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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089988/cell-scientist-to-watch-edgar-gomes
#1
(no author information available yet)
Edgar Gomes earned his PhD at the University of Coimbra in Portugal under the supervision of Carlos Duarte. He then travelled to the USA to train as a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Gregg Gundersen at Columbia University in New York. Before moving back to Portugal in 2014, Edgar was a group leader in the Myology Institute at the University of Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris (France) as an INSERM Avenir Fellow. His lab investigates the mechanisms of nuclear positioning in skeletal muscle and in migrating cells...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078074/fes-in-europe-and-beyond-current-translational-research
#2
Christine Azevedo Coste, Winfried Mayr, Manfred Bijak, Antonio Musarò, Ugo Carraro
Capacity of adult neural and muscle tissues to respond to external Electrical Stimulation (ES) is the biological basis for the development and implementation of mobility impairment physiotherapy protocols and of related assistive technologies, e.g, Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES). All body tissues, however, respond to electrical stimulation and, indeed, the most successful application of FES is electrical stimulation of the heart to revert or limit effects of arrhythmias (Pace-makers and Defibrillators)...
September 15, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942892/erratum-to-laryngeal-transplantation-in-minipigs-vascular-myologic-and-functional-outcomes
#3
M A Birchall, P J Kingham, P J Murison, S M Ayling, R Burt, L Mitchard, A Jones, P Lear, C R Stokes, G Terenghi, M Bailey, P Macchiarini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932677/suite-of-clinically-relevant-functional-assays-to-address-therapeutic-efficacy-and-disease-mechanism-in-the-dystrophic-mdx-mouse
#4
Yafeng Song, Shira Tziporah Rosenblum, Leon Morales, Mihail Petrov, Christopher Greer, Samantha Globerman, Hansell H Stedman
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive primary myodegenerative disease caused by a genetic deficiency of the 427 KD cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. Despite its single-gene etiology, DMD's complex pathogenesis remains poorly understood, complicating the extrapolation from results of preclinical studies in genetic homologues to the design of informative clinical trials. Here we describe novel phenotypic assays which when applied to the mdx mouse resemble recently used primary endpoints for DMD clinical trials...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886207/characteristic-tetrapod-musculoskeletal-limb-phenotype-emerged-more-than-400-mya-in-basal-lobe-finned-fishes
#5
Rui Diogo, Peter Johnston, Julia L Molnar, Borja Esteve-Altava
Previous accounts of the origin of tetrapod limbs have postulated a relatively sudden change, after the split between extant lobe-finned fish and tetrapods, from a very simple fin phenotype with only two muscles to the highly complex tetrapod condition. The evolutionary changes that led to the muscular anatomy of tetrapod limbs have therefore remained relatively unexplored. We performed dissections, histological sections, and MRI scans of the closest living relatives of tetrapods: coelacanths and lungfish. Combined with previous comparative, developmental and paleontological information, our findings suggest that the characteristic tetrapod musculoskeletal limb phenotype was already present in the Silurian last common ancestor of extant sarcopterygians, with the exception of the autopod (hand/foot) structures, which have no clear correspondence with fish structures...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869067/-the-french-society-of-myology-shows-some-heart
#6
EDITORIAL
Gisèle Bonne, Guilhem Solé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843283/proceedings-of-the-xvi-congress-of-the-italian-society-of-myology-lecce-italy-june-8-11-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761303/ecomorphological-analysis-of-the-astragalo-calcaneal-complex-in-rodents-and-inferences-of-locomotor-behaviours-in-extinct-rodent-species
#8
Samuel Ginot, Lionel Hautier, Laurent Marivaux, Monique Vianey-Liaud
Studies linking postcranial morphology with locomotion in mammals are common. However, such studies are mostly restricted to caviomorphs in rodents. We present here data from various families, belonging to the three main groups of rodents (Sciuroidea, Myodonta, and Ctenohystrica). The aim of this study is to define morphological indicators for the astragalus and calcaneus, which allow for inferences to be made about the locomotor behaviours in rodents. Several specimens were dissected and described to bridge the myology of the leg with the morphology of the bones of interest...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537671/variability-and-reliability-of-the-vastus-lateralis-muscle-anatomy
#9
Salvatore D'Arpa, Francesca Toia, Erich Brenner, Carlo Melloni, Francesco Moschella, Adriana Cordova
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to investigate the variability of the morphological and neurovascular anatomy of the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle and to describe the relationships among its intramuscular partitions and with the other muscles of the quadriceps femoris. Clinical implications in its reliability as a flap donor are also discussed. METHODS: In 2012, the extra- and intramuscular neurovascular anatomy of the VL was investigated in 10 cadaveric lower limbs...
August 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478562/quantitative-computed-tomography-and-image-analysis-for-advanced-muscle-assessment
#10
Kyle Joseph Edmunds, Magnus K Gíslason, Iris D Arnadottir, Andrea Marcante, Francesco Piccione, Paolo Gargiulo
Medical imaging is of particular interest in the field of translational myology, as extant literature describes the utilization of a wide variety of techniques to non-invasively recapitulate and quantity various internal and external tissue morphologies. In the clinical context, medical imaging remains a vital tool for diagnostics and investigative assessment. This review outlines the results from several investigations on the use of computed tomography (CT) and image analysis techniques to assess muscle conditions and degenerative process due to aging or pathological conditions...
June 13, 2016: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394606/taxonomic-review-of-the-neotropical-genus-gephyrocharax-eigenmann-1912-characiformes-characidae-stevardiinae
#11
James A Vanegas-Ríos
Gephyrocharax currently comprises 13 valid species distributed in the Cis- and Trans-Andean basins of the Neotropical region. The genus has not been reviewed in more than 80 years, and thus, the older species descriptions are poorly detailed, based on small samples of specimens, and supported by uninformative diagnoses. The present review is based on external morphology and morphometric, meristic, osteological, and myological data. Counts and measurements were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate statistical procedures implemented in PAST and SigmaPlot...
April 8, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342702/comparative-myology-and-evolution-of-marsupials-and-other-vertebrates-with-notes-on-complexity-bauplan-and-scala-naturae
#12
Rui Diogo, Gaelle Bello-Hellegouarch, Tiana Kohlsdorf, Borja Esteve-Altava, Julia L Molnar
Opossums are frequent subjects of developmental studies because marsupials share developmental features not seen in placentals and because Didelphimorpha is the sister-group of other extant Marsupialia. But is the adult marsupial muscular system markedly different from that of placentals or is it, like the skeletal system, very similar? We provide, for the first time, a brief description of all head and limb muscles of Didelphis virginiana based on our dissections and using a unifying nomenclature by integrating the data gathered in our long-term project on the development, homologies, and evolution of the muscles of all major vertebrate taxa...
September 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913149/imaging-approaches-in-functional-assessment-of-implantable-myogenic-biomaterials-and-engineered-muscle-tissue
#13
REVIEW
Kyle J Edmunds, Paolo Gargiulo
The fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine utilize implantable biomaterials and engineered tissues to regenerate damaged cells or replace lost tissues. There are distinct challenges in all facets of this research, but functional assessments and monitoring of such complex environments as muscle tissues present the current strategic priority. Many extant methods for addressing these questions result in the destruction or alteration of tissues or cell populations under investigation. Modern advances in non-invasive imaging modalities present opportunities to rethink some of the anachronistic methods, however, their standard employment may not be optimal when considering advancements in myology...
March 11, 2015: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887671/the-hindlimb-myology-of-tyto-alba-tytonidae-strigiformes-aves
#14
M C Mosto
This work is the first myological dissection performed in detail on the hindlimb of Tyto alba. Six specimens were dissected and their muscle masses were obtained. T. alba has the classical myological pattern present in other species of Strigiformes, such as a well-developed m. flexor digitorum longus and the absence of the m. plantaris, flexor cruris lateralis and ambiens. Also, T. alba lacks the m. extensor propius digiti III, m. extensor propius digiti IV and m. lumbricalis, present in the Strigidae...
February 17, 2016: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26626863/hindlimb-musculature-of-the-largest-living-rodent-hydrochoerus-hydrochaeris-caviomorpha-adaptations-to-semiaquatic-and-terrestrial-styles-of-life
#15
César M García-Esponda, Adriana M Candela
The caviomorph species Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Cavioidea), or capybara, is the largest living rodent. This species is widely distributed, from northern South America to Uruguay and eastern Argentina, inhabiting in a wide variety of densely vegetated lowlands habitats in the proximity of water. Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris not only runs with agility, like other members of the Cavioidea, but it can also swim and dive easily. For these reasons, it has been classified as a cursorial as well as semiaquatic species...
March 2016: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546935/-xii-th-annual-meeting-and-8-th-master-price-of-the-french-society-of-myology
#16
Edwige Biard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546931/-myology-and-ethnic-minorities-all-roads-lead-to-the-roma
#17
J Andoni Urtizberea, Hanns Lochmuller, Ivailo Tournev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26440221/soft-tissue-and-dermal-arrangement-in-the-wing-of-an-early-cretaceous-bird-implications-for-the-evolution-of-avian-flight
#18
Guillermo Navalón, Jesús Marugán-Lobón, Luis M Chiappe, José Luis Sanz, Ángela D Buscalioni
Despite a wealth of fossils of Mesozoic birds revealing evidence of plumage and other soft-tissue structures, the epidermal and dermal anatomy of their wing's patagia remain largely unknown. We describe a distal forelimb of an enantiornithine bird from the Lower Cretaceous limestones of Las Hoyas, Spain, which reveals the overall morphology of the integument of the wing and other connective structures associated with the insertion of flight feathers. The integumentary anatomy, and myological and arthrological organization of the new fossil is remarkably similar to that of modern birds, in which a system of small muscles, tendons and ligaments attaches to the follicles of the remigial feathers and maintains the functional integrity of the wing during flight...
2015: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26339549/a-new-species-of-allodaposuchus-eusuchia-crocodylia-from-the-maastrichtian-late-cretaceous-of-spain-phylogenetic-and-paleobiological-implications
#19
Alejandro Blanco, Josep Fortuny, Alba Vicente, Àngel H Luján, Jordi Alexis García-Marçà, Albert G Sellés
Background. The Late Cretaceous is a keystone period to understand the origin and early radiation of Crocodylia, the group containing all extant lineages of crocodilians. Among the taxa described from the latest Cretaceous of Europe, the genus Allodaposuchus is one of the most common but also one of the most controversial. However, because of its fragmentary record, several issues regarding its phylogenetic emplacement and its ecology remain unsolved or unknown. The discovery of a single specimen attributed to Allodaposuchus, represented by both cranial and postcranial remains, from the Casa Fabà site (Tremp Basin, NE Spain) in the lower red unit of the Tremp Fm...
2015: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296336/prevalence-and-correlates-of-apathy-in-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#20
Benjamin Gallais, Michèle Montreuil, Marcela Gargiulo, Bruno Eymard, Cynthia Gagnon, Luc Laberge
BACKGROUND: Apathy in DM1 has long been acknowledged in clinical practice. However, a major drawback is that the concept has been only sparsely explored in previous specific studies. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of apathy in myotonic dystrophy (DM1), to compare it with facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) patients and normal healthy controls, and explore its relationship to psychopathological features and cognitive function. METHODS: Levels of apathy in 38 DM1 patients with adult phenotypes were compared with 19 patients with FSHD and 20 matched controls...
2015: BMC Neurology
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