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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301800/indigenous-peoples-experiences-and-perceptions-of-hospitalisation-for-acute-care-a-metasynthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Vainess Mbuzi, Paul Fulbrook, Melanie Jessup
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore Indigenous people's experiences and perceptions of hospitalisation and acute care. METHODS: Systematic procedures were used for the literature search covering the period from 2000 to 2016. Final search was conducted in early September 2016. Quality of the selected studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Program. Data extraction was conducted using the data extraction tool from the Joanna Briggs Institute...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296237/inpatient-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-idiopathic-peripheral-facial-palsy-a-population-based-healthcare-research-study
#2
Katharina Plumbaum, Gerd Fabian Volk, Daniel Boeger, Jens Buentzel, Dirk Esser, Andreas Steinbrecher, Katrin Hoffmann, Peter Jecker, Andreas Mueller, Gerald Radtke, Otto W Witte, Orlando Guntinas-Lichius
OBJECTIVES: To determine the inpatient management for patients with acute idiopathic facial palsy (IFP) in Thuringia, Germany. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: All inpatients with IFP in all hospitals with departments of otolaryngology and neurology in 2012 in the German federal state Thuringia. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' characteristics and treatment were compared between departments, and the probability of recovery was tested...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295894/cost-effectiveness-analysis-appraisal-and-application-an-emergency-medicine-perspective
#3
Michael D April, Brian P Murray
Cost-effectiveness is an important goal for emergency care delivery. The many diagnostic, treatment, and disposition decisions made in the emergency department (ED) have a significant impact upon healthcare resource utilization. Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is an analytic tool to optimize these resource allocation decisions through the systematic comparison of costs and effects of alternative healthcare decisions. Yet few emergency medicine leaders and policy-makers have any formal training in CEA methodology...
March 10, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295808/a-critical-review-of-published-research-literature-reviews-on-nursing-and-healthcare-ageism
#4
REVIEW
Donna M Wilson, Mavis A Nam, Jill Murphy, João Paulo Victorino, Ellen C Gondim, Gail Low
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To establish how common and impactful nursing and healthcare ageism is, and if proven interventions or prevention methods exist. BACKGROUND: Ageism has been a concern since 1969 when it was first introduced as a concept for social reform. As ageism has been linked to lower quality health services and reduced health care access, it is imperative that healthcare and nursing ageism is prevented or identified and reduced or eliminated. METHODS: A qualitative narrative review of published research literature reviews using a scoping design to map all published reviews was undertaken...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295746/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-pptsd-a-concept-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Julie Vignato, Jane M Georges, Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PPTSD). BACKGROUND: Prevalence of PPTSD is rising in the United States, with 9% of the U.S. perinatal population diagnosed with the disorder and an additional 18% being at risk for the condition. Left untreated, adverse maternal-child outcomes result in increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. DESIGN: Concept analysis via Walker and Avant's approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294256/the-lab-on-pcb-approach-tackling-the-%C3%AE-tas-commercial-upscaling-bottleneck
#6
REVIEW
Despina Moschou, Angeliki Tserepi
Commercialization of lab-on-a-chip devices is currently the "holy grail" within the μTAS research community. While a wide variety of highly sophisticated chips which could potentially revolutionize healthcare, biology, chemistry and all related disciplines are increasingly being demonstrated, very few chips are or can be adopted by the market and reach the end-users. The major inhibition factor lies in the lack of an established commercial manufacturing technology. The lab-on-printed circuit board (lab-on-PCB) approach, while suggested many years ago, only recently has re-emerged as a very strong candidate, owing to its inherent upscaling potential: the PCB industry is well established all around the world, with standardized fabrication facilities and processes, but commercially exploited currently only for electronics...
March 15, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289467/the-development-of-a-consensus-definition-for-healthcare-improvement-science-his-in-seven-european-countries-a-consensus-methods-approach
#7
Brigita Skela-Savič, Rhoda Macrae, Manuel Lillo-Crespo, Kevin D Rooney
INTRODUCTION: There is a limited body of research in the field of healthcare improvement science (HIS). Quality improvement and 'change making' should become an intrinsic part of everyone's job, every day in all parts of the healthcare system. The lack of theoretical grounding may partly explain the minimal transfer of health research into health policy. METHODS: This article seeks to present the development of the definition for healthcare improvement science. A consensus method approach was adopted with a two-stage Delphi process, expert panel and consensus group techniques...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288565/healthcare-workers-behaviors-and-personal-determinants-associated-with-providing-adequate-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#8
Kim Jonas, Rik Crutzen, Bart van den Borne, Priscilla Reddy
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers may affect the utilization of sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) services, and quality of care thereof, for example by their behaviours or attitudes they hold. This can become a hindrance to accessing and utilizing SRH services, particularly by young people, and thus a better understanding of these behaviours and associated factors is needed to improve access to and utilization of SRH services. METHODS: A systematic review of literature was conducted to identify studies focusing on healthcare workers' behaviors and personal determinants associated with providing adequate SRH services in sub-Saharan Africa (January 1990 - October 2015)...
March 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287874/graduates-development-of-interprofessional-practice-capability-during-their-early-socialisation-into-professional-roles
#9
C Jane Morgan
Graduates entering the healthcare workforce can expect to undertake interprofessional practices, requiring them to work at the intersection of knowledge and practice boundaries that have been built over years of socialisation in their respective professions. Yet, in complex health environments, where health challenges go beyond the knowledge and skills of any single profession, there is a growing concern that healthcare practitioners lack capability to collaborate with each other. This article presents the findings from a year-long hermeneutic phenomenological study of graduates' temporal experiences of practice roles in their respective fields of healthcare and in collaboration with other professions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285549/methodology-of-the-access-to-care-and-timing-simulation-model-for-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-care
#10
Argelio Santos, Nader Fallah, Rachel Lewis, Marcel F Dvorak, Michael G Fehlings, Anthony Scott Burns, Vanessa K Noonan, Christiana L Cheng, Elaine Chan, Anoushka Singh, Lise M Belanger, Derek Atkins
Despite the relatively low incidence, the management and care of persons with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) can be resource intensive and complex, spanning multiple phases of care and disciplines. Using a simulation model built with a system level view of the healthcare system allows for prediction of the impact of interventions on patient and system outcomes from injury through to community reintegration after tSCI. The Access to Care and Timing (ACT) project developed a simulation model for tSCI care using techniques from operations research and its development has been described previously...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285481/the-highest-impact-combat-orthopedic-and-extremity-injury-articles-in-the-past-70-years-a-citation-analysis
#11
Jason Nam, Woo S Do, Daniel J Stinner, Joseph C Wenke, Jean A Orman, John F Kragh
The objective of this study was to identify the most-cited peer-reviewed combat orthopedic and extremity injury articles published during the past 70 years. Orthopedic trauma presents ongoing challenges to both US civilian and military healthcare personnel. Improvements in combat trauma and extremity injury survival and quality of life are the result of advances in orthopedic trauma research. The Web of Science (including Science Citation Index) was searched for the most cited articles related to combat orthopedic trauma, published from 1940 to 2013...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281423/an-imaginary-legal-conundrum-a-reply-to-the-response-by-mahomed-n%C3%A3-thling-slabbert-and-pepper
#12
D Jordaan
In their original article on the subject of research using human biological material, Mahomed, Nöthling-Slabbert and Pepper advanced the notion that the law regarding ownership of human biological material is uncertain, and proposed that our country's healthcare policy of altruism be changed to mandatory profit-sharing by research participants. In my critique article, I took issue with the notion that the relevant law is uncertain, and suggested that Mahomed et al. failed to present a convincing argument in support of the proposed policy change from altruism to profit-sharing...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276847/individual-interpersonal-and-organisational-factors-of-healthcare-conflict-a-scoping-review
#13
Sara Kim, Naike Bochatay, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Elizabeth Buttrick, Chris Amdahl, Laura Kim, Elise Frans, Matthew Mossanen, Azhar Khandekar, Ryan Fehr, Young-Mee Lee
Unresolved conflicts among healthcare professionals can lead to difficult patient care consequences. This scoping review examines the current healthcare literature that reported sources and consequences of conflict associated with individual, interpersonal, and organisational factors. We identified 99 articles published between 2001 and 2015 from PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Excerpta Medical Database. Most reviewed studies relied on healthcare professionals' perceptions and beliefs associated with conflict sources and consequences, with few studies reporting behavioural or organisational change outcomes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276843/shared-leadership-and-group-identification-in-healthcare-the-leadership-beliefs-of-clinicians-working-in-interprofessional-teams
#14
Craig Forsyth, Barbara Mason
Despite the proposed benefits of applying shared and distributed leadership models in healthcare, few studies have explored the leadership beliefs of clinicians and ascertained whether differences exist between professions. The current article aims to address these gaps and, additionally, examine whether clinicians' leadership beliefs are associated with the strength of their professional and team identifications. An online survey was responded to by 229 healthcare workers from community interprofessional teams in mental health settings across the East of England...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271258/illness-doula-adding-a-new-role-to-healthcare-practice
#15
Annie Robinson, Danielle Spencer, Brad Lewis
In this article, we explore the possibility of adding a new role to the clinical encounter: an illness doula. Even though research and education in medical humanities and narrative medicine have made improvements in humanizing healthcare, progress is slow and ongoing. There needs to be an intervention in the practice of healthcare now for people currently going through the system. An illness doula, like a birth doula, would facilitate and insure that attention is paid to the personal needs and desires of the patient in the present system...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266888/self-efficacy-perceptions-of-interprofessional-education-and-practice-in-undergraduate-healthcare-students
#16
Brett Williams, Bronwyn Beovich, Linda Ross, Caroline Wright, Dragan Ilic
Self-efficacy is an individual's perception of their ability to be successful in a given endeavour and it has been shown to have an important role in successful university education and clinical performance of healthcare workers. This article examines the self-efficacy beliefs of undergraduate healthcare students (n = 388) for the skills required for interprofessional education and interprofessional collaboration. The students were enrolled at an Australian university from the disciplines of public health, social work, and paramedic practice...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265717/the-importance-of-physical-function-to-people-with-osteoporosis
#17
C Kerr, C Bottomley, S Shingler, L Giangregorio, H M de Freitas, C Patel, S Randall, D T Gold
There is increasing need to understand patient outcomes in osteoporosis. This article discusses that fracture in osteoporosis can lead to a cycle of impairment, driven by complex psychosocial factors, having a profound impact on physical function/activity which accumulates over time. More information is required on how treatments impact physical function. INTRODUCTION: There is increasing need to understand patient-centred outcomes in osteoporosis (OP) clinical research and management...
March 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261789/a-model-for-upscaling-global-partnerships-and-building-nurse-and-midwifery-capacity
#18
L A Spies, S L Garner, M A Faucher, M Hastings-Tolsma, C Riley, J Millenbruch, L Prater, S F Conroy
AIM: To provide a unique model for use in guiding global collaboration and policy to upscale nursing and midwifery partnerships. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: Nurses and midwives across nations need skills reaching beyond the bedside and unit level in today's complex, global, multifaceted healthcare milieu. Thoughtful consideration, research and concomitant development of models to guide appropriate upscaling of nurse and midwifery capacity within and between nations are needed...
March 5, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261323/a-brief-review-of-recent-developments-in-the-designs-that-prevent-bio-fouling-on-silicon-and-silicon-based-materials
#19
REVIEW
Xiaoning Zhang, DaShan Brodus, Valerie Hollimon, Hongmei Hu
Silicon and silicon-based materials are essential to our daily life. They are widely used in healthcare and manufacturing. However, silicon and silicon-based materials are susceptible to bio-fouling, which is of great concern in numerous applications. To date, interdisciplinary research in surface science, polymer science, biology, and engineering has led to the implementation of antifouling strategies for silicon-based materials. However, a review to discuss those antifouling strategies for silicon-based materials is lacking...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252838/new-graduate-registered-nurses-knowledge-of-patient-safety-and-practice-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Melanie Murray, Deborah Sundin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To critically appraise available literature and summarise evidence pertaining to the patient safety knowledge and practices of new graduate registered nurses. BACKGROUND: Responsibility for patient safety should not be limited to the practice of the bedside nurses, rather the responsibility of all in the healthcare system. Previous research identified lapses in safety across the healthcare, more specifically with new practitioners. Understanding these gaps and what may be employed to counteract them is vital to ensuring patient safety...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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