keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Atopy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727568/atopy-as-a-risk-factor-for-subclinical-hypothyroidism-development-in-children
#1
Marcella Pedullà, Giuseppina Rosaria Umano, Vincenzo Fierro, Francesco Capuano, Anna Di Sessa, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice
BACKGROUND: Increased thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) serum concentration can be a marker of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) or transient hyperthyrotropinemia. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether high serum TSH concentrations in allergic children could represent true SCH or isolated and transient hyperthyrotropinemia. METHODS: We enrolled 620 allergic children (1.11-12.8 years) consecutively attending to our department. They were classified as atopics and non-atopics on the basis of the atopy work-up and, at baseline, they were investigated for thyroid function and low-grade inflammation state...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722362/-transient-hypogammaglobulinemia-of-infancy
#2
Felicitas Bellutti Enders, Francesca Conti, Fabio Candotti, Federica Angelini
Transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy is characterized as a reduction of one or more classes of immunoglobulins with a response to vaccines and normal subpopulations of lymphocytes B presenting in the first years of life. The diagnosis is made a posteriori, once the levels of immunoglobulins are normalized, in general between 2 and 4 years of age. Clinical presentation varies : the child may be either asymptomatic or present with recurrent infections, atopy and / or auto-immunity. There are no clinical or immunological features that distinguish this condition from a common variable immunodeficiency (CVID)...
April 5, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720399/prenatal-and-postnatal-administration-of-prebiotics-and-probiotics
#3
REVIEW
Kristin Sohn, Mark A Underwood
Colonization of the neonatal gut by beneficial bacteria is important for the establishment and maintenance of the mucosal barrier, thus protecting the neonate from enteric pathogens and local and systemic inflammation. The neonatal microbiome is influenced by infant diet, environment, and the maternal microbiome. Dysbiosis in pregnancy increases the risk of pre-eclampsia, diabetes, infection, preterm labor, and later childhood atopy. Dysbiosis of the neonatal gut plays an important role in colic in the term infant, in the disease processes which plague preterm infants, including necrotizing enterocolitis and sepsis, and in the long-term outcomes of neonates...
July 15, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720398/perinatal-and-neonatal-use-of-paracetamol-for-pain-relief
#4
REVIEW
Karel Allegaert, John N van den Anker
Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the most widely used drug to treat pain or fever in pregnant women or neonates, but its pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) warrant a focused analysis. During pregnancy, there is an important increase in paracetamol clearance. Consequently, it is reasonable to anticipate that the analgesic effect of paracetamol will decrease faster, whereas higher doses may result in even higher oxidative toxic metabolites. Therefore, most peripartal PD data relate to multimodal analgesia strategies...
July 15, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720381/tolerance-to-baked-and-fermented-cow-s-milk-in-children-with-ige-mediated-and-non-ige-mediated-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-patients-under-two-years-of-age
#5
A Uncuoglu, N Yologlu, I E Simsek, Z S Uyan, M Aydogan
BACKGROUND: IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy (CMA) has been shown consistent in milder heated-milk tolerant and severe heated-milk reactant groups in patients older than two years. Little is known whether fermentation of milk gives rise to similar clinical phenotypes. We aimed to determine the influence of extensively heated and fermented cow's milk on the IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated CMA in children younger than two years. METHODS: Subjects followed with the diagnosis of IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated CMA for at least six months underwent unheated milk challenge...
July 15, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716364/the-influence-of-breastfeeding-in-breast-fed-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis
#6
Hao-Pai Lin, Bor-Luen Chiang, Hsin-Hui Yu, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Li-Chieh Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breastfeeding should be discontinued for exclusively breast-fed infants with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: Eighty-seven exclusively breast-fed infants with AD were enrolled in a prospective observational study. The infants were divided into 3 groups: breastfeeding only (BM group), partial breastfeeding and partial partially hydrolyzed whey formula (pHF-W) (Partial group) and pHF-W only (DC group). The extent and severity of AD were evaluated with the Patient-Oriented SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (PO-SCORAD) index at enrollment and 3 and 6 months later...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709571/timing-of-food-introduction-and-atopy-prevention
#7
Malika Gupta, Scott H Sicherer
The apparent increase in atopic disease, particularly food allergy, over the past 2 decades has resulted in reconsideration of prevention strategies aimed at the infant's diet. Early advice to have atopy-prone infants delay ingestion of potential food allergens, such as egg, cow's milk, and peanut, was rescinded, as new evidence emerged that did not support these approaches. More recently, randomized controlled trials have provided data to support an opposite strategy, promoting early ingestion of allergens as a means of food allergy prevention...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709566/selected-comorbidities-of-atopic-dermatitis-atopy-neuropsychiatric-and-musculoskeletal-disorders
#8
Jonathan I Silverberg
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic inflammatory skin disease with substantial morbidity and quality of life impairment. There are a number of comorbid health problems that occur in patients with AD, aside from the cutaneous signs and symptoms. Chronic pruritus and inflammation can lead to sleep disturbances and mental health symptoms, which are not mutually exclusive. AD is associated with and may predispose to higher risk of other atopic disorders, including asthma and hay fever. Persons with AD appear to be at higher risk for multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, speech disorders in childhood, headaches, and seizures...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709564/current-and-emerging-concepts-in-atopic-dermatitis-pathogenesis
#9
Marguerite Sullivan, Nanette B Silverberg
Atopic dermatitis is a common skin disorder with a complex, evolving pathogenesis. Research on the pathogenesis has shifted from focusing primarily on generalized immune system abnormalities in T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) activity to more targeted immune and skin barrier abnormalities contributing to the overall phenotype. Specific signaling pathways recently implicated in atopic dermatitis include production of interleukin (IL) 4 and IL-13, which promote immunoglobulin E production, Th17 and Th22 cells, and production of cytokines...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709563/the-history-of-atopic-dermatitis
#10
Owen N Kramer, Mark A Strom, Barry Ladizinski, Peter A Lio
Fred Wise (1881-1950) and Marion Sulzberger (1895-1983) are often credited with introducing the term atopic dermatitis to dermatology in 1933. This definition was based on atopy, a term first created by Arthur Coca (1875-1959) and Robert Cooke (1880-1960) in 1923, when they recognized an association between allergic rhinitis and asthma. Despite its recent introduction into our medical lexicon, historical precursors of atopic dermatitis date back to at least as early as 69-140 ce. In this contribution, we highlight both the prominent individuals credited with shaping the disorder into our current interpretation and the suspected historical precursors of this disease and reported treatments...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708708/atopy-in-elite-endurance-athletes
#11
Renata N Teixeira, Gerson Dos Santos Leite, Matteo Bonini, Renata Gorjão, Rosana C Agondi, Cristina M Kokron, Celso R F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of atopy (specific IgE levels), to evaluate the allergic symptoms using the Allergy Questionnaire for Athletes (AQUA), and to determine whether atopy is associated with allergic symptoms in elite endurance athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Assessments were performed at Hospital das Clinicas-São Paulo University Medical School. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine elite endurance athletes (triathletes and runners)...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706720/endotype-driven-treatment-in-chronic-upper-airway-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Glynnis De Greve, Peter W Hellings, Wytske J Fokkens, Benoit Pugin, Brecht Steelant, Sven F Seys
Rhinitis and rhinosinusitis are the two major clinical entities of chronic upper airway disease. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and allergic rhinitis (AR) affect respectively up to 10 and 30% of the total population, hence being associated with an important socio-economic burden. Different phenotypes of rhinitis and CRS have been described based on symptom severity and duration, atopy status, level of control, comorbidities and presence or absence of nasal polyps in CRS. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are diverse, with different, and sometimes overlapping, endotypes being recognized...
2017: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704185/phenotypes-determined-by-cluster-analysis-in-moderate-to-severe-bronchial-asthma
#13
Vania M Youroukova, Denitsa G Dimitrova, Anna D Valerieva, Spaska S Lesichkova, Tsvetelina V Velikova, Ekaterina I Ivanova-Todorova, Kalina D Tumangelova-Yuzeir
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a heterogeneous disease that includes various subtypes. They may share similar clinical characteristics, but probably have different pathological mechanisms. AIM: To identify phenotypes using cluster analysis in moderate to severe bronchial asthma and to compare differences in clinical, physiological, immunological and inflammatory data between the clusters. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty adult patients with moderate to severe bronchial asthma out of exacerbation were included...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700564/long-term-effects-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-serum-specific-immunoglobulin-e
#14
Lijuan Song, Jinfei Guo, Wenjing Liao, Peichang Ye, Li Liu, Tao Chen, Pingchang Yang, Nanshan Zhong, Baoqing Sun, Xiaowen Zhang
BACKGROUND: The biased immune reactions of the adenotonsillar tissues are not always reflected by the serum IgE; thus, we hypothesize that the systemic atopic status may not be changed after the adenotonsillectomy (AT) in children. METHODS: Twenty-five with AT and 23 age-matched healthy childrenwere enrolled into this study, followed-up approximately 4 years. Nasal Symptoms Scores (NSS), Quality of Life Scores (QOLS), specific IgE (sIgE), cytokines, and inflammatory cell were documented in all the subjects before and after study...
July 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698747/association-among-thyroid-dysfunction-asthma-allergic-rhinitis-and-eczema-in-children-with-alopecia-areata
#15
Javad Ghaffari, Ghasem Rahmatpour Rokni, Armaghan Kazeminejad, Hosein Abedi
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata is a non-scarring hair loss, which typically starts quickly. Atopy is one of the possible predisposing risk factors for this condition. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid disease, atopic dermatitis and allergic diseases in children with alopecia areata and compare the results with healthy individuals. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on 50 patients with alopecia areata, diagnosed by a dermatologist, and 150 healthy individuals as the control group...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692864/serum-il-10-il-17-and-il-23-levels-as-bioumoral-bridges-between-dyslipidemia-and-atopy
#16
S Manti, S Leonardi, I Panasiti, T Arrigo, C Salpietro, C Cuppari
BACKGROUND: Although several studies suggest a possible link between dyslipidemia and atopy, literature findings are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and atopy in a pediatric population affected by dyslipidemia or dyslipidemia/atopic predisposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children with dyslipidemia, dyslipidemia and atopy as well as healthy children were recruited. Serum total IgE, IL-10, IL-17, and IL-23 levels as well as fasting lipid values (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and triglycerides) were performed on all enrolled children...
July 7, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690615/impact-of-early-life-exposures-to-infections-antibiotics-and-vaccines-on-perinatal-and-long-term-health-and-disease
#17
REVIEW
Steven L Raymond, Jaimar C Rincon, James L Wynn, Lyle L Moldawer, Shawn D Larson
Essentially, all neonates are exposed to infections, antibiotics, or vaccines early in their lives. This is especially true for those neonates born underweight or premature. In contrast to septic adults and children who are at an increased risk for subsequent infections, exposure to infection during the neonatal period is not associated with an increased risk of subsequent infection and may be paradoxically associated with reductions in late-onset sepsis (LOS) in the most premature infants. Perinatal inflammation is also associated with a decreased incidence of asthma and atopy later in life...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689172/raw-milk-consumption-and-other-early-life-farm-exposures-and-adult-pulmonary-function-in-the-agricultural-lung-health-study
#18
Annah B Wyss, John S House, Jane A Hoppin, Marie Richards, John L Hankinson, Stuart Long, Paul K Henneberger, Laura E Beane Freeman, Dale P Sandler, Elizabeth Long O'Connell, Christie Barker Cummings, David M Umbach, Stephanie J London
Literature suggests that early exposure to the farming environment protects against atopy and asthma; few studies have examined pulmonary function. We evaluated associations between early-life farming exposures and pulmonary function in 3061 adults (mean age=63) from a US farming population using linear regression. Childhood raw milk consumption was associated with higher FEV1 (β=49.5 mL, 95% CI 2.8 to 96.1 mL, p=0.04) and FVC (β=66.2 mL, 95% CI 13.2 to 119.1 mL, p=0.01). We did not find appreciable associations with other early-life farming exposures...
July 8, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683485/-therapeutic-options-in-keratoconus
#19
Frederik Raiskup, Janine Lenk, Robert Herber, Zisis Gatzioufas, Eberhard Spörl
A recent epidemiology study revealed that prevalence of keratoconus was much higher than previously assumed. Therefore, it is no longer deemed an "orphan disease", as it has a relevant socioeconomic impact on the healthcare system. One of the most important risk factors for developing keratoconus is chronic eye rubbing which, apart from other known risk factors such as atopy or Down's syndrome, is the only modifiable factor. Informing the patient and offering behavior modifying therapies seems to be essential...
July 6, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681396/association-of-atopy-and-tentative-diagnosis-of-skin-cancer-results-from-occupational-skin-cancer-screenings
#20
I Schäfer, P Mohr, N Zander, R Fölster-Holst, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: The relationship between atopic conditions and carcinoma of the skin has been described inconsistently. Population-based data providing information on atopic diseases as well as on skin-cancer are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between atopy and prevalence of precanceroses, nonmelanoma skin-cancer and malignant melanoma (MM), while taking into account known risk factors for skin cancer. METHODS: Data from occupational skin cancer screenings were analysed in a cross-sectional study...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
keyword
keyword
41793
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"