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Syed Mustafa Ali, Farah Naureen, Arif Noor, Irum Fatima, Kerri Viney, Muhammad Ishaq, Naveed Anjum, Aamna Rashid, Ghulam Rasool Haider, Muhammad Aamir Khan, Javariya Aamir
BACKGROUND: Researchers and policy-makers have identified loss to follow-up as a major programmatic problem. Therefore, the objective of this study is to quantify TB related pre-treatment loss to follow up and treatment delay in private sector health care facilities in Pakistan. METHODS: This was a retrospective, descriptive cohort study using routinely collected programmatic data from TB referral, diagnosis and treatment registers. Data from 48 private healthcare facilities were collected using an online questionnaire prepared in ODK Collect, for the period October 2015 to March 2016...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
F Owusu-Nimo, J Mantey, K B Nyarko, Eugene Appiah-Effah, A Aubynn
Recently, there have been efforts by stakeholders to monitor illegal mining ( galamsey) activities, foster their formalization and reclaim the many abandoned wastelands in Ghana. However, limited information exists on the locations, abundance, scope and scale of galamsey types, which hinders the development of effective policy response. This study attempts to map and analyze the distribution patterns, abundance, activity statuses and the extents of nine (9) galamsey types within eleven (11) Municipal and District Assemblies (MDAs) of Ghana's Western Region...
February 2018: Heliyon
Charfudin Sacoor, Beth Payne, Orvalho Augusto, Faustino Vilanculo, Ariel Nhacolo, Marianne Vidler, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Khátia Munguambe, Tang Lee, Eusébio Macete, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene
Reliable statistics on maternal morbidity and mortality are scarce in low and middle-income countries, especially in rural areas. This is the case in Mozambique where many births happen at home. Furthermore, a sizeable number of facility births have inadequate registration. Such information is crucial for developing effective national and global health policies for maternal and child health. The aim of this study was to generate reliable baseline socio-demographic information on women of reproductive age as well as to establish a demographic surveillance platform to support the planning and implementation of the Community Level Intervention for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) study, a cluster randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Ivan Gayton, Georgios Theocharopoulos, Robin Edwards, Kostas Danis, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, Sumaila M Tejan, Mohamed Sankoh, Augustin Jimissa, Jane Greig, Grazia Caleo
BACKGROUND: During the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, the Magburaka Ebola Management Centre (EMC) operated by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone, identified that available district maps lacked up-to-date village information to facilitate timely implementation of EVD control strategies. In January 2015, we undertook a survey in chiefdoms within the MSF EMC catchment area to collect mapping and village data. We explore the feasibility and cost to mobilise a local community for this survey, describe validation against existing mapping sources and use of the data to prioritise areas for interventions, and lessons learned...
2018: PloS One
Omosivie Maduka, Charles Tobin-West
Background: Researchers have linked gas flaring to climate change, the hastening of the epidemiological transition and an upsurge in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. We sought to determine if a relationship exists between residing in a gas-flaring host community and hypertension. Methods: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional household survey among residents of 600 households in three gas-flaring and three non-gas-flaring host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
Omosivie Maduka, Godwin Akpan, Sylvester Maleghemi
BACKGROUND: Data collection in Sub-Saharan Africa has traditionally been paper-based. However, the popularization of Android mobile devices and data capture software has brought paperless data management within reach. We used Open Data Kit (ODK) technology on Android mobile devices during a household survey in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the pros and cons of deploying ODK for data management. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional household survey was carried out by 6 data collectors between April and May 2016...
November 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Sabuj Kanti Mistry, Fatema Tuz Jhohura, Fouzia Khanam, Fahmida Akter, Safayet Khan, Fakir Md Yunus, Md Belal Hossain, Kaosar Afsana, Md Raisul Haque, Mahfuzar Rahman
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a significant wide spread public health threat especially among the adolescent girls who are more vulnerable towards low level of hemoglobin particularly of low and middle income countries (LMICs). We investigated the prevalence of anemia among the adolescent girls (10-19 years) in Bangladesh and its socio-demographics distribution. METHODS: We collected data digitally in ODK platform from a sub-sample of a nationwide cross-sectional survey of 1314 adolescent girls in 2015...
2017: BMC Hematology
Sarah Style, B James Beard, Helen Harris-Fry, Aman Sengupta, Sonali Jha, Bhim P Shrestha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Meelan Thondoo, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
The increasing availability and capabilities of mobile phones make them a feasible means of data collection. Electronic Data Capture (EDC) systems have been used widely for public health monitoring and surveillance activities, but documentation of their use in complicated research studies requiring multiple systems is limited. This paper shares our experiences of designing and implementing a complex multi-component EDC system for a community-based four-armed cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial in the rural plains of Nepal, to help other researchers planning to use EDC for complex studies in low-income settings...
2017: Global Health Action
Bahar Hashemi, Sara Ali, Rania Awaad, Laila Soudi, Lawrence Housel, Stephen J Sosebee
BACKGROUND: War-torn populations are often hard to screen for mental health disorders. Classical data collection approaches, such as paper-based, online, or SMS-operated, are either infeasible or lack accuracy due to a variety of challenges associated with dynamics and consequences of war. METHODS: In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for accurate and fast screening using free open-source software, Open Data Kit (ODK) mobile application. This approach was developed by the Palestine Children's Relief Fund (PCRF) to assess the mental health symptoms of 986 Palestinian children (age 6-18) in the aftermath of Israel's Operation Protective Edge (OPE) in 2014...
January 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Peter Cherutich, Matthew Golden, Bourke Betz, Beatrice Wamuti, Anne Ng'ang'a, Peter Maingi, Paul Macharia, Betsy Sambai, Felix Abuna, David Bukusi, Mathew Dunbar, Carey Farquhar
BACKGROUND: The utilization of routine health information systems (HIS) for surveillance of assisted partner services (aPS) for HIV in sub-Saharan is sub-optimal, in part due to poor data quality and limited use of information technology. Consequently, little is known about coverage, scope and quality of HIV aPS. Yet, affordable electronic data tools, software and data transmission infrastructure are now widely accessible in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We designed and implemented a cased-based surveillance system using the HIV testing platform in 18 health facilities in Kenya...
July 20, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Chikashi Yoshida, Hirohisa Nakamae, Linda Fletcher, Daisuke Koga, Takayuki Sogabe, Itaru Matsumura, Yuzuru Kanakura, Susan Branford, Tomoki Naoe
BACKGROUND: Detection and quantitation of BCR-ABL1 transcripts are crucial for managing patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Although real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) can be measured on an International Scale (IS), this has not become fully universal. By using a WHO international standard panel established for calibrating secondary standards based on the IS, we have previously developed an RT-qPCR kit, ODK-1201, for quantification of major BCR-ABL1. RESULTS: In this study, the reliability of kit-specific conversion factor 1...
2016: SpringerPlus
Sumiko Kobayashi, Yasunori Ueda, Yasuhito Nannya, Hirohiko Shibayama, Hideto Tamura, Kiyoyuki Ogata, Yoshiki Akatsuka, Kensuke Usuki, Yoshikazu Ito, Masaya Okada, Takahiro Suzuki, Tomoko Hata, Akira Matsuda, Kaoru Tohyama, Keiji Kakumoto, Daisuke Koga, Kinuko Mitani, Tomoki Naoe, Haruo Sugiyama, Fumimaro Takaku
BACKGROUND: This present study was designed to follow up 82 patients among 115 MDS patients registered in study ODK-0801 for 5 years, to analyze the relationship between the WT1 mRNA expression level and prognosis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical utility of WT1 mRNA expression levels. METHODS: After study ODK-0801, we investigated the conditions of the same patients once a year, including any clinical and laboratory findings supporting the diagnosis, and treatment among the living patients...
March 31, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Andreas Steiner, Jerry Hella, Servan Grüninger, Grace Mhalu, Francis Mhimbira, Colin I Cercamondi, Basra Doulla, Nicolas Maire, Lukas Fenner
OBJECTIVE: A software tool is developed to facilitate data entry and to monitor research projects in under-resourced countries in real-time. METHODS: The eManagement tool "odk_planner" is written in the scripting languages PHP and Python. The odk_planner is lightweight and uses minimal internet resources. It was designed to be used with the open source software Open Data Kit (ODK). The users can easily configure odk_planner to meet their needs, and the online interface displays data collected from ODK forms in a graphically informative way...
September 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Hirohisa Nakamae, Chikashi Yoshida, Yasuhiko Miyata, Michihiro Hidaka, Naokuni Uike, Daisuke Koga, Takayuki Sogabe, Itaru Matsumura, Yuzuru Kanakura, Tomoki Naoe
The current first-line therapy of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is based on tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Diagnostic kits that are capable of identifying at least a 4.5 log reduction in the international scale % BCR-ABL/ABL (IS % BCR-ABL/ABL) are needed for use in the clinical evaluation of deeper molecular response to treatment and to determine the timing of dose selection or treatment interruption during the course of treatment. In this study, we evaluated the performance of a new diagnostic kit, ODK-1201, designed to be capable of performing reverse transcription and quantitative PCR in a single tube for the quantitation of major BCR-ABL mRNA...
September 2015: International Journal of Hematology
Carina King, Jenny Hall, Masford Banda, James Beard, Jon Bird, Peter Kazembe, Ed Fottrell
BACKGROUND: As hardware for electronic data capture (EDC), such as smartphones or tablets, becomes cheaper and more widely available, the potential for using such hardware as data capture tools in routine healthcare and research is increasing. OBJECTIVE: We aim to highlight the advantages and disadvantages of four EDC systems being used simultaneously in rural Malawi: two for Android devices (CommCare and ODK Collect), one for PALM and Windows OS (Pendragon), and a custom-built application for Android (Mobile InterVA--MIVA)...
2014: Global Health Action
Chrispin Kabuya, Graham Wright, Anthony Odama, Don O'Mahoney
The research team needed to upsize the solution previously tested so that it could expand the routine data collected via tablet computers. The research team identified the general flow of data within clinics. Data was mainly collected from registers, which were later converted to electronic form and checked for duplication. A database was designed for the collection of demographic data (Patient Master Index), which was aimed at eliminating duplication of patients' data in several registers. Open Data Kit (ODK) Collect was setup on Android tablets for collecting disease related routine data, while ODK Aggregate as the storage and aggregates of data captured by ODK Collect and the Patient Master Index for demographic data, were setup on an Apple Mini Mac server...
2014: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
A Raja, A Tridane, A Gaffar, T Lindquist, K Pribadi
Periodic collection of field data, analysis and interpretation of data are key to a good healthcare service. This data is used by the subsequent decision makers to recognize preventive measures, provide timely support to the affected and to help measure the effects of their interventions. While the resources required for good disease surveillance and proactive healthcare are available more readily in developed countries, the lack of these in developing countries may compromise the quality of service provided...
2014: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Muneki Hotomi, Akihisa Togawa, Shin Takei, Gen Sugita, Rinya Sugita, Masamitsu Kono, Yutaka Fujimaki, Yosuke Kamide, Akihiro Uchizono, Keiko Kanesada, Shoichi Sawada, Naohiro Okitsu, Yumi Tanaka, Yoko Saijo, Noboru Yamanaka
Since the incidence of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae has been increasing at an astonishing rate throughout the world, the need for accurate and rapid identification of pneumococci has become increasingly important to determine the appropriate antimicrobial treatment. We have evaluated an immunochromatographic test (ODK-0901) that detects pneumococcal antigens using 264 middle ear fluids (MEFs) and 268 nasopharyngeal secretions (NPSs). A sample was defined to contain S. pneumoniae when optochin and bile sensitive alpha hemolytic streptococcal colonies were isolated by culture...
2012: PloS One
Kazunari Murakami, Tomoari Kamada, Hiroki Ishikawa, Hiroshi Imamura, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Minoru Fujita, Ken-Ichi Tarumi, Akiko Shiotani, Kazuhiro Mizukami, Seiji Shiota, Tadayoshi Okimoto, Masaaki Kodama, Ayako Akiyoshi, Tetsuya Oda, Atsunari Noda, Jiro Hata, Ken Haruma, Toshio Fujioka
BACKGROUND: ODK-0702 is a stick-type urinary Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antibodies detection kit, developed to improve the original housing type urinary H. pylori antibodies detection kit "RAPIRUN H. pylori Antibody". This stick-type kit is designed for the efficient daily medical practice at hospital or clinic, public or school health checkup, to detect H. pylori infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance and correlation of this kit with the original kit and the ELISA kit...
2011: Clinical Laboratory
V F Sahach, A V Kotsiuruba, O V Baziliuk, O F Mehed', L H Stepanenko
It has been studied an action of chronic urea introduction (40 mg/kg, 14 and 28 days) as arginase inhibitor on nonoxidative (arginase activity, urea, polyamines content) and oxidative (NOS activity, nitrite- and nitrate-anion content) metabolism of L-arginine in aorta, heart, plasma and erythrocytes of SHR. It has been shown that urea is an inhibitor of not arginase only, but also ornitinedecarboxilase (ODK) reactions, limiting L-arginine consumption for urea and polyamines synthesis and thus facilitating its utilization for nitric oxide synthesis by NOS...
2004: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
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