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Ethnography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207958/shared-care-requires-a-shared-vision-communities-of-clinical-practice-in-a-primary-care-setting
#1
Jessica Young, Tony Egan, Chrystal Jaye, Martyn Williamson, Anna Askerud, Peter Raude, Maree Penese
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To understand how a vision of care is formed and shared by patients and the primary care professionals involved in their care. BACKGROUND: To achieve the best health outcomes, it is important for patients and those who care for them to have a mutual understanding about what is important to the patient in their everyday life and why, and what care is necessary to realise this vision. Shared or team care does not necessarily translate to a consistent and integrated approach to a patient's care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207802/uptake-contexts-and-perceived-impacts-of-hiv-testing-and-counselling-among-adults-in-east-and-southern-africa-a-meta-ethnographic-review
#2
T Charles Witzel, Wezzie Lora, Shelley Lees, Nicola Desmond
INTRODUCTION: HIV testing and counselling (HTC) interventions are key to controlling the HIV epidemic in East and Southern Africa where HTC is primarily delivered through voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), provider initiated testing and counselling (PITC), and home-based counselling and testing (HBVCT). Decision making processes around uptake of HTC models must be taken into account when designing new interventions. Counselling in HTC aims to reduce post-test risk taking behaviour and to link individuals to care but its efficacy is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203452/observation-in-grounded-theory-and-ethnography-what-are-the-differences
#3
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour, Narjes Bahri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194883/understanding-process-and-context-in-breastfeeding-support-interventions-the-potential-of-qualitative-research
#4
Dawn Leeming, Joyce Marshall, Abigail Locke
Considerable effort has been made in recent years to gain a better understanding of the effectiveness of different interventions for supporting breastfeeding. However, research has tended to focus primarily on measuring outcomes and has paid comparatively little attention to the relational, organizational, and wider contextual processes that may impact delivery of an intervention. Supporting a woman with breastfeeding is an interpersonal encounter that may play out differently in different contexts, despite the apparently consistent aims and structure of an intervention...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188146/abortion-and-fertility-control-in-pakistan-the-role-of-misoprostol
#5
Harneet Chahal, Zubia Mumtaz
OBJECTIVE: To examine how availability of misoprostol has impacted women's abortion-seeking behaviour in Pakistan. DESIGN: Focused ethnography. SETTING: A facility providing reproductive health services, including induced abortions in Chakwal, a small town in Northern Punjab, Pakistan. POPULATION: Women who came to the clinic seeking an abortion or who had had one in the last 6 months (n=23) and all healthcare providers working in the facility (n=14)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186484/visible-minority-nurses-and-vertical-mobility-in-hospitals
#6
Naima Bouabdillah, Dave Holmes, Jocelyne Tourigny
Canada has experienced a significant change in its ethnic and cultural composition in recent decades. The sustained immigration from non-European countries has given rise to new generation of visible minorities. This new trend is clearly reflected in healthcare institutions. However, the number of visible minority nurses (VMN) is particularly low in management positions. This research adopting critical ethnography and postcolonial approach focuses on the career paths of VMN in Canadian healthcare institutions...
1, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185682/serving-on-a-hospital-board-a-case-study
#7
Angela Barron McBride
BACKGROUND: It is important for nurses to serve on hospital boards, largely to give voice to matters of quality and patient safety. PURPOSE: Describe what one nurse was able to accomplish on a statewide board over time as chair of the board's Quality and Patient Safety Committee. METHODS: The experience was analyzed using auto-ethnography and narrative analysis. DISCUSSION: After describing the organization, the paper summarizes the key issues on which the nurse took the lead, measures of success in the role, and learning acquired along the way...
December 27, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185337/understanding-the-information-needs-of-people-with-haematological-cancers-a-meta-ethnography-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-research
#8
REVIEW
K Atherton, B Young, P Salmon
Clinical practice in haematological oncology often involves difficult diagnostic and treatment decisions. In this context, understanding patients' information needs and the functions that information serves for them is particularly important. We systematically reviewed qualitative and quantitative evidence on haematological oncology patients' information needs to inform how these needs can best be addressed in clinical practice. PsycINFO, Medline and CINAHL Plus electronic databases were searched for relevant empirical papers published from January 2003 to July 2016...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180248/an-ethnography-of-health-promoting-faculty-in-a-thailand-university
#9
Somjai Sirakamon, Ratanawadee Chontawan, Thitinut Akkadechanun, Sue Turale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180119/nonemergent-patients-in-the-emergency-department-an-ethnographic-study
#10
Amir Mirhaghi, Abbas Heydari, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohsen Noghani Dokht Bahmani
BACKGROUND: Triage in the interactive atmosphere of the emergency department (ED) has been described as complex and challenging. Nonemergent ED visits have been accompanied by ethical and legal conflicts. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of ED nurses' practice regarding triage of nonemergent patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Focused micro-ethnography based on Spradley's developmental research sequence (DRS) was used...
September 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177857/end-of-life-care-in-nunavik-quebec-inuit-experiences-current-realities-and-ways-forward
#11
Shawn Renee Hordyk, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Paul Brassard
BACKGROUND: Increasing longevity for Inuit living in Nunavik, northern Quebec, has resulted in heightened rates of cancers and chronic diseases necessitating complex treatments. Consequently, end-of-life (EOL) care, once the domain of Inuit families and communities, has come to include professionalized healthcare providers with varying degrees of awareness of factors to consider in providing care to Inuit populations. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the factors shaping EOL care in Nunavik to support the development of a sustainable model of care...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169475/dealing-with-cancer-a-meta-synthesis-of-patients-and-relatives-experiences-of-participating-in-psychosocial-interventions
#12
REVIEW
B Hoeck, L Ledderer, H Ploug Hansen
The aim was to synthesise patients' and relatives' experiences of participating in a psychosocial intervention related to having cancer. The study was a meta-synthesis inspired by Noblit & Hare's 'meta-ethnography' approach. We systematically searched six databases and included 33 studies in the meta-synthesis. Inclusion criteria were qualitative studies with relevance to the synthesis topic. The meta-synthesis conceptualised the way in which participants develop their way of living with cancer, and the role psychosocial interventions play in helping them to live through the illness...
February 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168053/breastfeeding-supports-and-services-in-rural-hawaii-perspectives-of-community-healthcare-workers
#13
Jeanie L Flood
Background. In the state of Hawaii, breastfeeding initiation rates are higher than the national average but fall below target rates for duration. Accessing breastfeeding support services is challenging for mothers living in rural areas of the state. Healthcare workers (HCWs) working with mothers and infants are in a key position to encourage and support breastfeeding efforts. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of a Hawaiian community's (specifically Hilo, Hawai'i) breastfeeding service and support issues...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161675/understanding-seasonal-mobilities-health-and-wellbeing-to-sanya-china
#14
Lirong Kou, Honggang Xu, Kevin Hannam
Both the ageing of the Chinese population and elderly mobility impact on the Chinese social infrastructure, triggering challenges to maintain elderly wellbeing. This paper reflects on the notion that seasonal mobility promotes wellbeing, and explores how two crucial factors, namely, forced migration and health conditions, influence the relations between seasonal retirement mobility and wellbeing. This study analyses amenity-led seasonal retired mobilities to Sanya as a case study, and adopts and develops a conceptual framework for relations between mobility and wellbeing in terms of daily activity, sociality, and context through seasonal mobility...
January 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161672/finger-pricks-and-blood-vials-how-doctors-medicalize-cultural-solutions-to-demedicalize-the-broken-hymen-in-the-netherlands
#15
Sherria Ayuandini
This paper provides new perspectives on the scholarship on medicalization and demedicalization, building on an ethnography of hymenoplasty consultations in the Netherlands. By examining how doctors can play an active role in demedicalization, this paper presents novel insights into Dutch physicians' attempt to demedicalize the "broken" hymen. In their consultations, Dutch doctors persuade hymenoplasty patients to abandon the assumed medical definition of the "broken" hymen and offer nonmedical solutions to patients' problems...
January 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158953/immigrant-women-s-food-choices-in-pregnancy-perspectives-from-women-of-chinese-origin-in-canada
#16
Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom, Helen Valianatos, Janki Shankar, Jalal Safipour, Christina Davey
OBJECTIVE: Following migration, pregnant immigrant women may encounter social, cultural, and economic challenges that negatively affect their food choices and subsequent health outcomes. Culturally appropriate health care is crucial during the perinatal period to ensure the health of immigrant mothers and their children. This project aims to explore and understand how the health beliefs and practices of Chinese immigrant women affect their food choices during the perinatal period. DESIGN: This qualitative study used the methodology of focused ethnography...
February 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152916/defining-user-needs-for-an-electronic-tool-to-improve-chemotherapy-related-toxicity-management
#17
Laura Parente, Anthony Soung Yee, Melanie Powis, Katherine Enright, Sonal Gandhi, Eva Grunfeld, Rashida Haq, Amna Husain, Monika K Krzyzanowska
: 157 Background: Cancer drugs are associated with toxicities which can negatively impact patients' (pts) quality of life, outcomes and increase acute care use (ACU). There is increasing interest in leveraging technology to solve clinical problems in healthcare. We hypothesized that an electronic tool (toxicity module) targeting management of chemotherapy toxicities could decrease ACU by facilitating more effective symptom management. METHODS: Participatory design methodology consisting of end user needs assessment through ethnographic field study (shadowing and in-depth interviews) and focus groups was used to inform design of an interactive prototype toxicity module...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151559/an-ethnography-of-managing-emotions-when-talking-about-life-threatening-illness
#18
N E Ayers, V Vydelingum, A Arber
AIM: This ethnographic study was concerned with how dying patients, palliative care staff and family caregivers communicate about life-threatening illness in a palliative care setting in Ethiopia. BACKGROUND: Ethiopia, as a developing country, had few resources for caring for those requiring end-of-life care. However, palliative care was supported by local champions in Ethiopia and by the Federal Ministry of Health. INTRODUCTION: The disclosure of bad news was discouraged because it was believed that such disclosure may lead to unnecessary distress and to loss of hope...
February 2, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129754/health-endangering-everyday-settings-and-practices-in-a-rural-segregated-roma-settlement-in-slovakia-a-descriptive-summary-from-an-exploratory-longitudinal-case-study
#19
Andrej Belak, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Research into social root-causes of poor health within segregated Roma communities in Central and Eastern Europe, i.e. research into how, why and by whom high health-endangering settings and exposures are maintained here, is lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the local setup of health-endangering everyday settings and practices over the long-term in one such community. It is the initial part of a larger longitudinal study qualitatively exploring the social root-causes of poor Roma health status through the case of a particular settlement in Slovakia...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125420/an-ethnographically-informed-participatory-design-of-primary-healthcare-information-technology-in-a-developing-country-setting
#20
Nima Herman Shidende, Faraja Teddy Igira, Christina Margaret Mörtberg
Ethnography, with its emphasis on understanding activities where they occur, and its use of qualitative data gathering techniques rich in description, has a long tradition in Participatory Design (PD). Yet there are limited methodological insights in its application in developing countries. This paper proposes an ethnographically informed PD approach, which can be applied when designing Primary Healthcare Information Technology (PHIT). We use findings from a larger multidisciplinary project, Health Information Systems Project (HISP) to elaborate how ethnography can be used to facilitate participation of health practitioners in developing countries settings as well as indicating the importance of ethnographic approach to participatory Health Information Technology (HIT) designers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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