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Ethnography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087544/children-s-experiences-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-cfs-me-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-studies
#1
Roxanne M Parslow, Sarah Harris, Jessica Broughton, Adla Alattas, Esther Crawley, Kirstie Haywood, Alison Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To synthesis the qualitative studies of children's experiences of chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-ethnography. BACKGROUND: CFS/ME is an important disabling illness, with uncertain cause and prognosis. As a result, children with CFS/ME can find themselves living with greater uncertainty and stigma, exacerbating the impact of the condition. There is a growing body of qualitative research in CFS/ME, yet there has been no attempt to systematically synthesis the studies involving children...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074406/testosterone-and-jamaican-fathers-exploring-links-to-relationship-dynamics-and-paternal-care
#2
Peter B Gray, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Twana Dinall, Sydonnie Pellington, Maureen Samms-Vaughan
This paper investigates relationships between men's testosterone and family life in a sample of approximately 350 Jamaican fathers of children 18-24 months of age. The study recognizes the role of testosterone as a proximate mechanism coordinating and reflecting male life history allocations within specific family and cultural contexts. A sample of Jamaican fathers and/or father figures reported to an assessment center for an interview based on a standardized questionnaire and provided a saliva sample for measuring testosterone level...
January 10, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063090/don-t-give-up-a-cyber-ethnography-and-discourse-analysis-of-an-online-infertility-patient-forum
#3
Mihan Lee
Infertility affects women across the socioeconomic spectrum; however, it is by no means egalitarian in its distribution, nor uniform in its lived experience. Evidence shows striking disparities by income, race, and education in infertility prevalence, access to infertility services, and success rates after receiving infertility treatments. However, few studies so far have investigated disparities in patients' access to psychological support during the infertility journey. This paper undertakes a cyber-ethnography of the online patient forum, "Finding a Resolution for Infertility," hosted by RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association...
January 6, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053846/illness-experience-of-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-participating-in-clinical-trials
#4
Hoo-Jeung Cho, Euna Park
OBJECTIVES: To understand the illness experience of patients with chronic hepatitis C participating in clinical trials in the sociocultural context of Korea in an in-depth and comprehensive manner. METHODS: A focused ethnography approach was used to discover the pattern of illness experience of patients with chronic hepatitis C in the cultural background of Korea. Interviews were conducted with 11 patients with chronic hepatitis C participating in clinical trials and the collected data were analyzed with the domain analysis, taxonomical analysis, componential analysis, and theme analysis proposed by Spradley...
December 2016: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052782/the-environmental-production-of-disability-for-seniors-with-age-related-vision-loss
#5
Colleen McGrath, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Marlee Spafford, Barry Trentham, Jan Polgar
To date, attention to the environmental production of disability among older adults with age-related vision loss (ARVL) has been limited. This critical ethnographic study aimed to reveal the ways in which environmental barriers produced and perpetuated disability for 10 older adults with ARVL. A modified version of Carspecken's five-stage approach for critical ethnography was adopted with three methods of data collection used, including a narrative interview, a participant observation session, and a semi-structured, in-depth interview...
January 5, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049522/paradox-of-the-institution-findings-from-a-hospital-labour-ward-ethnography
#6
Elizabeth C Newnham, Lois V McKellar, Jan I Pincombe
BACKGROUND: Interest in the influence of culture on birth practices is on the rise, and with it comes a sense of urgency to implement practices that aid the normalisation and humanisation of birth. This groundswell is occurring despite a broader cultural milieu of escalating technology-use and medicalisation of birth across the globe. Against this background, rates of epidural analgesia use by women in labour are increasing, despite the risk of side effects. Socio-cultural norms and beliefs are likely to influence pain relief choices but there is currently scant research on this topic...
January 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039595/the-sexual-adjustment-process-of-cancer-patients-and-their-partners-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#7
Charlotte Benoot, Marlies Saelaert, Karin Hannes, Johan Bilsen
When confronted with cancer, a prominent challenge for patients and their partners is their changed sexual relationship. An empirically based theoretical model of the sexual adaptation process during cancer might be helpful in guiding the development of adequate interventions for couples who struggle with their sexual relationship. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to synthesize evidence from primary qualitative research studies and to arrive at a detailed description of the process of sexual adjustment during cancer...
December 30, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039588/using-video-reflexive-ethnography-to-capture-the-complexity-of-leadership-enactment-in-the-healthcare-workplace
#8
Lisi Gordon, Charlotte Rees, Jean Ker, Jennifer Cleland
Current theoretical thinking asserts that leadership should be distributed across many levels of healthcare organisations to improve the patient experience and staff morale. However, much healthcare leadership education focusses on the training and competence of individuals and little attention is paid to the interprofessional workplace and how its inherent complexities might contribute to the emergence of leadership. Underpinned by complexity theory, this research aimed to explore how interprofessional healthcare teams enact leadership at a micro-level through influential acts of organising...
December 30, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029572/using-digital-interventions-for-self-management-of-chronic-physical-health-conditions-a-meta-ethnography-review-of-published-studies
#9
REVIEW
Katherine Morton, Laura Dennison, Carl May, Elizabeth Murray, Paul Little, Richard J McManus, Lucy Yardley
OBJECTIVES: To understand the experiences of patients and healthcare professionals (HCPs) using self-management digital interventions (DIs) for chronic physical health conditions. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in 6 electronic databases. Qualitative studies describing users' experiences of self-management DIs were included, and authors' interpretations were synthesised using meta-ethnography. RESULTS: 30 papers met the inclusion criteria, covering a range of DIs and chronic conditions, including hypertension, asthma and heart disease...
October 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025910/science-ethnography-art
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005255/the-roles-of-implicit-understanding-of-engineering-ethics-in-student-teams-discussion
#11
Eun Ah Lee, Magdalena Grohman, Nicholas R Gans, Marco Tacca, Matthew J Brown
Following previous work that shows engineering students possess different levels of understanding of ethics-implicit and explicit-this study focuses on how students' implicit understanding of engineering ethics influences their team discussion process, in cases where there is significant divergence between their explicit and implicit understanding. We observed student teams during group discussions of the ethical issues involved in their engineering design projects. Through the micro-scale discourse analysis based on cognitive ethnography, we found two possible ways in which implicit understanding influenced the discussion...
December 22, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996343/meta-ethnography-of-qualitative-research-on-the-experience-of-being-a-partner-to-an-individual-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#12
Laura Foran Lewis
Several qualitative studies explore the experience of being a partner to an individual with schizophrenia spectrum disorder, but these studies remain isolated "islands of knowledge." This meta-ethnography aimed to synthesize current qualitative studies using Noblit and Hare's method. Thirteen studies were identified for inclusion. Three overarching themes were revealed: unmet expectations of relationship, renegotiating relationship roles, and separation versus togetherness. Themes interacted as a cycle with separation versus togetherness as temporal endpoints...
December 20, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994487/the-experiences-of-prepregnancy-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-synthesis
#13
Rita Forde, Evridiki E Patelarou, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common medical conditions affecting pregnancy and is associated with a number of adverse fetal, infant, and maternal outcomes. These adverse outcomes can be avoided or minimized with appropriate prepregnancy care (PPC). However, the uptake of PPC is limited in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The reasons for poor uptake are multifactorial, reflecting both women's understanding of pregnancy risks, and limitations in care delivery. METHODS: A systematic literature review with meta-synthesis was undertaken to identify qualitative studies exploring experiences of PPC for women with T2DM incorporating the views of women with T2DM and health care professionals (HCPs)...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976920/understanding-informal-carers-experiences-of-caring-for-older-people-with-a-hip-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#14
Lorena Saletti-Cuesta, Elizabeth Tutton, Debbie Langstaff, Keith Willett
PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to reconceptualize experiences from a variety of papers to provide direction for research, policy and practice. METHOD: Meta-ethnography was used to inform the review, and 21 studies were included. FINDINGS: The analysis identified a core theme of "engaging in care: struggling through", as carers, who wanted to be involved in caring, learnt to live with the intense and stressful impact of caring and changes to their life...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956660/understanding-help-seeking-behavior-in-depression-a-qualitative-synthesis-of-patients-experiences
#15
Sigita Doblyte, Eladio Jiménez-Mejías
Despite decades of evidence-based interventions, depression remains a great challenge for public health due to enormous treatment gap and lag which, at least partially, result from low professional help-seeking by people suffering from depressive symptoms. In this article, we aim to gain a better understanding of help-seeking behavior in depression, and how to intervene effectively decreasing treatment gap and delay by using a meta-ethnography approach-an interpretive technique to systematically synthesize qualitative data...
January 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941518/effectiveness-and-experience-of-arts-based-pedagogy-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#16
Kendra L Rieger, Wanda M Chernomas, Diana E McMillan, Francine L Morin, Lisa Demczuk
BACKGROUND: To develop well rounded professional nurses, educators need diverse pedagogical approaches. There is growing interest in arts-based pedagogy (ABP) as the arts can facilitate reflection, create meaning and engage healthcare students. However, the emerging body of research about ABP needs to be systematically examined. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of ABP in enhancing competencies and learning behaviors in undergraduate nursing education and to explore nursing students' experiences with art-based pedagogy...
November 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912847/negotiating-positive-aging-in-the-presence-of-age-related-vision-loss-arvl-the-shaping-and-perpetuation-of-disability
#17
Colleen McGrath, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Jan Polgar, Marlee M Spafford, Barry Trentham
INTRODUCTION: While previous research has explored the meaning of positive aging discourses from the perspective of older adults, the perspective of older adults aging with a disability has not been studied. In fact the intersection of aging and disability has been largely underexplored in both social gerontology and disability studies. METHOD: This critical ethnography engaged ten older adults aging with vision loss in narrative interviews, participant observation sessions, and semi-structured in-depth interviews...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905664/video-ethnography-during-and-after-caesarean-sections-methodological-challenges
#18
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper will describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research utilises real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903757/beyond-hand-hygiene-a-qualitative-study-of-the-everyday-work-of-preventing-cross-contamination-on-hospital-wards
#19
Su-Yin Hor, Claire Hooker, Rick Iedema, Mary Wyer, Gwendolyn L Gilbert, Christine Jorm, Matthew Vincent Neil O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections are the most common adverse event for inpatients worldwide. Efforts to prevent microbial cross-contamination currently focus on hand hygiene and use of personal protective equipment (PPE), with variable success. Better understanding is needed of infection prevention and control (IPC) in routine clinical practice. METHODS: We report on an interventionist video-reflexive ethnography study that explored how healthcare workers performed IPC in three wards in two hospitals in New South Wales, Australia: an intensive care unit and two general surgical wards...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894846/maintaining-physical-exercise-as-a-matter-of-synchronising-practices-experiences-and-observations-from-training-in-mixed-martial-arts
#20
Stanley Blue
This paper is concerned with the establishment, maintenance, and decline of physical exercise practices. Drawing on experiences and observations taken from a carnal ethnography and rhythmanalysis of the practices involved in training in Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), I argue that maintaining this physical exercise practice is not straightforwardly an outcome of individual commitment, access to facilities, or the availability of free time. It rather depends on the synchronisation of practices: those of MMA, those that support MMA, and those that more broadly make up everyday life...
November 25, 2016: Health & Place
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