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Newborn and health and mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650337/risk-factors-of-neonatal-mortality-in-faisalabad-pakistan
#1
Sajjad Haider Bhatti, Hiba Izzam Mamuna, Muhammad Aftab, Muhammad Aslam, Nosheen Aslam, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Hamad Ahmed, Muhammad Akram
The objective of study was to find out major correlates of neonatal mortality. The main focus was in determining the impact of different demographic and health related characteristics of neonates and their mothers. A planned questionnaire was prepared in order to collect the information from mothers of newborns. The data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Faisalabad district. Discharge condition of neonate (dead or alive) was taken as response. Binary logistic regression was applied in order to unveil the impact of different contributory factors on the chances of neonatal mortality...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631494/a-study-on-preterm-births-during-2013-2015-shiraz-iran
#2
Elham Jaberi, Mirkazemi Roksana
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal and infant mortality and a substantial portion of neonatal morbidities. The perinatal mortality and morbidity statistics in developing countries are inadequate. In this study, we assessed prevalence and health outcomes of preterm deliveries in tertiary care university hospitals. A retrospective study of hospital records of premature babies born in all the five governmental tertiary care settings during the time interval of 2013-2015 in Shiraz was conducted. Result of this study showed that there was an overall 127...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629475/can-formalizing-links-among-community-health-workers-accredited-drug-dispensing-outlet-dispensers-and-health-facility-staff-increase-their-collaboration-to-improve-prompt-access-to-maternal-and-child-care-a-qualitative-study-in-tanzania
#3
Angel Dillip, Suleiman Kimatta, Martha Embrey, John C Chalker, Richard Valimba, Mariam Malliwah, John Meena, Rachel Lieber, Keith Johnson
BACKGROUND: In Tanzania, progress toward achieving the 2015 Millennium Development Goals for maternal and newborn health was slow. An intervention brought together community health workers, health facility staff, and accredited drug dispensing outlet (ADDO) dispensers to improve maternal and newborn health through a mechanism of collaboration and referral. This study explored barriers, successes, and promising approaches to increasing timely access to care by linking the three levels of health care provision...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622787/monitoring-of-the-newborn-dog-and-prediction-of-neonatal-mortality
#4
Hanna Mila, Aurélien Grellet, Marine Delebarre, Claire Mariani, Alexandre Feugier, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard
Despite the high neonatal mortality rate in puppies, pertinent criteria for health evaluation of the newborns are not defined. This study was thus designed to measure and to characterize factors of variation of six health parameters in dog neonates, and to evaluate their value as predictors of neonatal mortality. A total of 347 purebred puppies under identical conditions of housing and management were examined within the first 8h after birth and then at Day 1. The first health evaluation included Apgar score, weight, blood glucose, lactate and β-hydroxybutyrate concentration, rectal temperature and urine specific gravity (SG)...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621463/can-the-apgar-score-be-used-for-international-comparisons-of-newborn-health
#5
Ayesha Siddiqui, Marina Cuttini, Rachel Wood, Petr Velebil, Marie Delnord, Irisa Zile, Henrique Barros, Mika Gissler, Ashna D Hindori-Mohangoo, Béatrice Blondel, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: The Apgar score has been shown to be predictive of neonatal mortality in clinical and population studies, but has not been used for international comparisons. We examined population-level distributions in Apgar scores and associations with neonatal mortality in Europe. METHODS: Aggregate data on the 5 minute Apgar score for live births and neonatal mortality rates from countries participating in the Euro-Peristat project in 2004 and 2010 were analysed...
June 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611102/effect-on-neonatal-mortality-of-newborn-infection-management-at-health-posts-when-referral-is-not-possible-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-ethiopia
#6
Tedbabe Degefie Hailegebriel, Brian Mulligan, Simon Cousens, Bereket Mathewos, Steve Wall, Abeba Bekele, Jeanne Russell, Deborah Sitrin, Biruk Tensou, Joy Lawn, Joseph de Graft Johnson, Hailemariam Legesse, Sirak Hailu, Assaye Nigussie, Bogale Worku, Abdullah Baqui
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recently provided guidelines for outpatient treatment of possible severe bacterial infections (PSBI) in young infants, when referral to hospital is not feasible. This study evaluated newborn infection treatment at the most peripheral level of the health system in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized trial in 22 geographical clusters (11 allocated to intervention, 11 to control). In both arms, volunteers and government-employed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) conducted home visits to pregnant and newly delivered mothers; assessed newborns; and counseled caregivers on prevention of newborn illness, danger signs, and care seeking...
June 12, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608631/a-descriptive-single-centre-experience-of-the-management-and-outcome-of-maternal-alloantibodies-in-pregnancy
#7
V Chatziantoniou, N Heeney, T Maggs, C Rozette, C Fountain, T Watts, C Harrison, D Pasupathy, S Sankaran, P Kyle, S Robinson
BACKGROUND: Haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) occurs when maternal IgG alloantibodies to fetal red blood cell antigens cross the placenta, causing haemolysis in the fetus and/or neonate. After delivery, the main concern is hyperbilirubinaemia, which can cause neurological damage. OBJECTIVES: To summarise our current management and outcome data to inform health-care professionals counselling women whose pregnancies are at risk of HDFN and to compare these data with relevant studies...
June 13, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599136/antenatal-and-postnatal-care-practices-among-mothers-in-rural-bangladesh-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Md Shahjahan, Hasina Akhter Chowdhury, Ahmed Y Al-Hadhrami, Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: appropriate utilization of antenatal and postnatal care can prevent complications and ensures better maternal and child health care. Although under-five mortality in South Asia, including Bangladesh, has reduced substantially, the rate of neonatal mortality is still high. The study aims to identify factors associated with the practice of antenatal and/or postnatal care amongst mothers of newborns from a healthcare facility in a selected area of rural Bangladesh. RESEARCH DESIGN/SETTING: a community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 360 postnatal mothers, who were within 42 days of delivery...
May 22, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589020/countdown-to-2015-an-analysis-of-donor-funding-for-prenatal-and-neonatal-health-2003-2013
#9
Catherine Pitt, Christopher Grollman, Melisa Martínez-Álvarez, Leonardo Arregoces, Joy E Lawn, Josephine Borghi
BACKGROUND: In 2015, 5.3 million babies died in the third trimester of pregnancy and first month following birth. Progress in reducing neonatal mortality and stillbirth rates has lagged behind the substantial progress in reducing postneonatal and maternal mortality rates. The benefits to prenatal and neonatal health (PNH) from maternal and child health investments cannot be assumed. METHODS: We analysed donor funding for PNH over the period 2003-2013. We used an exhaustive key term search followed by manual review and classification to identify official development assistance and private grant (ODA+) disbursement records in the Countdown to 2015 ODA+ Database...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589019/provider-initiated-delivery-late-preterm-birth-and-perinatal-mortality-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-who-multicountry-survey-on-maternal-and-newborn-health
#10
Naho Morisaki, Xun Zhang, Togoobaatar Ganchimeg, Joshua P Vogel, Joo Paulo Dias Souza, Jose G Cecatti, Maria Regina Torloni, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Suneeta Mittal, Suzanne Tough, Siobhan Dolan, Michael S Kramer
INTRODUCTION: In high-income countries, a reduced clinical threshold for obstetric interventions such as labour induction (LI) and prelabour caesarean delivery (PLCD) has played a substantial role in increasing rates of late preterm births. However, the association between provider-initiated delivery and perinatal outcomes have not been studied in a multicountry setting including low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: 286 hospitals in 29 countries participated in the WHO Multi-Country Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health and yielded 2 52 198 singleton births of at least 34 weeks in 2010-2011...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588967/who-multi-country-survey-on-abortion-related-morbidity-and-mortality-in-health-facilities-study-protocol
#11
Caron R Kim, Özge Tunçalp, Bela Ganatra, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
INTRODUCTION: According to the WHO, abortion accounts for about 8% (4.7-13.2) of maternal mortality worldwide. In 2010, the WHO Multi-Country Survey (MCS) on Maternal and Newborn Health collected data on over 300 000 women who were admitted in health facilities to receive pregnancy-related care. Abortion data were partially captured by centring on severe maternal outcomes (ie, near-miss or maternal deaths). Building on the experiences of the prior MCS as well as current WHO reproductive health projects, we are undertaking a multi-country survey to better capture the burden and severity of abortion-related complications and management among women presenting to the health facilities...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588954/-women-and-babies-are-dying-but-not-of-ebola-the-effect-of-the-ebola-virus-epidemic-on-the-availability-uptake-and-outcomes-of-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-in-sierra-leone
#12
Susan A Jones, Somasundari Gopalakrishnan, Charles A Ameh, Sarah White, Nynke R van den Broek
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the impact of the Ebola virus epidemic on the availability, uptake and outcome of routine maternity services in Sierra Leone. METHODS: The number of antenatal and postnatal visits, institutional births, availability of emergency obstetric care (EmOC), maternal deaths and stillbirths were assessed by month, by districts and by level of healthcare for 10 months during, and 12 months prior to, the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538239/how-to-save-1-million-lives-in-a-year-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Colm P Travers, Wally A Carlo
Despite major improvements in reducing childhood mortality worldwide, over 5 million pregnancies per year end in stillbirths or neonatal deaths. The vast majority of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Many of these deaths are preventable with readily available evidence-based care practices. This review focuses on educational programs developed to reduce preventable deaths in newborn infants in low- and middle-income countries, including Essential Newborn Care and Helping Babies Breathe, a simplified version of the Neonatal Resuscitation Program...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527266/-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-perinatal-asphyxia-in-neonates-at-the-hospital-universitario-del-valle-cali-colombia-2010-2011
#14
Javier Torres-Muñoz, Christian Rojas, Diana Mendoza-Urbano, Darly Marín-Cuero, Sandra Orobio, Carlos Echandía
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal asphyxia is one of the main causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide and it generates high costs for health systems; however, it has modifiable risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with the development of perinatal asphyxia in newborns at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incident cases and concurrent controls were examined. Cases were defined as newborns with moderate to severe perinatal asphyxia who were older than or equal to 36 weeks of gestational age, needed advanced resuscitation and presented one of the following: early neurological disorders, multi-organ commitment or a sentinel event...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526027/description-of-inter-institutional-referrals-after-admission-for-labor-and-delivery-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#15
Archana B Patel, Amber Abhijeet Prakash, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Yamini V Pusdekar, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Indian government introduced financial assistance to encourage health facility deliveries. Facility births have increased, but maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality have not decreased raising questions about the quality of care provided in facilities and access to a quality referral system. We evaluated the potential role of inter-institutional transfers of women admitted for labor and delivery on adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in an ongoing prospective, population-based Maternal and Newborn Health Registry in Central India...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524216/-update-on-congenital-and-neonatal-herpes-infections-infection-due-to-cytomegalovirus-and-herpes-simplex
#16
F Baquero-Artigao
Newborn infants are a population which is especially susceptible to viral infections that frequently affect the central nervous system. Herpes infections can be transmitted to the foetus and to the newborn infant, and give rise to severe clinical conditions with long-term sensory and cognitive deficits. Two thirds of newborn infants with encephalitis due to herpes simplex virus and half of the children with symptomatic congenital infection by cytomegalovirus develop sequelae, which results in high community health costs in the long term...
May 17, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513837/maternal-near-miss-in-low-resource-areas
#17
Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Ali, Janet L Moore, Adrien Lokangako, Antoinette Tshefu, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad Goudar, Bhalachandra Kodkany, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nsyonge, Margo S Harrison, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Richard J Derman, Patricia L Hibberd, Edward A Liechty, Dennis D Wallace, Jose M Belizan, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Waldemar A Carlo, Alan H Jobe, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Global Network Near-Miss Maternal Mortality System and its application in seven sites. METHODS: In a population-based study, pregnant women eligible for enrollment in the Maternal and Newborn Health Registry at seven sites (Democratic Republic of the Congo; Guatemala; Belagavi and Nagpur, India; Kenya; Pakistan; and Zambia) between January 2014 and April 2016 were screened to identify those likely to have a near-miss event. The WHO maternal near-miss criteria were modified for low-resource settings...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513352/what-impact-does-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-have-on-neonatal-deaths-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-countries-evidence-from-bangladesh
#18
Tasnima Akter, Angela Dawson, David Sibbritt
We investigated the contribution of antenatal and postnatal care in reducing the risk of neonatal deaths in Bangladesh. The effects of these services were examined using adjusted Cox regression models and secondary data with 7,314 live-born infants. We observed that neonatal mortality was significantly decreased for newborns whose mothers' attended antenatal care services but postnatal care did not show any effect. Health promotion programs offering antenatal care in Bangladesh and other low- and lower-middle-income countries may build awareness about these practices...
May 17, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491127/global-initiatives-in-maternal-and-newborn-health
#19
Vanessa Brizuela, Özge Tunçalp
In 2015, 17 sustainable development goals were established for 2030. These global goals aim to ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all. In support of the sustainable development goals, the World Health Organization proposed a new global strategy for women's, children's, and adolescents' health in 2016 with three overarching objectives: to survive, to thrive, and to transform. We are now globally seeking not only to end preventable deaths but also to ensure health and wellbeing, and expand enabling environments...
March 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489890/unmasking-inequalities-sub-national-maternal-and-child-mortality-data-from-two-urban-slums-in-lagos-nigeria-tells-the-story
#20
Erin Anastasi, Ekanem Ekanem, Olivia Hill, Agnes Adebayo Oluwakemi, Oluwatosin Abayomi, Andrea Bernasconi
INTRODUCTION: Nigeria has one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world as well as high perinatal mortality. Unfortunately, the country does not have the resources to assess this critical indicator with the conventional health information system and measuring its progress toward the goal of ending preventable maternal deaths is almost impossible. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) conducted a cross-sectional study to assess maternal and perinatal mortality in Makoko Riverine and Badia East, two of the most vulnerable slums of Lagos...
2017: PloS One
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