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Ganglion Excision

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424917/cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ganglion-cysts-a-review-of-59-cases
#1
Jinsong Tong, Bin Xu, Zhen Dong, Jingbo Liu, Chenggang Zhang, Yudong Gu
BACKGROUND: Cubital tunnel syndrome caused by ganglion cysts is rare and reports are few. This study aimed to review a patient cohort with ganglion cysts in the cubital tunnel and identify prognostic factors. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients (59 extremities; McGowan grade I, 4; IIa, 4; IIb, 3; III, 48) were evaluated retrospectively with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Extraneural cysts were excised completely, while intraneural cysts were incised and drained. All cases underwent subcutaneous transposition...
April 19, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409102/dry-arthroscopic-excision-of-dorsal-wrist-ganglion
#2
Jason Gray, Todd Zuhlke, Shane Eizember, Ramesh Srinivasan
Ganglions are common soft tissue masses of the hand. High recurrence rates are associated with nonsurgical treatment; thus, excision is often indicated. Arthroscopic excision and open excision have similar recurrence rates; however, the latter is associated with prolonged healing time and increased scarring. Recently, dry wrist arthroscopic techniques have been used. This technique allows easier confirmation of complete ganglion removal, easier conversion to open surgery, earlier return of motion, and stitch-less closure when compared with traditional "wet" arthroscopic excision...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385570/-why-is-it-important-to-differentiate-trichoblastic-carcinomas-ct-from-basal-cell-carcinomas-cbc-about-21-cases
#3
M Thomas, C Bruant-Rodier, F Bodin, B Cribier, M Huther, C Dissaux
Trichoblastic carcinoma is a rare epithelial malignant epithelial tumor, its diagnosis is difficult and the therapeutic management is non-consensual. This retrospective study, carried out between 2009 and 2015, covered 21 cases and analyzed the diagnostic and therapeutic characteristics of trichoblastic carcinomas. Sex ratio is 2. Trichoblastic carcinoma predominated in the face (65% of cases), particularly in perinasal (30% of cases). Its clinical presentation is in 95% of cases as basal cell carcinoma, which is the first clinical diagnosis evoked...
April 3, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298947/glomus-vagale-tumour-can-it-be-diagnosed-only-on-sonography
#4
Shuchi Bhatt, Pooja Verma, Neha Meena, Anupama Tandon, Nadeem Tanveer, Divya Bansal
Vagal paragangliomas are rare benign tumors accounting for only 3% of head and neck paragangliomas and arise from vagal ganglions, predominately the nodose ganglion in the carotid sheath. Imaging plays an important role in their diagnosis, differentiation from more common lesions presenting in the carotid space, and management. MRI is the method of choice for investigation when paragangliomas are clinically suspected. The typical salt-and-pepper appearance in T1-weighted images is well known but not specific to paragangliomas...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255491/myxoid-plexiform-fibrohistiocytic-tumor-masquerading-as-ganglion-cyst-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Chih-Yi Liu, Jui Lan, Hsuan-Ying Huang
Background. Plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor is a distinctive mesenchymal neoplasm of low-grade malignancy, with the capacity for biphasic differentiation toward a fibroblastic or histiocyte-like morphology. Clinically, these lesions affect different areas of the body and appear as painless, slowly growing, dermal or subcutaneous masses. To date, only three cases of myxoid variant have been reported in the English literature. Case Presentation. A 45-year-old female patient presented with a subcutaneous nodule in the right popliteal fossa...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163268/a-case-report-of-an-acromioclavicular-joint-ganglion-associated-with-a-rotator-cuff-tear
#6
Suguru Tanaka, Masafumi Gotoh, Yasuhiro Mitsui, Isao Shirachi, Takahiro Okawa, Fujio Higuchi, Naoto Shiba
We report a case of subcutaneous ganglion adjacent to the acromioclavicular joint with massive rotator cuff tear [1-7]. An 81-year-old woman presented with a ganglion adjacent to the acromioclavicular joint that had first been identified 9 months earlier. The ganglion had recurred after having been aspirated by her local physician, so she was referred to our hospital. The puncture fluid was yellowish, clear and viscous. Magnetic resonance imaging identified a massive rotator cuff tear with multi- lobular cystic lesions continuous to the acromioclavicular joint, presenting the "geyser sign"...
February 6, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118665/functional-properties-of-sensory-nerve-terminals-of-the-mouse-cornea
#7
Omar González-González, Federico Bech, Juana Gallar, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Carlos Belmonte
Purpose: To define the firing properties of sensory nerve terminals innervating the adult mouse cornea in response to external stimuli of differing modality. Methods: Extracellular electrical activity of single corneal sensory nerve terminals was recorded in excised eyes of C57BL/6J mice. Eyes were placed in a recording chamber and were continuously superfused with warm saline solution. Nerve terminal impulse (NTI) activity was recorded by means of a glass pipette (tip ∼ 50 μm), applied on the corneal surface...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107760/intraneural-ganglion-cyst-of-the-ulnar-nerve-in-an-unusual-location-a-case-report
#8
Ufuk Öztürk, Ahmet Salduz, Mehmet Demirel, Tuna Pehlivanoğlu, Sevan Sivacioğlu
INTRODUCTION: Intraneural ganglion cysts are benign, mucinous, non-neoplastic lesions of the peripheral nerves. While the most common location of intraneural ganglion cysts is the ulnar nerve and its branches, intraneural ganglion cyst involving the superficial branch of the ulnar nerve has not yet been reported. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A-25-year-old woman presented with pain and a palpable mass in the hypothenar region of the volar side of her right hand. Her neuromuscular examination was normal...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075051/bilateral-multifocal-upper-extremity-atypical-granular-cell-tumors-presenting-as-long-standing-right-wrist-and-left-hand-masses-in-a-15-year-old-african-american-female
#9
Michael R DeWall, Corey O Montgomery, Jerad M Gardner
Granular cell tumor (GrCT) is a benign nerve sheath tumor. Atypical and malignant variants of GrCT are rare but have been well described. We report a case of multifocal symmetric atypical GrCT in the bilateral hand/wrists of a 15-year-old African-American female. The initial clinical impression for both masses was favored to be ganglion cysts. Ultrasound findings of both masses revealed hypoechoic soft tissue lesions with some internal echogenicity favoring complex cysts. On excision, both masses were histologically circumscribed, lobulated and attached to tendon...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073652/tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-due-to-three-different-types-of-ganglion-during-a-12-year-period-a-case-report
#10
Motohisa Kawakatsu, Toshihiro Ishiko, Masafumi Sumiya
A 52-year-old male complained of numbness and radiating pain affecting the plantar region of his left foot. He was found to have recurrent tarsal tunnel syndrome due to posterior tibial nerve compression by 3 different types of ganglion during a 12-year period. To the best of our knowledge, a similar case has not been documented. At the first operation, flexor retinaculum release and simple excision of an epineural ganglion were performed without injuring the nerve fascicles; however, an intrafascicular ganglion developed approximately 2 years later...
March 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027386/paresis-of-the-peroneal-nerve-a-rare-but-severe-long-term-complication-of-polyethylene-wear-in-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Matthias Aurich, Mark Lenz, Norman Best
One of the most important limiting factors in the long-term success of total knee arthroplasty is polyethylene wear. Particles of the polyethylene inserts have been shown to elicit a foreign body response, which produces bone resorption and osteolysis, ultimately leading to loosening and component failure. The authors report on a case of an elderly patient who underwent a total knee arthroplasty almost 2 decades ago. Clinical and radiological checkups of the knee had not been performed recently. He now presented with a painful and swollen knee, recurrent joint effusion and swelling of the lower leg, and paresis of the peroneal nerve...
December 27, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006718/trigger-wrist-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-a-flexor-tendon-related-ganglion-in-a-teenager-a-case-report
#12
Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Nourhan A Elshamma, Almaha Alqabbani
INTRODUCTION: Trigger wrist is a rare entity and is usually seen in adults. Trigger wrist in children and teenagers is extremely rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A case of Trigger wrist and carpal tunnel syndrome in a 16-year-old male is reported. Surgical exploration revealed a ganglion related to the flexor superficialis tendon. After surgical excision, there was complete resolution of symptoms. DISCUSSION: This is a very rare case and there are no similar cases in the literature...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965907/a-rare-tumor-in-the-cervical-sympathetic-trunk-ganglioneuroblastoma
#13
Ozan Erol, Alper Koycu, Erdinc Aydin
Ganglioneuroblastoma is a rare tumor with moderate malignancy, which is composed of mature ganglion cells and seen in sympathetic ganglia and adrenal medulla. The diagnosis is possible after cytological and immunohistochemical studies following a needle biopsy or surgical excision. There is no consensus regarding the need for chemo- or radiotherapy after surgery. In this case report, clinical behavior and diagnosis and treatment of the rare tumor cervical ganglioneuroblastoma were discussed.
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900302/tuberculous-tenosynovitis-presenting-as-finger-drop-a-case-report-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Jayadev Chandrasekharan, Senthil Nathan Sambandam, Sreehari Cheriyakara, Varatharaj Mounasamy
BACKGROUND: Isolated tuberculous tenosynovitis and bursitis are rare among musculoske let al tuberculosis, but it is one of the major causes for chronic tendon sheath infection in developing countries. In hand, it is usually presented as a compound palmer ganglion (radio ulnar bursa), tenosynovitis of the flexer tendon sheaths and very few cases of tubercular tenosynovitis affecting the extensor tendons also are reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We are reporting a rare case of tuberculous extensor tenosynovitis with rupture of the extensor digitorum tendon in an elderly Indian man...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889103/cardiac-autonomic-changes-after-thoracic-sympathectomy-a-prospective-randomized%C3%A2-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alfonso Fiorelli, Giovanni Messina, Paolo Chiodini, Saveria Costanzo, Andrea Viggiano, Marcellino Monda, Giovanni Vicidomini, Mario Santini
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether cardiac autonomic changes could be associated with different extent of sympathetic nerve resection in the management of essential palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Sixty patients with essential palmar hyperhidrosis were randomly allocated to undergo excision of T3 ganglia (sympathicectomy group; n = 30) or to interruption of sympathetic chain at the T2 to T3 level with ganglion sparing (sympathicotomy group; n = 30). Time and frequency domains were measured with a 24-Holter monitor during daytime, nighttime, and 24-hour periods at different interval points (7 days before operation; 24 hours; and 1, 3, and 6 months later), and the differences were statistically compared...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865785/dnmt1-dnmt3a-and-dnmt3b-cooperate-in-photoreceptor-and-outer-plexiform-layer-development-in-the-mammalian-retina
#16
Ratnesh K Singh, Ramya K Mallela, Abigail Hayes, Nicholas R Dunham, Morgan E Hedden, Raymond A Enke, Robert N Fariss, Hal Sternberg, Michael D West, Igor O Nasonkin
Characterizing the role of epigenetic regulation in the mammalian retina is critical for understanding fundamental mechanisms of retinal development and disease. DNA methylation, an epigenetic modifier of genomic DNA, plays an important role in modulating networks of tissue and cell-specific gene expression. However, the impact of DNA methylation on retinal development and homeostasis of retinal neurons remains unclear. Here, we have created a tissue-specific DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt) triple mutant mouse in an effort to characterize the impact of DNA methylation on retinal development and homeostasis...
November 16, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858292/cisplatin-toxicity-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-is-relieved-by-meclizine-via-diminution-of-mitochondrial-compromise-and-improved-clearance-of-dna-damage
#17
Murat F Gorgun, Ming Zhuo, Ella W Englander
Chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity of peripheral nervous system (PNS) hinders efficacy of cancer treatments. Mechanisms initiating PNS injury by anticancer drugs are incompletely understood delaying development of effective management strategies. To understand events triggered in PNS by cancer drugs, we exposed dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons to cisplatin, a drug from platinum-based class of chemotherapeutics frequently implicated in peripheral neuropathies. While cisplatin enters cancer cells and forms cisplatin/DNA crosslinks that block cell proliferation, circulating cisplatin can also reach the PNS and produce crosslinks that impede critical DNA transactions in postmitotic neurons...
November 17, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827430/lactate-is-a-potent-inhibitor-of-the-capsaicin-receptor-trpv1
#18
Jeanne de la Roche, Isabella Walther, Waleria Leonow, Axel Hage, Mirjam Eberhardt, Martin Fischer, Peter W Reeh, Susanne Sauer, Andreas Leffler
Tissue ischemia results in an accumulation of lactate and local or systemic lactic acidosis. In nociceptive sensory neurons, lactate was reported to sensitize or activate the transient receptor potential ion channel TRPA1 and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). However, it is unclear how lactate modulates the TRPV1 regarded as the main sensor for acidosis in sensory neurons. In this study we investigated the effects of lactate (LA) on recombinant and native TRPV1 channels and on TRPV1-mediated release of neuropeptides from mouse nerves...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692195/the-history-of-sympathetic-surgery
#19
Moshe Hashmonai
At present, primary hyperhidrosis is the main indication for sympathectomy. For upper thoracic sympathetic ablation, excision of the second thoracic ganglion alone or with the first and/or third ganglia was the standard during the open surgery era. With the advent of thoracoscopy, modifications related to the level, extent, and type of ablation were proposed to attenuate compensatory hyperhidrosis. The ideal operation for sympathetic denervation of the face and upper limbs remain to be defined. Controlled double-blind studies with quantitave measurements of sweat production are required...
November 2016: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648065/an-unusual-cause-of-foot-drop-peroneal-extraneural-ganglion-cyst
#20
Murat Zumrut, Mehmet Demirayak, Ahmet Kucukapan
Peripheral neuropathies caused by ganglion cysts are quite rare, especially in the lower extremities. The case of a 64-year-old male with a 2-day history of foot drop and tenderness in the region of the left fibular neck is presented. Physical examination and electromyogram findings verified peroneal nerve palsy. Ultrasonography showed cystic mass localized proximal of the peroneal muscle structures. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a cystic-appearing mass around the fibular neck that compressed the common peroneal nerve...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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