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International health regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#1
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770461/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-the-adapted-self-regulation-questionnaire-assessing-autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-healthful-eating-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#2
V Quick, L M Lipsky, T R Nansel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the psychometric properties of 2 adapted Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) measures assessing youth with type 1 diabetes motivation internalization for healthful eating and their parents motivation internalization for providing healthy meals for the family. METHODS: External validity of the adapted SRQ was evaluated with respect to healthy eating attitudes (healthful eating self-efficacy, barriers, and outcome expectations) assessed by questionnaire, diet quality (Healthy Eating Index-2005 [HEI-2005]; Nutrient-Rich Foods Index 9...
May 16, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#3
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764110/reaching-outside-the-comfort-zone-realising-the-fctc-s-potential-for-public-health-governance-and-regulation-in-the-european-union-comment-on-the-legal-strength-of-international-health-instruments-what-it-brings-to-global-health-governance
#4
Florence Berteletti
In their paper, Nikogosian and Kickbusch show how the effects of the adoption by the World Health Organization (WHO) of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and its first Protocol extend beyond tobacco control and contribute to public health governance more broadly, by revealing new processes, institutions and instruments. While there are certainly good reasons to be optimistic about the impact of these instruments in the public health sphere, the experience of the FCTC's implementation in the context of the European Union (EU) shows that further efforts are still necessary for its full potential to be realised...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759077/regulating-pharmaceutical-companies-financial-largesse
#6
REVIEW
Ronen Avraham, Charles Silver
Nissanholtz-Gannot and Yenkellevich (NGY) explore the impact of a 2010 amendment to the Israeli National Health Insurance Law that requires annual reporting of payments from pharmaceutical companies (PCs) to doctors and healthcare organizations. The amendment was adopted to ensure transparency and to facilitate appropriate regulation of interest conflicts. To learn whether the amendment was having the desired effects, NGY interviewed multiple representatives of an assortment of stakeholders. They found broad agreement among the respondents that financial relationships between PCs and physicians should be transparent...
May 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755572/introducing-potential-key-proteins-and-pathways-in-human-laryngeal-cancer-a-system-biology-approach
#7
Hassan Peyvandi, Ali Asghar Peyvandi, Akram Safaei, Mona Zamanian Azodi, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani
The most common malignant neoplasm of the head and neck region is laryngeal cancer which presents a significant international health problem. The present study aims to screen potential proteins related to laryngeal cancer by network analysis to further understanding disease pathogenesis and biomarker discovery. Differentially expressed proteins were extracted from literatures of laryngeal cancer that compare proteome profiling of patient›s tissue with healthy controls. The PPI network analyzed for up and down regulated proteins with Cytoscape Version 3...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754216/the-patient-s-safety-and-access-to-experimental-drugs-after-the-termination-of-clinical-trials-regulations-and-trends
#8
Ricardo Eccard da Silva, Angélica Amorim Amato, Thiago do Rego Sousa, Marta Rodrigues de Carvalho, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi Novaes
PURPOSE: Participants' rights and safety must be guaranteed not only while a clinical trial is being conducted but also when a clinical trial finishes. The criteria for post-trial access to experimental drugs, however, are unclear in various countries. The objectives of this study were (i) to ascertain if there were regulations or guidelines related to patients' access to drugs after the end of clinical trials in the countries selected in the study and (ii) to analyze trends in post-trial access in countries classified by their level of economic development...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751859/-lack-of-measurable-clinical-or-knowledge-gains-from-resident-participation-in-noon-conference
#9
Nathaniel B Meyer, Kara Gaetke-Udager, Kimberly L Shampain, Amy Spencer, Richard H Cohan, Matthew S Davenport
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether noon conference attendance by diagnostic radiology residents is predictive of measurable performance. METHODS: This single-center retrospective Health Insurance and Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant cross-sectional study was considered "not regulated" by the institutional review board. All diagnostic radiology residents who began residency training from 2008 to 2012 were included (N = 54)...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751764/challenges-to-decision-making-processes-in-the-national-hta-agency-in-brazil-operational-procedures-evidence-use-and-recommendations
#10
Tania Yuka Yuba, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
BACKGROUND: The quality of the evidence used in health technology assessment (HTA) agency reports has been considered essential for decision-making processes and their legitimacy. In Brazil, CONITEC is the agency responsible for defining data mandatory for the submission of proposals for the incorporation of new technologies. The objective of this study was to analyse CONITEC recommendation reports, the type of scientific evidence used in them and their compliance with operational procedures...
May 11, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748937/switching-benefits-and-costs-in-the-irish-health-insurance-market-an-analysis-of-consumer-surveys
#11
Conor Keegan, Conor Teljeur, Brian Turner, Steve Thomas
Relatively little analysis has taken place internationally on the consumer-reported benefits and costs to switching insurer in multi-payer health insurance markets. Ideally, consumers should be willing to switch out of consideration for price and quality and switching should be able to take place without incurring significant switching costs. Costs to switching come in many forms and understanding the nature of these costs is necessary if policy interventions to improve market competition are to be successful...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747101/evaluation-of-regulatory-variation-and-theoretical-health-risk-for-pesticide-maximum-residue-limits-in-food
#12
Zijian Li
To evaluate whether pesticide maximum residue limits (MRLs) can protect public health, a deterministic dietary risk assessment of maximum pesticide legal exposure was conducted to convert global MRLs to theoretical maximum dose intake (TMDI) values by estimating the average food intake rate and human body weight for each country. A total of 114 nations (58% of the total nations in the world) and two international organizations, including the European Union (EU) and Codex (WHO) have regulated at least one of the most currently used pesticides in at least one of the most consumed agricultural commodities...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744870/circadian-nutritional-behaviours-and-cancer-risk-new-insights-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Bernard Srour, Sabine Plancoulaine, Valentina A Andreeva, Philippine Fassier, Chantal Julia, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mélanie Deschasaux, Paule Latino-Martel, Mathilde Touvier
Circadian disruption has been classified as probably carcinogenic to humans by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. The circadian clock is subject to environmental factors, particularly light exposure and food intake rhythms. However, the association between nutritional circadian behaviours and cancer is not well understood. We investigated the longitudinal associations between number of eating episodes, night-time fasting duration, time of first and last eating episodes, as well as nutritional quality of last eating episode, respectively, with breast and prostate cancer risks, the two main cancer locations in women and men respectively...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#14
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743083/policy-environment-for-prevention-control-and-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases-in-primary-health-care-in-kenya
#15
Gershim Asiki, Shuai Shao, Carol Wainana, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Tilahun N Haregu, Pamela A Juma, Shukri Mohammed, David Wambui, Enying Gong, Lijing L Yan, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) accounted for more than 10% of total deaths and 4% of total Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) in 2015 with a steady increase over the past decade. The main objective of this paper was to review the existing policies and their content in relation to prevention, control and management of CVDs at primary health care (PHC) level in Kenya. METHODS: A targeted document search in Google engine using keywords "Kenya national policy on cardiovascular diseases" and "Kenya national policy on non-communicable diseases (NCDs)" was conducted in addition to key informant interviews with Kenyan policy makers...
May 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740013/impact-of-technological-innovation-and-regulation-development-on-e-waste-toxicity-a-case-study-of-waste-mobile-phones
#16
Yu Chen, Mengjun Chen, Yungui Li, Bin Wang, Shu Chen, Zhonghui Xu
Technology innovation has accelerated progress in Information and Communications Technology (ICT), especially in the mobile phones sector. Concurrently, local, national, and international governments are enforcing stricter regulations to protect natural resources and human health. The paper attempts to address the question: Have technological innovations and regulation development had a positive impact on ecosystems and public health? We identified 36 waste mobile phones (WMPs) manufactured between 2002 and 2013, assessed their metals concentration, leachability, and potential impact on environment and human health using digestion, Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP), and USEtox model, respectively...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730648/metrological-traceability-and-harmonization-of-medical-tests-a-quantum-leap-forward-is-needed-to-keep-pace-with-globalization-and-stringent-ivd-regulations-in-the-21st-century
#17
Christa Cobbaert, Nico Smit, Philippe Gillery
In our efforts to advance the profession and practice of clinical laboratory medicine, strong coordination and collaboration are needed more than ever before. At the dawn of the 21st century, medical laboratories are facing many unmet clinical needs, a technological revolution promising a plethora of better biomarkers, financial constraints, a growing scarcity of well-trained laboratory technicians and a sharply increasing number of International Organization for Standardization guidelines and new regulations to which medical laboratories should comply in order to guarantee safety and effectiveness of medical test results...
May 7, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730599/a-social-change-perspective-on-injury-prevention-in-china
#18
Joan Ozanne-Smith, Qingfeng Li
INTRODUCTION: China has undergone massive social change over the past four decades. Since national estimates became available in 1987, the overall fatal injury rate has decreased. This paper investigates targeted interventions and sociodemographic factors that may have contributed to fatal injury rate changes particularly for road traffic fatality (RTF), suicide and drowning. AIMS: (1) To review the recent epidemiology of injury in China.(2)To investigate factors influencing trends in overall and specific cause injury mortality rates...
May 5, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727173/cigarette-filter-ventilation-and-smoking-protocol-influence-aldehyde-smoke-yields
#19
Charlotte G G M Pauwels, Walther N M Klerx, Jeroen L A Pennings, Agnes W Boots, Frederik Jan van Schooten, Antoon Opperhuizen, Reinskje Talhout
The WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg) advised regulating and lowering toxicant levels in cigarette smoke. Aldehydes are one of the chemical classes on the TobReg smoke toxicants priority list. To provide insight in factors determining aldehyde yields, the levels of 12 aldehydes in mainstream cigarette smoke of 11 Dutch brands were quantified. Variations in smoking behavior and cigarette design affecting human exposure to aldehydes were studied by using four different machine testing protocols...
May 4, 2018: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714596/use-of-proprietary-names-by-prescribers-when-prescribing-over-the-counter-otc-drug-products
#20
Chi-Ming Tu
BACKGROUND: To identify if proprietary names are used by health care practitioners when prescribing over-the-counter (OTC) drug products. These findings can inform evaluation of proposed proprietary names for both prescription and OTC drug products. METHODS: QuintilesIMS OTC International Market Tracking (QuintilesIMS OTCIMS) was used to identify top OTC drug products sold to the consumers from US retail store outlets in year 2011. QuintilesIMS's Vector One: National (VONA) was used to identify prescribers' use of proprietary names by examining drug use data from 2003 to 2011 for the top OTC products identified from QuintilesIMS OTCIMS...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
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