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Disease surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433738/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-virus-in-ticks-in-turkey-a-broad-range-tick-surveillance-study
#1
Ömer Orkun, Zafer Karaer, Ayşe Çakmak, Serpil Nalbantoğlu
In Turkey, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) outbreaks started in northern regions in 2002. Human cases still continue to increase and the disease spreads in many other provinces of Turkey. The ecological role of the vector tick species occurring in Turkey is not certain exactly. Therefore, we planned a broad range tick study in three different ecological and geographical areas extending from the West Black Sea regions down to the Central Anatolia. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize CCHFV molecularly in feeding-ticks collected from various wild and domestic animals and from humans as well as in questing and unfed ticks...
April 19, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433444/risk-of-ocular-hypertension-in-adults-with-noninfectious-uveitis
#2
Ebenezer Daniel, Maxwell Pistilli, Srishti Kothari, Naira Khachatryan, R Oktay Kaçmaz, Sapna S Gangaputra, H Nida Sen, Eric B Suhler, Jennifer E Thorne, C Stephen Foster, Douglas A Jabs, Robert B Nussenblatt, James T Rosenbaum, Grace A Levy-Clarke, Nirali P Bhatt, John H Kempen
PURPOSE: To describe the risk and risk factors for ocular hypertension (OHT) in adults with noninfectious uveitis. DESIGN: Retrospective, multicenter, cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged ≥18 years with noninfectious uveitis seen between 1979 and 2007 at 5 tertiary uveitis clinics. METHODS: Demographic, ocular, and treatment data were extracted from medical records of uveitis cases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalent and incident OHT with intraocular pressures (IOPs) of ≥21 mmHg, ≥30 mmHg, and increase of ≥10 mmHg from documented IOP recordings (or use of treatment for OHT)...
April 19, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433350/open-repair-of-chronic-thoracic-and-thoracoabdominal-aortic-dissection-using-deep-hypothermia-and-circulatory-arrest
#3
Joel Corvera, Hannah Copeland, David Blitzer, Adam Hicks, Joshua Manghelli, Philip Hess, John Fehrenbacher
BACKGROUND: Chronic dissection of the thoracic and thoracoabdominal aorta as sequela of a prior type A or B dissection is a challenging problem that requires close radiographic surveillance and prompt operative intervention in the presence of symptoms or aneurysm formation. Open repair of chronic thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic dissection using deep hypothermia has been our preferred method to treat this complex pathology. The advantages of this technique include organ and spinal cord protection, the flexibility to extend the repair proximally into the arch, and the ability to limit ischemia to all vascular beds...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433203/the-limitations-of-transforming-very-high-body-mass-indexes-into-z-scores-among-8-7-million-2-to-4-year-old-children
#4
David S Freedman, Nancy F Butte, Elsie M Taveras, Alyson B Goodman, Cynthia L Ogden, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among several body mass index (BMI) metrics (z-scores, percent of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95) and BMI minus 95th percentile (ΔBMIp95) as calculated in the growth charts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is known that the widely used BMI z-scores (BMIz) and percentiles calculated from the growth charts can differ substantially from those that directly observed in the data for BMIs above the 97th percentile (z = 1...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432738/tick-bite-and-lyme-disease-related-emergency-department-encounters-in-new-hampshire-2010-2014
#5
E R Daly, C Fredette, A A Mathewson, K Dufault, D J Swenson, B P Chan
Lyme disease (LD) is a common tick-borne disease in New Hampshire (NH). While LD is a reportable condition and cases are counted for public health surveillance, many more people receive care for tick bites or diagnoses of LD than are reflected in surveillance data. NH's emergency department (ED) data system was queried for tick bite and LD-related encounters. Chief complaint text was queried for words related to LD or tick bites. International Classification of Diseases 9th Revision (ICD-9) codes were queried for the LD diagnosis code (088...
April 22, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432736/severe-primary-autoimmune-thrombocytopenia-itp-in-pregnancy-a-national-cohort-study
#6
A Care, S Pavord, M Knight, Z Alfirevic
OBJECTIVE: To quantify UK incidence of severe ITP in pregnancy, determine current treatment strategies and establish maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality associated with severe ITP in pregnancy. DESIGN: A prospective national cohort study SETTING: United Kingdom POPULATION: Women with severe ITP; defined as platelets <50 x 10(9) /l in pregnancy or antenatal treatment of isolated low platelets. METHODS: Data collected via United Kingdom Obstetric Surveillance System (UKOSS) between 1(st) June 2013-31(st) January 2015 from all UK Consultant led obstetric units...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432268/clinical-outcomes-after-delayed-thyroid-surgery-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-microcarcinoma
#7
Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Mijin Kim, Suyeon Park, Hye-Seon Oh, Minkyu Han, Tae-Yon Sung, Ki-Wook Chung, Suck Joon Hong, Tae Yong Kim, Young-Kee Shong, Won Bae Kim
OBJECTIVE: Active surveillance is an option for patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC). However, the long-term clinical outcomes after delayed surgery remain unclear. We compared the long-term clinical outcomes of PTMC patients according to the time interval between initial diagnosis and surgery. DESIGN & METHODS: In this individual risk factor-matched cohort study, PTMC patients were classified into three groups according to the delay period: ≤ 6 months, 6-12 months, and > 12 months...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432113/automated-quantitative-characterisation-of-retinal-vascular-leakage-and-microaneurysms-in-ultra-widefield-fluorescein-angiography
#8
Justis P Ehlers, Kevin Wang, Amit Vasanji, Ming Hu, Sunil K Srivastava
Ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography (UWFA) is an emerging imaging modality used to characterise pathology in the retinal vasculature such as microaneurysms (MAs) and vascular leakage. Despite its potential value for diagnosis and disease surveillance, objective quantitative assessment of retinal pathology by UWFA is currently limited because it requires laborious manual segmentation by trained human graders. In this report, we describe a novel fully automated software platform, which segments MAs and leakage areas in native and dewarped UWFA images with retinal vascular disease...
April 21, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431848/epidemiology-of-device-associated-infections-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-nepal-a-prospective-surveillance-study-from-a-developing-country
#9
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Santosh Dahal, Jaya Prasad Singh, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Hari Prasad Kattel, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-acquired infections (DA-HAIs) in intensive care unit patients are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. METHODS: A prospective, structured clinicomicrobiological surveillance was carried out for 3 common DA-HAIs: ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) present in the patients of an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Nepal...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#10
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431844/health-care-associated-infections-studies-project-an-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-data-quality-collaboration
#11
Henrietta Smith, Janet E Brooks, Denise Leaptrot, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Angela Anttila, Cindy Gross, Joan N Hebden, Georganne Ryan, Eileen Scalise, Marc-Oliver Wright
This case study is part of a series centered on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Healthcare Safety Network's (NHSN) health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance definitions. The intent of the case study series is to foster standardized application of the NHSN's HAI surveillance definitions among infection preventionists and accurate determination of HAI events. This specific case study focuses on the definitions found within the surgical site infection (SSI) protocol. It aims to reflect the real life and complex patient scenario surrounding a bloodstream infection that is secondary to an SSI and the application of the Present at the Time of Surgery event detail...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431817/pneumococcal-carriage-among-children-after-four-years-of-routine-10-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-use-in-brazil-the-emergence-of-multidrug-resistant-serotype-6c
#12
Felipe P G Neves, Nayara T Cardoso, Robert E Snyder, Mariel A Marlow, Claudete A A Cardoso, Lúcia M Teixeira, Lee W Riley
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) was introduced free of charge in Brazil as part of the public immunization program. Here we investigated the carriage prevalence, colonization risk factors, capsular types, and antimicrobial resistance among pneumococcal isolates obtained from children in Brazil four years after routine PCV10 use. METHODS: Between September and December 2014, we conducted a cross-sectional study among children<6years old who attended one public and two private clinics in Niterói, RJ, Brazil to evaluate pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage...
April 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431493/pan-intestinal-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-postoperative-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#13
Johannes Hausmann, Renate Schmelz, Jens Walldorf, Natalie Filmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Jörg G Albert
BACKGROUND: Patients are at increased risk of disease recurrence after surgical treatment of Crohn's disease. Endoscopic detection of postoperative, ileo-colonic inflammation is well established, but the potential of pan-intestinal endoscopy is yet unknown. METHODS: This prospective multicenter pilot study assessed the value of pan-intestinal capsule endoscopy using a colon capsule endoscope for the detection of inflammatory recurrence of Crohn´s disease. Patients who had been operatively treated for Crohn´s disease were included...
April 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431334/one-hundred-injured-patients-a-day-multicenter-emergency-room-surveillance-of-trauma-in-pakistan
#14
A A Hyder, S He, W Zafar, M U Mir, J A Razzak
OBJECTIVES: Injuries increasingly contribute to the global burden of disease in low- and middle-income countries. This study presents results from a large-scale surveillance study on injury from several urban emergency departments (EDs) in Pakistan. The objective is to document the burden of injuries that present to the healthcare system in Pakistan and to test the feasibility of an ED-based injury and trauma surveillance system. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study conducted using active surveillance approach...
April 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#15
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
April 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430095/window-of-opportunity-for-new-disease-surveillance-developing-keyword-lists-for-monitoring-mental-health-and-injury-through-syndromic-surveillance
#16
Ursula Lauper, Jian-Hua Chen, Shao Lin
Studies have documented the impact that hurricanes have on mental health and injury rates before, during, and after the event. Since timely tracking of these disease patterns is crucial to disaster planning, response, and recovery, syndromic surveillance keyword filters were developed by the New York State Department of Health to study the short- and long-term impacts of Hurricane Sandy. Emergency department syndromic surveillance is recognized as a valuable tool for informing public health activities during and immediately following a disaster...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430087/modification-of-two-capripoxvirus-quantitative-real-time-pcr-assays-to-improve-diagnostic-sensitivity-and-include-beta-actin-as-an-internal-positive-control
#17
Amaresh Das, Ming Y Deng, Shawn Babiuk, Michael T McIntosh
Capripoxviruses (CaPVs), consisting of Sheeppox virus (SPV), Goatpox virus (GPV), and Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) species, cause economically significant diseases in sheep, goats, and cattle, respectively. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays are routinely used for rapid detection of CaPVs in surveillance and outbreak management programs. We further modified and optimized 2 previously published CaPV qPCR assays, referred to as the Balinsky and Bowden assays, by changing commercial PCR reagents used in the tests...
May 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429237/atypical-and-anaplastic-meningioma-outcomes-in-a-population-based-study
#18
T Garzon-Muvdi, W Yang, M Lim, H Brem, J Huang
Atypical and anaplastic meningiomas (AAM) are aggressive tumors. This study is aimed at examining associations between patient and tumor-related factors and tumor-related death in patients with AAM. We conducted a population-based cohort study utilizing prospectively collected data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients with diagnosis of AAM from 1973 to 2012 in the SEER database were included. Patients lacking clinical information were excluded. Multivariate analysis between patient and lesion characteristics, and AAM-related death was performed to adjust for confounding factors...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428838/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#19
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428558/a-joint-analysis-of-influenza-associated-hospitalizations-and-mortality-in-hong-kong-1998-2013
#20
Peng Wu, Anne M Presanis, Helen S Bond, Eric H Y Lau, Vicky J Fang, Benjamin J Cowling
Influenza viruses may cause severe human infections leading to hospitalization or death. Linear regression models were fitted to population-based data on hospitalizations and deaths. Surveillance data on influenza virus activity permitted inference on influenza-associated hospitalizations and deaths. The ratios of these estimates were used as a potential indicator of severity. Influenza was associated with 431 (95% CrI: 358-503) respiratory deaths and 12,700 (95% CrI: 11,700-13,700) respiratory hospitalizations per year...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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