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"quorum sensing inhibition", "pseudomonas aeruginosa"

Basmah Almohaywi, Aditi Taunk, Daniel S Wenholz, Shashidhar Nizalapur, Nripendra N Biswas, Kitty K K Ho, Scott A Rice, George Iskander, David StC Black, Renate Griffith, Naresh Kumar
Bacterial infections, particularly hospital-acquired infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa , have become a global threat with a high mortality rate. Gram-negative bacteria including P. aeruginosa employ N -acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) as chemical signals to regulate the expression of pathogenic phenotypes through a mechanism called quorum sensing (QS). Recently, strategies targeting bacterial behaviour or QS have received great attention due to their ability to disarm rather than kill pathogenic bacteria, which lowers the evolutionary burden on bacteria and the risk of resistance development...
May 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hoang D Lu, Elizabeth Pearson, Kurt D Ristroph, Gregg A Duncan, Laura M Ensign, Jung Soo Suk, Justin Hanes, Robert K Prud'homme
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic gram-negative pathogen that causes a wide range of infections; it is becoming increasingly difficult to treat due to antibiotic resistance. Quorum-sensing (QS) based therapeutics, which function by disabling pathogen virulence without killing pathogens, are a promising class of drugs that may be used to treat bacterial infections without eliciting resistance development. The use of QS drugs to treat pulmonary P. aeruginosa infections, however, has been greatly limited due to the inability to deliver QS drugs at sufficiently high concentrations past physiological barriers such as pulmonary mucus...
June 10, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Tim Holm Jakobsen, Maria Alhede, Louise Dahl Hultqvist, Thomas Bjarnsholt, Michael Givskov
The formation of biofilms in conjunction with quorum sensing (QS) regulated expression of virulence by opportunistic pathogens contributes significantly to immune evasion and tolerance to a variety of antimicrobial treatments. The present protocol describes methods to determine the in vitro efficacy of potential QS inhibitors (QSIs). Work on Pseudomonas aeruginosa has shown that chemical blockage of QS is a promising new antimicrobial strategy. Several live bacterial reporter systems have been developed to screen extracts and pure compounds for QSI activity...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Vijay K Singh, Avinash Mishra, Bhavanath Jha
Multidrug-resistance bacteria commonly use cell-to-cell communication that leads to biofilm formation as one of the mechanisms for developing resistance. Quorum sensing inhibition (QSI) is an effective approach for the prevention of biofilm formation. A Gram-negative bacterium, Delftia tsuruhatensis SJ01, was isolated from the rhizosphere of a species of sedge ( Cyperus laevigatus ) grown along the coastal-saline area. The isolate SJ01 culture and bacterial crude extract showed QSI activity in the biosensor plate containing the reference strain Chromobacterium violaceum CV026...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Hisham A Abbas, Moutaz A Shaldam
BACKGROUND: Targeting quorum sensing is an alternative approach to antibiotics.Targeting quorum sensing-regulated virulence will disarm the pathogen without exerting pressure on its growth. As a result, emergence of resistance is avoided and the immune system can easily eradicate bacteria. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of the possible inhibition of quorum sensing-regulated virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by glyceryltrinitrate. METHODS: The quorum sensing inhibiting activity of glyceryl trinitrate was assessed by inhibition of violacein production in Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
Hong Chang, Jin Zhou, Xiaoshan Zhu, Shenchen Yu, Lu Chen, Hui Jin, Zhonghua Cai
A novel strategy for combating pathogens is through the ongoing development and use of anti-quorum sensing (QS) treatments such as therapeutic bacteria or their anti-QS substances. Relatively little is known about the bacteria that inhabit the open ocean and of their potential anti-pathogenic attributes; thus, in an initiative to identify these types of therapeutic bacteria, planktonic microbes from the North Atlantic Ocean were collected, isolated, cultured and screened for anti-QS activity. Screening analysis identified one such strain, Rhizobium sp...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Barış Gökalsın, Busecan Aksoydan, Burak Erman, Nüzhet Cenk Sesal
Pseudomonas aeruginosa can regulate its virulence gene expressions by using a signal system called quorum sensing. It is known that inhibition of quorum sensing can block biofilm formation and leave the bacteria defenseless. Therefore, it is necessary to determine natural sources to obtain potential quorum sensing inhibitors. This study aims to investigate an alternative treatment approach by utilizing the carotenoid zeaxanthin to reduce the expressions of P. aeruginosa virulence factors through quorum sensing inhibition...
August 2017: Microbial Ecology
Martín Pérez-Pérez, Paula Jorge, Gael Pérez Rodríguez, Maria Olívia Pereira, Anália Lourenço
Quorum sensing plays a pivotal role in Pseudomonas aeruginosa's virulence. This paper reviews experimental results on antimicrobial strategies based on quorum sensing inhibition and discusses current targets in the regulatory network that determines P. aeruginosa biofilm formation and virulence. A bioinformatics framework combining literature mining with information from biomedical ontologies and curated databases was used to create a knowledge network of potential anti-quorum sensing agents for P. aeruginosa...
February 2017: Biofouling
Zackery P Bulman, Neang S Ly, Justin R Lenhard, Patricia N Holden, Jürgen B Bulitta, Brian T Tsuji
The impact of quorum sensing on polymyxin and azithromycin pharmacodynamics was assessed in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and an isogenic rhlR / lasR double knockout. For polymyxin B, greater killing against the rhlR / lasR knockout than against PAO1 was observed at 108 CFU/ml (polymyxin B half-maximal effective concentration [EC50 ], 5.61 versus 12.5 mg/liter, respectively; P < 0.005). Polymyxin B combined with azithromycin (256 mg/liter) was synergistic against each strain, significantly reducing the respective polymyxin B EC50 compared to those with monotherapy ( P < 0...
April 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Israel Castillo-Juarez, Luis Esaú López-Jácome, Gloria Soberón-Chávez, María Tomás, Jintae Lee, Paulina Castañeda-Tamez, Iván Ángelo Hernández-Bárragan, Martha Yumiko Cruz-Muñiz, Toshinari Maeda, Thomas K Wood, Rodolfo García-Contreras
Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii are two of the main bacteria responsible for nosocomial infections; both organisms are resistant to several classes of antibiotics making their infections very difficult to treat. Moreover, they possess a remarkable ability to form biofilms, which further enhances their antimicrobial resistance. Both organisms coordinate their formation of biofilms and their expression of virulence factors through quorum sensing, a system that regulates gene expression at high cell densities and that plays a key role in the establishment of bacterial infections...
January 5, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Sivaramakrishnan Subramaniyan, Sasikumar Divyasree, Girija Sadasivan Sandhia
BACKGROUND: Quorum sensing or the bacterial information flow in an orchestrated manner is an essential feature of many pathogenic bacteria. Quorum quenching molecules (QQ) can inhibit the growth of such bacteria. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of plant extracts as quorum quenchers and monitor the recent patents. METHODS: Many available reports and patents are on synthetic ligand molecules or even compounds isolated from cyanobacteria (Honaucin A) and other microorganisms inhibiting quorum sensing molecules...
2016: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Barış Gökalsın, Nüzhet Cenk Sesal
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease and it affects the respiratory and digestive systems. Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in Cystic Fibrosis are presented as the main cause for high mortality and morbidity rates. Pseudomonas aeruginosa populations can regulate their virulence gene expressions via the bacterial communication system: quorum sensing. Inhibition of quorum sensing by employing quorum sensing inhibitors can leave the bacteria vulnerable. Therefore, determining natural sources to obtain potential quorum sensing inhibitors is essential...
September 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Ramadan Hassan, Mona I Shaaban, Fatma M Abdel Bar, Areej M El-Mahdy, Shadi Shokralla
Quorum sensing (QS) systems communicate bacterial population and stimulate microbial pathogenesis through signaling molecules. Inhibition of QS signals potentially suppresses microbial infections. Antimicrobial properties of Streptomyces have been extensively studied, however, less is known about quorum sensing inhibitory (QSI) activities of Streptomyces. This study explored the QSI potential of Streptomyces isolated from soil. Sixty-five bacterial isolates were purified from soil samples with morphological characteristics of Streptomyces...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Manon Ruffin, Claudia Bilodeau, Émilie Maillé, Shantelle L LaFayette, Geoffrey A McKay, Nguyen Thu Ngan Trinh, Trevor Beaudoin, Martin-Yvon Desrosiers, Simon Rousseau, Dao Nguyen, Emmanuelle Brochiero
Chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infections are associated with progressive epithelial damage and lung function decline. In addition to its role in tissue injury, the persistent presence of P. aeruginosa-secreted products may also affect epithelial repair ability, raising the need for new antivirulence therapies. The purpose of our study was to better understand the outcomes of P. aeruginosa exoproducts exposure on airway epithelial repair processes to identify a strategy to counteract their deleterious effect...
September 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Benedict Wu, Joseph Capilato, Michelle P Pham, Jean Walker, Bernd Spur, Ana Rodriguez, Lark J Perez, Kingsley Yin
Bacterial infections can quickly turn into sepsis, with its attendant clinical sequelae of inflammation, tissue injury, and organ failure. Paradoxically, sustained inflammation in sepsis may lead to immune suppression, because of which the host is unable to clear the existing infection. Use of agents that suppress the inflammatory response may accelerate host immune suppression, whereas use of traditional antibiotics does not significantly affect inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether lipoxin A4 (LXA4), a specialized, proresolution lipid mediator, could increase neutrophil phagocytic activity as well as reduce bacterial virulence...
June 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Wai-Kean Goh, Christopher R Gardner, Kondapalli V G Chandra Sekhar, Nripendra N Biswas, Shashidhar Nizalapur, Scott A Rice, Mark Willcox, David StC Black, Naresh Kumar
Gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli use N-acylated l-homoserine lactones (AHLs) as autoinducers (AIs) for quorum sensing (QS), a chief regulatory and cell-to-cell communication system. QS is responsible for social adaptation, virulence factor production, biofilm production and antibiotic resistance in bacteria. Fimbrolides, a class of halogenated furanones isolated from the red marine alga Delisea pulchra, have been shown to exhibit promising QS inhibitory activity against various Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial strains...
December 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Ji-Yang Sheng, Tong-Tong Chen, Xiao-Juan Tan, Ting Chen, Ai-Qun Jia
Stilbenoids, known an important phytoalexins in plants, were renowned for their beneficial effects on cardiovascular, neurological and hepatic systems. In the present study, quorum sensing inhibition activity of ten stilbenoids were tested using Chromobacterium violaceum CV026 as the bio-indicator strain and the structure-activity relationship was also investigated. Among them, resveratrol (1), piceatannol (2) and oxyresveratrol (3) showed potential anti-QS activities. At the sub-MIC concentrations, 1-3 demonstrated a statistically significant reduction of violacein in C...
November 15, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Han-Shin Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee, Youngjoo Byun, Hee-Deung Park
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a well-known pathogenic bacterium that forms biofilms and produces virulence factors via quorum sensing (QS). Interfering with normal QS interactions between signal molecules and their cognate receptors is a developing strategy for attenuating its virulence. Here we tested the hypothesis that 6-gingerol, a pungent oil of fresh ginger, reduces biofilm formation and virulence by antagonistically binding to P. aeruginosa QS receptors. In silico studies demonstrated molecular binding occurs between 6-gingerol and the QS receptor LasR through hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions...
2015: Scientific Reports
Evelina Papaioannou, Putri Dwi Utari, Wim J Quax
Bacteria, although considered for decades to be antisocial organisms whose sole purpose is to find nutrients and multiply are, in fact, highly communicative organisms. Referred to as quorum sensing, cell-to-cell communication mechanisms have been adopted by bacteria in order to co-ordinate their gene expression. By behaving as a community rather than as individuals, bacteria can simultaneously switch on their virulence factor production and establish successful infections in eukaryotes. Understanding pathogen-host interactions requires the use of infection models...
2013: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Karen Tait, Jon Havenhand
Increased settlement on bacterial biofilms has been demonstrated for a number of marine invertebrate larvae, but the nature of the cue(s) responsible is not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that the bay barnacle Balanus improvisus utilizes the bacterial signal molecules N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) as a cue for the selection of sites for permanent attachment. Single species biofilms of the AHL-producing bacteria Vibrio anguillarum, Aeromonas hydrophila and Sulfitobacter sp. BR1 were attractive to settling cypris larvae of B...
May 2013: Molecular Ecology
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