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Ethnography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446553/children-s-moral-experiences-of-crisis-management-in-a-child-mental-health-setting
#1
Marjorie Montreuil, Catherine Thibeault, Linda McHarg, Franco A Carnevale
The experiences of children related to conflict and crisis management in child mental health settings, especially those aged 12 and below, have been rarely studied. This study examined the moral experiences of children related to conflict and crisis management and the related use of restraint and seclusion in a child mental health setting. A 5-month focused ethnography using a participatory hermeneutic framework was conducted in a day hospital programme for children with severe disruptive disorders within a mental health institute...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415634/too-long-to-wait-obstetric-fistula-and-the-sociopolitical-dynamics-of-the-fourth-delay-in-soroti-uganda
#2
Bonnie Ruder, Melissa Cheyney, Alice Aturo Emasu
Uganda has one of the highest obstetric fistula rates in the world with approximately 200,000 women currently suffering. Surgical closure successfully treats fistula in the majority of cases, yet there is a severe shortage of facilities and trained surgeons in low-resource countries. The purpose of this study was to examine Ugandan women's experiences of obstetric fistula with the aim of adding narrative depth to the clinical literature on this devastating birth injury. Data were collected through semistructured interviews, focus groups, and participant observation...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412274/-the-san-juan-de-dios-hospital-and-its-workers-the-social-life-of-a-hospital-and-the-health-crisis-in-colombia
#3
Andrés Góngora
This article describes some significant events of the fifteen years of struggle (1999-2014) of a group of women for the reactivation of the San Juan de Dios Hospital and to stay on as workers after the neoliberal reforms in Colombia. The ethnography presented proposes tools for the understanding of the moral dimensions forged from a conflict for the recognition of rights and shows that the hospital, more than being an architectural complex, is a language activated by the workers to affirm their humanity, a vehicle for the symbolic elaboration of a cause and a means to understand the construction of collectives based on emotional terminology...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411676/health-systems-flattening-the-failed-promises-of-decentralisation-in-mozambique
#4
Joel Christian Reed
Over the past decade, health systems strengthening (HSS) has become a global health imperative. As an answer to the influence of large-scale initiatives and NGOs, HSS represents a backlash against disease-specific projects and funding. Depicted as a positive evolution, HSS advertises local autonomy, and a turn away from donor-driven agendas. Central to this shift was the hope that 'vertical' funding, especially for HIV/AIDS, could be better used to build up the 'crumbling core' of health infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa...
February 7, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410976/working-to-full-scope-the-reorganization-of-nursing-work-in-two-canadian-community-hospitals
#5
Karen MacKinnon, Diane L Butcher, Anne Bruce
Work relationships between registered nurses (RNs) and practical nurses (LPNs) are changing as new models of nursing care delivery are introduced to create more flexibility for employers. In Canada, a team-based, hospital nursing care delivery model, known as Care Delivery Model Redesign (CDMR), redesigned a predominantly RN-based staffing model to a functional team consisting of fewer RNs and more LPNs. The scope of practice for LPNs was expanded, and unregulated health care assistants introduced. This study began from the standpoint of RNs and LPNs to understand their experiences working on redesigned teams by focusing on discourses activated in social settings...
January 2018: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410146/a-method-for-the-analysis-and-visualization-of-clinical-workflow-in-dynamic-environments
#6
Akshay Vankipuram, Stephen Traub, Vimla L Patel
The analysis of clinical workflow offers many challenges, especially in settings characterized by rapid dynamic change. Typically, some combination of approaches drawn from ethnography and grounded theory-based qualitative methods are used to develop relevant metrics. Medical institutions have recently attempted to introduce technological interventions to develop quantifiable quality metrics to supplement existing purely qualitative analyses. These interventions range from automated location tracking to repositories of clinical data (e...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403114/lessons-learnt-from-implementation-of-the-international-health-regulations-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Amitabh B Suthar, Lisa G Allen, Sara Cifuentes, Christopher Dye, Jason M Nagata
Objective: To respond to the World Health Assembly call for dissemination of lessons learnt from countries that have begun implementing the International Health Regulations, 2005 revision; IHR (2005). Methods: In November 2015, we conducted a systematic search of the following online databases and sources: PubMed®, Embase®, Global Health, Scopus, World Health Organization (WHO) Global Index Medicus, WHO Bulletin on IHR Implementation and the International Society for Disease Surveillance...
February 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396884/recognition-and-assessment-of-resident-deterioration-in-the-nursing-home-setting-a-critical-ethnography
#8
Bridget Laging, Amanda Kenny, Michael Bauer, Rhonda Nay
AIM: To explore the recognition and assessment of resident deterioration in the nursing home setting. BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research exploring how nurses and personal-care-assistants manage a deteriorating nursing home resident. DESIGN: Critical ethnography. METHODS: Observation and semi-structured interviews with 66 participants (residents, family, nurses, personal-care-assistants and general practitioners) in two Australian nursing homes...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385494/the-transition-to-retirement-experiences-of-academics-in-higher-education-a-meta-ethnography
#9
Mairead Cahill, Judith Pettigrew, Katie Robinson, Rose Galvin, Patricia C Heyn
Background and Objectives: There are increasing numbers of older academics working in Higher Education Institutions worldwide. It is essential that academics' retirement experiences are clearly understood as they tend to have different retirement trajectories than other occupational groups. This meta-ethnography aims to answer the research question "what are the experiences of academics transitioning to retirement" by identifying and synthesizing qualitative research using a meta-ethnographic approach...
January 27, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384422/the-impact-of-documentation-on-communication-during-patient-physiotherapist-interactions-a-qualitative-observational-study
#10
Veronika Schoeb, Amy Hiller
Documentation is an essential component of physiotherapy practice for clinical, legal, and ethical reasons. Research in other healthcare contexts suggests that documentation impacts upon communication in patient-practitioner interactions. Thus, the objective of this qualitative study was to examine how physiotherapists and their patients communicate during episodes of documentation. The research was informed by ethnomethodology and ethnography. In total, 113 patient-physiotherapist interactions were observed in Switzerland and Australia with video-recordings, audio-recordings, and field notes collected as data...
January 31, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381840/swimming-against-the-current-a-qualitative-review-of-the-work-experiences-and-adaptations-made-by-employees-with-arthritis
#11
R J Purc-Stephenson, Jessica Dostie, Hailey J Smith
OBJECTIVE: To describe the experiences and strategies of employees with arthritis (EwA) to maintain employment and to use this information to build a conceptual model. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies that examined the work experiences of EwA. Published studies on arthritis and employment were searched from electronic databases (1980-2017) and bibliographical reviews of relevant studies. We used meta-ethnography to synthesize the findings...
January 30, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371310/books-righteous-dopefiend-an-ethnography-of-homeless-heroin-users
#12
Khalil Hassanally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370730/shared-meanings-of-success-happiness-and-health-among-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-and-physiotherapists-implications-for-practice-and-research
#13
Mary E Gannotti, Yvette Blanchard, Lisa Blumberg, Diana LaRocco
PURPOSE: To describe shared meanings of success, happiness, and health of adults with cerebral palsy and physiotherapists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethnography employed open ended/semi-structured interviews and structured questionnaires (Satisfaction with Life Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II®, Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, Life Habits Questionnaire, Medical Outcomes Study-Social Support Survey, and PROMIS® Pain Interference Scale). Content analysis of qualitative data and principal components analysis of questionnaire responses identified shared meanings...
January 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368818/staff-experiences-of-double-duty-caring-at-home-and-at-work
#14
Carol Brindley
Many healthcare, social care and voluntary agency employees are carers at work and at home, a phenomenon referred to as double-duty caregiving. Using meta-ethnography, this article provides a synthesis of qualitative research by analysing the original words of the interviewees. A linguistic and metaphoric overview provides a deeper, richer picture of the experience of double-duty caring, revealing the sacrifices associated with being a carer at home while employed in a healthcare system, and the paradoxical effects of holding a position in both worlds simultaneously...
January 25, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364703/care-as-virtue-care-as-critical-frame-a-discussion-of-four-recent-ethnographies
#15
Carolyn Smith-Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357865/-deathbedlive-the-end-of-life-trajectory-reflected-in-a-cancer-patient-s-tweets
#16
Joanna Taylor, Claudia Pagliari
BACKGROUND: Understanding physical and psycho-social illness trajectories towards the end of life can help in the planning of palliative and supportive care. With terminal patients increasingly seeking and sharing health information and support via social media, it is timely to examine whether these trajectories are reflected in their digital narratives. In this exploratory study, we analysed the Twitter feed of prominent cancer sufferer and physician, Kate Granger, over the final 6 months of her life...
January 22, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355879/influence-of-teamwork-on-health-care-workers-perceptions-about-care-delivery-and-job-satisfaction
#17
Sherry Dahlke, Sarah Stahlke, Robin Coatsworth-Puspoky
The aim of the current study was to examine the nature of teamwork in care facilities and its impact on the effectiveness of care delivery to older adults and job satisfaction among health care workers. A focused ethnography was conducted at two care facilities where older adults reside. Analysis of interviews with 22 participants revealed perceptions of teamwork and understandings about facilitators of and barriers to effective teamwork. Participants indicated that team relationships impacted care provided and job satisfaction...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340515/-illegitimate-patients-undocumented-immigrants-access-to-health-care-in-chile
#18
Nanette Liberona Concha, Miguel Ángel Mansilla
In recent decades, Chile has become a destination for immigrants from other South American countries, which has significantly impacted public services - particularly the public health system - at the economic, social, and cultural levels. The aim of this paper is to provide substantiated information on issues concerning undocumented immigrants' access to health care in Chile. A qualitative methodology, fundamentally an ethnography of the clinical setting, was used. Results were then analyzed in relation to theories of power asymmetries and interethnic relations...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340508/-space-time-and-power-in-hospital-health-care-contributions-based-on-the-ethnography-of-an-obstetric-center
#19
María Guadalupe García, María Laura Recoder, Susana Margulies
This paper presents the results of an ethnographic study of an obstetric center within a hospital of Greater Buenos Aires and an analysis of the spatio-temporal dimension of hospital care. The fieldwork, carried out between 2007 and 2011, followed the everyday dynamics of the hospital and included observation in the obstetrics unit (waiting areas, the obstetric center where births and emergencies receive care, and the ambulatory care, ultrasound, and hospitalization rooms, among others) as well as spaces such as the appointments and statistics offices, the office of social services, the central hall, the pharmacy, and hallway waiting areas...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340506/-on-ethnographic-positions-in-the-anthropology-of-health-in-south-america
#20
María Epele
Ethnographies on health issues in populations that live in conditions of poverty, inequality and segregation have proliferated over the last decades in South America. The aim of this article is to problematize - preliminarily - certain patterns in the positions and relations of ethnographers with respect to study subjects and populations during their fieldwork and in the writing of study results. This paper examines the relationships between these ethnographic positions and the dominant theoretical perspectives in the region...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
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