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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927681/examination-of-associations-between-risky-driving-behaviors-and-hazardous-drinking-among-a-sample-of-college-students
#1
Ryan J Martin, Melissa J Cox, Beth H Chaney, Adam P Knowlden
OBJECTIVE: Hazardous drinking is associated with other risky behaviors and negative health-related outcomes. This study examined co-variation between hazardous drinking scores and the following risky driving behaviors: falling asleep while driving, texting (receiving and sending) while driving, and driving after consuming alcohol. METHODS: The participants in this study were a sample of undergraduate students (N = 1,298) who were enrolled in an introductory health course at a large, Southeastern university in Spring 2016 and completed an online health survey that assessed hazardous drinking, falling asleep while driving, texting while driving, and driving after consuming alcohol...
June 21, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927004/a-systematic-review-of-mhealth-interventions-for-the-support-of-eating-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Dimitra Anastasiadou, Frans Folkvord, Francisco Lupiañez-Villanueva
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the existing evidence of mobile health (mHealth) tools for the treatment of eating disorders (ED). METHOD: Electronic databases (Pubmed, PsycInfo, and SCOPUS) were searched, and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Selected studies were divided into three categories according to the intended purpose of the mHealth tools used: (a) sole means of support, (b) complementary to standard face-to-face treatment, and (c) for relapse prevention...
June 21, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925088/measles-high-school-vaccination-program-2014-2015-online-survey-of-parents-in-nsw-australia
#3
Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Sue Campbell-Lloyd
BACKGROUND: In 2014, a high school-based measles supplementary immunisation activity (SIA) took place in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, in response to a large number of adolescents being identified as undervaccinated or unvaccinated against measles. The program focused on areas of NSW where previous measles outbreaks had occurred and where large numbers of undervaccinated adolescents lived. More than 11 000 students were vaccinated in 2014, and the program continued in 2015, when more than 4000 students in Years 11 and 12 were vaccinated...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921811/family-txt-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-mhealth-obesity-prevention-program-for-parents-of-pre-adolescent-african-american-girls
#4
Chishinga Callender, Deborah Thompson
Obesity prevalence is greater in African American girls than their non-Hispanic white peers. Obesity prevention programs are needed to help parents create an obesity-preventive home environment. This paper reports the feasibility and acceptability of a mHealth child obesity prevention program consisting of self-determination theory-grounded text messages promoting a healthy home food and activity environment to parents of 8⁻10-year-old African American girls. A one-group design with baseline and immediate post-intervention assessments was utilized...
June 19, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917125/temporal-effects-of-message-congruency-on-attention-to-and-recall-of-pictorial-health-warning-labels-on-cigarette-packages
#5
Kirsten Lochbuehler, E Paul Wileyto, Melissa Mercincavage, Valentina Souprountchouk, Jordan Z Burdge, Kathy Z Tang, Joseph N Cappella, Andrew A Strasser
Objectives: Recent research has shown that message congruency is beneficial to recall of pictorial health warning label (PWL) content after initial exposure. Despite less attention to the text warning, smokers exposed to congruent PWLs were more likely to recall the text and the message. This study aimed to replicate these findings and to examine whether congruency also affects recall after multiple exposures over time. Methods: 320 daily smokers (39.7% female; cigarettes/day: M = 15...
June 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914860/mhealth-technology-use-and-implications-in-historically-underserved-and-minority-populations-in-the-united-states-systematic-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Charkarra Anderson-Lewis, Gabrielle Darville, Rebeccah Eve Mercado, Savannah Howell, Samantha Di Maggio
BACKGROUND: The proportion of people in the United States who are members of at least two ethnic groups is projected to increase to 10% by the year 2050. This makes addressing health disparities and health inequities in minority populations increasingly more difficult. Minority populations, including those who classify themselves as African American and Hispanic, are using mobile phones to access health information via the internet more frequently than those who classify themselves as white, providing unique opportunities for those in public health and health education to reach these traditionally underserved populations using mobile health (mHealth) interventions...
June 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912621/are-digital-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-effective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Joanne Parsons, Emily Anne Fulton, Felix Naughton, Ildiko Tombor, Katherine E Brown
Smoking in pregnancy remains a global public health issue due to foetal health risks and potential maternal complications. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to explore: (1) whether digital interventions for pregnancy smoking cessation are effective, (2) the impact of intervention platform on smoking cessation, (3) the associations between specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) delivered within interventions and smoking cessation, and (4) the association between the total number of BCTs delivered and smoking cessation...
June 18, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911290/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-gastrointestinal-cancer-survivors-need-and-acceptability-of-digital-health-interventions
#8
Ashley B Sanders, David E Conroy, Kathryn H Schmitz, Niraj Gusani
PURPOSE: This study aimed to characterize physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) profiles in older gastrointestinal (GI) cancer survivors, assess their interest in interventions to modify these behaviors, and evaluate the acceptability of digital tools for delivering interventions to modify these behaviors. METHODS: Survivors (M = 65 years) from an outpatient survivorship clinic at the Penn State Cancer Institute completed a questionnaire during a clinic appointment...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905650/patterns-of-recovery-from-pain-after-cesarean-delivery
#9
Jessica L Booth, Emily E Sharpe, Timothy T Houle, Lynnette Harris, Regina S Curry, Carol A Aschenbrenner, James C Eisenach
We know very little about the change in pain in the first 2 months after surgery. To address this gap, we studied 530 women scheduled for elective cesarean delivery who completed daily pain diaries for two months after surgery via text messaging. Over 82% of subjects missed fewer than 10 diary entries and were included in the analysis. Completers were more likely to be Caucasian, non-smokers, and with fewer previous pregnancies than non-completers. Daily worst pain intensity ratings for the previous 24 hours were fit to a log(time) function and allowed to change to a different function up to 3 times according to a Bayesian criterion...
June 13, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904509/introducing-students-to-the-challenges-of-communicating-science-by-using-a-tool-that-employs-only-the-1-000-most-commonly-used-words
#10
Justin A Pruneski
Overcoming the complex and technical language used in science is a major barrier to scientists being able to communicate their work with the general public. This can lead to misunderstanding and mistrust of science, with many negative consequences. Scientists are increasingly seeking to improve their ability to communicate their work effectively with a variety of audiences. As such, students should recognize the challenges and importance of communicating science with nonscientists. This short classroom activity takes advantage of a free, web-based tool, called Simple Writer (https://xkcd...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903646/ehealth-interventions-to-promote-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#11
REVIEW
Nini H Jonkman, Kimberley S van Schooten, Andrea B Maier, Mirjam Pijnappels
eHealth solutions are increasingly being applied to deliver interventions for promoting an active lifestyle in the general population but also in older people. Objective assessment of daily physical activity (PA) is essential to accurately and reliably evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions. This review presents an overview of eHealth interventions that focus on promoting PA in community-dwelling older people, and discusses the methods used to objectively assess PA, and the effectiveness of the eHealth interventions in increasing PA...
July 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902739/responding-to-disruptive-behaviors-in-nursing-a-longitudinal-quasi-experimental-investigation-of-training-for-nursing-students
#12
Ericka Sanner-Stiehr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a cognitive rehearsal intervention on nursing students' self-efficacy to respond effectively to disruptive behaviors. DESIGN: This quantitative study was part of a longitudinal, quasi-experimental program of research. SETTING: Interventions were conducted on site at facilities provided by participating pre-licensure nursing programs. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 129 nursing students enrolled in their final academic year in three traditional format, pre-licensure nursing programs in the Midwestern United States were recruited to participate in this study...
June 5, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900753/a-patient-centered-activity-regimen-improves-participation-in-physical-activity-interventions-in-advanced-stage-lung-cancer
#13
Brett C Bade, J Madison Hyer, Benjamin T Bevill, Alex Pastis, Alana M Rojewski, Benjamin A Toll, Gerard A Silvestri
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is a potential therapy to improve quality of life in patients with advanced-stage lung cancer (LC), but no PA regimen has been shown to be beneficial, clinically practical, and sustainable. We sought to test the hypothesis that a patient-centered activity regimen (PCAR) will improve patient participation and PA more effectively than weekly phone calls. METHODS: In patients with advanced-stage LC, we implemented a walking-based activity regimen and motivated patients via either weekly phone calls (n = 29; FitBit Zip accelerometer) or PCAR (n = 15; FitBit Flex, an educational session, and twice-daily gain-framed text messages)...
June 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899982/comparison-of-text-messaging-data-collection-vs-face-to-face-interviews-for-public-health-surveys-a-cluster-randomized-crossover-study-of-care-seeking-for-childhood-pneumonia-and-diarrhoea-in-rural-china
#14
Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Wei Wang, Qiong Wu, Ye Li, Robert W Scherpbier, Xiaozhen Du, Li Chen, Yanfeng Zhang, Josip Car, Igor Rudan
Background: To compare text messaging and face-to-face interviews to conduct a survey on childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia. Methods: Caregivers of young children able to send text messages in Zhao County in rural China were included in this crossover study. Villages (clusters) were randomized into two groups using the ratio 1:1.6 to account for an expected higher drop-out in group 2. In group 1, participants first completed the face-to-face and then text messaging survey; this order was reversed in group 2...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898717/-matri-suman-a-capacity-building-and-text-messaging-intervention-to-enhance-maternal-and-child-health-service-utilization-among-pregnant-women-from-rural-nepal-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Jitendra Kumar Singh, Rajendra Kadel, Dilaram Acharya, Daniel Lombard, Saval Khanal, Shri Prakash Singh
BACKGROUND: Capacity development of health volunteers and text messaging to pregnant women through mobile phones have shown improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes and is associated with increased utilisation of MCH services. However, such interventions are uncommon in Nepal. We aim to carry out an intervention with the hypothesis that capacity building and text messaging intervention will increase the MCH service utilisation. METHOD/DESIGN: MATRI-SUMAN is a 12-month cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895517/detecting-recovery-problems-just-in-time-application-of-automated-linguistic-analysis-and-supervised-machine-learning-to-an-online-substance-abuse-forum
#16
Rachel Kornfield, Prathusha K Sarma, Dhavan V Shah, Fiona McTavish, Gina Landucci, Klaren Pe-Romashko, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Online discussion forums allow those in addiction recovery to seek help through text-based messages, including when facing triggers to drink or use drugs. Trained staff (or "moderators") may participate within these forums to offer guidance and support when participants are struggling but must expend considerable effort to continually review new content. Demands on moderators limit the scalability of evidence-based digital health interventions. OBJECTIVE: Automated identification of recovery problems could allow moderators to engage in more timely and efficient ways with participants who are struggling...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894717/stepwise-strategy-to-improve-cervical-cancer-screening-adherence-scan-cervical-cancer-automated-text-messages-phone-calls-and-reminders-population-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
João Firmino-Machado, Sofia Varela, Romeu Mendes, Amélia Moreira, Nuno Lunet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893981/the-association-of-adolescent-spinal-pain-related-absenteeism-with-early-adulthood-work-absenteeism-a-six-year-follow-up-data-from-a-population-based-cohort
#18
Pieter Coenen, Anne Smith, Peter Kent, Mark Harris, Steven J Linton, Glenn Pransky, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Leon Straker
Objectives Spinal (ie, back and neck) pain often develops as early as during adolescence and can set a trajectory for later life. However, whether early-life spinal-pain-related behavioral responses of missing school/work are predictive of future work absenteeism is yet unknown. We assessed the association of adolescent spinal-pain-related work or school absenteeism with early adulthood work absenteeism in a prospective population-based cohort. Methods Six year follow-up data from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) study were used (N=476; with a 54% response rate)...
June 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891688/sms-texts-on-corruption-help-ugandan-voters-hold-elected-councillors-accountable-at-the-polls
#19
Mark T Buntaine, Ryan Jablonski, Daniel L Nielson, Paula M Pickering
Many politicians manipulate information to prevent voters from holding them accountable; however, mobile text messages may make it easier for nongovernmental organizations to credibly share information on official corruption that is difficult for politicians to counter directly. We test the potential for texts on budget management to improve democratic accountability by conducting a large ( n = 16,083) randomized controlled trial during the 2016 Ugandan district elections. In cooperation with a local partner, we compiled, simplified, and text-messaged official information on irregularities in local government budgets...
June 11, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889169/texting-test-results-reduces-the-time-to-treatment-for-sexually-transmitted-infections
#20
Lori A Bilello, William C Livingood, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Carmen Smotherman, Ulyee Choe
CONTEXT: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to be a major health problem and source of health disparities in the United States. With diminishing resources, public health agencies are challenged to limit inefficient STI practices and still maintain effective population health. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to implement a text-messaging strategy to convey STI test results and to assess whether texting positive results was associated with a shorter treatment time frame...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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