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Mixed method research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#1
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227866/partnerships-for-active-children-in-elementary-schools-paces-first-year-process-evaluation
#2
Cate A Egan, Collin Webster, R Glenn Weaver, Ali Brian, David Stodden, Laura Russ, Danielle Nesbitt, Spyridoula Vazou
Movement integration (MI) is a strategy within comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAP). School-university partnerships are recommended to leverage teachers' capacity to use MI. A mixed method process evaluation was conducted of the first year of implementing Partnerships for Active Children in Elementary Schools (PACES). Classroom teachers (N=12) from four schools participated. Data were collected in Fall 2014 (baseline) and Spring 2015 (∼ four months of intervention) using the System for Observing Student Movement in Academic Routines and Transitions and semi-structured interviews...
December 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225931/community-preferences-for-a-social-health-insurance-benefit-package-an-exploratory-study-among-the-uninsured-in-vietnam
#3
Hoa Thi Nguyen, Tinh Viet Luu, Gerald Leppert, Manuela De Allegri
Understanding public preferences in terms of health benefit packages (HBPs) remains limited, yet gathering community insights is an important endeavour when developing people-centred health systems and moving towards universal health coverage. Our study aimed to address this gap in knowledge by eliciting community preferences for the social health insurance benefit package among the uninsured in Vietnam. We adopted a mixed methods approach that included a ranking exercise followed by focus group discussions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225351/metabolome-wide-association-studies-for-agronomic-traits-of-rice
#4
Julong Wei, Aiguo Wang, Ruidong Li, Han Qu, Zhenyu Jia
Identification of trait-associated metabolites will advance the knowledge and understanding of the biosynthetic and catabolic pathways that are relevant to the complex traits of interest. In the past, the association between metabolites (treated as quantitative traits) and genetic variants (e.g., SNPs) has been extensively studied using metabolomic quantitative trait locus (mQTL) mapping. Nevertheless, the research on the association between metabolites with agronomic traits has been inadequate. In practice, the regular approaches for QTL mapping analysis may be adopted for metabolites-phenotypes association analysis due to the similarity in data structure of these two types of researches...
December 11, 2017: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224729/different-cognitive-complaint-profiles-in-memory-clinic-and-depressive-patients
#5
Lisa Miebach, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Ingo Frommann, Rachel Buckley, Michael Wagner
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive complaints are considered early indicators of incipient Alzheimer's disease (AD) but are very common in geriatric patients, especially in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The clinical assessment of cognitive complaints is still poorly operationalized. Recent qualitative research suggests that certain phenomenologic complaint themes may have some specificity for prodromal AD. The aim of the study was to replicate and explore their occurrence in a clinical setting...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223128/child-protective-services-utilization-of-child-abuse-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Rebecca Girardet, Kelly Bolton, Syed Hashmi, Emily Sedlock, Rachna Khatri, Nina Lahoti, James Lukefahr
Several children's hospitals and medical schools across Texas have child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) who work closely with child protection workers to help ensure accurate assessments of the likelihood of maltreatment in cases of suspected abuse and neglect. Since the state does not mandate which cases should be referred to a CAP center, we were interested in studying factors that may influence workers' decisions to consult a CAP. We used a mixed methods study design consisting of a focus group followed by a survey...
December 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222462/a-translational-model-to-determine-rodent-s-age-from-human-foetal-age
#7
Yoshiyuki Ohmura, Yasuo Kuniyoshi
To understand the prenatal origin of developmental and psychiatric disorders, studies in laboratory animals are imperative. However, the developmental pace differs between humans and animals; hence, corresponding human ages must be estimated to infer the most vulnerable developmental timings in humans. Because rats and mice are extensively used as models in developmental research, a correspondence between human foetal ages and rodents' ages must be precisely determined; thus, developing a translational model is of utmost importance...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220514/the-influence-of-social-norms-on-flu-vaccination-among-african-american-and-white-adults
#8
Sandra Crouse Quinn, Karen M Hilyard, Amelia M Jamison, Ji An, Gregory R Hancock, Donald Musa, Vicki S Freimuth
Adult influenza vaccination rates remain suboptimal, particularly among African Americans. Social norms may influence vaccination behavior, but little research has focused on influenza vaccine and almost no research has focused on racially-specific norms. This mixed methods investigation utilizes qualitative interviews and focus groups (n = 118) and national survey results (n = 1643) to assess both descriptive and subjective norms surrounding influenza vaccination. Qualitative results suggest a perceived descriptive norm that 'about half' of the population gets vaccinated...
December 6, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220386/does-cognitive-impairment-impact-adherence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-cognitive-impairment-and-medication-non-adherence-in-stroke
#9
Daniela Rohde, Niamh A Merriman, Frank Doyle, Kathleen Bennett, David Williams, Anne Hickey
BACKGROUND: While medication adherence is essential for the secondary prevention of stroke, it is often sub-optimal, and can be compromised by cognitive impairment. This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyse the association between cognitive impairment and medication non-adherence in stroke. METHODS: A systematic literature search of longitudinal and cross-sectional studies of adults with any stroke type, which reported on the association between any measure of non-adherence and cognitive impairment, was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219839/efficient-exfoliation-of-layered-materials-by-waste-liquor
#10
Jiheng Ding, Hongran Zhao, Yan Zheng, Qiaolei Wang, Hao Chen, Huimin Dou, Haibin Yu
Based on the unique material properties, two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials such as graphene, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), and boron nitride (BN) have been attracting increasing research interest. The potential of 2D materials in the form of nanoplatelets used as new materials will be important to both nanomaterials and advanced materials. Usually water is considered as the ideal dispersed medium, while the essential hydrophobicity of 2D nanoplatelets and limitation of mass production became the quite serious obstacles for the usage in various fields...
December 8, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219635/hashtag-tbi-a-content-and-network-data-analysis-of-tweets-about-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Melissa Brunner, Bronwyn Hemsley, Stephen Dann, Leanne Togher, Stuart Palmer
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to: (a) determine how Twitter is used by people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and TBI organisations, (b) analyse the Twitter networks and content of tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags, and (c) identify any challenges people with TBI encounter in using Twitter. RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. METHODS: Mixed methods in a Twitter hashtag study. Tweets tagged with TBI-related hashtags were harvested from the Twitter website over a one-month period in 2016 and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively...
2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218701/a-longitudinal-cohort-study-on-the-impact-of-the-clobazam-shortage-on-patients-with-epilepsy
#12
Sara Lukmanji, Khara M Sauro, Colin B Josephson, K Chelsea Altura, Samuel Wiebe, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVE: Drug shortages are occurring at an increasing rate. From May to October 2016, there was a shortage of a level I critical antiepileptic drug, clobazam. We aimed to study the impact of this shortage on patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Adult patients from Calgary's Comprehensive Epilepsy Program who were taking clobazam were approached to participate in the study. Baseline data from the clinic prospective registry included clinical variables and presurvey patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as the Global Assessment of Severity of Epilepsy, the Global Assessment of Disability Associated with Seizures, and the Quality of Life in Epilepsy questionnaire...
December 7, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218306/adolescents-responses-to-a-school-based-prevention-program-promoting-healthy-eating-at-school
#13
Roel C J Hermans, Hanneke de Bruin, Junilla K Larsen, Fréderike Mensink, Annet C Hoek
Background: To improve the effectiveness of school-based programs that aim to promote adolescents' healthy food choices, it is essential to understand the views and behaviors of the target group. This study aimed to get a better understanding of adolescents' food and health perceptions and their willingness to be involved in a specific school-based prevention program, i.e., the Dutch "Healthy School Canteen Program." Methods: This study used a mixed-methods research design...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216896/what-will-it-take-pathways-time-and-funding-australian-medical-students-perspective-on-clinician-scientist-training
#14
Diann S Eley, Charmaine Jensen, Ranjeny Thomas, Helen Benham
BACKGROUND: Clinician-scientists are in decline worldwide. They represent a unique niche in medicine by bridging the gap between scientific discovery and patient care. A national, integrated approach to training clinician-scientists, typically programs that comprise a comprehensive MD-PhD pathway, are customary. Such a pathway is lacking in Australia. The objective was to gather perceptions from Australian medical students on factors they perceive would influence their decision to pursue clinician-scientist training...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215508/opioid-knowledge-and-prescribing-practices-among-obstetrician-gynecologists
#15
Annetta M Madsen, Lauren M Stark, Phinnara Has, Jenna B Emerson, Jay Schulkin, Kristen A Matteson
OBJECTIVE: To describe obstetrician-gynecologists' (ob-gyns) knowledge and prescribing practices regarding opioid analgesics. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a national sample of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Fellows and Junior Fellows who are part of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network. We used a sequential mixed-method approach. We collected data on opioid knowledge and typical prescribing practices, including number, type, and indication for prescriptions...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214922/the-design-and-rationale-of-an-interdisciplinary-non-prescriptive-and-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-based-clinical-trial-the-health-and-wellness-in-obesity-study
#16
Mariana D Ulian, Bruno Gualano, Fabiana B Benatti, Patricia Lopes de Campos-Ferraz, Desire Coelho, Odilon J Roble, Fernanda Sabatini, Isabel Perez, Luiz Aburad, Ana Jéssica Pinto, André Vessoni, Jhessica Campos Victor, Victoria Kupper Lima, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Priscila de Morais Sato, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Tatiana Natasha Toporcov, Fernanda B Scagliusi
BACKGROUND: This manuscript describes the design and rationale of a clinical trial that aims to investigate the multiple physiological, attitudinal, nutritional, and behavioral effects of a new interdisciplinary intervention based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) approach in obese women. METHODS: This will be a prospective, 7-month, randomized (2:1), mixed-method clinical trial. Obese women will be recruited and randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (I-HAES®; proposed n = 40) will undertake a novel HAES®-based intervention...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213302/a-comprehensive-review-of-hiv-sti-prevention-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-among-sex-workers-in-conflict-affected-settings-call-for-an-evidence-and-rights-based-approach-in-the-humanitarian-response
#17
REVIEW
Alyssa Ferguson, Kate Shannon, Jennifer Butler, Shira M Goldenberg
Background: While the conditions in emergency humanitarian and conflict-affected settings often result in significant sex work economies, there is limited information on the social and structural conditions of sex work in these settings, and the impacts on HIV/STI prevention and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services for sex workers. Our objective was to comprehensively review existing evidence on HIV/STI prevention and access to SRH services for sex workers in conflict-affected settings globally...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213278/translating-measures-of-biological-aging-to-test-effectiveness-of-geroprotective-interventions-what-can-we-learn-from-research-on-telomeres
#18
Waylon J Hastings, Idan Shalev, Daniel W Belsky
Intervention studies in animals suggest molecular changes underlying age-related disease and disability can be slowed or reversed. To speed translation of these so-called "geroprotective" therapies to prevent age-related disease and disability in humans, biomarkers are needed that can track changes in the rate of human aging over the course of intervention trials. Algorithm methods that measure biological processes of aging from combinations of DNA methylation marks or clinical biomarkers show promise. To identify next steps for establishing utility of these algorithm-based measures of biological aging for geroprotector trials, we considered the history a candidate biomarker of aging that has received substantial research attention, telomere length...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212691/longitudinal-recovery-following-distal-radial-fractures-managed-with-volar-plate-fixation
#19
S B Stinton, P L Graham, N A Moloney, L R Maclachlan, D W Edgar, E Pappas
AIMS: To synthesise the literature and perform a meta-analysis detailing the longitudinal recovery in the first two years following a distal radius fracture (DRF) managed with volar plate fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three databases were searched to identify relevant articles. Following eligibility screening and quality assessment, data were extracted and outcomes were assimilated at the post-operative time points of interest. A state-of-the-art longitudinal mixed-effects meta-analysis model was employed to analyse the data...
December 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212493/development-of-a-video-simulation-instrument-for-assessing-cognition-in-older-adults
#20
Edward H Ip, Ryan Barnard, Sarah A Marshall, Lingyi Lu, Kaycee Sink, Valerie Wilson, Dana Chamberlain, Stephen R Rapp
BACKGROUND: Commonly used methods to assess cognition, such as direct observation, self-report, or neuropsychological testing, have significant limitations. Therefore, a novel tablet computer-based video simulation was created with the goal of being valid, reliable, and easy to administer. The design and implementation of the SIMBAC (Simulation-Based Assessment of Cognition) instrument is described in detail, as well as informatics "lessons learned" during development. RESULTS: The software emulates 5 common instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and scores participants' performance...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
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