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Ganglion Excision

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022775/arthroscopic-versus-open-excision-of-dorsal-ganglion-cysts-a-systematic-review
#1
Catherine Crawford, Aakash Keswani, Andrew J Lovy, Isaiah Levy, Kristina Lutz, Jaehon Kim, Michael Hausman
We conducted a systematic review comparing recurrence and complication rate following open versus arthroscopic excision of ganglion cysts. Sixteen full-text articles were included. The pooled recurrence rate of open excision was 20% (range: 5.6-40.7%) with Q value of 27 and I(2) of 82%. The pooled recurrence rate of arthroscopic excision was 9% (range: 0-17%) with Q value of 10 and I(2) of 2%. Eleven of 16 studies were low quality or had a high risk of bias; however, excluding low quality studies or those with high risk of bias produced similar recurrence rates in arthroscopic and open excision (7...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829742/inhibition-of-transient-receptor-potential-melastatin-3-ion-channels-by-g-protein-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-subunits
#2
Doreen Badheka, Yevgen Yudin, Istvan Borbiro, Cassandra M Hartle, Aysenur Yazici, Tooraj Mirshahi, Tibor Rohacs
Transient receptor potential melastatin 3 (TRPM3) channels are activated by heat, and chemical ligands such as pregnenolone sulphate (PregS) and CIM0216. Here, we show that activation of receptors coupled to heterotrimeric Gi/o proteins inhibits TRPM3 channels. This inhibition was alleviated by co-expression of proteins that bind the βγ subunits of heterotrimeric G-proteins (Gβγ). Co-expression of Gβγ, but not constitutively active Gαi or Gαo, inhibited TRPM3 currents. TRPM3 co-immunoprecipitated with Gβ, and purified Gβγ proteins applied to excised inside-out patches inhibited TRPM3 currents, indicating a direct effect...
August 15, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720992/ganglion-cyst-of-the-hip-mimicking-lumbar-disk-herniation-a-case-report
#3
Devendra Lakhotia, Kumar Prashant, Won Yong Shon
Sciatic nerve compression due to a ganglion cyst around the posterior aspect of the hip joint is not commonly described in literature. We report a rare case of a 63-year-old man with a ganglion cyst around his hip joint, who presented with symptoms of sciatica. After excision of the cyst, the patient was symptom free. A high index of clinical doubt and detailed clinical examination is required for non-palpable cystic lesions in close proximity to the sciatic nerve in patients presenting with symptoms of sciatica and in patients with concomitant of lumbar disk herniation...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706816/endoscopic-stalk-resection-of-a-toe-ganglion-with-color-aided-visualization
#4
Takahisa Ogawa, Yasuhiro Seki, Shinichi Shirasawa
Ganglion cysts are common cystic lesions filled with a jelly-like substance and originate from a joint capsule or tendon sheath through a stalk. Ganglion cysts mostly occur in the hand region, for which surgical excision usually results in good outcomes. In contrast, toe ganglions are relatively rare, and surgical treatment is associated with a high recurrence rate because of unidentifiable ganglion stalks, requiring large skin incisions. We have treated toe ganglion cysts using endoscopy in the ganglion cyst by injecting methylene blue into the tendon sheath that connects to the ganglion stalk...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699403/rna-seq-investigations-of-human-post-mortem-trigeminal-ganglia
#5
Danielle M LaPaglia, Matthew R Sapio, Peter D Burbelo, Jean Thierry-Mieg, Danielle Thierry-Mieg, Stephen J Raithel, Christopher E Ramsden, Michael J Iadarola, Andrew J Mannes
Background The trigeminal ganglion contains neurons that relay sensations of pain, touch, pressure, and many other somatosensory modalities to the central nervous system. The ganglion is also a reservoir for latent herpes virus 1 infection. To gain a better understanding of molecular factors contributing to migraine and headache, transcriptome analyses were performed on postmortem human trigeminal ganglia. Methods RNA-Seq measurements of gene expression were conducted on small sub-regions of 16 human trigeminal ganglia...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699021/ganglion-cysts-of-the-proximal-tibiofibular-articulation-the-role-of-arthrodesis-and-combined-partial-fibula-excision
#6
Gabriel Lateur, Regis Pailhé, Ramsay Refaie, Brice Rubens-Duval, Vincent Morin, Mehdi Boudissa, Dominique Saragaglia
PURPOSE: Cysts of the proximal tibiofibular articulation are rare and their optimal treatment remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results and complications of the treatment of synovial ganglion cysts of the proximal tibiofibular articulation by simple excision or by excision and fusion of the proximal tibiofibular joint with a limited fibula excision. METHODS: Between January 2005 and December 2016, seven male patients with an average age of 46 years were treated for a ganglion cyst of the proximal tibiofibular articulation...
July 12, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656312/nogo-receptor-knockdown-and-ciliary-neurotrophic-factor-attenuate-diabetic-retinopathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#7
Xiliang Guo, Xuezheng Liu
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). We investigated whether Nogo receptor (NgR) knockdown and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) treatment, either alone or in combination, ameliorated diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetic rat model. STZ‑induced diabetic rats were administrated for a total of 12 weeks with 3 µM siRNA (5 µl) once every 6 weeks and/or 1 µg CNTF weekly. The retinal tissues were excised. We measured cell number in ganglion cell layer (GCL) using H&E staining and cell apoptosis using TUNEL assay...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634514/cystic-lesions-of-peripheral-nerves-are-we-missing-the-diagnosis-of-the-intraneural-ganglion-cyst
#8
Jyoti Panwar, Anil Mathew, Binu P Thomas
AIM: To highlight the salient magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of the intraneural ganglion cyst (INGC) of various peripheral nerves for their precise diagnosis and to differentiate them from other intra and extra-neural cystic lesions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the magnetic resonance (MR) images of a cohort of 245 patients presenting with nerve palsy involving different peripheral nerves was done. MR images were analyzed for the presence of a nerve lesion, and if found, it was further characterized as solid or cystic...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626127/a-case-of-retroperitoneal-paraganglioma
#9
Takao Amaike, Toshihisa Tamura, Atsuhiro Koga, Kazunori Shibao, Aiichiro Higure, Keiji Hirata
We report a surgical case of retroperitoneal paraganglioma. A paraganglioma is a catecholamine-producing tumor originating in the chromaffin cells of the sympathetic ganglion. It is a kind of pheochromocytoma which occurs on the outside of the adrenal gland. The patient was a 72 year old male with a history of hypertension and a pacemaker implantation. A mass in the ventral side of the right iliopsoas muscle was detected during a routine contrasting computed tomography (CT) examination for checking his pacemaker...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614252/suprascapular-nerve-entrapment-caused-by-an-intraosseous-ganglion-of-the-scapula-a-case-report
#10
Jung Ryul Kim, Sung Il Wang
RATIONALE: Suprascapular nerve compression is a rare but important entity that is often missed in clinical practice. Nerve dysfunction caused by an intraosseous ganglion of the glenoid is extremely rare, to the best of our knowledge, only 1 case of suprascapular nerve entrapment due to an intraosseous ganglion cyst has been reported previously in the published literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 61-year-old woman who had complained right shoulder pain that lasted over 3 years which was exacerbated by overhead activities...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606435/cost-minimization-analysis-of-ganglion-cyst-excision
#11
Eric Quan Pang, Steven Zhang, Alex H S Harris, Robin N Kamal
PURPOSE: Cost minimization analysis can be employed to determine the least costly option when multiple treatments lead to equivalent outcomes. We present a cost minimization analysis from the payers' perspective, of the direct per patient cost of arthroscopic versus open ganglion cyst excision. We tested the null hypothesis that there is no difference in cost between the 2 procedures from the payer perspective. METHODS: We utilized data from a private payer administrative claims database comprising 16 million individuals from 2007 to 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587937/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-nociceptive-effects-of-strontium-ranelate-on-the-zymosan-induced-temporomandibular-joint-inflammatory-hypernociception-in-rats-depend-on-tnf-%C3%AE-inhibition
#12
Sheila Moreira Alves, Susana Capistrano Abreu, Jonas Cavalcante Lemos, Francisco Isaac Fernandes Gomes, Shirley Moreira Alves, Danielle Rocha do Val, Raul Sousa Freitas, Karuza Maria Alves Pereira, Vicente de Paulo Teixeira Pinto, Gerly Anne de Castro Brito, Mirna Marques Bezerra, Gerardo Cristino-Filho, Hellíada Vasconcelos Chaves
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders show inflammatory components, heavily impacting on quality of life. Strontium ranelate has previously shown anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects on other experimental inflammatory pain models. Thus, we aim to investigate the strontium ranelate efficacy in reducing the zymosan-induced inflammatory hypernociception in the TMJ of rats by evaluating the TNF-α, IL-1β, and hemeoxygenase-1 (HO-1) involvement. METHODS: Wistar rats were treated with strontium ranelate (0...
March 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537695/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-excision-of-a-retroperitoneal-ganglioneuroma
#13
Lucas Medeiros Burttet, Fernando Jahn da Silva Abreu, Gabrielle Aguiar Varaschin, Brasil Silva, Milton Berger
INTRODUCTION: Ganglioneuromas are rare benign neoplasms of the sympathetic nervous system. We describe the case of an incidentally found ganglioneuroma in a woman. To our knowledge this is the first described case of robotic excision of a retroperitoneal ganglioneuroma. CASE: A 41-year-old female had an incidental retroperitoneal mass found during a routine US. CT scan and MRI showed an 8.3cm homogeneous mass, adjacent to left kidney upper pole, with peripheral contrast enhancement...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507973/intratendinous-ganglion-cyst-of-the-semitendinosus-tendon-first-reported-case-and-literature-review
#14
Puneet Maheshwari, Pramod Maheshwari, Pramod Bapna
INTRODUCTION: Ganglion cysts are commonly seen in wrist joints and knee joint, but intra-tendinous ganglion cysts are extremely rare. We report the first case of intratendinous ganglion cyst of semi-tendinous tendon. CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old boy presented with painless soft tissue swelling over knee with no history of recent trauma. Radiograph was normal and USG showed a well-defined hypoechoic cystic lesion. Patient was taken for surgery and the lesion was removed...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506163/the-outcome-of-treatment-of-flexor-sheath-seed-ganglia-by-a-percutaneous-partial-pulley-release
#15
David Lavalette, Grey Giddins
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to assess the safety and efficacy of a technique of partial percutaneous pulley release. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken treating adults with seed ganglia with a percutaneous pulley release. The patients were reviewed independently after a mean of 6 (range 6-36) months. RESULTS: We treated 24 patients over a 3 year period. There were 14 women and ten men. The mean age was 39 (range 17-65) years...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498268/transcanal-endoscopic-ear-surgery-for-excision-of-a-facial-nerve-venous-malformation-with-interposition-nerve-grafting-a-case-report
#16
Cameron C Wick, Mark Sakai, Timothy E Richardson, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a novel approach for the surgical management of a venous malformation of the facial nerve, including interposition nerve grafting, via an exclusively transcanal endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) approach. PATIENT: Thirty nine-year-old woman with a preoperative House-Brackmann (HB) grade IV facial paresis secondary to a facial nerve tumor. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical excision and interposition nerve graft via a transcanal endoscopic approach...
July 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462638/complete-laparoscopic-excision-of-a-giant-retroperitoneal-paraganglioma
#17
Zar Jawad, A B Fajardo-Puerta, D Lefroy, J Todd, P B Lim, L R Jiao
Paragangliomas (or 'extra-adrenal phaeochromocytomas') are rare tumours arising from neural crest cells. They occur most commonly in the abdomen along the paraspinal sympathetic ganglion. The malignancy rate can be up to 35% and surgical resection is the recommended treatment. While laparoscopic excision of phaeochromocytomas is now well established, the overall number of cases of paragangliomas reported is much smaller owing to their rarity (even more so for giant paragangliomas of ≥8cm) and controversy remains over the completeness of excision...
May 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455461/a-rare-tumour-of-hand-angioleiomyoma
#18
Mahesh Suresh Kulkarni, Sandeep Vijayan, Monappa Naik, Sharath Kumar Rao
Angioleiomyoma is a benign tumour composed of smooth muscle and vascular tissue. Because of the paucity of smooth muscles in the hand other than tunica media of the blood vessels, its occurrence is quite rare in the hand and only few cases are reported in the English literature. We present the case of a 49-year-old man with benign painless swelling on the dorsum of hand. Differential diagnosis of ganglion cyst and tendon sheath tumour were considered. However, excision biopsy revealed angioleiomyoma. At 2-year follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic with no evidence of recurrence...
April 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424917/cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ganglion-cysts-a-review-of-59-cases
#19
Jinsong Tong, Bin Xu, Zhen Dong, Jingbo Liu, Chenggang Zhang, Yudong Gu
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome caused by ganglion cysts is rare and reports are few. This study aimed to review a patient cohort with ganglion cysts in the cubital tunnel and identify prognostic factors. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients (59 extremities; McGowan grade I, 4; IIa, 4; IIb, 3; III, 48) were evaluated retrospectively with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Extraneural cysts were excised completely, while intraneural cysts were incised and drained. All cases underwent subcutaneous transposition...
July 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409102/dry-arthroscopic-excision-of-dorsal-wrist-ganglion
#20
Jason Gray, Todd Zuhlke, Shane Eizember, Ramesh Srinivasan
Ganglions are common soft tissue masses of the hand. High recurrence rates are associated with nonsurgical treatment; thus, excision is often indicated. Arthroscopic excision and open excision have similar recurrence rates; however, the latter is associated with prolonged healing time and increased scarring. Recently, dry wrist arthroscopic techniques have been used. This technique allows easier confirmation of complete ganglion removal, easier conversion to open surgery, earlier return of motion, and stitch-less closure when compared with traditional "wet" arthroscopic excision...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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