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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431106/ultrasound-cut-off-values-for-intima-media-thickness-of-temporal-facial-and-axillary-arteries-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#1
Valentin S Schäfer, Aaron Juche, Sofia Ramiro, Andreas Krause, Wolfgang A Schmidt
Objective.: To evaluate the intima-media thickness (IMT) of arteries involved in GCA for determining cut-off values. Methods.: Forty newly diagnosed GCA patients in a fast-track GCA clinic and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were included. IMT measurement was performed at or within 24 h after diagnosis. The common superficial temporal arteries with their frontal and parietal branches and the facial arteries were bilaterally examined with a 10-22 MHz probe and the axillary artery with a 6-18 MHz probe...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425192/soluble-hla-e-a-follow-up-biomarker-in-takayasu-arteritis-independent-of-hla-e-genotype
#2
Ruchika Goel, Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Hindhumathi Mohan, Sumita Danda, Visali Jayaseelan, T Sathish Kumar, John Jude, Paul Bacon, George Joseph, Debashish Danda
AIM: Disease activity assessment in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is challenging. Human leukocyte antigen E (HLA-E) is shed from endothelium into serum as a soluble molecule (sHLA-E) in response to inflammation. We aimed to study: (i) utility of sHLA-E as a biomarker of disease activity; and (ii) association of HLA-E polymorphism rs1264457 with clinical disease in Asian-Indian TA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In phase-1, sHLA-E levels were estimated in sera of 50 consecutive TA patients at baseline visit and 27 healthy controls...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424735/tongue-necrosis-secondary-to-giant-cell-arteritis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Rafael Alex Barbosa de Siqueira Sobrinho, Karolina Cayres Alvino de Lima, Helena Carvalho Moura, Mônica Modesto Araújo, Christyanne Maria Rodrigues Barreto de Assis, Pedro Alves da Cruz Gouveia
Giant cell arteritis is a form of vasculitis involving the medium- and large-sized arteries that chiefly affects older people. Clinical findings are headache, jaw claudication, fever, pain, and thickening of the temporal artery. The most feared complication is visual loss due to impairment of the ophthalmic artery and posterior ciliary arteries. This a case report of an 85-year-old male presenting with headache and jaw pain, who was admitted with tongue necrosis as an initial manifestation of giant cell arteritis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424285/equine-arteritis-virus-has-specific-tropism-for-stromal-cells-and-cd8-t-and-cd21-b-lymphocytes-but-not-glandular-epithelium-at-the-primary-site-of-persistent-infection-in-the-stallion-reproductive-tract
#4
Mariano Carossino, Alan T Loynachan, Igor F Canisso, R Frank Cook, Juliana R Campos, Bora Nam, Yun Young Go, Edward L Squires, Mats H T Troedsson, Thomas Swerczek, Fabio Del Piero, Ernest Bailey, Peter J Timoney, Udeni B R Balasuriya
Equine arteritis virus (EAV) has a global impact on the equine industry being the causative agent of equine viral arteritis (EVA), a respiratory, systemic, and reproductive disease of equids. A distinctive feature of EAV infection is that it establishes long-term persistent infection in 10 to 70% of infected stallions (carriers). In these stallions, EAV is only detectable in the reproductive tract and viral persistence occurs despite the presence of high serum neutralizing antibodies. Carrier stallions constitute the natural reservoir of the virus as they continuously shed EAV in their semen...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424040/challenges-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#5
Sarah Soo-Hoo, Jenny Seong, Brandon R Porten, Nedaa Skeik
Takayasu arteritis is a rare, chronic vasculitis of unknown etiology characterized by inflammation of the aorta and its main branches. Although Takayasu arteritis mostly affects women of childbearing age, there is a paucity in the literature on pregnancy associated with Takayasu arteritis. Pregnant patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular complications, including hypertension and congestive heart failure, which may jeopardize both maternal and fetal outcomes. Furthermore, optimal management has not yet been established for pregnant patients with Takayasu arteritis, posing a clinical challenge...
May 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424013/anterior-spinal-artery-aneurysm-in-aortic-stenosis-of-different-etiology-report-of-three-cases
#6
Vivek Singh, Suprava Naik, Sanjeev K Bhoi, R V Phadke
Isolated aneurysms of spinal arteries are rare. Spinal artery aneurysms are commonly found in association with spinal cord arteriovenous malformation and coarctation of aorta and rarely with aortic arch interruption and Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome. Spinal angiograms are the gold standard for diagnosing these spinal artery aneurysms but with the advances in computed tomography technology these aneurysms can also be very well demonstrated in computed tomography angiograms. We describe three cases of anterior spinal artery aneurysm, those are flow related aneurysms, associated with coarctation of aorta and with Takayasu arteritis...
April 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418359/-a-rare-concurrence-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-aa-amyloidosis
#7
S G Radenska-Lopovok, O N Kotenko, N F Frolova, A I Zagrebneva, E S Stolyarevich, E V Volodina, V I Chervinko, E V Kryukov, M L Zubkin
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease. It predominantly affects the elderly. The disease has a slow onset, pain and stiffness in the muscles of the shoulder and pelvic girdle, fever, weight loss, and a high acute-phase inflammatory response. The disease is concurrent with giant cell arteritis in a quarter of cases, which allows some authors to consider them as two different manifestations of the same pathological process. The kidneys are rarely involved. This disease is rarely complicated by AA amyloidosis...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418283/serum-bilirubin-concentrations-in-patients-with-takayasu-arteritis
#8
You-Fan Peng, Yi-Bin Deng
CONTEXT: - Bilirubin has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidative stress action. Progression of inflammation involving arteries is a crucial activator in pathogenesis of Takayasu arteritis (TA). OBJECTIVE: - To investigate the relationship between serum bilirubin and TA. DESIGN: - Our study involved 115 consecutive TA patients. Patients with active-phase disease were followed and received prednisone therapy. RESULTS: - Lower concentrations of serum bilirubin were detected in TA patients compared with healthy subjects (0...
April 18, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416004/clinical-study-of-children-with-takayasu-arteritis-a-retrospective-study-from-a-single-center-in-china
#9
Ye Feng, Xuemei Tang, Mingyue Liu, Juan Zhou, Xiaodong Zhao, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND: Delayed diagnosis of childhood Takayasu arteritis (TA) is common due to its atypical symptoms. The objective of the present study was to summarize the clinical features of childhood TA to raise awareness and improve management. METHODS: Eleven children diagnosed with TA at our hospital were enrolled. Clinical information, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome were then examined retrospectively. The Pediatric Vasculitis Activity Score (PVAS) and the Indian Takayasu Clinical Activity Score (ITAS2010) were used to assess disease activity...
April 17, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412700/takayasu-arteritis-and-spondyloarthritis-coincidence-or-association-a-study-of-14-cases
#10
Elodie Rivière, Laurent Arnaud, Mikael Ebbo, Yannick Allanore, Pascal Claudepierre, Emmanuelle Dernis, Jean-Marc Ziza, Corinne Miceli-Richard, Peggy Philippe, Christophe Richez, Martin Soubrier, Rakiba Belkhir, Raphaèle Seror, Xavier Mariette, Stephan Pavy
OBJECTIVE: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) and Takayasu arteritis (TA) are 2 chronic inflammatory diseases; their coexistence in a single patient is uncommon. The aims of our study were to describe clinical features of patients having SpA associated with TA and to identify some characteristics of the types of patients with SpA associated with TA. We also analyzed treatments used in this context. METHODS: This French multicenter retrospective survey called for observations on behalf of the Club Rhumatismes et Inflammations, with a standardized questionnaire established by the investigators...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408728/high-signal-intensity-in-arterial-walls-on-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-active-phase-of-takayasu-arteritis
#11
Yasuyoshi Kuroiwa, Hiroshi Tai, Atsushi Yamashita, Eiji Furukoji, Yasushi Kihara, Toshinori Hirai, Yujiro Asada, Takuroh Imamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406764/the-efficacy-of-tocilizumab-for-the-treatment-of-chinese-takayasu-s-arteritis
#12
Jiaxin Zhou, Zhe Chen, Jing Li, Yunjiao Yang, Jiuliang Zhao, Hu Chen, Min Liu, Fei Sun, Mengtao Li, Xinping Tian, Xiaofeng Zeng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in Chinese Takayasu's arteritis (TA) patients. METHODS: This was a single centre prospective study. Sixteen consecutive TA patients were included. Patients were treated with tocilizumab infusions with a dosage of 8mg/kg. Serum inflammation markers, including erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and hypersensitivity C reactive protein (hsCRP), were recorded at baseline and before each TCZ infusion...
April 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405843/quality-of-life-of-patients-treated-for-giant-cell-arteritis-a-case-control-study
#13
Stéphanie Jobard, Julie Magnant, Hélène Blasco, Nicole Ferreira-Maldent, Isabelle Griffoul, Elisabeth Diot, François Maillot
The objective of the study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), following high dose of corticosteroids (CS). Thirty patients with GCA who had stopped CS or who were under long-term low dose of CS were included and matched to 60 controls. QOL was measured by the SF-36 score and a specific questionnaire. GCA patients had no impairment of QOL compared to controls according to SF-36. Most of them (57%) estimated that their general condition was improved following treatment...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405470/is-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-useful-biomarker-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#14
Nicola Goodfellow, Julien Morlet, Surjeet Singh, Afsie Sabokbar, Andrew Hutchings, Vanshika Sharma, Jana Vaskova, Shauna Masters, Allahdad Zarei, Raashid Luqmani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels as a tool for diagnosing giant cell arteritis (GCA) in a cohort of patients referred for assessment of suspected GCA. METHODS: We selected 298 patients recruited to the multicentre study Temporal Artery Biopsy versus Ultrasound in diagnosis of suspected GCA (TABUL). In a random subset of 26 biopsy-proven GCA cases and 26 controls, serum from weeks 0, 2 and 26 was analysed for VEGF concentration using ELISA...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400869/serum-cytokine-profile-in-asian-indian-patients-with-takayasu-arteritis-and-its-association-with-disease-activity
#15
Ruchika Goel, Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Babu Ram, John Antony Jude Prakash, Sudhir Babji, Aswin Nair, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Visalakshi Jeyaseelan, John Mathew, Veeraraghavan Balaji, George Joseph, Debashish Danda
BACKGROUND: Arterial inflammation Takayasu arteritis (TA) is an outcome of balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Comprehensive assessment of these cytokines is important for understanding pathogenesis and assessing disease activity. OBJECTIVE: To study pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines representing different T-helper cell pathway in serum samples of Asian Indian patients with TA and to assess their association with disease activity. METHODS: Consecutive Indian patients with TA were assayed for serum interferon-γ, interleukin-6, interleukin-23, interleukin-17, interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor- β levels at baseline and follow up visit...
2017: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394967/-extensive-arterial-involvement-in-giant-cell-arteritis-report-of-one-case
#16
Daniela Grünholz, María Paz Poblete, Loreto Ovalle, Eduardo Wainstein, Gloria Rubio, María Manríquez, Karin Kalbhenn
Large vessel vasculitis and particularly Temporal Arteritis are systemic diseases that may affect the aorta and its major branches, mainly involving extra cranial branches of the carotid artery. We report a 72-year-old man presenting with weight loss, fever and malaise. Positron emission computed tomography (PET CT) showed an extensive inflammation of the aorta and its major branches. Temporal artery biopsy confirmed the presence of vasculitis with granulomas. Treatment with a high dose of steroids had an excellent clinical response...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389774/takayasu-arteritis-presenting-as-isolated-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#17
Guohong Tian, Qian Chen, Wenji Wang
Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology that affects the aorta and its primary branches or large arteries in the proximal upper or lower extremities. Ocular manifestations of TA include microaneurysm formation, small-vessel dilation, arteriovenous anastomosis, retinal ischemia, and neovascular glaucoma. We herein report a case involving a 23-year-old Asian woman who presented with isolated acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and was initially misdiagnosed with optic neuritis...
April 7, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386143/palpable-mass-of-the-neck-in-the-course-of-takayasu-arteritis
#18
Karolina Andrzejewska, Aleksandra Starba, Maria Misterska-Skóra, Piotr Wiland, Maciej Guziński
Takayasu arteritis is a rare, idiopathic inflammatory disease of the aorta and its major branches, usually affecting young women of Asian descent. In the course of the disease stenosis, occlusions as well as dilatations and aneurysms of vessels occur. Because of many possible localizations of pathological changes, the symptoms have a wide range, but the most common are a weak pulse or its absence on the brachial artery and a difference in systolic pressure above 10 mm Hg between the upper extremities. Here we present a case report of a young woman with Takayasu arteritis, who presented a palpable mass in the back of her neck, significantly diminished after treatment with glucocorticoids...
2017: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382269/hybrid-coronary-artery-revascularization-for-takayasu-arteritis-with-major-visceral-collateral-circulation-from-the-left-internal-thoracic-artery
#19
Hyung Tae Sim, Jeong-Won Kim, Jae Suk Yoo, Kwang Ree Cho
Coronary arterial involvement in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is not uncommon. Herein, we describe a case of TA with celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery occlusion combined with coronary artery disease. Bilateral huge internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) and the inferior mesenteric artery provided the major visceral collateral circulation. After percutaneous intervention to the right coronary artery, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for the left coronary territory was done using a right ITA graft and its large side branch because of its relatively minor contribution to the visceral collateral circulation...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379475/are-the-1990-american-college-of-rheumatology-vasculitis-classification-criteria-still-valid
#20
Benjamin Seeliger, Jan Sznajd, Joanna C Robson, Andrew Judge, Anthea Craven, Peter C Grayson, Ravi S Suppiah, Richard A Watts, Peter A Merkel, Raashid A Luqmani
Objectives.: Advances in diagnostic techniques have led to better distinction between types of vasculitis, potentially affecting the utility of the 1990 ACR classification criteria for vasculitis. This study tested the performance of these criteria in a contemporary vasculitis cohort. Methods.: The Diagnosis and Classification in Vasculitis Study provided detailed clinical, serological, pathological and radiological data from patients with primary systemic vasculitis and clinical context-specific comparator conditions...
March 31, 2017: Rheumatology
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