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Participatory action research

Adesola O Olumide, Emmanuel S Adebayo, Oladosu A Ojengbede
Photovoice is a participatory action research method in which people are given cameras and asked to take pictures of specific issues within their community. It is often used among marginalised populations. This method helps people capture specific issues within their community using photographs, critically discuss these issues within a group and present their findings to inform policies within their community. Photovoice has been used in developed countries and among adult participants; however, the extent to which it has been used in developing countries and among adolescent participants is yet to be extensively reported...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Manuel Ángel Oscós-Sánchez, Janna Lesser, L Dolores Oscós-Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Nunzia Linzalone, Alessio Coi, Paolo Lauriola, Daniela Luise, Alessandra Pedone, Roberto Romizi, Domenico Sallese, Fabrizio Bianchi
The lack of participatory tools in Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to support decision-makers is a critical factor that negatively affects the impacts of waste policies. This study describes the participatory HIA used in deciding on the possible doubling of the municipal solid waste incinerating plant located near the city of Arezzo, Italy. Within the framework of the new waste management plan, a methodology for the democratic participation of stakeholders was designed adopting the Local Agenda 21 methodology...
October 8, 2016: Waste Management
Sally Bennett, Mary Whitehead, Sally Eames, Jennifer Fleming, Shanling Low, Elizabeth Caldwell
BACKGROUND: There has been widespread acknowledgement of the need to build capacity in knowledge translation however much of the existing work focuses on building capacity amongst researchers rather than with clinicians directly. This paper's aim is to describe a research project for developing a knowledge translation capacity building program for occupational therapy clinicians. METHODS: Participatory action research methods were used to both develop and evaluate the knowledge translation capacity-building program...
October 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Minna Aittasalo, Katriina Kukkonen-Harjula, Erja Toropainen, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Many adults are insufficiently physically active for health. Counselling is the main method to promote physical activity (PA) in primary care but often implemented inadequately. The aim of this study was to increase health professionals' i) know-how about health-related PA and PA counselling, ii) implementation and quality of PA counselling, iii) familiarity with and use of Physical Activity Prescription (PAP), iv) internal and external collaboration and v) use of electronic patient record system in PA counselling...
October 4, 2016: BMC Family Practice
Nimmi Hutnik, Pam Smith, Tina Koch
AIM: In 2010, we interviewed 16 UK centenarians about their lives and later published a paper on the socio-emotional aspects of positive ageing. We were struck by their ability to 'move on' from difficult situations which we recognized conceptually as 'resilience'. In the effort to understand aspects of resilience as portrayed in their stories, we re-examined their data. METHODOLOGY: In the original study, we used participatory action research (PAR) for its storytelling and group process components...
April 2016: Nurs Open
Maarten de Wit, John R Kirwan, Peter Tugwell, Dorcas Beaton, Maarten Boers, Peter Brooks, Sarah Collins, Philip G Conaghan, Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Cathie Hofstetter, Rod Hughes, Amye Leong, Ann Lyddiatt, Lyn March, James May, Pamela Montie, Pamela Richards, Lee S Simon, Jasvinder A Singh, Vibeke Strand, Marieke Voshaar, Clifton O Bingham, Laure Gossec
There is increasing interest in making patient participation an integral component of medical research. However, practical guidance on optimizing this engagement in healthcare is scarce. Since 2002, patient involvement has been one of the key features of the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) international consensus effort. Based on a review of cumulative data from qualitative studies and internal surveys among OMERACT participants, we explored the potential benefits and challenges of involving patient research partners in conferences and working group activities...
October 5, 2016: Patient
Anne MacFarlane, Rose Galvin, Madeleine O'Sullivan, Chris McInerney, Eoghan Meagher, Daniel Burke, Joseph W LeMaster
BACKGROUND: There are increasing imperatives for patients and members of the public to engage as partners in identifying health research priorities. The use of participatory methods to engage stakeholders in health care in research prioritization is not commonly reported. OBJECTIVE: This article analyses the use of World Cafés as a participatory method for research prioritization with marginalized communities in Ireland and the USA. METHODS: The principles of purposeful and snowball sampling were followed in both settings and a diverse range of community and health care stakeholders participated (n = 63 Ireland and n = 55 USA)...
September 27, 2016: Family Practice
Brittney J Sullivan, Janet Prvu Bettger
BACKGROUND: Honduras is the second poorest country in Central America. The already high burden of disease is disproportionately worse among individuals with less education and limited access to health care. Community engagement is needed to bridge the gap in health care resources with the need for health promotion and education. Culturally relevant health promotion activities can foster transcultural partnerships. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to partner nursing students with village leaders to assess a community's health needs and implement health promotion activities in Honduras...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Dianne Goeman, J Michael, J King, Huy Luu, Claire Emmanuel, S Koch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Vietnamese Dementia talking-book was to address low health literacy in older people of Vietnamese background living with dementia through the provision of an online resource to help individuals, their families and carers better understand and manage this condition and provide information about available dementia services. DESIGN: This qualitative study used codesign and participatory action research to develop and refine the talking-book in consultation with expert stakeholders, a consumer advocacy group and the Vietnamese community to assess its utility and ensure cultural and linguistic appropriateness and relevance...
2016: BMJ Open
C Cvitanovic, J McDonald, A J Hobday
Effective conservation requires knowledge exchange among scientists and decision-makers to enable learning and support evidence-based decision-making. Efforts to improve knowledge exchange have been hindered by a paucity of empirically-grounded guidance to help scientists and practitioners design and implement research programs that actively facilitate knowledge exchange. To address this, we evaluated the Ningaloo Research Program (NRP), which was designed to generate new scientific knowledge to support evidence-based decisions about the management of the Ningaloo Marine Park in north-western Australia...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Valandra, Yvette Murphy-Erby, Brandon M Higgins, Lucy M Brown
Relatively few studies have explored domestic violence from a multiplicity of African American perspectives, experiences, and socio-demographic backgrounds within rural African American communities. Community-based participatory action research methods were used to explore domestic violence perceptions of African Americans with heterogeneous backgrounds and experiences of violence. Ten focus groups were held throughout the community with 52 diverse women (n = 33) and men (n = 19) living in the northwest region of Arkansas...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Charles A Walker, Harriet Cohen, David Jenkins
Despite sensationalized media attention, transgender individuals are the most marginalized and misunderstood group in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. The current article presents a case study of one woman's quest for identity. Narrative inquiry was used to analyze data from interview transcripts and four themes emerged during analysis: (a) naming the ambiguity, (b) revealing-concealing the authentic self, (c) discovering the transgender community, and (d) embracing the "T" identity...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Jeffrey L Crabtree, Jarrod M Wall, David Ohm
There is little information about prison-related occupational deprivation, and about doing research in prison. To document an occupational therapist and two prisoners' critical reflections on an informal occupational therapy education program using participatory action research (PAR), we reflect on our combined experiences of evaluating an occupational therapy program. The reflections include articulation of power differentials and examples of occupational deprivation and injustice at every stage of the program evaluation process...
September 19, 2016: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Andrés Felipe SantoDomingo, Laura Castro-Díaz, Catalina González-Uribe
Eco-bio-social factors may increase or decrease a community's susceptibility to vector-borne disease transmission. Traditional studies have contributed information about the association between eco-bio-social factors and health outcomes, but few have provided this information in an integrative way characterizing annual dynamics among indigenous communities. Transdisciplinary research was conducted with the Bari of Karikachaboquira and the Wayúu of Marbacella and El Horno, using qualitative and participatory methods, including seasonal graphics, semi-structured interviews, geo-referencing routes, and participatory observation...
September 16, 2016: EcoHealth
Ingrid Weiss, Serena Stepanovic, Ulembe Chinyemba, Jessica Bateman, Carolyn Hemminger, Emily Burrows
The U.S. Agency for International Development Feed the Future Mawa Project - led by Catholic Relief Services - aims to improve food and economic security for farming households in Zambia's Eastern Province. Mawa employs social and behavior change (SBC) strategies with households and communities to improve nutrition and reduce stunting among children under two (CU2). To support these strategies, sub-partner University Research Co., LLC employed a participatory process to develop a series of 35 action cards, each illustrating one project-promoted behavior, that are used at household and community group levels...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Siaw-Teng Liaw, Vicki Wade, Phyllis Lau, Iqbal Hasan, John Furler
BACKGROUND: Closing the gap in health and welfare for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples is an ongoing challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this article are to conceptualise and operationalise models of cultural mentorship within a multifaceted practice-based program to facilitate culturally and clinically appropriate care. METHODS: Participatory action research and workshops were conducted with Aboriginal Elders, Aboriginal health workers (AHWs), Indigenous health project officers (IHPOs) and staff from participating Medicare Locals (MLs)...
June 2016: Australian Family Physician
Robert Mash, Angela De Sa, Maria Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: Organisational culture is a key factor in both patient and staff experience of the healthcare services. Patient satisfaction, staff engagement and performance are related to this experience. The department of health in the Western Cape espouses a values-based culture characterised by caring, competence, accountability, integrity, responsiveness and respect. However, transformation of the existing culture is required to achieve this vision. AIM: To explore how to transform the organisational culture in line with the desired values...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Emily K Jenkins, Anita Kothari, Vicky Bungay, Joy L Johnson, John L Oliffe
BACKGROUND: Much of the research and theorising in the knowledge translation (KT) field has focused on clinical settings, providing little guidance to those working in community settings. In this study, we build on previous research in community-based KT by detailing the theory driven and empirically-informed CollaboraKTion framework. METHODS: A case study design and ethnographic methods were utilised to gain an in-depth understanding of the processes for conducting a community-based KT study as a means to distilling the CollaboraKTion framework...
2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
Ana Claudia Figueiro, Sydia Rosana de Araújo Oliveira, Zulmira Hartz, Yves Couturier, Jocelyne Bernier, Maria do Socorro Machado Freire, Isabella Samico, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Ronice Franco de Sa, Louise Potvin
OBJECTIVES: Public health interventions are increasingly represented as complex systems. Research tools for capturing the dynamic of interventions processes, however, are practically non-existent. This paper describes the development and proof of concept process of an analytical tool, the critical event card (CEC), which supports the representation and analysis of complex interventions' evolution, based on critical events. METHODS: Drawing on the actor-network theory (ANT), we developed and field-tested the tool using three innovative health interventions in northeastern Brazil...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
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