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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560721/the-precarious-health-of-young-mexican-american-men-in-south-texas-cameron-county-hispanic-cohort-2004-2015
#1
Gordon P Watt, Kristina P Vatcheva, Derek M Griffith, Belinda M Reininger, Laura Beretta, Michael B Fallon, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch
INTRODUCTION: Hispanic men have higher rates of illness and death from various chronic conditions than do non-Hispanic men. We aimed to characterize the health of Mexican American men living on the US-Mexico border in South Texas and elucidate indications of chronic disease in young men. METHODS: We sampled all male participants from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort, an ongoing population-based cohort of Mexican Americans in Brownsville, Texas. We calculated descriptive statistics and stratified the sample into 3 age groups to estimate the prevalence of sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical factors by age group and evaluated differences between age groups...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381753/factors-explaining-variation-in-alcohol-use-disorder-prevalence-across-border-and-nonborder-communities-in-texas
#2
Sarah E Zemore, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, Guilherme Borges, Libo Li, Lynn S Wallisch
BACKGROUND: U.S. border populations have been found to be at high risk for alcohol problems. However, results from the U.S.-Mexico Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions (UMSARC) revealed surprisingly large variation in alcohol outcomes even among Texas border sites, with alcohol use disorder (AUD) prevalence ~1.5 to 1.6 times greater in the border city of Laredo compared to both San Antonio and the border site of McAllen/Brownsville. Because a better understanding of this variation is important to identifying environmental influences on AUD, we developed and tested a conceptual model addressing variation in AUD prevalence across Texas UMSARC sites...
August 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26120245/anxiety-depression-and-smoking-status-among-adults-of-mexican-heritage-on-the-texas-mexico-border
#3
Anna V Wilkinson, Kristina P Vatcheva, Adriana Pérez, Belinda M Reininger, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch
The goal of the current analysis is to examine relationships between smoking status and anxiety and depression among adults of Mexican heritage to inform the development of culturally relevant smoking cessations efforts. Mexican heritage residents (N=1,791) of the city of Brownsville, TX, aged 18 years or older, enrolled in the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort, were selected through two stage cluster sampling of randomly selected census tracts from the first and third quartile of SES using Census 2000. Among current smokers, anxiety and depression scores were highest among women who had not completed high school (p<0...
August 2014: Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26103423/the-effect-of-cross-border-mobility-on-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-mexican-american-residents-living-at-the-u-s-mexico-border
#4
Cheryl J Cherpitel, Yu Ye, Sarah E Zemore, Jason Bond, Guilherme Borges
INTRODUCTION: Little epidemiological evidence exists on alcohol or other substance use and related problems along the U.S.-Mexico border, although the border has been the focus of recent media attention related to the escalating drug/violence "epidemic". The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of variables related to crossing the border (cross-border mobility) with three substance use outcomes reported for the last year: 1) heavy drinking (5+ drinks per day for men or 4+ for women), 2) alcohol use disorder (AUD), and 3) co-occurring heavy drinking and drug use (any use of illicit and/or non-medically prescribed drugs)...
November 2015: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25416832/we-have-your-daughter
#5
Kara Nuzback
Virtual kidnappers attempt to extort money from their victims by saying they've kidnapped a member of the victim's family. While no actual kidnapping occurred, the callers use coconspirators, who sometimes scream for help in the background, to convince their victims of the legitimacy of the threat. During June and July of this year, the FBI received multiple reports indicating physicians in McAllen, Laredo, Brownsville, and Del Rio were contacted in attempts to collect extortion payments in "virtual kidnapping" schemes...
November 2014: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25268511/concurrent-fetal-exposure-to-multiple-environmental-chemicals-along-the-u-s-mexico-border-an-exploratory-study-in-brownsville-texas
#6
Ken Sexton, Jennifer J Salinas
There is mounting concern that cumulative exposure to diverse chemicals in the environment may contribute to observed adverse health outcomes in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. To investigate this situation, biomarker concentrations of organochlorine (OC) pesticides/metabolites, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in maternal and umbilical cord blood from pregnant Hispanic women in Brownsville, TX. Results show that both mothers and fetuses were exposed concurrently to a variety of relatively low-level, hazardous environmental chemicals...
September 29, 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25233231/geomorphic-and-ecological-disturbance-and-recovery-from-two-small-dams-and-their-removal
#7
Desirée D Tullos, Debra S Finn, Cara Walter
Dams are known to impact river channels and ecosystems, both during their lifetime and in their decommissioning. In this study, we applied a before-after-control-impact design associated with two small dam removals to investigate abiotic and biotic recovery trajectories from both the elimination of the press disturbance associated with the presence of dams and the introduction of a pulse disturbance associated with removal of dams. The two case studies represent different geomorphic and ecological conditions that we expected to represent low and high sensitivities to the pulse disturbance of dam removal: the 4 m tall, gravel-filled Brownsville Dam on the wadeable Calapooia River and the 12...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25102598/biological-control-of-mosquitoes-in-scrap-tires-in-brownsville-texas-usa-and-matamoros-tamaulipas-mexico
#8
Christopher K Uejio, Mary H Hayden, Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez, Jose Luis Robles Lopez, Roberto Barrera, Manuel Amador, Gregory Thompson, Stephen H Waterman
Dengue periodically circulates in southern Texas and neighboring Tamaulipas, Mexico; thus, a closer examination of human and vector ecology at the northern limits of North American transmission may improve prevention activities. Scrap tires produce large mosquito populations and increase the risk of dengue transmission. Some households choose not to pay tire disposal fees, and many tires are illegally dumped in residential areas. Biological control may provide low-cost and environmentally friendly mosquito control...
June 2014: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24721218/cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-the-mexican-american-population-in-the-texas-mexico-border-region-by-age-and-length-of-residence-in-united-states
#9
Jennifer J Salinas, Bassent Abdelbary, Anne Rentfro, Susan Fisher-Hoch, Joseph McCormick
INTRODUCTION: Although the relationship between health behaviors and outcomes such as smoking and obesity with longer residence in the United States among Mexican American immigrants is established, the relationship between length of residency in the United States and risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between immigrant status, length of residence in the United States, age, and CVD markers in a sample of Mexican American adults living in Brownsville, Texas...
2014: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24548487/the-association-of-depression-and-anxiety-with-glycemic-control-among-mexican-americans-with-diabetes-living-near-the-u-s-mexico-border
#10
Darla E Kendzor, Minxing Chen, Belinda M Reininger, Michael S Businelle, Diana W Stewart, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Anne R Rentfro, David W Wetter, Joseph B McCormick
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is alarmingly high among Mexican American adults residing near the U.S.-Mexico border. Depression is also common among Mexican Americans with diabetes, and may have a negative influence on diabetes management. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to evaluate the associations of depression and anxiety with the behavioral management of diabetes and glycemic control among Mexican American adults living near the border. METHODS: The characteristics of Mexican Americans with diabetes living in Brownsville, TX (N = 492) were compared by depression/anxiety status...
2014: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24283394/biomarker-measurements-of-prenatal-exposure-to-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcb-in-umbilical-cord-blood-from-postpartum-hispanic-women-in-brownsville-texas
#11
Ken Sexton, Jennifer J Salinas, Thomas J McDonald, Rose M Z Gowen, Rebecca P Miller, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch
Biomarkers of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) were measured in both maternal and umbilical cord blood from 35 pregnant Hispanic women living in Brownsville, TX. Gas chromatography with an electron capture detector (GC/ECD) was used to analyze for 22 PCB analytes. Results indicated that both pregnant mothers and their fetuses were exposed to a variety of PCB at relatively low levels (≤0.2 ng/ml), and that concentrations in maternal and cord blood were similar. Concentrations of total PCB (sum or all PCB congeners) averaged more than 2...
2013: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24242155/meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-is-associated-with-lower-allostatic-load-and-inflammation-in-mexican-americans
#12
Jennifer L Gay, Jennifer J Salinas, David M Buchner, Shaper Mirza, Harold W Kohl, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Joseph B McCormick
Examine the relationship between physical activity (PA) and allostatic load in Mexican-Americans as well as variations by gender. Self-reported PA as well as cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory markers were assessed in 330 Mexican-American adults in the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (Brownsville, TX, USA). Dependent variables included total allostatic load, blood pressure, metabolic, and inflammatory scores. PA participation was categorized as sedentary, low, moderate, high, and by whether activity was sufficient to meet public health guidelines...
April 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23748420/wsr-88d-doppler-radar-detection-of-corn-earworm-moth-migration
#13
J K Westbrook, R S Eyster, W W Wolf
Corn earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) (CEW) populations infesting one crop production area may rapidly migrate and infest distant crop production areas. Although entomological radars have detected corn earworm moth migrations, the spatial extent of the radar coverage has been limited to a small horizontal view above crop production areas. The Weather Service Radar (version 88D) (WSR-88D) continuously monitors the radar-transmitted energy reflected by, and radial speed of, biota as well as by precipitation over areas that may encompass crop production areas...
July 2014: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23666121/dredging-and-contaminant-exposure-to-tree-swallows-nesting-on-the-upper-mississippi-river
#14
Thomas W Custer, Paul M Dummer, Christine M Custer, David Warburton
In 2008 and 2009, dredge material from the Mississippi River in Pool 8 south of Brownsville, Minnesota was used to construct nearby islands. Chemical analysis of sediment in 2001 and 2002 in the area to be dredged indicated detectable concentrations of organic and inorganic contaminants. Tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), whose diet is mainly aquatic invertebrates, were used to evaluate contaminant exposure in both the dredged and newly created habitat. Organic and inorganic contaminant data were collected from tree swallows in 2007 through 2010 at one study site near the dredging operation, a reference study site upriver from the dredging activity, one study site down river from the dredging activity, and one study site on a newly created island (2009 and 2010 only)...
November 2013: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23646090/health-information-technology-knowledge-and-skills-needed-by-hit-employers
#15
S H Fenton, M J Gongora-Ferraez, E Joost
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the health information technology (HIT) workforce knowledge and skills needed by HIT employers. METHODS: Statewide face-to-face and online focus groups of identified HIT employer groups in Austin, Brownsville, College Station, Dallas, El Paso, Houston, Lubbock, San Antonio, and webinars for rural health and nursing informatics. RESULTS: HIT employers reported needing an HIT workforce with diverse knowledge and skills ranging from basic to advanced, while covering information technology, privacy and security, clinical practice, needs assessment, contract negotiation, and many other areas...
2012: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23515880/electrocardiographic-abnormalities-among-mexican-americans-correlations-with-diabetes-obesity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Saulette R Queen, Beverly Smulevitz, Anne R Rentfro, Kristina P Vatcheva, Hyunggun Kim, David D McPherson, Craig L Hanis, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Joseph B McCormick, Susan T Laing
BACKGROUND: Resting ischemic electrocardiographic abnormalities have been associated with cardiovascular mortality. Simple markers of abnormal autonomic tone have also been associated with diabetes, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome in some populations. Data on these electrocardiographic abnormalities and correlations with coronary risk factors are lacking among Mexican Americans wherein these conditions are prevalent. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalent resting electrocardiographic abnormalities among community-dwelling Mexican Americans, and correlate these findings with coronary risk factors, particularly diabetes, obesity, and the metabolic syndrome...
April 2012: World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23343981/biomarkers-of-maternal-and-fetal-exposure-to-organochlorine-pesticides-measured-in-pregnant-hispanic-women-from-brownsville-texas
#17
Ken Sexton, Jennifer J Salinas, Thomas J McDonald, Rose M Z Gowen, Rebecca P Miller, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch
Biomarkers of organochlorine pesticides were measured in both venous and umbilical cord blood from 35 pregnant Hispanic women living in Brownsville, Texas, USA. Gas chromatography with an electron capture detector was used to analyze specimens for 30 individual pesticides or their metabolites. Results indicate that blood concentrations were relatively low for most individual compounds, but that high-end (upper 10th percentile) values for total DDT were comparatively high. Although health effects associated with measured blood concentrations are uncertain, there is concern that fetal exposure to low levels of these OC compounds, either individually or in combination, might contribute to subsequent health problems, including neurodevelopmental effects, cancer, endocrine disruption, obesity and diabetes...
January 2013: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22945287/neural-tube-defects-on-the-texas-mexico-border-what-we-ve-learned-in-the-20-years-since-the-brownsville-cluster
#18
REVIEW
Lucina Suarez, Marilyn Felkner, Jean D Brender, Mark Canfield, Huiping Zhu, Katherine A Hendricks
We reviewed the published findings from the Texas Neural Tube Defect Project, a 6-year case-control study (1995-2000) of neural tube defects (NTDs) on the Texas-Mexico border. In this review, we highlight what was learned about environmental, genetic, and nutritional factors (i.e., those related to the folate and other metabolic pathways) and the novel putative risk factors that emerged from this study of Mexican American women living on the Texas-Mexico border. Our investigations of the micronutrients and metabolic pathways involved confirmed the findings of other researchers that increased folate intake has a protective effect and that low serum B(12) , high serum homocysteine levels, and obesity independently contribute to risk...
November 2012: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22486667/parameters-affecting-hs-emissions-removal-and-re-circulating-water-quality-in-a-pilot-scale-sequential-biological-treatment-system-at-a-wastewater-lift-station-in-brownsville-texas-usa
#19
Anand K Karre, Pavan Bairu, Kim D Jones, Jan Paca
In this study, a pilot-scale sequential biological treatment system combining a biotrickling filter and biofilter was used to optimize the removal of variable emission H(2)S loadings ranging from 30 to 120 g m(-3) h(-1)at a wastewater lift station in Brownsville, Texas USA. The biotrickling filter recycle water pH remained between 2.0 to 3.0 during the four months of unit operation and the overall removal efficiency for H(2)S was >99%. The biotrickling filter removal efficiency was 70 ± 8%, with an elimination capacity of 10 to 80 g m(-3) h(-1) while the biofilter elimination capacity ranged from 10 to 40 g m(-3) h(-1)...
2012: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22486664/microbial-monitoring-and-performance-evaluation-for-h2s-biological-air-emissions-control-at-a-wastewater-lift-station-in-south-texas-usa
#20
Kim D Jones, Naga Yadavalli, Anand K Karre, Jan Paca
A pilot-scale biological sequential treatment system consisting of a biotrickling filter and two biofilters was installed at Waste Water Lift Station # 64 in Brownsville, Texas, USA to evaluate the performance of the system being loaded with variable concentrations of wastewater hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) emissions. In this study, the effectiveness of sulfur oxidizing bacteria along with the distribution of various sulfur species and their correlation with the performance of the biofilters was evaluated. The biofilters were packed with engineered media consisting of plastic cylinders with compacted organic material which was supplied by Met-Pro Environmental Air Solutions (formerly Bio·Reaction Industries)...
2012: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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