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Ethnography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728760/adhd-and-everyday-life-healthcare-as-a-significant-lifeline
#1
Britt Laugesen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Rikke Jørgensen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Mette Grønkjær, Philippa Rasmussen
AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore parental experiences of how healthcare practices and healthcare professionals in hospital clinics in Denmark influence everyday life of parents with a child with ADHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: The methodology was focused ethnography. Participant observation and interviews were used as the primary data collection methods. Fifteen families of children with ADHD were included from somatic and psychiatric hospital clinics...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716994/diagnosis-and-management-of-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-in-general-practice-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#2
Elizabeth Ford, Suzanne Lee, Judy Shakespeare, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of women experience anxiety and depression during the perinatal period. In the UK, management of perinatal mental health falls under the remit of GPs. AIM: This review aimed at synthesising the available information from qualitative studies on GPs' attitudes, recognition, and management of perinatal anxiety and depression. DESIGN AND SETTING: Meta-synthesis of the available published qualitative evidence on GPs' recognition and management of perinatal anxiety and depression...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713144/toward-an-ethics-of-community-academic-partnership
#3
B J Crigger
Community-academic partnerships, which often form unexpectedly, can be time consuming, tedious, and sometimes awkward alliances, yet they arise out of perceived needs and can be fruitful. Putting aside hierarchy to explore such partnerships as communities themselves that seek to capitalize on the strengths, knowledge, and life experiences of each stakeholder can offer a fresh perspective for thinking about the ethics of community-academic partnerships. This commentary explores the partnerships detailed in the symposia through the lens of ethnography...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713092/-communicative-competence-and-physician-patient-relationship-in-aboriginal-health-care
#4
Elżbieta Zaniewicz
Modern society consists of people from all walks of life. This melting pot of cultures might be considered both enriching and problematic. In order to communicate successfully, society members should acquire some social skills specific to a given community or, in other words, develop their communicative competence. The aim of this paper is to examine the way extralinguistic knowledge can influence physician - patient relationship in Aboriginal Australian communities. The paper is concerned with not only reviewing fundamental principles of ethnography and communicative competence but also identifying the main cultural differences that may affect the quality of healthcare services...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702952/the-nurse-patient-relationship-as-a-story-of-health-enhancement-in-community-care-a-meta-ethnography
#5
REVIEW
Maria Strandås, Terese Bondas
AIM: To explore and improve our understanding of how nurse-patient relationships can enhance patients' health by synthesizing knowledge from published qualitative studies from both patients' and nurses' perspectives in community care. BACKGROUND: While primary research showing the health benefits of the nurse-patient relationship has been reported, this knowledge has not previously been synthesized. DESIGN: Meta-ethnography. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search of five relevant databases, without year limitation, was completed...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689979/assessing-the-functionality-of-temporary-isolation-rooms
#6
Brett G Mitchell, Anthony Williams, Zorana Wong
BACKGROUND: Challenges with limited single rooms and isolation facilities in hospitals have created an opportunity for temporary, portable isolation technology. This article describes the process used to evaluate the prototype of a new isolation room (RediRoom; CareStrategic Ltd, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia) that can be installed in existing hospital ward areas. Our aim is to assess the functionality of this new room, and in so doing, to evaluate the methods used. METHODS: We employed a mixed-methods approach involving video recording, interviews, and objective temperature and humidity measurements within a crossover interventional study...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677173/handing-over-patients-from-the-icu-to-the-general-ward-a-focused-ethnographical-study-of-nurses-communication-practice
#7
Gitte Bunkenborg, Tina Bitsch Hansen, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton
AIM: To explore nursing practice and perception of engaging in communicative interaction when handing over multi morbid patients from the ICU to general medical or surgical wards. BACKGROUND: Communication failures impose risks to patient safety. ICU and general ward nurses communicate in writing and verbally when handing over patients from one setting to another. A deeper understanding of nurses' communicative interaction and of nurses' perception of their interaction is crucial to facilitate clinical interventions focusing to improve patient safety...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670590/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-decision-making-on-the-type-of-delivery-questionnaire-in-iranian-women
#8
Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Maryam Zakerihamidi, Effat Merghati Khoei, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND: A tool which can help to decide on the determinants in selecting the delivery type is an effective step towards the goals of the World Health. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a scale based on Iranian culture to make decision on the type of delivery. METHODS: This is a methodological study using a questionnaire proposed by Schneider. The following steps were used to design the project. In the first step, perceptions and experiences of 45 pregnant women, postpartum women, midwives, gynecologists and non-pregnant women were determined based on interviews and observations using focused ethnography...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669109/perception-of-candomble-practitioners-about-herbal-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-cear%C3%A3-brazil
#9
Alexandre P Braga, Francisca Ilnar de Sousa, Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior, Marilyn Kay Nations, Adriana Rolim Campos Barros, Rosendo Freitas de Amorim
Candomble, a Brazilian religion of African origin that worships Orishas, promotes "healing" assistance during its worship rituals using therapy with plants and beliefs. From its ancestry tradition, the respect and beware with nature are expressed. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the perception of ethnoecology and health promotion among Candomble practitioners from a Candomble temple in the state of Ceará, Brazil. The ethnography was designed to allow greater immersion into the current mystique...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667549/exploring-the-influence-of-context-on-feedback-at-medical-school-a-video-ethnography-study
#10
L M Urquhart, J S Ker, C E Rees
Feedback in medical education is complicated by the multiple contexts within which learning occurs. However, feedback research in medical education has typically focused on information provided by tutors to students with limited exploration of the influence of context. This research seeks to address this gap by exploring the influence of multiple contexts upon feedback processes. Employing video-ethnography methodology we explored feedback in two common contexts for medical student learning: the simulated clinical environment and the medical workplace...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661375/barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-following-childbirth-literature-review-and-qualitative-study
#11
Linda Bauld, Hilary Graham, Lesley Sinclair, Kate Flemming, Felix Naughton, Allison Ford, Jennifer McKell, Dorothy McCaughan, Sarah Hopewell, Kathryn Angus, Douglas Eadie, David Tappin
BACKGROUND: Although many women stop smoking in pregnancy, others continue, causing harm to maternal and child health. Smoking behaviour is influenced by many factors, including the role of women's significant others (SOs) and support from health-care professionals (HPs). OBJECTIVES: To enhance understanding of the barriers to, and facilitators of, smoking cessation and the feasibility and acceptability of interventions to reach and support pregnant women to stop smoking...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655602/the-journey-from-pain-to-power-a-meta-ethnography-on-women-s-experiences-of-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean
#12
REVIEW
Hazel Keedle, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah Grace Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Vaginal birth after caesarean can be a safe and satisfying option for many women who have had a previous caesarean, yet rates of vaginal birth after caesarean remain low in the majority of countries. Exploring women's experiences of vaginal birth after caesarean can improve health practitioners' understanding of the factors that facilitate or hinder women in the journey to have a vaginal birth after caesarean. METHODS: This paper reports on a meta-ethnographic review of 20 research papers exploring women's experience of vaginal birth after caesarean in a variety of birth locations...
June 24, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653552/the-agency-of-patients-and-carers-in-medical-care-and-self-care-technologies-for-interacting-with-doctors
#13
Francisco Nunes, Tariq Andersen, Geraldine Fitzpatrick
People living with Parkinson's disease engage in self-care for most of the time but, two or three times a year, they meet with doctors to re-evaluate the condition and adjust treatment. Patients and (informal) carers participate actively in these encounters, but their engagement might change as new patient-centred technologies are integrated into healthcare infrastructures. Drawing on a qualitative study that used observations and interviews to investigate consultations, and digital ethnography to understand interactions in an online community, we describe how patients and carers living with Parkinson's participate in the diagnosis and treatment decisions, engage in discussions to learn about certain topics, and address inappropriate medication...
June 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644877/patient-experienced-burden-of-treatment-in-patients-with-multimorbidity-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-data
#14
Michael Rosbach, John Sahl Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize existing qualitative literature on patient-experienced burden of treatment in multimorbid patients. METHODS: A literature search identified available qualitative studies on the topic of burden of treatment in multimorbidity and meta-ethnography was applied as method. The authors' original findings were preserved, but also synthesized to new interpretations to investigate the concept of the burden of treatment using the Cumulative Complexity Model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640033/how-attending-physician-preceptors-negotiate-their-complex-work-environment-a-collective-ethnography
#15
Jane B Lemaire, Jean E Wallace, Peter M Sargious, Maria Bacchus, Kelly Zarnke, David R Ward, William A Ghali
PURPOSE: To generate an empiric, detailed, and updated view of the attending physician preceptor role and its interface with the complex work environment. METHOD: In 2013, the authors conducted a modified collective ethnography with observations of internal medicine medical teaching unit preceptors from two university hospitals in Canada. Eleven observers conducted 32 observations (99.5 hours) of 26 preceptors (30 observations [93.5 hours] of 24 preceptors were included in the analysis)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639276/construction-of-meaningful-identities-in-the-context-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-motherhood-and-paid-work-a-meta-ethnography
#16
REVIEW
Helle Feddersen, Tine Mechlenborg Kristiansen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Jette Primdahl
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To derive new conceptual understanding about how women with rheumatoid arthritis manage their illness, motherhood and paid work, based on a comprehensive overview of existing knowledge, gained from qualitative studies. BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis affects several social aspects of life; however, little is known about how women with rheumatoid arthritis simultaneously manage their illness, motherhood and paid work. DESIGN: Qualitative metasynthesis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629867/culture-shapes-nursing-practice-findings-from-a-new-zealand-study
#17
Ruth Crawford, Jane Stein-Parbury, Denise Dignam
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports research undertaken to investigate nurses' and parents' experiences of communication about parental emotions in a hospital setting, with a focus on the environmental and cultural context within which the communication occurs. METHODS: A focused ethnography was employed as the aims were to understand the context within which nurse-parent interaction takes place, by exploring cultural factors, such as ways of living affecting nursing communication...
June 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628524/experiences-of-non-specialist-nurses-caring-for-patients-and-their-significant-others-undergoing-transitions-during-palliative-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-systematic-review
#18
Hrønn Thorn, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Non-specialist nurses, who are providing palliative end-of-life cancer care to patients and significant others undergoing psychosocial and existential transitions, may experience dissatisfaction, frustration and sorrow. On the other hand, they may also experience happiness, increased knowledge and personal growth. OBJECTIVE/QUESTION: What are non-specialist nurses' experiences when providing palliative end-of-life cancer care that involves the psychosocial and existential transitions of their patients and significant others? INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review considered studies that included a description of the experiences of non-specialist trained registered nurses (RNs) working in non-specialist wards...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#19
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#20
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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