keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Personality changes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783244/some-features-of-the-behavior-of-alcohol-dependent-persons
#1
Ihor М Karpinets, Oksana V Marusyn
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Alcoholism is characterized by psychological dependence and changes in human behavior, which affects the person's relationship with the social environment. The aim: to determine the behavior of alcohol dependent persons basing on the retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of narcological offices of healthcare establishments and narcological clinic in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, 552 people being in follow-up by a narcologist as addicted or abused have been examined for a specially developed extended program based on a standardized AUDIT screening test...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783240/-effect-of-preventive-treatment-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Maria S Shorobura
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: cognitive, emotional and psychopathological changes play a significant role in the clinical picture of multiple sclerosis and influence the effectiveness of drug therapy, working capacity, quality of life, and the process of rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis. The aim: investigate the changes in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, such as information processing speed and working memory of patients before and after treatment with immunomodulating drug...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#3
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783216/-complex-of-psycho-hygienic-correction-measures-of-personality-features-of-hiv-infected-men-and-evaluation-of-their-efficiency
#4
Ihor V Serheta, Oksana B Dudarenko, Olha P Mostova, Tetiana V Lobastova, Vitalii M Andriichuk, Larysa M Vakolyuk, Olha M Yakubovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In addition to adequate diagnosis and treatment of HIV-infected individuals, development, scientific substantiation and implementation of psycho-hygienic measures aimed at correcting the processes of forming personality traits and improving the psycho-emotional state of HIV-infected individuals are of particular importance. The aim: The purpose of the scientific research was to determine the most significant changes of situational and personal anxiety indicators, the degree of gravity of the asthenic state and depressive manifestations that were recorded in the context of the introduction of a number of measures for psycho-hygienic correction...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783213/-socioecological-features-of-the-epidemiology-of-sarcoidosis-in-the-poltava-region-ukraine
#5
Dmytro M Boiko, Volodymyr H Pecherytsia, Oksana S Boiko, Svitlana M Kulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Lung sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect various organs and systems of a person. Due to the lack of a uniform standardized approach to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, the epidemiological pattern is heterogeneous and depends on many factors. The aim: To investigate the correlation between the number of patients with sarcoidosis among the population of the Poltava region (Ukraine) and the ecological characteristics of the industrial activity of the region in comparison with the data on the availability of subspecialists in respiratory diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#6
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782526/decreased-risk-of-pneumonia-in-stroke-patients-receiving-acupuncture-a-nationwide-matched-pair-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Chuen-Chau Chang, Ta-Liang Chen, Chao-Shun Lin, Chi-Li Chung, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chaur-Jong Hu, Hsin-Long Lane, Chien-Chang Liao, Chun-Chuan Shih
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture treatment is common among stroke patients, but there is limited information available on whether acupuncture effectively prevents post-stroke pneumonia. The aim of this study was to analyze the differential risk of pneumonia after stroke between patients who did and did not receive acupuncture after discharge. METHODS: We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched-pairs of new stroke patients in 2000-2004 who did and did not receive acupuncture post-stroke...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782516/how-a-smiley-protects-health-a-pilot-intervention-to-improve-hand-hygiene-in-hospitals-by-activating-injunctive-norms-through-emoticons
#8
Susanne Gaube, Dimitrios Tsivrikos, Daniel Dollinger, Eva Lermer
Hand hygiene practice in hospitals is unfortunately still widely insufficient, even though it is known that transmitting pathogens via hands is the leading cause of healthcare-associated infections. Previous research has shown that improving knowledge, providing feedback on past behaviour and targeting social norms are promising approaches to improve hand hygiene practices. The present field experiment was designed to direct people on when to perform hand hygiene and prevent forgetfulness. This intervention is the first to examine the effect of inducing injunctive social norms via an emoticon-based feedback system on hand hygiene behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782308/activation-of-herpes-simplex-infection-after-tattoo
#9
Antigona Begolli Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi, Merita Kotori, Aferdita Daka, Syzana Hapciu, Ilir Begolli, Mirije Begolli, Idriz Gerqari
Tattooing is a procedure where ink is applied to an area of the skin, mostly intraepidermally (1). This procedure is carried out mainly for aesthetic purposes. Lately, it has been used as a corrective medical procedure following amputation of mammilla. The procedure is aggressive (2), and the fact that skin is punctured many times with the same needle which cannot be fully sterilized may cause infection of the treated area with bacterial, fungal, or viral agents that may lead to health consequences manifesting in the form of verrucae vulgaris, molluscum contagiosum, and herpes simplex...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782304/role-of-in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-the-analysis-of-melanocytic-lesions
#10
Elena-Daniela Serban, Francesca Farnetani, Giovanni Pellacani, Maria Magdalena Constantin
Worldwide melanoma incidence and mortality are increasing (1). Despite the ongoing research, advanced melanoma is still incurable; therefore, the most appropriate solution seems to be early detection combined with complete surgical excision (2). Since the diagnostic protocol of suspicious lesions includes a complete excision with safety margins (2), the problem of unnecessary scarring is significant. The real challenge in this case is to have a properly formulated diagnosis before acquiring a biopsy. Currently available non-invasive techniques are coherence tomography, digital dermoscopy, and reflectance confocal microscopy...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782073/a-focus-group-study-exploring-student-nurse-s-experiences-of-an-educational-intervention-focuse-don-working-with-people-with-a-diagnosis-of-personality-disorder
#11
G Stacey, V Baldwin, B Thompson, A Aubeeluck
INTRODUCTION: Negative attitudes exist in practice towards those with a diagnosis of personality disorder. Preregistration training offers the opportunity to address this by developing understanding of the diagnosis, confidence in working with people with the diagnosis and empowering new nurses to challenge prevailing attitudes. Attempts to integrate and evaluate specific educational interventions of this nature into pre-registration nurse education have not been explored elsewhere. AIM: To explore preregistration nurses' experience of a programme of training focused on personality disorder and their perception of its influence on attitudes, understanding of clients and their experience of practice...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781456/how-can-a-personal-connection-build-confidence-in-your-graduate-nursing-journey
#12
Grace Tueffel
I wrapped my bright yellow stethoscope around my neck, pockets heavy with essential nursing tools and my clipboard clenched in my right hand. It was my first shift off orientation on the bone marrow transplantation unit at a teaching hospital in North Carolina. As I listened to the change-of-shift report, I felt my nerves on edge. I repeated "be the best nurse you can be" over and over in my head as I did my best to keep calm on that first day. That is what I remember from the first day and now, a few months later, I can reflect on what I learned and what "be the best nurse you can be" means to me...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781416/the-risk-of-rabies-spread-in-japan-a-mathematical-modelling-assessment
#13
H Kadowaki, K Hampson, K Tojinbara, A Yamada, K Makita
Rabies was eliminated from Japan in 1957. In the 60 years since elimination, vaccination coverage has declined and dog ownership habits have changed. The purpose of this study was to assess the current risk of rabies spread in Japan. A spatially explicit transmission model was developed at the 1 km2 grid scale for Hokkaido and Ibaraki Prefectures. Parameters associated with dog movement and bite injuries were estimated using historical records from Japan, and were used with previously published epidemiological parameters...
May 21, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781306/assessment-of-cognitively-stimulating-activity-in-a-spanish-population
#14
Manuel Morales Ortiz, Aaron Fernández
Theoretical models of active ageing and cognitive reserve emphasize the importance of leading an active life to delay age-related cognitive deterioration and maintain good levels of well-being and personal satisfaction in the elderly. The objective of this research was to construct a scale to measure cognitively stimulating activities (CSA) in the Spanish language. The sample consisted of a total of 453 older persons. The scale was constructed from a list of 28 items and validated using structural equation models...
May 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781149/supporting-advanced-dementia-in-people-with-down-syndrome-and-other-intellectual-disability-consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia
#15
M McCarron, P McCallion, A Coppus, J Fortea, S Stemp, M Janicki, K Wtachman
BACKGROUND: The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia (Glasgow, Scotland; October 2016) noted that advanced dementia can be categorised as that stage of dementia progression characterised by significant losses in cognitive and physical function, including a high probability of further deterioration and leading to death. METHOD: The question before the Summit was whether there were similarities and differences in expressions of advanced dementia between adults with intellectual disability (ID) and adults in the general population...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780874/the-personalized-alzheimer-s-disease-cortical-thickness-index-predicts-likely-pathology-and-clinical-progression-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#16
Annie M Racine, Michael Brickhouse, David A Wolk, Bradford C Dickerson
Introduction: An Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarker adjusted for age-related brain changes should improve specificity for AD-related pathological burden. Methods: We calculated a brain-age-adjusted "personalized AD cortical thickness index" (pADi) in mild cognitive impairment patients from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. We performed receiver operating characteristic analysis for discrimination between patients with and without cerebrospinal fluid evidence of AD and logistic regression in an independent sample to determine if a dichotomized pADi predicted conversion to AD dementia...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780861/the-relationship-between-recall-of-recently-versus-remotely-encoded-famous-faces-and-amyloidosis-in-clinically-normal-older-adults
#17
Irina Orlovsky, Willem Huijbers, Bernard J Hanseeuw, Elizabeth C Mormino, Trey Hedden, Rachel F Buckley, Molly LaPoint, Jennifer S Rabin, Dorene M Rentz, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling, Kathryn V Papp
Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients exhibit temporally graded memory loss with remote memories remaining more intact than recent memories. It is unclear whether this temporal pattern is observable in clinically normal adults with amyloid pathology (i.e. preclinical AD). Methods: Participants were asked to recall the names of famous figures most prominent recently (famous after 1990) and remotely (famous from 1960-1980) and were provided with a phonemic cue to ensure that memory failure was not purely due to verbal retrieval weaknesses...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780348/spatiotemporal-propagation-of-the-cortical-atrophy-population-and-individual-patterns
#18
Igor Koval, Jean-Baptiste Schiratti, Alexandre Routier, Michael Bacci, Olivier Colliot, Stéphanie Allassonnière, Stanley Durrleman
Repeated failures in clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease (AD) have raised a strong interest for the prodromal phase of the disease. A better understanding of the brain alterations during this early phase is crucial to diagnose patients sooner, to estimate an accurate disease stage, and to give a reliable prognosis. According to recent evidence, structural alterations in the brain are likely to be sensitive markers of the disease progression. Neuronal loss translates in specific spatiotemporal patterns of cortical atrophy, starting in the enthorinal cortex and spreading over other cortical regions according to specific propagation pathways...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780338/better-cognitive-performance-is-associated-with-the-combination-of-high-trait-mindfulness-and-low-trait-anxiety
#19
Satish Jaiswal, Shao-Yang Tsai, Chi-Hung Juan, Wei-Kuang Liang, Neil G Muggleton
There are several ways in which cognitive and neurophysiological parameters have been consistently used to explain the variability in cognitive ability between people. However, little has been done to explore how such cognitive abilities are influenced by differences in personality traits. Dispositional mindfulness and anxiety are two inversely linked traits that have been independently attributed to a range of cognitive functions. The current study investigated these two traits in combination along with measures of the attentional network, cognitive inhibition, and visual working memory (VWM) capacity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780334/an-innovative-framework-for-delivering-psychotherapy-to-patients-with-treatment-resistant-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-rationale-for-interactive-motion-assisted-therapy
#20
Marieke J van Gelderen, Mirjam J Nijdam, Eric Vermetten
Despite an array of evidence-based psychological treatments for patients with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a majority of patients do not fully benefit from the potential of these therapies. In veterans with PTSD, up to two-thirds retain their diagnosis after psychotherapy and often their disorder is treatment-resistant, which calls for improvement of therapeutic approaches for this population. One of the factors hypothesized to underlie low response in PTSD treatment is high behavioral and cognitive avoidance to traumatic reminders...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
41720
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"