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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26246884/effect-of-telephone-based-support-on-postpartum-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Hourieh Shamshiri Milani, Eznollah Azargashb, Narges Beyraghi, Sara Defaie, Taha Asbaghi
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is one public health issue that affects both maternal and child health. This research studies the effect of health volunteers' telephone- based support on decreasing PPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial evaluated 203 women who had uncomplicated deliveries. The women completed the Edinburg Postnatal Depres- sion Scale (EPDS), 10 to 15 days after childbirth in order to be assessed for pre-trial depression scores...
July 2015: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26125856/qualitative-analysis-of-the-vaginal-microbiota-of-healthy-cattle-and-cattle-with-genital-tract-disease
#2
N F Rodrigues, J Kästle, T J D Coutinho, A T Amorim, G B Campos, V M Santos, L M Marques, J Timenetsky, S T de Farias
The microbial community of the reproductive appara-tus, when known, can provide information about the health of the host. Metagenomics has been used to characterize and obtain genetic infor-mation about microbial communities in various environments and can relate certain diseases with changes in this community composition. In this study, samples of vaginal surface mucosal secretions were col-lected from five healthy cows and five cows that showed symptoms of reproductive disorders. Following high-throughput sequencing of the isolated microbial DNA, data were processed using the Mothur soft-ware to remove low-quality sequences and chimeras, and released to the Ribosomal Database Project for classification of operational taxo-nomic units (OTUs)...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26040077/nutritional-knowledge-and-dietary-habits-survey-in-high-school-population
#3
Dragana Milosavljević, Milena L Mandić, Ines Banjari
During adolescence, young people are in a sensitive transition period when they gradually take over the responsibility for their own eating habits, health attitudes and behaviours and create lifelong habits so it is essential that they adopt healthy habits according to dietary recommendations. Knowledge is one of the factors necessary for the changes in dietary habits. The'objective of this study was to gain insight in nutritional knowledge and dietary habits of adolescents. The sample included 117 adolescents aged 17-19 years...
March 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25797982/progress-toward-measles-elimination-in-kyrgyzstan
#4
Akbar Suvanbekov, Gulzhan Kitarova, Joshua A Reyer, Nobuyuki Hamajima
Measles is one of the most severe infectious diseases of childhood, and one of the major causes of mortali-ty, especially in developing countries. Despite rare measles outbreaks in recent years, Kyrgyzstan seeks to show its commitment towards the global anti-measles campaign. The aim of this article is to summarize the scattered information on the recent status of measles, valid surveillance system, and measles elimination strategies in Kyrgyzstan, based on sources that include non-confidential but usually inaccessible governmental data...
February 2015: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25030227/causal-model-structure-analysis-of-emotional-unrest-in-first-time-mothers-faced-with-persistent-infant-crying-6-7-weeks-postpartum
#5
Miwako Okamoto, Megumi Matsuoka
UNLABELLED: First time mothers faced with a continuously crying infant, who do not know how to stop their child from crying, are at risk of developing anxiety and other types of Emotional Unrest. Because continuous Emotional Unrest may lead to an emotional crisis, it is important for healthcare providers to understand causal factors associated with Emotional Unrest among first time mothers faced with a persistently crying infant 6-7 weeks postpartum. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out on a study population of 217 first time mothers with infants aged 6-7 weeks...
March 2009: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24824355/-harm-related-to-medical-device-use-legal-and-organisational-risks
#6
U M Hölscher
The effectiveness of the risk management systems established by medical device manufacturers and health-care facilities is clearly mitigated by European and national legal provisions. Laws, regulations and authorities prevent the systematic exchange of much safety-relevant information. The obligation to report adverse events is suspended for many relevant risks associated with medical device use. Reporting into the vigilance system is of little avail for users. Reporting even may endanger the information provider...
December 2014: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22863084/priorities-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-multidrug-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-hospitals
#7
REVIEW
A S Khan, S J Dancer, H Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDE) are a major public health threat due to international spread and few options for treatment. Furthermore, unlike meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), MDE encompass several genera and multiple resistance mechanisms, including extended-spectrum beta-lactamases and carbapenemases, which complicate detection in the routine diagnostic laboratory. Current measures to contain spread in many hospitals are somewhat ad hoc as there are no formal national or international guidelines...
October 2012: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20853195/domestic-violence-against-women-definitions-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-consequences
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marianne Flury, Elisabeth Nyberg, Anita Riecher-Rössler
Domestic violence is considered one of the most common forms of gender-related violence, and various studies estimate that between 10 and 35% of women experience domestic violence at some point in their lives. Nevertheless, it is a frequently neglected problem in crisis intervention centres, emergency wards, and obstetrics and gynaecological emergency rooms. This paper contributes to clarifying the definition, epidemiology, risk factors and consequences of domestic violence against women as well as the psychopathological profile of victims with a focus on Central European countries...
2010: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19237815/epidemiology-of-nutritional-rickets-in-children
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M S Al-Atawi, I A Al-Alwan, A N Al-Mutair, H M Tamim, N A Al-Jurayyan
In most developing countries, nutritional rickets is a major health problem. The aim of this study was to explore the magnitude of nutritional rickets among Saudi infants, and the various clinical presentations, as well as to address the possible operating risk factors behind the disease. We carried out a retrospective study at King Abdulaziz Medical City-King Fahad National Guard Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The records of Saudi infants under the age of 14 months over a 10-year period (between January 1990 and January 2000) were reviewed...
March 2009: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17023406/patient-information-needs-pre-and-post-consultation
#10
Simon J Attfield, Anne Adams, Ann Blandford
This paper presents findings from a study of information seeking behaviour by National Health Service patients which explored motivational triggers for infor- mation needs. Previous research has highlighted the importance of contextual elements in users' changing information needs. This paper highlights how those needs may centre on specific events: in particular, a patient's consultation with their doctor. Patients initiate information seeking to assess whether they need clinical intervention, in preparation for the patient-doctor consultation and to verify the diagnosis or treatment stemming from that consultation...
June 2006: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11440880/-cholera-in-tamatave-madagascar-february-july-2000-epidemiological-characteristics
#11
S Jaureguiberry, V Hentgen, N Raholiniana, D Rasolomahefa, M Belec
The seventh pandemic of cholera reached Madagascar in March 1999. In 15 months of dissemination, 31,095 people were infected, 5.8% of whom died. The first case in Madagascar was recorded in Tamatave (the second largest city and the island's main port, on the east coast) on February 29 2000. The health services of the district responded efficiently to the crisis. We carried out an epidemiological investigation to determine the characteristics of the outbreak in Tamatave. We retrospectively studied the records of patients consulting for diarrhea at the health centers of Tamatave from February 29 to June 30 2000...
April 2001: Santé: Cahiers D'étude et de Recherches Francophones
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