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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931580/changes-in-muscle-strength-and-six-minute-walk-distance-before-and-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#1
Y Mizuno, S Ito, K Hattori, M Nagaya, T Inoue, Y Nishida, Y Onishi, H Kamei, N Kurata, Y Hasegawa, Y Ogura
BACKGROUND: Impaired exercise capacity and muscle weakness are important characteristics of liver transplantation recipients. Perioperative rehabilitation has been introduced to promote early mobilization of patients and to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications. However, it is unknown how physical status recovers during the hospital stay after a liver transplant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in clinical indicators that represent the functional exercise capacity and muscle strength before and after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT)...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930506/change-of-ascending-reticular-activating-system-with-recovery-from-vegetative-state-to-minimally-conscious-state-in-a-stroke-patient
#2
Sung Ho Jang, Chul Hoon Chang, Young Jin Jung, You Sung Seo
RATIONALE: We report on a stroke patient who showed change of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) concurrent with recovery from a vegetative state (VS) to a minimally conscious state (MCS), which was demonstrated on diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old male patient underwent CT-guided stereotactic drainage 3 times for management of intracerebral hemorrhage and intraventricular hemorrhage. DIAGNOSIS: After 4 months from onset, when starting rehabilitation, the patient showed impaired consciousness, with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 6 and a Coma Recovery Scale-Revised score of 2...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927022/explicit-motor-sequence-learning-with-the-paretic-arm-after-stroke
#3
Melanie K Fleming, Di J Newham, John C Rothwell
PURPOSE: Motor sequence learning is important for stroke recovery, but experimental tasks require dexterous movements, which are impossible for people with upper limb impairment. This makes it difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of stroke on learning motor sequences. We aimed to test a paradigm requiring gross arm movements to determine whether stroke survivors with upper limb impairment were capable of learning a movement sequence as effectively as age-matched controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 12 stroke survivors (10-138 months post-stroke, mean age 64 years) attempted the task once using their affected arm...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922660/combined-vision-and-wearable-sensors-based-system-for-movement-analysis-in-rehabilitation
#4
Sofija Spasojević, Tihomir V Ilić, Slađan Milanović, Veljko Potkonjak, Aleksandar Rodić, José Santos-Victor
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitation sessions are often a slow, tedious, disempowering and non-motivational process, supported by clinical assessment tools, i.e. evaluation scales that are prone to subjective rating and imprecise interpretation of patient's performance. Poor patient motivation and insufficient accuracy are thus critical factors that can be improved by new sensing / processing technologies. OBJECTIVES: We aim to develop a portable and affordable system, suitable for home rehabilitation, which combines vision-based and wearable sensors...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919560/posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-in-football-players-case-series-of-26-elite-athletes
#5
Savaş Kudaş, Gürhan Dönmez, Çetin Işık, Mesut Çelebi, Nurdan Çay, Murat Bozkurt
OBJECTIVE: To describe a clinical treatment algorithm for posterior ankle impingement (PAI) syndrome in professional football players. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case series of 26 elite professional football players diagnosed and treated for posterior ankle impingement syndrome were included for the study. All of the athletes received conservative treatment with physical therapy modalities initially. If the first line medical treatment and rehabilitation was ineffective to alleviate the symptoms, ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection was proposed and thereafter the patients underwent posterior ankle arthroscopy if the complaints are still unresolved...
December 3, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#6
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917688/congenital-thumb-anomalies-and-the-consequences-for-daily-life-patients-long-term-experience-after-corrective-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#7
I K Carlsson, L B Dahlin, H-E Rosberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore patients' long-term experience of a congenital hand problem, and the consequences for daily life. METHOD: Fifteen participants with a median age 24 years (17-55 years), born with thumb hypoplasia/aplasia or thumb duplication were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Although the mobility and strength in the thumb/hand(s) varied within the group, hand function was generally described as good...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917149/wavelet-packet-feature-assessment-for-high-density-myoelectric-pattern-recognition-and-channel-selection-toward-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
Dongqing Wang, Xu Zhang, Xiaoping Gao, Xiang Chen, Ping Zhou
This study presents wavelet packet feature assessment of neural control information in paretic upper limb muscles of stroke survivors for myoelectric pattern recognition, taking advantage of high-resolution time-frequency representations of surface electromyogram (EMG) signals. On this basis, a novel channel selection method was developed by combining the Fisher's class separability index and the sequential feedforward selection analyses, in order to determine a small number of appropriate EMG channels from original high-density EMG electrode array...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915981/molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects-of-autologous-grafts-for-peri-implant-hard-and-soft-tissue-defects
#9
Jiayu Lu, Yongming Hao, Wei Zhao, Chengqi Lv, Derong Zou
The lack of supporting hard and soft tissues always prevents the rehabilitation with dental implants. Among various hard and soft tissue augmentation procedures, autologous grafts have been considered to be the gold standard. Autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow, dental tissue and adipose tissue have been described as promising alternatives for bone regeneration in the field of dental implantation. Mucosal cells, gingival fibroblasts and dental progenitor cells (DPS) can enhance peri-implant soft tissue augmentation and regenerate periodontal tissues around dental implants...
December 1, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914614/outcomes-of-percutaneous-trigger-finger-release%C3%A2-with-concurrent-steroid-injection
#10
Wen-Chih Liu, Chun-Kuan Lu, Yu-Chuan Lin, Peng-Ju Huang, Gau-Tyan Lin, Yin-Chih Fu
Percutaneous release (PR) of the A1 pulley is a quick, safe, and minimally invasive procedure for treating trigger fingers. The purpose of this study is to identify if PR with additional steroid injections can shorten the recovery to reach unlimited range of motion. Between January 2013 and December 2013, we included 432 trigger fingers with actively correctable triggering or severer symptoms without previous surgical release or steroid injections from two hand clinic offices (A and B). The same experienced surgeon performed PR at the office...
December 2016: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909754/dual-plate-fixation-on-distal-third-diaphyseal-fracture-of-the-humerus
#11
Jun-Ku Lee, Yun-Sung Choi, Young-Suk Sim, Dae-Sung Choi, Soo-Hong Han
INTRODUCTION: Displaced unstable distal third fractures of the humeral diaphysis are treated surgically through open reduction and internal fixation. Conventionally, surgeons prefer using long plates for secure fixation; however, we performed short plate dual plating for robust fixation that required a smaller incision and less dissection through an anterior approach. In this study, we report the results of dual plating of fractures of the humeral shaft, with radiographic evidence and clinical analysis...
December 1, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909072/the-mirror-illusion-increases-motor-cortex-excitability-in-children-with-and-without-hemiparesis
#12
Sebastian Grunt, Christopher J Newman, Stefanie Saxer, Maja Steinlin, Christian Weisstanner, Alain Kaelin-Lang
Background Mirror therapy provides a visual illusion of a normal moving limb by using the mirror reflection of the unaffected arm instead of viewing the paretic limb and is used in rehabilitation to improve hand function. Little is known about the mechanism underlying its effect in children with hemiparesis. Objective To investigate the effect of the mirror illusion (MI) on the excitability of the primary motor cortex (M1) in children and adolescents. Methods Twelve patients with hemiparesis (10-20 years) and 8 typically developing subjects (8-17 years) participated...
November 30, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900923/-the-infection-risk-scan-in-clinical-practice-improving-infection-prevention-and-antibiotic-use-through-transparency
#13
I Willemsen, J A J W Kluytmans
OBJECTIVE: The increase in Highly Resistant Micro-Organisms (HRMO) in hospitals and nursing homes requires an intensification of infection prevention measures. This paper describes a new, standardised approach to infection prevention and monitoring of antibiotic use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. METHOD: The Infection RIsk Scan (IRIS) measures a number of objectifiable variables in the field of infection prevention, including the dissemination of HRMO, the use of antibiotics and indwelling medical devices, environmental contamination, hand hygiene and personal hygiene of healthcare workers, and various infection control preconditions...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898040/identification-of-object-dynamics-using-hand-worn-motion-and-force-sensors
#14
Henk G Kortier, H Martin Schepers, Peter H Veltink
Emerging microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based sensors become much more applicable for on-body measurement purposes lately. Especially, the development of a finger tip-sized tri-axial force sensor gives the opportunity to measure interaction forces between the human hand and environmental objects. We have developed a new prototype device that allows simultaneous 3D force and movement measurements at the finger and thumb tips. The combination of interaction forces and movements makes it possible to identify the dynamical characteristics of the object being handled by the hand...
November 26, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893562/clinical-evaluation-of-zygomatic-implant-supported-fixed-and-removable-prosthesis
#15
Belir Atalay, Özge Doğanay, Banu Karayazgan Saraçoğlu, Özgür Bultan, Günter Hafiz
The aim of our study was to present success and complication rates of 32 zygomatic implants (ZI) and compare satisfaction of patients rehabilitated with ZI supported hybrid prosthesis in atrophic jaws and removable prosthesis in maxillary defects. Sixteen patients who have been diagnosed as atrophic maxilla or maxillary defect were treated with ZI supported hybrid or removable prosthesis between 2008 and 2016 years, respectively. Thirty-two of 70 implants were placed in the zygomatic bone. Two prosthetic groups were compared 1 month after prosthesis delivery in terms of general satisfaction, stability, performance, esthetics, phonetics, hygiene level based on visual analog scale...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891159/effects-of-health-qigong-exercises-on-relieving-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Xiao Lei Liu, Shihui Chen, Yongtai Wang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Health Qigong on the treatment and releasing symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Fifty-four moderate PD patients (N = 54) were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Twenty-eight PD patients were placed in the experimental group in which the prescribed medication plus Health Qigong exercise will be used as intervention. The other 26 PD patients as the control group were treated only with regular medication. Ten-week intervention had been conducted for the study, and participants completed the scheduled exercises 5 times per week for 60 minutes each time (10 minutes for warm-up, 40 minutes for the exercise, and 10 minutes for cooldown)...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890204/-hand-rehabilitation-after-distal-radius-fracture
#17
D Thomas, D Zanin
Distal radius fractures (DRF) are common. Good outcomes are the result of appropriate initial treatment (immobilization, external fixation, percutaneous pinning or open reduction and internal fixation) and rehabilitation adapted to this treatment. When started immediately, rehabilitation of DRF prevents complications due to immobilization, surgery and a non-controlled healing process. Splints play an important role at all stages of rehabilitation.
December 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887610/integral-strategy-to-supportive-care-in-breast-cancer-survivors-through-occupational-therapy-and-a-m-health-system-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Mario Lozano-Lozano, Lydia Martín-Martín, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Francisco Álvarez-Salvago, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Carmen Sánchez-Salado, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Technological support using e-health mobile applications (m-health) is a promising strategy to improve the adherence to healthy lifestyles in breast cancer survivors (excess in energy intake or low physical activity are determinants of the risk of recurrence, second cancers and cancer mortality). Moreover, cancer rehabilitation programs supervised by health professionals are needed due to the inherent characteristics of these breast cancer patients. Our main objective is to compare the clinical efficacy of a m-health lifestyle intervention system alone versus an integral strategy to improve Quality of Life in breast cancer survivors...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886831/finger-injuries-in-football-and-rugby
#19
REVIEW
Kate E Elzinga, Kevin C Chung
Football and rugby athletes are at increased risk of finger injuries given the full-contact nature of these sports. Some players may return to play early with protective taping, splinting, and casting. Others require a longer rehabilitation period and prolonged time away from the field. The treating hand surgeon must weigh the benefits of early return to play for the current season and future playing career against the risks of reinjury and long-term morbidity, including post-traumatic arthritis and decreased range of motion and strength...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886830/flexor-tendon-pulley-injuries-in-rock-climbers
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth A King, John R Lien
Closed pulley ruptures are rare in the general population but occur more frequently in rock climbers due to biomechanical demands on the hand. Injuries present with pain and swelling over the affected pulley, and patients may feel or hear a pop at the time of injury. Sequential pulley ruptures are required for clinical bowstringing of the flexor tendons. Ultrasound confirms diagnosis of pulley rupture and evaluates degree of displacement of the flexor tendons. Isolated pulley ruptures frequently are treated conservatively with early functional rehabilitation...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
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