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Endoscopy course

Christoph R Werner, Verena Wagner, Bence Sipos, Maike Büttner-Herold, Kerstin Amann, Michael Haap, Nisar P Malek, Michael Bitzer, Ferruh Artunc
History and admission findings: We report on a 76-year-old man presenting with painless jaundice who developed dialysis-dependent acute kidney injury. Investigations: Biliary tract was examined with endoscopy, in addition kidney biopsy was performed. Diagnosis, treatment and course: A stenosing process could be seen in the biliary tract, leading to stent implantation. However, jaundice did not resolve. Kidney biopsy revealed bile casts indicating cholemic nephropathy. After switch of concomitant medication, hyperbilirubinemia resolved and kidney function was completely restored...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Laila Alawdah, Ahmad Nahari, Dayel Alshahrani, Musa Fagih, Shahid Ghazi, Abdulrahman Al-Hussaini
Gastrointestinal sarcoidosis is a rare disease with very limited data in children. Here we report the first pediatric case of successful treatment with infliximab. The first case was an 8-year-old Saudi girl who presented with fever, weight loss, and abdominal pain that was followed in a few months with hematemesis and development of hepatosplenomegaly. The second case was a 9-year-old Sudanese boy who manifested with vomiting, epigastric pain, and weight loss. On upper endoscopy, both cases demonstrated severe erosive nodular gastric mucosa...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Haggai Bar-Yoseph, Yaniv Zohar, Margalit Lorber
Helminthic infection and HIV have been reported to coexist, particularly in sub-Saharan African patients living with HIV. Strongyloidiasis is one of the most common helminths, usually leading to cutaneous and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. In the immunocompromised host, this infection can lead to strongyloidiasis hyperinfection syndrome (SHS), not common in HIV-infected patients. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) can follow the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), with a variety of presentations...
October 12, 2016: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Athidi Guthikonda, Cary C Cotton, Ryan D Madanick, Melissa B Spacek, Susan E Moist, Kathleen Ferrell, Evan S Dellon, Nicholas J Shaheen
OBJECTIVES: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective treatment for Barrett's esophagus (BE). However, recurrence of BE after initially successful RFA is common, and outcomes following recurrence not well described. We report the outcomes associated with recurrence following initially successful RFA. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 306 patients treated with RFA for dysplastic BE. Complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CE-IM) was defined as complete histological and endoscopic remission of IM...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Václav Hejda
Cirrhosis is the end stage of progressive development of different liver diseases and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. Cirrhosis is associated with a number of potential complications, in particular with development of portal hypertension. Portal hypertension with the production of ascites, hepatic and gastric varices bleeding in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, presents the breakpoint in the natural course of cirrhosis, and it is associated with a considerably worse prognosis of patients, with a dramatically increased risk of mortality...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Beata Kusak, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Urszula Jedynak-Wasowicz, Grzegorz Lis
The aim of this study was to: (1) find out whether laryngomalacia (LM) types are related to clinical course; (2) which patients with LM are at higher risk of other airway malacia [tracheomalacia (TM) and/or bronchomalacia (BM)]; and (3) evaluate the prevalence of LM in our region. Patients with established LM diagnosis and complete clinical and endoscopy records were enrolled. They were classified into different LM types according to classification based on the side of supraglottic obstruction. One hundred ten children were included...
October 8, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Everson L A Artifon, Mauro E Ramirez, José C Ardengh, Maria Cristina Sartor, Gabriel M Favaro, Emilio Belmonte, Julio Lobo, Djalma Coelho, Julio Pereira-Lima, Cesar V Lopez, Sergio E Matuguma, Carlos K Furuya, Julio Pisani, Spencer Cheng, Marco A Buch, Tomazo Franzini, Tiago F Vilela, Ricardo Pessoa, Eduardo Bonin, Marcos Lera, Thaisa S Nakadomari, Leandro Y Kashiwagui, Marlus T Gerber, Ramiro Mascarenhas
Teaching models in endoscopy are important tools to minimize risks derived from endoscopic procedures, taking into account that therapeutic endoscopy, also known as surgical endoscopy, has greatly developed during the last decade. This results from the fact that minimally invasive procedures present relevant contributions and promote more comfort to patients. In this context, ex vivo teaching models and virtual simulators are important tools to the safe acquisition of abilities. In this article, the Brazilian Society of Digestive Endoscopy presents and describes its first course of therapeutic ERCP and EUS in models of laboratory teaching...
July 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Mathieu Pioche, Jérôme Rivory, Toshihiro Nishizawa, Toshio Uraoka, Sandrine Touzet, Marc O'Brien, Jean-Christophe Saurin, Thierry Ponchon, Angélique Denis, Naohisa Yahagi
Background and study aim: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is currently the reference method to achieve an en bloc resection for large lesions; however, the technique is difficult and risky, with a long learning curve. In order to reduce the morbidity, training courses that use animal models are recommended. Recently, self-learning software has been developed to assist students in their training. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of this tool on the ESD learning curve. Methods: A prospective, randomized, comparative study enrolled 39 students who were experienced in interventional endoscopy...
October 5, 2016: Endoscopy
Kajetan L von Eckardstein, Dorothee Mielke, Reza Akhavan-Sigari, Veit Rohde
Background and Study Aims In microvascular decompression of the trigeminal nerve for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), the site of conflict is occasionally difficult to identify. Endoscopy has been described to better evaluate the anatomical conflict in such situations. We hypothesized that indocyanine green (ICG) angiography could allow for better visualization of the compressing artery and its anatomical relation to the nerve. Material and Methods ICG angiography was performed in 17 TN patients undergoing microvascular decompression...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
Brian T Hardy, Jessica Gentile-Solomon, Jeffrey A Solomon
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old spayed female Golden Retriever was evaluated for a 2-week history of progressive hyporexia, signs of abdominal pain, and weight loss. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings included mild signs of pain on palpation of the cranial part of the abdomen and a body condition score of 4 (scale, 1 to 9). A CBC revealed mild microcytosis and hypochromasia; results of serum biochemical analysis were within the respective reference ranges, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed no abnormalities...
October 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Marianthi Chatzikonstantinou, Panagiotis Konstantopoulos, Spyros Stergiopoulos, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Christos Verikokos, Despina Perrea, Dimitris Dimitroulis
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic intestinal disorders caused by a number of factors, including external influences, intestinal microbiota and genetics. The two major clinically defined types of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, each of which is characterized by relapses in the clinical course, thus patients must be under constant observation via regular endoscopies. As endoscopy, which has been used for direct evaluation and diagnosis of IBD, requires uncomfortable and expensive bowel preparation, a non-invasive test was required to reduce the number of patients undergoing unnecessary endoscopy...
October 2016: Biomedical Reports
Hamid Tavakkoli, Mehdi Zobeiri, Mansour Salesi, Mohammad Hossein Sanei
Wegener's granulomatosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that manifests as vasculitis, granulomatosis, and necrosis. It usually involves the upper and lower respiratory tracts and kidneys. Although it may essentially involve any organ, gastrointestinal (GI) involvement is notably uncommon. A 20-year-old male patient presented with epigastric pain, vomiting, hematemesis, and melena. On physical examination, he was pale. There was no abdominal tenderness or organomegaly. Upper GI endoscopy revealed dark blue-colored infiltrative lesions in prepyloric area...
July 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
Gautam Ray
There is rising incidence and prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in India topping the Southeast Asian (SEA) countries. The common genes implicated in disease pathogenesis in the West are not causal in Indian patients and the role of "hygiene hypothesis" is unclear. There appears to be a North-South divide with more ulcerative colitis (UC) in north and Crohn's disease (CD) in south India. IBD in second generation Indian migrants to the West takes the early onset and more severe form of the West whereas it retains the nature of its country of origin in migrants to SEA countries...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Alexandre Nuzzo, Magaly Zappa, Dominique Cazals-Hatem, Yoram Bouhnik
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric panniculitis (MP) is mostly an associated sign of an intra-abdominal or systemic inflammatory primary disease. Nevertheless, etiological and differential diagnosis of idiopathic MP can be challenging when an associate primary cause is not in the foreground. METHODS: We report here the case of an isolated small bowel Crohn's disease, long time considered as idiopathic MP. RESULTS: This patient presented to our department with a 10-year history of acute abdominal symptoms evolving with flare-up and remission...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mariangela Giunta, Dario Conte, Mirella Fraquelli
The development of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension (PH), one of its major complications, are structural and functional alterations of the liver, occurring in many patients with chronic liver diseases (CLD). Actually the progressive deposition of hepatic fibrosis has a key role in the prognosis of CLD patients. The subsequent development of PH leads to its major complications, such as ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, variceal bleeding and decompensation. Liver biopsy is still considered the reference standard for the assessment of hepatic fibrosis, whereas the measurement of hepatic vein pressure gradient is the standard to ascertain the presence of PH and upper endoscopy is the method of choice to detect the presence of oesophageal varices...
September 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
R L Prosst, A K Joos
BACKGROUND: One hundred consecutive applications of a new clipping device, the OTSC(®) Proctology (Ovesco Endoscopy AG), were analyzed to assess its efficacy for the treatment of complex anorectal fistulas. METHODS: In patients with anorectal fistulas, minimally invasive surgery with the OTSC(®) Proctology system was performed according to a standardized technique: the fistula tract was debrided using a special fistula brush, and the clip was applied on the internal fistula opening...
September 26, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Yuichi Sagara, Satoshi Shinozaki, Tomonori Yano, Hirotsugu Sakamoto, Yoshikazu Hayashi, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Hironori Yamamoto
The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system is a new technology that enables closure of fistulae which cannot be closed with a conventional clip. A 57-year-old woman had long-term hypoalbuminemia, edema and general malaise. Peroral double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) showed a jejuno-sigmoid fistula and blind loop syndrome of the jejunum and ileum, because ingested food bypassed the ileum through the fistula. She was advised to undergo surgical closure of the fistula, but she refused the procedure. For 7 years following DBE, repeat courses of antibiotics were required to treat bacterial overgrowth due to blind loop syndrome...
September 23, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Baptiste Brac, Lionel Rebibo, Jean-Philippe Lemouel, Jean-Marc Regimbeau
INTRODUCTION: Gastric band slippage with formation of a gastric pouch is a frequent complication after gastric banding. There is no consensus on the treatment of this condition, which differs within and between centers. Here, we describe our treatment of a large gastric pouch after gastric band slippage. Despite removal of the band, the pouch caused oral feeding intolerance. METHODS: The video shows our treatment of large gastric pouch following gastric banding and surgical revision...
September 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Osama S Abdalmageed, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Tommaso Falcone
Nerve injuries during gynecologic endoscopy are an infrequent but distressing complication. In benign gynecologic surgery, most of these injuries are associated with patient positioning, although some are related to port placement. Most are potentially preventable with attention to patient placement on the operating room bed and knowledge of the relative anatomy of the nerves. The highest risk group vulnerable to these injuries includes women who have extreme body mass index and those with longer surgical times in the Trendelenburg position...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Stephan R Vavricka, Teresa Stelzer, Jaqueline Lattmann, Matthias Stotz, Romina Lehmann, Jonas Zeitz, Michael Scharl, Benjamin Misselwitz, Daniel Pohl, Michael Fried, Radu Tutuian, Alessio Fasano, Alain M Schoepfer, Gerhard Rogler, Luc Biedermann, Thomas Greuter
BACKGROUND: Although the diagnostic process in celiac disease (CeD) has been addressed in several international guidelines, little is known about the actual proceeding in current clinical practice. This study investigated the initial presentation, the diagnostic process, follow-up evaluations, and adherence to a gluten-free diet in CeD patients in a real-life setting in Switzerland from a patient's perspective. METHODS: We performed a large patient survey among unselected CeD patients in Switzerland...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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