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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072751/duodenal-plexiform-fibromyxoma-as-a-cause-of-obscure-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-case-report
#1
Demetrios Moris, Evangelia Spanou, Stavros Sougioultzis, Nikolaos Dimitrokallis, Polyxeni Kalisperati, Ioanna Delladetsima, Evangelos Felekouras
RATIONALE: We are reporting the first-to our knowledge-case of duodenal Plexiform Fibromyxoma causing obscure upper gastrointestinal bleeding. PATIENT CONCERNS: Plexiform fibromyxoma triggered recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding episodes in a 63-year-old man who remained undiagnosed, despite multiple hospitalizations, extensive diagnostic workups and surgical interventions (including gastrectomies), for almost 17 years. DIAGNOSES-INTERVENTIONS: During hospitalization for the last bleeding episode, an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an intestinal hemorrhagic nodule...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070469/leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-with-systemic-involvement-associated-with-ciprofloxacin-therapy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Bruno Morgado, Catarina Madeira, Joana Pinto, Joana Pestana
A 71-year-old woman presented with constitutional signs and lower extremity palpable purpura after being prescribed a four-day course of 500 mg of ciprofloxacin two times daily for a gastrointestinal infection. She was admitted for inpatient treatment. During the third hospital day, she presented with an episode of abundant hematemesis while her skin lesions remained unchanged. Upper endoscopy revealed multiple lesions consistent with vasculitis and histological examination of the skin biopsy disclosed a leukocytoclastic vasculitis...
November 28, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066947/training-in-eus-an-asian-perspective
#3
REVIEW
J Y Y Wong, P Kongkam, K Y Ho
Training of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in Asia faces two major challenges: (i) the ever-increasing demand for skills to handle a growing range of interventional EUS procedures; and (ii) a continual shortage of EUS training programs. As the therapeutic application of EUS continues to expand,(1, 2) the need to train more new endosonographers and upgrade skills of existing ones has become more critical than ever before. A formal fellowship to acquire EUS knowledge and skills in an advanced endoscopy centre has always been perceived as the best way of training novices, but such opportunities remain limited in most Asian countries...
January 9, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028956/assessment-of-clinical-symptoms-and-multichannel-intraluminal-impedance-and-ph-monitoring-in-children-after-thoracoscopic-repair-of-esophageal-atresia-and-distal-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#4
Barbara M Iwańczak, Agnieszka Kosmowska-Miśków, Anna Kofla-Dłubacz, Mateusz Palczewski, Michał Grabiński, Katarzyna Pawłowska, Krzysztof Matusiewicz, Dariusz Patkowski
BACKGROUND: Motility disturbances of the esophagus and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are observed frequently in children after repair of congenital esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF). Recently, in many pediatric surgical centers, thoracoscopic repair was introduced, which theoretically would change the postoperative course. OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess physical development, disease symptoms, and GERD symptom frequency in children who underwent thoracoscopic surgery of congenital EA/TEF...
September 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028429/gastric-schwannoma-a-case-report
#5
Hayfa Romdhane, Myriam Cheikh, Zeineb Mzoughi, Sana Ben Slama, Rym Ennaifer, Najet Belhadj
Schwannomas are generally benign, slow growing tumors. They are rarely observed in the gastrointestinal tract with the most common site being the stomach. These tumors are usually asymptomatic. The preoperative diagnosis via endoscopy is a challenging issue due to the difficulty of differentiation from other submucosal tumors. A 54-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain persisting for the last 10 months. Upper endoscopy revealed an elevated submucosal mass of the gastric antrum. The overlying mucosa was normal...
October 24, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017974/expectations-for-endoscopic-training-during-gynaecological-specialty-training-results-of-a-germany-wide-survey
#6
L Gabriel, E Solomayer, S Schott, A von Heesen, J Radosa, D Wallwiener, S Rimbach, I Juhasz-Böss
Question: Endoscopy is an integral part of surgical gynaecology and is playing an increasingly important role in ensuring adequate gynaecological training in the context of specialty training in general. At present, little is known about the expectations and notions of young junior doctors with respect to endoscopic training. For this reason, junior doctors throughout Germany were surveyed on this topic and asked to share their opinions. Methods: Using an anonymized standardized survey, the following information was elicited: importance of endoscopic training, willingness to take courses, expectations for instructors and the hospital, ideas about the number of required operations, both as a surgical assistant and as a surgeon, as well as satisfaction with the current status of training...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973949/robot-assisted-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-in-children
#7
Tariq Altokhais, Hala Mandora, Ayed Al-Qahtani, Abdulrahman Al-Bassam
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is rare in children. Surgical options include open, laparoscopic and robotic approaches. However, Heller's myotomy remains the treatment of choice. This report describes our experience with robot-assisted Heller's myotomy in children and presents a review of the literature. METHODS: Included in this study are children who underwent robot-assisted Heller's myotomy for esophageal achalasia via the Da Vinci surgical system between 2004 and 2015 at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
December 2016: Comput Assist Surg (Abingdon)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966065/conversion-of-an-open-salmon-s-technique-to-a-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass
#8
Cristina Rihuete-Caro, Débora Acín-Gandara, Manuel Medina-García, Santiago Alonso-Gómez, Alfonso Antequera-Pérez, Lucía Carrión-Álvarez, Fernando Pereira-Pérez
BACKGROUND: There are a growing number of patients who require revisional bariatric surgery due to the failure of their primary procedures. The aim of this video is to present a laparoscopic revisional procedure for dysphagia and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after an uncommonly performed bariatric surgery, Salmon's technique, consisting of a vertical banded gastroplasty and a horizontal stomach stapling with a Roux-en-Y bypass. METHODS: A 42-year-old obese male, with a history of dyslipidemia and a current body mass index (BMI) of 33, presented with severe dysphagia to solids and frequent spitting 10 years after the primary bariatric surgery (Salmon's procedure) with a BMI of 43...
December 13, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915104/petroclival-meningiomas-remaining-controversies-in-light-of-minimally-invasive-approaches
#9
REVIEW
Sâmia Yasin Wayhs, Guilherme Alves Lepski, Leonardo Frighetto, Gustavo Rassier Isolan
Surgical resection of petroclival meningiomas remains challenging due to their deep location and relationship to vital neurovascular structures. Although the natural history of these tumors involves a slow course, the incidence of cranial nerve deficits and the extent of tumor resection vary widely in the literature. Some reviews on this topic have been conducted, but data remain fragmentary and based on retrospective case series, which hinders attempts at meta-analysis. Within this context, research into the use of minimally invasive approaches, including in neuroendoscopy, continues to emerge...
January 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898356/management-of-a-jejunal-obstruction-caused-by-the-migration-of-a-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-a-case-report
#10
Julien Lemaire, Olivier Dewit, Benoît Navez
INTRODUCTION: We present a rare case of jejunal obstruction due to the migration of a laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) that occurred 10 years after surgery and was successfully treated by laparoscopy. This report is compliant with the SCARE guidelines. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 42-year-old woman who underwent LAGB for morbid obesity 10 years ago was admitted with a small bowel obstruction due to the migration of a LAGB in the proximal small bowel. An attempt to endoscopic removal was unsuccessful and resulted in a laparoscopic extraction of the band...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898350/cronkhite-canada-syndrome-complicated-by-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#11
Neha L Nemade, Urvi B Shukla, Gajanan D Wagholikar
INTRODUCTION: Cronkhite Canada Syndrome (CCS) is a rare syndrome, described in 1955 by Americans, Leonard Wolsey Cronkhite and Wilma Jeanne Canada in the New England Journal of Medicine [1]. About 450 cases have been reported. Complications, like malignant transformation, unprovoked thromboembolism is known. Since there is wide variability in medical presentation, no definitive diagnostic and treatment protocol s have been set. The mortality remains at 55%. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 50 year old male patient presenting with diarrhea, weight loss, abdominal pain, ectodermal features...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896821/clinical-symptom-tool-that-raises-the-index-of-suspicion-for-eosinophilic-oesophagitis-in-adults-and-drives-earlier-biopsy-for-definitive-diagnosis
#12
U von Arnim, F-W Röhl, S Miehlke, D Jechorek, D Reinhold, T Wex, P Malfertheiner
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) present with overlapping symptomatology and it is challenging to distinguish EoE from GERD clinically before endoscopy. AIM: To investigate the prognostic value of a set of clinical symptoms and laboratory values in patients with EoE and GERD. METHODS: In this prospective, single-centre, observational study, we compared clinical and laboratory data from 202 patients with EoE or GERD (10 relevant characteristics)...
February 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895420/clinical-relevance-of-endoscopic-assessment-of-inflammation-in-ulcerative-colitis-can-endoscopic-evaluation-predict-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Noor Mohammed, Venkataraman Subramanian
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel condition characterised by a relapsing and remitting course. Symptom control has been the traditional mainstay of medical treatment. It is well known that histological inflammatory activity persists despite adequate symptom control and absence of endoscopic inflammation. Current evidence suggests that presence of histological inflammation poses a greater risk of disease relapse and subsequent colorectal cancer risk. New endoscopic technologies hold promise for developing endoscopic markers of mucosal inflammation...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891267/marginal-zone-lymphoma-complicated-by-protein-losing-enteropathy
#14
Nadine Stanek, Peter Bauerfeind, Guido Herzog, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Daniela Lenggenhager, Cäcilia Reiner, Markus G Manz, Jeroen S Goede, Benjamin Misselwitz
Protein losing enteropathy (PLE) refers to excessive intestinal protein loss, resulting in hypoalbuminemia. Underlying pathologies include conditions leading to either reduced intestinal barrier or lymphatic congestion. We describe the case of a patient with long-lasting diffuse abdominal problems and PLE. Repetitive endoscopies were normal with only minimal lymphangiectasia in biopsies. Further evaluations revealed an indolent marginal zone lymphoma with minor bone marrow infiltration. Monotherapy with rituximab decreased bone marrow infiltration of the lymphoma but did not relieve PLE...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885894/mr-enterography-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-with-endoscopic-correlation
#15
Pankaj Kaushal, Alexander S Somwaru, Aline Charabaty, Angela D Levy
Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are the two main forms of idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). CD is a transmural chronic inflammatory disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract in a discontinuous distribution. UC is a mucosal and submucosal chronic inflammatory disease that typically originates in the rectum and may extend proximally in a continuous manner. In treating patients with CD and UC, clinicians rely heavily on accurate diagnoses and disease staging. Magnetic resonance (MR) enterography used in conjunction with endoscopy and histopathologic analysis can help accurately diagnose and manage disease in the majority of patients...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862316/cdx2-expression-induced-by-leukocytapheresis-might-be-associated-with-mucosal-healing-in-ulcerative-colitis
#16
Kiichiro Tsuchiya, Ryohei Hayashi, Keita Fukushima, Shuji Hibiya, Nobukatsu Horita, Mariko Negi, Eisaku Itoh, Takumi Akashi, Yoshinobu Eishi, Satoshi Motoya, Yoshiaki Takeuchi, Reiko Kunisaki, Ken Fukunaga, Shiro Nakamura, Naoki Yoshimura, Masakazu Takazoe, Bunei Iizuka, Yasuo Suzuki, Masakazu Nagahori, Mamoru Watanabe
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon with an intractable, recurrent course. Although the goal of UC therapy has recently been to target mucosal healing, the molecular mechanism of mucosal healing remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the molecular dynamics related to the proliferation and differentiation of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) during cytapheresis therapy in a short duration. METHODS: Endoscopy was performed in 26 patients with UC in multicentre hospitals, and biopsy specimens were collected from the rectum before and within two weeks after leukocytapheresis (LCAP)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849320/management-of-perforation-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#17
Cengiz Tavusbay, Emrah Alper, Melek Gökova, Erdinç Kamer, Haldun Kar, Kemal Atahan, Oğuzhan Özşay, Özlem Gür, Necat Cin, Emir Çapkınoğlu, Evren Durak
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related perforation is an infrequent complication. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The present study is an evaluation of experience with management and outcomes of ERCP-related perforations and a review of relevant literature. METHODS: Between January 2008 and January 2015, a total of 9383 ERCPs were performed in endoscopy unit. A total of 29 perforations (0.33%) were identified and retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846065/an-evidence-based-approach-to-training-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-trainers
#18
Catharine M Walsh, John T Anderson, Douglas S Fishman
Endoscopy training has evolved in recent years from the traditional model of "learning by doing" to the current skillful application of evidence-based educational principles. Endoscopy training should ideally be provided by individuals with the requisite skills and behaviors to teach endoscopy effectively and efficiently, including an awareness of principles of adult education, best practices in procedural skills education and appropriate use of beneficial educational strategies such as feedback. The aim of this article is to outline principles that underlie successful endoscopy training and describe the "Preparation - Training - Wrap-up" framework that can be used by pediatric endoscopy trainers to help guide an effective endoscopy training session...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835806/the-management-of-gastric-volvulus-in-elderly-patients
#19
Toru Zuiki, Yoshinori Hosoya, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Toshihide Komatsubara, Yuzo Miyahara, Yukihiro Sanada, Jun Ohki, Chuji Sekiguchi, Naohiro Sata
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is torsion of the stomach and requires immediate treatment. The optimal treatment strategy for patients with gastric volvulus is not established, because of significant variations in the cause and clinical course of this condition. PRESENTATION OF CASES: We describe our experience with six elderly patients with gastric volvulus caused by different conditions using various approaches. This includes two patients managed with endoscopic reduction, followed by endoscopic or laparoscopic gastropexy...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829601/whipple-s-disease-diagnosed-using-electron-microscopy-and-polymerase-chain-reaction
#20
Tomohiro Nagasue, Koichi Kurahara, Hiroki Yaita, Takahide Tanaka, Yumi Oshiro, Nobuaki Kuno, Akira Harada, Masashi Kameda, Kazuhide Iwasaki, Yutaka Tsutsumi
A 50-year-old man presented with bloody diarrhea and 25-kg weight loss over 3 months. Upper and lower endoscopy showed diffuse shaggy white villi in the duodenum and terminal ileum. In addition, capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy revealed shaggy white villi in the entire small intestine. Histological examination of biopsy specimens found the lamina propria of the duodenal and intestinal mucosa to be densely infiltrated by rich foamy macrophages that were periodic acid-Schiff-positive. Electron microscopy showed numerous bacilli in the lamina propria...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
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