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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052427/the-joint-ispor-ispe-special-task-force-on-real-world-evidence-in-health-care-decision-making-an-interview-with-marc-berger
#1
Marc L Berger
Marc L Berger, MD, is a retired, part-time consultant. He recently became Chair of the Real World Evidence Advisory Board for SHYFT Analytics. Over a 25-year industry career, Marc has held senior-level positions at Pfizer, Inc., OptumInsight, Eli Lilly and Company, and Merck & Co., Inc. His professional activities have included serving on committees for Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), Drug Information Association (DIA), and the editorial advisory boards of several journals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052272/ethical-issues-in-palliative-care-for-nursing-homes-development-and-testing-of-a-survey-instrument
#2
Deborah H L Preshaw, Dorry Mclaughlin, Kevin Brazil
AIM: To develop and psychometrically assess a survey instrument identifying ethical issues during palliative care provision in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Registered nurses (RNs) and healthcare assistants (HCAs) have reported ethical issues in everyday palliative care provision. Identifying these issues provides evidence to inform practice development to support healthcare workers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of RNs and HCAs in nursing homes in one region of the United Kingdom (UK) METHOD: A survey instrument, "Ethical issues in Palliative Care for Nursing homes," (EPiCNH) was developed through the findings of qualitative interviews with RNs and HCAs in nursing homes and a literature review...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052158/estimating-health-state-utility-values-for-comorbidities
#3
REVIEW
Roberta Ara, John Brazier
A comorbidity is defined as the presence of at least one additional health condition co-occurring with a primary health condition. Decision analytic models in healthcare depict the typical clinical pathway of patients in general clinical practice and frequently include health states defined to represent comorbidities such as sequelae or adverse events. Health state utility values (HSUVs) are often not available for these and analysts generally estimate them. This article provides a summary of the methodological literature on estimating methods frequently used together with worked examples...
October 19, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052044/the-cost-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-the-characteristics-and-methodological-quality-of-published-literature
#4
REVIEW
Katherine Edwards, Natasha Jones, Julia Newton, Charlie Foster, Andrew Judge, Kate Jackson, Nigel K Arden, Rafael Pinedo-Villanueva
AIM: This descriptive review aimed to assess the characteristics and methodological quality of economic evaluations of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs according to updated economic guidelines for healthcare interventions. Recommendations will be made to inform future research addressing the impact of a physical exercise component on cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for economic evaluations of exercise-based CR programs published in English between 2000 and 2014...
October 19, 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049055/oxidized-regenerated-cellulose-collagen-dressings-review-of-evidence-and-recommendations
#5
Stephanie Wu, Andrew J Applewhite, Jeffrey Niezgoda, Robert Snyder, Jayesh Shah, Breda Cullen, Gregory Schultz, Janis Harrison, Rosemary Hill, Melania Howell, Marcus Speyrer, Howard Utra, Jean de Leon, Wayne Lee, Terry Treadwell
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare systems are being challenged to manage increasing numbers of nonhealing wounds. Wound dressings are one of the first lines of defense in wound management, and numerous options exist. The oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC)/collagen dressing may offer healthcare providers a robust and cost-effective tool for use in a variety of wounds. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary panel meeting was convened to discuss the use of ORC/collagen dressings in wound care and provide practice recommendations...
November 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046809/hospital-resuscitation-teams-a-review-of-the-risks-to-the-healthcare-worker
#6
REVIEW
Stephen M Vindigni, Juan N Lessing, David J Carlbom
BACKGROUND: "Code blue" events and related resuscitation efforts involve multidisciplinary bedside teams that implement specialized interventions aimed at patient revival. Activities include performing effective chest compressions, assessing and restoring a perfusing cardiac rhythm, stabilizing the airway, and treating the underlying cause of the arrest. While the existing critical care literature has appropriately focused on the patient, there has been a dearth of information discussing the various stresses to the healthcare team...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045684/lean-management-to-support-choosing-wisely-in-healthcare-the-first-evidence-from-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
Maria Crema, Chiara Verbano
Purpose: Choosing Wisely (CW) is an emergent approach to identify and reduce unnecessary care, such as tests and treatments that do not add value for patients and may even cause harm. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether and how Lean Healthcare Management (LHM) can support CW objectives, focusing on customer needs and on waste elimination. Data sources: A systematic literature review has been performed in Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science. Study selection: Peer reviewed articles published in English language have been selected...
October 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042370/mandated-reporters-experiences-with-reporting-child-maltreatment-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#8
Jill R McTavish, Melissa Kimber, Karen Devries, Manuela Colombini, Jennifer C D MacGregor, C Nadine Wathen, Arnav Agarwal, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: To systematically search for research about the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of child maltreatment and to synthesise qualitative research that explores mandated reporters' (MRs) experiences with reporting. DESIGN: As no studies assessing the effectiveness of mandatory reporting were retrieved from our systematic search, we conducted a meta-synthesis of retrieved qualitative research. Searches in Medline (Ovid), Embase, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Sociological Abstracts, Education Resources Information Center, Criminal Justice Abstracts and Cochrane Library yielded over 6000 citations, which were deduplicated and then screened by two independent reviewers...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040710/writing-and-reviewing-quality-improvement-manuscripts
#9
Amanda C Schondelmeyer, Laura H Brower, Angela M Statile, Christine M White, Patrick W Brady
Achieving rapid and meaningful improvement in healthcare requires the dissemination of quality improvement project results via publication. Doing this well requires detailed descriptions of the complex interventions and of the context in which the improvement took place. This report builds on the first 2 articles in the series to cover important considerations in writing quality improvement manuscripts with a focus on how it differs from writing traditional clinical research reports. The recommendations we outline here also apply to reviewing quality improvement manuscripts...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038985/showing-the-unsayable-participatory-visual-approaches-and-the-constitution-of-patient-experience-in-healthcare-quality-improvement
#10
Constantina Papoulias
This article considers the strengths and potential contributions of participatory visual methods for healthcare quality improvement research. It argues that such approaches may enable us to expand our understanding of 'patient experience' and of its potential for generating new knowledge for health systems. In particular, they may open up dimensions of people's engagement with services and treatments which exceed both the declarative nature of responses to questionnaires and the narrative sequencing of self reports gathered through qualitative interviewing...
October 16, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037888/preferred-reporting-items-for-overviews-of-systematic-reviews-including-harms-checklist-a-pilot-tool-to-be-used-for-balanced-reporting-of-benefits-and-harms
#11
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Bougioukas, Aris Liakos, Apostolos Tsapas, Evangelia Ntzani, Anna-Bettina Haidich
OBJECTIVE: An Overview of Systematic Reviews (OoSRs) is a study designed to synthesize multiple evidence from existing systematic reviews on a specific domain. The aim of this paper was to offer a pilot version checklist with Preferred Reporting Items for OoSRs (PRIO-harms) in order to promote a more balanced reporting of benefits and harms in OoSRs of healthcare interventions. METHODS: The included items were developed by combining key features from healthcare OoSRs designs with recommendations from statements of other relevant checklists and pertinent methodological review articles...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036901/importance-of-leadership-style-towards-quality-of-care-measures-in-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Danae F Sfantou, Aggelos Laliotis, Athina E Patelarou, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Effective leadership of healthcare professionals is critical for strengthening quality and integration of care. This study aimed to assess whether there exist an association between different leadership styles and healthcare quality measures. The search was performed in the Medline (National Library of Medicine, PubMed interface) and EMBASE databases for the time period 2004-2015. The research question that guided this review was posed as: "Is there any relationship between leadership style in healthcare settings and quality of care?" Eighteen articles were found relevant to our research question...
October 14, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034674/-has-budget-impact-analysis-guidelines-a-new-decision-making-tool
#13
Salah Ghabri, Anne-Isabelle Poullié, Erwan Autin, Jean-Michel Josselin
INTRODUCTION: Budget impact analysis (BIA) provides short and medium-term estimates on changes in budgets and resources resulting from the adoption of new health interventions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to present the main messages of the newly developed French National Authority for Health (HAS) guidelines on budget impact analysis : issues, recommendations and perspectives. METHODS: The HAS guidelines development process was based on data derived from a literature review on BIA (search dates : January 2000 to June 2016), an HAS retrospective investigation, a public consultation, international expert advice, and approval from the HAS Board and the Economic and Public Health Evaluation Committee...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032718/state-governance-versus-dentists-autonomy-the-case-of-swedish-dental-care
#14
Cecilia Franzén
OBJECTIVE: A trend towards the state governance of healthcare through quality indicators and national clinical guidelines has been observed, and it is argued that this trend can be a challenge to the autonomy of healthcare professionals. In Sweden, these regulatory tools have been implemented in combination with subsidies for adult dental care that are based on guideline recommendations which serve to ensure that dental care is evidence-based and cost-effective. This paper aims to analyse the implications of these changes regarding dentists' autonomy and whether the government's political intentions can be fulfilled...
October 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032590/a-scoping-approach-to-systematically-review-published-reviews-adaptations-and-recommendations
#15
REVIEW
Annette Schultz, Leah Goertzen, Janet Rothney, Pamela Wener, Jennifer Enns, Gayle Halas, Alan Katz
Knowledge translation is a central focus of the health research community, which includes strategies to synthesize published research to support uptake within healthcare practice and policy arenas. Within the literature concerning review methodologies, a new discussion has emerged concerning methods that review and synthesize published review articles. In this paper, our multidisciplinary team from family medicine, nursing, dental hygiene, kinesiology, occupational therapy, physiology, population health, clinical psychology and library sciences contribute to this discussion by sharing our experiences in conducting three scoping reviews of published review studies...
October 15, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032585/infection-surveillance-in-pediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients
#16
Daniela Caldas Teixeira, Lilian Martins Oliveira Diniz, Paulo Henrique Orlandi Mourão, Fabiana Maria Kakehashi, Antonio Vaz de Macedo, Helena Duani, Wanessa Trindade Clemente, Karla Emília de Sá Rodrigues, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli
OBJECTIVE: Describe the profile of reported Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) in pediatric patients submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) at a reference center. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of pediatric patients who were submitted to HSCT from 2008 to 2016. The criteria for HAI were based on those established by the National Healthcare Safety Network. Data were collected by active surveillance performed daily by professionals. This study was approved by the Institutional Research Ethics Committee...
October 15, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032458/a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-sources-of-big-data-in-the-healthcare-sector
#17
Susel Góngora Alonso, Isabel de la Torre Díez, Joel J P C Rodrigues, Sofiane Hamrioui, Miguel López-Coronado
The main objective of this paper is to present a review of existing researches in the literature, referring to Big Data sources and techniques in health sector and to identify which of these techniques are the most used in the prediction of chronic diseases. Academic databases and systems such as IEEE Xplore, Scopus, PubMed and Science Direct were searched, considering the date of publication from 2006 until the present time. Several search criteria were established as 'techniques' OR 'sources' AND 'Big Data' AND 'medicine' OR 'health', 'techniques' AND 'Big Data' AND 'chronic diseases', etc...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030831/practical-considerations-for-using-online-methods-to-engage-patients-in-guideline-development
#18
Sean Grant, Glen S Hazlewood, Holly L Peay, Ann Lucas, Ian Coulter, Arlene Fink, Dmitry Khodyakov
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have been widely used in healthcare policy, practice, and for suggesting future research. As patients increasingly become involved in CPG development to produce patient-centered recommendations, more research is needed on methods to engage patients, particularly methods allowing for scalable engagement of large, diverse, and geographically distributed groups of patients. In this article, we discuss practical considerations for using online methods to engage patients in CPG development...
October 13, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027820/using-cost-effectiveness-analysis-to-quantify-the-value-of-genomic-based-diagnostic-tests-recommendations-for-practice-and-research
#19
Eldon Spackman, Sebastian Hinde, Laura Bojke, Katherine Payne, Mark Sculpher
AIMS: New sequencing technologies allow increased opportunities to use genomic-based diagnostic tests (genomic tests) in routine clinical practice, which will impact healthcare budgets and patients' outcomes. This article aims to generate a list of recommendations on how the principles and methods of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can be used to quantify the costs and benefits of genomic tests. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified publications describing the use of CEA to evaluate genomic tests...
October 13, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026457/applications-of-information-and-communications-technologies-to-public-health-a-scoping-review-using-the-mesh-term-public-health-informatics
#20
Arjun Kumar Bhattarai, Aein Zarrin, Joon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public health domains, key informatics concepts, and information and communications technologies (ICTs) applied in articles that are tagged with the MeSH term "public health informatics" and primarily focus on applying ICTs to public health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MeSH term "public health informatics" was searched on MEDLINE-PubMed. The results of the search were then screened in two steps in order to only include articles about applying ICTs to public health problems...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
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