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Montreal cognitive assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149717/usefulness-of-the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-to-monitor-cognitive-impairments-in-depressed-patients-receiving-electroconvulsive-therapy
#1
Rémi Moirand, Filipe Galvao, Maxime Lecompte, Emmanuel Poulet, Frédéric Haesebaert, Jerome Brunelin
There is a lack of consensual tools for evaluating the cognitive side-effects in patients with depression who are treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and of the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) to monitor cognitive changes in patients with depression receiving ECT. Cognitive functioning was assessed prospectively in 48 patients with unipolar or bipolar depression before and after an ECT course...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148855/effects-of-virtual-reality-based-training-with-bts-nirvana-on-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-preliminary-considerations
#2
Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Antonino Naro, Provvidenza Tomasello, Simona Leonardi, Floriana Santamaria, Latella Desireè, Alessia Bramanti, Giuseppe Silvestri, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
AIM OF THE STUDY: cognitive impairment occurs frequently in post-stroke patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of a virtual reality training (VRT) with BTs-Nirvana (BTsN) on the recovery of cognitive functions in stroke patients, using the Interactive-Semi-Immersive Program (I-SIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 12 subjects (randomly divided into two groups: experimental group -EG; and control group -CG), who attended the Laboratory of Robotic and Cognitive Rehabilitation of IRCCS Neurolesi of Messina from January to June 2016...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145207/determinants-prevalence-and-trajectory-of-long-term-post-stroke-cognitive-impairment-results-from-a-4-year-follow-up-of-the-auckland-stroke-regional-outcomes-study-iv-study
#3
Susan Mahon, Priya Parmar, Suzanne Barker-Collo, Rita Krishnamurthi, Kelly Jones, Alice Theadom, Valery Feigin
BACKGROUND: The long-term (>12 months) prevalence, predictors, and trajectory of post-stroke cognitive deficits are not well established, especially at a community level. This study investigated the longitudinal course and prevalence of cognitive impairment in an incidence cohort, identifying factors associated with declining cognition. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-seven participants (mean age = 67.93 ± 13.59) of first-ever stroke survivors, completed cognitive assessments within 2 weeks post stroke, and/or 1, 6, 12, and 48-month...
November 16, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138569/post-marketing-observational-program-of-the-effectiveness-of-fluvoxamine-for-the-treatment-of-depression-in-patients-with-neurological-disorders-the-friends-study
#4
Nikolay N Yahno, Anastasia V Fedotova
In a prospective, non-blinded, uncontrolled, multicenter, post-marketing, observational study (FRIENDS; NCT02043197), fluvoxamine (50-300 mg/day for 90 days) was effective for the treatment of depression in 299 adult patients (age ≥18 years) with neurological disorders at baseline. The therapeutic effect of fluvoxamine was measured by means of changes in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression and anxiety scores (HADS-D and HADS-A, respectively), global severity of illness, and clinical condition (measured using the Clinical Global Improvement [CGI] scale)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137902/effects-of-opioid-medications-on-cognitive-skills-among-emergency-department-patients
#5
Catherine A Marco, Dennis Mann, Jordan Rasp, Michael Ballester, Oswald Perkins, Michael B Holbrook, Kyle Rako
INTRODUCTION: Treatment for pain and related conditions has been identified as the most common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits. Concerns exist regarding the effects of opioid pain medications on cognition and patient ability to consent for procedures, hospital admission, or to refuse recommended medical interventions. This study was undertaken to identify cognitive skills before and after opioid pain medication in the ED setting. METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing performance on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and after administration of opioid pain medications...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136089/nutritional-status-during-inpatient-alcohol-detoxification
#6
Marie-Astrid Gautron, Frank Questel, Michel Lejoyeux, Frank Bellivier, Florence Vorspan
Aims: As low rates of thiamine are thought to be implicated in alcohol-related cognitive disorders, we wanted to assess patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD) during detoxification for their nutritional status and test if vitamins blood levels were associated with a surrogate of cognitive impairment. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of medical records of 94 consecutive patients hospitalized for alcohol detoxification in a specialized addiction medicine department...
November 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134612/altered-connectivity-patterns-among-resting-state-networks-in-patients-with-ischemic-white-matter-lesions
#7
Ju-Rong Ding, Xin Ding, Bo Hua, Xingzhong Xiong, Yuqiao Wen, Zhongxiang Ding, Qingsong Wang, Paul Thompson
White matter lesions (WMLs) have been associated with cognitive and motor decline. Resting state networks (RSNs) are spatially coherent patterns in the human brain and their interactions sustain our daily function. Therefore, investigating the altered intra- and inter-network connectivity among the RSNs may help to understand the association of WMLs with impaired cognitive and motor function. Here, we assessed alterations in functional connectivity patterns based on six well-defined RSNs-the default mode network (DMN), dorsal attention network (DAN), frontal-parietal control network (FPCN), auditory network (AN), sensory motor network (SMN) and visual network (VN)-in 15 patients with ischemic WMLs and 15 controls...
November 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132782/midterm-outcomes-after-postoperative-delirium-on-cognition-and-mood-in-patients-after-cardiac-surgery
#8
Quyen Nguyen, Kelsey Uminski, Brett M Hiebert, Navdeep Tangri, Rakesh C Arora
OBJECTIVE: Delirium is a common neurologic complication after cardiac surgery. Our primary objective was to determine the impact of delirium on self-reported problems with midterm cognitive functioning and mood postcardiac surgery. METHODS: A single-center, prospective cohort study was conducted, enrolling 197 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or valve replacement. Baseline cognition and mood were assessed preoperatively in elective patients as a part of routine care using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Patient Health Questionnaire 9, respectively...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131814/effects-of-an-exercise-protocol-for-improving-handgrip-strength-and-walking-speed-on-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#9
Jaeeun Kim, Jongeun Yim
BACKGROUND Handgrip strength and walking speed predict and influence cognitive function. We aimed to investigate an exercise protocol for improving handgrip strength and walking speed, applied to patients with chronic stroke who had cognitive function disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-nine patients with cognitive function disorder participated in this study, and were randomly divided into one of two groups: exercise group (n=14) and control group (n=15). Both groups underwent conventional physical therapy for 60 minutes per day...
November 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131091/apathy-profile-in-parkinson-s-and-huntington-s-disease-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#10
Mário Sousa, Fradique Moreira, Joana Jesus-Ribeiro, Inês Marques, Flávia Cunha, Nádia Canário, António Freire, Cristina Januário
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Apathy is one of the most frequent, disabling and difficult-to-treat symptoms that show up in many neurodegenerative disorders. The aim of this study was to assess and compare apathy profile in Parkinson's and Huntington's patients using the same comprehensive instruments to measure apathy, cognition and depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We consecutively assessed Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD) patients recruited from a Movement Disorders Unit...
November 13, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130437/remote-hearing-aid-support-the-next-frontier
#11
Gina P Angley, Jean Anne Schnittker, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: In an effort to reduce health-care disparities, there has been a recent surge of interest in the remote provision of care. Audiologists have begun to provide screening, diagnostic, and rehabilitative services via telehealth technologies. PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and perceived benefits of providing remote hearing aid follow-up appointments in a controlled clinical environment and in participants' homes. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive quasi-experimental study was completed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127079/effect-of-acupuncture-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-subacute-stroke-outcomes-a-single-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Jianqiao Fang, Crystal Lynn Keeler, Lifang Chen, Ruijie Ma, Chao Wang, Shouyu Xu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether integrative medicine, combining acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine with conventional rehabilitation during subacute stroke, is an effective comprehensive rehabilitation strategy for daily life activities, neurological deficits, motor dysfunction, cognitive impairment and depression. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial: patients were randomly assigned to a conventional rehabilitation (CR) group or an integrative medicine rehabilitation (IMR) group with CR plus acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine...
November 10, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125199/evaluation-of-message-communication-strategy-combined-with-group-reminiscence-therapy-on-elders-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-long-term-care-facilities
#13
Huan-Huan Zhang, Peng-Cheng Liu, Jie Ying, Ying Shi, Shou-Qi Wang, Mei-Ling Zhang, Jiao Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate combined effects of MESSAGE communication strategy and group reminiscence therapy (GRT) on elders with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in long-term care facilities in Changchun, China. METHODS: This study is a nonrandomized controlled trial. Subjects included 60 elders with MCI. Participants were divided into intervention (MESSAGE communication strategy combined with GRT) and control groups (without any intervention). Primary outcomes comprised cognitive function and quality of life of elderly people, as measured by the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and the Chinese (mainland) version of Short-Form 36 Health Survey assessment...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124117/proton-pump-inhibitors-and-the-risk-of-severe-cognitive-impairment-the%C3%A2-role-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Sean A P Clouston, Oren Shapira, Roman Kotov, Lan Lei, Monika Waszczuk, Evelyn J Bromet, Benjamin J Luft
Introduction: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), a common treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), were recently associated with increased risk of dementia. However, severe or chronic stress including, for example, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was not accounted for. This study examined whether PPI use was associated with severe cognitive impairment (SCI) and whether PTSD explained this association in a cohort of World Trade Center (WTC) responders. Method: A prospective cohort study of 3779 WTC responders attending a university-based monitoring and treatment program...
November 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123499/gait-and-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-cognitive-impairment-is-inadequately-reflected-by-gait-performance-during-dual-task
#15
Heiko Gaßner, Franz Marxreiter, Simon Steib, Zacharias Kohl, Johannes C M Schlachetzki, Werner Adler, Bjoern M Eskofier, Klaus Pfeifer, Jürgen Winkler, Jochen Klucken
Introduction: Cognitive and gait deficits are common symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). Motor-cognitive dual tasks (DTs) are used to explore the interplay between gait and cognition. However, it is unclear if DT gait performance is indicative for cognitive impairment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate if cognitive deficits are reflected by DT costs of spatiotemporal gait parameters. Methods: Cognitive function, single task (ST) and DT gait performance were investigated in 67 PD patients...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121151/association-between-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#16
Amy M Williams, Jamie Lindholm, Diana Cook, Farzan Siddiqui, Tamer A Ghanem, Steven S Chang
Importance: There is a dearth of research examining the associations between cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), despite much research examining QoL and some research examining cognitive function in this population. Objective: To identify the associations between cognitive functioning and QoL in patients prior to treatment for HNC within a multidisciplinary care team. Design, Setting, and Participants: Case series with planned data collection of cognitive function, QoL, and psychosocial variables at an urban Midwest academic medical center including 83 patients with a diagnosis of HNC between August 2015 and December 2016 who underwent a pretreatment assessment with a clinical health psychologist and a speech and language pathologist...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119542/how-do-we-get-there-effects-of-cognitive-aging-on-route-memory
#17
Mary O'Malley, Anthea Innes, Jan M Wiener
Research into the effects of cognitive aging on route navigation usually focuses on differences in learning performance. In contrast, we investigated age-related differences in route knowledge after successful route learning. One young and two groups of older adults categorized using different cut-off scores on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), were trained until they could correctly recall short routes. During the test phase, they were asked to recall the sequence in which landmarks were encountered (Landmark Sequence Task), the sequence of turns (Direction Sequence Task), the direction of turn at each landmark (Landmark Direction Task), and to identify the learned routes from a map perspective (Perspective Taking Task)...
November 8, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118784/montreal-cognitive-assessment-in-a-63-to-65-year-old-norwegian-cohort-from-the-general-population-data-from-the-akershus-cardiac-examination-1950-study
#18
Håkon Ihle-Hansen, Thea Vigen, Trygve Berge, Gunnar Einvik, Dag Aarsland, Ole Morten Rønning, Bente Thommessen, Helge Røsjø, Arnljot Tveit, Hege Ihle-Hansen
Aims: To investigate Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test scores in a cohort aged 63-65 years from a general population in relation to the proposed cut-off score of 26 for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and to explore the impact of education. Methods: MoCA scores were assessed in the Akershus Cardiac Examination 1950 Study, a cross-sectional cohort study of all men and women born in 1950 living in Akershus County, Norway. The participants were aged 63-65 at the time of data collection...
September 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112532/speech-in-noise-perception-as-a-marker-of-cognitive-impairment-in-hiv-infection
#19
Yi Zhan, Abigail M Fellows, Tangkai Qi, Odile H Clavier, Sigfrid D Soli, Xiudong Shi, Jiang Gui, Yuxin Shi, Jay C Buckey
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus positive (HIV+) individuals report hearing difficulties, but standard audiological tests show no, or small, changes in peripheral hearing ability. The hearing complaints may reflect central nervous system (CNS) auditory processing deficits, rather than middle or inner ear problems, and may result from CNS damage due to HIV infection or treatment. If central auditory task performance and cognitive deficits in HIV+ individuals are shown to be related, then central auditory tests might serve as a "window" into CNS function in these patients...
November 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108891/is-fear-of-falling-associated-with-decline-in-global-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-findings-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing
#20
Geeske Peeters, Siobhan Leahy, Sean Kennelly, Rose Anne Kenny
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FoF) is present in 20% to 85% of older adults and may be an early marker of decline in global cognitive functioning (GCF). We tested the hypothesis that FoF is associated with lower levels of GCF (cross-sectional) and greater decline in GCF (prospective) in adults aged 50 and older. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, a population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: Data were from 4931 participants (mean age 62...
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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