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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441573/the-role-of-negative-affect-and-message-credibility-in-perceived-effectiveness-of-smokeless-tobacco-health-warning-labels-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#1
Seema Mutti-Packer, Jessica L Reid, James F Thrasher, Daniel Romer, Geoffrey T Fong, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Nigar Nargis, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence showing that pictorial health warnings are more effective than text-only warnings. However, much of this evidence comes from high-income countries and is limited to cigarette packaging. Moreover, few studies have identified mechanisms that might explain the impact of warnings. METHODS: The current study examined the potential mediating role of negative affect and the moderating influence of message credibility in perceived effectiveness of smokeless tobacco warnings in two low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441381/text-message-reminders-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-triccs-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Yasemin Hirst, Hanna Skrobanski, Robert S Kerrison, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Nicholas Counsell, Natasha Djedovic, Josephine Ruwende, Mark Stewart, Christian von Wagner
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effectiveness of a text-message reminder to improve uptake of the English Bowel Cancer Screening programme in London. METHODS: We performed a randomised controlled trial across 141 general practices in London. Eight thousand two hundred sixty-nine screening-eligible adults (aged 60-74 years) were randomised in a 1 : 1 ratio to receive either a text-message reminder (n=4134) or no text-message reminder (n=4135) if they had not returned their faecal occult blood test kit within 8 weeks of initial invitation...
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438728/designing-patient-centered-text-messaging-interventions-for-increasing-physical-activity-among-participants-with-type-2-diabetes-qualitative-results-from-the-text-to-move-intervention
#3
Gabrielle N Horner, Stephen Agboola, Kamal Jethwani, Aswita Tan-McGrory, Lenny Lopez
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease affecting approximately 29.1 million people in the United States, and an additional 86 million adults have prediabetes. Diabetes self-management education, a complex health intervention composed of 7 behaviors, is effective at improving self-care behaviors and glycemic control. Studies have employed text messages for education, reminders, and motivational messaging that can serve as "cues to action," aiming to improve glucose monitoring, self-care behaviors, appointment attendance, and medication adherence...
April 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437756/local-dynamic-stability-and-gait-variability-during-attentional-tasks-in-young-adults
#4
Rina Márcia Magnani, Georgia Cristina Lehnen, Fábio Barbosa Rodrigues, Gustavo Souto de Sá E Souza, Adriano de Oliveira Andrade, Marcus Fraga Vieira
Cell phone use while walking may be a cognitive distraction and reduce visual and motor attention. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the effects of attentional dual-tasks while using a cell phone in different conditions. Stability, regularity, and linear variability of trunk kinematics, and gait spatiotemporal parameters in young adults were measured. Twenty young subjects of both genders were asked to walk on a treadmill for 4min under the following conditions: (a) looking forward at a fixed target 2...
April 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437693/an-assessment-of-the-social-cognitive-predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-behavior-using-the-health-action-process-approach
#5
J L Martinez-Brockman, F M Shebl, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
RATIONALE: In the United States rates of exclusive breastfeeding duration remain exceedingly low. Exclusive breastfeeding is a complex learned behavior that is influenced by social cognitive, interpersonal, and structural factors. Interventions are needed that address factors at multiple levels of the social-ecological model. This study was designed to examine the social cognitive predictors of exclusive breastfeeding behavior in a sample of low-income women attending the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in the Lactation Advice Through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study...
April 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#6
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
April 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433615/digital-technology-for-treating-and-preventing-mental-disorders-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Ricardo Araya, Lisa A Marsch, Jürgen Unützer, Vikram Patel, Stephen J Bartels
Few individuals living with mental disorders around the globe have access to mental health care, yet most have access to a mobile phone. Digital technology holds promise for improving access to, and quality of, mental health care. We reviewed evidence on the use of mobile, online, and other remote technologies for treatment and prevention of mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries. Of the 49 studies identified, most were preliminary evaluations of feasibility and acceptability. The findings were promising, showing the potential effectiveness of online, text-messaging, and telephone support interventions...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430137/parent-partner-co-parent-or-partnership-the-need-for-clarity-as-family-systems-thinking-takes-hold-in-the-quest-to-motivate-behavioural-change
#8
Chris May, Li Kheng Chai, Tracy Burrows
Research is increasingly pointing to the importance of extending the focus of childhood obesity intervention to include fathers, fathering figures, and other members of a child's primary parenting network. Advances in communication technology are now making it possible to achieve this aim, within current resources, using modalities such text messaging, web-based resources and apps that extend intervention to parents not in attendance at face to face interactions. However, published research is often unclear as to which parent/s they targeted or engaged with, whether interventions planned to influence behaviours and capabilities across family systems, and how this can be achieved...
April 21, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429158/food-insecurity-substance-use-and-sexual-transmission-risk-behavior-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-daily-level-analysis
#9
Jennifer A Pellowski, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Seth C Kalichman
People living with HIV in poverty have limited tangible and mental resources coupled with competing demands for these resources. Competing demands require individuals to make choices that may be beneficial to them in the short term but not in the long term. Past research has shown that food insecurity is related to sexual risk behaviors among people living with HIV. Individuals who are food insecure may sell sex in order to obtain food or lack of food may lead to a depletion of mental resources to negotiate safe sex...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428337/factual-text-and-emotional-pictures-overcoming-a-false-dichotomy-of-cigarette-warning-labels
#10
Lucy Popova, Daniel Owusu, Desmond Jenson, Torsten B Neilands
BACKGROUND: In reviewing the first set of pictorial warning labels in the USA, the courts equated textual labels with facts and information, and images with emotion. This study tested the differences in perceived informativeness and emotion between textual and pictorial cigarette warning labels. METHODS: An online study with 1838 US adults who were non-smokers (n=764), transitioning smokers (quit smoking in the past 2 years or currently trying to quit, n=505) or current smokers (n=569)...
April 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428159/development-of-a-culturally-tailored-text-message-maternal-health-program-textmatch
#11
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Hannah Bartley, Augusta Connor, Ruyan Chen, Mairead Ross, Judith McCool
BACKGROUND: Mobile phones are increasingly being used to deliver health information and health services globally. Mobile health (mHealth) interventions may be well-suited for minority groups with greater barriers to accessing traditional health services. However, little has been written about the process of culturally adapting interventions for multiple ethnic and cultural minorities within a population. OBJECTIVE: This study describes the process of developing a culturally tailored text message-based maternal health program (TextMATCH: Text for MATernal and Child Health) for Māori, Pacific, Asian, and South Asian families living in New Zealand...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428157/texting-and-mobile-phone-app-interventions-for-improving-adherence-to-preventive-behavior-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
Sherif M Badawy, Lisa M Kuhns
BACKGROUND: Many preventable behaviors contribute to adolescent mortality and morbidity. Non-adherence to preventive measures represents a challenge and has been associated with worse health outcomes in this population. The widespread use of electronic communication technologies by adolescents, particularly the use of text messaging (short message service, SMS) and mobile phones, presents new opportunities to intervene on risk and preventive risk behavior, but little is known about their efficacy...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421911/sleep-habits-and-nighttime-texting-among-adolescents
#13
Pernilla Garmy, Teresa M Ward
The aim of this study was to examine sleep habits (i.e., bedtimes and rising times) and their association with nighttime text messaging in 15- to 17-year-old adolescents. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a web-based survey of adolescent students attending secondary schools in southern Sweden ( N = 278, 50% female). Less than 8 hr of time in bed during school nights was significantly associated with more sleep difficulties, wake time variability on school days and weekends, daytime tiredness, and less enjoyment at school (all ps < ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421600/lay-led-and-peer-support-interventions-for-adolescents-with-asthma
#14
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Iain Crossingham
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with asthma are at high risk of poor adherence with treatment. This may be compounded by activities that worsen asthma, in particular smoking. Additional support above and beyond routine care has the potential to encourage good self-management. We wanted to find out whether sessions led by their peers or by lay leaders help to reduce these risks and improve asthma outcomes among adolescents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of lay-led and peer support interventions for adolescents with asthma...
April 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414020/modifying-alcohol-consumption-to-reduce-obesity-macro-development-and-feasibility-trial-of-a-complex-community-based-intervention-for-men
#15
Iain K Crombie, Kathryn B Cunningham, Linda Irvine, Brian Williams, Falko F Sniehotta, John Norrie, Ambrose Melson, Claire Jones, Andrew Briggs, Peter M Rice, Marcus Achison, Andrew McKenzie, Elena Dimova, Peter W Slane
BACKGROUND: Obese men who consume alcohol are at a greatly increased risk of liver disease; those who drink > 14 units of alcohol per week have a 19-fold increased risk of dying from liver disease. OBJECTIVES: To develop an intervention to reduce alcohol consumption in obese men and to assess the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to investigate its effectiveness. DESIGN OF THE INTERVENTION: The intervention was developed using formative research, public involvement and behaviour change theory...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410702/study-of-the-structure-and-functioning-of-referral-mechanism-of-patients-receiving-treatment-and-records-linkage-under-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-programme-rntcp-of-government-of-india
#16
K Vivekanand, A Mohan, K V S Sarma
BACKGROUND: The reliable and successful performance of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) "referral mechanism" is profoundly important in the medical college scenario, and it is an important requirement of the programme to have feedback status report of the referred patients. METHODS: An observational study on tuberculosis (TB) patients referred from Directly Observed Treatment (DOT) Centre, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences (SVIMS) was conducted during the years 2010 to 2012 (n=622)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410174/pilot-and-feasibility-test-of-a-mobile-health-supported-behavioral-counseling-intervention-for-weight-management-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409223/the-relationships-between-message-passing-pairwise-kermack-mckendrick-and-stochastic-sir-epidemic-models
#18
Robert R Wilkinson, Frank G Ball, Kieran J Sharkey
We consider a very general stochastic model for an SIR epidemic on a network which allows an individual's infectious period, and the time it takes to contact each of its neighbours after becoming infected, to be correlated. We write down the message passing system of equations for this model and prove, for the first time, that it has a unique feasible solution. We also generalise an earlier result by proving that this solution provides a rigorous upper bound for the expected epidemic size (cumulative number of infection events) at any fixed time [Formula: see text]...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408359/personal-communication-device-use-by-nurses-providing-in-patient-care-survey-of-prevalence-patterns-and-distraction-potential
#19
Deborah L McBride, Sandra A LeVasseur
BACKGROUND: Coincident with the proliferation of employer-provided mobile communication devices, personal communication devices, including basic and enhanced mobile phones (smartphones) and tablet computers that are owned by the user, have become ubiquitous among registered nurses working in hospitals. While there are numerous benefits of personal communication device use by nurses at work, little is known about the impact of these devices on in-patient care. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine how hospital-registered nurses use their personal communication devices while doing both work-related and non‒work-related activities and to assess the impact of these devices on in-patient care...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405898/current-smokers-preferences-for-receiving-cessation-information-in-a-lung-cancer-screening-setting
#20
Lisa Carter-Harris, Rhonda Schwindt, Giorgos Bakoyannis, DuyKhanh Pham Ceppa, Susan M Rawl
The purpose of this study was to identify current smokers' communication format preferences for receiving smoking cessation information in a lung cancer screening setting. A cross-sectional correlational design using survey methodology with 159 screening-eligible current smokers was the method used. Data was dichotomized (digital versus traditional preference) and analyzed using Pearson's chi-squared test, Mann-Whitney U test, and logistic regression. Race was a statistically significant predictor with White participants having four times greater odds of reporting preference for a digital format for receiving smoking cessation information such as social media and/or supportive text messages (OR: 4...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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