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Mobile phone RCT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520768/mobile-phone-reminders-and-peer-counseling-improve-adherence-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-on-art-in-malaysia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Surajudeen Abiola Abdulrahman, Lekhraj Rampal, Faisal Ibrahim, Anuradha P Radhakrishnan, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Norlijah Othman
BACKGROUND: Adherence to treatment remains the cornerstone of long term viral suppression and successful treatment outcomes among patients receiving Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE(S): Evaluate the effectiveness of mobile phone reminders and peer counseling in improving adherence and treatment outcomes among HIV positive patients on ART in Malaysia. METHODS: A single-blind, parallel group RCT conducted in Hospital Sungai Buloh, Malaysia in which 242 adult Malaysian patients were randomized to intervention or control groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494802/reducing-depressive-symptomatology-with-a-smartphone-app-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Cezar Giosan, Oana Cobeanu, Cristina Mogoaşe, Aurora Szentagotai, Vlad Mureşan, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Depression has become one of the leading contributors to the global disease burden. Evidence-based treatments for depression are available, but access to them is still limited in some instances. As technology has become more integrated into mental health care, computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) protocols have become available and have been recently transposed to mobile environments (e.g., smartphones) in the form of "apps." Preliminary research on some depression apps has shown promising results in reducing subthreshold or mild to moderate depressive symptoms...
May 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465278/text-message-feedback-to-support-mindfulness-practice-in-people-with-depressive-symptoms-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Susanne Kraft, Markus Wolf, Thomas Klein, Thomas Becker, Stephanie Bauer, Bernd Puschner
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that mindfulness practice can be helpful in preventing relapse from depression. However, practicing mindfulness regularly at home is often a challenge for people with depression. Mobile phone text messaging (short message service, SMS) may be a feasible approach to assist regular mindfulness home practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of text message-based feedback to support mindfulness practice in people with depressive symptoms after inpatient psychiatric treatment...
May 2, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446419/the-smartphone-peer-physical-activity-counseling-sppac-program-for-manual-wheelchair-users-protocol-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Krista L Best, François Routhier, Shane N Sweet, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Jaimie F Borisoff, Luc Noreau, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) must be performed regularly to accrue health benefits. However, the majority of manual wheelchair users do not meet PA recommendations. Existing community-based PA programs for manual wheelchair users appear to work, but effect sizes are small and retention is low. Existing PA programs may not fully implement some psychosocial factors that are strongly linked with PA (eg, autonomy). The use of peers and mobile phone technology in the Smartphone Peer PA Counseling (SPPAC) program represents a novel approach to cultivating a PA-supportive environment for manual wheelchair users...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419149/mobile-health-treatment-support-intervention-for-hiv-and-tuberculosis-in-mozambique-perspectives-of-patients-and-healthcare-workers
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
José António Nhavoto, Åke Grönlund, Gunnar O Klein
BACKGROUND: Studies have been conducted in developing countries using SMS to communicate with patients to reduce the number of missed appointments and improve retention in treatment, however; very few have been scaled up. One possible reason for this could be that patients or staff are dissatisfied with the method in some way. This paper reports a study of patients' and healthcare workers' (HCW) views on an mHealth intervention aiming to support retention in antiretroviral therapy (ART) and tuberculosis (TB) treatment in Mozambique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264692/a-three-component-cognitive-behavioural-lifestyle-program-for-preconceptional-weight-loss-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
G Jiskoot, S H Benneheij, A Beerthuizen, J E de Niet, C de Klerk, R Timman, J J Busschbach, J S E Laven
BACKGROUND: Obesity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) negatively affects all clinical features, and a 5 to 10% weight loss has shown promising results on reproductive, metabolic and psychological level. Incorporating a healthy diet, increasing physical activity and changing dysfunctional thought patterns in women with PCOS are key points in losing weight. The biggest challenge in weight management programs is to achieve a reasonable and sustainable weight loss. The aim of this study is to explore whether Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) by a mental health professional, working in a multidisciplinary team with a dietician and a physical therapist (a three-component intervention), is more effective for weight loss in the long term, within 12 months...
March 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213632/preventing-weight-gain-improves-sleep-quality-among-black-women-results-from-a-rct
#7
Dori M Steinberg, Jacob Christy, Bryan C Batch, Sandy Askew, Reneé H Moore, Portia Parker, Gary G Bennett
BACKGROUND: Obesity and poor sleep are highly prevalent among Black women. PURPOSE: We examined whether a weight gain prevention intervention improved sleep among Black women. METHODS: We conducted a randomized trial comparing a 12-month weight gain prevention intervention that included self-monitoring through mobile technologies and phone coaching to usual care in community health centers. We measured sleep using the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale at baseline, 12 months, and 18 months...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965823/feasibility-of-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-rct-and-concurrent-observational-sub-study-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-modified-ward-night-lighting-on-inpatient-fall-rates-and-sleep-quality-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#8
Satyan R Chari, Simon Smith, Alison Mudge, Alex A Black, Mariana Figueiro, Muhtashimuddin Ahmed, Mark Devitt, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: Falls among hospitalised patients impose a considerable burden on health systems globally and prevention is a priority. Some patient-level interventions have been effective in reducing falls, but others have not. An alternative and promising approach to reducing inpatient falls is through the modification of the hospital physical environment and the night lighting of hospital wards is a leading candidate for investigation. In this pilot trial, we will determine the feasibility of conducting a main trial to evaluate the effects of modified night lighting on inpatient ward level fall rates...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608829/development-of-a-mobile-phone-based-weight-loss-lifestyle-intervention-for-filipino-americans-with-type-2-diabetes-protocol-and-early-results-from-the-pilam-go4health-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Melinda Sarmiento Bender, Glenn-Milo Santos, Carissa Villanueva, Shoshana Arai
BACKGROUND: Filipino Americans are the second largest Asian subgroup in the United States, and were found to have the highest prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared to all Asian subgroups and non-Hispanic whites. In addition to genetic factors, risk factors for Filipinos that contribute to this health disparity include high sedentary rates and high fat diets. However, Filipinos are seriously underrepresented in preventive health research. Research is needed to identify effective interventions to reduce Filipino diabetes risks, subsequent comorbidities, and premature death...
September 8, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548504/understanding-the-importance-of-context-a-qualitative-study-of-a-location-based-exergame-to-enhance-school-childrens-physical-activity
#10
Judy Robertson, Ruth Jepson, Andrew Macvean, Stuart Gray
Many public health interventions are less effective than expected in 'real life settings', yet little work is undertaken to understand the reasons why. The effectiveness of complex public health interventions can often be traced back to a robust programme theory (how and why an intervention brings about a change in outcome(s)) and assumptions that are made about the context in which it is implemented. Understanding whether effectiveness (or lack thereof) is due to the intervention or the context is hugely helpful in decisions about whether to a) modify the intervention; b) modify the context; c) stop providing the intervention...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542325/evaluation-of-a-behavioral-mobile-phone-app-intervention-for-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
Shivani Goyal, Gary Lewis, Catherine Yu, Michael Rotondi, Emily Seto, Joseph A Cafazzo
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) struggle with the management of their condition due to difficulty relating lifestyle behaviors with glycemic control. While self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) has proven to be effective for those treated with insulin, it has been shown to be less beneficial for those only treated with oral medications or lifestyle modification. We hypothesized that the effective self-management of non-insulin treated T2DM requires a behavioral intervention that empowers patients with the ability to self-monitor, understand the impact of lifestyle behaviors on glycemic control, and adjust their self-care based on contextualized SMBG data...
August 19, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535717/protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-mobile-text-messaging-to-promote-retention-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-burkina-faso
#12
Natascha Wagner, Denis Ouedraogo, Luis Artavia-Mora, Arjun Bedi, Boundia Alexandre Thiombiano
BACKGROUND: Retention in care and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) is a critical challenge in many African countries including Burkina Faso. Delivering text messaging (short message service, SMS) interventions through mobile phones may help facilitate health service delivery and improve patient health. Despite this potential, no evaluations have been delivered for national scale settings to demonstrate the impact of mobile health (mHealth) for PLHIV...
August 17, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468653/usage-and-dose-response-of-a-mobile-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-app-secondary-analysis-of-the-intervention-arm-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Elina Mattila, Raimo Lappalainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Essi Sairanen, Päivi Lappalainen, Leila Karhunen, Katri Peuhkuri, Riitta Korpela, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Miikka Ermes
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps offer a promising medium to deliver psychological interventions. A mobile app based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) was developed and studied in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). OBJECTIVE: To study usage metrics of a mobile ACT intervention and dose-response relationship between usage and improvement in psychological flexibility. METHODS: An RCT was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of different lifestyle interventions for overweight people with psychological stress...
July 28, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401475/the-effect-of-an-interactive-weekly-mobile-phone-messaging-on-retention-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-of-hiv-program-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-weltel-pmtct
#14
Patricia Opondo Awiti, Alessandra Grotta, Mia van der Kop, John Dusabe, Anna Thorson, Jonathan Mwangi, Rino Belloco, Richard Lester, Laura Ternent, Edwin Were, Anna Mia Ekström
BACKGROUND: Improving retention in prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programs is critical to optimize maternal and infant health outcomes, especially now that lifelong treatment is immediate regardless of CD4 cell count). The WelTel strategy of using weekly short message service (SMS) to engage patients in care in Kenya, where mobile coverage even in poor areas is widespread has been shown to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and viral load suppression among those on ART...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335237/a-mobile-health-lifestyle-program-for-prevention-of-weight-gain-in-young-adults-txt2bfit-nine-month-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Stephanie Ruth Partridge, Kevin McGeechan, Kate Balestracci, Lana Hebden, Annette Wong, Philayrath Phongsavan, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Mark F Harris, Adrian Bauman
BACKGROUND: The unprecedented rise in obesity among young adults, who have limited interaction with health services, has not been successfully abated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the maintenance outcomes of a 12-week mHealth intervention on prevention of weight gain in young adults and lifestyle behaviors at 9 months from baseline. METHODS: A two-arm, parallel, randomized controlled trial (RCT) with subjects allocated to intervention or control 1:1 was conducted in a community setting in Greater Sydney, Australia...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083784/young-people-s-views-and-experiences-of-a-mobile-phone-texting-intervention-to-promote-safer-sex-behavior
#16
Rebecca Sophia French, Ona McCarthy, Paula Baraitser, Kaye Wellings, Julia V Bailey, Caroline Free
BACKGROUND: The risk of poor sexual health, including unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), is greatest amongst young people. Innovative and acceptable interventions to improve sexual health are required. Mobile phone text messaging (short message service, SMS) interventions have the potential to reach large numbers of people at relatively low cost, but greater understanding is needed on how these interventions should be developed and how they work. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to explore young people's views of and experiences with a mobile phone text messaging intervention to promote safer sex behavior...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917096/therapeutic-alliance-with-a-fully-automated-mobile-phone-and-web-based-intervention-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Janine Clarke, Judith Proudfoot, Alexis Whitton, Mary-Rose Birch, Megan Boyd, Gordon Parker, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Andrea Fogarty
BACKGROUND: Studies of Internet-delivered psychotherapies suggest that clients report development of a therapeutic alliance in the Internet environment. Because a majority of the interventions studied to date have been therapist-assisted to some degree, it remains unclear whether a therapeutic alliance can develop within the context of an Internet-delivered self-guided intervention with no therapist support, and whether this has consequences for program outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study reports findings of a secondary analysis of data from 90 participants with mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety, and/or stress who used a fully automated mobile phone and Web-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) intervention called "myCompass" in a recent randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543909/breaking-open-the-black-box-isolating-the-most-potent-features-of-a-web-and-mobile-phone-based-intervention-for-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#18
Alexis E Whitton, Judith Proudfoot, Janine Clarke, Mary-Rose Birch, Gordon Parker, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
BACKGROUND: Internet-delivered mental health (eMental Health) interventions produce treatment effects similar to those observed in face-to-face treatment. However, there is a large degree of variation in treatment effects observed from program to program, and eMental Health interventions remain somewhat of a black box in terms of the mechanisms by which they exert their therapeutic benefit. Trials of eMental Health interventions typically use large sample sizes and therefore provide an ideal context within which to systematically investigate the therapeutic benefit of specific program features...
January 2015: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26441467/health-coaching-reduces-hba1c-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-from-a-lower-socioeconomic-status-community-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Noah Wayne, Daniel F Perez, David M Kaplan, Paul Ritvo
BACKGROUND: Adoptions of health behaviors are crucial for maintaining good health after type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) diagnoses. However, adherence to glucoregulating behaviors like regular exercise and balanced diet can be challenging, especially for people living in lower-socioeconomic status (SES) communities. Providing cost-effective interventions that improve self-management is important for improving quality of life and the sustainability of health care systems. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a health coach intervention with and without the use of mobile phones to support health behavior change in patients with type 2 diabetes...
October 5, 2015: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26360970/unconditional-cash-transfers-for-assistance-in-humanitarian-disasters-effect-on-use-of-health-services-and-health-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Frank Pega, Sze Yan Liu, Stefan Walter, Stefan K Lhachimi
BACKGROUND: Unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) are a common social protection intervention that increases income, a key social determinant of health, in disaster contexts in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of UCTs in improving health services use, health outcomes, social determinants of health, health care expenditure, and local markets and infrastructure in LMICs. We also compared the relative effectiveness of UCTs delivered in-hand with in-kind transfers, conditional cash transfers, and UCTs paid through other mechanisms...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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