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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650366/community-based-care-of-the-fibromyalgia-patient-strategies-to-promote-self-management
#1
Kimberly Davis, Lana Sargent, Victoria Menzies
Along with a variety of distressing symptoms, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) brings with it substantial physical, psychosocial, and financial costs. Research shows that self-management is an effective means to manage FM and can lead to fewer healthcare visits. Yet due to the complexity of this disorder, healthcare providers need to be able to tailor treatment to individual patients by understanding effective treatment interventions. Home healthcare nurses (HHNs) are in a unique position to assess and implement effective treatment recommendations in the home setting and as such could consider incorporating self-management strategies into the home visit with the FM patient...
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650346/real-time-monitoring-through-the-use-of-technology-to-enhance-performances-throughout-hiv-cascades
#2
Matthew Avery, Stephen J Mills, Eric Stephan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Controlling the HIV epidemic requires strong linkages across a 'cascade' of prevention, testing, and treatment services. Information and communications technology (ICT) offers the potential to monitor and improve the performance of this HIV cascade in real time. We assessed recent (<18 months) peer-reviewed publications regarding uses of ICT to improve performance through expanded and targeted reach, improved clinical service delivery, and reduced loss to follow-up...
June 23, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646615/definition-of-healthcare-associated-influenza-a-review-and-results-from-an-international-survey
#3
Elodie Munier-Marion, Thomas Bénet, Philippe Vanhems
AIM: To describe definitions of healthcare-associated influenza (HAI) in recent literature and in hospitals participating in a survey of Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Research Network (SRN) members. METHOD: A review with PubMed search was undertaken to retrieve articles published between 2008 and 2016, focusing on the subject headings "influenza, human" and "cross infection". Definitions of clinical influenza-like illness (ILI) and HAI were identified...
June 24, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646519/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-preventable-ed-visits-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Meenakshi P Balakrishnan, Jill Boylston Herndon, Jingnan Zhang, Thomas Payton, Jonathan Shuster, Donna L Carden
BACKGROUND: Policy-makers argue that emergency department (ED) visits for conditions preventable with high-quality outpatient care contribute to waste in the healthcare system. However, access to ambulatory care is uneven, especially for vulnerable populations like minorities, the poor and those with limited health literacy. The impact of limited health literacy on ED visits that are preventable with timely, high-quality ambulatory care is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of health literacy and preventable ED visits...
June 24, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643560/design-quality-in-the-context-of-healthcare-environments-a-scoping-review
#5
Anna Anåker, Ann Heylighen, Susanna Nordin, Marie Elf
OBJECTIVE: We explored the concept of design quality in relation to healthcare environments. In addition, we present a taxonomy that illustrates the wide range of terms used in connection with design quality in healthcare. BACKGROUND: High-quality physical environments can promote health and well-being. Developments in healthcare technology and methodology put high demands on the design quality of care environments, coupled with increasing expectations and demands from patients and staff that care environments be person centered, welcoming, and accessible while also supporting privacy and security...
July 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642040/global-geriatric-oncology-achievements-and-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Nienke A de Glas, Tina Hsu, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Christopher Steer, Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Nicolo Matteo Luca Battisti, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Anita O'Donovan, Jose Alberto Avila-Funes, Arti Hurria
The aging of the population is a global challenge. The number of older adults is rapidly growing, leading to an increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases associated with aging, such as cancer. Worldwide, older adults account for approximately half of all cancer cases, and this proportion is projected to increase globally. Furthermore, the majority of older adults live in less developed regions, where health systems are generally ill-equipped to provide care for complex chronic conditions. Worldwide, there is paucity of geriatric training, and most of the oncology workforce lacks the skills and knowledge to provide comprehensive care for older patients...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639535/corrigendum
#7
(no author information available yet)
Cawley N, Tur C, Prados F, et al. Spinal cord atrophy as a primary outcome measure in phase II trials of progressive multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. Epub ahead of print 18 May 2017. DOI: 10.1177/1352458517709954. On page 9 of this article, the Declaration of Conflicting Interests and Funding statements were incorrect. The correct declarations are shown below. Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared the following potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article: A...
June 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638232/epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#8
Alexandre Canon Boronat, Ana Paula Ferreira-Maia, Alicia Matijasevich, Yuan-Pang Wang
AIM: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for original articles from inception to September 2016. The literature search was made in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For inclusion, each study had to report epidemiological data on FGIDs in children between 4 and 18 years old and contain standardized outcome based on Rome II, III or IV criteria...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#9
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637479/pediatric-emental-healthcare-technologies-a-systematic-review-of-implementation-foci-in-research-studies-and-government-and-organizational-documents
#10
REVIEW
Nicole D Gehring, Patrick McGrath, Lori Wozney, Amir Soleimani, Kathryn Bennett, Lisa Hartling, Anna Huguet, Michele P Dyson, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Researchers, healthcare planners, and policymakers convey a sense of urgency in using eMental healthcare technologies to improve pediatric mental healthcare availability and access. Yet, different stakeholders may focus on different aspects of implementation. We conducted a systematic review to identify implementation foci in research studies and government/organizational documents for eMental healthcare technologies for pediatric mental healthcare. METHODS: A search of eleven electronic databases and grey literature was conducted...
June 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637096/uncovering-the-decision-making-work-of-transferring-dying-patients-home-from-critical-care-units-an-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Yanxia Lin, Michelle Myall, Nikki Jarrett
AIMS: To understand how decisions are made to transfer dying patients home from critical care units. BACKGROUND: Many people prefer a home death, but a high proportion die in critical care units. Transferring dying patients home is recognized to be complex but transfer decision-making itself remains unclear. DESIGN: Integrative review. DATA SOURCES: Seven bibliographic databases (origin - 2015), grey literature and reference lists were searched...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636922/an-experimental-framework-for-quantifying-bacterial-tolerance
#12
Asher Brauner, Noam Shoresh, Ofer Fridman, Nathalie Q Balaban
Antibiotic tolerance and persistence are often associated with treatment failure and relapse, yet are poorly characterized. In distinction from resistance, which is measured using the minimum inhibitory concentration metric, tolerance and persistence values are not currently evaluated in the clinical setting, and so are overlooked when a course of treatment is prescribed. In this article, we introduce a metric and an automated experimental framework for measuring tolerance and persistence. The tolerance metric is the minimum duration for killing 99% of the population, MDK99, which can be evaluated by a statistical analysis of measurements performed manually or using a robotic system...
June 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636774/reducing-the-risk-of-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#13
REVIEW
B Joseph Elmunzer
Pancreatitis is the most common and potentially devastating complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), resulting in significant morbidity, occasional mortality, and increased healthcare expenditures. Accordingly, the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) remains a major clinical and research priority. Strategies to reduce the incidence of PEP include thoughtful patient selection, appropriate risk-stratification, sound procedural technique, prophylactic pancreatic stent placement, and pharmacoprevention...
June 21, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635539/an-old-challenge-with-new-promises-a-systematic-review-on-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-long-term-care-facilities
#14
Francesco Panza, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Madia Lozupone, Maria Rosaria Barulli, Francesca D'Urso, Roberta Stallone, Vittorio Dibello, Alessia Noia, Cristina Di Dio, Antonio Daniele, Antonello Bellomo, Davide Seripa, Antonio Greco, Giancarlo Logroscino
Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional and multidisciplinary diagnostic process focused on determining the clinical profile, pathological risk, residual skills, short- and long-term prognosis, and the personalized therapeutic and care plan of the functionally compromised and frail older subjects. Previous evidence suggested that the effectiveness of CGA programs may be influenced by the settings where the CGA is performed [i.e., hospital, post-hospital discharge/ long-term care facilities (LTCF), or community/home] as well as the specific clinical conditions of older frail individuals...
June 21, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632250/measurement-of-hyperglycemia-and-impact-on-health-outcomes-in-people-with-cancer-challenges-and-opportunities
#15
Susan Storey, Marilyn J Hammer
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Poor health outcomes have been associated with hyperglycemia in patients with and without diabetes. However, the impact of hyperglycemia on the health-related outcomes of patients with cancer has shown conflicting results. The purpose of this review was to explore definitions and measurement issues related to the assessment of hyperglycemia and the subsequent impact on the findings of health-related outcomes in adults with cancer.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Four electronic databases were searched...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630651/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#16
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
Introduction: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#17
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628500/atrial-fibrillation-symptoms-and-sex-race-and-psychological-distress-a-literature-review
#18
Kelly T Gleason, Saman Nazarian, Cheryl R Dennison Himmelfarb
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) symptoms are a major component of treatment decisions for patients with AF and impact quality of life and functional ability yet are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to determine what is known about the prevalence of symptoms and the association of symptoms to AF characteristics, psychological distress, sex, and race. METHODS: We performed a structured review of AF symptoms as of March 2016 using PubMed, EMBASE, and CINAHL and reference searches of retrieved articles...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627006/parents-perceptions-during-the-transition-to-home-for-their-child-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-how-can-we-support-families-of-children-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#19
Sarita March
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the literature related to transitions in healthcare between the hospital and home that caregivers experience with a child who has a congenital heart defect (CHD), specifically related to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted searching OVID Medline, CINAHL, and PubMed to discover the caregivers' perceptions on their transitions between hospital care and home care of their child with a CHD...
June 18, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625842/dynamics-of-scientific-publications-on-the-mers-cov-outbreaks-in-saudi-arabia
#20
REVIEW
Ali Rabaan, Shamsah H Al-Ahmed, Ali M Bazzi, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging disease with a relatively high case fatality rate. Most cases have been reported from Saudi Arabia, and the disease epidemic potential is considered to be limited. However, human-human transmission has occurred, usually in the context of healthcare facility-associated outbreaks. The scientific and medical community depends on timely publication of epidemiological information on emerging diseases during outbreaks to appropriately target public health responses...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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