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Yurie Shimoda-Komatsu, Misaki Kinoshita-Ise, Hiroaki Shimoyamada, Manabu Ohyama
Granuloma faciale (GF) is a rare chronic dermatosis with still unknown etiopathology, which usually presents a solitary, asymptomatic, smooth reddish-brown to violaceous plaques or nodules on the face. Various therapeutic approaches, including topical application of corticosteroid or tacrolimus and removal with laser, cryotherapy and surgery have been attempted; however, the outcome has been inconsistent. Herein, we report a case of perinasal nodular GF who repeatedly underwent surgical excisions after the failure of laser treatment...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Md Shuayb, Arunangshu Das, Mirza Nazim Uddin
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) comprises approximately 0.02% of all malignant tumours, which are a very small fraction of a group of cancers that affect in 0.7 to 2 in 1 000 000 people per year. Recurrence is very common even after complete resection and prognosis is poor. We report a case of a sporadic form of ACC found in a 41-year-old Asian Bangladeshi man. His tumour was surgically excised completely with negative margins and he did not receive any adjuvant therapy. Four years later, adrenal adenoma was developed at his opposite side which was also excised...
June 13, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
M Arenas, E Rodríguez, A Sahebkar, S Sabater, D Rizo, O Pallisé, M Hernández, F Riu, J Camps, J Joven
PURPOSE: Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is a lipolactonase implicated in the elimination of carcinogenic free radicals and in the scavenging mechanisms to maintain oxidative balance. The objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate possible alterations in serum PON1 activity in patients with cancer. METHODS: A systematic search of the observational studies in humans published in the last 15 years was performed through Medline databases following the PRISMA and STARLITE statements...
July 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
Eugen Lungu, Philippe Grondin, Patrice Tétreault, François Desmeules, Guy Cloutier, Manon Choinière, Nathalie J Bureau
INTRODUCTION: Chronic lateral epicondylosis (CLE) of the elbow is a prevalent condition among middle-aged people with no consensus on optimal care management but for which surgery is generally accepted as a second intention treatment. Among conservative treatment options, ultrasound (US)-guided fenestration has shown encouraging results that should be explored before surgery is considered. The primary objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of US-guided fenestration with open-release surgery in patients with failure to improve following a minimum 6 months of conservative treatment...
June 9, 2018: BMJ Open
Mary K La, Alexander Sedykh, Denis Fourches, Eugene Muratov, Alexander Tropsha
INTRODUCTION: Given that adverse drug effects (ADEs) have led to post-market patient harm and subsequent drug withdrawal, failure of candidate agents in the drug development process, and other negative outcomes, it is essential to attempt to forecast ADEs and other relevant drug-target-effect relationships as early as possible. Current pharmacologic data sources, providing multiple complementary perspectives on the drug-target-effect paradigm, can be integrated to facilitate the inference of relationships between these entities...
June 6, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Nathan T Douthit, Seema Biswas
Since 2013, BMJ Case Reports ( has published over 70 global health case reports from five continents, written by doctors, nurses, students, and allied health professionals. These cases, a burgeoning repository of evidence of how real patients are affected by disease, trauma, violence, sexual assault, conflict, migration, adverse living and working conditions, and poor access to health care, discuss, in addition to clinicopathological findings, the global health problems affecting each patient...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
K N Lokesh, Tamojit Chaudhuri, K C Lakshmaiah, K Govind Babu, Lokanatha Dasappa, Linu Abraham Jacob, M C Suresh Babu, A H Rudresha, L K Rajeev
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major health burden and the seventh most common cause of cancer-related death in India. Patients with advanced unresectable HCC have a poor prognosis with a reported median survival of only 2-3 months with the best supportive care (BSC). Sorafenib is the only drug that has demonstrated a survival benefit over BSC in advanced HCC. Unfortunately, even though it has been used for a long time, there are very few published data regarding the experience of sorafenib therapy in advanced HCC from India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
Christoph Schliemann, Andrea Kerkhoff, Paula Hesse, Sebastian Bröckling, Jendrik Hardes, Arne Streitbürger, Dimosthenis Andreou, Georg Gosheger, Sandra Elges, Eva Wardelmann, Wolfgang Hartmann, Rolf Mesters, Georg Lenz, Normann Willich, Jan Kriz, Hans Eich, Wolfgang E Berdel, Torsten Kessler
Adjuvant therapy of local soft tissue sarcomas (STS) after wide surgical excision still is a topic under controversial scientific debate. In this single center report we have offered an adjuvant "sandwich" therapy protocol consisting of 4 cycles of doxorubicin (75 mg/m2 i.v. over 1 h on day 1) followed by ifosfamide (5 g/m2 i.v. over 24 h starting on day 1) and local radiotherapy scheduled between chemotherapy cycles 2 and 3 to 104 consecutive patients after wide surgical excision (R0) of histologically proven high-grade STS...
2018: PloS One
Francesca De Lorenzi, Julien Di Bella, Patrick Maisonneuve, Nicole Rotmensz, Giovanni Corso, Roberto Orecchia, Marco Colleoni, Giovanni Mazzarol, Mario Rietjens, Pietro Loschi, Stefano Marcelli, Paolo Veronesi, Viviana Galimberti
BACKGROUND: Few data exist in literature regarding oncoplastic surgery (ONC) and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). The role of ONC in the treatment of DCIS has not been elucidated yet: no case-control study has yet been published on the issue and no long-term oncologic results are reported. METHODS: Using the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) institutional breast cancer data base we investigated the oncologic safety of ONC for DCIS comparing a consecutive series of 44 patients who have underwent ONC followed by external irradiation for DCIS (Group A-study group) with 375 patients who received conservation alone followed by external irradiation for DCIS (Group B control group) in the same period...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Chiara Paganelli, John Kipritidis, Danny Lee, Guido Baroni, Paul Keall, Marco Riboldi
PURPOSE: Several image-based retrospective sorting methods of 4D Magnetic Resonance Imaging (4D MRI) have been proposed for respiratory motion reconstruction in external beam radiotherapy. However, the optimal strategy for providing accurate and artefact-free 4D MRI, ideally corresponding to an average breathing cycle, is not yet defined. This study presents a proactive comparison of three published image-based sorting methods, to define a groundwork for benchmarking in 4D MRI. METHODS: Three published 4D MRI methods were selected for image retrospective sorting; body area, mutual information and navigator slice...
May 14, 2018: Medical Physics
Vincent De Coninck, Etienne Xavier Keller, María Rodríguez-Monsalve, Marie Audouin, Steeve Doizi, Olivier Traxer
OBJECTIVES: To review literature on all available ureteral access sheaths (UASs) with their indications, limitations, risks, advantages and disadvantages in current modern endourological practice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two authors searched Medline, Scopus, Embase and Web of Science databases to identify studies on UASs published in English. No time period restriction was applied. All original articles reporting about outcomes or innovations were included. Additional articles identified through references lists were also included...
May 11, 2018: BJU International
Steinunn Thordardottir, Elena Rodriguez-Vieitez, Ove Almkvist, Daniel Ferreira, Laure Saint-Aubert, Anne Kinhult-Ståhlbom, Håkan Thonberg, Michael Schöll, Eric Westman, Anders Wall, Maria Eriksdotter, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Agneta Nordberg, Caroline Graff
BACKGROUND: The range of onset ages within some PSEN1 families is wide, and a few cases of reduced penetrance of PSEN1 mutations have been reported. However, published data on reduced penetrance have been limited to clinical histories, often collected retrospectively and lacking biomarker information. We present a case of reduced penetrance of the PSEN1 H163Y mutation in a carrier prospectively followed for 22 years. METHODS: Two brothers (A and B), both carriers of the H163Y mutation, were followed between 1995 and 2017...
May 10, 2018: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
D Lim, B C Ma, R Parumo, P Shanmuhasuntharam
Submental intubation has been used as an alternative to conventional intubation in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery since its introduction by Francisco Hernández Altemir in 1986. A review of submental intubation was performed using data from all case reports, case-series, and prospective and retrospective studies published between 1986 and 2016. The indications, variations in incision length, incision sites, types of endotracheal tube used, methods of exteriorization, and complications were recorded and analyzed...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Petra Jurisic, Daiana Cristina Salm, Cintia Vieira, Francisco José Cidral-Filho, Leidiane Mazzardo-Martins, Daniel Fernandes Martins
INTRODUCTION: The mechanisms underlying the use of yoga in pain relief are still unclear. This study reviewed literature reports on encephalic activity related to analgesia induced by yoga meditation practice. METHODS: This integrative review examined studies published in the Pubmed, LILACS and MEDLINE databases without restriction of the year of publication. The research involved 16 descriptors related to the words: yoga, pain and neuroimaging methods. Inclusion criteria involved only the publications available online, with free access and written in English...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Ritsuko Kohno, Wayne O Adkisson, David G Benditt
Head-up tilt (HUT) has long been used to examine heart rate and blood pressure adaptation to changes in position. During such studies, incidental observations noted that some test subjects experienced total or near-total transient loss of consciousness and that, in some cases, hypotension was associated with unexpected marked bradycardia compatible with a vasovagal syncope (VVS) reaction. The first report of HUT as a clinical tool to confirm a diagnosis of suspected VVS was published in 1966, and led to the concept of using HUT as a diagnostic tool for VVS...
April 25, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
María de Los Ángeles Cañizares Méndez, Manuel Amosa Delgado, Juan Antonio Álvarez Salgado, Jorge Javier Villaseñor Ledezma, Elena Capilla Cabezuelo, Francisco Díaz Crespo
Papillary tumor of the pineal region is a rare neuroepithelial tumor characterized by papillary architecture and epithelial cytology, immunopositivity for cytokeratin and ependymal differentiation. It is considered grade II-III by the World Health Organization and was first described by Jouvet in 2003. We present a 34-year-old male with headaches, blurred vision and normal examination. Radiological study showed a nodulocystic lesion in the pineal region compatible with pineocytoma. Surgery was performed using an infratentorial supracerebellar approach, finding a cystic tumor in the quadrigeminal cistern which was completely resected...
April 22, 2018: Neurocirugía
Iciar Arteagoitia, Carlos Rodriguez Andrés, Eva Ramos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Scientific evidence is not clear regarding the use of antimicrobial mouth rinse before dental extraction to reduce bacteremia. We tested the null hypothesis that there would be no difference in the incidence of bacteremia following dental extractions in patients treated with or without chlorhexidine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis following the recommendations proposed by PRISMA Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
2018: PloS One
Atta Ul Aleem Bhatti, Nasir Khan Jakhrani, Maria Adnan Parekh
The past few years have seen increasing support for gross total resection in the management of low-grade gliomas (LGGs), with a greater extent of resection correlated with better overall survival, progression-free survival, and time to malignant transformation. There is consistent evidence in literature supporting extent of safe resection as a good prognostic indicator as well as positively affecting seizure control, symptomatic relief in pressure symptoms, and longer progression-free and total survival. The operative goal in most LGG cases is to maximize the extent of resection for these benefits while avoiding postoperative neurologic deficits...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Coralie Prebet, Jacques Bouaud, Gilles Guézennec, Brigitte Seroussi
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in Western countries and the first cause of death among women in France. Studies have reported that the compliance of the treatment with breast cancer clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is accompanied with a significant improvement of recurrence-free survival and overall survival rates. However, compliance of multidisciplinary tumour board decisions with CPGs remains non-satisfactory. The European project DESIREE aims at building a software package to support the guideline-based management of breast cancer patients...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Ambria S Moten, Sujana Movva, Margaret von Mehren, Hong Wu, Nestor F Esnaola, Sanjay S Reddy, Jeffrey M Farma
BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare lesions occurring almost anywhere in the body. Multiple case reports have been published. However, there are very few large-scale studies regarding GCT. The aim of this study was to define characteristics, treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with GCT. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective chart review was performed. Descriptive statistics, chi-square analyses, and Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were produced...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
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