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Lipid raft

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652833/a-lipophilic-ir-780-dye-encapsulated-zwitterionic-polymer-lipid-micellar-nanoparticle-for-enhanced-photothermal-therapy-and-nir-based-fluorescence-imaging-in-a-cervical-tumor-mouse-model
#1
Santhosh Kalash Rajendrakumar, Ning-Chu Chang, Adityanarayan Mohapatra, Saji Uthaman, Byeong-Il Lee, Wei-Bor Tsai, In-Kyu Park
To prolong blood circulation and avoid the triggering of immune responses, nanoparticles in the bloodstream require conjugation with polyethylene glycol (PEG). However, PEGylation hinders the interaction between the nanoparticles and the tumor cells and therefore limits the applications of PEGylated nanoparticles for therapeutic drug delivery. To overcome this limitation, zwitterionic materials can be used to enhance the systemic blood circulation and tumor-specific delivery of hydrophobic agents such as IR-780 iodide dye for photothermal therapy...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644924/role-of-prion-protein-egfr-multimolecular-complex-during-neuronal-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-derived-stem-cells
#2
Stefano Martellucci, Valeria Manganelli, Costantino Santacroce, Francesca Santilli, Luca Piccoli, Maurizio Sorice, Vincenzo Mattei
Cellular prion protein (PrPC ) is expressed in a wide variety of stem cells in which regulates their self-renewal as well as differentiation potential. In this study we investigated the presence of PrPC in human dental pulp-derived stem cells (hDPSCs) and its role in neuronal differentiation process. We show that hDPSCs expresses early PrPC at low concentration and its expression increases after two weeks of treatment with EGF/bFGF. Then, we analyzed the association of PrPC with gangliosides and EGF receptor (EGF-R) during neuronal differentiation process...
April 12, 2018: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644770/tmem55b-contributes-to-lysosomal-homeostasis-and-amino-acid-induced-mtorc1-activation
#3
Yutaka Hashimoto, Michiko Shirane, Keiichi I Nakayama
Mammalian/mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) responds to growth factors and nutrient availability. Amino acids induce the recruitment of mTORC1 to the lysosomal membrane and its consequent activation, but the molecular mechanism of such activation has remained unclear. We have now examined the role of TMEM55B, a lysosomal protein of unknown molecular function, in this process on the basis of the results of proteomics and immunofluorescence analyses showing that TMEM55B interacts with many proteins that participate in mTORC1 activation including components of the vacuolar-type proton ATPase (V-ATPase) and Ragulator complexes at the lysosomal membrane...
April 11, 2018: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643243/inefficient-hiv-1-trans-infection-of-cd4-t-cells-by-macrophages-from-hiv-1-nonprogressors-is-associated-with-altered-membrane-cholesterol-and-dc-sign
#4
Diana C DeLucia, Charles R Rinaldo, Giovanna Rappocciolo
Professional antigen presenting cells (APC: myeloid dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages (MΦ); B lymphocytes) mediate highly efficient HIV-1 infection of CD4+ T cells, termed trans infection, that could contribute to HIV-1 pathogenesis. We have previously shown that lower cholesterol content in DC and B lymphocytes is associated with a lack of HIV-1 trans infection in HIV-1 infected nonprogressors (NP). Here we assessed whether HIV-1 trans infection mediated by another major APC, MΦ, is deficient in NP due to altered cholesterol metabolism...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627763/-lipid-raft-aging-in-the-human-frontal-cortex-during-nonpathological-aging-gender-influences-and-potential-implications-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Mario Díaz, Noemí Fabelo, Isidre Ferrer, Raquel Marín
Lipid rafts are highly dynamic membrane domains featured by distinctive biochemical composition and physicochemical properties compared with the surrounding plasma membrane. These microstructures are associated not only with cellular signaling and communication in normal nerve cells but also with pathological processing of amyloid precursor protein in Alzheimer's disease. Using lipid rafts isolated from human frontal cortex in nondemented subjects aging 24 to 85 years, we demonstrate here that lipid structure of lipid rafts undergo significant alterations of specific lipid classes and phospholipid-bound fatty acids as brain cortex correlating with aging...
March 10, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627611/phytosterols-and-their-derivatives-structural-diversity-distribution-metabolism-analysis-and-health-promoting-uses
#6
REVIEW
Robert A Moreau, Laura Nyström, Bruce D Whitaker, Jill K Winkler-Moser, David J Baer, Sarah K Gebauer, Kevin B Hicks
Phytosterols (plant sterols) occur in the cells of all plants. They are important structural components that stabilize the biological membranes of plants. Sterols can occur in the "free" unbound form or they can be covalently bound via an ester or glycosidic bond. Since our previous 2002 review on phytosterols and phytosterol conjugates, phytosterol glucosides have been found to be important structural components in the lipid rafts of the plasma membrane of plant cells, where they are thought to be essential to the function of plasma membrane enzymes and perhaps other proteins...
April 5, 2018: Progress in Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623357/membrane-microdomains-regulate-nlrp10-and-nlrp12-dependent-signalling-in-a549-cells-challenged-with-cigarette-smoke-extract
#7
Dhirendra P Singh, Gagandeep Kaur, Prathyusha Bagam, Rakeysha Pinkston, Sanjay Batra
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is predicted to become the third leading cause of death and disability worldwide by 2030; with cigarette smoking (active or passive) being one of the chief cause of its occurrence. Cigarette smoke exposure has been found to result in excessive inflammation and tissue injury, which might lead to COPD, although the exact pathophysiology of the disease remains elusive. While previous studies have demonstrated the role of membrane-bound Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced inflammation, scant information is available about the role of cytosolic NOD-like receptors (NLRs) in regulating CS-mediated inflammatory responses...
April 6, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622677/heparan-sulfate-antagonism-alters-bone-morphogenetic-protein-signaling-and-receptor-dynamics-suggesting-a-mechanism-in-hereditary-multiple-exostoses
#8
Christina Mundy, Evan Yang, Hajime Takano, Paul C Billings, Maurizio Pacifici
Hereditary Multiple Exostoses (HME) is a pediatric disorder caused by heparan sulfate (HS) deficiency and is characterized by growth plate-associated osteochondromas. Previously, we found that osteochondroma formation in mouse models is preceded by ectopic bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling in the perichondrium, but the mechanistic relationships between BMP signaling and HS deficiency remain unclear. Therefore, we used an HS antagonist (Surfen) to investigate the effects of this HS interference on BMP signaling, ligand availability, cell surface BMP receptor (BMPR) dynamics and BMPR interactions in Ad-293 and C3H/10T1/2 cells...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618705/apolipoprotein-a-1-binding-protein-inhibits-inflammatory-signaling-pathways-by-binding-to-apolipoprotein-a-1-in-thp-1-macrophages
#9
Min Zhang, Guo-Jun Zhao, Kai Yin, Xiao-Dan Xia, Duo Gong, Zhen-Wang Zhao, Ling-Yan Chen, Xi-Long Zheng, Xiao-Er Tang, Chao-Ke Tang
BACKGROUND: It has previously been demonstrated that apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) binding protein (AIBP) promotes apoA-1 binding to ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and prevents ABCA1 protein degradation so as to inhibit foam cell formation. Because apoA-1 inhibits inflammatory signaling pathways, whether AIBP has an inhibitory effect on inflammatory signaling pathways in THP-1-derived macrophages is investigated.Methods and Results:Analysis of inflammation-related gene expression indicated that AIBP decreased lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated macrophage inflammation...
April 3, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609807/nanoscale-domain-formation-of-phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate-in-the-plasma-and-vacuolar-membranes-of-living-yeast-cells
#10
Kan-Na Tomioku, Mikiko Shigekuni, Hiroki Hayashi, Akane Yoshida, Taiki Futagami, Hisanori Tamaki, Kenji Tanabe, Akikazu Fujita
In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, PtdIns(4)P serves as an essential signalling molecule in the Golgi complex, endosomal system, and plasma membrane, where it is involved in the control of multiple cellular functions via direct interactions with PtdIns(4)P-binding proteins. To analyse the distribution of PtdIns(4)P in yeast cells at a nanoscale level, we employed an electron microscopy technique that specifically labels PtdIns(4)P on the freeze-fracture replica of the yeast membrane. This method minimizes the possibility of artificial perturbation, because molecules in the membrane are physically immobilised in situ...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609659/dengue-virus-like-particles-mimic-the-antigenic-properties-of-the-infectious-dengue-virus-envelope
#11
Stefan W Metz, Ashlie Thomas, Laura White, Mark Stoops, Markus Corten, Holger Hannemann, Aravinda M de Silva
BACKGROUND: The 4 dengue serotypes (DENV) are mosquito-borne pathogens that are associated with severe hemorrhagic disease. DENV particles have a lipid bilayer envelope that anchors two membrane glycoproteins prM and E. Two E-protein monomers form head-to-tail homodimers and three E-dimers align to form "rafts" that cover the viral surface. Some human antibodies that strongly neutralize DENV bind to quaternary structure epitopes displayed on E protein dimers or higher order structures forming the infectious virus...
April 2, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604571/cyclosporin-a-distribution-in-cholesterol-sphingomyelin-artificial-membranes-modeled-as-langmuir-monolayers
#12
Anita Wnętrzak, Katarzyna Makyła-Juzak, Anna Chachaj-Brekiesz, Ewelina Lipiec, Nuria Vila Romeu, Patrycja Dynarowicz-Latka
Cyclosporin A (CsA), a hydrophobic peptide, mainly known for its immunosuppressant properties, has shown a broad range of biological activities, including antimalarial action. Since CsA was found to be active on membrane level, it was subjected for investigations involving membrane models. Our former studies on interactions between CsA and different membrane lipids using Langmuir monolayer technique indicated its affinity for sphingomyelin (SM). Inspired by this finding we have extended our experiments on multicomponent systems and performed systematic investigations of CsA behavior towards artificial membranes containing different mutual proportion of sphingomyelin and cholesterol (Chol)...
March 26, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604406/interaction-of-dynamin-i-with-nap-22-a-neuronal-protein-enriched-in-the-presynaptic-region
#13
Satoko Ueno, Hiroshi Miyoshi, Yoko Maruyama, Mitsuhiro Morita, Shohei Maekawa
Neurons have well-developed membrane microdomains called "rafts" that are recovered as a detergent-resistant low-density membrane microdomain fraction (DRM). NAP-22 is one of the major protein components of neuronal DRM and localizes in the presynaptic region. In order to know the role of NAP-22 in the synaptic transmission, NAP-22 binding proteins in the cytosol were searched with an affinity screening with NAP-22 as a bait and several protein bands were detected. Using mass-analysis and western blotting, one of the main band of ∼90 kDa was identified as dynamin I...
March 28, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601097/ptraps-transmembrane-adaptors-in-innate-immune-signaling
#14
James E B Curson, Lin Luo, Matthew J Sweet, Jennifer L Stow
Transmembrane adaptor proteins (TRAPs) are protein scaffolds and signaling regulators with established roles in signal-induced activation of lymphocytes. A subset of the TRAP family, the palmitoylated TRAPs (pTRAPs), are increasingly emerging with additional roles in innate immune cells. Targeted to lipid rafts, tetraspannin-enriched microdomains, and protein microclusters in membranes, pTRAP scaffolds exert spatiotemporal regulation by recruiting signaling kinases, particularly Src and Syk family members, as well as Csk, and other effectors...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578193/interlink-between-cholesterol-cell-cycle-in-prostate-carcinoma
#15
Govind Singh, Shrimanjunath Sankanagoudar, Premnath Dogra, Nimai Chand Chandra
Background & objectives: Earlier reports have shown hypocholesterolaemia in cancer patients and high number of lipid rafts in cancer cells. The primary objective of this study was to compare the intracellular cholesterol turnover in non-cancerous (benign) prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and carcinoma prostate (CAP) with normal prostate cells obtained from patients undergoing radical cystectomy for carcinoma bladder (sham control). Methods: ELISA-based estimation of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), evaluation of expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) and cyclin E, immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy, measurement of integrated optical density of the diaminobenzidine (DAB)-stained immunohistograms, isolation of nucleus and cell cytoplasm from prostate tissue by ultracentrifugation followed by estimation of cholesterol spectrophotometrically in isolated nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions were performed...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559883/estrogen-interactions-with-lipid-rafts-related-to-neuroprotection-impact-of-brain-ageing-and-menopause
#16
REVIEW
Raquel Marin, Mario Diaz
Estrogens (E2) exert a plethora of neuroprotective actions against aged-associated brain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Part of these actions takes place through binding to estrogen receptors (ER) embedded in signalosomes, where numerous signaling proteins are clustered. Signalosomes are preferentially located in lipid rafts which are dynamic membrane microstructures characterized by a peculiar lipid composition enriched in gangliosides, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and sphingolipids. Rapid E2 interactions with ER-related signalosomes appear to trigger intracellular signaling ultimately leading to the activation of molecular mechanisms against AD...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559522/aibp-protects-against-metabolic-abnormalities-and-atherosclerosis
#17
Dina A Schneider, Soo-Ho Choi, Colin Agatisa-Boyle, Laurence Zhu, Jungsu Kim, Jennifer Pattison, Dorothy D Sears, Philip L S M Gordts, Longhou Fang, Yury I Miller
Apolipoprotein A-I Binding Protein (AIBP) has been shown to augment cholesterol efflux from endothelial cells and macrophages. In zebrafish and mice, AIBP-mediated regulation of cholesterol levels in the plasma membrane of endothelial cells controls angiogenesis. The goal of this work was to evaluate metabolic changes and atherosclerosis in AIBP loss-of-function and gain-of-function animal studies. Here we show that Apoa1bp-/-Ldlr-/- mice fed a high-cholesterol, high-fat diet had exacerbated weight gain, liver steatosis, glucose intolerance, hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, and larger atherosclerotic lesions compared to Ldlr-/- mice...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557361/dyslipidemia-modulates-m%C3%A3-ller-glial-sensing-and-transduction-of-ambient-information
#18
REVIEW
Monika Lakk, Felix Vazquez-Chona, Oleg Yarishkin, David Križaj
Unesterified cholesterol controls the fluidity, permeability and electrical properties of eukaryotic cell membranes. Consequently, cholesterol levels in the retina and the brain are tightly regulated whereas depletion or oversupply caused by diet or heredity contribute to neurodegenerative diseases and vision loss. Astroglia play a central role in the biosynthesis, uptake and transport of cholesterol and also drive inflammatory signaling under hypercholesterolemic conditions associated with high-fat diet (diabetes) and neurodegenerative disease...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556289/pro-metastatic-signaling-of-the-trans-fatty-acid-elaidic-acid-is-associated-with-lipid-rafts
#19
Shingo Kishi, Rina Fujiwara-Tani, Yi Luo, Isao Kawahara, Kei Goto, Kiyomu Fujii, Hitoshi Ohmori, Chie Nakashima, Takamitsu Sasaki, Hiroki Kuniyasu
Trans fatty acids (TFAs) are risk factors for cardiovascular disorders, and the cancer-promoting effects of TFAs have been previously reported. The present study examined the effects and signaling of elaidic acid (EA), a TFA, in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Oral intake of EA was found to increase metastasis of HT29 human CRC cells. Results indicated that, in the plasma membrane, EA was integrated into cholesterol rafts, which contain epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR). EA increased nanog and c-myc, and decreased PGC-1A through lipid raft-associated EGFR signaling in HT29 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555421/neurodegenerative-diseases-infectious-pathologies-and-liquid-crystals-hypothesis-of-a-common-information-vector-involving-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#20
C Binot, C-H Chouard
The existence of an information vector common to very different pathologies is the hypothesis of one of us, the argumentation and discussion of which we present here. It is a mesomorphic state of material called liquid crystal. The liquid-ordered (Lo) phase, made up of membrane rafts mediated by cholesterol, lies at the center of our concept. This mesophase is either preexistent and then modified by the pathogenic process, or initiated by the latter. The most notable disorders involved are Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Charcot and Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases, flu-like illnesses and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), although this list may well be extended to include other anisotropic, birefringent amyloid proteinopathies, which have properties compatible with those of liquid crystals...
March 16, 2018: Revue Neurologique
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