Read by QxMD icon Read

Quorum sensing inhibition, Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Huicong Yan, Meizhen Wang, Feng Sun, Ajai A Dandekar, Dongsheng Shen, Na Li
Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses quorum sensing (QS) to regulate the production of public goods such as the secreted protease elastase. P. aeruginosa requires the LasI-LasR QS circuit to induce elastase and enable growth on casein as the sole carbon and energy source. The LasI-LasR system also induces a second QS circuit, the RhlI-RhlR system. During growth on casein, LasR-mutant social cheaters emerge, and this can lead to a population collapse. In a minimal medium containing ammonium sulfate as a nitrogen source, populations do not collapse, and cheaters and cooperators reach a stable equilibrium; however, without ammonium sulfate, cheaters overtake the cooperators and populations collapse...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jin-Wei Zhou, Tong-Tong Chen, Xiao-Juan Tan, Ji-Yang Sheng, Ai-Qun Jia
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is a serious disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and is difficult to cure due to biofilm persistence and emerging multidrug resistance. Considering the essential role of quorum sensing (QS) in P. aeruginosa infections, the enhanced effects between quorum sensing inhibitor (QSI) resveratrol and several antibiotics against P. aeruginosa PAO1 were investigated. Crystal violet staining assay revealed that the biofilms of P. aeruginosa PAO1 grown in the presence of resveratrol were more susceptible to aminoglycoside antibiotics...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Louise Djapgne, Subrata Panja, Luke Brewer, Jonathan Gans, Maureen A Kane, Sarah A Woodson, Amanda G Oglesby-Sherrouse
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic Gram-negative pathogen that requires iron for growth and virulence. In low iron conditions, P. aeruginosa transcribes two highly identical (95%) small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs), PrrF1 and PrrF2, which are required for virulence in acute murine lung infection models. The PrrF sRNAs promote the production of 2-akly-4(1 H )-quinolone metabolites (AQs) that mediate a range of biological activities, including quorum sensing and polymicrobial interactions. Here we show that the PrrF1 and PrrF2 sRNAs promote AQ production by redundantly inhibiting translation of antR , which encodes a transcriptional activator of the anthranilate degradation genes...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Mengmeng Zhang, Mengjia Wang, Xiaocui Zhu, Wengong Yu, Qianhong Gong
OBJECTIVE: To screen for the quorum-sensing (QS) inhibitors from marine-derived fungi and evaluate their anti-QS properties in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. RESULTS: QS inhibitory activity was found in secondary metabolites of a marine fungus Fusarium sp. Z10 using P. aeruginosa QSIS-lasI biosensor. The major active compound of this fungus was isolated by HPLC and identified as equisetin. Subinhibitory concentration of equisetin could inhibit the formation of biofilm, swarming motility, and the production of virulence factors in P...
March 3, 2018: Biotechnology Letters
Debaprasad Parai, Malabika Banerjee, Pia Dey, Arindam Chakraborty, Ekramul Islam, Samir Kumar Mukherjee
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of reserpine, a plant-derived indole-alkaloid, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilms. The anti-biofilm activity of reserpine was evaluated by crystal violet staining, MTT assay, confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Reserpine effects were also assessed by qRT-PCR of quorum sensing (QS)-regulated genes and biochemical quantification of the QS-mediated virulence factors pyocyanin, rhamnolipids, proteases and elastases. Reserpine reduced biofilm formation, cell motility, virulence factor production, and QS-controlled gene expression...
February 27, 2018: Biofouling
Jayalekshmi Haripriyan, Athira Omanakuttan, Nitasha D Menon, Muralidharan Vanuopadath, Sudarslal Sadasivan Nair, Ross Corriden, Bipin G Nair, Victor Nizet, Geetha B Kumar
Earlier studies from our laboratory have demonstrated that clove bud oil (CBO) attenuates expression of certain virulence factors of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Here, we probe more deeply into the effect of CBO on four pseudomonal proteases - elastase A, elastase B, protease IV and alkaline protease - each known to play key roles in disease pathogenesis. CBO inhibited the activity of these proteases present in the bacterial culture supernatant. Zymography studies indicated that these proteases can activate host matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) to establish infection, through conversion of pro-MMP-2 to active MMP-2...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Alison A Jack, Saira Khan, Lydia C Powell, Manon F Pritchard, Konrad Beck, Hina Sadh, Lucy Sutton, Alessandra Cavaliere, Hannah Florance, Philip D Rye, David W Thomas, Katja E Hill
Pseudomonas aeruginosa plays a major role in many chronic infections. Its ability to readily form biofilms contributes to its success as an opportunistic pathogen and its resistance/tolerance to antimicrobial/antibiotic therapy. A low molecular weight alginate oligomer (OligoG CF-5/20), derived from marine algae, has previously been shown to impair motility in P. aeruginosa biofilms and disrupt pseudomonal biofilm assembly. As these bacterial phenotypes are regulated by quorum sensing (QS), we hypothesized that OligoG CF-5/20 may induce alterations in QS signalling in P...
February 20, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Supeng Yin, Bei Jiang, Guangtao Huang, Yulong Zhang, Bo You, Yu Chen, Yali Gong, Jing Chen, Zhiqiang Yuan, Yan Zhao, Ming Li, Fuquan Hu, Zichen Yang, Yizhi Peng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a novel and promising agent with activity against bacterial biofilms. Human serum also inhibits biofilm formation by some bacteria. We tested whether the combination of NAC and human serum offers greater anti-biofilm activity than either agent alone. METHODS: Microtiter plate assays and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to evaluate bacterial biofilm formation in the presence of NAC and human serum. qPCR was used to examine expression of selected biofilm-associated genes...
February 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Felix LewisOscar, Chari Nithya, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi, Naiyf S Alharbi, Nooruddin Thajuddin
Biofilm forming pathogenic bacteria showing resistance towards antimicrobial agents has increased the urge to find an alternative treatment strategy. Among the biofilm forming pathogenic bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a well-recognised Gram negative biofilm former causing nosocomial infection and other disease among immunocompromised patients. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the antipathogenic potentials of S. platensis against P. aeruginosa. S. platensis methanolic extract (SME) inhibited the biofilm (89%), extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) (44%), pyocyanin, pyoveridin and swarming motility of P...
January 31, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Fadi Soukarieh, Eduard Vico Oton, Jean-Frédéric Dubern, Janice Gomes, Nigel Halliday, Maria de Pilar Crespo, Jonathan Ramírez-Prada, Braulio Insuasty, Rodrigo Abonia, Jairo Quiroga, Stephan Heeb, Paul Williams, Michael J Stocks, Miguel Cámara
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major opportunistic pathogen in cystic fibrosis, wound and nosocomial infections, posing a serious burden to public health, due to its antibiotic resistance. The P. aeruginosa Pseudomonas Quinolone System (pqs) quorum sensing system, driven by the activation of the transcriptional regulator, PqsR (MvfR) by alkylquinolone (AQ) signal molecules, is a key player in the regulation of virulence and a potential target for the development of novel antibacterial agents. In this study, we performed in silico docking analysis, coupled with screening using a P...
January 28, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jin-Wei Zhou, Huai-Zhi Luo, Huan Jiang, Ting-Kun Jian, Zi-Qian Chen, Ai-Qun Jia
The quorum sensing (QS) inhibitory activity of hordenine from sprouting barley against foodborne pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa was evaluated for the first time here. At concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 mg mL-1, hordenine inhibited the levels of acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs). The enhanced susceptibility of hordenine with netilmicin on P. aeruginosa PAO1 biofilm formation as well as their efficiency in disrupting preformed biofilms was also evaluated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Tomoe Kitao, Francois Lepine, Seda Babloudi, Frederick Walte, Stefan Steinbacher, Klaus Maskos, Michael Blaesse, Michele Negri, Michael Pucci, Bob Zahler, Antonio Felici, Laurence G Rahme
New approaches to antimicrobial drug discovery are urgently needed to combat intractable infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Multiple virulence factor regulator (MvfR or PqsR), a Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing transcription factor, regulates functions important in both acute and persistent infections. Recently identified non-ligand-based benzamine-benzimidazole (BB) inhibitors of MvfR suppress both acute and persistent P. aeruginosa infections in mice without perturbing bacterial growth...
January 16, 2018: MBio
Shengrong Li, Siyu Chen, Jilin Fan, Zhen Cao, Weihao Ouyang, Ning Tong, Xin Hu, Jie Hu, Peishan Li, Zifeng Feng, Xi Huang, Yuying Li, Mingshan Xie, Ruikun He, Jingyi Jian, Biyuan Wu, Chen Xu, Weijian Wu, Jialiang Guo, Jing Lin, Pinghua Sun
IQS has been proven to be a new quorum sensing (QS) system against bacterial biofilm formation, which is activated in the common phosphate-limiting environment of infected tissues taking over the central las system. Up to now, numerous biofilm inhibitors which function by affecting traditional QS system have been reported. However, no compound has been reported to exert anti-biofilm activity through IQS system. Herein, various novel IQS derivatives were synthesized by the reaction of thiazole-4-carboxylic acid with different linear alcohols (R-OH) or amines (R-NH2)...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
P Sankar Ganesh, V Ravishankar Rai
Pseudomonas aeruginosa use small signaling molecules such as acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs), which play an important role in release virulence factors and toxin for further establishment of host infection. Thus, involving with the QS system would provide alternative ways of preventing the pathogenicity. In the present study, totally six medicinal plants (Terminalia bellerica, Celastrus paniculatus, Kingiodendron pinnatum, Schleichera oleosa, Melastoma malabathricum, Garcinia gummi-gutta) were screened for anti-QS activity using biomonitor strain of Chromobacterium violaceum CV12472...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Melika Gholamrezazadeh, Mohammad Reza Shakibaie, Fatemeh Monirzadeh, Shalaleh Masoumi, Zahra Hashemizadeh
BACKGROUND: Biofilm forming drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa are responsible for major death in burn center of different hospitals across the globe. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of nano-silver (Ag), nano-copper (Cu), and two hospital disinfectants (deconex and benzalkonium chloride) on biofilm formation and expression of transcription regulatory quorum sensing gene rh1R in P. aeruginosa burn isolates. METHODS: 28 multidrug-resistant P...
December 28, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Ramanathan Srinivasan, Loganathan Vigneshwari, Tamilselvam Rajavel, Ravindran Durgadevi, Arunachalam Kannappan, Krishnaswamy Balamurugan, Kasi Pandima Devi, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Urinary tract infections are the utmost common bacterial infections caused by Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Serratia marcescens. These uropathogens resist the action of several antibiotics due to their ability to form biofilms. Most of these bacterial pathogens use the quorum sensing (QS) machinery to co-ordinate their cells and regulate several virulence factors and biofilm formation. On the other hand, the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) and antibiofilm potential of silver nanoparticles have been well reported against certain bacterial pathogens, but to the best of our knowledge, no report is available against the pathogenicity of uropathogens in particular S...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Felix LewisOscar, Chari Nithya, Sulaiman Ali Alharbi, Naiyf S Alharbi, Nooruddin Thajuddin
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram negative, opportunistic biofilm forming pathogenic bacterium which is developing as a serious problem worldwide. The pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa mainly depends upon biofilm and quorum sensing (QS) mechanism. Targeting biofilm and QS regulated factor will automatically reduce the pathogenicity of P. aeruginosa. Therefore it is compulsory to identify naturally derived biofilm and QS inhibitors against P. aeruginosa. In the present study Oscillatoria subuliformis, a marine cyanobacterium was used against the biofilm and QS of P...
January 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Pengfei She, Yangxia Wang, Zhen Luo, Lihua Chen, Ruichen Tan, Yanle Wang, Yong Wu
Microbial biofilms are communities of surface-adhered cells enclosed in a matrix of extracellular polymeric substances. Bacterial cells in biofilm are 10~1,000-fold more resistant to antimicrobials than the planktonic cells. Burgeoning antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm has necessitated the development of antimicrobial agents. Here, we have investigated the antibiofilm effect of meloxicam against P. aeruginosaPAO1 and its potential mechanisms. Further, we have explored whether meloxicam could enhance the susceptibility of bacterial biofilms to treatment with conventional antimicrobials...
February 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Sreeparna Samanta, Braj Raj Singh, Alok Adholeya
In this research work different shapes and sizes of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were synthesized through an intracellular biogenic approach, exploiting the chloroauric acid reducing and Au0 stabilizing potential of Laccaria fraterna EM-1083 mycelia. The intracellularly synthesized AuNPs exhibits anti-quorum sensing inhibitory potential against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The synthesized AuNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy; transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
Hyunsuk Choi, So-Young Ham, Eunji Cha, Yujin Shin, Han-Shin Kim, Jeong Kyu Bang, Sang-Hyun Son, Hee-Deung Park, Youngjoo Byun
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a causative agent of chronic infections in immunocompromised patients. Disruption of quorum sensing circuits is an attractive strategy for treating diseases associated with P. aeruginosa infection. In this study, we designed and synthesized a series of gingerol analogs targeting LasR, a master regulator of quorum sensing networks in P. aeruginosa. Structure-activity relationship studies showed that a hydrogen-bonding interaction in the head section, stereochemistry and rotational rigidity in the middle section, and optimal alkyl chain length in the tail section are important factors for the enhancement of LasR-binding affinity and for the inhibition of biofilm formation...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"