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International health regulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#1
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327233/dcaf1-is-involved-in-hcv-replication-through-regulation-of-mir-122
#2
Yanling Yan, Conghui Li, Binlian Sun, Rongge Yang
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a worldwide threaten to human health with a high ratio of chronic infections. Recently, we found that Vpr-mediated regulation of HCV replication depends on the host protein DDB1-Cul4 associate factor 1 (DCAF1), implying that DCAF1 might be involved in the replication of HCV. In this study, we demonstrated that DCAF1 knockdown reduced HCV replication both in the infectious (JFH1) and replicon (Con1) systems. Further investigation showed a negative regulation of HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation by DCAF1...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314356/the-alcohol-environment-protocol-a-new-tool-for-alcohol-policy
#3
Sally Casswell, Neo Morojele, Petal Petersen Williams, Surasak Chaiyasong, Ross Gordon, Gaile Gray-Philip, Pham Viet Cuong, Anne-Marie MacKintosh, Sharon Halliday, Renee Railton, Steve Randerson, Charles D H Parry
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: To report data on the implementation of alcohol policies regarding availability and marketing, and drink driving, along with ratings of enforcement from two small high-income to three high-middle income countries, and one low-middle income country. METHOD: This study uses the Alcohol Environment Protocol, an International Alcohol Control study research tool, which documents the alcohol policy environment by standardised collection of data from administrative sources, observational studies and interviews with key informants to allow for cross-country comparison and change over time...
January 4, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311440/understanding-the-administrative-regulation-on-occupational-health-and-trend-in-china
#4
Zhijun Zhou
With the immense economic growth and social development, China has gained worldwide attention. With the quick growth of industrialization, several international professionals are gaining interest in occupational management system and in the role of the Chinese Government in protecting the worker's health. The Law on Prevention and Control of Occupational Diseases and the Work Safety Law are the two most important laws in China, which highlight the responsibilities of the employer, employee, governmental agencies, authorized occupational health service agency, and other stakeholders...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305437/dementia-in-latin-america-assessing-the-present-and-envisioning-the-future
#5
REVIEW
Mario A Parra, Sandra Baez, Ricardo Allegri, Ricardo Nitrini, Francisco Lopera, Andrea Slachevsky, Nilton Custodio, David Lira, Olivier Piguet, Fiona Kumfor, David Huepe, Patricia Cogram, Thomas Bak, Facundo Manes, Agustin Ibanez
The demographic structure of Latin American countries (LAC) is fast approaching that of developing countries, and the predicted prevalence of dementia in the former already exceeds the latter. Dementia has been declared a global challenge, yet regions around the world show differences in both the nature and magnitude of such a challenge. This article provides evidence and insights on barriers which, if overcome, would enable the harmonization of strategies to tackle the dementia challenge in LAC. First, we analyze the lack of available epidemiologic data, the need for standardizing clinical practice and improving physician training, and the existing barriers regarding resources, culture, and stigmas...
January 5, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302106/brucella-canis-an-update-on-research-and-clinical-management
#6
REVIEW
Kevin L Cosford
In Canada, Brucella canis remains a potentially devastating infectious agent that is still considered uncommon, despite the increasing international movement of dogs. There may be a growing risk to the Canadian canine population due to a reliance on outdated seroprevalence studies and the lack of federal regulation. With the complex diagnostic and management challenges associated with Brucella canis, a One Health approach is necessary to address the need for ongoing research, including updating canine and human seroprevalence rates in Canada, elucidating the pathogenesis, and determining the most appropriate treatment and prevention strategies...
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301149/-barriers-to-digitalisation-of-healthcare-in-germany-a-survey-of-experts
#7
Pascal Nohl-Deryk, Jesaja Kenneth Brinkmann, Ferdinand Michael Gerlach, Jonas Schreyögg, Dmitrij Achelrod
BACKGROUND: Digital health is a growing area in healthcare with a huge potential. Nevertheless, the degree of digitalization in German healthcare is low when compared internationally and with other German industries. Despite political efforts, certain barriers seem to strongly impede the process of digitalization process in healthcare. METHOD: We surveyed 18 representative healthcare experts from various sectors with semi-structured interviews on barriers and solutions for digital health...
January 4, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299731/micrornas-as-effective-surrogate-biomarkers-for-early-diagnosis-of-oral-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Min Cao, Lijuan Zheng, Jianzhou Liu, Thomas Dobleman, Shen Hu, Vay Liang W Go, Ge Gao, Gary Guishan Xiao
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OC) are life-threatening diseases emerging as major international health concerns. OBJECTIVE: Development of an efficient clinical strategy for early diagnosis of the disease is a key for reducing the death rate. Biomarkers are proven to be an effective approach for clinical diagnosis of cancer. Although mechanisms underlying regulation of oral malignancy are still unclear, microRNAs (miRNAs) as a group of small non-coded RNAs may be developed as the effective biomarkers used for early detection of oral cancer...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287628/sex-differences-in-the-brain-implications-for-behavioral-and-biomedical-research
#9
REVIEW
Elena Choleris, Liisa A M Galea, Farida Sohrabji, Karyn M Frick
Biological differences between males and females are found at multiple levels. However, females have too often been under-represented in behavioral neuroscience research, which has stymied the study of potential sex differences in neurobiology and behavior. This review focuses on the study of sex differences in the neurobiology of social behavior, memory, emotions, and recovery from brain injury, with particular emphasis on the role of estrogens in regulating forebrain function. This work, presented by the authors at the 2016 meeting of the International Behavioral Neuroscience Society, emphasizes varying approaches from several mammalian species in which sex differences have not only been documented, but also become the focus of efforts to understand the mechanistic basis underlying them...
February 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280372/the-international-health-regulations-ihr-%C3%A2-10-years-of-global-public-health-security
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280081/how-to-adapt-chemical-risk-assessment-for-unconventional-hydrocarbon-extraction-related-to-the-water-system
#11
Ann-Hélène Faber, Mark Annevelink, Herman Kasper Gilissen, Paul Schot, Marleen van Rijswick, Pim de Voogt, Annemarie van Wezel
We identify uncertainties and knowledge gaps of chemical risk assessment related to unconventional drillings and propose adaptations. We discuss how chemical risk assessment in the context of unconventional oil and gas (UO&G) activities differs from conventional chemical risk assessment and the implications for existing legislation. A UO&G suspect list of 1,386 chemicals that might be expected in the UO&G water samples was prepared which can be used for LC-HRMS suspect screening. We actualize information on reported concentrations in UO&G-related water...
December 27, 2017: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277905/aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-based-bioassays-for-dioxin-detection-thinking-outside-the-box
#12
REVIEW
Gaston Otarola, Hector Castillo, Sylvain Marcellini
Despite intensive media coverage and international regulations, man-made persistent organic pollutants such as dioxins represent a serious environmental and health threat. Their detection by sophisticated chromatography technologies is highly complex, impeding the constant monitoring of food or environmental samples. This limitation has fostered the development of generations of bioassays exploiting the molecular function of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), which binds toxic compounds and directly activates the transcription of target genes...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260414/orthorexic-eating-behaviors-related-to-exercise-addiction-and-internal-motivations-in-a-sample-of-university-students
#13
Crystal D Oberle, Ryan S Watkins, Andrew J Burkot
PURPOSE: This research explored the exercise tendencies and motivations of individuals varying in orthorexia symptomatology. METHOD: Participants were 411 university students, who completed the Eating Habits Questionnaire alongside measures of exercise activity and addiction in Study 1 (a modified version of the Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire, the Exercise Addiction Inventory, and the Compulsive Exercise Test) and various exercise motivations in Study 2 (the Behavioural Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire and the Exercise Motivations Inventory-2)...
December 20, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251690/cost-effective-hearing-conservation-regulatory-and-research-priorities
#14
Robert A Dobie
Hearing conservation programs (HCPs) mandated by the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) cost about $350/worker/year. Are they cost-effective? A cross-sectional model of the US adult population with and without HCPs incorporates (1) the American Medical Association's method for estimating binaural hearing impairment and whole-person impairment; (2) the model of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for estimating both age-related and noise-induced hearing loss; and (3) an acceptable cost of $50,000 per quality-adjusted life year...
December 14, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247692/granzyme-b-in-skin-inflammation-and-disease
#15
REVIEW
Christopher T Turner, Darielle Lim, David J Granville
Granzyme B (GzmB) is a serine protease emerging as an important mediator of skin injury, inflammation and repair. Found at low levels in healthy skin, GzmB is dramatically elevated in chronic disease and inflammatory skin disorders, including diabetic ulcers, hypertrophic scarring, autoimmune skin disorders, cutaneous leishmaniasis and aging skin. Traditionally known for its pro-apoptotic function, the role of GzmB in disease has been redefined due to the discovery of additional activities involving the cleavage of extracellular matrix proteins, epithelial barrier disruption, fibrosis, vascular permeability, anoikis, inflammation and autoimmunity...
December 13, 2017: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242175/developing-mhealth-messages-to-promote-postmenstrual-regulation-contraceptive-use-in-bangladesh-participatory-interview-study
#16
Elisabeth Eckersberger, Erin Pearson, Kathryn Andersen, Altaf Hossain, Katharine Footman, Kamal Kanti Biswas, Sadid Nuremowla, Kate Reiss
BACKGROUND: Abortions are restricted in Bangladesh, but menstrual regulation is an approved alternative, defined as a procedure of regulating the menstrual cycle when menstruation is absent for a short duration. Use of contraception after menstrual regulation can reduce subsequent unintended pregnancy, but in Bangladesh, the contraceptive method mix is dominated by short-term methods, which have higher discontinuation and failure rates. Mobile phones are a channel via which menstrual regulation clients could be offered contraceptive support after leaving the clinic...
December 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239640/bad-behavior-keeps-you-up-at-night-counterproductive-work-behaviors-and-insomnia
#17
Zhenyu Yuan, Christopher M Barnes, Yongjuan Li
Drawing from recent research on counterproductive work behaviors (CWB) and moral self-regulation literature, we examine the intraindividual consequences of engaging in CWB. We posit that CWB represents morally discrediting work behaviors that can lead to moral deficits, create distress for perpetrators and ultimately result in insomnia. Specifically, we hypothesized that on days in which employees engage in CWB, they will tend to experience moral deficits and heightened levels of rumination that undermine their sleep that night...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#18
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237496/government-policy-interventions-to-reduce-human-antimicrobial-use-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Susan Rogers Van Katwyk, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Marc Mendelson, Monica Taljaard, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a recognized threat to global public health. Increasing AMR and a dry pipeline of novel antimicrobial drugs have put AMR in the international spotlight. One strategy to combat AMR is to reduce antimicrobial drug consumption. Governments around the world have been experimenting with different policy interventions, such as regulating where antimicrobials can be sold, restricting the use of last-resort antimicrobials, funding AMR stewardship programs, and launching public awareness campaigns...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236313/micrornas-and-exosomes-in-depression-potential-diagnostic-biomarkers
#20
Jahanshir Tavakolizadeh, Kambiz Roshanaei, Arash Salmaninejad, Reza Yari, Javid Sadri Nahand, Hoda Khoshdel Sarkarizi, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi, Reza Salarinia, Majid Rahmati, Seyed Farshid Mousavi, Ryan Mokhtari, Hamed Mirzaei
Depression is known as one of important psychiatric disorders which could be associated with disability among various populations. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) and international statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (ICD-10) could be used as subjective diagnostic schemes for identification of mental disorders such as depression. Utilization of subjective diagnostic schemes are associated with limitations. Hence, it seems that employing of new diagnosis platforms is required...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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