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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768555/the-relationship-between-atopy-and-neurological-manifestations-in-htlv-1-infection
#1
Raquel Crisóstomo Lima Verde, José Abraão Carneiro Neto, Silvane Maria Braga Santos, Edgar Marcelino Carvalho, Marcus Miranda Lessa
INTRODUCTION: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)induces exaggerated Th1 responses, whereas atopy is associated with exacerbated Th2 responses. METHODS: Here, a cross-sectional study compared the prevalence of atopy in HTLV-1 carriers and HAM/TSP patients. It also compared the spontaneous cytokine production in HTLV-1-infected individuals. A retrospective cohort study evaluated the development of neurological manifestations in atopic and non-atopic carriers...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762208/prevalence-of-atopic-dermatitis-and-pattern-of-drug-therapy-in-malaysian-children
#2
Yi-Yeong Goh, Fazlollah Keshavarzi, Yik Ling Chew
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing, noncontagious skin inflammation characterized by dry skin and itch. Mutation in filaggrin gene leads to defective skin barrier, allowing entry of allergen and eliciting immunological response. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of AD in Malaysian children and to understand the pattern of drug therapy. Such information could be useful to establish the relationship between ethnicity and family history of atopy and the development of associated signs and symptoms...
May 2018: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761786/association-of-a-four-locus-gene-model-including-il13-il4-fcer1b-and-adrb2-with-the-asthma-predictive-index-and-atopy-in-chinese-han-children
#3
S Bai, L Hua, X Wang, Q Liu, Y Bao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Asthma is a complex and heterogeneous disease. We found that gene-gene interactions among IL13 rs20541, IL4 rs2243250, ADRB2 rs1042713, and FCER1B rs569108 in asthmatic children of Chinese Han nationality. This four-locus set constituted an optimal statistical interaction model. Objective: This study examined associations of the four-gene model consisting of IL13, IL4, FCER1B, and ADRB2 with the Asthma Predictive Index (API) and atopy in Chinese Han children...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755960/long-sun-exposures-influencing-high-sub-cutaneous-synthesis-of-vitamin-d3-may-be-associated-with-exacerbation-of-symptoms-in-allergic-asthma
#4
L G D'Cruz, S A Husain, T Wells, C Morgan, P J Stanczyk, A Satgunarajah, J Kashir, B L Calver, L M Blayney, F A Lai
Objectives: Does excessive sun-exposure, non-use of sunscreen and/or high doses of vitamin-D3 supplements provoke exacerbation of asthma? Design: Clinical examinations, retrospective records-access and questionnaire surveys were distributed to a convenience sample of allergic-asthma patient (n=183). Setting: Patients (19-89 years) attending the outpatient respiratory clinics at Maidstone Hospital were enrolled. Results: 90...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Aging Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750895/predictors-and-incidence-of-hospitalization-due-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-associated-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-lrti-in-non-prophylaxed-moderate-to-late-preterm-infants-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#5
Hajrija Maksić, Suada Heljić, Fahrija Skokić, Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina, Veroslava Milošević, Almir Zlatanović, Notario Gerard
Prematurity is a risk factor for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), due to immature humoral and cell-mediated immune system in preterm newborns, as well as their incomplete lung development. Palivizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against the F glycoprotein of RSV, is licensed for the prevention of severe RSV LRTI in children at high risk for the disease. This study is a part of a larger observational, retrospective-prospective epidemiological study (PONI) conducted at 72 sites across 23 countries in the northern temperate zone...
April 27, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748452/influence-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-children-and-adolescents-with-recurrent-headache
#6
Francesco Maria Passali, Maria Carla Spinosi, Giulia Mignacco, Cemal Cingi, Hugo Anibal Rodriguez, Desiderio Passali
INTRODUCTION: Migraine and allergies are a common occurrence. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between respiratory allergy and migraine in childhood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We screened 800 children for headache and its characteristics. After that we investigated the presence of allergy performing prick tests, rhinoscopy, endoscopy, rhinomanometry, cytology and mucociliary clearance tests. RESULTS: Out of 800 children screened, 96 suffered from headache...
April 30, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734711/the-role-of-lipids-in-human-milk-and-infant-formulae
#7
Alessandra Mazzocchi, Veronica D'Oria, Valentina De Cosmi, Silvia Bettocchi, Gregorio Paolo Milani, Marco Silano, Carlo Agostoni
The quantity and quality of dietary lipids in infant formulae have a significant impact on health outcomes, especially when fat storing and/or absorption are limited (e.g., preterm birth and short bowel disease) or when fat byproducts may help to prevent some pathologies (e.g., atopy). The lipid composition of infant formulae varies according to the different fat sources used, and the potential biological effects are related to the variety of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. For example, since lipids are the main source of energy when the normal absorptive capacity of the digestive tract is compromised, medium-chain saturated fatty acids might cover this requirement...
May 4, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729041/wheeze-trajectories-are-modifiable-through-early-life-intervention-and-predict-asthma-in-adolescence
#8
Arthur H Owora, Allan B Becker, Moira Chan-Yeung, Edmond S Chan, Rishma Chooniedass, Clare Ramsey, Wade Ta Watson, Meghan B Azad
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify developmental trajectories of wheezing using data-driven methodology and examine whether trajectory membership differentially impacts the effectiveness of primary preventive efforts that target modifiable asthma risk factors. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the Canadian Asthma Primary Prevention Study, a multifaceted prenatal intervention among children at high risk for asthma, followed from birth to 15 years...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728782/respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylaxis-in-cystic-fibrosis-the-canadian-registry-of-palivizumab-data-2005-2016
#9
Ian Mitchell, S K Wong, B Paes, M Ruff, C Bjornson, A Li, K L Lanctôt
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may cause severe illness in cystic fibrosis (CF) children, but recommendations vary on prophylaxis. CARESS is a prospective registry of children who received palivizumab in 32 Canadian sites from 2005 to 2016. Demographic data were collected at enrollment and respiratory illness-related events recorded monthly. We reviewed respiratory illness hospitalization (RIH) and RSV hospitalization (RSVH) in CF children aged < 24 months versus those prophylaxed for standard indications (SI; prematurity, chronic lung disease [CLD] and congenital heart disease [CHD]), and complex medical disorders (CM)...
May 4, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720448/microbial-ecology-perturbation-in-human-iga-deficiency
#10
Jehane Fadlallah, Hela El Kafsi, Delphine Sterlin, Catherine Juste, Christophe Parizot, Karim Dorgham, Gaëlle Autaa, Doriane Gouas, Mathieu Almeida, Patricia Lepage, Nicolas Pons, Emmanuelle Le Chatelier, Florence Levenez, Sean Kennedy, Nathalie Galleron, Jean-Paul Pais de Barros, Marion Malphettes, Lionel Galicier, David Boutboul, Alexis Mathian, Makoto Miyara, Eric Oksenhendler, Zahir Amoura, Joel Doré, Claire Fieschi, S Dusko Ehrlich, Martin Larsen, Guy Gorochov
Paradoxically, loss of immunoglobulin A (IgA), one of the most abundant antibodies, does not irrevocably lead to severe infections in humans but rather is associated with relatively mild respiratory infections, atopy, and autoimmunity. IgA might therefore also play covert roles, not uniquely associated with control of pathogens. We show that human IgA deficiency is not associated with massive quantitative perturbations of gut microbial ecology. Metagenomic analysis highlights an expected pathobiont expansion but a less expected depletion in some typically beneficial symbionts...
May 2, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719412/acute-effects-of-smoke-exposure-on-airway-and-systemic-inflammation-in-forest-firefighters
#11
Niki Gianniou, Charilena Giannakopoulou, Efrossini Dima, Matina Kardara, Paraskevi Katsaounou, Alexandros Tsakatikas, Charis Roussos, Nikolaos Koulouris, Nikoletta Rovina
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess respiratory health and airway and systemic inflammation in professional forest firefighters post firefighting. Methods: A total of 60 firefighters who participated in forest firefighting operations in Greece during 2008 were included in the study. A questionnaire consisting of symptoms and exposure, pulmonary function, atopy, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and markers of inflammation in induced sputum, serum, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was assessed...
2018: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713361/effects-of-angelica-gigas-nakai-as-an-anti-inflammatory-agent-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-atopic-dermatitis-models
#12
Seon Ok, Sa-Rang Oh, Tae-Sung Jung, Sang-Ok Jeon, Ji-Wook Jung, Deok-Seon Ryu
We investigated the cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating the effects of Angelica gigas Nakai extract (AGNE) through the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs)/NF- κ B pathway using in vitro and in vivo atopic dermatitis (AD) models. We examined the effects of AGNE on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines in human mast cell line-1 (HMC-1) cells. Compound 48/80-induced pruritus and 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene- (DNCB-) induced AD-like skin lesion mouse models were also used to investigate the antiallergic effects of AGNE...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713322/tcr-signaling-abnormalities-in-human-th2-associated-atopic-disease
#13
REVIEW
Joshua D Milner
Stimulation of naïve CD4 T cells with weak T cell receptor agonists even in the absence of T helper-skewing cytokines can result in IL-4 production which can drive a Th2 response. Evidence for the in vivo consequences of such a phenomenon can be found in a number of mouse models and, importantly, a series of monogenic human diseases associated with significant atopy which are caused by mutations in the T cell receptor signaling cascade. Such diseases can help understand how Th2 responses evolve in humans, and potentially provide insight into therapeutic interventions...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712724/residential-proximity-to-livestock-farms-is-associated-with-a-lower-prevalence-of-atopy
#14
Floor Borlée, C Joris Yzermans, Esmeralda J M Krop, Catharina B M Maassen, François G Schellevis, Dick J J Heederik, Lidwien A M Smit
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to farm environments during childhood and adult life seems to reduce the risk of atopic sensitisation. Most studies have been conducted among farmers, but people living in rural areas may have similar protective effects for atopy. This study aims to investigate the association between residential proximity to livestock farms and atopy among non-farming adults living in a rural area in the Netherlands. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 2443 adults (20-72 years)...
April 30, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671667/clinical-utility-of-marketing-terms-used-for-over-the-counter-dermatologic-products
#15
Emily Boozalis, Shivani Patel
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic products are commonly marketed using dermatologic terms such as "hypoallergenic," "non-comedogenic," "fragrance-free," etc. The clinical relevance of these claims can be confusing to both patients and clinicians. METHODS: A systematic review was performed from via a PubMed search of published articles from January 1985 to October 2017 to further describe and elucidate the clinical utility of a predefined list of common dermatologic terms used by pharmaceutical companies to market over the counter products...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670773/psoriatic-arthritis-and-nail-psoriasis-in-a-patient-with-concomitant-atopic-dermatitis
#16
Gerhard Eichhoff, Noriko Soffi Harun
Coincidence of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (AD) is considered to be very rare, as a result of the different underlying immunopathology. This case report describes a patient with long history of atopy and AD who developed psoriatic nail changes and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The patient's skin, however, revealed only eczematous lesions without manifestation of psoriasis.
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666383/effect-of-antibiotic-use-for-acute-bronchiolitis-on-new-onset-asthma-in-children
#17
I-Lun Chen, Hsin-Chun Huang, Yu-Han Chang, Hsin-Yi Huang, Wei-Ju Yeh, Ting-Yi Wu, Jau-Ling Suen, San-Nan Yang, Chih-Hsing Hung
Early-life use of antibiotics is associated with asthma. We examined the effect of antibiotic use for early-life bronchiolitis on the development of new-onset asthma in children from Taiwan between 2005 and 2010. Data were from the National Health Insurance Research Database 2010, and diseases were coded using the International Classification of Disease (ICD). We classified the patients, all of whom had bronchiolitis, as having asthma or not having asthma. Asthma was diagnosed using ICD criteria and by use of an inhaled bronchodilator and/or corticosteroid twice in one year...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662320/omalizumab-for-severe-asthma-toward-personalized-treatment-based-on-biomarker-profile-and-clinical-history
#18
REVIEW
Farnaz Tabatabaian, Dennis K Ledford
Asthma is a heterogeneous syndrome with numerous underlining molecular and inflammatory mechanisms contributing to the wide spectrum of clinical phenotypes. Multiple therapies targeting severe asthma with type 2 (T2) high inflammation are or soon will be available. T2 high inflammation is defined as inflammation associated with atopy or eosinophilia or an increase in cytokines associated with T-helper 2 lymphocytes. Omalizumab is a humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody and the first biologic therapy approved for moderate-severe allergic asthma...
2018: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660251/the-association-of-nasal-patency-with-small-airway-resistance-in-children-with-allergic-and-nonallergic-rhinitis
#19
Joo Young Song, Eun Kyo Ha, Yoon Ho Sheen, Mi-Ae Kim, Seung Won Lee, Jung Won Yoon, Seung Jin Lee, Young-Ho Jung, Kyung Suk Lee, Jae-Cheul Ahn, Hye Mi Jee, Man Yong Han
INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is immunologically and morphologically related to disorders in the lower airway. We investigated the relationship between the anatomy of the intranasal cavity and small airway resistance in subjects with nonallergic rhinitis (NAR). METHODS: We enrolled 226 children who were 7 years old and participated in the Seongnam Atopy Project 2016. We evaluated nasal patency using acoustic rhinometry to measure the volume of the nasal cavity at 0 to 5 cm, and measured lung function of the lower airway using an impulse oscillometry system (IOS) and spirometry...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651835/use-of-a-probiotic-mixture-containing-bifidobacterium-animalis-subsp-lactis-bb12-and-enterococcus-faecium-l3-in-atopic-children
#20
Francesco Di Pierro, Isabella Basile, Maria L Danza, Leo Venturelli, Raffaele Contini, Paolo Risso, Maria Colombo
BACKGROUND: Imbalance of the human gut microbiota in childhood, mainly due to low gut biodiversity and a low bifidobacterial load, has been suggested as a risk factor for atopy. Administration of Enterococcus faecium L3 in infants has been shown to increase the gut bifidobacterial count. The aim was to verify if a mixture of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB12 and E. faecium L3 could reduce the signs, symptoms and need for drugs in atopic children. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed, and compared with controls, clinical outcomes following use of BB12 and L3 strains when administered 3 months before or during the development of signs and symptoms of atopy...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
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