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Participatory action research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208786/policy-research-and-residents-perspectives-on-built-environments-implicated-in-heart-disease-a-concept-mapping-approach
#1
Ivana Stankov, Natasha J Howard, Mark Daniel, Margaret Cargo
An underrepresentation of stakeholder perspectives within urban health research arguably limits our understanding of what is a multi-dimensional and complex relationship between the built environment and health. By engaging a wide range of stakeholders using a participatory concept mapping approach, this study aimed to achieve a more holistic and nuanced understanding of the built environments shaping disease risk, specifically cardiometabolic risk (CMR). Moreover, this study aimed to ascertain the importance and changeability of identified environments through government action...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207679/using-community-based-participatory-research-and-human-centered-design-to-address-violence-related-health-disparities-among-latino-a-youth
#2
Maryam Kia-Keating, Diana E Santacrose, Sabrina R Liu, Jessica Adams
High rates of exposure to violence and other adversities among Latino/a youth contribute to health disparities. The current article addresses the ways in which community-based participatory research (CBPR) and human-centered design (HCD) can help engage communities in dialogue and action. We present a project exemplifying how community forums, with researchers, practitioners, and key stakeholders, including youths and parents, integrated HCD strategies with a CBPR approach. Given the potential for power inequities among these groups, CBPR + HCD acted as a catalyst for reciprocal dialogue and generated potential opportunity areas for health promotion and change...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203262/participatory-epidemiology-the-contribution-of-participatory-research-to-epidemiology
#3
REVIEW
Mario Bach, Susanne Jordan, Susanne Hartung, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Michael T Wright
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology has contributed in many ways to identifying various risk factors for disease and to promoting population health. However, there is a continuing debate about the ability of epidemiology not only to describe, but also to provide results which can be better translated into public health practice. It has been proposed that participatory research approaches be applied to epidemiology as a way to bridge this gap between description and action. A systematic account of what constitutes participatory epidemiology practice has, however, been lacking...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185592/unlocking-community-capabilities-for-improving-maternal-and-newborn-health-participatory-action-research-to-improve-birth-preparedness-health-facility-access-and-newborn-care-in-rural-uganda
#4
Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Gertrude Namazzi, Moses Tetui, Aloysius Mutebi, Peter Waiswa, Htet Oo, David H Peters, Asha S George
BACKGROUND: Community capacities and resources must be harnessed to complement supply side initiatives addressing high maternal and neonatal mortality rates in Uganda. This paper reflects on gains, challenges and lessons learnt from working with communities to improve maternal and newborn health in rural Uganda. METHODS: A participatory action research project was supported from 2012 to 2015 in three eastern districts. This project involved working with households, saving groups, sub county and district leaders, transporters and village health teams in diagnosing causes of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity, developing action plans to address these issues, taking action and learning from action in a cyclical manner...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185584/unlocking-community-capability-through-promotion-of-self-help-for-health-experience-from-chakaria-bangladesh
#5
Abbas Bhuiya, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque
BACKGROUND: People's participation in health, enshrined in the 1978 Alma Ata declaration, seeks to tap into community capability for better health and empowerment. One mechanism to promote participation in health is through participatory action research (PAR) methods. Beginning in 1994, the Bangladeshi research organization ICDDR,B implemented a project "self-help for health," to work with existing rural self-help organizations (SHOs). SHOs are organizations formed by villagers for their well-being through their own initiatives without external material help...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152741/quality-improvement-strategies-in-medical-oncology-a-qualitative-analysis-from-a-scoping-review
#6
Laavanya Dharmakulaseelan, Simron Singh, Adam E Haynes, Brian M Wong, Matthew C Cheung
: 203 Background: In 2001, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) outlined imperatives to improve quality of care. Quality improvement (QI) has since become essential to cancer care but barriers still exist to the publication of and participation in QI initiatives, including limited recognition for QI and uncertainty with methodologies. We sought to identify strategies used in QI in scholarly medical oncology literature to provide practical guidance for QI. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review using Arksey and O'Malley's framework...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134756/urban-place-and-health-equity-critical-issues-and-practices
#7
Jason Corburn
Urban places and health equity are two of the most challenging concepts for 21st century environmental health. More people live in cities than at any other time in human history and health inequities are increasing. Health inequities are avoidable differences in the social, environmental and political conditions that shape morbidity and mortality, and disproportionately burden the poor, racial, ethnic and religious minorities and migrants. By linking urban place and health inequities, research and action brings into sharp relief the challenges of achieving urban environmental justice...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116587/preparing-for-disaster-a-cross-sectional-study-of-social-connection-and-gun-violence
#8
Carley Riley, Brita Roy, Nurit Harari, Anita Vashi, Pina Violano, Ann Greene, Georgina Lucas, Jerry Smart, Teresa Hines, Stacy Spell, Sharon Taylor, Barbara Tinney, Maurice Williams, Emily A Wang
Living in communities with persistent gun violence is associated with negative social, behavioral, and health outcomes, analogous to those of a natural disaster. Taking a disaster-preparedness approach may identify targets for community-based action to respond to on-going gun violence. We assessed the relevance of adapting a disaster-preparedness approach to gun violence and, specifically, the relationship between perceived collective efficacy, its subscales of social cohesion and informal social control, and exposure to gun violence...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114987/study-protocol-for-evaluating-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-an-emergency-department-longitudinal-patient-monitoring-system-using-a-mixed-methods-approach
#9
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Abel Wakai, Una Geary, John Browne, Conor Deasy, Michael Schull, Fiona Boland, Fiona McDaid, Eoin Coughlan, Ronan O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Early detection of patient deterioration is a key element of patient safety as it allows timely clinical intervention and potential rescue, thus reducing the risks of serious patient safety incidents. Longitudinal patient monitoring systems have been widely recommended for use to detect clinical deterioration. However, there is conflicting evidence on whether they improve patient outcomes. This may in part be related to variation in the rigour with which they are implemented and evaluated...
January 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114899/participatory-design-in-the-development-of-an-early-therapy-intervention-for-perinatal-stroke
#10
Anna Purna Basu, Janice Elizabeth Pearse, Jessica Baggaley, Rose Mary Watson, Tim Rapley
BACKGROUND: Perinatal stroke is the leading cause of unilateral (hemiparetic) cerebral palsy, with life-long personal, social and financial consequences. Translational research findings indicate that early therapy intervention has the potential for significant improvements in long-term outcome in terms of motor function. By involving families and health professionals in the development and design stage, we aimed to produce a therapy intervention which they would engage with. METHODS: Nine parents of children with hemiparesis and fourteen health professionals involved in the care of infants with perinatal stroke took part in peer review and focus groups to discuss evolving therapy materials, with revisions made iteratively...
January 23, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095347/using-experience-based-co-design-with-older-patients-their-families-and-staff-to-improve-palliative-care-experiences-in-the-emergency-department-a-reflective-critique-on-the-process-and-outcomes
#11
Rebecca Wright Née Blackwell, Karen Lowton, Glenn Robert, Corita Grudzen, Patricia Grocott
BACKGROUND: Increasing use of emergency departments among older patients with palliative needs has led to the development of several service-level interventions intended to improve care quality. There is little evidence of patient and family involvement in developmental processes, and little is known about the experiences of - and preferences for - palliative care delivery in this setting. Participatory action research seeking to enable collaborative working between patients and staff should enhance the impact of local quality improvement work but has not been widely implemented in such a complex setting...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094587/applying-theories-to-better-understand-socio-political-challenges-in-implementing-evidence-based-work-disability-prevention-strategies
#12
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092814/a-participatory-action-research-study-exploring-women-s-understandings-of-the-concept-of-informed-choice-during-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-ireland
#13
Denise O'Brien, Michelle M Butler, Mary Casey
OBJECTIVE: to explore women's understandings and definitions of the concept of informed choice during pregnancy and childbirth. METHODS: a three-phase action research approach. In the first phase of the study (reported in this paper), fifteen women were interviewed to establish their understandings and experiences of informed choice. SETTING: Dublin, Ireland in a large maternity hospital. PARTICIPANTS: fifteen postnatal women who gave birth to a live healthy infant, women attended obstetric or midwifery-led care...
January 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068507/reducing-recurrence-of-bacterial-skin-infections-in-aboriginal-children-in-rural-communities-new-ways-of-thinking-new-ways-of-working
#14
Susan Thomas, Kristy Crooks, Kylie Taylor, Peter D Massey, Ruth Williams, Glenn Pearce
Reports from health workers, school staff and community members in rural NSW suggested that bacterial skin infections are a significant health issue for Aboriginal children and their families, affecting quality of life and contributing to poor school attendance. Current NSW treatment guidelines do not incorporate important sociocultural factors or ways of living in Aboriginal communities. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain a deeper understanding of the experience of parents and carers of Aboriginal children affected by skin infections and of other community members, health workers and school staff, and what actions have been considered successful or unsuccessful in reducing the recurrence of infection...
January 10, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065884/how-far-are-we-from-full-implementation-of-health-promoting-workplace-concepts-a-review-of-implementation-tools-and-frameworks-in-workplace-interventions
#15
Masoud Motalebi G, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Karl Kuhn, Ali Ramezankhani, Mansour R Azari
INTRODUCTION: Health promoting workplace frameworks provide a holistic view on determinants of workplace health and the link between individuals, work and environment, however, the operationalization of these frameworks has not been very clear. This study provides a typology of the different understandings, frameworks/tools used in the workplace health promotion practice or research worldwide. It discusses the degree of their conformity with Ottawa Charter's spirit and the key actions expected to be implemented in health promoting settings such as workplaces...
January 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011657/citizen-science-for-public-health
#16
Lea Den Broeder, Jeroen Devilee, Hans Van Oers, A Jantine Schuit, Annemarie Wagemakers
Community engagement in public health policy is easier said than done. One reason is that public health policy is produced in a complex process resulting in policies that may appear not to link up to citizen perspectives. We therefore address the central question as to whether citizen engagement in knowledge production could enable inclusive health policy making. Building on non-health work fields, we describe different types of citizen engagement in scientific research, or 'Citizen Science'. We describe the challenges that Citizen Science poses for public health, and how these could be addressed...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006739/participatory-action-inquiry-using-baccalaureate-nursing-students-the-inclusion-of-integrative-health-care-modalities-in-nursing-core-curriculum
#17
Roxane Raffin Chan, Michelle Schaffrath
Nurses, nursing educators and students support the inclusion of integrative health care (IHC) into nursing core curriculum as a way to create nurses who deliver nursing care to the full extent of their scope of practice and advance evidenced based IHC. Because of the holistic nature of IHC modalities, research to investigate appropriate teaching strategies and potential efficacy of learning IHC in the baccalaureate core curriculum requires a holistic approach. Therefore a phenomenological exploration using participatory action inquiry was conducted at a large Midwestern university...
December 9, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001911/sustained-professional-development-on-cooperative-learning-impact-on-six-teachers-practices-and-students-learning
#18
Victoria A Goodyear
PURPOSE: It has been argued, extensively and internationally, that sustained school-based continuous professional development (CPD) has the potential to overcome some of the shortcomings of traditional one-off CPD programs. Yet, the evidence base on more effective or less effective forms of CPD is contradictory. The mechanisms by which sustained support should be offered are unclear, and the impacts on teachers' and students' learning are complex and difficult to track. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a sustained school-based, tailored, and supported CPD program on teachers' practices and students' learning...
December 21, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997259/a-new-comprehensive-model-for-continuous-professional-development
#19
Niels Kristian Kjaer, Marianne Vedsted, James Høpner
BACKGROUND: It is generally agreed that continuing professional development (CPD) for GPs is important for quality of care. Internationally, however, different approaches to identify the learning objectives and the CPD content have been chosen. OBJECTIVES: To improve GPs' CPD in Denmark we explore how general practitioners' (GPs) self-experienced learning needs can be combined with learning needs experienced from a societal perspective and still make sense for GPs...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940391/online-professional-development-for-digitally-differentiated-nurses-an-action-research-perspective
#20
J K Green, A D Huntington
Professional development opportunities for nurses are increasingly being offered in the online environment and therefore it is imperative that learning designers, nurse educators and healthcare organisations consider how best to support staff to enable Registered Nurses to capitalise on the resources available. Research participants explored educational strategies to support digitally differentiated nurses' engagement with professional development activities in an online environment through a participatory action research project that collected data over a 16 month period through six focus groups before being analysed thematically...
December 2, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
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