie Katseres
With the growing popularity of integrative medicine, essential oils have found their way back into healthcare. Essential oils provide a simple way to alleviate certain physical symptoms, promote emotional well-being, and provide comfort. This article discusses the administration and common uses of essential oils; their reported benefits, potential risks, and contraindications; and the current state of associated research.
May 17, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667952/useful-pharmacodynamic-endpoints-in-children-selection-measurement-and-next-steps
#10
REVIEW
Lauren E Kelly, Yashwant Sinha, Charlotte I S Barker, Joseph F Standing, Martin Offringa
Pharmacodynamic (PD) endpoints are essential for establishing the benefit-to-risk ratio for therapeutic interventions in children and neonates. This article discusses the selection of an appropriate measure of response, the PD endpoint, which is a critical methodological step in designing pediatric efficacy and safety studies. We provide an overview of existing guidance on the choice of PD endpoints in pediatric clinical research. We identified several considerations relevant to the selection and measurement of PD endpoints in pediatric clinical trials, including the use of biomarkers, modeling, compliance, scoring systems, and validated measurement tools...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664118/narratives-and-gatekeeping-making-sense-of-triage-nurses-practice
#11
Lars E F Johannessen
It is well documented that emergency service staff consider some patients to be 'inappropriate attenders'. A central example is 'trivia', denoting patients with medical problems considered too 'trivial' to warrant attention. Although research has repeatedly shown that frontline staff violate guidelines in turning away 'trivial' patients, existing research has paid insufficient attention to why staff are willing to engage in guideline-violating gatekeeping, which may put both themselves and 'trivial' patients at risk...
April 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663554/implant-associated-bacterial-biofilm-and-quorum-sensing-in-periprosthetic-joint-infections
#12
Jake A Mooney, Eric M Pridgen, Robert Manasherob, Gina Suh, Helen E Blackwell, Annelise E Barron, Paul L Bollyky, Stuart B Goodman, Derek F Amanatullah
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) continues to be a common complication after total knee arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty leading to severe morbidity and mortality. With an aging population and increasing prevalence of total joint replacement procedures, the burden of PJI will be felt not only by individual patients, but in increased healthcare costs. Current treatment of PJI is inadequate resulting in incredibly high failure rates. This is believed to be largely mediated by the presence of bacterial biofilms...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663405/a-career-path-for-pure-academic-medical-physicists-in-radiation-oncology-should-be-established
#13
Ke Sheng, Todd Pawlicki, Jing Cai
Medical physics research has led to many advanced radiation oncology technologies in the past decades, such as intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT), and proton therapy. These have fundamentally shaped the current landscape of cancer treatment. It is believed that medical physics research will continue to play an essential role in advancing radiation oncology in the future. However, sustaining a healthy medical physics research workforce is facing substantial challenges, such as limited funding support and lack of protected research time...
April 16, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660962/return-to-learn-transitioning-to-school-and-through-ascending-levels-of-academic-support-for-students-following-a-concussion
#14
Karen McAvoy, Brenda Eagan-Johnson, Mark Halstead
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to familiarize healthcare providers and parents with educational language, laws, and processes as they relate to a comprehensive ascending level of academic supports as it pertains to promoting a smooth and supported transition to school following a concussion. BACKGROUND: Returning to learn (RTL) following a concussion is of parallel importance to returning to sport (RTS). A successful RTL is a critical part of concussion management...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659032/at-with-and-beyond-risk-expectations-of-living-with-the-possibility-of-future-dementia
#15
Richard Milne, Ana Diaz, Shirlene Badger, Eline Bunnik, Karine Fauria, Katie Wells
Biomedical research aimed at the development of therapies for chronic and late-onset conditions increasingly concentrates on the early treatment of symptom-less disease. This broad trend is evidenced in prominent shifts in contemporary dementia research. Revised diagnostic criteria and new approaches to clinical trials propose a focus on earlier stages of disease and prompt concerns about the implications of communicating test results associated with the risk of developing dementia when no effective treatments are available...
April 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656526/access-to-knowledge-and-the-global-abortion-policies-database
#16
Joanna N Erdman, Brooke Ronald Johnson
Research shows that women, healthcare providers, and even policy makers worldwide have limited or inaccurate knowledge of the abortion law and policies in their country. These knowledge gaps sometimes stem from the vague and broad terms of the law, which breed uncertainty and even conflict when unaccompanied by accessible regulation or guidelines. Inconsistency across national law and policy further impedes safe and evidence-based practice. This lack of transparency creates a crisis of accountability. Those seeking care cannot know their legal entitlements, service providers cannot practice with legal protection, and governments can escape legal responsibility for the adverse effects of their laws...
April 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656206/enhancing-first-time-parents-self-efficacy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-universal-parent-education-interventions-efficacy
#17
REVIEW
Nur Arina Liyana Amin, Wilson W S Tam, Shefaly Shorey
BACKGROUND: Poor adjustment during early parenthood often leads to low feelings of parental self-efficacy, which influences parents' behaviours towards their infants. The long-term consequences on infant development warrant the need for more attention on the efficacy of universal parent education interventions to empower parents and enhance their self-efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise available evidence and explore the efficacy of universal parent education interventions on the parental self-efficacy of first-time parents...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655876/tolerance-of-uncertainty-a-systematic-review-of-health-and-healthcare-related-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Tania D Strout, Marij Hillen, Caitlin Gutheil, Eric Anderson, Rebecca Hutchinson, Hannah Ward, Hannah Kay, Gregory J Mills, Paul K J Han
BACKGROUND: Uncertainty tolerance (UT) is thought to be a characteristic of individuals that influences various outcomes related to health, healthcare, and healthcare education. We undertook a systematic literature review to evaluate the state of the evidence on UT and its relationship to these outcomes. METHODS: We conducted electronic and bibliographic searches to identify relevant studies examining associations between UT and health, healthcare, or healthcare education outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652751/igniting-innovation-in-healthcare-a-novel-collaborative-multidisciplinary-approach-in-a-picu
#19
Marcelo R Malakooti
Generating innovation in the healthcare setting faces a number of challenges when compared with industry counterparts. More than ever, innovation occupies a critical element for healthcare organizations aspiring toward clinical, research and strategic excellence, although it may not exist as a priority due to a number of barriers. There are several strategies in other industries from which healthcare organizations can borrow, such as using nontraditional methods of problem solving, group ideation, and cross-pollination...
April 12, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652736/recommendations-and-extraction-of-clinical-variables-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-using-common-data-elements
#20
Pamela Newland, John M Newland, Verna L Hendricks-Ferguson, Judith M Smith, Brant J Oliver
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to demonstrate the feasibility of using common data elements (CDEs) to search for information on the pediatric patient with multiple sclerosis (MS) and provide recommendations for future quality improvement and research in the use of CDEs for pediatric MS symptom management strategies Methods: The St. Louis Children's Hospital (SLCH), Washington University (WU) pediatrics data network was evaluated for use of CDEs identified from a database to identify variables in pediatric MS, including the key clinical features from the disease course of MS...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
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