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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458181/hospitalization-burden-associated-with-malignant-neoplasia-and-in-situ-carcinoma-in-vulva-and-vagina-during-a-5-year-period-2009-2013-in-spain-an-epidemiological-study
#1
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Jose Manuel Ramón Y Cajal, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Vulvar and vaginal cancers are considered rare cancers in women. Human Papillomavirus is responsible for 30%-76% of them. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of vulva and vagina from 2009 to 2013, in Spain METHODS: This observational, descriptive study used discharge information obtained from the national surveillance system for hospital data, Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos, CMBD, provided by the Ministry of Health...
February 16, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457624/-coordinated-heart-failure-care-in-poland-towards-optimal-organisation-of-the-health-care-system
#2
Jadwiga Nessler, Adam Kozierkiewicz, Andrzej Gackowski, Piotr Ponikowski, Ewa Straburzynska-Migaj, Izabella Uchmanowicz, Piotr Hoffman, Krzysztof Chlebus, Grzegorz Gielerak, Mariusz Gąsior, Tomasz Grodzicki, Jakub Gierczyński, Piotr Jankowski, Jarosław Kaźmierczak, Jacek Legutko, Przemysław Leszek, Maciej Miłkowski, Grzegorz Opolski, Piotr Rozentryt, Adam Windak, Adam Witkowski, Mirosław J Wysocki, Andrzej Zapaśnik, Tomasz Zdrojewski
Heart failure has becoming an increasing medical, economic, and social problem globally. The prevalence of this syndrome is rising, and despite unequivocal positive effects of modern therapy, reduction of mortality has been achieved at the cost of more frequent hospitalisations. Unlike in many European countries, in Poland heart failure is usually recognised later, at a more advanced stage of the disease, leaving less time for ambulatory treatment and resulting in a high number of hospitalisations. The current paper presents the most important data regarding morbidity and mortality due to heart failure in Poland...
2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457469/development-of-an-operational-manual-for-a-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-service
#3
Anne Pf Wand, Swapnil Sharma, Lindsay J Carpenter, Mike Gatsi
OBJECTIVES: Consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP) services sit between mental health and the general hospital, and risk being poorly understood by both systems. The aim of this study was to develop an operational manual for a CLP service, which defined functions and governance. METHODS: The CLP literature was reviewed with a focus on descriptions of CLP roles, organisational processes, quality measures and service development. The CLP team held service planning meetings and met with members of the mental health and hospital executives...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457460/stressful-surfaces-cell-metabolism-on-a-poorly-adhesive-substrate
#4
Richard L Surmaitis, Carlos J Arias, Joseph B Schlenoff
The adhesion and proliferation of cells are exquisitely sensitive to the nature of the surface to which they attach. Aside from cell counting, cell "health" on surfaces is typically established by measuring the metabolic rate with dyes that participate in the metabolic pathway or using "live/dead" assays with combinations of membrane permeable/impermeable dyes. The binary information gleaned from these tests-whether cells are attached or not, and whether they are living or dead-provides an incomplete picture of cell health...
February 19, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457323/anticoagulation-knowledge-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-an-australian-survey
#5
Kehinde O Obamiro, Leanne Chalmers, Kenneth Lee, Bonnie J Bereznicki, Luke R E Bereznicki
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly diagnosed arrhythmia in clinical practice, and is associated with a significant medical and economic burden. Anticoagulants reduce the risk of stroke and systemic embolism by approximately two-thirds compared with no therapy. Knowledge regarding anticoagulant therapy can influence treatment outcomes in patients with AF. OBJECTIVE: To measure the level of anticoagulation knowledge in patients with AF taking oral anticoagulants (OACs), investigate the association between patient-related factors and anticoagulation knowledge, and compare these results in patients taking warfarin and direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOACs)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456898/passive-radar-for-opportunistic-monitoring-in-e-health-applications
#6
Wenda Li, Bo Tan, Robert Piechocki
This paper proposes a passive Doppler radar as a non-contact sensing method to capture human body movements, recognize respiration, and physical activities in e-Health applications. The system uses existing in-home wireless signal as the source to interpret human activity. This paper shows that passive radar is a novel solution for multiple healthcare applications which complements traditional smart home sensor systems. An innovative two-stage signal processing framework is outlined to enable the multi-purpose monitoring function...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456855/metformin-and-aspirin-treatment-could-lead-to-an-improved-survival-rate-for-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-stage-ii-and-iii-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-relative-to-non-diabetic-patients
#7
Ariella De Monte, Davide Brunetti, Luigi Cattin, Francesca Lavanda, Erica Naibo, Maria Malagoli, Giorgio Stanta, Serena Bonin
Metformin, the drug of choice in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), in addition to aspirin (ASA), the drug prescribed for cardioprotection of diabetic and non-diabetic patients, have an inhibitory effect on cancer cell survival. The present population-based study conducted in the province of Trieste (Italy), aimed to investigate the prevalence of DM2 in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRC) and survival for CRC in diabetic and nondiabetic patients. All permanent residents diagnosed with a CRC between 2004 and 2007 were ascertained through the regional health information system...
March 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456590/delayed-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-bukavu-south-kivu-eastern-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Richard Mbusa Kambale, Jérémie Bisimwa Buliga, Nancy Francisca Isia, Adolphe Nyakasane Muhimuzi, Oreste Battisti, Bruno Masumbuko Mungo
Background: Timely initiation of breastfeeding can decrease neonatal mortality. However, about 50% of newborns are not breastfeed within 1 h of birth in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with delayed initiation of breastfeeding in an urban and rural area of Bukavu, South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo. Methods: We interviewed 396 mother-newborn pairs (185 in the urban area and 211 in the rural area) between 20 July and 10 October 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455764/management-protocols-for-chronic-heart-failure-in-india
#9
S Mishra, J C Mohan, Tiny Nair, V K Chopra, S Harikrishnan, S Guha, S Ramakrishnan, S Ray, R Sethi, U C Samal, K Sarat Chandra, M S Hiremath, A K Banerjee, S Kumar, M K Das, P K Deb, V K Bahl
Heart failure is a common clinical syndrome and a global health priority. The burden of heart failure is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide as well as in India. Heart failure not only increases the risk of mortality, morbidity and worsens the patient's quality of life, but also puts a huge burden on the overall healthcare system. The management of heart failure has evolved over the years with the advent of new drugs and devices. This document has been developed with an objective to provide standard management guidance and simple heart failure algorithms to aid Indian clinicians in their daily practice...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455686/cost-utility-analysis-of-private-contracting-to-reduce-public-waiting-times-for-joint-replacement-surgery
#10
Jonathan Karnon, Bahareh Mesgarian Haghighi, Babu Sajjad, Sokunthea Yem, Anuji Gamage, Aaron Thorpe
OBJECTIVES: Earlier treatment of publicly funded patients may achieve health gains that justify the additional costs of reducing waiting times. This study reports on the cost-effectiveness of implementing a private contracting model to meet alternative maximum waiting time targets for publicly funded patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery in Australia. METHODS: A linked decision tree and cohort Markov model was developed and populated and validated using secondary data sources to represent the pathways, costs, and quality adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained of non-urgent patients with alternative waiting times for total knee replacement surgery to a maximum age of 100 years...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455383/healthcare-experiences-of-low-income-women-with-prior-gestational-diabetes
#11
Reena Oza-Frank, Elizabeth Conrey, Jo Bouchard, Cynthia Shellhaas, Mary Beth Weber
Introduction An important yet understudied component of postpartum type 2 diabetes risk reduction among high risk women is experiences with the healthcare system. Our objective was to describe the healthcare experiences of a diverse, low-income sample of women with prior GDM, including their suggestions for improving care. Methods Focus groups were conducted among African American, Hispanic, and Appalachian women who were diagnosed with GDM within the past 10 years. Participants were recruited from community and medical resources...
February 17, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455125/trends-in-analytical-techniques-applied-to-particulate-matter-characterization-a-critical-review-of-fundaments-and-applications
#12
REVIEW
Elson Silva Galvão, Jane Meri Santos, Ana Teresa Lima, Neyval Costa Reis, Marcos Tadeu D'Azeredo Orlando, Richard Michael Stuetz
Epidemiological studies have shown the association of airborne particulate matter (PM) size and chemical composition with health problems affecting the cardiorespiratory and central nervous systems. PM also act as cloud condensation nuclei (CNN) or ice nuclei (IN), taking part in the clouds formation process, and therefore can impact the climate. There are several works using different analytical techniques in PM chemical and physical characterization to supply information to source apportionment models that help environmental agencies to assess damages accountability...
February 12, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454518/use-of-a-new-global-indicator-for-vaccine-safety-surveillance-and-trends-in-adverse-events-following-immunization-reporting-2000-2015
#13
Jiayao Lei, Madhava Ram Balakrishnan, Jane F Gidudu, Patrick L F Zuber
Reporting of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) is a key component for functional vaccine safety monitoring system. The aim of our study is to document trends in the AEFI reporting ratio globally and across the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions. We describe the number of AEFI reports communicated each year through the World Health Organization/United Nations Children's Fund Joint Reporting Form on Immunization from 2000 to 2015. The AEFI reporting ratios (annual AEFI reports per 100,000 surviving infants) were calculated to identify WHO countries (n = 191 in 2000 and n = 194 by 2015) that met a minimal reporting ratio of 10, a target set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan for vaccine safety monitoring as a proxy measure for a functional AEFI reporting system...
February 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454356/multiple-forms-of-discrimination-and-relationships-with-health-and-wellbeing-findings-from-national-cross-sectional-surveys-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#14
Donna Cormack, James Stanley, Ricci Harris
BACKGROUND: The complex ways in which experiences of discrimination are patterned in society, including the exposure of communities to multiple overlapping forms of discrimination within social systems of oppression, is increasingly recognised in the health sciences. However, research examining the impacts on health and contribution to racial/ethnic health inequities remains limited. This study aims to contribute to the field by exploring the prevalence and patterning of experience of multiple forms of discrimination in Aotearoa/New Zealand, and associations with health and wellbeing...
February 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454198/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-suicide-death-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Jin-Young Min, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
Suicide is a major public health problem. Previous studies have reported a significant association between acute exposure to air pollution and suicide; little attention has been paid to the long-term effects of air pollution on risk of suicide. We investigated whether long-term exposure to particulate matter of ≤10μm in diameter (PM 10 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) would be associated with a greater risk of death by suicide. The study sample comprised 265,749 adults enrolled in the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (2002-2013) in South Korea...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454107/archetype-modeling-methodology
#16
David Moner, José Alberto Maldonado, Montserrat Robles
Clinical Information Models (CIMs) expressed as archetypes play an essential role in the design and development of current Electronic Health Record (EHR) information structures. Although there exist many experiences about using archetypes in the literature, a comprehensive and formal methodology for archetype modeling does not exist. Having a modeling methodology is essential to develop quality archetypes, in order to guide the development of EHR systems and to allow the semantic interoperability of health data...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453906/positive-implications-from-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-across-two-philippines-regions
#17
Torres Woolley, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Siega-Sur, Simone Ross, Andre-Jacques Neusy, Servando Halili, Carole Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack access to quality health services, largely because of geographic and socioeconomic maldistribution of qualified practitioners. This study describes differences between the practice locations of Philippines medical graduates from two 'socially accountable, community-engaged' health professional education (SAHPE) schools and the practice locations of graduates from two 'conventionally trained' medical schools located in the same respective geographic regions...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453793/cross-cultural-comparison-of-predictors-for-self-care-behaviors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Kaori Ikeda, Shimpei Fujimoto, Beth Morling, Shiho Ayano-Takahara, Shin-Ichi Harashima, Yukiko Uchida, Nobuya Inagaki
The aim of this study is to evaluate how culture moderates the behavioral and psychosocial predictors of diabetes self-care activities. Patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited in the outpatient department at two sites: Kyoto University hospital in Japan and the Christiana Care Health System in the United States. The data was collected by survey using questionnaires including questions on the frequency of self-care activities, behavioral and psychosocial predictors, and other background information from 149 Japanese patients and 48 American patients...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453717/u-tube-based-near-surface-environmental-monitoring-in-the-shenhua-carbon-dioxide-capture-and-storage-ccs-project
#19
Qi Li, Ranran Song, Hui Shi, Jianli Ma, Xuehao Liu, Xiaochun Li
The CO 2 injected into deep formations during implementation of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and storage (CCS) technology may leak and migrate into shallow aquifers or ground surfaces through a variety of pathways over a long period. The leaked CO 2 can threaten shallow environments as well as human health. Therefore, almost all monitoring programs for CCS projects around the world contain near-surface monitoring. This paper presents a U-tube based near-surface monitoring technology focusing on its first application in the Shenhua CCS demonstration project, located in the Ordos Basin, Inner Mongolia, China...
January 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453168/spatial-temporal-cluster-analysis-of-mortality-from-road-traffic-injuries-using-geographic-information-systems-in-west-of-iran-during-2009-2014
#20
Alireza Zangeneh, Farid Najafi, Saeed Karimi, Shahram Saeidi, Neda Izadi
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are considered as one of the most important health problems endangering people's life. The examination of the geographical distribution of RTIs could help policymakers in better planning to reduce RTIs. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the spatial-temporal clustering of mortality from RTIs in West of Iran. METHODS: Deaths from RTIs, registered in Forensic Medicine Organization of Kermanshah province over a period of six years (2009-2014), were used...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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