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Quorum sensing inhibition, Pseudomonas aeruginosa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630204/a-low-molecular-weight-alginate-oligosaccharide-disrupts-pseudomonal-microcolony-formation-and-enhances-antibiotic-effectiveness
#1
Manon F Pritchard, Lydia C Powell, Alison A Jack, Kate Powell, Konrad Beck, Hannah Florance, Julian Forton, Philip D Rye, Arne Dessen, Katja E Hill, David W Thomas
In chronic respiratory disease the formation of dense, 3-dimensional 'micro colonies' by Pseudomonas aeruginosa within the airway plays an important role in contributing to resistance to treatment. An in vitro biofilm model of pseudomonal microcolony formation using artificial sputum (AS) medium was established to study the effects of low molecular weight alginate oligomers (OligoG CF-5/20) on pseudomonal growth, microcolony formation and the efficacy of colistin. The studies employed clinical cystic fibrosis (CF) isolates (n=3) and reference non-mucoid and mucoid multi-drug resistant (MDR) CF isolates (n=7)...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630071/albumin-inhibits-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-quorum-sensing-and-alters-polymicrobial-interactions
#2
Allie Clinton Smith, Anne Rice, Bryan Sutton, Rebecca Gabrilska, Aimee K Wessel, Marvin Whiteley, Kendra P Rumbaugh
Polymicrobial interactions are complex and can influence the course of an infection, as is the case when two or more species exhibit a synergism that produces a disease state not seen with any of the individual species alone. Cell-to-cell signaling is key to many of these interactions, but little is understood about how the host environment influences polymicrobial interactions or signaling between bacteria. Chronic wounds are typically polymicrobial, with Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa being the two most commonly isolated species...
June 19, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613253/terpenoids-from-platostoma-rotundifolium-briq-a-j-paton-alter-the-expression-of-quorum-sensing-related-virulence-factors-and-the-formation-of-biofilm-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pao1
#3
Tsiry Rasamiravaka, Jérémie Ngezahayo, Laurent Pottier, Sofia Oliveira Ribeiro, Florence Souard, Léonard Hari, Caroline Stévigny, Mondher El Jaziri, Pierre Duez
Platostoma rotundifolium (Briq.) A. J. Paton aerial parts are widely used in Burundi traditional medicine to treat infectious diseases. In order to investigate their probable antibacterial activities, crude extracts from P. rotundifolium were assessed for their bactericidal and anti-virulence properties against an opportunistic bacterial model, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Whereas none of the tested extracts exert bacteriostatic and/or bactericidal proprieties, the ethyl acetate and dichloromethane extracts exhibit anti-virulence properties against Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 characterized by an alteration in quorum sensing gene expression and biofilm formation without affecting bacterial viability...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599132/comparison-of-seven-structurally-related-coumarins-on-the-inhibition-of-quorum-sensing-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-chromobacterium-violaceum
#4
R E D'Almeida, R R D I Molina, C M Viola, M C Luciardi, C Nieto Peñalver, A Bardón, M E Arena
Quorum sensing (QS) is a cell-to-cell signaling communication system that controls the virulence behavior of a broad spectrum of bacterial pathogens, participating also in the development of biofilms, responsible of the antibiotic ineffectiveness in many infections. Therefore, QS system is an attractive target for antimicrobial therapy. In this study, we compare the effect of seven structurally related coumarins against bacterial growth, biofilm formation and elastase activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In addition, the anti-pathogenic capacity of the seven coumarins was evaluated on the wild type and the biosensor strain of Chromobacterium violaceum...
May 31, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596760/in-depth-profiling-of-mvfr-regulated-small-molecules-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-after-quorum-sensing-inhibitor-treatment
#5
Giuseppe Allegretta, Christine K Maurer, Jens Eberhard, Damien Maura, Rolf W Hartmann, Laurence Rahme, Martin Empting
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacterium, which causes opportunistic infections in immuno-compromised individuals. Due to its multiple resistances toward antibiotics, the development of new drugs is required. Interfering with Quorum Sensing (QS), a cell-to-cell communication system, has shown to be highly efficient in reducing P. aeruginosa pathogenicity. One of its QS systems employs Pseudomonas Quinolone Signal (PQS) and 4-hydroxy-2-heptylquinoline (HHQ) as signal molecules. Both activate the transcriptional regulator MvfR (Multiple Virulence Factor Regulator), also called PqsR, driving the production of QS molecules as well as toxins and biofilm formation...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591665/inhibition-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-quorum-sensing-by-subinhibitory-concentrations-of-curcumin-with-gentamicin-and-azithromycin
#6
Shahin Bahari, Habib Zeighami, Hesam Mirshahabi, Shekoufeh Roudashti, Fakhri Haghi
OBJECTIVES: Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing (QS) circuits regulate virulence factors and co-ordinate bacterial pathogenicity. This study aimed to investigate the inhibitory activity of subinhibitory concentrations of curcumin with azithromycin and gentamicin against P. aeruginosa QS-related genes and virulence factors. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and synergistic activity of curcumin with azithromycin and gentamicin against P. aeruginosa PAO1 were determined using broth microdilution and checkerboard titration methods, respectively...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552808/phytochemical-composition-anti-biofilm-and-anti-quorum-sensing-potential-of-fruit-stem-and-leaves-of-salvadora-persica-l-methanolic-extracts
#7
Emira Noumi, Mejdi Snoussi, Abderrahmen Merghni, Filomena Nazzaro, Guillermo Quindós, Gültekin Akdamar, Maha Mastouri, Abdulbasset Al-Sieni, Ozgur Ceylan
Emergence of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic bacteria encourages us to search for new molecules as an alternative treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiquorum sensing (anti-QS) and antibiofilm potential of Salvadora persica L. methanolic extracts to prevent the infections due to Staphylococcus as an alternate to antibiotics. The methanolic extracts of S. persica L. fruit, leaves and stems was assessed for their activity in inhibiting QS-depedent phenomenon such as violacein pigment production in Chromobacterium violaceum, swarming motility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and biofilm formation in oral Staphylococcus strains on polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA)...
May 26, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539728/anti-quorum-sensing-activity-of-forsythia-suspense-on-chromobacterium-violaceum-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#8
An Zhang, Wei-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: Quorum sensing (QS) plays an important role in the production of virulence factors and pathogenicity in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the interruption of QS will be a hopeful pathway to combat bacterial infection. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we selected Forsythia suspense (Thunb.) Vahl from traditional Chinese herbal medicines for its anti-QS activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anti-QS of F. suspense extracts (FSE) was monitored using the Chromobacterium violaceum 12472 bioassay...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527130/pulse-generation-in-the-quorum-machinery-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Cicik Alfiniyah, Martin A Bees, A Jamie Wood
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacterium that is responsible for a wide range of infections in humans. Colonies employ quorum sensing (QS) to coordinate gene expression, including for virulence factors, swarming motility and complex social traits. The QS signalling system of P. aeruginosa is known to involve multiple control components, notably the las, rhl and pqs systems. In this paper, we examine the las system and, in particular, the repressive interaction of rsaL, an embedded small regulative protein, employing recent biochemical information to aid model construction...
May 19, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515715/anti-biofilm-and-antivirulence-activities-of-metabolites-from-plectosphaerella-cucumerina-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#10
Jinwei Zhou, Shiyuan Bi, Hongjuan Chen, Tongtong Chen, Rui Yang, Minghui Li, Yonghong Fu, Ai-Qun Jia
This study reported the efficacy of the metabolites of Plectosphaerella cucumerina, one phyllosphere fungus from Orychophragmus violaceus, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing (QS) and QS-regulated biofilms. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract from P. cucumerina against P. aeruginosa PAO1 was 1.25 mg mL(-1). At sub-MIC concentrations, P. cucumerina extract (0.25-1 mg mL(-1)) not only inhibited biofilm formation but also disrupted preformed biofilms of P. aeruginosa PAO1 without affecting its growth...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513746/structure-functionality-relationship-and-pharmacological-profiles-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-alkylquinolone-quorum-sensing-modulators
#11
Ahmed A M Kamal, Lucia Petrera, Jens Eberhard, Rolf W Hartmann
An important paradigm in anti-infective research is the antivirulence concept. Pathoblockers are compounds which disarm bacteria of their arsenal of virulence factors. PqsR is a transcriptional regulator controlling the production of such factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, most prominently pyocyanin. In this work, a series of tool compounds based on the structure of the natural ligand 2-heptyl-4-quinolone (HHQ) were used for probing the structure-functionality relationship. Four different profiles are identified namely agonists, antagonists, inverse agonists and biphasic modulators...
May 31, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510695/effects-of-an-autoinducer-analogue-on-antibiotic-tolerance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#12
Takashi Amoh, Keiji Murakami, Reiko Kariyama, Kenji Hori, Darija Viducic, Katsuhiko Hirota, Jun Igarashi, Hiroaki Suga, Matthew R Parsek, Hiromi Kumon, Yoichiro Miyake
Objectives: Antibiotic tolerance causes chronic, refractory and persistent infections. In order to advance the development of a new type of drug for the treatment of infectious diseases, we herein investigated the effects of a newly synthesized analogue of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing autoinducer named AIA-1 ( a uto i nducer a nalogue) on antibiotic tolerance in P. aeruginosa . Methods: A P. aeruginosa luminescent strain derived from PAO1 was injected into neutropenic ICR mice and bioluminescence images were acquired for a period of time after treatments with antibiotics and AIA-1...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484444/leaf-extracts-of-mangifera-indica-l-inhibit-quorum-sensing-regulated-production-of-virulence-factors-and-biofilm-in-test-bacteria
#13
Fohad M Husain, Iqbal Ahmad, Abdullah S Al-Thubiani, Hussein H Abulreesh, Ibrahim M AlHazza, Farrukh Aqil
Quorum sensing (QS) is a global gene regulatory mechanism in bacteria for various traits including virulence factors. Disabling QS system with anti-infective agent is considered as a potential strategy to prevent bacterial infection. Mangifera indica L. (mango) has been shown to possess various biological activities including anti-QS. This study investigates the efficacy of leaf extracts on QS-regulated virulence factors and biofilm formation in Gram negative pathogens. Mango leaf (ML) extract was tested for QS inhibition and QS-regulated virulence factors using various indicator strains...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479904/glyceryl-trinitrate-is-a-novel-inhibitor-of-quorum-sensing-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#14
Hisham A Abbas, Moutaz A Shaldam
BACKGROUND: Targeting quorum sensing is an alternative approach to antibiotics.Targeting quorum sensing-regulated virulence will disarm the pathogen without exerting pressure on its growth. As a result, emergence of resistance is avoided and the immune system can easily eradicate bacteria. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of the possible inhibition of quorum sensing-regulated virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by glyceryltrinitrate. METHODS: The quorum sensing inhibiting activity of glyceryl trinitrate was assessed by inhibition of violacein production in Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453568/baicalin-inhibits-biofilm-formation-attenuates-the-quorum-sensing-controlled-virulence-and-enhances-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-clearance-in-a-mouse-peritoneal-implant-infection-model
#15
Jing Luo, Biying Dong, Ke Wang, Shuangqi Cai, Tangjuan Liu, Xiaojing Cheng, Danqing Lei, Yanling Chen, Yanan Li, Jinliang Kong, Yiqiang Chen
The quorum sensing (QS) circuit plays a role in the precise regulation of genes controlling virulence factors and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. QS-controlled biofilm formation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in clinical settings has remained controversial due to emerging drug resistance; therefore, screening diverse compounds for anti-biofilm or anti-QS activities is important. This study demonstrates the ability of sub-minimum inhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) of baicalin, an active natural compound extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal Scutellaria baicalensis, to inhibit the formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms and enhance the bactericidal effects of various conventional antibiotics in vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442545/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-agonists-attenuate-biofilm-formation-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#16
Brahmchetna Bedi, Nicholas M Maurice, Vincent T Ciavatta, K Sabrina Lynn, Zhihong Yuan, Samuel A Molina, Myungsoo Joo, William R Tyor, Joanna B Goldberg, Michael Koval, C Michael Hart, Ruxana T Sadikot
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a significant contributor to recalcitrant multidrug-resistant infections, especially in immunocompromised and hospitalized patients. The pathogenic profile of P. aeruginosa is related to its ability to secrete a variety of virulence factors and to promote biofilm formation. Quorum sensing (QS) is a mechanism wherein P. aeruginosa secretes small diffusible molecules, specifically acyl homo serine lactones, such as N-(3-oxo-dodecanoyl)-l-homoserine lactone (3O-C12-HSL), that promote biofilm formation and virulence via interbacterial communication...
April 25, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421612/prospective-bacterial-quorum-sensing-inhibitors-from-indian-medicinal-plant-extracts
#17
Bipransh Kumar Tiwary, Runu Ghosh, Saurav Moktan, Vivek Kumar Ranjan, Priyankar Dey, Dibakar Choudhury, Somit Dutta, Dipanwita Deb, Abhaya Prasad Das, Ranadhir Chakraborty
As virulence of many pathogenic bacteria is regulated by the phenomenon of quorum sensing (QS), the present study aimed to find the QS-inhibiting (QS-I) property (if any) in sixty-one Indian medicinal plants. The presence of QS-I compound in the leaf-extract was evaluated by its ability to inhibit production of pigment in Chromobacterium violaceum MTCC 2656 (violacein) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 2297 (pyocyanin) or swarming of P. aeruginosa MTCC 2297. Extracts of three plants, Astilbe rivularis, Fragaria nubicola and Osbeckia nepalensis have shown a dose- dependent inhibition of violacein production with no negative effect on bacterial growth...
April 19, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418096/expression-of-toll-like-receptors-in-t-lymphocytes-stimulated-with-n-3-oxododecanoyl-l-homoserine-lactone-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Lei Bao, Jialin Yu, Haiying Zhong, Daochao Huang, Qi Lu
The establishment of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections is correlated with the disturbance of the host immune system. The P. aeruginosa quorum-sensing molecule N-3-(oxododecanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3-O-C12-HSL) has the potential to modulate the host immune system. The immune system recognizes pathogens via toll-like receptors (TLRs). We found that 3-O-C12-HSL induced TLR changes in monocytes. However, the role of T cells in P. aeruginosa infection has not been delineated. In order to understand this activity, we examined whether 3-O-C12-HSL has an effect on the immune function and the expression of TLRs in T lymphocytes...
April 18, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405399/strain-identification-and-quorum-sensing-inhibition-characterization-of-marine-derived-rhizobium-sp-nao1
#19
Hong Chang, Jin Zhou, Xiaoshan Zhu, Shenchen Yu, Lu Chen, Hui Jin, Zhonghua Cai
A novel strategy for combating pathogens is through the ongoing development and use of anti-quorum sensing (QS) treatments such as therapeutic bacteria or their anti-QS substances. Relatively little is known about the bacteria that inhabit the open ocean and of their potential anti-pathogenic attributes; thus, in an initiative to identify these types of therapeutic bacteria, planktonic microbes from the North Atlantic Ocean were collected, isolated, cultured and screened for anti-QS activity. Screening analysis identified one such strain, Rhizobium sp...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396663/bacterial-secretant-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-dampens-inflammasome-activation-in-a-quorum-sensing-dependent-manner
#20
Jungmin Yang, Kang-Mu Lee, Sangjun Park, Yoeseph Cho, Eunju Lee, Jong-Hwan Park, Ok Sarah Shin, Junghyun Son, Sang Sun Yoon, Je-Wook Yu
Inflammasome signaling can contribute to host innate immune defense against bacterial pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. However, bacterial evasion of host inflammasome activation is still poorly elucidated. Quorum sensing (QS) is a bacterial communication mechanism that promotes coordinated adaptation by triggering expression of a wide range of genes. QS is thought to strongly contribute to the virulence of P. aeruginosa, but the molecular impact of bacterial QS on host inflammasome defense is completely unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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