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Montreal cognitive assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731508/a-re-examination-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-cutoff-scores
#1
Nicole Carson, Larry Leach, Kelly J Murphy
OBJECTIVE: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA; Nasreddine et al., 2005) is a cognitive screening tool that aims to differentiate healthy cognitive aging from Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Several validation studies have been conducted on the MoCA, in a variety of clinical populations. Some studies have indicated that the originally suggested cutoff score of 26/30 leads to an inflated rate of false positives, particularly for those of older age and/or lower education. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the MoCA for differentiating healthy cognitive aging from possible MCI...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731437/computerized-cognitive-screen-cocosc-a-self-administered-computerized-test-for-screening-for-cognitive-impairment-in-community-social-centers
#2
Adrian Wong, Ching-Hang Fong, Vincent Mok, Kam Tat Leung, Raymond Kai-Yu Tong
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive tests may serve as a preliminary, low-cost method to identify individuals with suspected cognitive impairment in the community. OBJECTIVE: To develop a self-administered computerized test, namely the "Computerized Cognitive Screen (CoCoSc), Hong Kong version", for screening of individuals with cognitive impairment (CI) in community settings. METHODS: The CoCoSc is a 15-min computerized cognitive screen covering memory, executive functions, orientation, attention and working memory, and prospective memory administered on a touchscreen computer...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716237/long-term-follow-up-on-quality-of-life-and-its-relationship-to-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-parkinson-s-disease-after-deep-brain-stimulation
#3
Tatsuya Yamamoto, Tomoyuki Uchiyama, Yoshinori Higuchi, Masato Asahina, Shigeki Hirano, Yoshitaka Yamanaka, Liu Weibing, Satoshi Kuwabara
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to examine temporal changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its relationship with motor and cognitive functions in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS). METHODS: In total, 31 patients with PD were enrolled in this study (mean age: 66.7±0.9years; mean disease duration: 11.6±3.7years). Participants completed the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale and the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715595/lifestyle-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functions-the-impact-on-the-scores-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#4
A Innocenti, D M Cammisuli, D Sgromo, F Franzoni, J Fusi, F Galetta, C Pruneti
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening tool, including subtests to assess several cognitive domains, developed to detect MCI from normal ageing cognitive changes. Several validation and normative studies have conducted around the world considering the influences of age and education on the MoCA score, but none takes into account the lifestyle and habits. However, lifestyles, and particularly physical activity (PA) have been positively associated with both physical and mental health in elderly...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713312/neural-temporal-dynamics-of-facial-emotion-processing-age-effects-and-relationship-to-cognitive-function
#5
Xiaoyan Liao, Kui Wang, Kai Lin, Raymond C K Chan, Xiaoyuan Zhang
This study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to investigate the effects of age on neural temporal dynamics of processing task-relevant facial expressions and their relationship to cognitive functions. Negative (sad, afraid, angry, and disgusted), positive (happy), and neutral faces were presented to 30 older and 31 young participants who performed a facial emotion categorization task. Behavioral and ERP indices of facial emotion processing were analyzed. An enhanced N170 for negative faces, in addition to intact right-hemispheric N170 for positive faces, was observed in older adults relative to their younger counterparts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711192/predictors-of-anxiety-in-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-first-two-years-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Sonja Rutten, Peter M van der Ven, Daniel Weintraub, Gregory M Pontone, Albert F G Leentjens, Henk W Berendse, Ysbrand D van der Werf, Odile A van den Heuvel
AIM: Anxiety has a negative impact on daily functioning and quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aims at assessing which sociodemographic and clinical characteristics predict the course of anxiety in early PD. METHODS: The participants of this two-year prospective cohort study were recently diagnosed PD patients not receiving psychiatric medications or dopamine replacement therapy at baseline. Assessments were performed annually after baseline...
July 5, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707959/interactions-of-the-salience-network-and-its-subsystems-with-the-default-mode-and-the-central-executive-networks-in-normal-aging-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#7
Ganesh Chand, Junjie Wu, Ihab Hajjar, Deqiang Qiu
Previous functional MRI (fMRI) investigations suggest that the intrinsically organized large-scale networks and the interaction between them might be crucial for cognitive activities. A triple network model, which consists of the default-mode network, salience network, and central-executive network, has been recently employed to understand the connectivity patterns of the cognitively normal brains versus the brains with disorders. This model suggests that the salience network dynamically controls the default-mode and central-executive networks in healthy young individuals...
July 14, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707303/prediction-of-geriatric-rehabilitation-outcomes-comparison-between-three-cognitive-screening-tools
#8
Noemi Heyman, Tatyana Tsirulnicov, Merav Ben Natan
AIM: Comparison between the predictions of functional rehabilitation outcomes at a department of geriatric rehabilitation using three cognitive screening tools - Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE). METHODS: This study is a prospective study. The study participants were 212 patients aged 65 and older admitted to rehabilitation departments at a geriatric facility in central Israel, from April 2016 to October 2016...
July 14, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697562/the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-normative-data-from-a-large-swedish-population-based-cohort
#9
Emma Borland, Katarina Nägga, Peter M Nilsson, Lennart Minthon, Erik D Nilsson, Sebastian Palmqvist
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has a high sensitivity for detecting cognitive dysfunction. Swedish normative data does not exist and international norms are often derived from populations where cognitive impairment has not been screened for and not been thoroughly assessed to exclude subjects with dementia or mild cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: To establish norms for MoCA and develop a regression-based norm calculator based on a large, well-examined cohort...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694613/cognitive-and-functional-outcomes-following-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#10
Maitreyi Patil, Anupam Gupta, Meeka Khanna, Arun B Taly, Amit Soni, J Keshav Kumar, K Thennarasu
OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation to study the effects of cognitive retraining and inpatient rehabilitation in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a prospective follow-up study in a neurological rehabilitation department of quaternary research hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with ABI, mean age 36.43 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.6, range 18-60), mean duration of illness 77...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691649/screening-tools-for-the-identification-of-dementia-for-adults-with-age-related-acquired-hearing-or-vision-impairment-a-scoping-review
#11
Annie Pye, Anna Pavlina Charalambous, Iracema Leroi, Chrysoulla Thodi, Piers Dawes
BACKGROUND: Cognitive screening tests frequently rely on items being correctly heard or seen. We aimed to identify, describe, and evaluate the adaptation, validity, and availability of cognitive screening and assessment tools for dementia which have been developed or adapted for adults with acquired hearing and/or vision impairment. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched using subject terms "hearing disorders" OR "vision disorders" AND "cognitive assessment," supplemented by exploring reference lists of included papers and via consultation with health professionals to identify additional literature...
July 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690585/saccadic-impairments-in-patients-with-the-norrbottnian-form-of-gaucher-s-disease-type-3
#12
Josefine Blume, Stanislav Beniaminov, Cecilia Kämpe Björkvall, Maciej Machaczka, Per Svenningsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic neuronopathic Gaucher's disease type 3 (GD3) is relatively frequent in northern Sweden. Besides multiple other neurological symptoms, horizontal gaze palsy or oculomotor apraxia is common in GD3. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the saccades in patients with Norrbottnian GD3 with respect to their neurological and cognitive status using a computer-based eye-tracking technique. METHODS: Horizontal and vertical reflexive saccades as well as antisaccades of nine GD3 patients [4M/5F; 41...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680651/gray-matter-density-loss-in-essential-tremor-a-lobule-by-lobule-analysis-of-the-cerebellum
#13
Jonathan P Dyke, Eric Cameron, Nora Hernandez, Ulrike Dydak, Elan D Louis
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiological basis for essential tremor (ET) remains unclear, although evidence increasingly links it to a disordered and perhaps degenerative cerebellum. Prior imaging studies have treated the cerebellum en bloc. Our hypothesis was that regional differences in cerebellar gray matter (GM) density may better distinguish ET cases from controls. Forty-seven ET cases and 36 control subjects were imaged using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The cerebellum was segmented into 34 lobes using a Spatially Unbiased Infra-Tentorial Template (SUIT) atlas within the Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) analysis package...
2017: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679410/moxibustion-for-cancer-related-fatigue-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Mikyung Kim, Jung-Eun Kim, Hye-Yoon Lee, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, O-Jin Kwon, Eun-Jung Kim, Yeon-Cheol Park, Byung-Kwan Seo, Jung Hyo Cho, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most common symptoms experienced by cancer patients, and it diminishes their quality of life. However, there is currently no confirmed standard treatment for cancer-related fatigue, and thus, many patients who suffer cancer-related fatigue seek complementary and alternative medicines such as moxibustion. Moxibustion is one of the most popular therapies in traditional Korean medicine used to manage fatigue. Recent studies have also demonstrated that moxibustion is effective for treating chronic fatigue...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678000/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-knowledge-and-end-of-life-device-deactivation-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Samantha M McEvedy, Jan Cameron, Eugene Lugg, Jennifer Miller, Chris Haedtke, Muna Hammash, Martha J Biddle, Kyoung Suk Lee, Justin A Mariani, Chantal F Ski, David R Thompson, Misook Lee Chung, Debra K Moser
BACKGROUND: End-of-life implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation discussions should commence before device implantation and be ongoing, yet many implantable cardioverter defibrillators remain active in patients' last days. AIM: To examine associations among implantable cardioverter defibrillator knowledge, patient characteristics and attitudes to implantable cardioverter defibrillator deactivation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using the Experiences, Attitudes and Knowledge of End-of-Life Issues in Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Patients Questionnaire...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675607/comparison-of-the-mini-mental-state-examination-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment-executive-subtests-in-detecting-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment
#16
Chen Fu, Xianglan Jin, Baoxin Chen, Feiran Xue, Huanmin Niu, Rongjuan Guo, Zhigang Chen, Hong Zheng, Le Wang, Yunling Zhang
AIM: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has been shown to be more sensitive in detecting executive dysfunction than the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). However, it is still not known whether all the MoCA executive subtests contribute to the superior sensitivity. Thus, the present study aimed to determine how much executive abnormality was detected by the MMSE and MoCA executive subtests in a population-based cohort of Chinese post-stroke patients. METHODS: The MMSE and MoCA were collected from post-stroke patients (within 15 days to 1 month after stroke, including ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke) in 14 hospitals of northern and southern China (including 10 top-graded hospitals and 4 community hospitals) between June 2011 and September 2013...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673760/the-influence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#17
Paulo Bugalho, Marcelo Mendonça, Raquel Barbosa, Manuel Salavisa
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Because both REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can present with similar symptoms, it is important to understand the influence of OSA in the clinical manifestations of RBD and whether RBD modulates OSA severity. Our objectives were to compare: 1. the intensity of non-motor symptoms between RBD patients with (RBD-OSA) and without OSA (RBD-non-OSA), and 2. polysomnographic features between RBD-OSA and OSA without RBD (OSA-non-RBD) patients...
June 1, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664625/a-comparison-between-the-mini-mental-state-examination-and-montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-assessing-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-diabetes-related-dementia
#18
Hiroko Yamakawa, Misa Okita, Raita Fukasawa, Hirokuni Hatanaka, Nayuta Namioka, Haruo Hanyu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660847/attended-with-and-head-turning-sign-can-be-clinical-markers-of-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#19
Pinar Soysal, Cansu Usarel, Gul Ispirli, Ahmet Turan Isik
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive neurocognitive assessment may not be performed in clinical practice, as it takes too much time and requires special training. Development of easily applicable, time-saving, and cost effective screening methods has allowed identifying the individuals that require further evaluation. The aim of present study was to assess the diagnostic value of the Attended With (AW) and Head-Turning Sign (HTS) for screening cognitive impairment (CI). METHODS: Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed in 529 elderly outpatients, and the presence or absence of AW and HTS was investigated in them all...
June 29, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653212/higher-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-is-associated-with-higher-white-matter-hyperintensities-burden
#20
Yue Li, Man Li, Xiaoyu Zhang, Qinglei Shi, Shuna Yang, Huimin Fan, Wei Qin, Lei Yang, Junliang Yuan, Tao Jiang, Wenli Hu
The pathogenesis of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) is incompletely understood but blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction may play a key role. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between BBB permeability and the severity of WMH burden. Consecutive participants without symptomatic stroke history presented for physical examination were recruited in this cross-sectional study and divided into three WMH burden groups according to total Fazekas scores. They received dynamic contrast-enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging to measure BBB permeability, and received Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)...
July 2017: Journal of Neurology
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