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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043436/cervical-dilation-balloon-combined-with-intravenous-drip-of-oxytocin-for-induction-of-term-labor-a-multicenter-clinical-trial
#1
Xueqin Wu, Chunxiang Wang, Yufang Li, Chunmei Ouyang, Jiaying Liao, Weibin Cai, Yilei Zhong, Jianping Zhang, Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a method combining double-balloon catheter for cervical ripening and intravenous drip of oxytocin on the induction of term labor, providing the reference for clinical safety. METHODS: A total of 120 pregnant women with a gestation between 37(+0) and  41(+6) weeks, indications of labor induction, singleton pregnancy with cephalic presentation were enrolled. The patients were divided into the research group receiving cervical dilation balloon combined with intravenous drip of oxytocin and the control group receiving an intravenous drip of oxytocin at a concentration of 0...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043282/the-effect-of-aromatherapy-treatment-on-fatigue-and-relaxation-for-mothers-during-the-early-puerperal-period-in-japan-a-pilot-study
#2
Kyoko Asazawa, Yoshihiro Kato, Atsuko Yamaguchi, Asako Inoue
BACKGROUND: Early in the postpartum period, mothers are often nervous and tired from the delivery, breast-feeding and caring for a new-born. The aim of this study was to evaluate the process and outcome of using aromatherapy treatments to increase relaxation and decrease fatigue for mothers during the first to the seventh day of the postpartum period. METHODS: This non-randomized controlled study with a quasi-experimental one-group pretest-posttest design was used to evaluate scores in relaxation and fatigue before and after the intervention...
October 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026430/gestational-perinatal-and-postnatal-factors-that-interfere-with-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-by-six-months-after-birth
#3
Mariana Moraes de Oliveira, José Simon Camelo
BACKGROUND: Despite evidences indicating the superiority of breastfeeding and recent advances in the indicators of breastfeeding in Brazil, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) during the first six months after birth continues to be an infrequent practice in the country. The objective of the present study was to determine which gestational, perinatal, and postnatal factors of the mother-baby dyad might be associated with the cessation of EBF by six months after birth. METHODS: Data were collected at the rooming-in facility of the Reference Center of Women's Health of Ribeirão Preto-Mater (CRSM-Mater) during the postpartum period (24 to 72 h after birth) from December 2012 to April 2013 and by telephone contact between the researcher and participating mothers by six months after birth...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977324/knowledge-of-puerperal-mothers-about-the-guthrie-test
#4
Giovanna Abadia Oliveira Arduini, Marly Aparecida Spadotto Balarin, Roseane Lopes da Silva-Grecco, Alessandra Bernadete Trovó de Marqui
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of puerperal mothers about the Guthrie test. METHODS: A total of 75 mothers who sought primary care between October 2014 and February 2015 were investigated. The form was applied by the main researcher and the data was analyzed, using descriptive statistics with Microsoft Office Excel, and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) programs. Association tests and statistical power were applied. RESULTS: Among the 75 mothers, 47 (62...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973183/puerperal-complications-of-a-retroplacental-uterine-leiomyoma
#5
Jody M Gerome, Tyler L Church
Leiomyoma can be found concomitant with pregnancy and can cause complications during labor, delivery, and postpartum management. In the present case, a 26-year-old nulliparous patient at 39.4 weeks gestational age with a 12×9-cm retroplacental leiomyoma underwent a spontaneous vaginal delivery. Nine weeks after delivery, the patient presented with acute pain and vaginal bleeding. Immediate manual removal of the bulk of the leiomyoma tissue via vaginal approach was performed. Four weeks later, the patient returned for removal of the remaining tissue via hysteroscopic excision...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959875/postoperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-rhinorrhea-in-puerperal-women-following-transcranial-resection-of-tuberculum-sella-meningiomas
#6
Ben Shofty, Lior Gonen, Sarit Avraham, Avraham Abergel, Daniel Umansky, Nevo Margalit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956122/diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-relation-to-morphology-on-dynamic-contrast-enhancement-mri-the-diagnostic-value-of-characterizing-non-puerperal-mastitis
#7
Lina Zhang, Jiani Hu, Nicholas Guys, Jinli Meng, Jianguo Chu, Weisheng Zhang, Ailian Liu, Shaowu Wang, Qingwei Song
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the characterisation of mastitis lesions. METHODS: Sixty-one non-puerperal patients with pathologically confirmed single benign mastitis lesions underwent preoperative examinations with conventional MRI and axial DWI. Patients were categorised into three groups: (1) periductal mastitis (PDM), (2) granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM), and (3) infectious abscess (IAB). Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of each lesion were recorded...
September 27, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953852/prescription-of-sodium-valproate-as-a-mood-stabiliser-in-pregnancy
#8
Kate Womersley
This essay was submitted for the Royal College of Psychiatry's perinatal psychiatry medical student essay prize in 2017. The essay considers the choices available to women with bipolar disorder who become pregnant while taking sodium valproate to treat mania or for mood stabilisation. The implications of three options are considered: to stop all treatment, to switch to a different mood stabiliser or to continue on sodium valproate. The implications for the fetus, on the mother's wellbeing and the ethics of patient choice are discussed...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946860/severe-hydronephrosis-secondary-to-uterine-artery-pseudoaneurysm-in-the-early-second-trimester-of-pregnancy-a-case-report
#9
Tsukuru Amano, Shinsuke Tokoro, Shunichiro Tsuji, Takashi Inoue, Fuminori Kimura, Takashi Murakami
BACKGROUND: Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) normally presents genital bleeding in the puerperal period, and severe hydronephrosis rarely presents during pregnancy. We report a rare case of severe ureteral obstruction accompanied by uterine artery pseudoaneurysm in the early second trimester of pregnancy, which was successfully treated by surgical intervention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old nulligravid woman who had undergone myomectomy 3 years earlier was referred to our hospital for acute left abdominal pain at the 17th week of gestation...
September 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936075/headache-patterns-in-cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#10
Ragasudha Botta, Sheshagiri Donirpathi, Ravi Yadav, Girish B Kulkarni, M Veerendra Kumar, Dindigur Nagaraja
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics, patterns, and factors associated with headache in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVT). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we recruited conscious CVT patients who were able to give reliable history after consent. Institutional ethics approval was obtained. The diagnosis of CVT was based on the clinical and imaging parameters. Data regarding headache characteristic, severity (visual analog scale [VAS]), imaging findings and outcome was recorded...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931118/unpacking-the-enabling-factors-for-hand-cord-and-birth-surface-hygiene-in-zanzibar-maternity-units
#11
Giorgia Gon, Said M Ali, Catriona Towriss, Catherine Kahabuka, Ali O Ali, Sue Cavill, Mohammed Dahoma, Sally Faulkner, Haji S Haji, Ibrahim Kabole, Emma Morrison, Rukaiya M Said, Amour Tajo, Yael Velleman, Susannah L Woodd, And Wendy J Graham
Recent national surveys in The United Republic of Tanzania have revealed poor standards of hygiene at birth in facilities. As more women opt for institutional delivery, improving basic hygiene becomes an essential part of preventative strategies for reducing puerperal and newborn sepsis. Our collaborative research in Zanzibar provides an in-depth picture of the state of hygiene on maternity wards to inform action. Hygiene was assessed in 2014 across all 37 facilities with a maternity unit in Zanzibar. We used a mixed methods approach, including structured and semi-structured interviews, and environmental microbiology...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919596/outcome-of-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-observed-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#12
S U Ahammed, A A Chowdhury, A S Roy, M A Muqueet, M A Rahman, M S Kabir, M G Rabbani, M Asadujjaman, M B Hossain, M Akhtaruzzaman, S K Das, E H Khan, M A Islam, M J Hasan, M A Rahman, R K Talukder, J Ara, G C Barman, P P Roy, M K Saha, D Mondal
This prospective case control study was carried out in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH) from April 2011 to March 2012. The main objective of the study was to determine the short term maternal outcome of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury and to identify aetiological factors and to observe clinical features of pregnancy related Acute Kidney Injury. Total 60 pregnant women with AKI were included in the study as sample and equal (60) number of pregnant women with normal renal function was taken as control...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892940/a-qualitative-study-on-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-risk-factors-early-identification-and-intervention-of-infant-hearing-loss-among-puerperal-mothers-a-short-survey
#13
Ravi Dudda, Hanumanth Prasad Muniyappa, Sahana Puttaraju, M S Lakshmi
INTRODUCTION: Maternal active participation and their support are critical for the success of early hearing loss detection program. Erroneous maternal decisions may have large life long consequences on the infant's life. The mothers' knowledge and their attitudes towards infant hearing loss is the basis for their decisions. AIM: The present study was done to determine the mothers' knowledge and their attitude towards risk factors of infant hearing loss, its early identification and intervention and also awareness of effect of consanguinity on hearing loss...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885417/association-of-nonsteroidal-antiinflammatory-drugs-and-postpartum-hypertension-in-women-with-preeclampsia-with-severe-features
#14
Oscar A Viteri, Joey A England, Mesk A Alrais, Kayla A Lash, Maria I Villegas, Olaide A Ashimi Balogun, Suneet P Chauhan, Baha M Sibai
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are associated with persistent postpartum hypertension in a cohort of women with preeclampsia and severe features. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a single, tertiary center from January 2013 to December 2015. All women diagnosed with severe preeclampsia who remained hypertensive for greater than 24 hours after delivery were included. The primary outcome was the rate of persistent postpartum hypertension, defined as systolic blood pressure 150 mm Hg or greater or diastolic 100 mm Hg or greater (or both), on two occasions, at least 4 hours apart...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866113/infected-breast-cyst-due-to-prevotella-buccae-resistant-to-metronidazole
#15
Fernando Cobo, Javier Rodríguez-Granger, Antonio Sampedro, José María Navarro-Marí
Prevotella buccae is a Gram-negative anaerobic rod involved in some human infections. We report the first case of an infected breast cyst in a non-puerperal women due to this pathogen. A 53-year-old woman presented with pain and a cystic lesion in the right breast. Culture of abscess drainage resulted in isolation of P. buccae. High level of resistance to metronidazole was documented. Treatment with drainage and amoxicillin-clavulanate was established, and improvement of this infection was observed.
September 1, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851649/cholestatic-pregnancy-is-associated-with-reduced-vcam1-expression-in-vascular-endothelial-cell-of-placenta
#16
XueWei Qin, XiaoTian Ni, XiaoYuan Mao, Hao Ying, QiaoLing Du
OBJECTIVE: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy-specific disease which is closely correlated with abnormal placental vascular formation and deficient vascular maturation. This study intends to explore the role of VCAM-1 in the vascular formation in the placenta of ICP. METHODS: Patients with ICP or healthy puerperant were respectively used as ICP group and control group. The umbilical vein endothelial cell Eahy926 was selected as in vitro cell model...
August 26, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847070/-study-on-the-19-th-century-puerperal-fever-epidemic-semmelweis-an-often-neglected-pioneer-epidemiologist
#17
Q Feng, J L Tang
Puerperal fever was a major cause of maternal death in Europe in the 19(th) century. Many efforts were made to investigate the cause of the epidemic but failed. In 1846, Semmelweis, a young obstetrician in Vienna General Hospital, started his historical investigation. His breakthrough was largely due to his doctor friend's accidental injury during autopsy and his consequential death. Semmelweis found the pathological findings in his friend's post mortem examination were very similar to puerperal fever. He postulated his friend's death might be caused by "cadaverous particles" from cadavers and further inferred that puerperal fever might also be caused by the cadaverous particles that doctors brought to the delivering women after autopsy classes...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841838/maternal-and-perinatal-outcome-after-previous-caesarean-section-in-rural-rwanda
#18
Richard Kalisa, Stephen Rulisa, Jos van Roosmalen, Thomas van den Akker
BACKGROUND: Offering a trial of labor (ToL) after previous caesarean section (CS) is an important strategy to reduce short- and long-term morbidity associated with repeated CS. We compared maternal and perinatal outcomes between ToL and elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS) at a district hospital in rural Rwanda. METHODS: Audit of women's records with one prior CS who delivered at Ruhengeri district hospital in Rwanda between June 2013 and December 2014. RESULTS: Out of 4131 women who came for delivery, 435 (11%) had scarred uteri...
August 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811777/acute-renal-morbidities-with-obstetrical-emergencies-an-important-women-health-issue
#19
Meharun-Nissa Khaskheli, Shahla Baloch, Aneela Sheeba, Sarmad Baloch, Fahad Khan, Mohammad Rafique Ansari
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impact of acute renal morbidities with obstetrical emergencies on maternal health. METHODS: In this study pregnant women between 28-40 weeks gestational period and delivered women in their puerperal period up to 42 days after delivery having acute renal problems associated with obstetrical emergencies were included. Pregnant and delivered women with obstetrical emergencies and associated other morbidities were excluded. These women were registered on the predesigned proforma after taking written informed consent and taking approval from institutional ethic research committee...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782423/maternal-anaemia-after-delivery-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#20
Carola Medina Garrido, Jaime León, Adriana Romaní Vidal
The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of postpartum anaemia and determine the clinical risk factors for this condition to provide a viable alternative to postpartum haemoglobin measurement. In total, 1415 patients at Hospital Universitario del Tajo, Madrid, who underwent postpartum haemoglobin testing were included, and risk factors for having an Hb level <10 g/dl were determined. We found that 29% of the mothers were anaemic, and birth canal lacerations, caesarean delivery, episiotomy and South American origin were identified as the main risk factors for this condition...
August 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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