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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043154/taking-care-of-suicidal-patients-with-new-technologies-and-reaching-out-means-in-the-post-discharge-period
#1
REVIEW
Giulia Falcone, Adele Nardella, Dorian A Lamis, Denise Erbuto, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
Suicide is a global public health problem with over one million people dying by suicide each year worldwide. Research efforts have focused on developing and testing novel suicide prevention strategies employing recent technological advances. In order to provide a review regarding the role of new technologies (e.g., postcards/letters, text messages, crisis cards, telephone contacts, online interventions) in suicide prevention, we searched PubMed, ScienceDirect, ResearchGate, and Crisis to identify all papers in English from 1977 to 2016...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042513/distress-and-rumor-exposure-on-social-media-during-a-campus-lockdown
#2
Nickolas M Jones, Rebecca R Thompson, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Roxane Cohen Silver
During crisis events, people often seek out event-related information to stay informed of what is happening. However, when information from official channels is lacking or disseminated irregularly, people may be at risk for exposure to rumors that fill the information void. We studied information-seeking during a university lockdown following an active-shooter event. In study 1, students in the lockdown (n = 3,890) completed anonymous surveys 1 week later. Those who indicated receiving conflicting information about the lockdown reported greater acute stress [standardized regression coefficient (b) = 0...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#3
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040290/complex-conjugated-certificateless-based-signcryption-with-differential-integrated-factor-for-secured-message-communication-in-mobile-network
#4
Sumithra Alagarsamy, S P Rajagopalan
Certificateless-based signcryption overcomes inherent shortcomings in traditional Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) and Key Escrow problem. It imparts efficient methods to design PKIs with public verifiability and cipher text authenticity with minimum dependency. As a classic primitive in public key cryptography, signcryption performs validity of cipher text without decryption by combining authentication, confidentiality, public verifiability and cipher text authenticity much more efficiently than the traditional approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039698/an-experimental-test-of-how-selfies-change-social-judgments-on-facebook
#5
Samuel Hardman Taylor, Alexandra S Hinck, Hajin Lim
Selfies are everywhere on social media. Research has focused only on who is posting selfies and has not addressed the audience members viewing selfies. This study aims to fill this gap by analyzing the judgments people make of selfies posted on Facebook. Using an online experiment, we test how including a selfie on a Facebook status update changes people's appraisals of narcissism, message appropriateness, and social attraction. We also consider how the valence and intimacy of the status update text interplay with the selfie to change social judgments...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#6
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
October 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038609/lies-damned-lies-and-survey-self-reports-identity-as-a-cause-of-measurement-bias
#7
Philip S Brenner, John DeLamater
Explanations of error in survey self-reports have focused on social desirability: that respondents answer questions about normative behavior to appear prosocial to interviewers. However, this paradigm fails to explain why bias occurs even in self-administered modes like mail and web surveys. We offer an alternative explanation rooted in identity theory that focuses on measurement directiveness as a cause of bias. After completing questions about physical exercise on a web survey, respondents completed a text message-based reporting procedure, sending updates on their major activities for five days...
December 2016: Social Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038553/a-comparison-of-passive-and-active-estimates-of-sleep-in-a-cohort-with-schizophrenia
#8
Patrick Staples, John Torous, Ian Barnett, Kenzie Carlson, Luis Sandoval, Matcheri Keshavan, Jukka-Pekka Onnela
Sleep abnormalities are considered an important feature of schizophrenia, yet convenient and reliable sleep monitoring remains a challenge. Smartphones offer a novel solution to capture both self-reported and objective measures of sleep in schizophrenia. In this three-month observational study, 17 subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia currently in treatment downloaded Beiwe, a platform for digital phenotyping, on their personal Apple or Android smartphones. Subjects were given tri-weekly ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) on their own smartphones, and passive data including accelerometer, GPS, screen use, and anonymized call and text message logs was continuously collected...
October 16, 2017: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036470/corrigendum-to-evaluating-the-reliability-validity-acceptability-and-practicality-of-sms-text-messaging-as-a-tool-to-collect-research-data-results-from-the-feeding-your-baby-project
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035665/like-an-extended-family-relationships-that-emerge-when-older-caregivers-use-written-messages-to-communicate-in-an-ict-based-healthcare-service
#10
Hilde Solli, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Sigrun Hvalvik, Ragnhild Hellesø
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships that emerge amongst caregivers of persons with dementia and stroke when caregivers use written messages as their communication tool in a closed information and communication technology (ICT)-based support group. METHODS: An explorative design with a qualitative approach was used that applied systematic text condensation (STC) to analyse 173 written messages extracted from a web forum. RESULTS: Empathetic, empowering and familiar relationships emerged amongst peers of older caregivers when the caregivers used written messages as their communication tool...
October 16, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033116/delivering-normative-feedback-to-heavy-drinking-college-students-via-text-messaging-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#11
Jennifer E Merrill, Holly K Boyle, Nancy P Barnett, Kate B Carey
Correcting misperceptions in drinking norms is an established method of reducing college student drinking; however, delivery of accurate norms has typically been limited to a single dose within the confines of an alcohol intervention. The present study tests the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of using text messages to promote pro-moderation descriptive and injunctive norms. Following a baseline survey, 68 heavy drinking college students were randomly assigned to receive 28 daily messages with either accurate norms information (experimental group, n=34) or fun facts (control group, n=34)...
October 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032698/text-messages-promoting-mental-imagery-increase-self-reported-physical-activity-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Guillaume R Coudevylle, Shelly Ruart, Olivier Hue, Stéphane Sinnapah
This study tested whether text messages prompting adults over 50 years of age to perform mental imagery would increase Aerobic Physical Activity (APA) duration using a randomized parallel trial design. METHOD: Participants were assigned to an Imagery 1, Imagery 2 or Placebo group. For 4 weeks, each group was exposed to two conditions (morning text message vs. no morning text message). In the morning message condition, the Imagery groups received a text message with the instruction to mentally imagine performing an APA and the Placebo group received a placebo message...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029867/a-text-messaging-intervention-to-support-option-b-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#13
Pamela Musoke, C Ann Gakumo, Lisa L Abuogi, Eliud Akama, Elizabeth Bukusi, Anna Helova, Wafula Z Nalwa, Mariciannah Onono, Sydney A Spangler, Iris Wanga, Janet M Turan
Key challenges in providing lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) to pregnant and breastfeeding women (Option B+) in sub-Saharan Africa include achieving long-term adherence and retention in care. One intervention that may help address these challenges is mobile text messaging. We evaluated the acceptability of a text messaging intervention to support women's ART adherence and retention in care in rural western Kenya. Forty in-depth interviews with 20 pregnant/postpartum women infected with HIV, their male partners, and four focus groups with 30 health care providers were conducted during September-November 2014...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026377/developmental-screening-predictors-of-follow-up-adherence-in-primary-health-care
#14
Joanné Christine Schoeman, De Wet Swanepoel, Jeannie van der Linde
BACKGROUND: The importance of early identification for infants and young children with developmental delays is well established. Poor follow-up on referrals, however, undermines the effectiveness of early intervention programmes. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors, including text message reminders, that influence follow-up adherence for early intervention after developmental screening in primary health care. A secondary objective surveyed reasons for follow-up default...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025693/characterizing-active-ingredients-of-ehealth-interventions-targeting-persons-with-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-behavior-change-techniques-taxonomy-scoping-review
#15
Mihiretu M Kebede, Tatjana P Liedtke, Tobias Möllers, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: The behavior change technique taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1; Michie and colleagues, 2013) is a comprehensive tool to characterize active ingredients of interventions and includes 93 labels that are hierarchically clustered into 16 hierarchical clusters. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the active ingredients in electronic health (eHealth) interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and relevant outcomes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025453/interprofessional-communication-in-organ-transplantation-in-gauteng-province-south-africa
#16
Harriet Rosanne Etheredge, Claire Penn, Jennifer Watermeyer
BACKGROUND: Communication is essential to the transplant process, but it is challenging in South Africa (SA) because of the complexity of the country and the health system, the nature of transplantation as a technical procedure with inherent psychological considerations, and the large number of professionals involved. Transplant communication has not been explored in SA, and this study was the first to use health communication methods to generate empirical evidence relating to it. OBJECTIVE: To explore communication in transplant settings in Gauteng Province, SA...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025127/are-participants-concerned-about-privacy-and-security-when-using-short-message-service-to-report-product-adherence-in-a-rectal-microbicide-trial
#17
Rebecca Giguere, William Brown Iii, Ivan C Balán, Curtis Dolezal, Titcha Ho, Alan Sheinfil, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Javier R Lama, Ian McGowan, Ross D Cranston, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
Objective: During a Phase 2 rectal microbicide trial, men who have sex with men and transgender women (n = 187) in 4 countries (Peru, South Africa, Thailand, United States) reported product use daily via short message service (SMS). To prevent disclosure of study participation, the SMS system program included privacy and security features. We evaluated participants' perceptions of privacy while using the system and acceptability of privacy/security features. Materials and Methods: To protect privacy, the SMS system: (1) confirmed participant availability before sending the study questions, (2) required a password, and (3) did not reveal product name or study participation...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024562/health-maintenance-practices-and-healthcare-experiences-among-international-university-students
#18
Suzanne Martin, Jane Dyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While over a million international students attend U.S. universities, there is little information to guide providers on their care. Differences in language and health beliefs can lead to misunderstandings and poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to describe the health practices and healthcare experiences of international students before and after they move to the United States to carve out specific quality improvement activities at a student health center...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024499/male-partner-involvement-on-initiation-and-sustainment-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-infected-post-partum-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Dorothy Ihekuna, Neal Rosenburg, William Nii Ayitey Menson, Semiu Olatunde Gbadamosi, John Olajide Olawepo, Adaeze Chike-Okoli, Chad Cross, Chima Onoka, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected mothers is known to be associated with a sustained and significant reduction in HIV transmission and has the potential to reduce infant and under-five mortality. Research shows that EBF is not common in many HIV-endemic, resource-limited settings despite recommendations by the World Health Organization. Although evidence abounds that male partner involvement increases HIV testing and uptake and retention of prevention of mother-to-child transmission interventions, few studies have evaluated the impact of male partners' involvement and decision-making on initiation, maintenance, and sustainment of EBF...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023456/gait-parameters-are-differently-affected-by-concurrent-smartphone-based-activities-with-scaled-levels-of-cognitive-effort
#20
Carlotta Caramia, Ivan Bernabucci, Carmen D'Anna, Cristiano De Marchis, Maurizio Schmid
The widespread and pervasive use of smartphones for sending messages, calling, and entertainment purposes, mainly among young adults, is often accompanied by the concurrent execution of other tasks. Recent studies have analyzed how texting, reading or calling while walking-in some specific conditions-might significantly influence gait parameters. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of different smartphone activities on walking, evaluating the variations of several gait parameters. 10 young healthy students (all smartphone proficient users) were instructed to text chat (with two different levels of cognitive load), call, surf on a social network or play with a math game while walking in a real-life outdoor setting...
2017: PloS One
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