keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Expansive learning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329435/expanding-a-radiology-lexicon-using-contextual-patterns-in-radiology-reports
#1
Bethany Percha, Yuhao Zhang, Selen Bozkurt, Daniel Rubin, Russ B Altman, Curtis P Langlotz
Objective: Distributional semantics algorithms, which learn vector space representations of words and phrases from large corpora, identify related terms based on contextual usage patterns. We hypothesize that distributional semantics can speed up lexicon expansion in a clinical domain, radiology, by unearthing synonyms from the corpus. Materials and Methods: We apply word2vec, a distributional semantics software package, to the text of radiology notes to identify synonyms for RadLex, a structured lexicon of radiology terms...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325399/evaluating-the-process-and-extent-of-institutionalization-a-case-study-of-a-rapid-response-unit-for-health-policy-in-burkina-faso
#2
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Salimata Ouedraogo
BACKGROUND: Good decision-making requires gathering and using sufficient information. Several knowledge translation platforms have been introduced in Burkina Faso to support evidence-informed decision-making. One of these is the rapid response service for health. This platform aims to provide quick access for policy-makers in Burkina Faso to highquality research evidence about health systems. The purpose of this study is to describe the process and extent of the institutionalization of the rapid response service...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312636/tumor-gene-expression-data-classification-via-sample-expansion-based-deep-learning
#3
Jian Liu, Xuesong Wang, Yuhu Cheng, Lin Zhang
Since tumor is seriously harmful to human health, effective diagnosis measures are in urgent need for tumor therapy. Early detection of tumor is particularly important for better treatment of patients. A notable issue is how to effectively discriminate tumor samples from normal ones. Many classification methods, such as Support Vector Machines (SVMs), have been proposed for tumor classification. Recently, deep learning has achieved satisfactory performance in the classification task of many areas. However, the application of deep learning is rare in tumor classification due to insufficient training samples of gene expression data...
December 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297359/multiple-kernels-learning-based-biological-entity-relationship-extraction-method
#4
Xu Dongliang, Pan Jingchang, Wang Bailing
BACKGROUND: Automatic extracting protein entity interaction information from biomedical literature can help to build protein relation network and design new drugs. There are more than 20 million literature abstracts included in MEDLINE, which is the most authoritative textual database in the field of biomedicine, and follow an exponential growth over time. This frantic expansion of the biomedical literature can often be difficult to absorb or manually analyze. Thus efficient and automated search engines are necessary to efficiently explore the biomedical literature using text mining techniques...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297346/a-participatory-action-research-approach-to-strengthening-health-managers-capacity-at-district-level-in-eastern-uganda
#5
Moses Tetui, Anna-Britt Coe, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Sara Bennett, Suzanne N Kiwanuka, Asha George, Elizabeth Ekirapa Kiracho
BACKGROUND: Many approaches to improving health managers' capacity in poor countries, particularly those pursued by external agencies, employ non-participatory approaches and often seek to circumvent (rather than strengthen) weak public management structures. This limits opportunities for strengthening local health managers' capacity, improving resource utilisation and enhancing service delivery. This study explored the contribution of a participatory action research approach to strengthening health managers' capacity in Eastern Uganda...
December 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287199/trillium-tschonoskii-maxim-saponin-mitigates-d-galactose-induced-brain-aging-of-rats-through-rescuing-dysfunctional-autophagy-mediated-by-rheb-mtor-signal-pathway
#6
Lingjie Wang, Junlong Du, Fangyu Zhao, Zonghai Chen, Jingru Chang, Furong Qin, Zili Wang, Fengjie Wang, Xianbing Chen, Ning Chen
During the expansion of aging population, the study correlated with brain aging is one of the important research topics. Developing novel and effective strategies for delaying brain aging is highly desired. Brain aging is characteristics of impaired cognitive capacity due to dysfunctional autophagy regulated by Rheb-mTOR signal pathway in hippocampal tissues. In the present study, we have established a rat model with brain aging through subcutaneous injection of D-galactose (D-gal). Upon the intervention of Trillium tschonoskii Maxim (TTM) saponin, one of bioactive components from local natural herbs in China, the learning and memory capacity of D-gal-induced aging rats was evaluated through Morris water maze test, and the regulation of Rheb-mTOR signal pathway and functional status of autophagy in hippocampal tissues of D-gal-induced aging rats was explored by Western blot...
December 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283908/have-haploidentical-transplants-replaced-umbilical-cord-transplants-for-acute-leukemias
#7
Jia Hau Liu, Christopher G Kanakry, Leo Luznik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo SCT) and umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation (UCB SCT) have emerged over the past two to three decades as viable sources of alternative donor SCT when a human leukocyte antigen matched donor is not available. However, which of these two donor types is optimal for patients with leukemia in need of allografting is unknown. RECENT FINDINGS: For patients with acute leukemia, results of UCB SCT have been improved by the use of double umbilical cord units and emerging ex vivo expansion technologies...
December 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283211/differentiating-research-quality-improvement-and-case-studies-to-ethically-incorporate-pregnant-women
#8
REVIEW
Julia C Phillippi, Katherine E Hartmann
Pregnant women have been called therapeutic orphans because data supporting common interventions, medications, health teaching, and models of care are meager. The generation of quality evidence benefits from proactive approaches that ensure ethical standards are met to protect participants. The purpose of this article is to differentiate among health care, quality improvement, and research and to discuss ethical involvement of women who are pregnant and potentially childbearing in these initiatives. Health care is provided to protect and improve individual health...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282069/health-system-s-response-for-physician-workforce-shortages-and-the-upcoming-crisis-in-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-research
#9
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: A rapid transition from severe physician workforce shortage to massive production to ensure the physician workforce demand puts the Ethiopian health care system in a variety of challenges. Therefore, this study discovered how the health system response for physician workforce shortage using the so-called flooding strategy was viewed by different stakeholders. METHODS: The study adopted the grounded theory research approach to explore the causes, contexts, and consequences (at the present, in the short and long term) of massive medical student admission to the medical schools on patient care, medical education workforce, and medical students...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237291/what-would-be-really-helpful-but-nobody-ever-tells-you-five-key-recommendations-derived-from-lessons-learned-during-a-qualitative-study-in-clinical-settings
#10
Rose Steele, Betty Davies, Guenther Krueger
The complexity of qualitative research can lead to a less thorough analysis than would be ideal. Even experienced researchers can become entwined in the myriad of decisions that must be made. Descriptions of qualitative approaches in numerous textbooks and published articles often lack sufficient details to help a researcher surface from the entanglements, especially when conducting studies in clinical settings. In this paper, we share our experiences of navigating some "real-world" issues in doing qualitative research...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236556/mechanisms-of-change-for-children-participating-in-therapeutic-horse-riding-a-grounded-theory
#11
R A Martin, F P Graham, W J Taylor, W M M Levack
AIM: To develop a model for understanding mechanisms of change in health outcomes for riders with disabilities participating in therapeutic horse riding (THR). METHODS: Using grounded theory methods we collected and analyzed data from interviews with 16 child riders and 18 caregivers, teachers and primary therapists, and from participant-observation during THR sessions. RESULTS: The central concept underpinning the model illustrating mechanisms of change was "gaining the tools to go on...
December 13, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233448/introducing-problem-based-learning-into-a-canadian-accredited-middle-eastern-educational-setting
#12
Ziad G Nasr, Kyle John Wilby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adaption of active learning strategies into new cultures and contexts requires careful consideration to maximize effectiveness and meet intended objectives. The aim of this paper was to describe the adaption and implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) within a pharmacy curriculum in a Middle Eastern context. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: PBL was implemented into the curriculum at Qatar University in 2014 and expanded in subsequent years to include differing courses and contexts...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224224/healthy-and-ready-to-learn-effects-of-a-school-based-public-health-insurance-outreach-program-for-kindergarten-aged-children
#13
Jade Marcus Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Rates of child insurance coverage have increased due to expansions in public programs, but many eligible children remain uninsured. Uninsured children are less likely to receive preventative care, which leads to poorer health and achievement in the long term. This study is an evaluation of a school-based health insurance outreach initiative, "Healthy and Ready to Learn," aiming to identify and enroll uninsured kindergarteners in areas of high economic need in 16 counties in North Carolina...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218767/maternal-communicative-behaviours-and-interaction-quality-as-predictors-of-language-development-findings-from-a-community-based-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#14
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Jodie Smith, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language learning. AIMS: To identify (1) communicative behaviours and interaction quality associated with language outcomes; (2) whether the association between a maternal intrusive behaviour (directive) and child language scores changed alongside a maternal responsive behaviour (expansion); and (3) whether interaction quality modified these associations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210341/-without-this-program-women-can-lose-their-lives-migrant-women-s-experiences-with-the-safe-abortion-referral-programme-in-chiang-mai-thailand
#15
Ellen Tousaw, Ra Khin La, Grady Arnott, Orawee Chinthakanan, Angel M Foster
For displaced and migrant women in northern Thailand, access to health care is often limited, unwanted pregnancy is common, and unsafe abortion is a major contributor to maternal death and disability. Based on a pilot project and situational analysis research, in 2015 a multinational team introduced the Safe Abortion Referral Programme (SARP) in Chiang Mai, Thailand, to reduce the socio-linguistic, economic, documentation, and transportation barriers women from Burma face in accessing safe and legal abortion care in Thailand...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204590/thirty-years-of-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-what-have-we-learned
#16
REVIEW
Bobby A Tajudeen, David W Kennedy
Prior to adaptation of endoscopic approaches for sinonasal pathology, patients regularly endured significant morbidity from open approaches to the sinonasal cavity that were often fraught with failure. With improvements in transnasal endoscopy, functional endoscopic sinus surgery subsequently emerged from the work of Messerklinger and other pioneers in the field. The popularity of endoscopic sinus surgery quickly escalated and expanded to pathology other than inflammation. Here, we discuss the evolution of endoscopic sinus surgery as it relates to improvements in understanding disease pathogenesis, improvements in instrumentation and expansion of indications...
June 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200448/clinical-track-program-expansion-increases-rotation-capacity-for-experiential-program
#17
Toyin S Tofade, Mark Brueckl, Patricia A Ross
Objective. To evaluate the rotation capacity at the University of Maryland School of Pharmacy and see if the implementation of clinical track programs across the state correlates to an increase in rotation capacity for the school. Methods. The following information was collected: number of preceptors over the years in the school's experiential learning program, number of clinical track programs from 2012 to 2015, rotation type, availability submissions per rotation type per year, and availability submissions per hospital participant in the clinical track program per year...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191515/mapping-the-spatial-distribution-of-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus
#18
Fangyu Ding, Jingying Fu, Dong Jiang, Mengmeng Hao, Gang Lin
Mosquito-borne infectious diseases, such as Rift Valley fever, Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika, have caused mass human death with the transnational expansion fueled by economic globalization. Simulating the distribution of the disease vectors is of great importance in formulating public health planning and disease control strategies. In the present study, we simulated the global distribution of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus at a 5×5km spatial resolution with high-dimensional multidisciplinary datasets and machine learning methods Three relatively popular and robust machine learning models, including support vector machine (SVM), gradient boosting machine (GBM) and random forest (RF), were used...
November 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189764/a-comprehensive-approach-to-motorcycle-related-head-injury-prevention-experiences-from-the-field-in-vietnam-cambodia-and-uganda
#19
Greig Craft, Truong Van Bui, Mirjam Sidik, Danielle Moore, David J Ederer, Erin M Parker, Michael F Ballesteros, David A Sleet
Motorcyclists account for 23% of global road traffic deaths and over half of fatalities in countries where motorcycles are the dominant means of transport. Wearing a helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by as much as 69% and death by 42%; however, both child and adult helmet use are low in many countries where motorcycles are a primary mode of transportation. In response to the need to increase helmet use by all drivers and their passengers, the Global Helmet Vaccine Initiative (GHVI) was established to increase helmet use in three countries where a substantial portion of road users are motorcyclists and where helmet use is low...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186887/imu-based-gait-recognition-using-convolutional-neural-networks-and-multi-sensor-fusion
#20
Omid Dehzangi, Mojtaba Taherisadr, Raghvendar ChangalVala
The wide spread usage of wearable sensors such as in smart watches has provided continuous access to valuable user generated data such as human motion that could be used to identify an individual based on his/her motion patterns such as, gait. Several methods have been suggested to extract various heuristic and high-level features from gait motion data to identify discriminative gait signatures and distinguish the target individual from others. However, the manual and hand crafted feature extraction is error prone and subjective...
November 27, 2017: Sensors
keyword
keyword
41729
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"