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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822350/baclofen-for-alcohol-withdrawal
#1
REVIEW
Jia Liu, Lu-Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Baclofen shows potential for rapidly reducing symptoms of severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) in people with alcoholism. Treatment with baclofen is easy to manage and rarely produces euphoria or other pleasant effects, or craving for the drug. This is an updated version of the original Cochrane Review published in 2015, Issue 4. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of baclofen for people with AWS. SEARCH METHODS: We updated our searches of the following databases to March 2017: the Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822347/screening-and-confirmation-of-steroids-and-nitroimidazoles-in-urine-blood-and-food-matrices-sample-preparation-methods-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometric-separations
#2
Ádám Tölgyesi, Enikő Barta, Andrea Simon, Thomas J McDonald, Virender K Sharma
Veterinary drugs containing synthetic anabolic steroid and nitroimidazole active agents are not allowed for their applications in livestock of the European Union (EU). This paper presents analyses of twelve selected steroids and six nitroimidazole antibiotics at low levels (1.56μg/L-4.95μg/L and 0.17μg/kg-2.14μg/kg, respectively) in body fluids and egg incurred samples. Analyses involved clean-up procedures, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation, and tandem mass spectrometric screening and confirmatory methods...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822311/lingular-segment-torsion-following-a-left-upper-division-segmentectomy
#3
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Sayako Takahara, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
INTRODUCTION: Numerous publications regarding lung torsion have reported lobar torsion after lobectomy. On the other hand, torsion of the remaining segment after segmentectomy is extremely rare. We herein report a rare case of lingular segment torsion following a left upper division segmentectomy. CASE: A 68-year old female underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy of the left upper division. She underwent chest radiography immediately after the initial surgery, which revealed complete expansion on the operated side...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822305/an-optimal-control-approach-to-design-entire-relaxation-dispersion-experiments
#4
Thoa T Nguyen, Steffen J Glaser
A general approach is introduced to optimize experiments for the analysis of spin systems in the presence of chemical exchange. Rather than optimizing individual pulse sequence elements, such as refocusing pulses, entire relaxation dispersion sequences are optimized in the form of a single shaped pulse. This is achieved by defining a performance index that is only based on the remaining signal after the relaxation dispersion sequence for a range of exchange, relaxation, offset, and rf inhomogeneity parameters...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822295/preschoolers-social-and-moral-judgments-of-third-party-helpers-and-hinderers-align-with-infants-social-evaluations
#5
Julia W Van de Vondervoort, J Kiley Hamlin
Two experiments explored preschoolers' social preferences and moral judgments of prosocial and antisocial others. In Experiment 1, 3- to 5-year-olds (N=74) observed helping and hindering scenarios previously used to explore sociomoral evaluation in preverbal infants. Whereas 3-year-olds in Experiment 1 did not reliably distinguish between the helper and hinderer when reporting social preferences or moral judgments, both 4- and 5-year-olds preferred the helper, judged the helper to be "nicer" than the hinderer, selectively allocated punishment to the hinderer, and were able to justify their punishment allocations...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822284/the-comparison-of-chemical-liquid-deposition-and-acid-dealumination-modified-zsm-5-for-catalytic-pyrolysis-of-pinewood-using-pyrolysis-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#6
Huiyan Zhang, Shanshan Shao, Mengmeng Luo, Rui Xiao
Catalyst deactivation is the main reason for low petrochemical yield in catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) of biomass. ZSM-5 catalysts modified by chemical liquid deposition (CLD) and acid dealumination (AD) were prepared to improve petrochemical yields for CFP of pinewood. The results showed that CLD by SiO2 led to the coverage of strong acid sites, while AD favored the removal of superficial acid sites. CFP of pinewood showed that the relative area ratio of BTX was boosted by 37.2% and 30.4% over modified ZSM-5 catalysts by CLD and AD, respectively...
August 9, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822257/performance-of-a-monolith-biotrickling-filter-treating-high-concentrations-of-h2s-from-mimic-biogas-and-elemental-sulfur-plugging-control-using-pigging
#7
Xintong Qiu, Marc A Deshusses
A novel biotrickling filter using a 3D-printed honeycomb-monolith as its filter bed has been proposed and studied in this work and a solution to bed-clogging problems using pigging was demonstrated. The inlet H2S concentration in the mimic biogas was controlled around 1000 ppmv and the empty bed gas residence time (EBRT) was 41 s corresponding to a loading rate of 127 g S-H2S m(-3) h(-1). The influence of different H2S/O2 ratios on the removal performance and fate of sulfur end-products was investigated...
August 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822244/new-insights-into-the-enhanced-performance-of-high-solid-anaerobic-digestion-with-dewatered-sludge-by-thermal-hydrolysis-organic-matter-degradation-and-methanogenic-pathways
#8
Sisi Chen, Ning Li, Bin Dong, Wentao Zhao, Lingling Dai, Xiaohu Dai
Two lab-scale high solid anaerobic digesters fed with untreated sludge (R1) and thermally hydrolyzed sludge (R2) were operated to investigate the influence of thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP) on the degradation of individual macromolecular organic components (MOCs), as well as the functional and metabolic responses of microbes during anaerobic digestion (AD). The degradation of MOCs was improved by THP at different rates, in which improved degradation of proteins (by 49.0%) and hemicelluloses (by 25.0%) were the main factors contributing to the increase in volatile solids (VS) reduction...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822243/chrysin-induced-sperm-parameters-and-fatty-acid-profile-changes-improve-reproductive-performance-of-roosters
#9
Ali Sami Amin Altawash, Ahmad Zare Shahneh, Hossein Moravej, Mahdi Ansari
Having antioxidant and androgenic effects, Chrysin was orally administrated to roosters and reproductive performance including sperm quality and fatty acid composition, testis index, fertility and hatchability rates as well as blood testosterone concentration were assessed. Twenty eight 40-week-old Ross 308 roosters were individually housed, equally divided into four groups and received different levels of capsulated Chrysin including 0 (Ch0), 25 (Ch25), 50 (Ch50) or 75 (Ch75) mg/bird/day for 12 consecutive weeks...
August 5, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822231/preoperative-halo-gravity-traction-for-severe-thoracic-kyphoscoliosis-patients-from-tibet-radiographic-correction-pulmonary-function-improvement-nursing-and-complications
#10
Xiaojin Li, Liwen Zeng, Xiaoyin Li, Xuexia Chen, Caixia Ke
BACKGROUND This study investigated the outcomes of preoperative HGT as an adjunct treatment for severe thoracic kyphoscoliosis, its role in radiographic correction, and pulmonary function improvement, together with nursing strategy and incidence of complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eleven patients with a mean age of 18.8 years were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: patients with severe kyphoscoliosis (coronal Cobb angle and kyphosis angle ≥80°); duration of HGT ≥8 weeks; patients undergoing HGT for at least 12 h per day; traction weight no less than 40% of body weight; and patients not receiving physical therapies...
August 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822211/healthcare-students-interprofessional-critical-event-disaster-response-course
#11
Tae Eung Kim, Tamara Shankel, Ellen T Reibling, Jacqueline Paik, Dolores Wright, Michelle Buckman, Kathi Wild, Ehren Ngo, Alireza Hayatshahi, Lee H Nguyen, T Kent Denmark, Tamara L Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Numerous disasters confirm the need for critical event training in healthcare professions. However, no single discipline works in isolation and interprofessional learning is recognized as a necessary component. An interprofessional faculty group designed a learning curriculum crossing professional schools. DESIGN: Faculty members from four healthcare schools within the university (nursing, pharmacy, allied health, and medicine) developed an interdisciplinary course merging both published cross-cutting competencies for critical event response and interprofessional education competencies...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822166/-clinical-observation-of-modified-da-chaihu-decoction-in-treating-essential-hypertension-with-anxiety
#12
Xiang-Dong Zhang, Wang-Qiang Cheng, Yong-Gang Wang, Zheng Zhang
To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Da Chaihu decoction in treating essential hypertension with anxiety, the randomized, controlled, clinical trial was performed in this study. One hundred and twenty-six hypertensive patients with anxiety meeting the inclusive criteria were randomized into the treatment group and the control group. All of the included patients in the above 2 groups were treated by amlodipine besylate tablets. Patients in the treatment group were given Chinese herbal medicine modified Da Chaihu decoction every day...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822140/optical-fiber-bragg-grating-instrumented-silicone-liner-for-interface-pressure-measurement-within-prosthetic-sockets-of-lower-limb-amputees
#13
Ebrahim Al-Fakih, Nooranida Arifin, Gholamhossein Pirouzi, Faisal Rafiq Mahamd Adikan, Hanie Nadia Shasmin, Noor Azuan Abu Osman
This paper presents a fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-instrumented prosthetic silicone liner that provides cushioning for the residual limb and can successfully measure interface pressures inside prosthetic sockets of lower-limb amputees in a simple and practical means of sensing. The liner is made of two silicone layers between which 12 FBG sensors were embedded at locations of clinical interest. The sensors were then calibrated using a custom calibration platform that mimics a real-life situation. Afterward, a custom gait simulating machine was built to test the liner performance during an amputee's simulated gait...
August 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822112/effectiveness-of-resistance-circuit-based-training-for-maximum-oxygen-uptake-and-upper-body-one-repetition-maximum-improvements-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Francisco Antonio Muñoz-Martínez, Jacobo Á Rubio-Arias, Domingo Jesús Ramos-Campo, Pedro E Alcaraz
BACKGROUND: It is well known that concurrent increases in both maximal strength and aerobic capacity are associated with improvements in sports performance as well as overall health. One of the most popular training methods used for achieving these objectives is resistance circuit-based training. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present systematic review with a meta-analysis was to evaluate published studies that have investigated the effects of resistance circuit-based training on maximum oxygen uptake and one-repetition maximum of the upper-body strength (bench press exercise) in healthy adults...
August 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822076/studies-of-the-benzopyran-class-of-selective-cox-2-inhibitors-using-3d-qsar-and-molecular-docking
#15
Dharmendra K Yadav, Saloni, Praveen Sharma, Sanjeev Misra, Harpreet Singh, Ricardo L Mancera, Kang Kim, Cheongyun Jang, Mi-Hyun Kim, Horacio Pérez-Sánchez, Eun Ha Choi, Surendra Kumar
The Gaussian-based 3D-QSAR studies for 58 selective COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2) inhibitors belonging to benzopyran chemical class were performed. Partial least squares analysis produced statistically significant model with (R training(2)  = 0.866) and predictability (Q training(2)  = 0.66, Q test(2)  = 0.846). The 3D-QSAR model includes steric, electrostatic, hydrophobic, and hydrogen bond acceptor field indicators, whereas the potential field contributions indicate that the steric and hydrophobic features of the molecules play an important role in governing their biological activity...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822042/implementation-of-a-big-data-accessing-and-processing-platform-for-medical-records-in-cloud
#16
Chao-Tung Yang, Jung-Chun Liu, Shuo-Tsung Chen, Hsin-Wen Lu
Big Data analysis has become a key factor of being innovative and competitive. Along with population growth worldwide and the trend aging of population in developed countries, the rate of the national medical care usage has been increasing. Due to the fact that individual medical data are usually scattered in different institutions and their data formats are varied, to integrate those data that continue increasing is challenging. In order to have scalable load capacity for these data platforms, we must build them in good platform architecture...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822028/effect-of-diquafosol-tetrasodium-3-on-the-conjunctival-surface-and-clinical-findings-after-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-dry-eye
#17
Lian Cui, Ying Li, Hyo Seok Lee, Jee Myung Yang, Won Choi, Kyung Chul Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of diquafosol tetrasodium (DT) 3% on conjunctival impression cytologic findings in addition to clinical symptoms and signs after cataract surgery in patients with preexisting dry eye disease (DED). METHODS: Ninety-four eyes of 94 patients with DED who underwent uneventful cataract surgery were included. In total, 50 patients were treated with DT 3% (group A), while 44 patients were treated with sodium hyaluronate 0.1% (group B) postoperatively, along with topical antibiotics and steroids...
August 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822023/pulse-contour-derived-cardiac-output-measurements-in-morbid-obesity-influence-of-actual-ideal-and-adjusted-bodyweight
#18
Chantal A Boly, Pieter Schraverus, Floris van Raalten, Jan-Willem Coumou, Christa Boer, Simone van Kralingen
The non-invasive Nexfin cardiac output (CO) monitor shows a low level of agreement with the gold standard thermodilution method in morbidly obese patients. Here we investigate whether this disagreement is related to excessive bodyweight, and can be improved when bodyweight derivatives are used instead. We performed offline analyses of cardiac output recordings of patient data previously used and partly published in an earlier study by our group. In 30 morbidly obese patients (BMI > 35 kg/m(2)) undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass, cardiac output was simultaneously determined with PiCCO thermodilution and Nexfin pulse-contour method...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822010/vitrification-of-human-immature-oocytes-before-and-after-in-vitro-maturation-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Mohammad Ali Khalili, Abbas Shahedi, Sareh Ashourzadeh, Stefania Annarita Nottola, Guido Macchiarelli, Maria Grazia Palmerini
The use of immature oocytes subjected to in vitro maturation (IVM) opens interesting perspectives for fertility preservation where ovarian reserves are damaged by pathologies or therapies, as in PCO/PCOS and cancer patients. Human oocyte cryopreservation may offer some advantages compared to embryo freezing, such as fertility preservation in women at risk of losing fertility due to oncological treatment or chronic disease, egg donation and postponing childbirth. It also eliminates religious and/or other ethical, legal, and moral concerns of embryo freezing...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821988/presentation-and-management-of-symptomatic-central-bone-cement-embolization
#20
Ahmed Samir Barakat, Tamer Owais, Mohamed Alhashash, Mootaz Shousha, Hesham El Saghir, Bernward Lauer, Heinrich Boehm
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With more cement augmentation procedures done, the occurrence of serious complications is also expected to rise. Symptomatic central cement embolization is a rare but very serious complication. Moreover, the pathophysiology and treatment of intrathoracic cement embolism remain controversial. PURPOSE: In this case series, we are trying to identify various presentations and suggest our emergent management scheme for symptomatic central cement embolization...
August 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
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