keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pelvic anatomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419885/registry-of-implants-for-the-reconstruction-of-pelvic-floor-in-males-and-females-a-feasibility-case-series
#1
Dimitri Barski, Holger Gerullis, Thorsten Ecke, Jennifer Kranz, Laila Schneidewind, Nadine Leistner, Fabian Queissert, Sandra Mühlstädt, Markus Grabbert, Rana Tahbaz, Alexandre Egon Pelzer, Ralf Joukhadar, Uwe Klinge, Mihaly Boros, Werner Bader, Gert Naumann, Frank Puppe, Thomas Otto
INTRODUCTION: Most aspects of implant-assisted reconstruction of pelvic floor in males and females are under debate and the research is not standardized. Registries are supposed to shed light to the indications, surgical techniques and material properties and to establish a standardized evaluation. METHODS: A working group was formed to create an online platform for registration and outcome measurement of implant-assisted operations for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and female and male stress urinary incontinence (SUI)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418575/effects-of-previous-osteotomy-on-outcome-of-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#2
Harlan Cabot Amstutz, Michel Jean Le Duff
The effect of previous conservative surgeries on the outcome of metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) has not been studied. This study compared postoperative clinical scores and survivorship results of hips with and without previous osteotomies in a population of patients who underwent HRA. A total of 1101 patients (1375 hips) with a mean age of 51.3 years at the time of surgery underwent HRA at a single center. Sixty-nine patients had undergone prior surgery on the operated hip including 14 osteotomies (1 pelvic, 6 femoral, and 7 combined pelvic and femoral osteotomies)...
April 18, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413041/defining-cervical-elongation-a-prospective-observational-study
#3
Patrick A Nosti, Robert E Gutman, Cheryl B Iglesia, Amy J Park, Eshetu Tefera, Andrew I Sokol
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to define cervical elongation (CE) using the following methods: (1) measurement of pathology specimen, (2) physician perception, (3) intraoperative estimate of anterior cervical length, and (4) office Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) points C and D. Our secondary aim was to determine whether these definitions correlate with perioperative outcomes. METHODS: Women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy and prolapse repair were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411709/chronic-refractory-venous-ulcer-exacerbated-by-a-congenital-pelvic-arteriovenous-malformation-successfully-treated-by-transarterial-onyx-embolization
#4
Naiem Nassiri, Dustin T Crystal, Catherine Hoyt, Randy Shafritz
Congenital arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are an important but often neglected cause of lower extremity venous hypertension. A case of a chronic refractory venous stasis ulcer of the lower extremity exacerbated by a pelvic AVM is presented. Healing of the ulcer was achieved at 2 months without recurrence at 1 year after superselective ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx 34; ev3, Covidien, Plymouth, Minn) embolization of the AVM nidus. Chronic venous arterialization should be considered in cases of refractory, nonhealing venous ulcers...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#5
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406563/evolution-of-the-human-pelvis
#6
Karen R Rosenberg, Jeremy M DeSilva
No bone in the human postcranial skeleton differs more dramatically from its match in an ape skeleton than the pelvis. Humans have evolved a specialized pelvis, well-adapted for the rigors of bipedal locomotion. Precisely how this happened has been the subject of great interest and contention in the paleoanthropological literature. In part, this is because of the fragility of the pelvis and its resulting rarity in the human fossil record. However, new discoveries from Miocene hominoids and Plio-Pleistocene hominins have reenergized debates about human pelvic evolution and shed new light on the competing roles of bipedal locomotion and obstetrics in shaping pelvic anatomy...
May 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397010/corona-mortis-anastomosis-a-three-dimensional-computerized-tomographic-angiographic-study
#7
Ely L Steinberg, Tomer Ben-Tov, Galit Aviram, Yohai Steinberg, Ehud Rath, Galia Rosen
PURPOSE: We evaluated the corona mortis (CM) anatomy by means of three-dimensional computerized tomography angiographic (CTA). METHODS: Patient demographic, anastomosis incidence, artery diameter, artery distance from the symphysis pubis, and pelvic size (distance between both acetabular upper labrum) parameters were assessed. The 100 patients included 66 males and 34 females (average age of 67.8 years). RESULTS: There were 66 (33%) arterial anastomoses in the 200 evaluated arteries, 30 in the right side and 36 in the left side, 36 unilaterally and 15 bilaterally...
April 10, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392009/genitourinary-and-gastrointestinal-co-morbidities-in-children-the-role-of-neural-circuits-in-regulation-of-visceral-function
#8
REVIEW
A P Malykhina, K E Brodie, D T Wilcox
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is a common problem in childhood. Lower urinary tract symptoms in children include overactive bladder, voiding postponement, stress incontinence, giggle incontinence, and dysfunctional voiding. Gastrointestinal co-morbidities, including constipation or fecal incontinence, are commonly associated with lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms in children, often reaching 22-34%. This review summarized the potential mechanisms underlying functional lower urinary and gastrointestinal co-morbidities in children...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389135/a-contemporary-definition-of-hip-dysplasia-and-structural-instability-toward-a-comprehensive-classification-for-acetabular-dysplasia
#9
Geoffrey P Wilkin, Mazen M Ibrahim, Kevin M Smit, Paul E Beaulé
Hip dysplasia has long been known to be a risk factor for pain and degenerative changes in the hip joint. The diagnosis of dysplasia has historically been based on assessments of acetabular anatomy on the anteroposterior pelvic radiograph, most commonly the lateral center-edge angle. Recent advances in imaging of the dysplastic hip with computerized tomography scans have demonstrated that hip dysplasia is in fact a 3-dimensional (D) deformity of the acetabulum and that multiple patterns of hip instability exist that may not be completely assessed on 2D imaging...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379908/effects-of-long-term-high-load-exercise-on-the-anatomy-of-the-hip-joints-a-preliminary-report
#10
Yawei Song, Xiyuan Zhang, Ke Rong
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of different sports on hip joint anatomic parameters in athletes. This was a cross-sectional study of eight male trampolinists, eight male weightlifters, and eight male volunteers enrolled in July 2014. Hip joint anatomic parameters were measured from plain radiographs taken at the level of the lesser trochanter center. Data were compared between groups using the χ-test or one-way analysis of variance with the Bonferroni post-hoc test. There were no significant differences among groups in age, height, or weight...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373141/spine-hip-relations-add-understandings-to-the-pathophysiology-of-femoro-acetabular-impingement-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
C Rivière, A Hardijzer, J-Y Lazennec, P Beaulé, S Muirhead-Allwood, J Cobb
Relationship between hip pathoanatomy and symptomatic FAI has been reported to be weak. This is explained by the reciprocal interaction between proximal femur and acetabular anatomies, but potentially also by the individual spine-hip relations (SHR). The key-answer for a complete understanding of the pathophysiology of FAI might lie in the comprehension of the SHRs, which have not yet been fully addressed. Therefore we conducted a systematic review to answer the subsequent questions: Is there any evidence of a relationship between FAI and (1) sagittal pelvic kinematics, (2) pelvic incidence, and (3) types of SHRs? A systematic review of the existing literature utilizing PubMed and Google search engines was performed in December 2016...
April 1, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373081/morphometry-of-the-sacrum-and-its-implication-on-trans-sacral-corridors-using-a-ct-data-based-3d-statistical-model
#12
Daniel Wagner, Lukas Kamer, Takeshi Sawaguchi, R Geoff Richards, Hansrudi Noser, Alexander Hofmann, Pol M Rommens
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Trans-sacral implants are increasingly used to treat fractures of the sacrum, especially for osteoporosis-associated fragility fractures. However, the complex and highly variable sacral anatomy limits their use. It is still not clear which morphologic characteristics are critical to determine the availability and dimensions of trans-sacral corridors. PURPOSE: To assess sacral anatomy and its influence on trans-sacral corridors. STUDY DESIGN: CT-based 3D statistical size and shape model of the sacrum with multiple morphometric measurements...
March 31, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364867/preventing-urinary-tract-infections-after-menopause-without-antibiotics
#13
REVIEW
Marta Caretto, Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Tommaso Simoncini
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections in women, and increase in incidence after the menopause. It is important to uncover underlying abnormalities or modifiable risk factors. Several risk factors for recurrent UTIs have been identified, including the frequency of sexual intercourse, spermicide use and abnormal pelvic anatomy. In postmenopausal women UTIs often accompany the symptoms and signs of the genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM). Antimicrobial prophylaxis has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the risk of recurrent UTIs in women, but this may lead to drug resistance of both the causative microorganisms and the indigenous flora...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359409/surgical-management-of-urinary-stones-with-abnormal-kidney-anatomy
#14
Giray Ergin, Mustafa Kirac, Ali Unsal, Burak Kopru, Mustafa Yordam, Hasan Biri
In spite of the fact that urologic surgical techniques used by urologists are becoming more and more minimally invasive and easier because of developing technologies, surgical approaches for the urinary stones in kidneys with abnormal anatomy are still confusing. The objective of this article is to determine the treatment options in these kidneys. For this purpose, between 2005 and 2015, we retrospectively evaluated patients operated for urolithiasis with various congenital renal anomalies in five referral urology clinics in our country...
April 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330796/chronic-low-back-pain-after-lumbosacral-fracture-due-to-sagittal-and-frontal-vertebral-imbalance
#15
L Boyoud-Garnier, M Boudissa, S Ruatti, G Kerschbaumer, P Grobost, J Tonetti
PROBLEM AND HYPOTHESIS: Over time, some patients with unilateral or bilateral lumbosacral injuries experience chronic low back pain. We studied the sagittal and frontal balance in a population with these injuries to determine whether mismatch in the pelvic and lumbar angles are associated with chronic low back pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with posterior pelvic ring fractures (Tile C1, C2, C3 and A3.3) that had healed were included. Foreign patients and those with an associated spinal or acetabular fracture or nonunion were excluded...
March 19, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328842/three-dimensional-printing-and-computer-navigation-assisted-hemipelvectomy-for-en-bloc-resection-of-osteochondroma-a-case-report
#16
Yaqing Zhang, Lianjiang Wen, Jun Zhang, Guoliang Yan, Yue Zhou, Bo Huang
RATIONALE: Three-dimensional (3D) printed templates can be designed to match an individual's anatomy, allowing surgeons to refine preoperative planning. In addition, the use of computer navigation (NAV) is gaining popularity to improve surgical accuracy in the resection of pelvic tumors. However, its use in combination with 3D printing to assist complex pelvic tumor resection has not been reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 36-year-old man presented with left-sided pelvic pain and a fast-growing mass...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299781/architectural-differences-in-the-anterior-and-middle-compartments-of-the-pelvic-floor-of-young-adult-and-postmenopausal-females
#17
Yi Wu, Noshir F Dabhoiwala, Jaco Hagoort, Li-Wen Tan, Shao-Xiang Zhang, Wouter H Lamers
The pelvic floor guards the passage of the pelvic organs to the exterior. The near-epidemic prevalence of incontinence in women continues to generate interest in the functional anatomy of the pelvic floor. However, due to its complex architecture and poor accessibility, the classical 'dissectional' approach has been unable to come up with a satisfactory description, so that many aspects of its anatomy continue to raise debate. For this reason, we opted for a 'sectional' approach, using the Chinese Visible Human project (four females, 21-35 years) and the Visible Human Project (USA; one female, 59 years) datasets to investigate age-related changes in the architecture of the anterior and middle compartments of the pelvic floor...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297312/anatomy-based-definition-of-point-a-utilizing-three-dimensional-volumetric-imaging-approach-for-high-dose-rate-hdr-intracavitary-brachytherapy-dose-prescription-when-treating-cervical-cancer-using-limited-resources
#18
Manish K Goyal, D V Rai, Than S Kehwar, Jayanand Manjhi, Bret H Heintz, Kathleen L Shide, Jerry L Barker
This study was designed to determine whether volumetric imaging could identify consistent alternative prescription methods to Manchester/point A when prescribing radiation dose in the treatment of cervical cancer using HDR intracavitary brachytherapy (ICBT). One hundred and twenty-five treatment plans of 25 patients treated for carcinoma of the cervix were reviewed retrospectively. Each patient received 5 fractions of HDR ICBT following initial cisplatin-based pelvic chemoradiation, and radiation dose was originally prescribed to point A (ICRU-38)...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297189/pelvic-inlet-shape-is-not-as-dimorphic-as-previously-suggested
#19
Hillary Delprete
It is well known that there are significant differences in the pelves of males and females due, in part, to differing constraints. The male and female pelves must be suitable for upright posture and locomotion, but the female pelvis must also be suitable for reproduction. These differing requirements lead to differences in the shape and size of various pelvic dimensions. These differences are reflected in the pelvic inlet, midplane, and outlet. Current research has documented dimorphisms in the posterior and anterior spaces in all three of these planes...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297184/the-human-pelvis-variation-in-structure-and-function-during-gait
#20
Cara L Lewis, Natalie M Laudicina, Anne Khuu, Kari L Loverro
The shift to habitual bipedalism 4-6 million years ago in the hominin lineage created a morphologically and functionally different human pelvis compared to our closest living relatives, the chimpanzees. Evolutionary changes to the shape of the pelvis were necessary for the transition to habitual bipedalism in humans. These changes in the bony anatomy resulted in an altered role of muscle function, influencing bipedal gait. Additionally, there are normal sex-specific variations in the pelvis as well as abnormal variations in the acetabulum...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
keyword
keyword
41865
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"