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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528373/the-association-between-primary-source-of-healthcare-coverage-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-us-veterans
#1
Folasade P May, Elizabeth M Yano, Dawn Provenzale, W Neil Steers, Donna L Washington
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a deadly but largely preventable disease. Screening improves outcomes, but screening rates vary across healthcare coverage models. In the Veterans Health Administration (VA), screening rates are high; however, it is unknown how CRC screening rates compare for Veterans with other types of healthcare coverage. AIMS: To determine whether Veterans with Veteran-status-related coverage (VA, military, TRICARE) have higher rates of CRC screening than Veterans with alternate sources of healthcare coverage...
May 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528371/assessment-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-eq-5d-3l-and-eq-5d-5l-instruments-in-psoriasis
#2
John Yfantopoulos, Athanasios Chantzaras, Stathis Kontodimas
The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the five-level (EQ-5D-5L) in comparison with the standard three-level (EQ-5D-3L) classification systems of the EQ-5D in a sample of psoriatic patients. Psoriatic subjects (n = 396) recruited from 16 private practicing centers from various areas of Greece self-completed the two EQ-5D versions and the Dermatology Life Quality Index, while information was also collected on socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and comorbidities. The EQ-5D-5L and EQ-5D-3L were evaluated in terms of agreement, feasibility, ceiling effects, redistribution properties, inconsistency, informativity, and convergent and known-groups validity...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527794/farmers-preferences-for-automatic-lameness-detection-systems-in-dairy-cattle
#3
T Van De Gucht, W Saeys, A Van Nuffel, L Pluym, K Piccart, L Lauwers, J Vangeyte, S Van Weyenberg
As lameness is a major health problem in dairy herds, a lot of attention goes to the development of automated lameness-detection systems. Few systems have made it to the market, as most are currently still in development. To get these systems ready for practice, developers need to define which system characteristics are important for the farmers as end users. In this study, farmers' preferences for the different characteristics of proposed lameness-detection systems were investigated. In addition, the influence of sociodemographic and farm characteristics on farmers' preferences was assessed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527507/it-takes-two-to-tango-engaging-patients-and-providers-with-portals
#4
REVIEW
Sachin D Shah, David Liebovitz
Patient portals are designed to be tools to more fully engage patients in their health care and help enable them to better manage their own health information. As the U.S. health care system rapidly adopted electronic health records (EHRs) over the past decade, many with linked patient portals, enthusiasm and expectations for this new technology as a means to engage and empower patients grew. Most patient portals have a set of core features designed to facilitate health care transactions, information tracking, and communication with care team members...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527506/technology-enabled-population-health-management-two-communities-use-of-an-electronic-care-alert-system
#5
REVIEW
Todd Rowland, Jill Nielsen-Farrell, Kathy Church, Barbara Riddell
Population health management is an approach to improve the health outcomes of a specific group of people, such as frequent users of the emergency department or those at high-risk for hospital admissions. When combined with quality improvement strategies, the targeted application of health information exchange and health information technology (health IT) can swiftly move health care systems and providers from basic to advanced population health management. One such tool is an electronic alert system (alert system), which informs a provider or site about a patient's visit to the emergency department or hospital admission on a daily basis...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527502/selection-and-implementation-of-an-electronic-health-record
#6
REVIEW
Grant S Fletcher, Thomas H Payne
Electronic health records (EHRs) are now the standard of practice in most communities, because of transition to reimbursement that increasingly focuses on risk sharing and quality measurement, and government EHR incentive programs. The selection and implementation of an EHR is one of the most important decisions a practice faces. Organizing the search for an EHR that fits a practice, negotiating a contract, planning and successfully implementing an EHR are best accomplished with a well-informed, strong, multidisciplinary team using project management techniques...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527499/it-is-from-mars-and-physicians-from-venus-bridging-the-gap
#7
REVIEW
Mark E Huang
With increasing adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) and legislative mandates for its use within the United States, collaboration between physicians and information technology (IT) staff is essential. Current challenges that physicians face include addressing EHR usability, system performance, adequate training, issue resolution, regulatory compliance, and lack of awareness of IT roles. These challenges lead to gaps in communication between clinicians and IT staff. Strategies to improve collaboration between physicians and IT staff include increasing physician involvement with health information technology software development, involvement with legislative regulations and standards, IT project implementation, as well as system stabilization and optimization...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527498/electronic-health-record-transition-considerations
#8
REVIEW
Louis E Penrod
After an initial phase of electronic health record (EHR) solutions for both independent practices and larger health care organizations, we are now entering a period in which transitioning between EHRs is becoming more common. Many of the decisions and implementation processes for an EHR transition are similar to those encountered during the transition from paper records to an EHR. Detailed project planning and management are essential to keep the effort on track and within budget to a successful conclusion...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527495/consumer-mobile-health-apps-current-state-barriers-and-future-directions
#9
REVIEW
Cheng-Kai Kao, David M Liebovitz
This paper discusses the current state, barriers, and future directions of consumer-facing applications (apps). There are currently more than 165,000 mobile health apps publicly available in major app stores, the vast majority of which are designed for patients. The top 2 categories are wellness management and disease management apps, whereas other categories include self-diagnosis, medication reminder, and electronic patient portal apps. Apps specific to physical medicine and rehabilitation also are reviewed...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527341/unravelling-respiratory-syncytial-virus-outbreaks-in-buenos-aires-argentina-molecular-basis-of-the-spatio-temporal-transmission
#10
Gabriel Lihue Rojo, Stephanie Goya, Mariana Orellana, Andrea Sancilio, Alberto Rodriguez Perez, César Montali, Carolina García, Lilian Sosa, Alejandra Musto, Daniela Alvarez, Alejandro Castello, Mariana Viegas
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the main viral cause of hospitalization due to acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants worldwide. Several vaccines against RSV are under research and development, which are about to be approved. We evaluated transmission patterns in different settings to determine age-specific vaccination targets from a viral perspective. We sequenced the G glycoprotein's ectodomain of a constant clinical sampling between two epidemic outbreaks in a limited geographical region and performed phylogeographic analyses...
May 17, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527007/factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-glioma-patients-in-the-neuro-oncological-outpatient-setting
#11
Mirjam Renovanz, Marlene Hechtner, Mareile Janko, Karoline Kohlmann, Jan Coburger, Minou Nadji-Ohl, Jochem König, Florian Ringel, Susanne Singer, Anne-Katrin Hickmann
Objective of this study aimed at assessing glioma patients' supportive care needs in a neurosurgical outpatient setting and identifying factors that are associated with needs for support. In three neuro-oncological outpatient departments, glioma patients were assessed for their psychosocial needs using the Supportive Care Needs Survey short-form (SCNS-SF34-G). Associations between clinical, sociodemographic, treatment related factors as well as distress (measured with the distress thermometer) and supportive care needs were explored using multivariable general linear models...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526674/development-of-a-web-based-health-care-intervention-for-patients-with-heart-disease-lessons-learned-from-a-participatory-design-study
#12
Birgitte Noergaard, Marianne Sandvei, Nina Rottmann, Helle Johannessen, Uffe Wiil, Thomas Schmidt, Susanne S Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The use of telemedicine technologies in health care has increased substantially, together with a growing interest in participatory design methods when developing telemedicine approaches. OBJECTIVE: We present lessons learned from a case study involving patients with heart disease and health care professionals in the development of a personalized Web-based health care intervention. METHODS: We used a participatory design approach inspired by the method for feasibility studies in software development...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526665/the-sensor-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-of-self-management-checks-to-predict-exacerbations-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-patients-with-long-term-respiratory-conditions
#13
Claire Roberts, Thomas L Jones, Samal Gunatilake, Will Storrar, Scott Elliott, Sharon Glaysher, Ben Green, Steven Rule, Carole Fogg, Ann Dewey, Kevin A Auton, Anoop J Chauhan
BACKGROUND: There are an estimated three million people in the United Kingdom with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the incidence of bronchiectasis is estimated at around 0.1% but is more common in COPD and severe asthma. Both COPD and bronchiectasis are characterized by exacerbations in which bacteria play a central role. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is isolated from sputum samples from 4% to 15% of adults with COPD and is more likely to be isolated from patients with severe disease...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526074/oral-health-behaviour-in-migrant-and-non-migrant-adults-in-germany-the-utilization-of-regular-dental-check-ups
#14
Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury, Patrick Brzoska
BACKGROUND: Migrants in many European countries including Germany tend to utilize preventive measures less frequently than the majority population. Little is known about the dental health of migrants as well as about their oral health behaviour, particularly in the adult population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the uptake of annual dental check-ups in adult migrants and non-migrants in Germany. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional survey 'German Health Update 2010' conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 22,050)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526041/implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-strategy-to-transform-surgical-care-across-a-health-system
#15
Leah M Gramlich, Caroline E Sheppard, Tracy Wasylak, Loreen E Gilmour, Olle Ljungqvist, Carlota Basualdo-Hammond, Gregg Nelson
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have been shown to have a positive impact on outcome. The ERAS care system includes an evidence-based guideline, an implementation program, and an interactive audit system to support practice change. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of the Theoretic Domains Framework (TDF) in changing surgical care and application of the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) model to analyze end-to-end implementation of ERAS in colorectal surgery across multiple sites within a single health system...
May 19, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#16
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523725/differential-attenuation-of-nmr-signals-by-complementary-ion-exchange-resin-beads-for-de-novo-analysis-of-complex-metabolomics-mixtures
#17
Jiaqi Yuan, Bo Zhang, Rafael Bruschweiler
A primary goal of metabolomics is the characterization of a potentially very large number of metabolites that are part of complex mixtures. Application to biofluids and tissue samples offers insights into biochemical metabolic pathways and their role in health and disease. 1D 1H and 2D 13C-1H HSQC NMR spectra are most commonly used for this purpose. They yield quantitative information about each proton of the mixture, but not which protons belong to the same molecule. Interpretation requires the use of NMR spectral databases naturally limited to known metabolites...
May 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523579/primary-care-and-hepatology-provider-perceived-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-hepatitis-c-treatment-candidacy-and-adherence
#18
Shari S Rogal, Rory McCarthy, Andrea Reid, Keri L Rodriguez, Linda Calgaro, Krupa Patel, Molly Daley, Naudia L Jonassaint, Susan L Zickmund
BACKGROUND: Provider perceptions regarding barriers to and facilitators of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment initiation and adherence have not been fully evaluated in the interferon-free treatment era. New treatments have provided opportunities for non-specialists to treat HCV, underscoring the importance of understanding primary care provider (PCP) and specialist perspectives. METHODS: Based on qualitative sampling principles, 12 PCPs and 12 hepatology providers (HPs) from the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System completed audio-recorded semi-structured interviews...
May 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523493/the-socio-economic-impact-of-work-disability-due-to-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-brazil
#19
Renata de S B Fróes, Ana Teresa Pugas Carvalho, Antonio Jose de V Carneiro, Adriana Maria Hilu de Barros Moreira, Jessica P L Moreira, Ronir R Luiz, Heitor S de Souza
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might have economic and social impacts in Brazil, where its prevalence has increased recently. This study aimed to assess disability due to IBD in the Brazilian population and demographic factors potentially associated with absence from work. METHODS: Analysis was performed using the computerized Single System of Social Security Benefits Information, with a cross-check for aid pension and disability retirement, for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)...
May 18, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523234/the-effect-of-comt-val158met-and-drd2-c957t-polymorphisms-on-executive-function-and-the-impact-of-early-life-stress
#20
Kristel Klaus, Kevin Butler, Simon J Durrant, Manir Ali, Chris F Inglehearn, Timothy L Hodgson, Humberto Gutierrez, Kyla Pennington
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has indicated that variation in genes encoding catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) may influence cognitive function and that this may confer vulnerability to the development of mental health disorders such as schizophrenia. However, increasing evidence suggests environmental factors such as early life stress may interact with genetic variants in affecting these cognitive outcomes. This study investigated the effect of COMT Val158Met and DRD2 C957T polymorphisms on executive function and the impact of early life stress in healthy adults...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
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