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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636421/analysis-of-origins-of-admission-for-solid-tumor-oncology-inpatients-disease-severity-and-outcomes
#1
Christopher E Wee, Lindsey M Goodman, Leticia Varella, Lisa A Rybicki, Alberto J Montero, Bassam N Estfan, Carolyn H Best, James P Stevenson
PURPOSE: Hospital transfers may affect clinical outcomes. Evaluation of admission by source of transfer, time of admission, and provider type may identify opportunities to improve inpatient outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed charts of patients admitted to the solid tumor oncology service between July and December 2014 from the Cleveland Clinic Foundation (CCF) Main Campus emergency department (ED), CCF Regional EDs, outside hospital (OSH) ED, OSH inpatient services, and CCF outpatient clinics...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634840/self-inflicted-abdominal-stab-wounds-have-a-higher-rate-of-non-therapeutic-laparotomy-laparoscopy-and-a-lower-risk-of-injury
#2
Nikolay Bugaev, Kevin McKay, Janis L Breeze, Sandra S Arabian, Reuven Rabinovici
BACKGROUND: The profile and management of self-inflicted abdominal stab wounds (SI-ASW) patients is still obscure. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank (2012) was queried for adults with abdominal stab wounds (n = 9544). Patients with SI-ASW (n = 1724) and non-SI-ASW (n = 7820) were compared. Predictors for non-therapeutic laparotomy/laparoscopy (non-TL) in SI-ASW patients were identified. RESULTS: SI-ASW patients were older, had more females and behavioral disorders, similar physiology, but a lower Injury Severity Score...
June 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632787/risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-or-dementia-following-a-cancer-diagnosis
#3
Erin J Aiello Bowles, Rod L Walker, Melissa L Anderson, Sascha Dublin, Paul K Crane, Eric B Larson
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) risks after a cancer diagnosis in a population-based prospective cohort, the Adult Changes in Thought (ACT) study. METHODS: We followed community-dwelling people aged ≥65 years without dementia at study entry for incident dementia and AD from 1994-2015. We linked study data with cancer registry data and categorized cancer diagnoses as prevalent (diagnosed before ACT study enrollment) or incident (diagnosed during follow-up)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630392/nighttime-snacking-is-associated-with-risk-of-obesity-and-hyperglycemia-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-chinese-adult-teachers
#4
Liu Xiaoyang, Zheng Chunlin, Xu Cheng, Liu Qian, Wang Jin, Hong Yongzhi, Zhao Peng
Relationship between nighttime snack and human health conditions remains unclear. In this paper, we analyzed the association of frequency of nighttime snacking with obesity, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia using a Chinese teacher cohort. The Chinese teacher study contains 22,176 of the general adult population operated on in 2015. Information of nighttime snacking frequency was acquired by questionnaire. Overweight and obesity outcome were assessed by body mass index (BMI), and hypertension; hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia were self-reported...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628821/pollutants-and-diet-influence-carotenoid-levels-and-integument-coloration-in-nestlings-of-an-endangered-raptor
#5
Marie-Sophie García-Heras, Beatriz Arroyo, Robert E Simmons, Pablo R Camarero, Rafael Mateo, Jesús T García, Francois Mougeot
Carotenoid-based traits or ornaments, such as yellow-red integuments (feathers, beaks, legs or eye-rings) displayed by birds, play key roles in social communication by reliably advertising an individual's quality or health. In some species, these traits are displayed not only by adults but also by nestlings, and function in parent-offspring communication or sibling competition by advertising an individual's physical or physiological condition. Pollutants such as organochlorine compounds (OCs) could have disruptive effects on the coloration of these traits, thereby interfering with communication processes...
June 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628675/interleukin-10-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-mortality-in-severe-septic-patients
#6
Xi Li, Zhiheng Xu, Xiaoqing Pang, Yongbo Huang, Baoxin Yang, Yuanyuan Yang, Kangxie Chen, Xiaoqing Liu, Pu Mao, Yimin Li
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression is common even in the early stage of severe sepsis. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) secretion and lymphocyte exhaustion are the main features of sepsis-induced immunosuppression. However, the relationship between IL-10 and the lymphocyte is still unclear. We investigated if IL-10/lymphocyte ratio (IL10LCR) were associated with mortality in severe septic patients. METHODS: Adult patients with severe sepsis admitted to ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were identified from October 2012 to August 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628595/activity-based-therapy-from-basic-science-to-clinical-application-for-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Andrea L Behrman, Elizabeth M Ardolino, Susan J Harkema
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Collaboration between scientists and clinicians effectively accelerated translation of scientific evidence for activity-based therapies (ABTs) into rehabilitation. This article addresses the basic scientific findings of activity-dependent plasticity that led to locomotor training, an ABT, and its principles to advance recovery in adult and pediatric populations with spinal cord injury (SCI). Expansion to new therapies based on these common principles is highlighted, for example, epidural stimulation...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628362/weight-loss-surgery-in-adolescents
#8
Amy L Christison, Sandeep K Gupta
Childhood obesity continues to be a national health problem, with growing numbers of adolescents (8.7%) affected by severe obesity and its associated cardiometabolic risks. Since current nonsurgical methods for treating these adolescents have only modest effects, weight loss surgery (WLS) is an alternative treatment. An overview of the literature was conducted describing the selection, management, and outcomes of adolescents undergoing WLS. Adolescent guidelines require physical and emotional maturity as well as serious comorbidities associated with body mass index cutoffs higher than those used for adults...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627815/the-levels-of-serum-irisin-as-a-predictor-of-insulin-resistance-in-han-chinese-adults-with-metabolically-healthy-obesity
#10
Bo-Wei Liu, Fu-Zai Yin, Xi-Ming Qi, Dong-Mei Fan, Yue Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate serum irisin levels and analyze its related factors in Han adults with metabolically healthy obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 75 metabolically healthy, non-obese adults and 51 metabolically healthy, obese adults. Anthropometric measurements, including height, weight, waist circumference (WC), and blood pressure, were performed. All patients underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) after 8 hours of fasting, and the levels of glucose, insulin, lipids, and serum irisin were measured...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627220/the-german-version-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-pss-10-evaluation-of-dimensionality-validity-and-measurement-invariance-with-exploratory-and-confirmatory-bifactor-modeling
#11
Dorota Reis, Dirk Lehr, Elena Heber, David Daniel Ebert
The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a popular instrument for measuring the degree to which individuals appraise situations in their lives as excessively uncontrollable and overloaded. Despite its widespread use (e.g., for evaluating intervention effects in stress management studies), there is still no agreement on its factor structure. Hence, the aim of the present study was to examine the dimensionality, measurement invariance (i.e., across gender, samples, and time), reliability, and validity of the PSS. Data from 11,939 German adults (73% women) were used to establish an exploratory bifactor model for the PSS with one general and two specific factors and to cross-validate this model in a confirmatory bifactor model...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627203/association-between-meal-intake-behavior-and-blood-pressure-in-spanish-adults
#12
Kristin Keller, Santiago Rodríguez López, Margarita Carmenate Moreno
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Eating frequency has been suggested to modify blood pressure. Yet, the results are inconclusive, possibly because eating frequency, particularly meal intake behavior (MIB), does not differentiate between meals and snacks. Hence, the aim of this study was to examine the association between more specific MIBs, like the consumption of the three main meals, the intake of forenoon and afternoon meals and snacking between the regular meals, and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP)...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626363/hoxb4-increases-runx1-expression-to-promote-the-de-novo-formation-of-multipotent-hematopoietic-cells
#13
Nadine Teichweyde, Peter A Horn, Hannes Klump
BACKGROUND: The de novo generation of patient-specific hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has become a promising approach for cell replacement therapies in the future. However, efficient differentiation protocols for producing fully functional human hematopoietic stem cells are still missing. In the mouse model, ectopic expression of the human homeotic selector protein HOXB4 has been shown to enforce the development of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in differentiating pluripotent stem cell cultures...
June 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625941/meditation-and-successful-aging-can-meditative-practices-counteract-age-related-cognitive-decline
#14
Marco Sperduti, Dominique Makowski, Philippe Blondé, Pascale Piolino
Life expectancy is constantly increasing in the developed countries due to medical, hygiene and socio-economic advances. Unfortunately, a longer life not always corresponds to a healthier life. Indeed, aging is associated with growing risk factors for illness associated with societal conditions (isolation, maltreatment), and neurodegenerative diseases. Even normal aging is associated with a cognitive decline that can hinder independence and quality of life of elderly. Thus, one major societal challenge is to build policies that support people of all ages to maintain a maximum health and functional capacity throughout their lives...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625746/the-fragmentation-mechanism-and-immune-protective-effect-of-cftep-in-the-scallop-chlamys-farreri
#15
Zhuang Xue, Leilei Wang, Zhaoqun Liu, Weilin Wang, Chang Liu, Xiaorui Song, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
Thioester-containing proteins (TEPs), characterized by a unique intrachain β-cysteinyl-γ-glutamyl thioester bond, form an ancient and diverse family of secreted proteins that play central roles in the innate immune response. But the existence form and immune protection mechanism of TEP in invertebrates still remain unclear, especially in the mollusks. The fragmentation and the immune-protective effect of thioester bond in CfTEP, a previously identified thioester-containing protein in scallop Chlamys farreri, were characterized in the present study...
June 15, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625143/infection-and-malignancy-risk-in-patients-treated-with-tnf-inhibitors-for-immune-mediated-inflammatory-diseases
#16
Rui Pereira, Raquel Faria, Paula Lago, Tiago Torres
BACKGROUND: Infectious and malignant events are responsible for morbidity and mortality in patients with Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases (IMIDs). Anti-tumor necrosis factor (Anti-TNF) agents appear to have an impact, however the individual effect of these agents in the different conditions is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to estimate the Incidence Rates (IR) of infections and malignancies in patients treated with anti-TNFs across different IMIDs, as well as potential risk factors...
June 15, 2017: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625028/-adult-male-ureterocele-detected-by-urinary-frequency
#17
Tetsuyuki Kurokawa, Takashi Kabuto, Yosuke Matsuta, Yoshitaka Aoki, Hideaki Ito, Osamu Yokoyama, Nobuyuki Oyama
A 27-year-old Japanese man visited our urological department due to urinary frequency, and we detected a ureterocele by cystoscopy. The treatment consisted of an endoscopic-laser incision of the ureterocele. After the operation, the patient's symptoms subsided, and the vesicoureteral reflux and urinary infection disappeared. With the advances in image diagnostic technology, a ureterocele is easily diagnosed during childhood. In the present case, the ureterocele may have increased in volume over a period of decades, causing the urinary frequency...
May 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624750/long-term-indoor-air-conditioner-filtration-and-cardiovascular-health-a-randomized-crossover-intervention-study
#18
Hsiao-Chi Chuang, Kin-Fai Ho, Lian-Yu Lin, Ta-Yuan Chang, Gui-Bing Hong, Chi-Ming Ma, I-Jung Liu, Kai-Jen Chuang
The association of short-term air pollution filtration with cardiovascular health has been documented. However, the effect of long-term indoor air conditioner filtration on the association between air pollution and cardiovascular health is still unclear. We recruited 200 homemakers from Taipei and randomly assigned 100 of them to air filtration or control intervention; six home visits were conducted per year from 2013 to 2014. The participants under air filtration intervention during 2013 were reassigned to control intervention in 2014...
June 15, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624710/role-of-impaired-vision-during-dual-task-walking-in-young-and-older-adults
#19
V Krishnan, Y Cho, O Mohamed
While cognitive-motor interference in dual-task activities is well established, it is still unknown how such interference is influenced by concurrent visual challenges. Nineteen community-dwelling healthy, cognitively intact, older adults (Mean±SD=71.45±1.25years, 6 males) and nineteen young adults (Mean±SD=22.25±0.68years, 4 males) performed a cognitive-single-task (serial subtraction by 3), a walking-single-task and a cognitive-walking-dual-task under normal, blurred and peripheral-vision-loss conditions (artificially imposed using goggles)...
June 10, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624042/wound-management-and-outcome-of-595-electrical-burns-in-a-major-burn-center
#20
Haisheng Li, Jianglin Tan, Junyi Zhou, Zhiqiang Yuan, Jiaping Zhang, Yizhi Peng, Jun Wu, Gaoxing Luo
BACKGROUND: Electrical burns are important causes of trauma worldwide. This study aims to analyze the clinical characteristics, wound management, and outcome of electric burns. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed at the Institute of Burn Research of the Third Military Medical University during 2013-2015. Data including the demographics, injury patterns, wound treatment, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 595 electrical burn patients (93...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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