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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316001/directly-observed-therapy-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-with-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-people-who-inject-drugs-at-risk-for-non-adherence-to-direct-acting-antivirals
#1
Angelika Schütz, Stephan Moser, Cornelia Schwanke, Raphael Schubert, Julian Luhn, Enisa Gutic, Tobias Lang, Michael Schleicher, Hans Haltmayer, Michael Gschwantler
An important subgroup of people who inject drugs (PWID) receiving opioid agonist therapy (OAT), cannot be treated in the setting of a hepatology center and would not regularly ingest their medication when handed to them for self-administration. Our hypothesis was that chronic hepatitis C in these patients could be ideally managed if modern, interferon-free regimens were administered together with OAT under direct observation of a physician or nurse at a low-threshold facility. In this open-label, non-interventional, proof-of-concept study (ClinicalTrials...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315813/liver-transplantation-vs-liver-resection-in-patients-with-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-beyond-milan-criterion-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Wei Li, Long Li, Jun Han, Hong Wu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published reports to compare long-term outcomes after liver transplantation (LT) and liver resection (LR), respectively, in patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond the Milan criterion. METHODS: A systematic search of the Embase, Medline, PubMed databases and the Cochrane Library was performed using both medical subject headings (MeSH) and truncated word searches to identify all comparative studies published on this topic...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289535/female-sexual-function-following-surgical-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Maria Cláudia Bicudo-Fürst, Pedro Henrique Borba Leite, Felipe Placco Araújo Glina, Willy Baccaglini, Rafael Vilhena de Carvalho Fürst, Carlos Alberto Bezerra, Sidney Glina
INTRODUCTION: The impact of surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on female sexual function has received attention in the medical literature, but not in a structured manner. AIM: To assess the most recent evidence on the impact of surgical management for female SUI on female sexual function. METHODS: The review and meta-analysis of available articles published in Medline, Cochrane, LILACS, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINHAL, and EMBASE included prospective randomized and non-randomized studies that assessed patients who underwent surgical treatment for UI through 2 validated questionnaires: the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI)...
December 27, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140658/killing-u-s-slowly-curing-the-epidemic-rise-of-cancer-drug-prices
#4
Emily K White
In August 2015, more than 110 U.S. oncologists published an article detailing the deleterious effects of rising cancer drugs prices and calling for numerous reforms to our prescription drug system. These prices are the result of decades of political maneuvering; they reflect the way our country has chosen to pay for healthcare, to foster and reward innovation, and to promote a national free market system. While these choices have resulted in immense profits for pharmaceutical companies—and subsidized the development of prescription drugs globally—they have also left many cancer patients unable to afford their medications...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095272/treatment-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-with-chinese-herbal-medicine-a-prospective-cohort-study-protocol
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hui Meng, Nan Peng, Mingwei Yu, Xu Sun, Yunfei Ma, Guowang Yang, Xiaomin Wang
INTRODUCTION: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is featured with the biological properties of strong aggressive behaviors, rapid disease progression, high risk of recurrence and metastasis, and low disease free survival. Patients with this tumor are insensitive to the endocrine therapy and target treatment for HER-2; therefore, chemotherapy is often used as routine treatment in clinical. Because of the fact that a considerable number of patients seek for Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) treatment after operation and chemotherapy and (or) radiotherapy, it is thus need to evaluate the correlation between Chinese herbal medicine treatment and prognosis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091742/biosecurity-implications-for-the-synthesis-of-horsepox-an-orthopoxvirus
#6
Diane DiEuliis, Kavita Berger, Gigi Gronvall
This article examines the biosecurity and biodefense implications resulting from the recent creation of horsepox virus, a noncirculating (extinct) species of orthopoxvirus. Here we examine the technical aspects of the horsepox virus synthesis and conclude that orthopox synthesis experiments currently remain technically challenging-and will continue to be so, even once this work is published in the scientific literature. This limits potential misuse by some types of nefarious actors. We also examine the implications of one stated purpose for the recreation of horsepox virus: the development of a smallpox vaccine...
November 1, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063547/clinical-information-systems-as-the-backbone-of-a-complex-information-logistics-process-findings-from-the-clinical-information-systems-perspective-for-2016
#7
W O Hackl, T Ganslandt
Objective: To summarize recent research and to propose a selection of best papers published in 2016 in the field of Clinical Information Systems (CIS). Method: The query used to retrieve the articles for the CIS section of the 2016 edition of the IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics was reused. It again aimed at identifying relevant publications in the field of CIS from PubMed and Web of Science and comprised search terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) catalog as well as additional free text search terms...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063546/clinical-information-systems-as-the-backbone-of-a-complex-information-logistics-process-findings-from-the-clinical-information-systems-perspective-for-2016
#8
W O Hackl, T Ganslandt
Objective: To summarize recent research and to propose a selection of best papers published in 2016 in the field of Clinical Information Systems (CIS). Method: The query used to retrieve the articles for the CIS section of the 2016 edition of the IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics was reused. It again aimed at identifying relevant publications in the field of CIS from PubMed and Web of Science and comprised search terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) catalog as well as additional free text search terms...
August 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051136/using-google-glass-in-nonsurgical-medical-settings-systematic-review
#9
Bryn Dougherty, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: Wearable technologies provide users hands-free access to computer functions and are becoming increasingly popular on both the consumer market and in various industries. The medical industry has pioneered research and implementation of head-mounted wearable devices, such as Google Glass. Most of this research has focused on surgical interventions; however, other medical fields have begun to explore the potential of this technology to support both patients and clinicians. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using Google Glass in nonsurgical medical settings and to determine the benefits, limitations, and future directions of its application...
October 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978212/overview-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-ipf-and-evidence-based-guidelines
#10
Roozbeh Sharif
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive form of interstitial lung disease (ILD), characterized by fibrosis and worsening lung function, that primarily occurs in those 50 years and older. Various causes including genetic susceptibility, environmental risk factors, and exposures have been suggested in the literature. All of these cause repetitive micro-injury to the lung tissue and vasculature, which triggers a cascade of inflammatory response and fibrosis. Symptoms are nonspecific and most patients present several years after the initial radiographic changes occur...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913837/practical-recommendations-for-reporting-fine-gray-model-analyses-for-competing-risk-data
#11
Peter C Austin, Jason P Fine
In survival analysis, a competing risk is an event whose occurrence precludes the occurrence of the primary event of interest. Outcomes in medical research are frequently subject to competing risks. In survival analysis, there are 2 key questions that can be addressed using competing risk regression models: first, which covariates affect the rate at which events occur, and second, which covariates affect the probability of an event occurring over time. The cause-specific hazard model estimates the effect of covariates on the rate at which events occur in subjects who are currently event-free...
September 15, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900730/review-of-local-injection-of-anti-tnf-for-perianal-fistulising-crohn-s-disease
#12
REVIEW
Samuel O Adegbola, Kapil Sahnan, Philip J Tozer, Robin Ks Phillips, Omar D Faiz, Janindra Warusavitarne, Ailsa Hart
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistulising Crohn's disease (PFCD) affects a third of Crohn's disease patients and represents a disabling phenotype with poor outcome. The anti-tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) therapies have been shown to maintain clinical remission in a third of patients after 1 year of treatment. Maintenance therapy with systematic administration schedules confers greatest benefit, but exposes patients to risks/side effects of continued systemic use and led to consideration of local drug delivery (first described in 2000)...
November 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884050/ready-aim-fire-targeting-the-right-medical-science-journal
#13
Timothy C Hardman, James M Serginson
OBJECTIVE: Inadvertently submitting a paper to a journal that is unlikely to publish it is a waste of resources and ultimately delays dissemination of one's research. A high proportion of manuscripts are rejected by their author's first-choice journal. The aim of the present work was to review guidance provided within the literature for journal selection that might minimize the chance of manuscript rejection. We also consider papers that encompass more than one main medical science and describe the selection process that we used with a paper that was published in Cardiovascular Endocrinology...
September 2017: Cardiovascular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851401/knowledge-sharing-in-global-health-research-the-impact-uptake-and-cost-of-open-access-to-scholarly-literature
#14
Elise Smith, Stefanie Haustein, Philippe Mongeon, Fei Shu, Valéry Ridde, Vincent Larivière
BACKGROUND: In 1982, the Annals of Virology published a paper showing how Liberia has a highly endemic potential of Ebola warning health authorities of the risk for potential outbreaks; this journal is only available by subscription. Limiting the accessibility of such knowledge may have reduced information propagation toward public health actors who were indeed surprised by and unprepared for the 2014 epidemic. Open access (OA) publication can allow for increased access to global health research (GHR)...
August 29, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845902/persistence-of-delirium-after-cessation-of-sedatives-and-analgesics-and-impact-on-clinical-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
Michael T Kenes, Joanna L Stollings, Li Wang, Timothy D Girard, E Wesley Ely, Pratik P Pandharipande
STUDY OBJECTIVE: As delirium is a common manifestation in critically ill patients and is associated with worse clinical outcomes, we sought to characterize the reversibility of delirium after discontinuation of sedation and to determine whether sedation-associated delirium that rapidly reverses impacts clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Post hoc subgroup analysis of prospectively collected data from a previously published study. PATIENTS: Seventy adults admitted to a medical intensive care unit (ICU) between March and July 2012 who required mechanical ventilation with continuous analgesia and/or sedation and underwent a spontaneous awakening trial (SAT)...
November 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732524/how-to-choose-the-best-journal-for-your-case-report
#16
EDITORIAL
Richard A Rison, Jennifer Kelly Shepphird, Michael R Kidd
Since the establishment of the Journal of Medical Case Reports in 2006, the number of journals that publish case reports has increased rapidly, and most of these journals are open access. Open access publishing usually requires authors to pay publication fees while offering the articles online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. The movement for open access has gained support in the research community, with the publishers BioMed Central and PLOS ONE becoming leaders in scientific publishing in their number of articles and citations...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718878/deep-brain-and-cortical-stimulation-for-epilepsy
#17
REVIEW
Mathieu Sprengers, Kristl Vonck, Evelien Carrette, Anthony G Marson, Paul Boon
BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical treatment, including epilepsy surgery, many epilepsy patients have uncontrolled seizures. Since the 1970s interest has grown in invasive intracranial neurostimulation as a treatment for these patients. Intracranial stimulation includes both deep brain stimulation (DBS) (stimulation through depth electrodes) and cortical stimulation (subdural electrodes). This is an updated version of a previous Cochrane review published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of DBS and cortical stimulation for refractory epilepsy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714362/impact-of-tumor-architecture-on-disease-recurrence-and-cancer-specific-mortality-of-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-treated-with-radical-nephroureterectomy
#18
Bo Fan, Bin Hu, Qingmin Yuan, Shuang Wen, Tianqing Liu, Shanshan Bai, Xiaofeng Qi, Xin Wang, Deyong Yang, Xiuzhen Sun, Xishuang Song
Upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC) is a relatively uncommon but aggressive disease. Recent publications have assessed the prognostic significance of tumor architecture in UTUC, but there is still controversy regarding the significance and importance of tumor architecture on disease recurrence. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 101 patients with clinical UTUC who had undergone surgery. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with disease recurrence and cancer-specific mortality...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711679/reproducibility-of-studies-on-text-mining-for-citation-screening-in-systematic-reviews-evaluation-and-checklist
#19
Babatunde Kazeem Olorisade, Pearl Brereton, Peter Andras
CONTEXT: Independent validation of published scientific results through study replication is a pre-condition for accepting the validity of such results. In computation research, full replication is often unrealistic for independent results validation, therefore, study reproduction has been justified as the minimum acceptable standard to evaluate the validity of scientific claims. The application of text mining techniques to citation screening in the context of systematic literature reviews is a relatively young and growing computational field with high relevance for software engineering, medical research and other fields...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659510/swedish-massage-a-systematic-review-of-its-physical-and-psychological-benefits
#20
Débora M Barreto, Marcus V A Batista
Context • Swedish massage is the systematic application of manual pressure and the movement of soft tissue, with rhythmical pressure and stroking to obtain or maintain health. Studies have revealed its many benefits. Objective • The aim of the current study was to determine the results of past studies that evaluated the benefits of Swedish massage for various populations and to highlight its relevance as an alternative medical practice in health promotion and disease prevention. Methods • The research team performed a review of the literature using the key terms massage, relaxation, and benefits of massage...
April 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
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