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Heterotopic transplantation ovary

Jeffrey B Mason, Kate C Parkinson, Tracy L Habermehl
Ovarian transplantation was first conducted at Utah State University in 1963. In more recent work, heterochronic transplantation of mammalian ovaries is being used to investigate the health-protective effects of young ovaries in young females. The current procedures employ an orthotopic transplantation method, where allogenic ovaries are transplanted back to their original position in the ovarian bursa. This is in contrast to the more commonly used heterotopic transplantation of ovaries/ovarian tissue subcutaneously or under the kidney capsule...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Leticia Wietcovsky, David Til, Rafael Alonso Salvador, Nicole Louise Lângaro Amaral, Alfred Paul Senn, Vera Lucia Lângaro Amaral
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of ovarian tissue heterotopic autografting after vitrification in prepubertal rats. METHODS: Fragments of excised ovaries from prepubertal rats were used after assessing post-warming cellular viability, to determine the best vitrification protocol prior to retroauricular autografting. Pre-pubertal females (N=24) were castrated and divided into three group: Group 1 - fresh ovarian tissue transplantation; Group 2 - vitrified/warmed tissue transplantation; Group 3 - bilateral oophorectomy without transplantation...
March 15, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Raffaella Fabbri, Rossella Vicenti, Roberto Paradisi, Stefania Rossi, Lucia De Meis, Renato Seracchioli, Maria Macciocca
In this case report, the outcomes of cryopreserved ovarian tissue transplantation performed in a patient affected by struma-ovarii associated with mature cystic teratoma, recurrent endometriotic cysts and diffuse peritoneal malignant struma-ovarii implants were described. Before cryopreservation, the patient underwent two left ovarian surgeries for enucleation cysts 8 years after righ salpingo-oophorectomy for struma-ovarii. Ovarian biopsy was collected in another hospital and transported to our laboratory for cryopreservation...
January 10, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
N J Donfack, K A Alves, V R Araújo, A Cordova, J R Figueiredo, J Smitz, A P R Rodrigues
Constant progress in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer disease has increased the number and prognosis of cancer survivors. However, the toxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy on ovarian function have resulted in premature ovarian failure. Patients are, therefore, still expecting methods to be developed to preserve their fertility successfully. Several potential options are available to preserve fertility in patients who face premature ovarian failure, including immature or mature oocyte and embryo cryopreservation...
August 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Maria Giulia Disanto, Francesca Mercalli, Andrea Palicelli, Alberto Arnulfo, Renzo Boldorini
Splenosis is an acquired anomaly related to heterotopic auto-transplantation of splenic tissue following abdominal trauma or splenectomy. We report the first definitive bilateral ovarian case in a 65-year-old woman who underwent splenectomy following a motor vehicle accident 44 years prior to presentation. We review the literature and discuss the main differential diagnoses. Gross examination revealed a 1-cm well-circumscribed dark nodule on the surface of each ovary. Paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed blocks were sectioned and stained with hematoxylin-eosin and immunostains (CK5/6, Calretinin, WT1, Vimentin)...
September 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Camille Ladanyi, Amir Mor, Mindy S Christianson, Namisha Dhillon, James H Segars
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to summarize the latest advances and successes in the field of ovarian tissue cryopreservation while identifying gaps in current knowledge that suggest opportunities for future research. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines for all relevant full-text articles in PubMed published in English that reviewed or studied historical or current advancements in ovarian tissue cryopreservation and auto-transplantation techniques...
June 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
L Dang, X Zheng, Q Chang, Y Yang, Y Wang, Y Cai, C Hei, H Wang, C Zhao, W Zhu, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Auto-transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue has become a promising method for fertility preservation and standardization of the process is crucial for practical applications. OBJECTIVE: Here we used different size of large sheep ovarian cortex to study the most suitable osmotic balance durations in the vitrification solution for large piece ovary cortex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ovarian cortices from six-month old female sheep were divided into 40 cubic mm, 80 cubic mm and 160 cubic mm volume, A two-step osmotic balance method was used based on the results from morphological and histological study, we detected the expression of VEGF after thawing, the percentage of follicles that survived and serum E2 levels,together with apoptosis test by TUNEL...
September 2016: Cryo Letters
Ioana Andreea Gheonea, Sarmis Marian Săndulescu, Sineta Cristina Firulescu, Diana Rodica Tudoraşcu, Mircea Ovidiu Ciobanu, Oana Badea, Dan IonuŢ Gheonea, Daniela Larisa Săndulescu
Splenosis is a very rare entity that often appears following a traumatic rupture of the spleen or after splenectomy and represents heterotopic transplantation of splenic tissue. The ovary is reported as an atypical and rare localization. We report a case of a middle-aged woman, which presented with a left adnexal mass. Transvaginal ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT) and high-field 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the left adnexal mass. Laparoscopy was performed, and histological and immunohistochemical examination revealed that resected mass was splenic tissue...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Deepa Bhartiya, Sandhya Anand, Seema Parte
BACKGROUND: Infertility is an undesirable side effect and gonadal tissue banking is advocated in young cancer patients who are unable to preserve embryos or gametes prior to oncotherapy to achieve biological parenthood later on. Banking gonadal tissue is challenging and protocols to mature gametes in vitro are not yet clinically established. Transplanting ovarian cortical tissue at hetero-or orthotopic sites in women and bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in both men and women has resulted in spontaneous recovery of fertility, pregnancy and live births...
November 17, 2015: Journal of Ovarian Research
Won-Jun Choi, Jin-Sook Seok, In-Young Choi, Ji-Kwon Park, Jeong-Kyu Shin, Soon-Ae Lee, Won-Young Paik, Jong-Hak Lee
OBJECTIVE: Revascularization is critical for successful ovarian tissue transplantation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiopoietin-2 (angpt-2) are the principal mediators of neovascularization. This study was designed to assess VEGF and angpt-2 levels in cryopreserved ovarian tissue after heterotopic autotransplantation. METHODS: Ovarian tissues harvested from ICR mice at 5 to 6 weeks of age were stratified as follows: no cryopreservation (controls, group I); vitrification in VFS-40 (vitrification, group II); and gradual freezing in dimethyl sulfoxide (slow-freezing, group III)...
September 2015: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Monireh Mahmoodi, Malek Soleimani Mehranjani, Seyed Mohammad Ali Shariatzadeh, Hussein Eimani, Abdulhussein Shahverdi
The effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on mouse ovary heterotopic autotransplantation was investigated. Mice (age 4-5 weeks) were divided into the following groups: control; autograft plus NAC (150 mg/kg daily intraperitoneal injection) and autograft plus saline (n = 6 per group). Groups were treated from 1 day before until 7 days after transplantation. After 28 days, ovary compartments were estimated stereologically. Plasma malondialdehyde, progesterone, oestradiol concentrations and the percentage of apoptotic follicles were measured to evaluate the rate of oxidative stress and ovarian graft function...
January 2015: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Jacques Donnez, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
Since the first live birth after orthotopic transplantation of frozen-thawed ovarian tissue, >40 babies have been born. It is time to consider fertility preservation in women as one of the foremost challenges of the next decade and to offer women facing the risk of induced or iatrogenic premature menopause the best chances of becoming mothers. Heterotopic transplantation has also been attempted, with consistent restoration of endocrine function; nonetheless, its clinical value remains questionable as it may not provide an optimal environment for follicular development, possibly because of differences in temperature, pressure, paracrine factors and blood supply...
November 2014: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
N S Abtahi, H Eimani, A Vosough, Ab Shahverdi, R Fathi, N Hayati, N Nasiri
One of the challenges in ovarian transplantation is ischemia-reperfusion damage. When transitional tissue faces an acute and critical condition in terms of blood supply (immediately after organ transplantation), treatment with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) seems to be very beneficial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ultrasound therapy on heterotopic transplanted mouse ovarian tissue. Adult female Naval Medical Research Institute mice were divided into three groups. In the experimental groups, the transplanted ovary was exposed 5 min daily to ultrasound with an intensity of 0...
July 2014: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Arash Behbahanian, Hossein Eimani, Bahman Zeinali, Mojtaba Rezazadeh Valojerdi, Poopak Eftekhari Yazdi, Abdolhossein Shahverdi, Hamid Gourabi, Afsaneh Golkar-Narenji
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro survival and developmental potential of oocytes obtained from vitrified mouse ovaries transplanted to a heterotopic site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, two-week-old mice were unilaterally ovariectomized after anesthesia. The ovaries were vitrified by cryotop. After two weeks, the ovaries were thawed and autotransplanted to the gluteus muscle tissue. Three weeks later the mice were killed, after which we removed and dissected the transplanted and opposite right ovaries...
January 2013: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
S Samuel Kim
Scepticism hovers over the future of heterotopic transplantation of cryopreserved human ovarian tissue, as its clinical efficacy and practicability for fertility preservation is still debatable. Despite its limitations, the potential advantages and roles of heterotopic transplantation should not be ignored. Indeed, restoration of ovarian function after heterotopic transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue has been consistently demonstrated in humans. There are many unknowns with this technology, such as the optimal heterotopic site, environmental factors and oocyte quality...
February 2014: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
C J Stern, D Gook, L G Hale, F Agresta, J Oldham, G Rozen, T Jobling
Ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation is a form of fertility preservation offered to young women at high risk of losing ovarian function after cancer treatment. While there have been successful births resulting from orthotopic site grafts, we report the first case of an ongoing pregnancy from a heterotopic graft in a patient who had previously undergone bilateral oopherectomy for a granulosa cell tumour. Frozen-thawed ovarian tissue was transplanted to the anterior abdominal wall. Subsequent ovarian stimulation and transabdominal ultrasound-guided oocyte retrieval from the grafts resulted in two oocytes...
November 2013: Human Reproduction
Jiang-Man Gao, Jie Yan, Rong Li, Min Li, Li-Ying Yan, Tian-Ren Wang, Hong-Cui Zhao, Yue Zhao, Yang Yu, Jie Qiao
STUDY QUESTION: Does basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in combination with fibrin hydrogel improve follicle development and revascularization of heterotopically transplanted mouse ovarian tissues? SUMMARY ANSWER: Treatment of transplanted ovarian tissues with higher concentrations (75, 100 and 150 μg/ml), but not lower concentrations (25 and 50 μg/ml), of bFGF significantly improved primordial follicle survival and angiogenesis, while apoptosis of follicles and stromal cells was significantly decreased...
October 2013: Human Reproduction
Iu O Tishchenko, V V Kiroshka
We examined the dynamics of folliculogenesis in ovarian tissue allograft and its endocrine function in an organism of castrated recipient rats during 100 days. Growth and development of ovarian tissue and its steroidogenic function in heterotopic transplantation were determined by its initial morphological organization. Allotransplantation of mature ovarian tissue was found to cause preservation of its morphological structure, whereas the transplantation of neonatal ovarian tissue caused formation of follicular cysts...
2013: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
A Y Ting, R R Yeoman, J R Campos, M S Lawson, S F Mullen, G M Fahy, M B Zelinski
STUDY QUESTION: What are the appropriate conditions to vitrify the macaque ovarian cortex in a large-volume, closed system that will preserve functional pre-antral follicles? SUMMARY ANSWER: The combination of glycerol, ethylene glycol (EG) and polymers with cooling in liquid nitrogen (LN2) vapor and a two-step warming procedure was able to preserve tissue and follicle morphology as well as function of a small population of secondary follicles in the macaque ovarian cortex following vitrification in a closed system...
May 2013: Human Reproduction
A Gougeon
The purpose of this review is to present the strategies for fertility preservation that are currently proposed to patients at risk from premature ovarian failure (POF) due to chemotherapy as well as some future solutions that could allow patients already affected by an IOP to recover their fertility. Today, cryo-preservation of pieces of ovarian cortex followed by orthotopic transplantation as well as in vitro maturation of oocytes (IVM) allow preservation of fertility in patients being to undergo an antitumor treatment...
November 2012: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
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