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Participatory action research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#1
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622408/creation-of-the-quebrada-arriba-community-and-academic-partnership-an-effective-coalition-for-addressing-health-disparities-in-older-puerto-ricans
#2
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Yolanda González-Laboy, Amarelis De Jesús-Rosario
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to develop a community-academic coalition partnership to conduct community-based participatory research (CBPR) to address health disparities in older adults with chronic conditions living in the Quebrada Arriba community. METHODS: We used the 'Developing and Sustaining CPPR Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum', to create the Quebrada Arriba Community-Academic Partnership (QACAP). We assessed the meetings effectiveness and the CBPR experiences of the coalition members in the community-academic partnership...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622406/building-bridges-to-address-health-disparities-in-puerto-rico-the-salud-para-pi%C3%A3-ones-project
#3
Enid J García-Rivera, Princess Pacheco, Marielis Colón, Mary Helen Mays, Maricruz Rivera, Verónica Munet-Díaz, María Del R González, María Rodríguez, Rebecca Rodríguez, Astrid Morales
Over the past several decades, Puerto Ricans have faced increased health threats from chronic diseases, particularly diabetes and hypertension. The patient-provider relationship is the main platform for individual disease management, whereas the community, as an agent of change for the community's health status, has been limited in its support of individual health. Likewise, traditional research approaches within communities have placed academic researchers at the center of the process, considering their knowledge was of greater value than that of the community...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614485/-adolescents-access-to-contraception-perceptions-of-health-workers-in-huechuraba-chile
#4
Giovanna Rojas Ramírez, Pamela Eguiguren Bravo, María Isabel Matamala Vivaldi, Irma Palma Manríquez, Thelma Gálvez Pérez
Objective: Identify difficulties in adolescents' access to contraceptive care and information, based on perceptions and experiences of health workers in Huechuraba, in the Metropolitan Region of Chile. Methods: This qualitative, descriptive study incorporated principles of participatory action research, involving health care teams in the survey and data analysis, and generating proposals for improvement. Seventeen (17) semi-structured individual interviews and one group interview were conducted with professionals and technical personnel involved in adolescent care in the commune's health centers...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614478/-a-participatory-model-for-addressing-violence-against-women-in-la-araucan%C3%A3-a-chile
#5
Lucy Mirtha Ketterer Romero, Cecilia Mayorga Muñoz, Marcelo Carrasco Henríquez, Abel Soto Higueras, Ana Tragolaf Ancalaf, Luis Nitrihual, Carlos Del Valle
Violence against women is considered a public health problem that affects women worldwide. Recently, the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization declared its serious socioeconomic impact in the Region of the Americas and committed to undertaking actions in the health services to address this problem. Within that framework, this paper describes the steps of a participatory action research (PAR) approach that is being implemented in the Wenteche Territory of the La Araucanía region of Chile, which aims to strengthen community bonds, rekindle opportunities for dialogue with and among the people of the territory, foster social participation and democracy in the generation of pertinent, participatory knowledge regarding this problem, and obtain information to support design of an intervention model adapted to local characteristics...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603145/a-retrospective-on-the-vision-for-i-progress-in-community-health-partnerships-i-i-research-education-and-action-i
#6
Milton Mickey Eder, Jessica Holzer, Karen Calhoun, Larkin L Strong
The organizers founded Progress in Community Health Partnerships with a commitment to improving our understanding of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and its use in community-academic/institutional health partnerships. Following Rogers's Diffusion of Innovations, they reasoned that expanded adoption would occur through academic and community partner recognition of CBPR's relative advantage over previous approaches; its compatibility with the values, past experience and needs of potential adopters; its ease of understanding and use; its capacity for experimentation and refinement; and its production of observable results...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579793/future-challenges-for-occupational-health-services-can-be-prevented-by-proactive-collaboration-with-the-companies-using-the-services-a-participatory-and-reflection-project
#7
Marie Lydell, Cathrine Hildingh, Arne Söderbom, Kristina Ziegert
BACKGROUND: There is clearly a need for research in the field of occupational health service (OHS) for applying new perspectives. Proactive collaboration is needed between the OHSs and the companies. The customers of the companies using the services should be able to safeguard themselves from the health problems caused by the work environment through proactive collaboration with the OHSs. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this interdisciplinary study was to explore how the stakeholders reflected to create and agree on core values for future challenges in OHS, as seen from the perspectives of OHS professionals and customer companies...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559453/developing-a-framework-for-community-based-sexual-health-interventions-for-youth-in-the-rural-setting-protocol-for-a-participatory-action-research-study
#8
Carl William Heslop, Sharyn Burns, Roanna Lobo, Ruth McConigley
INTRODUCTION: There is limited research examining community-based or multilevel interventions that address the sexual health of young people in the rural Australian context. This paper describes the Participatory Action Research (PAR) project that will develop and validate a framework that is effective for planning, implementing and evaluating multilevel community-based sexual health interventions for young people aged 16-24 years in the Australian rural setting. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: To develop a framework for sexual health interventions with stakeholders, PAR will be used...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545526/effective-implementation-of-the-uncrpd-by-thailand-state-party-challenges-and-potential-remedies
#9
Donruedee Srisuppaphon, Arnon Sriboonroj, Wachara Riewpaiboon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses and identifies gaps in the Government's implementation of the Convention. METHODS: Using the Deming Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle as an analytical framework for continuous quality improvement, we reviewed five documents which are: the 2012 State Party report; the list of issues by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the 2015 replies to the list of issues by the Thai government; an alternative report produced by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and an alternative report produced by the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand...
May 25, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523966/relationship-centered-dementia-care-insights-from-a-community-based-culture-change-coalition
#10
Lorna de Witt, Darla Fortune
This article reports on the work of a community-based culture change coalition affiliated with the Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance, a research network committed to strengthening dementia care through supporting relationship-centered care approaches. Research to date emphasizes negative aspects of dementia care relationships. Drawing on data the culture change coalition collected as part of their culture change work using participatory action research guided by appreciative inquiry, this article examines what relationship qualities contributed to positive dementia care experiences and how positive relationships were created...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#11
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
May 18, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513876/the-inter-play-between-facilitation-and-context-in-the-promoting-action-on-research-implementation-in-health-services-framework-a-qualitative-exploratory-implementation-study-embedded-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-reduce-restraint-in-nursing-homes
#12
Tone Elin Mekki, Christine Øye, Bodil Margrete Kristensen, Helen Dahl, Astrid Haaland, Kristin Aas Nordin, Marta R Strandos, Toril Marie Terum, Arnt Egil Ydstebø, Brendan Mccormack
AIM: To explore the inter-play between external facilitation and nursing home contexts relative to intervention outcomes. BACKGROUND: The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework is frequently used to theoretically inform implementation and research in nursing and recent reviews indicate high face validity for health services. However, the inter-play and relationship between framework sub- elements of evidence, context and facilitation and the prospective utility in non-English speaking contexts warrant further illumination...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506152/a-participatory-systems-approach-to-design-for-safer-integrated-medicine-management
#13
Gyuchan Thomas Jun, Aneurin Canham, Ander Altuna-Palacios, James R Ward, Ran Bhamra, Stephen Rogers, Amalin Dutt, Priyal Shah
It is recognised that whole systems approaches are required in the design and development of complex health care services. Application of a systems approach benefits from the involvement of key stakeholders. However, participation in the context of community based health care is particularly challenging due to busy and geographically distributed stakeholders. This study used action research to investigate what processes and methods were needed to successfully employ a participatory systems approach. Three participatory workshops planned and facilitated by method experts were held with 30 representative stakeholders...
June 2, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489067/a-study-protocol-for-applying-user-participation-and-co-learning-lessons-learned-from-the-ebalance-project
#14
Anna Cristina Åberg, Kjartan Halvorsen, Ingrid From, Åsa Bergman Bruhn, Lars Oestreicher, Anita Melander-Wikman
The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames-i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play-that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471507/can-we-build-on-social-movement-theories-to-develop-and-improve-community-based-participatory-research-a-framework-synthesis-review
#15
REVIEW
Marie-Claude Tremblay, Debbie H Martin, Ann C Macaulay, Pierre Pluye
A long-standing challenge in community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been to anchor practice and evaluation in a relevant and comprehensive theoretical framework of community change. This study describes the development of a multidimensional conceptual framework that builds on social movement theories to identify key components of CBPR processes. Framework synthesis was used as a general literature search and analysis strategy. An initial conceptual framework was developed from the theoretical literature on social movement...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#16
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453118/-community-center-for-human-development-program-for-african-colombian-families-based-on-the-participatory-action-research-approach
#17
Yenny M Barreto-Zorza, Vilma F Velasquez-Gutierrez
Objective: To describe the process of construction of a program of Primary Health Care (PHC) for African-Colombian families in Guapi, Cauca. Methodology: Participatory action research (PAR). Results: The PHC program is a collective construction between the IAP Group and the Commission for Support and Follow-up (CAS), carried out in four phases: 1. Field preparation; 2. Approximation to the universe of the African-Colombian families of Guapi; 3...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450271/social-health-inequalities-and-ehealth-a-literature-review-with-qualitative-synthesis-of-theoretical-and-empirical-studies
#18
Karine Latulippe, Christine Hamel, Dominique Giroux
BACKGROUND: eHealth is developing rapidly and brings with it a promise to reduce social health inequalities (SHIs). Yet, it appears that it also has the potential to increase them. OBJECTIVES: The general objective of this review was to set out how to ensure that eHealth contributes to reducing SHIs rather than exacerbating them. This review has three objectives: (1) identifying characteristics of people at risk of experiencing social inequality in health; (2) determining the possibilities of developing eHealth tools that avoid increasing SHI; and (3) modeling the process of using an eHealth tool by people vulnerable to SHI...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428165/a-framework-for-the-study-of-complex-mhealth-interventions-in-diverse-cultural-settings
#19
Marion A Maar, Karen Yeates, Nancy Perkins, Lisa Boesch, Diane Hua-Stewart, Peter Liu, Jessica Sleeth, Sheldon W Tobe
BACKGROUND: To facilitate decision-making capacity between options of care under real-life service conditions, clinical trials must be pragmatic to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) interventions under the variable conditions of health care settings with a wide range of participants. The mHealth interventions require changes in the behavior of patients and providers, creating considerable complexity and ambiguity related to causal chains. Process evaluations of the implementation are necessary to shed light on the range of unanticipated effects an intervention may have, what the active ingredients in everyday practice are, how they exert their effect, and how these may vary among recipients or between sites...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423992/secrecy-empowerment-and-protection-positioning-prep-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#20
Eliza Govender, Leila Mansoor, Kate MacQueen, Quarraisha Abdool Karim
The release of World Health Organisation guidelines recommending the prophylactic use of daily Truvada(®) for all populations at high risk of acquiring HIV opens the way for implementation of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The impact of new prevention technologies is, however, dependent on demand creation strategies such as user awareness, acceptability and access, which in turn are influenced by sociocultural and gender norms. This study was conducted in three locations in KwaZulu-Natal, urban, rural and peri-urban, with six participatory workshops...
April 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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