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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352725/longitudinal-evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-promote-routine-antenatal-enquiry-for-domestic-violence-by-midwives
#1
Kathleen Baird, Debra K Creedy, Amornrat S Saito, Jennifer Eustace
BACKGROUND: Routine enquiry about domestic violence during pregnancy is accepted best practice. Training is essential to improve knowledge and practice. Few studies have undertaken a comprehensive evaluation of training impact over time. AIM: To evaluate the longitudinal impact of a domestic violence training and support program to promote midwives' routine antenatal enquiry for domestic violence using a mixed methods design. METHOD: Data sources included (1) surveys of midwives at 6 months post-training, (2) interviews with key stakeholders at 12 months, (3) chart audit data of screening, risk, and disclosure rates (for 16 months)...
January 15, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352579/informed-consent-in-physiotherapy-practice-it-is-not-what-is-said-but-how-it-is-said
#2
G Copnell
This paper discusses the concept of informed consent in the context of contemporary biomedical ethics. A change in UK law regarding what information should be provided to patients has brought to the fore the role of physiotherapists in the process of gaining informed consent. It is important that physiotherapists are aware of how this change in the law will affect their practice. For an individual to consent, they need to have both the capacity and freedom to exercise rational thought. These concepts are challenged in contemporary biomedical ethics...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352492/variability-of-pulsed-energy-outputs-from-three-dermatology-lasers-during-multiple-simulated-treatments
#3
J Britton
BACKGROUND: Dermatology laser treatments are undertaken at regional departments using lasers of different powers and wavelengths. In order to achieve good outcomes there need to be good consistency of laser output across different weeks as it is custom and practice to break down the treatments into individual fractions. Departments will also collect information from test patches to help decide on the most appropriate treatment parameters for individual patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of these experiments is to assess the variability of the energy outputs from a small number of lasers across multiple weeks at realistic parameters...
January 20, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352437/cost-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-chronic-constipation-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Dolly Han, Nicolas Iragorri, Fiona Clement, Diane Lorenzetti, Eldon Spackman
BACKGROUND: Chronic constipation (CC) has a significant impact on patients' quality of life and imposes an economic burden on individuals and the healthcare system. Treatment options include dietary changes, lifestyle modifications, fibre supplements, stool softeners, and laxatives. OBJECTIVE: We undertook this systematic review to comprehensively evaluate the cost effectiveness of treatments for CC. METHODS: We searched ten common databases to identify economic evaluations published to 13 June 2017...
January 19, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352365/-anesthesia-problem-cards-indispensable-yet-problematic-nationwide-survey-on-experiences-from-clinical-practice
#5
M Schieren, A Böhmer, W Golbeck, J Defosse, F Wappler, H E Marcus
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic procedures may lead to severe and potentially life-threatening complications (e. g. difficult airway, allergic reactions, malignant hyperthermia). Most complications can be avoided in future anesthetic procedures with adequate preparation (e. g. awake intubation, trigger-free anesthesia). In Germany, anesthesia problem cards were introduced two decades ago to identify patients at risk and to increase patient safety by creating a standardized documentation system for anesthesia-related complications...
January 19, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352032/the-surprising-subtleties-of-changing-fear-memory-a-challenge-for-translational-science
#6
REVIEW
Merel Kindt
Current pharmacological and psychological treatments for disorders of emotional memory only dampen the affective response while leaving the original fear memory intact. Under adverse circumstances, these original memories regain prominence, causing relapses in many patients. The (re)discovery in neuroscience that after reactivation consolidated fear memories may return to a transient labile state, requiring a process of restabilization in order to persist, offers a window of opportunity for modifying fear memories with amnestic agents...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351981/from-practice-to-the-city-my-career-change
#7
(no author information available yet)
Julie Ross is the commercial director at Pets at Home Vet Group. Here, she reviews her career and explains how it has evolved and changed since she graduated in 2002.
January 20, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351895/a-tailored-web-based-intervention-to-improve-parenting-risk-and-protective-factors-for-adolescent-depression-and-anxiety-problems-postintervention-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Marie Bee Hui Yap, Shireen Mahtani, Ronald M Rapee, Claire Nicolas, Katherine A Lawrence, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders in young people are a global health concern. Parents have an important role in reducing the risk of these disorders, but cost-effective, evidence-based interventions for parents that can be widely disseminated are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the postintervention effects of the Partners in Parenting (PiP) program on parenting risk and protective factors for adolescent depression and anxiety, and on adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351879/the-importance-of-monochromatic-lights-in-the-production-of-phenolic-acids-and-flavonoids-in-shoot-cultures-of-aronia-melanocarpa-aronia-arbutifolia-and-aronia%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-prunifolia
#9
Agnieszka Szopa, Anna Starzec, Halina Ekiert
Shoot cultures of Aronia melanocarpa, A. arbutifolia and A. × prunifolia were maintained on Murashige and Skoog medium with 1 mg/l each of BA and NAA under monochromatic lights (far-red, red, blue lights, UV-A-irradiation), in darkness, and under white light (control). HPLC-DAD analyses of 19 phenolic acids and 11 flavonoids in methanolic extracts from the shoots revealed in all of them the presence of three depsides (chlorogenic, neochlorogenic and rosmarinic acids), protocatechuic acid, four flavonoid glycosides (cynaroside, quercitrin, hyperoside and rutoside), and additionally, in A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351819/patient-reported-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#10
Jennifer Pallansch, Yiping Li, James Bena, Lu Wang, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is regarded as the gold standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults, outcomes in older patients are limited. This study examines the effect of CPAP therapy in older adults with OSA (older than 60 years) compared to younger adults (age 18 to 60 years) to inform the current standard of practice. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study with a convenience sample to compare responses to CPAP treatment in older versus younger adults with OSA using validated, patient-reported outcomes (PROs)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351729/the-brief-assessment-of-family-functioning-scale-baffs-a-three-item-version-of-the-general-functioning-scale-of-the-family-assessment-device
#11
Abigail K Mansfield, Gabor I Keitner, Thomas Sheeran
The purpose of the present study is to compare results from the 12-item General Functioning Scale (GF-FAD) of the Family Assessment Device (FAD) to a three-item version, the Brief Assessment of Family Functioning Scale (BAFFS), designed to be used when brevity is especially important. We used principal components analysis of the GF-FAD, followed by multiple sample confirmatory factor analyses to test the robustness of the BAFFS in different samples. The BAFFS correlated highly with the GF-FAD, and demonstrated good concurrent validity with another measure of global marital functioning, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale-4 in a help-seeking sample...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351660/behavior-change-is-not-one-size-fits-all-psychosocial-phenotypes-of-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-participants
#12
Marissa Burgermaster, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Lena Mamykina
Variability in individuals' responses to interventions may contribute to small average treatment effects of childhood obesity prevention interventions. But, neither the causes of this individual variability nor the mechanism by which it influences behavior are clear. We used qualitative methods to characterize variability in students' responses to participating in a childhood obesity prevention intervention and psychosocial characteristics related to the behavior change process. We interviewed 18 students participating in a school-based curriculum and policy behavior change intervention...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351658/intensive-versus-conventional-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-a-general-practice-population-the-blood-pressure-reduction-in-danish-general-practice-trial-a-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-trial
#13
Pia Klarskov, Lia E Bang, Peter Schultz-Larsen, Hans Gregers Petersen, David Benee Olsen, Ronan M G Berg, Henrik Abrahamsen, Niels Wiinberg
Objective: To compare the effect of a conventional to an intensive blood pressure monitoring regimen on blood pressure in hypertensive patients in the general practice setting. Design: Randomized controlled parallel group trial with 12-month follow-up. Setting: One hundred and ten general practices in all regions of Denmark. Participants: One thousand forty-eight patients with essential hypertension. Intervention: Conventional blood pressure monitoring ('usual group') continued usual ad hoc blood pressure monitoring by office blood pressure measurements, while intensive blood pressure monitoring ('intensive group') supplemented this with frequent home blood pressure monitoring and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
January 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#14
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351295/effects-of-a-population-based-person-centred-and-integrated-care-service-on-health-wellbeing-and-self-management-of-community-living-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial-on-embrace
#15
Sophie L W Spoorenberg, Klaske Wynia, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Hubertus P H Kremer, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of the population-based, person-centred and integrated care service 'Embrace' at twelve months on three domains comprising health, wellbeing and self-management among community-living older people. METHODS: Embrace supports older adults to age in place. A multidisciplinary team provides care and support, with intensity depending on the older adults' risk profile. A randomised controlled trial was conducted in fifteen general practices in the Netherlands...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351132/mixed-methods-approach-to-humanistic-interprofessional-faculty-development
#16
Alice Fornari, Leanne M Tortez, Monika Lay, Bruce Hirsch, Donna Tanzi, Isabel Friedman, Alison P Ricardo, Renee Pekmezaris, William Branch
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians. METHODS: During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351067/changes-in-the-incidence-of-intestinal-giardiosis-in-mexican-population-during-five-years-2011-2015
#17
Gabriela Ibáñez-Cervantes, Gloria León-Ávila, Juan Manuel Bello-López, Armando Pérez-Rangel, Gregorio León-García, Benjamín Nogueda-Torres, José Manuel Hernández
Giardiosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Giardia intestinalis, which is distributed worldwide. Most of the data on the prevalence of giardiosis in Mexico comes from research, but it is also necessary to study the data provided by the Mexican Health Ministry and issued by the General Directorate of Epidemiology. The aim of this work was analyse the national surveillance data for human giardiosis in order to update the epidemiological data of this disease in Mexico. A retrospective observational analysis of giardiosis (from January 2011 to December 2015) was performed in the annual reports emitted by the GDE in Mexico...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350832/the-developmental-trinity-of-mind-cognizance-executive-control-and-reasoning
#18
REVIEW
Andreas Demetriou, Nikolaos Makris, Smaragda Kazi, George Spanoudis, Michael Shayer
This paper summarizes research on how cognizance, that is, awareness of mental processes, interacts with executive control and reasoning from childhood to adolescence. Central positions are that (a) cognizance changes extensively with age; (b) it contributes to the formation of executive control, and (c) mediates between executive control and reasoning. Cognizance recycles with changes in executive and inferential possibilities in four developmental cycles: it registers their present state, yielding insight into their operation, allowing their better management; this catalyzes their transformation into the next level...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350552/role-strain-part-2-perceptions-among-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-practice-setting
#19
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Kirk Brumels
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) employed in the professional sports setting (ATPSSs) demonstrate moderate to high degrees of role strain. The experiences and perceptions of these ATs provide insight regarding the sources of role strain as well as ways to reduce it. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the perceptions of ATPSSs regarding role strain. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   From a purposeful sampling of 389 ATs employed in the 5 major sport leagues (Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, National Football League, and National Hockey League), we identified 34 participants willing to participate in a phone interview...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350182/the-role-of-eeg-in-the-diagnosis-and-classification-of-the-epilepsy-syndromes-a-tool-for-clinical-practice-by-the-ilae-neurophysiology-task-force-part-2
#20
Michalis Koutroumanidis, Alexis Arzimanoglou, Roberto Caraballo, Sushma Goyal, Anna Kaminska, Pramote Laoprasert, Hirokazu Oguni, Guido Rubboli, William Tatum, Pierre Thomas, Eugen Trinka, Luca Vignatelli, Solomon L Moshé
The concept of epilepsy syndromes, introduced in 1989, was defined as "clusters of signs and symptoms customarily occurring together". Definition of epilepsy syndromes based on electro-clinical features facilitated clinical practice and, whenever possible, clinical research in homogeneous groups of patients with epilepsies. Progress in the fields of neuroimaging and genetics made it rapidly clear that, although crucial, the electro-clinical description of epilepsy syndromes was not sufficient to allow much needed development of targeted therapies and a better understanding of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of seizures...
December 1, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
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