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Participatory action research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545526/effective-implementation-of-the-uncrpd-by-thailand-state-party-challenges-and-potential-remedies
#1
Donruedee Srisuppaphon, Arnon Sriboonroj, Wachara Riewpaiboon, Viroj Tangcharoensathien
BACKGROUND: The Thai government ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2008, and the first progress report by the State Party was issued in 2012. This study assesses and identifies gaps in the Government's implementation of the Convention. METHODS: Using the Deming Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle as an analytical framework for continuous quality improvement, we reviewed five documents which are: the 2012 State Party report; the list of issues by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; the 2015 replies to the list of issues by the Thai government; an alternative report produced by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs); and an alternative report produced by the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand...
May 25, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523966/relationship-centered-dementia-care-insights-from-a-community-based-culture-change-coalition
#2
Lorna de Witt, Darla Fortune
This article reports on the work of a community-based culture change coalition affiliated with the Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance, a research network committed to strengthening dementia care through supporting relationship-centered care approaches. Research to date emphasizes negative aspects of dementia care relationships. Drawing on data the culture change coalition collected as part of their culture change work using participatory action research guided by appreciative inquiry, this article examines what relationship qualities contributed to positive dementia care experiences and how positive relationships were created...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523437/using-participatory-action-research-to-develop-a-working-model-that-enhances-psychiatric-nurses-professionalism-the-architecture-of-stability
#3
Martin Salzmann-Erikson
Ward rules in psychiatric care aim to promote safety for both patients and staff. Simultaneously, ward rules are associated with increased patient violence, leading to neither a safe work environment nor a safe caring environment. Although ward rules are routinely used, few studies have explicitly accounted for their impact. To describe the process of a team development project considering ward rule issues, and to develop a working model to empower staff in their daily in-patient psychiatric nursing practices...
May 18, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513876/the-inter-play-between-facilitation-and-context-in-the-promoting-action-on-research-implementation-in-health-services-framework-a-qualitative-exploratory-implementation-study-embedded-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-reduce-restraint-in-nursing-homes
#4
Tone Elin Mekki, Christine Øye, Bodil Margrete Kristensen, Helen Dahl, Astrid Haaland, Kristin Aas Nordin, Marta R Strandos, Toril Marie Terum, Arnt Egil Ydstebø, Brendan Mccormack
AIM: To explore the inter-play between external facilitation and nursing home contexts relative to intervention outcomes. BACKGROUND: The Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework is frequently used to theoretically inform implementation and research in nursing and recent reviews indicate high face validity for health services. However, the inter-play and relationship between framework sub- elements of evidence, context and facilitation and the prospective utility in non-English speaking contexts warrant further illumination...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506152/a-participatory-systems-approach-to-design-for-safer-integrated-medicine-management
#5
Gyuchan Thomas Jun, Aneurin Canham, Ander Altuna-Palacios, James Ward, Ran Bhamra, Stephen Rogers, Amalin Dutt, Priyal Shah
It is recognised that whole systems approaches are required in the design and development of complex healthcare services. Application of a systems approach benefits from the involvement of key stakeholders. However, participation in the context of community based healthcare is particularly challenging due to busy and geographically distributed stakeholders. This study used action research to investigate what processes and methods were needed to successfully employ a participatory systems approach. Three participatory workshops planned and facilitated by method experts were held with 30 representative stakeholders...
May 16, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489067/a-study-protocol-for-applying-user-participation-and-co-learning-lessons-learned-from-the-ebalance-project
#6
Anna Cristina Åberg, Kjartan Halvorsen, Ingrid From, Åsa Bergman Bruhn, Lars Oestreicher, Anita Melander-Wikman
The eBalance project is based on the idea that serious exergames-i.e., computer gaming systems with an interface that requires physical exertion to play-that are well adapted to users, can become a substantial part of a solution to recognized problems of insufficient engagement in fall-prevention exercise and the high levels of fall-related injuries among older people. This project is carried out as a collaboration between eight older people who have an interest in balance training and met the inclusion criteria of independence in personal activities of daily living, access to and basic knowledge of a computer, four staff working with the rehabilitation of older adults, and an interdisciplinary group of six research coordinators covering the areas of geriatric care and rehabilitation, as well as information technology and computer science...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471507/can-we-build-on-social-movement-theories-to-develop-and-improve-community-based-participatory-research-a-framework-synthesis-review
#7
REVIEW
Marie-Claude Tremblay, Debbie H Martin, Ann C Macaulay, Pierre Pluye
A long-standing challenge in community-based participatory research (CBPR) has been to anchor practice and evaluation in a relevant and comprehensive theoretical framework of community change. This study describes the development of a multidimensional conceptual framework that builds on social movement theories to identify key components of CBPR processes. Framework synthesis was used as a general literature search and analysis strategy. An initial conceptual framework was developed from the theoretical literature on social movement...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#8
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453118/-community-center-for-human-development-program-for-african-colombian-families-based-on-the-participatory-action-research-approach
#9
Yenny M Barreto-Zorza, Vilma F Velasquez-Gutierrez
Objective: To describe the process of construction of a program of Primary Health Care (PHC) for African-Colombian families in Guapi, Cauca. Methodology: Participatory action research (PAR). Results: The PHC program is a collective construction between the IAP Group and the Commission for Support and Follow-up (CAS), carried out in four phases: 1. Field preparation; 2. Approximation to the universe of the African-Colombian families of Guapi; 3...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450271/social-health-inequalities-and-ehealth-a-literature-review-with-qualitative-synthesis-of-theoretical-and-empirical-studies
#10
Karine Latulippe, Christine Hamel, Dominique Giroux
BACKGROUND: eHealth is developing rapidly and brings with it a promise to reduce social health inequalities (SHIs). Yet, it appears that it also has the potential to increase them. OBJECTIVES: The general objective of this review was to set out how to ensure that eHealth contributes to reducing SHIs rather than exacerbating them. This review has three objectives: (1) identifying characteristics of people at risk of experiencing social inequality in health; (2) determining the possibilities of developing eHealth tools that avoid increasing SHI; and (3) modeling the process of using an eHealth tool by people vulnerable to SHI...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428165/a-framework-for-the-study-of-complex-mhealth-interventions-in-diverse-cultural-settings
#11
Marion A Maar, Karen Yeates, Nancy Perkins, Lisa Boesch, Diane Hua-Stewart, Peter Liu, Jessica Sleeth, Sheldon W Tobe
BACKGROUND: To facilitate decision-making capacity between options of care under real-life service conditions, clinical trials must be pragmatic to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) interventions under the variable conditions of health care settings with a wide range of participants. The mHealth interventions require changes in the behavior of patients and providers, creating considerable complexity and ambiguity related to causal chains. Process evaluations of the implementation are necessary to shed light on the range of unanticipated effects an intervention may have, what the active ingredients in everyday practice are, how they exert their effect, and how these may vary among recipients or between sites...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423992/secrecy-empowerment-and-protection-positioning-prep-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#12
Eliza Govender, Leila Mansoor, Kate MacQueen, Quarraisha Abdool Karim
The release of World Health Organisation guidelines recommending the prophylactic use of daily Truvada(®) for all populations at high risk of acquiring HIV opens the way for implementation of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The impact of new prevention technologies is, however, dependent on demand creation strategies such as user awareness, acceptability and access, which in turn are influenced by sociocultural and gender norms. This study was conducted in three locations in KwaZulu-Natal, urban, rural and peri-urban, with six participatory workshops...
April 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423816/a-method-for-co-designing-theory-based-behaviour-change-systems-for-health-promotion
#13
Rebecka Janols, Helena Lindgren
A methodology was defined and developed for designing theory-based behaviour change systems for health promotion that can be tailored to the individual. Theories from two research fields were combined with a participatory action research methodology. Two case studies applying the methodology were conducted. During and between group sessions the participants created material and designs following the behaviour change strategy themes, which were discussed, analysed and transformed into a design of a behaviour change system...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411876/stakeholders-perceptions-of-care-coordination-a-participatory-process
#14
Annmarie A Lyles, Penny Morgan Overgaard, Grace L Caputo, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Children with special health care needs or chronic conditions are more likely to have unmet health needs than other children. The purpose of this study was to use a community engagement research strategy to assess the essential elements of care coordination that can serve as the foundation for a system-wide care coordination model for children with special health care needs. STUDY DESIGN: As part of a summit designed to review the status of pediatric care coordination within the state of Arizona and a call to action, a qualitative descriptive study was conducted to solicit anonymous feedback from 104 stakeholders (family, health care provider, or community entity) on the strengths and areas of improvement in the current system that provides care to Arizona children with special health care needs...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405897/culturally-relevant-online-cancer-education-modules-empower-alaska-s-community-health-aides-practitioners-to-disseminate-cancer-information-and-reduce-cancer-risk
#15
Katie Cueva, Laura Revels, Melany Cueva, Anne P Lanier, Mark Dignan, K Viswanath, Teresa T Fung, Alan C Geller
To address a desire for timely, medically accurate cancer education in rural Alaska, ten culturally relevant online learning modules were developed with, and for, Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps). The project was guided by the framework of Community-Based Participatory Action Research, honored Indigenous Ways of Knowing, and was informed by Empowerment Theory. A total of 428 end-of-module evaluation surveys were completed by 89 unique Alaska CHA/Ps between January and December 2016. CHA/Ps shared that as a result of completing the modules, they were empowered to share cancer information with their patients, families, friends, and communities, as well as engage in cancer risk reduction behaviors such as eating healthier, getting cancer screenings, exercising more, and quitting tobacco...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389127/participatory-quantitative-health-impact-assessment-of-urban-and-transport-planning-in-cities-a-review-and-research-needs
#16
REVIEW
Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis, Ersilia Verlinghieri, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Urban and transport planning have large impacts on public health, but these are generally not explicitly considered and/or quantified, partly because there are no comprehensive models, methods and tools readily available. Air pollution, noise, temperature, green space, motor vehicle crashes and physical activity are important pathways linking urban and transport planning and public health. For policy decision-making, it is important to understand and be able to quantify the full-chain from source through pathways to health effects and impacts to substantiate and effectively target actions...
June 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388937/advancing-engagement-methods-for-trials-the-core-study-relational-model-of-engagement-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-experience-based-co-design-for-people-living-with-severe-mental-illnesses
#17
Lauralie Richard, Donella Piper, Wayne Weavell, Rosemary Callander, Rick Iedema, John Furler, David Pierce, Kali Godbee, Jane Gunn, Victoria J Palmer
BACKGROUND: Engagement is essential in trials research but is rarely embedded across all stages of the research continuum. The development, use, effectiveness and value of engagement in trials research is poorly researched and understood, and models of engagement are rarely informed by theory. This article describes an innovative methodological approach for the development and application of a relational model of engagement in a stepped wedge designed cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT), the CORE study...
April 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387794/engaging-african-american-women-in-research-an-approach-to-eliminate-health-disparities-in-the-african-american-community
#18
Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Alexandra C H Nowakowski, Jessica De Leon, M Miaisha Mitchell, Ivana Simpson
Objective: To explore the success of community-based participatory research [CBPR] in engaging African American women to achieve health equity by elucidating community, trust, communication and impact. Recommendations helpful for researchers interested in engaging communities to achieve health equity in the USA are included. Inroduction: African American women experience health disparities of multifactorial etiology and are underrepresented in research. CBPR is a collaborative approach that incorporates perspectives, which address the intricate determinants of health and has been reported as an effective means to address health disparities...
June 1, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353402/everyday-ethics-of-participation-a-case-study-of-a-cbpr-in-nunavik
#19
Sarah Fraser, Georgia Vrakas, Arlene Laliberté, Raymond Mickpegak
INTRODUCTION: Multiple reports highlight the need for community-based family-oriented prevention services for Aboriginal peoples in order to address important health and social inequalities. Participatory, empowerment-based approaches are generally favoured for these means. Faced with important social issues, in a context of colonisation and complex power dynamics, we question how community members experience participation, as well as the everyday dynamics that take place when attempting to create community-level change...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342424/end-of-life-care-in-a-community-garden-findings-from-a-participatory-action-research-project-in-regional-australia
#20
Pauline Marsh, Gabrielle Gartrell, Gwen Egg, Andrew Nolan, Merylin Cross
This article presents findings from research that explored how a community garden might function as a place of end-of-life and bereavement support. Adopting Participatory Action Research (PAR) methods, and informed by Third Place theory and notions of therapeutic landscape, creative consultations were held in the Garden and people's homes. The findings provide insights into the nature of informal care as it is played out in the liminal garden space, between home and institution. The results illuminate the therapeutic landscape of community gardens, and contribute new understandings to the fields of PAR, health geography and end-of-life care...
May 2017: Health & Place
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