keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pelvic anatomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435745/a-step-towards-stereotactic-navigation-during-pelvic-surgery-3d-nerve-topography
#1
A R Wijsmuller, C Giraudeau, J Leroy, G J Kleinrensink, E Rociu, L G Romagnolo, A G F Melani, V Agnus, M Diana, L Soler, B Dallemagne, J Marescaux, D Mutter
BACKGROUND: Long-term morbidity after multimodal treatment for rectal cancer is suggested to be mainly made up by nerve-injury-related dysfunctions. Stereotactic navigation for rectal surgery was shown to be feasible and will be facilitated by highlighting structures at risk of iatrogenic damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability to make a 3D map of the pelvic nerves with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A systematic review was performed to identify a main positional reference for each pelvic nerve and plexus...
February 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420400/customized-pessary-fabrication-using-three-dimensional-printing-technology
#2
Michael Barsky, Robert Kelley, Faiz Y Bhora, Anne Hardart
BACKGROUND: Pessaries are a treatment option for pelvic organ prolapse, stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and cervical incompetence. An effective pessary is comfortable, corrects the presenting problem, does not cause adverse effects, and is easy to remove. Discomfort and poor fit limit the usefulness of pessaries for many women. Each patient presents with unique anatomy and thus the effectiveness of commercially available pessaries may be limited by lack of customization. METHOD: A patient presenting with SUI and failed commercial pessary fittings desired nonsurgical treatment...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417986/three-dimensional-anatomy-of-the-anthropoid-bony-pelvis
#3
Carol V Ward, Scott D Maddux, Emily R Middleton
OBJECTIVES: Pelvic form is hypothesized to reflect locomotor adaptation in anthropoids. Most observed variation is found in the ilium, which traditionally is thought to reflect thoracic and shoulder morphology. This article examines the articulated bony pelvis of anthropoids in three dimensions (3D) to test hypothesized variation in pelvic anatomy related to overall torso form. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty landmarks were collected on articulated pelves from 240 anthropoid individuals...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401088/safe-zone-quantification-of-the-third-sacral-segment-in-normal-and-dysmorphic-sacra
#4
John S Hwang, Mark C Reilly, Mohammad K Shaath, Stuart Changoor, Jonathan Eastman, Milton Lee Chip Routt, Michael S Sirkin, Mark R Adams
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the osseous anatomy of the dysmorphic third sacral segment and assess its ability to accommodate internal fixation DESIGN:: Retrospective chart review of a trauma database SETTING:: University Level 1 Trauma Center PATIENTS:: Fifty-nine patients over the age of 18 with computed tomography (CT) scans of the pelvis separated into two groups: a group with normal pelvic anatomy and a group with sacral dysmorphism. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The sacral osseous area was measured on CT scans in the axial, coronal, and sagittal planes in normal and dysmorphic pelves...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390218/-surgical-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#5
Leonidas Karapanos, Johannes Salem, Ilgar Akbarov, Axel Heidenreich, Vahudin Zugor
Female pelvic organ prolapse is a widely prevalent condition and is associated with variable morbidity. It encompasses a number of clinical conditions, including subvesical obstruction, overactive bladder symptoms, sexual dysfunction and urinary und fecal incontinence. The prevalence of pelvic insufficiency is estimated to be between 30 and 50 %. As life expectancy is increasing and the elderly population is growing, there will be an increased incidence of the condition and growing demand for pelvic floor treatment in the future...
February 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390217/-female-stress-incontinence-aspects-of-pathogenesis-and-functional-anatomy
#6
Annette Kohler, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Manfred Staat, Bernhard Brehmer
This article focuses on female stress incontinence in the form of pelvic floor dysfunction and urethral sphincter deficiency, although isolated stress incontinence accounts for less than half of all incontinence cases. Especially in women of old age and those with neurological comorbidities, the causes of incontinence are mostly multifactorial. Also it has to be considered that the female bladder, urethra, uterus and rectum as well as the muscular and ligamentous structures of the female pelvis minor are affected by phases of fertility, possible pregnancies, births and menopause in addition to the normal ageing process...
February 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386736/laparoscopic-laser-lithotripsy-inside-the-endocatch-bag-an-alternative-technique-for-removal-of-large-post-lap-pyelolithotomy-calculi
#7
Jaspreet Singh Sandhu, Vishal Varma, Makarand Mishra
Large staghorn calculi in unascended pelvic kidneys and in normally located kidneys with anatomy unsuitable for percutaneous nephrolithotomy have to be treated via pyelolithotomy. When performed laparoscopically, the extraction of these staghorn calculi, without extending skin incision at the port site is challenging. We describe the successful use of laparoscopic laser lithotripsy, intracorporeally, with the entrapped calculus inside the endocatch bag, for fragmentation and retrieval without extension of skin incision...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381497/comparison-of-vaginal-axis-in-women-who-have-undergone-hysterectomy-versus-women-with-an-intact-uterus
#8
Daniel D Lee, Evan S Siegelman, Wynne Y Chua, Lily A Arya, Heidi S Harvie
OBJECTIVES: To compare vaginal axis and posterior cul-de-sac measurements in women who have undergone hysterectomy and women with an intact uterus. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study comparing magnetic resonance imaging findings in women who had undergone hysterectomy with women with an intact uterus. The primary outcome was change in the upper, middle, and lower vaginal axes relative to the pelvic inclination correction system line. Secondary outcomes included angles between the upper-middle and middle-lower vagina, depth of the posterior cul-de-sac, and total vaginal length...
January 29, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374871/-should-every-woman-after-labor-be-offered-pelvic-floor-physiotherapy
#9
REVIEW
Vered Eisenberg, Rachel Kafri
Pelvic floor damage can occur during pregnancy, during childbirth or post-partum, and may be expressed by symptoms such as urinary incontinence, fecal and gas incontinence, sexual dysfunction, pelvic organ prolapse and chronic pelvic pain. Some of the symptoms, which manifest later in a woman's life, will go unrecognized in the immediate postpartum period. Most women do not mention their general health, unless specifically asked. Physiotherapists, who are adept with the anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and the ability to diagnose unique differences, can aid in the diagnosis and treatment of postpartum pelvic floor problems...
January 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371143/surgical-factors-associated-with-male-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-after-radical-cystectomy-what-do-we-know-and-how-can-we-improve-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Filippo Pederzoli, Jeffrey D Campbell, Hotaka Matsui, Nikolai A Sopko, Trinity J Bivalacqua
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction after radical cystectomy (RC) is a frequent, though commonly overlooked symptom for both men and women. Improved oncological outcomes and the rising number of bladder cancer survivors mandate physicians to closely address and evaluate post-surgical sexual dysfunction and offer goal-directed treatment. Improvements in RC surgical techniques that promote post-operative sexual function have been proposed, alongside new quality-of-life inventories and sexual function therapeutic options; however, rigorous studies in the field are lacking...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368877/transperitoneal-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-children-does-upper-urinary-tract-anomalies-affect-surgical-outcomes
#11
João Arthur Brunhara, Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, Marcos Figueiredo Mello, Hiury Silva Andrade, Paulo Afonso Carvalho, Bruno Nicolino Cezarino, Francisco Tibor Dénes, Roberto Iglesias Lopes
OBJECTIVE: to assess the feasibility and outcomes of laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children with complex ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and compare to children with iso-lated UPJO without associated urinary tract abnormalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 82 consecutive children submitted to transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty in a 12-year period were reviewed. Eleven cases were con-sidered complex, consisting of atypical anatomy including horseshoe kidneys in 6 patients, pelvic kidneys in 3 patients, and a duplex collecting system in 2 patients...
January 26, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363112/anatomical-network-analysis-of-the-musculoskeletal-system-reveals-integration-loss-and-parcellation-boost-during-the-fins-to-limbs-transition
#12
Borja Esteve-Altava, Julia L Molnar, Peter Johnston, John R Hutchinson, Rui Diogo
Tetrapods evolved from within the lobe-finned fishes around 370 Ma. The evolution of limbs from lobe-fins entailed a major re-organization of the skeletal and muscular anatomy of appendages in early tetrapods. Concurrently, a degree of similarity between pectoral and pelvic appendages also evolved. Here, we compared the anatomy of appendages in extant lobe-finned fishes (Latimeria and Neoceratodus) and anatomically plesiomorphic amphibians (Ambystoma, Salamandra) and amniotes (Sphenodon) to trace and reconstruct the musculoskeletal changes that took place during the fins-to-limbs transition...
January 24, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333592/3d-models-of-female-pelvis-structures-reconstructed-and-represented-in-combination-with-anatomical-and-radiological-sections
#13
L Asensio Romero, M Asensio Gómez, A Prats-Galino, J A Juanes Méndez
We present a computer program designed to visualize and interact with three-dimensional models of the main anatomical structures of the female pelvis. They are reconstructed from serial sections of corpse, from the Visible Human project of the Medical Library of the United States and from serial sections of high-resolution magnetic resonance. It is possible to represent these three-dimensional structures in any spatial orientation, together with sectional images of corpse and magnetic resonance imaging, in the three planes of space (axial, coronal and sagittal) that facilitates the anatomical understanding and the identification of the set of visceral structures of this body region...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327265/successful-diagnosis-of-an-occult-fallopian-tube-carcinoma-detected-from-the-diaphragm-metastasis
#14
Takahide Toyoda, Hidemi Suzuki, Takahiro Nakajima, Takekazu Iwata, Ayumu Matsuoka, Kyoko Nishikimi, Yoko Yonemori, Makio Shozu, Yukio Nakatani, Ichiro Yoshino
We herein reported a rare case of an occult fallopian tube carcinoma first detected from the diaphragm metastasis. An 83-year-old woman who had a 30-mm tumor on the right diaphragm underwent radical resection. Pathologically, the tumor was diagnosed as a high-grade serous adenocarcinoma, suggesting metastasis from the pelvic visceral carcinoma. Although the primary site could not be detected by imaging examinations, laparoscopy revealed multiple peritoneal disseminations; therefore, total hysterectomy was performed...
January 11, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320316/translabial-us-and-dynamic-mr-imaging-of-the-pelvic-floor-normal-anatomy-and-dysfunction
#15
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Angela H M Caiado, Gisele Warmbrand, Paulo C Serafini
Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a common condition that typically affects women older than 50 years and decreases the quality of life. Weakening of support structures can involve all three pelvic compartments and cause a combination of symptoms, including constipation, urinary and fecal incontinence, obstructed defecation, pelvic pain, perineal bulging, and sexual dysfunction. The causes of PFD are complex and multifactorial; however, vaginal delivery is considered a major predisposing factor. Physical examination alone is limited in the evaluation of PFD; it frequently leads to an underestimation of the involved compartments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305252/the-anatomy-of-the-sacral-promontory-how-to-avoid-complications-of-the-sacrocolpopexy-procedure
#16
Géraldine Giraudet, Aurore Protat, Michel Cosson
Because of problems with vaginal meshes and high rate recurrences of native tissue repair, more and more surgeons treat pelvic organ prolapse performing laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy. This surgery requires skilled surgeons. The first step of sacrocolpopexy is the dissection of tissues in front of the sacral promontory to reach the anterior longitudinal ligament. Some complications can occur during this dissection and the attachment of the mesh. This place is dangerous for surgeons because of the proximity of vessels, nerves and ureters...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299627/3d-vascular-anatomy-of-the-presacral-space-impact-of-age-and-adiposity
#17
Alexander A Berger, Steven Abramowitch, Pamela A Moalli
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Defining patient characteristics that alter vascular anatomy at the sacrum is critical for avoiding life-threatening bleeding at the time of sacrocolpopexy. We tested the hypothesis that in thinner/older women, the bifurcations of the aorta and inferior vena cava (IVC) are lower relative to S1 resulting in less space accessible for suture/mesh placement, placing this group at increased risk of major vascular injury. METHODS: In a retrospective cross-sectional study, CT scans were used to make 2D measurements and a 3D model of the aorta/IVC, intervertebral disc space, and bony anatomy using segmentation and modeling software...
January 3, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298475/neuropelveology-an-emerging-discipline-for-the-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain
#18
REVIEW
Marc Possover, Karl-Erik Andersson, Axel Forman
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition involving multiple, organ-specific medical specialties, each with its own approach to diagnosis and treatment. Management requires knowledge of the interplay between pelvic organ function and neuro-functional anatomy, and of the neurologic and psychological aspects of CPP, but no current specialty fully encompasses this approach. Neuropelveology is an emerging discipline focusing on pathologies of the pelvic nervous system on a cross-disciplinary basis. It involves a neurological/neurosurgical approach, combining the knowledge required for a proper neurologic diagnosis, confirmation by transvaginal/transrectal examination of the pelvic nerves, and advanced laparoscopic surgery in selected cases of CPP...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278967/physiotherapy-methods-to-facilitate-pelvic-floor-muscle-contraction-a-systematic-review
#19
Elaine Cristine Lemes Mateus-Vasconcelos Pt PhD, Aline Moreira Ribeiro Pt MSc, Flávia Ignácio Antônio Pt PhD, Luiz Gustavo de Oliveira Brito PhD, Cristine Homsi Jorge Ferreira
AIM: To undertake a systematic review of the literature on physical therapy methods to facilitate voluntary pelvic floor muscles (PFM) contraction. METHODS: The databases consulted were PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PEDro and CINHAL. The study included randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental trials and systematic reviews. The GRADE scale was used to assess methodological quality...
December 26, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277793/retzius-sparing-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-associated-with-less-bladder-neck-descent-and-better-early-continence-outcome
#20
Li-Wen Chang, Sheng-Chun Hung, Ju-Chuan Hu, Kun-Yuan Chiu
BACKGROUND/AIM: We attempted to evaluate the association of early continence outcome of Retzius-sparing robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and bladder neck descent with postoperative cystography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2014 to December 2015, 30 patients with prostate cancer who received Retzius-sparing LRP/ RARP were compared to 30 patients that received retropubic approach RARP with propensity score matching analysis. Cystogram was used to evaluate the bladder neck descent using the bladder neck to pubic symphysis (BNPS) ratio and the continence state was evaluated...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
keyword
keyword
41865
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"