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Newborn and health and mortality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456590/delayed-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-bukavu-south-kivu-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438516/are-trained-delivery-assistants-better-than-non-trained-personnel-in-practicing-essential-newborn-care-in-home-deliveries-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-bangladesh
#2
Mohammad Rifat Haider, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Farahnaz Islam, M Mahmud Khan
Background: In Bangladesh, the neonatal mortality rate has remained relatively high at 23 deaths per 1000 live births. Consistent adoption of essential newborn care (ENC) practices should lower this rate significantly. This study assessed whether the presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) in home deliveries improved ENC practices in Bangladesh. Methods: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014 on mothers who reported home birth in the previous 3 y was utilized (n=2761 out of 4904 total births)...
February 9, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437491/human-donor-milk-or-formula-a-qualitative-study-of-maternal-perspectives-on-supplementation
#3
Molly R Rabinowitz, Laura R Kair, Heather L Sipsma, Carrie A Phillipi, Ilse A Larson
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is fundamental to maternal and child health and is the most cost-effective intervention to reduce child mortality. Pasteurized human donor milk (HDM) is increasingly provided for term newborns requiring temporary supplementation. Few studies examine maternal perspectives on supplementation of term newborns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted semistructured in-person interviews with mothers of term newborns (n = 24) during postpartum hospitalization...
February 13, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433703/low-dose-aspirin-for-the-prevention-of-preeclampsia
#4
Heidi Collins Fantasia
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder specific to pregnancy that remains a significant cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Identification of women who are most at risk for preeclampsia is imprecise. Because of the potential negative health consequences of preeclampsia for women and newborns and the lack of effective screening mechanisms preventing preeclampsia is an important component of prenatal care. Researchers have documented that low-dose aspirin, taken daily after the first trimester, can decrease the development of preeclampsia and reduce the incidence of preterm birth and birth of small-for-gestational-age infants...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431229/utilization-of-health-care-services-by-young-children-the-aftermath-of-the-turkish-health-transformation-program
#5
Asena Caner, Deniz Karaoğlan, Gülbiye Yaşar
The Turkish Health Transformation Program, initiated in 2003, has identified achieving universal access to health care as 1 of its main tenets. To date, substantial progress has been made toward universal health coverage. Service utilization statistics display an upward trend. In this study, we use official and nationally representative microdata collected by the Turkish Health Research Surveys to examine young children's (ages 0-5) utilization of health services. Children in this age group deserve special attention because adverse health conditions in early childhood are known to have long-time consequences...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423186/assessment-of-health-facility-capacity-to-provide-newborn-care-in-bangladesh-haiti-malawi-senegal-and-tanzania
#6
Rebecca Winter, Jennifer Yourkavitch, Wenjuan Wang, Lindsay Mallick
Background: Despite the importance of health facility capacity to provide comprehensive care, the most widely used indicators for global monitoring of maternal and child health remain contact measures which assess women's use of services only and not the capacity of health facilities to provide those services; there is a gap in monitoring health facilities' capacity to provide newborn care services in low and middle income countries. Methods: In this study we demonstrate a measurable framework for assessing health facility capacity to provide newborn care using open access, nationally-representative Service Provision Assessment (SPA) data from the Demographic Health Surveys Program...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423185/does-health-facility-service-environment-matter-for-the-receipt-of-essential-newborn-care-linking-health-facility-and-household-survey-data-in-malawi
#7
Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Vrinda Mehra, Agbessi Amouzou, Shane M Khan, Lara Vaz, Tanya Guenther, Maggie Kalino, Nabila Zaka
Background: Health facility service environment is an important factor for newborns survival and well-being in general and in particular in high mortality settings such as Malawi where despite high coverage of essential interventions, neonatal mortality remains high. The aim of this study is to assess whether the quality of the health service environment at birth is associated with quality of care received by the newborn. Methods: We used data from the Malawi Millennium Development Goals Endline household survey conducted as part of MICS survey program and Service Provision Assessment Survey carried out in 2014...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423184/postnatal-care-for-newborns-in-bangladesh-the-importance-of-health-related-factors-and-location
#8
Kavita Singh, Paul Brodish, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Taposh Kumar Biswas, Eunsoo Timothy Kim, Christine Godwin, Allisyn Moran
Background: Bangladesh achieved Millennium Development Goal 4, a two thirds reduction in under-five mortality from 1990 to 2015. However neonatal mortality remains high, and neonatal deaths now account for 62% of under-five deaths in Bangladesh. The objective of this paper is to understand which newborns in Bangladesh are receiving postnatal care (PNC), a set of interventions with the potential to reduce neonatal mortality. Methods: Using data from the Bangladesh Maternal Mortality Survey (BMMS) 2010 we conducted logistic regression analysis to understand what socio-economic and health-related factors were associated with early postnatal care (PNC) by day 2 and PNC by day 7...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423181/skilled-attendant-at-birth-and-newborn-survival-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Agbessi Amouzou, Meng Ziqi, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, John Quinley
Background: Recent studies have shown higher neonatal mortality among births delivered by a skilled attendant at birth (SAB) compared to those who were not in sub-Saharan African countries. Deaths during the neonatal period are concentrated in the first 7 days of life, with about one third of these deaths occurring during the first day of life. We reassessed the relationship between SAB and neonatal mortality by distinguishing deaths on the first day of life from those on days 2-27. Methods: We used data on births in the past five years from recent demographic and health survey (DHS) between 2010 and 2014 in 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423178/gap-between-contact-and-content-in-maternal-and-newborn-care-an-analysis-of-data-from-20-countries-in-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Vrinda Mehra, Meng Ziqi, Nabila Zaka, Holly Newby
Background: Over the last decade, coverage of maternal and newborn health indicators used for global monitoring and reporting have increased substantially but reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality have remained slow. This has led to an increased recognition and concern that these standard globally agreed upon measures of antenatal care (ANC), skilled birth attendance (SBA) and postnatal care (PNC) only capture the level of contacts with the health system and provide little indication of actual content of services received by mothers and their newborns...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412414/analysis-of-cases-of-gestational-and-congenital-syphilis-between-2008-and-2010-in-fortaleza-state-of-cear%C3%A3-brazil
#11
Ana Rita Paulo Cardoso, Maria Alix Leite Araújo, Maria do Socorro Cavalcante, Mirna Albuquerque Frota, Simone Paes de Melo
This study analyzes the reported cases of syphilis in pregnant women and the possible outcomes for fetuses and the newborn in Fortaleza, Ceará. It is a cross-sectional study that analyzed 175 reported cases of syphilis in pregnant women matched with the corresponding reports of congenital syphilis during the years 2008-2010. Descriptive statistics with absolute and relative frequencies, central tendency and dispersion measures, and the Pearson's chi-square test were used to analyze the statistical significance using the p-value <0...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412326/-hospitalizations-due-to-complications-of-pregnancy-and-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-the-brazilian-unified-national-health-system-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Barbara Laisa Alves Moura, Gizelton Pereira Alencar, Zilda Pereira da Silva, Marcia Furquim de Almeida
Maternal morbidity, fetal mortality, and neonatal mortality are important indicators of maternal and child health. The study aimed to describe maternal and perinatal outcomes (low birth weight, prematurity, fetal and neonatal deaths, postpartum hospitalizations, and readmission of newborns) in a cohort of pregnant women whose deliveries were covered by the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in the second semester of 2012. We obtained a retrospective cohort of 55,404 pregnant women with deterministic and probabilistic linkage of data from the Hospital Information System of the SUS (SIH/SUS), Information System on Live Births (SINASC), Mortality Information System (SIM), and National Registry of Health Establishments (CNES) databases...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409528/approaches-towards-improving-the-quality-of-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-in-south-asia-challenges-and-opportunities-for-healthcare-systems
#13
REVIEW
Naeem Uddin Mian, Muhammad Adeel Alvi, Mariam Zahid Malik, Sarosh Iqbal, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar, Shehzad Hussain Awan, Faryal Shahid, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry, Florian Fischer
BACKGROUND: South Asia is experiencing a dismal state of maternal and newborn health (MNH) as the region has been falling behind in reducing the levels of maternal and neonatal mortality. Most of the efforts are focused on enhancing coverage of MNH services; however, quality remains a serious concern if the region is to achieve expected outcomes in terms of standardised MNH services within healthcare delivery systems. This research consists of a review of South Asian quality improvement (QI) approaches/interventions, specifically implemented for MNH improvement...
February 6, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408912/effect-of-maternal-height-on-caesarean-section-and-neonatal-mortality-rates-in-sub-saharan-africa-an-analysis-of-34-national-datasets
#14
Esther Arendt, Neha S Singh, Oona M R Campbell
RATIONALE: The lifecycle perspective reminds us that the roots of adult ill-health may start in-utero or in early childhood. Nutritional and infectious disease insults in early life, the critical first 1000 days, are associated with stunting in childhood, and subsequent short adult stature. There is limited or no opportunity for stunted children above 2 years of age to experience catch-up growth. Some previous research has shown short maternal height to lead to adverse birth outcomes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408270/gaba-function-may-be-related-to-the-impairment-of-learning-and-memory-caused-by-systemic-prenatal-hypoxia-ischemia
#15
Marta Cristina Cunha-Rodrigues, Cassiana Thayara do Nascimento Balduci, Frank Tenório, Penha Cristina Barradas
Intrauterine adverse conditions may be responsible for long-lasting damages which impact health even during adult phase. Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) events are a relevant cause of newborn mortality and the principal factor leading to permanent brain lesions. Using a model in which the ovarian and uterine flux of a pregnant rat is obstructed for 45 minutes we have described oligodendrocyte death, astrogliosis and neuronal loss. In this work we investigated hippocampal neuronal population and performed a functional evaluation of memory and learning of young rats that had been affected by prenatal HI...
February 3, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395277/shorter-telomere-length-in-cord-blood-associated-with-prenatal-air-pollution-exposure-benefits-of-intervention
#16
Frederica Perera, Chia-Jung Lin, Lirong Qu, Deliang Tang
BACKGROUND: To examine the molecular benefits of the government action to close the local coal burning power plant in Tongliang County, Chongqing Municipality, we compared biologic markers and health outcomes in two successive birth cohorts enrolled before and after the plant was shut down. In this city, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) were primarily emitted by the coal burning facility. We previously reported that cord blood levels of PAH-DNA adducts (a biomarker of exposure) and various adverse health outcomes were reduced in the second cohort, whereas levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor/BDNF (a protein involved in neuronal growth) were increased...
January 19, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#17
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395268/countdown-to-2030-tracking-progress-towards-universal-coverage-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health
#18
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Building upon the successes of Countdown to 2015, Countdown to 2030 aims to support the monitoring and measurement of women's, children's, and adolescents' health in the 81 countries that account for 95% of maternal and 90% of all child deaths worldwide. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, the rate of decline in prevalence of maternal and child mortality, stillbirths, and stunting among children younger than 5 years of age needs to accelerate considerably compared with progress since 2000...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393025/-intrauterine-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-newborns
#19
Peter Bill-Juul Ladegaard, Lars Rasmussen, Gitte Zachariassen
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe disorder associated with increased morbidity and mortality when found in premature infants. This report is about two cases of NEC initiated in utero but without a prior knowledge to neither parents nor health professionals. Both cases had similar courses postnatally, which included abdominal distension and nutritional problems. The surgical findings: case I was a classical NEC in 20-25 cm of distal ileum, and case II was a 1.5-cm necrosis with perforation in proximal ileum...
January 29, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373601/transcriptional-changes-detected-in-fecal-rna-of-neonatal-dairy-calves-undergoing-a-mild-diarrhea-are-associated-with-inflammatory-biomarkers
#20
Fernanda Rosa, Sebastiano Busato, Fatima C Avaroma, Kali Linville, Erminio Trevisi, Johan S Osorio, Massimo Bionaz
After birth, a newborn calf has to adapt to an extrauterine life characterized by several physiological changes. In particular, maturation of the gastrointestinal tract in a new environment loaded with potential pathogens, which can predispose neonatal calves to develop diarrhea, and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during the first 4 wks of life. We aimed to investigate the inflammatory adaptations at a transcriptomic level in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract to a mild diarrhea in neonatal dairy calves using RNA isolated from fresh fecal samples...
2018: PloS One
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