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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655553/transitional-care-post-tavi-a-pilot-initiative-focused-on-bridging-gaps-and-improving-outcomes
#1
Sandra Wong, Lorraine Montoya, Bonnie Quinlan
Interventions focused on ensuring safe transitions for patients from hospital to home can assist in providing continuity of care, preventing readmissions, and reducing duplication of services. Patients undergoing a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) procedure are often frail, elderly, and have multiple co-morbidities. A pilot initiative evaluating transitional care strategies through telephone follow up was implemented in a tertiary centre with the aim to identify gaps and intervene, preventing re-admission and improving patient outcomes...
April 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653173/superabsorbent-hydrogel-based-on-sulfonated-starch-for-improving-water-and-saline-absorbency
#2
Gamal Zain, Ahmed A Nada, Manal A El-Sheikh, Fawzy A Attaby, Ahmed I Waly
The agriculture sectors in many developing countries have been suffering from water shortage and decreasing crop yields. Thus, an increasing interest has been emerged to develop much-needed solutions for a more sustainable management of water resources. Agricultural hydrogel that absorbs many times of its weight in water has been used to distribute into dry regions in order to improve the soil's ability to absorb and retain water. Here, amphoteric superabsorbent hydrogel is prepared by indirect method based on anionic starch bearing sulfonate groups...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652320/-bronchial-fistula-management-is-the-exit-found
#3
I Ya Motus, A V Bazhenov, A S Tsvirenko, R T Basyrov, P M Kholny, L V Kardapoltsev, P P Pechnikov
AIM: To present treatment of bronchial fistulas by using of occluders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the period from March 2015 to October 2016 Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) occluders have been used for bronchial fistulas occlusion (Lepu Medical Technology Co., Ltd.; Lifetech Scientific Co., Ltd.). These are devices designed to close ventricular and atrial septal defects. The procedure was performed in 8 patients with main bronchus fistula occurred after pulmonectomy for tuberculosis in 5 patients and lung cancer in 3 patients...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651639/abatacept-for-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-special-focus-on-the-elderly
#4
Martin Soubrier, Clement Lahaye, Zuzana Tatar
Targeted therapies have been developed for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for whom prior treatment with traditional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs has failed. The numerous different signaling pathways now targeted by various classes of monoclonal antibodies and small molecule inhibitors may complicate treatment decisions. Abatacept selectively modulates a co-stimulatory signal necessary for T-cell activation. Thus, abatacept is effective in biologic-naive patients and in those for whom biologic therapy has failed...
April 12, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650545/regulation-of-blood-pressure-by-targeting-ca-v-1-2-galectin-1-protein-interaction
#5
Zhenyu Hu, Guang Li, Jiong-Wei Wang, Suet Yen Chong, Dejie Yu, Xiaoyuan Wang, Jia Lin Soon, Mui Cheng Liang, Yuk Peng Wong, Na Huang, Henry M Colecraft, Ping Liao, Tuck Wah Soong
Background -L-type CaV 1.2 channels play crucial roles in regulation of blood pressure. Galectin-1 (Gal-1), has been reported to bind to the I-II loop of CaV 1.2 channels to reduce their current density. However, the mechanistic understanding for the down-regulation of CaV 1.2 channels by Gal-1, and whether Gal-1 plays a direct role in blood pressure regulation remain unclear. Methods - In vitro experiments involving co-IP, western blot, patch-clamp recordings, immunohistochemistry and pressure myography were used to evaluate the molecular mechanisms by which Gal-1 down-regulates CaV 1...
April 12, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649778/in-silico-design-of-small-peptides-antagonist-against-leptin-receptor-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-its-associated-immune-mediated-diseases
#6
Manne Munikumar, Vagolu Siva Krishna, Varikasuvu Seshadri Reddy, Bolla Rajeswari, Dharmarajan Sriram, Mendu Vishnuvardhana Rao
Excess adiposity in obese inhibits negatively impacts immune function and host defence. Obesity is characterized by a state of low-grade, chronic inflammation in addition to disturbed levels of circulating nutrients and metabolic hormones. The impact of metabolic abnormalities on obesity-related co-morbidities has undergone intense scrutiny over the past decades. Thus, treatment of obesity and its associated immune-mediated diseases is challenging due to impaired function of leptin system. These disorders are managed through antibiotics and by cytokines replacement...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649635/co-delivery-of-docetaxel-and-gemcitabine-by-anacardic-acid-modified-self-assembled-albumin-nanoparticles-for-effective-breast-cancer-management
#7
Varun Kushwah, Sameer S Katiyar, Chander Parkash Dora, Ashish Kumar Agrawal, Dimitrios A Lamprou, Ramesh C Gupta, Sanyog Jain
In the present study, we have modified bovine serum albumin (BSA) by covalently conjugating with anacardic acid (AA) and gemcitabine (GEM) and further used for development of docetaxel (DTX) loaded nanoparticles (AA-GEM-BSA NPs). AA is supposed to provide tumor targeting through VEGF receptors overexpressed in tumors, while the combination of GEM and DTX is supposed to provide synergistic activity by targeting multiple pathways. The conjugate was synthesized via carbodiimide chemistry and characterized by 1 H NMR, FTIR, MALDI-TOF and elemental analysis...
April 9, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649631/simultaneous-risk-factor-control-using-telehealth-to-slow-progression-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-stop-dkd-study-protocol-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Clarissa J Diamantidis, Hayden B Bosworth, Megan M Oakes, Clemontina A Davenport, Jane F Pendergast, Sejal Patel, Jivan Moaddeb, Huiman X Barnhart, Peter D Merrill, Khaula Baloch, Matthew J Crowley, Uptal D Patel
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the United States. Multiple risk factors contribute to DKD development, yet few interventions target more than a single DKD risk factor at a time. This manuscript describes the study protocol, recruitment, and baseline participant characteristics for the Simultaneous Risk Factor Control Using Telehealth to slOw Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease (STOP-DKD) study. The STOP-DKD study is a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial behavioral and medication management intervention to mitigate kidney function decline at 3 years compared to usual care...
April 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648642/a-novel-forehead-temperature-regulating-device-for-insomnia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Thomas Roth, David Mayleben, Neil Feldman, Alan Lankford, Timothy Grant, Eric Nofzinger
Study Objectives: Insomnia is one of the most common disorders in the general population. Hypnotic medications are efficacious, but their use is limited by adverse events (AEs). This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a novel forehead temperature-regulating device that delivers frontal cerebral thermal therapy (maintained at 14-16°C, equivalent to 57-61°F) for the treatment of insomnia. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized controlled trial involving two nights of therapy in 106 adults diagnosed with insomnia...
April 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644232/individualizing-immunosuppression-in-lung-transplantation
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer K McDermott, Reda E Girgis
Immunosuppression management after lung transplantation continues to evolve, with an increasing number of agents available for use in various combinations allowing for more choice and individualization of immunosuppressive therapy. Therapeutic developments have led to improved outcomes including lower acute rejection rates and improved survival. However, a one size fits all approach for any immunosuppressive strategy may not be best suited to the individual patient and ultimately patient specific factors must be considered when designing the immunosuppressive regimen...
March 14, 2018: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643545/-necessity-and-feasibility-of-data-sharing-of-cohort-studies
#11
Y Yang, H Y Zhao, S Y Zhan
Cohort study is one of the important epidemiological methods which plays an irreplaceable status and role in etiological study. Using cohort study design, we can accurately and continuously collect genetic and environmental information, and identify and validate omics biomarkers to provide evidences for precision public health and medicine. However, results from a new cohort would not be available for at least ten years, as five years would be needed for funding, planning and enrolment, and another five for following up even the earliest analyses of the most common diseases; results for most cancers would take longer, with an unaffordable budget for many research investigators or institutions...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642460/turning-the-co-production-corner-methodological-reflections-from-an-action-research-project-to-promote-lgbt-inclusion-in-care-homes-for-older-people
#12
Paul Willis, Kathryn Almack, Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Paul Simpson, Barbara Billings, Naresh Mall
Background : Older lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) residents are often invisible in long-term care settings. This article presents findings from a community-based action research project, which attempted to address this invisibility through co-produced research with LGBT community members. Particular Question: What conditions enable co-produced research to emerge in long-term residential care settings for older people? Aims of Project: To analyse outcomes and challenges of action-oriented, co-produced research in the given context...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630082/pulmonary-hydatid-disease-with-aspergillosis-an-unusual-association-in-an-immunocompetent-host
#13
Rahul Chanderhas Goyal, Ruchita Tyagi, Bhavna Garg, Atul Mishra, Neena Sood
Echinococcosis is a common cause of pulmonary cavities. Aspergillus fumigatus, a saprophytic fungus, can colonise pulmonary cavities caused by tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, echinococcosis, bronchiectasis and neoplasms. Infection by Aspergillus is often seen in immunosuppressed cases. However, co-infection of Aspergillus with pulmonary echinococcosis is unexpected and very unusual, especially in an immunocompetent patient. We present the case of a 45-year-old immunocompetent male who came with non-resolving pneumonia and fever for 8 months and dyspnoea since 15 days accompanied by recurrent episodes of hemoptysis since 5 days...
April 9, 2018: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629687/the-usefulness-of-routine-histological-examination-of-appendicectomy-specimens-in-a-south-african-tertiary-centre
#14
O O Jolayemi, N B Moodley, V Y Kong, B Tlou, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: It is accepted surgical practice to send all appendicectomy specimens for histological examination, but the usefulness and cost associated with this practice have not been established in our setting, a tertiary hospital in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa (SA). OBJECTIVES: To determine the histological diagnoses of appendicectomy specimens in our centre, and the cost of identifying an alternative histological diagnosis requiring further treatment...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628810/rehabilitation-of-tibial-plateau-fracture-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#15
Ali Rabatsky, John D Lockenour
Objective: The purpose of this case report was to describe the management of a tibial plateau fracture in a patient who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 3.5 years earlier. Clinical Features: A 36-year-old man presented with pain and edema following a fall from a height of approximately 2 m while skateboarding. The patient reported having undergone arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with allograft and bioabsorbable screws 3.5 years earlier...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628282/pharmacist-nurse-collaborations-in-medication-adherence-enhancing-interventions-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Celio, Françoise Ninane, Olivier Bugnon, Marie Paule Schneider
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare providers play an important role in addressing medication adherence. Pharmacists and nurses are qualified in this field even though they have different expertise. They both claim their role at the patient's side in collaboration with physicians. To avoid care duplication, such interprofessional collaborations must be carefully defined. The objectives of our review were to: 1) identify medication adherence-enhancing interventions involving pharmacists and nurses; 2) describe their respective roles...
February 9, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626695/multi-functional-electrospun-antibacterial-core-shell-nanofibrous-membranes-for-prolonged-prevention-of-post-surgical-tendon-adhesion-and-inflammation
#17
K T Shalumon, Chialin Sheu, Chih-Hao Chen, Shih-Heng Chen, Gils Jose, Chang-Yi Kuo, Jyh-Ping Chen
The possibility of endowing an electrospun anti-adhesive barrier membrane with multi-functionality, such as lubrication, prevention of fibroblast attachment and anti-infection and anti-inflammation properties, is highly desirable for the management of post-surgical tendon adhesion. To this end, we fabricated core-shell nanofibrous membranes (CSNMs) with embedded silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) in the poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/poly(caprolactone) (PCL) shell and hyaluronic acid (HA)/ibuprofen in the core. HA imparted a lubrication effect for smooth tendon gliding and reduced fibroblast attachment, while Ag NPs and ibuprofen functioned as anti-infection and anti-inflammation agents, respectively...
April 4, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626403/providers-and-patients-caught-between-standardization-and-individualization-individualized-standardization-as-a-solution-comment-on-re-making-the-procrustean-bed-standardization-and-customization-as-competing-logics-in-healthcare
#18
Lena Ansmann, Holger Pfaff
In their 2017 article, Mannion and Exworthy provide a thoughtful and theory-based analysis of two parallel trends in modern healthcare systems and their competing and conflicting logics: standardization and customization. This commentary further discusses the challenge of treatment decision-making in times of evidence-based medicine (EBM), shared decision-making and personalized medicine. From the perspective of systems theory, we propose the concept of individualized standardization as a solution to the problem...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624799/a-checklist-for-managed-access-programmes-for-reimbursement-co-designed-by-canadian-patients-and-caregivers
#19
Andrea Young, Devidas Menon, Jackie Street, Walla Al-Hertani, Tania Stafinski
INTRODUCTION: Reimbursement decisions on orphan drugs carry significant uncertainty, and as the amount increases, so does the risk of making a wrong decision, where harms outweigh benefits. Consequently, patients often face limited access to orphan drugs. Managed access programmes (MAPs) are a mechanism for managing risk while enabling access to potentially beneficial drugs. Patients and their caregivers have expressed support for these programmes and see patient input as critical to successful implementation...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624209/withdrawn-grommets-ventilation-tubes-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Loretta Lau, Paul Mick, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 4, 2008 and previously updated in 2011.Acute suppurative otitis media is one of the most common infectious diseases in childhood. Recurrent acute otitis media is defined for the purposes of this review as either three or more acute infections of the middle ear cleft in a six-month period, or at least four episodes in a year. Strategies for managing the condition include the assessment and modification of risk factors where possible, repeated courses of antibiotics for each new infection, antibiotic prophylaxis and the insertion of ventilation tubes (grommets)...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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