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Elena Ricci, Paola Viganò, Sonia Cipriani, Francesca Chiaffarino, Stefano Bianchi, Giorgia Rebonato, Fabio Parazzini
BACKGROUND: The potential association between endometriosis and physical activity (PA) has been suggested in several epidemiological studies.We aimed to establish whether PA influences endometriosis risk. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched using "physical activity" OR "exercise" combined with "endometriosis," in Medical Subject Headings and free text. We selected original articles in English, published up to April 2016, evaluating the association between endometriosis and recent or past PA (case-control or cohort studies)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Claudia Lange, Lorenz Deutschenbaur, Stefan Borgwardt, Undine E Lang, Marc Walter, Christian G Huber
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that exposure to social stress plays a crucial role in the onset and relapse of schizophrenia; however, the reaction of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) to experimentally induced social stress is not yet fully understood. METHOD: Original research published between January 1993 and August 2015 was included in this systematic literature research. Social stress paradigms, reporting subjective responses to stress measures, plasma or saliva cortisol, or heart rate (HR) in patients with SSD were included...
October 9, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Jesse Aidan Dinh, Danial Baker, Manpreet Chahal
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the efficacy, tolerability, drug interactions, dosing, and administration issues associated with enzalutamide, abiraterone, and radium-223 for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE and Web of Science were used to search for relevant articles using a key-word search (enzalutamide, abiraterone, radium-223, and phase 3). No restriction was placed on the date of publication...
2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Melissa J Maguire, Cerian F Jackson, Anthony G Marson, Sarah J Nolan
BACKGROUND: Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) is defined as sudden, unexpected, witnessed or unwitnessed, non-traumatic or non-drowning death of people with epilepsy, with or without evidence of a seizure, excluding documented status epilepticus and in whom postmortem examination does not reveal a structural or toxicological cause for death. SUDEP has a reported incidence of 1 to 2 per 1000 patient years and represents the most common epilepsy-related cause of death. The presence and frequency of generalised tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS), male sex, early age of seizure onset, duration of epilepsy, and polytherapy are all predictors of risk of SUDEP...
July 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Jyotindu Debnath
Plagiarism is one of the most serious forms of scientific misconduct prevalent today and is an important reason for significant proportion of rejection of manuscripts and retraction of published articles. It is time for the medical fraternity to unanimously adopt a 'zero tolerance' policy towards this menace. While responsibility for ensuring a plagiarism-free manuscript primarily lies with the authors, editors cannot absolve themselves of their accountability. The only way to write a plagiarism-free manuscript for an author is to write an article in his/her own words, literally and figuratively...
April 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Branka Marinović
Each year, during the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology, there is a meeting of the Council of Dermatology Editors organized by Professor Larry Parish from Philadelphia. It is so nice to meet old friends there and make some new ones, but above all it is a very good platform to discuss the problems journals and their editors are facing today. Some of the topics we discussed during this year's meeting were the increasing number of case reports submitted to all dermatological journals, problems of plagiarism, the rising number of online journals, and the predatory policies quite often connected with them...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Monika Pobiruchin, Sylvia Bochum, Uwe M Martens, Meinhard Kieser, Wendelin Schramm
OBJECTIVES: Today, hospitals and other health care-related institutions are accumulating a growing bulk of real world clinical data. Such data offer new possibilities for the generation of disease models for the health economic evaluation. In this article, we propose a new approach to leverage cancer registry data for the development of Markov models. Records of breast cancer patients from a clinical cancer registry were used to construct a real world data driven disease model. METHODS: We describe a model generation process which maps database structures to disease state definitions based on medical expert knowledge...
April 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Kaissar Yammine
The open access model, where researchers can publish their work and make it freely available to the whole medical community, is gaining ground over the traditional type of publication. However, fees are to be paid by either the authors or their institutions. The purpose of this paper is to assess the proportion and type of open access evidence-based articles in the form of systematic reviews and meta-analyses in the field of musculoskeletal disorders and orthopedic surgery. PubMed database was searched and the results showed a maximal number of hits for low back pain and total hip arthroplasty...
November 2015: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Erfaneh Shayganni, Mahmoud Bahmani, Sedigheh Asgary, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: In aging, a host of molecular and cellular changes occur which accelerate alteration and progression of inflammatory diseases. These conditions in the elderly people cause appearance of a phenomenon which has been denoted as "inflammaging". Understanding the pathogenesis and finding new methods for management of inflammaging are essential. PURPOSE: In this paper we tried not only to explain inflammaging and its treatments with concentrating on medical plants but to collect a sufficient collection of anti-inflammatory plants with focusing on their mechanism of action...
October 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Francesca Chiaffarino, Elena Ricci, Sonia Cipriani, Vito Chiantera, Fabio Parazzini
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the relationship between smoking and the risk of uterine myoma, we conducted a systematic review and a meta-analysis of published studies. In this meta-analysis, we included all identified studies of association between smoking and uterine myoma where these were case-control or cohort studies, reporting original data, ultrasound or histological confirmed diagnosis of myomas and information on the association between tobacco smoking and myomas. STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a literature search on MEDLINE/EMBASE of all studies published as original articles in English up to October 2015, using the Medical Subject Heading terms and free search terms about myoma and smoking...
February 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Kurt R Schumacher, Joyce M Lee, Sara K Pasquali
Social media is any type of communication utilising electronic technology that follows two guiding principles: free publishing or sharing of content and ideas and group collaboration and inter-connectedness. Over the last 10 years, social media technology has made tremendous inroads into all facets of communication. Modalities such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter are no longer viewed as new communication technologies. Owing to their tremendous usage, they are now common ways to conduct a dialogue with individuals and groups...
December 2015: Cardiology in the Young
I Faizullin, E Faizullina
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is a medical condition when ankle ligaments are totally or partially torn. The primary cause of ankle sprain is sharp movements like turning or rolling the foot [1]. The ankle sprain needs to be treated right after the trauma, because if not treated it could lead to decreased stability of the ankle joint and lead to chronic ankle instability, which is characterized by increased risk of the ankle sprain [2] . We suppose that rehabilitation after the ankle sprain could significantly increase the performance of sportsmen...
2015: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Ives Cavalcante Passos, Mirela Paiva Vasconcelos-Moreno, Leonardo Gazzi Costa, Maurício Kunz, Elisa Brietzke, João Quevedo, Giovanni Salum, Pedro V Magalhães, Flávio Kapczinski, Márcia Kauer-Sant'Anna
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating inflammatory markers in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have yielded mixed results. The aim of our study was to compare concentrations of inflammatory markers in patients with PTSD compared with healthy controls. METHODS: We did a meta-analysis and meta-regression of studies comparing inflammatory markers between patients with PTSD and healthy controls by searching PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and PsycINFO for articles published between Jan 1, 1960, and April 7, 2015...
November 2015: Lancet Psychiatry
Lukas Mangnus, Jan W Schoones, Annette H M van der Helm-van Mil
INTRODUCTION: MRI sensitively depicts erosions, bone marrow edema (BME) and synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Recently developed European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations stated that MRI is valuable to improve the certainty of a considered diagnosis and to detect structural damage at an early time point. However, these recommendations were mainly based on the data of patients with RA; prevalences of MRI features in the general population were not extensively explored...
2015: RMD Open
Stefan Renvert, Marc Quirynen
AIM: To examine the existing evidence in identifying risk indicators in the etiology of peri-implantitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in MEDLINE via PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine, for articles published until October 2014 using Medical Subject Heading search terms + free text terms and in different combinations. RESULTS: The microbiota associated with peri-implantitis is complex, demonstrating differences and similarities to the one seen at periodontitis sites...
September 2015: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Ilan Mizrahi, Sukumar P Desai
BACKGROUND: The first academic departments of anesthesia were established in the United States at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1927, with Ralph M. Waters named as chairman, and in the UK at Oxford University in 1937, with Robert Macintosh as chairman. Compared to these early departments, more than 3 decades would pass before Harvard Medical School decided it was time to establish a department of anaesthesia, in 1969. We examine the forces on both sides of the issue, for and against, and how they played out in the late 1960s...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Chong Lei, Li-Ze Xiong
OBJECTIVE: Blood transfusion saves lives but may also increase the risk of injury. The objective of this review was to evaluate the possible adverse effects related to transfusion of red blood cell (RBC) concentrates stored for prolonged periods. DATA SOURCES: The data used in this review were mainly from PubMed articles published in English up to February 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical and basic research articles were selected according to their relevance to this topic...
September 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
T Ganslandt, W O Hackl
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and to propose a selection of best papers published in 2014 in the field of Clinical Information Systems (CIS). METHOD: A query with search terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) catalog as well as additional free text search terms was designed to identify relevant publications in the field of clinical information systems from PubMed and Web of Science®. The retrieved articles were then categorized in a multi-pass review carried out separately by the section editors...
August 13, 2015: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Tomas Vymazal
INTRODUCTION: Massive hemorrhage remains a major cause of potentially preventable deaths. Better control of bleeding could improve survival rates by 10%-20%. Transfusion intervention concepts have been formulated in order to minimize acute traumatic coagulopathy. These interventions still have not been standardized and vary among medical centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on a literature search using free term keywords and Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) index, we analyzed published articles addressing massive hemorrhage, component therapy, fresh whole blood, and fibrinogen from the year 2000 onward, in journals with impact factor >1...
2015: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Victor U Ekpu, Abraham K Brown
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the cause of many preventable diseases and premature deaths in the UK and around the world. It poses enormous health- and non-health-related costs to the affected individuals, employers, and the society at large. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that, globally, smoking causes over US$500 billion in economic damage each year. OBJECTIVES: This paper examines global and UK evidence on the economic impact of smoking prevalence and evaluates the effectiveness and cost effectiveness of smoking cessation measures...
2015: Tobacco Use Insights
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