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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648029/-effects-of-overexpression-of-human-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinase-1-on-the-inflammatory-response-in-rats-with-myocardial-infarction-and-related-mechanisms
#1
L L Zhao, Y Q Song, Y Zhang, Y Shi, M Ren, S Liu, Y M Mao
Objective: To observe the effects of recombinant adenovirus with human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1(Ad-hTIMP-1) on the inflammatory response in rats with myocardial infarction (MI) and explore the related mechanisms. Methods: The male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, saline group, Ad-Track group and Ad-hTIMP-1 group according to the random number table (n=8 each group). MI was induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery and MI rats were injected with saline, Ad-Track and Ad-hTIMP-1, respectively...
June 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648013/-retrospective-analysis-of-anesthetic-and-perioperative-management-in-patients-of-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy
#2
Y Y Qu, H Zeng, X Y Guo, M Li
Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP), and to discuss perioperative and anesthetic management. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on the records of pregnant patients with a diagnosis of acute fatty liver of pregnancy in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2007 to December 2015. 12 cases were identified. The clinical features, preoperative laboratory findings, types of delivery, anesthetic techniques for cesarean section, and the outcomes of parturients and fetus were collected and analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648009/-diagnostic-performance-of-t-spot-tb-on-peripheral-blood-in-combination-with-adenosine-deaminase-on-pleural-fluid-for-the-diagnosis-of-tuberculous-pleurisy-within-different-age-group
#3
H Y Xu, D Q Zhang, J R Ye, S S Su, Y P Xie, C S Chen, Y P Li
Objective: To evaluate the performance of T cell enzyme-linked immuno-spot assay (T-SPOT) on peripheral blood in combination with adenosine deaminase (ADA) on pleural fluid for diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleurisy within different age groups. Methods: The data of patients with pleural effusion from the Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from April 2012 to November 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, and the diagnoses of these patients were histopathologically confirmed through medical thoracoscopy...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647957/-long-term-effectiveness-of-transvaginal-high-uterosacral-ligament-suspension
#4
L Duan, Y X Lu, W J Shen, X Liu, J X Liu, Y H Zhang, J Ge, Y Zhao, K Niu, W Y Wang
Objective: To assess the long-term effectiveness of the transvaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension (HUS) in women suffering from advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods: A retrospective review of records identified 118 women who underwent transvaginal HUS with or without additional concomitant anterior and (or) posterior repairs from June 2003 to August 2009 in the First Affiliated Hospital, General Hospital of People's Liberation Army. Of 118 women, 104 women completed the follow-up during study period; these 104 women were analysed...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647925/psychobehavioral-effects-of-meditation
#5
Mieczyslaw Pokorski, Anna Suchorzynska
Meditation is an increasingly popular psychobehavioral therapy. Various meditation techniques in use make it hard to objectively scrutinize the psychological benefits. Therefore, in this study we set out to examine the effects of two fundamentally different meditative techniques, Zazen, 'seated meditation', in which the body and mind are calmed, and Tai Chi, 'meditation in motion', based on energetic martial art performance. The aim was to compare the effects of both techniques on personality structure, emotional intelligence, mood, and coping with stress...
June 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647905/time-dependent-leaf-proteome-alterations-of-brachypodium-distachyon-in-response-to-drought-stress
#6
Ozge Tatli, Bahar Sogutmaz Ozdemir, Gizem Dinler Doganay
For the first time, a comprehensive proteome analysis was conducted on Brachypodium leaves under drought stress. Gradual changes in response to drought stress were monitored. Drought is one of the major stress factors that dramatically affect the agricultural productivity worldwide. Improving the yield under drought is an urgent challenge in agriculture. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for monocot plants such as wheat, barley and several potential biofuel grasses. In the current study, a comprehensive proteome analysis was conducted on Brachypodium leaves under different levels of drought application...
June 24, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647890/comparison-of-lercanidipine-plus-hydrochlorothiazide-vs-lercanidipine-plus-enalapril-on-micro-and-macrocirculation-in-patients-with-mild-essential-hypertension
#7
Carolina De Ciuceis, Massimo Salvetti, Anna Paini, Claudia Rossini, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Sarah Duse, Stefano Caletti, Maria Antonietta Coschignano, Francesco Semeraro, Valentina Trapletti, Fabio Bertacchini, Valeria Brami, Alina Petelca, Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Damiano Rizzoni, Claudia Agabiti Rosei
Dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers may possess antioxidant properties, and might improve micro and macrovascular structure and function. Combination treatment with an ACE inhibitor may have additional advantages, compared with a thiazide diuretic. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of a short-term treatment with lercanidipine, and to compare two combination treatments: lercanidipine + enalapril vs. lercanidipine + hydrochlorothiazide on structural alterations in retinal arterioles, on skin capillary density and on large artery distensibility...
June 24, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647854/the-influence-of-head-of-bed-elevation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#8
Fábio José Fabrício de Barros Souza, Pedro Rodrigues Genta, Albino José de Souza Filho, Andrew Wellman, Geraldo Lorenzi-Filho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the effects of a mild degree of head-of-bed elevation (HOBE) (7.5°) on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity and sleep quality. METHODS: OSA patients were recruited from a single sleep clinic (Criciúma, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Following a baseline polysomnography (PSG), all patients underwent a PSG with HOBE (within 2 weeks). In addition, a subset of patients performed a third PSG without HOBE. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients were included in the study (age 53...
June 24, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647766/impact-of-patient-questionnaires-on-completeness-of-clinical-information-and-identification-of-causes-of-pain-during-outpatient-abdominopelvic-ct-interpretation
#9
Ankur M Doshi, Chenchan Huang, Luke Ginocchio, Krishna Shanbhogue, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of questionnaires completed by patients at the time of abdominopelvic CT performed for abdominal pain on the completeness of clinical information and the identification of potential causes of pain, compared with order requisitions alone. METHODS: 100 outpatient CT examinations performed for the evaluation of abdominal pain were retrospectively reviewed. The specificity of the location of pain was compared between the order requisition and patient questionnaire...
June 24, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647763/decompression-plus-fusion-versus-decompression-alone-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Hai-Feng Liang, Shu-Hao Liu, Zi-Xian Chen, Qin-Ming Fei
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effectiveness of decompression plus fusion and decompression alone for patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available evidence was performed. METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library. Relevant studies comparing decompression plus fusion and decompression alone were selected according to eligibility criteria...
June 24, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647757/arbuscular-mycorrhiza-effects-on-plant-performance-under-osmotic-stress
#11
REVIEW
Christian Santander, Ricardo Aroca, Juan Manuel Ruiz-Lozano, Jorge Olave, Paula Cartes, Fernando Borie, Pablo Cornejo
At present, drought and soil salinity are among the most severe environmental stresses that affect the growth of plants through marked reduction of water uptake which lowers water potential, leading to osmotic stress. In general, osmotic stress causes a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical, and molecular changes that affect plant performance. Several studies have found that diverse types of soil microorganisms improve plant growth, especially when plants are under stressful conditions. Most important are the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) which form arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) with approximately 80% of plant species and are present in almost all terrestrial ecosystems...
June 25, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647729/analgesic-effects-of-diluted-bee-venom-acupuncture-mediated-by-%C3%AE-opioid-and-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptors-in-osteoarthritic-rats
#12
Jeong-Eun Huh, Byung-Kwan Seo, Jung-Woo Lee, Yeon-Cheol Park, Yong-Hyeon Baek
Context • Pain from osteoarthritis is associated with peripheral nociception and central pain processing. Given the unmet need for innovative, effective, and well-tolerated therapies, many patients, after looking for more satisfactory alternatives, decide to use complementary and alternative modalities. The analgesic mechanism of subcutaneous injections of diluted bee venom into an acupoint is thought to be part of an anti-inflammatory effect and the central modulation of pain processing. Objectives • Using the rat model of collagenase-induced osteoarthritis (CIOA), the study intended to investigate the analgesic effects of bee venom acupuncture (BVA) as they are related to the acupuncture points and dosage used and to determine whether the analgesic mechanisms of BVA for pain were mediated by opioid or adrenergic receptors...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647677/buprenorphine-augmentation-improved-symptoms-of-ocd-compared-to-placebo-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Amin Reihani, Ali Ghaleiha, Alireza Soltanian, Mohammad Haghighi, Leila Jahangard, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
BACKGROUND: In the search for new psychopharmacologic options in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD), some findings suggested that augmentation with buprenorphine, a partial-opioid agonist used to treat opioid addiction, moderate acute pain and moderate chronic pain, is worthy of consideration. Accordingly, to explore this possibility further, a double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed. METHOD: A total of 43 patients (mean age: 34...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647597/hypoxic-postconditioning-improves-behavioural-deficits-at-6-weeks-following-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-in-neonatal-rats
#14
Jonathan D Teo, Margaret J Morris, Nicole M Jones
Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury in newborns is associated with high morbidity and mortality, with many babies suffering neurological deficits. Recently, we showed that hypoxic postconditioning (PostC) immediately post injury can protect against HI up to one week in neonatal rats. Here, we aimed to examine whether long term functional deficits were also improved by PostC. Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to control (C) or HI group on postnatal day 7 (P7). The HI group underwent unilateral carotid artery occlusion followed by hypoxia (7% oxygen, 3h)...
June 21, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647512/effect-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-circulating-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-concentrations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Stephen L Atkin, Niki Katsiki, Maciej Banach, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Matteo Pirro, Amirhossein Sahebkar
OBJECTIVE: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. There are also reports of an effect of these drugs in reducing inflammation through inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) that is an important mediator for several inflammatory processes. The present systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the effect of DPP-4 inhibitors on circulating TNF-α levels in T2DM patients. METHODS: A systematic review and a meta-analysis were undertaken on all controlled trials of DPP-4 inhibitors that included measurement of TNF-α...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647475/advanced-cell-classifier-user-friendly-machine-learning-based-software-for-discovering-phenotypes-in-high-content-imaging-data
#16
Filippo Piccinini, Tamas Balassa, Abel Szkalisity, Csaba Molnar, Lassi Paavolainen, Kaisa Kujala, Krisztina Buzas, Marie Sarazova, Vilja Pietiainen, Ulrike Kutay, Kevin Smith, Peter Horvath
High-content, imaging-based screens now routinely generate data on a scale that precludes manual verification and interrogation. Software applying machine learning has become an essential tool to automate analysis, but these methods require annotated examples to learn from. Efficiently exploring large datasets to find relevant examples remains a challenging bottleneck. Here, we present Advanced Cell Classifier (ACC), a graphical software package for phenotypic analysis that addresses these difficulties. ACC applies machine-learning and image-analysis methods to high-content data generated by large-scale, cell-based experiments...
June 16, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647442/the-impact-of-the-transition-from-volume-to-value-on-heart-failure-care-implications-of-novel-payment-models-and-quality-improvement-initiatives
#17
REVIEW
Dushyanth Srinivasan, Nihar R Desai
In response to wide variation in quality and outcomes as well as escalating health care costs, the U.S. health care system is transitioning away from a volume based payment system to a quality- and value-based system. Medicare, the largest insurer and payer of healthcare, has accelerated the movement towards value-based care with the development and implementation of myriad alternative payment models and pay for performance programs as part of the Affordable Care Act. Given that heart failure affects a significant number of Medicare patients and these patients account for a disproportionate amount of healthcare utilization and spending, heart failure has become a focal point for these initiatives...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647400/intraoperative-registered-ultrasound-and-fluoroscopy-iruf-for-dose-calculation-during-prostate-brachytherapy-improved-accuracy-compared-to-standard-ultrasound-based-dosimetry
#18
Junghoon Lee, Omar Y Mian, Yi Le, Hee Joon Bae, E Clif Burdette, Theodore L DeWeese, Jerry L Prince, Daniel Y Song
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intraoperative transrectal ultrasound dosimetry during low-dose-rate prostate brachytherapy is imprecise due to sonographic distortion caused by seed echoes and needle tracks that obscure seed positions or create false signals as well as traumatic edema. Here we report the results of a pilot study comparing a combined ultrasound and fluoroscopy-based seed localization method (iRUF) to standard ultrasound-based dosimetry (USD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty patients undergoing permanent Pd-103 seed implantation for prostate cancer were prospectively enrolled...
June 21, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647399/quantitative-imaging-outperforms-molecular-markers-when-predicting-response-to-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer
#19
Ines Joye, Annelies Debucquoy, Christophe M Deroose, Vincent Vandecaveye, Eric Van Cutsem, Albert Wolthuis, André D'Hoore, Xavier Sagaert, Mu Zhou, Olivier Gevaert, Karin Haustermans
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To explore the integration of imaging and molecular data for response prediction to chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for rectal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-five rectal cancer patients underwent preoperative CRT. (18)F-FDG PET/CT and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) were acquired before (TP1) and during CRT (TP2) and prior to surgery (TP3). Inflammatory cytokines and gene expression were analysed. Tumour response was defined as ypT0-1N0. Multivariate models were built combining the obtained parameters...
June 21, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647389/improving-abnormality-detection-on-chest-radiography-using-game-like-reinforcement-mechanics
#20
Po-Hao Chen, Howard Roth, Maya Galperin-Aizenberg, Alexander T Ruutiainen, Warren Gefter, Tessa S Cook
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Despite their increasing prevalence, online textbooks, question banks, and digital references focus primarily on explicit knowledge. Implicit skills such as abnormality detection require repeated practice on clinical service and have few digital substitutes. Using mechanics traditionally deployed in video games such as clearly defined goals, rapid-fire levels, and narrow time constraints may be an effective way to teach implicit skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We created a freely available, online module to evaluate the ability of individuals to differentiate between normal and abnormal chest radiographs by implementing mechanics, including instantaneous feedback, rapid-fire cases, and 15-second timers...
June 21, 2017: Academic Radiology
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