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Quality colonoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088179/chronic-constipation-diagnosis-and-treatment-evaluation-the-chro-co-di-t-e-study
#1
Massimo Bellini, Paolo Usai-Satta, Antonio Bove, Renato Bocchini, Francesca Galeazzi, Edda Battaglia, Pietro Alduini, Elisabetta Buscarini, Gabrio Bassotti
BACKGROUND: According to Rome criteria, chronic constipation (CC) includes functional constipation (FC) and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). Some patients do not meet these criteria (No Rome Constipation, NRC). The aim of the study was is to evaluate the various clinical presentation and management of FC, IBS-C and NRC in Italy. METHODS: During a 2-month period, 52 Italian gastroenterologists recorded clinical data of FC, IBS-C and NRC patients, using Bristol scale, PAC-SYM and PAC-QoL questionnaires...
January 14, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070476/evaluating-screening-colonoscopy-quality-in-an-uninsured-urban-population-following-patient-navigation
#2
Keith Naylor, Cassandra Fritz, Blase Polite, Karen Kim
Patient navigation (PN) increases screening colonoscopy completion in minority and uninsured populations. However, colonoscopy quality is under-reported in the setting of PN and quality indicators have often failed to meet benchmark standards. This study investigated screening colonoscopy quality indicators after year-one of a PN initiative targeting the medically uninsured. This was a retrospective analysis of 296 outpatient screening colonoscopies. Patients were 45 to 75 years of age with no history of bowel cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, or colorectal surgery...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067463/enhanced-education-for-bowel-preparation-before-colonoscopy-a-state-of-the-art-review
#3
Zhu Liu, Ming Ming Zhang, Yue Yue Li, Li Xiang Li, Yan Qing Li
Colonoscopy remains the mainstay in the diagnosis and monitoring for colorectal cancer and other colorectal lesions. The diagnostic efficiency of colonoscopy highly depends on the quality of bowel preparation, which is closely associated with patient's compliance to preparation instructions. In addition, the procedural requirements of bowel preparation are often complex and difficult to be comprehended and memorized by patients, especially those with lower health literacy and motivation. Therefore, in recent years, many educational methods have been constantly developed, such as educational booklets, cartoon visual aids, educational videos, the short message service, the telephone, social media applications and smart phone applications...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063287/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-use-of-video-capsule%C3%A2-endoscopy
#4
Robert A Enns, Lawrence Hookey, David Armstrong, Charles N Bernstein, Steven J Heitman, Christopher Teshima, Grigorios I Leontiadis, Frances Tse, Daniel Sadowski
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Video capsule endoscopy (CE) provides a noninvasive option to assess the small intestine, but its use with respect to endoscopic procedures and cross-sectional imaging varies widely. The aim of this consensus was to provide guidance on the appropriate use of CE in clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic literature search identified studies on the use of CE in patients with Crohn's disease, celiac disease, gastrointestinal bleeding, and anemia...
January 4, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061339/how-to-perform-high-quality-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-during-colonoscopy
#5
Amir Klein, Michael J Bourke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059941/adenoma-detection-rates-for-screening-colonoscopies-in-smokers-and-obese-adults-data-from-the-new-hampshire-colonoscopy-registry
#6
Joseph C Anderson, Julia E Weiss, Christina M Robinson, Lynn F Butterly
GOAL: To examine screening adenoma detection rates (ADR) and serrated detection rates (SDR) among smokers and obese adults in the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry. BACKGROUND: ADR, a quality measure for screening colonoscopies, is associated with protection from interval colorectal cancer. Currently, only sex-specific ADR benchmarks are reported. However, obesity and smoking ≥20 pack-years are strong predictors for colorectal neoplasia, as highlighted by the 2009 American College of Gastroenterology CRC Screening Guidelines...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055031/a-customized-mobile-application-in-colonoscopy-preparation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ala I Sharara, Jean M Chalhoub, Maya Beydoun, Rani H Shayto, Hamed Chehab, Ali H Harb, Fadi H Mourad, Fayez S Sarkis
OBJECTIVES: Adherence with diet and prescribed purgative is essential for proper cleansing with low-volume bowel preparations. The aim of this work was to assess the effect of a customized mobile application (App) on adherence and quality of bowel preparation. METHODS: One hundred and sixty (160) eligible patients scheduled for elective colonoscopy were randomly assigned to paper (control) or App-based instructions. The preparation consisted of low-fiber diet for 2 days, clear fluids for one day and split-dose sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPS)...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045200/quality-of-colonoscopy-performed-in-rural-practice-experience-from-the-clinical-outcomes-research-initiative-and-the-oregon-rural-practice-based-research-network
#8
Jennifer L Holub, Cynthia Morris, Lyle J Fagnan, Judith R Logan, LeAnn C Michaels, David A Lieberman
PURPOSE: Colon cancer screening is effective. To complete screening in 80% of individuals over age 50 years by 2018 will require adequate colonoscopy capacity throughout the country, including rural areas, where colonoscopy providers may have less specialized training. Our aim was to study the quality of colonoscopy in rural settings. METHODS: The Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative (CORI) and the Oregon Rural Practice-based Research Network (ORPRN) collaborated to recruit Oregon rural practices to submit colonoscopy reports to CORI's National Endoscopic Database (NED)...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042391/identification-of-factors-associated-with-sedation-tolerance-in-5000-patients-undergoing-outpatient-colonoscopy-canadian-tertiary-center-experience
#9
Alexandra Shingina, George Ou, Oliver Takach, Sigrid Svarta, Ricky Kwok, Jessica Tong, Kieran Donaldson, Eric Lam, Robert Enns
AIM: To develop a prediction model aimed at identifying patients that may require higher than usual sedation doses during colonoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review on 5000 patients who underwent an outpatient colonoscopy at St. Paul's Hospital from 2009 to 2010 was conducted in order to develop a model for identifying patients who will require increased doses of sedatives. Potential predictor variables including age, gender, endoscopy indication, high sedation requirements during previous endoscopies, difficulty of the procedure, bowel preparation quality, interventions, findings as well as current use of benzodiazepines, opioids and alcohol were analyzed...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035547/diabetics-on-narcotics-are-less-likely-to-achieve-excellent-bowel-preparation-than-are-patients-with-either-condition
#10
Mohammad F Madhoun, Hussein Bitar, Owais Bhatti, Hassaan Zia, Pratyusha Parava, Muhammad H Bashir
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and chronic narcotic use negatively affect the quality of bowel preparation before colonoscopy. AIM: To investigate whether narcotic use and diabetes have an additive negative impact on bowel preparation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 2841 patients (mean age 61 ± 10.2; 94% male) who received outpatient colonoscopies at our Veterans Affairs Medical Center between June 2012 and December 2014...
December 29, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035253/colon-adenoma-features-and-their-impact-on-risk-of-future-advanced-adenomas-and-colorectal-cancer
#11
Audrey H Calderwood, Karen E Lasser, Hemant K Roy
AIM: To review the evidence on the association between specific colon adenoma features and the risk of future colonic neoplasia [adenomas and colorectal cancer (CRC)]. METHODS: We performed a literature search using the National Library of Medicine through PubMed from 1/1/2003 to 5/30/2015. Specific Medical Subject Headings terms (colon, colon polyps, adenomatous polyps, epidemiology, natural history, growth, cancer screening, colonoscopy, CRC) were used in conjunction with subject headings/key words (surveillance, adenoma surveillance, polypectomy surveillance, and serrated adenoma)...
December 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025227/rectal-cancer-restaging-using-3d-cube-vs-2d-t2-weighted-technique-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-a-diagnostic-study
#12
Wuteng Cao, Yanbang Lian, Dechao Liu, Fangqian Li, Pan Zhu, Zhiyang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the accuracy of rectal cancer restaging after neoadjuvant therapy with 3D CUBE sequence with 2D T2-weighted fast spin-echo (FSE) sequence. METHODS: This retrospective study comprised 72 patients with rectal cancer confirmed by colonoscopy and biopsy. After neoadjuvant therapy, all patients underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination at 1.5T MRI sequences including a single coronal 3D CUBE T2-weighted FSE sequence with 1...
December 26, 2016: Gastroenterology Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019112/-indications-diagnoses-and-quality-markers-in-upper-and-lower-endoscopies-in-2010-and-2011-at-the-1st-department-of-medicine-semmelweis-university-budapest
#13
Lóránt Gönczi, Zsuzsanna Kürti, Petra Golovics, Zsuzsanna Végh, Barbara Lovász, Andrea Dorkó, Anna Seres, Liza Sümegi, Orsolya Menyhárt, Lajos Kiss, János Papp, Krisztina Gecse, Péter László Lakatos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The aim was to assess the incidence of endoscopic findings based on the indication of the procedures in upper/lower endoscopies, and measuring quality indicators of colonoscopies at the 1st Department of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Budapest. METHOD: Data of 2987 patients (male/female:1361/1626, mean age: 60.7 years(y), SD: 16.7y) between 01.01.2010 and 31.12.2011 were analyzed. Both inpatient and outpatient records were collected. RESULTS: Incidence of peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices, gastric polyps and gastric cancer were 10...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018894/preassessment-interview-improves-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-bowel-preparation-for-colonoscopy
#14
Hari Padmanabhan, Alexander Rothnie, Andy Higgins, Amandeep Grewal, Katherine Arndtz, Alan M Nevill, Matthew J Brookes, Ray Mathew
Aim. To determine whether preassessment improves bowel preparation quality and prevents renal deterioration for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Methods. Data was collected prospectively starting in January 2011 for 12 months. Patients were divided according to the presence or absence of preassessment and stratified to one of three risk groups based on patient's comorbidities and identified risk factors for poor bowel preparation; group 1 had no risk factors, group 2 had 1 risk factor, and group 3 patients had 2 or more risk factors...
2016: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018880/performance-of-a-quantitative-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-pilot-program-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Jennifer Telford, Laura Gentile, Lovedeep Gondara, Colleen McGahan, Andrew Coldman
BACKGROUND: British Columbia undertook a colorectal cancer screening pilot program in 3 communities. Our objective was to assess the performance of 2-specimen fecal immunochemical testing in the detection of colorectal neoplasms in this population-based screening program. METHODS: A prospective cohort of asymptomatic, average-risk people aged 50 to 74 years completed 2 quantitative fecal immunochemical tests every 2 years, with follow-up colonoscopy if the result of either test was positive...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003719/cirrhotic-patients-have-worse-bowel-preparation-at-screening-colonoscopy-than-chronic-liver-disease-patients-without-cirrhosis
#16
Anika K Anam, Kunal Karia, Arun B Jesudian, Brian P Bosworth
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis has been shown in small studies to be a predictor of suboptimal bowel preparation at screening colonoscopy. It has yet to be established whether patients with chronic liver disease in the absence of cirrhosis experience equally poor colon cleansing. Intestinal dysmotility related to cirrhosis might impair bowel preparation in this population more than those with chronic liver disease without cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the quality of bowel preparation in cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients with chronic liver disease and determined whether this influenced polyp detection rate...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995405/comparison-of-colonoscopy-quality-measures-across-various-practice-settings-and-the-impact-of-performance-scorecards
#17
Jennifer A Inra, Jennifer Nayor, Margery Rosenblatt, Muthoka Mutinga, Sarathchandra I Reddy, Sapna Syngal, Fay Kastrinos
BACKGROUND: Quality performance measures for screening colonoscopy vary among endoscopists. The impact of practice setting is unknown. AIMS: We aimed to (1) compare screening colonoscopy performance measures among three different US practice settings; (2) evaluate factors associated with adenoma detection; and (3) assess a scorecard intervention on performance metrics. METHODS: This multi-center prospective study compared patient, endoscopist, and colonoscopy characteristics performed at a tertiary care hospital (TCH), community-based hospital (CBH), and private practice group (PPG)...
December 19, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994617/preliminary-experience-using-full-spectrum-endoscopy-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-matched-case-controlled-study
#18
Sayo Ito, Kinichi Hotta, Kenichiro Imai, Masao Yoshida, Kimihiro Igarashi, Yuichiro Yamaguchi, Kohei Takizawa, Naomi Kakushima, Masaki Tanaka, Noboru Kawata, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Hiroyuki Ono
Background/Aim. High-quality colonoscopy is needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality of colorectal cancer. Full-spectrum endoscopy (FUSE) has recently shown potential in improving adenoma detection during colonoscopy. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and utility of FUSE colonoscopy. Methods. From April 2015 to February 2016, 130 patients underwent FUSE colonoscopy for screening at a tertiary cancer center. Cecal intubation rate (CIR), procedure time, polyp/adenoma detection rate (PDR/ADR), and mean number of adenomas per colonoscopy (APC) were compared in matched-control patients (n = 260) who underwent standard colonoscopy (SC)...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988288/prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-adenoma-detection-rate-in-colonoscopy-using-water-exchange-water-immersion-and-air-insufflation
#19
Yu-Hsi Hsieh, Chih-Wei Tseng, Chi-Tan Hu, Malcolm Koo, Felix W Leung
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a quality indicator. We tested the hypothesis that water exchange (WE) improves whereas water immersion (WI) has no adverse effect on ADR compared with air insufflation (AI). METHODS: A prospective study (NCT01894191) was conducted at the Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital in southern Taiwan and the Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital in eastern Taiwan on patients randomly assigned to WE, WI, or AI with stratification by the 3 study colonoscopists...
December 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988287/endoscopic-multiple-biopsy-and-rapid-diagnosis-by-in-situ-fixation-and-histopathological-processing
#20
David S Zimmon, Fred B Smith, Forrest Manheimer, Cathy Fan, Chantel Njiwaji, Sergei Aksenov, Premtesh Chattoo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic forceps biopsy and fixation are laborious and prolong the procedure and anesthesia. Multiple biopsy overcomes these shortcomings with a single endoscope pass that cuts, like a needle biopsy, up to 25 biopsies of uniform size and depth during endoscope withdrawal. Biopsy specimens are collected in acquisition order and stored in a perforated plastic storage chamber within the perforated metal tip. The tip is cut off, immersed in fixative, and sent to pathology...
December 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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