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Betrayal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332560/social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-disclosure-a-qualitative-study-of-informal-support-dyads
#1
Katherine Lorenz, Sarah E Ullman, Anne Kirkner, Rupashree Mandala, Amanda L Vasquez, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir
This interview study examined 45 informal support dyads where sexual assault was disclosed. Analysis showed social reactions and appraisals of reactions varied by relationship type (family, friend, significant other). Themes identified were role reversal or "parentification" of supporters, reactions of anger and aggression toward perpetrators, supporters using their own trauma experiences to respond to survivors, and reactions of betrayal. Results revealed the potential for identifying relational patterns and dynamics occurring in social reactions through dyadic analysis not otherwise captured by a survivor-only perspective...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#2
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294935/intervening-in-a-sketchy-situation-exploring-the-moral-motivations-of-college-bystanders-of-sexual-assault
#3
Samuel C Gable, Sharon Lamb, Madeline Brodt, Leah Atwell
This mixed-methods research explored the moral motivations of undergraduates who identified as bystanders in a situation of potential sexual assault. In the quantitative analysis, we examined the difference between interveners and noninterveners with regard to their scores on the Moral Foundations Questionnaire-30 Item (MFQ-30), which considers five moral foundations from Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) of care/harm, fairness/cheating, loyalty/betrayal, authority/subversion, and sanctity/degradation, as well as measures of bystander attitudes (BAS-R) and rape-myth acceptance (IRMA, modified)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288343/psychological-outcomes-of-within-group-sexual-violence-evidence-of-cultural-betrayal
#4
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Cultural betrayal trauma theory is a new framework for understanding trauma-related mental health outcomes in immigrant and minority populations. The purpose of the current study is to empirically test cultural betrayal trauma theory. We hypothesized that the association between within-group sexual violence and mental health outcomes would be stronger for minorities. Participants (N = 368) were minority and majority college students, who completed online measures of sexual violence victimization and mental health outcomes...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287224/the-three-betrayals-of-the-medical-cannabis-growing-activist-from-multiple-victimhood-to-reconstruction-redemption-and-activism
#5
Axel Klein, Gary R Potter
While cannabis has been widely used in the UK for over 50 years, it is only in recent decades that domestic cultivation has become established. Public concern, media reporting and policing policy has emphasised the role of profit motivated criminal organisations often working on a large scale and with coerced labour. However, increasingly, another population are growing for medical reasons, to help themselves and others treat or manage difficult, poorly understood, or incurable conditions. Our study sought to further understand the motives, techniques and interactions of cannabis cultivators through interviews with 48 growers and supplementary ethnographic work...
December 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285758/overwhelmed-by-emotion-pathways-from-revictimization-to-mothers-negative-emotional-responsivity
#6
Christina Gamache Martin, Hyoun K Kim, Jennifer J Freyd
Maternal history of childhood abuse has consistently been linked to increased risk for poor emotional adjustment and parenting as an adult. The aim of this study was to examine a model that may explain the link between maternal history of childhood abuse and mothers' tendencies to respond negatively to their adolescent children's negative emotions. A community sample of 66 mothers with adolescent children participated. Path analysis supported associations between mothers with a history of high betrayal trauma revictimization (i...
December 29, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240538/pathways-to-infidelity-the-roles-of-self-serving-bias-and-betrayal-trauma
#7
Benjamin Warach, Lawrence Josephs, Bernard S Gorman
This study employed a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach to examine the interrelationships between the self-serving bias and various known predictors of infidelity. Specifically, we sought to generate a path model depicting how the following variables jointly predict sexual infidelity perpetration: (1) insecure attachment, (2) pathological narcissism, (3) sexual narcissism, (4) primary psychopathy, (5) self-serving attributions for retaliatory infidelity, and (6) sexual betrayal victimization. We developed a structural model describing various pathways to sexual infidelity perpetration based on these six variables...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235963/prevent-betrayal-by-predatory-publishers-trust-but-verify
#8
Kristine L Florczak
In this column, the concept of betrayal is considered as it relates to publishing. The definition of betrayal is discussed, followed by information regarding the cost of publishing and why this led to the formation of open access publishing as a remedy. The Gold and Green Open Access models are examined along with why they may have inadvertently set the stage for predatory publishing practices. Finally, information will be provided on how to spot and avoid betrayal on the part of predatory publishers.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235953/persistent-pain-nursing-perspectives
#9
Karen Carroll
Pain has diligently been regarded by scholars of different disciplines, and yet the experience of pain for patients and families can be minimized and relegated to a more perfunctory place. Pain, particularly persistent pain, warrants attention and to not fully attend to pain betrays and does not honor human dignity warranted by patients and families cared for within nursing and the larger healthcare community.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235951/with-a-kiss-betrayal
#10
Sandra Schmidt Bunkers
The author in this article explores theoretical perspectives on the humanbecoming ethical tenet of betrayal. Perspectives on betrayal include betrayal as a breach of promise, a betrayal continuum, betrayal as incidental and intentional, betrayal as moral injury, betrayal trauma, and the humanbecoming perspective of betrayal linked to feeling disappointed.
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235947/betrayal-in-teaching-learning-a-sword-in-the-heart
#11
Nan Russell Yancey
In this article, the human experience of betrayal is explored within teaching-learning, where trust might be expected and the notion of betrayal might seem counterintuitive. To gain insight into this experience, the unique perspectives of an undergraduate student, a graduate student, and a new faculty are considered through the stories they shared with the author about betrayal in teaching-learning. The humanbecoming paradigm provided a unique perspective to view these stories and explore the unlimited possibilities emerging when human dignity and freedom to choose are honored...
January 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225859/an-unusual-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-healthy-young-man
#12
Yoshiro Kobe
Appearances are deceptive. Prejudice sometimes will betray us. The key to making a diagnosis of infection with unknown focus is a focused interview and thorough physical examination. No special medical care is needed for transgender individuals, although medical staff should be aware that some individuals might have special requirements.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197226/tolerance-of-negative-emotion-moderates-the-amplification-of-mental-contamination-following-an-evoking-task-a-randomized-experimental-study
#13
Thomas A Fergus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contamination is a near universal feeling, with mental contamination representing a contamination feeling in the absence of direct physical contact with a source. Extant research indicates that tolerance of negative emotion is important for understanding emotional reactions to images, thoughts, and memories, all of which are common sources of mental contamination. Extending research linking distress tolerance to mental contamination, this study examined if individual differences in the tolerance of negative emotion moderates the amplification of mental contamination following an evoking task...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188546/the-treachery-trope-anti-semitism-as-indicative-of-a-psycho-spiritual-disease-associated-with-the-betrayal-of-cultural-ideals-and-of-the-self
#14
Ronald Glasberg
The study seeks to place anti-semitism in a wider context by exploring the dynamics of betrayal-a designation often attributed to Jews, but also attributed to many victimized groups who are also deemed to be treacherous. The study argues that what lies at the heart of this practice is the betrayal (on the part of the victimizers) of ideological or personal principles that have not been realized. Instead of taking responsibility for this painful failure, those who have betrayed their principles project their treachery onto a set of victims who are accordingly punished as the 'true' embodiments of treachery...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186679/functional-specialization-of-the-primate-frontal-lobe-during-cognitive-control-of-vocalizations
#15
Natalja Gavrilov, Steffen R Hage, Andreas Nieder
Cognitive vocal control is indispensable for human language. Frontal lobe areas are involved in initiating purposeful vocalizations, but their functions remain elusive. We explored the respective roles of frontal lobe areas in initiating volitional vocalizations. Macaques were trained to vocalize in response to visual cues. Recordings from the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and the pre-supplementary motor area (preSMA) revealed single-neuron and population activity differences...
November 28, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154599/negative-outcomes-after-morally-injurious-experiences-a-replication-and-extension
#16
Steven Lloyd Lancaster
OBJECTIVE: The current study replicates and extends a model of the relationship between morally injurious experiences, moral emotions, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Jordan, Eisen, Bolton, Nash, & Litz, 2017). The current study builds on this earlier work by including broader measures of moral emotions and by including an assessment of symptoms of depression. METHOD: An online survey, distributed using crowdsourcing software, was completed by 161 military veterans...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154593/shame-and-alienation-related-to-child-maltreatment-links-to-symptoms-across-generations
#17
Rebecca L Babcock Fenerci, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated associations between appraisals of shame and alienation related to mothers' own experiences of child maltreatment and symptoms across generations-in mothers themselves as well as their toddler/preschool-aged children. METHOD: Mothers who survived maltreatment (N = 113) with a child between the ages of 2 and 5 were recruited to participate in an online study on Maternal Coping, Attachment and Health. Mother participants completed a series of questionnaires, including those that asked about posttrauma appraisals of their own maltreatment experiences as well as their child's and their own mental health symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140560/negative-posttrauma-cognitions-mediate-the-association-between-morally-injurious-events-and-trauma-related-psychopathology-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#18
Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Denise S Zou, Blake S Schroedter, Niranjan S Karnik, Mark H Pollack, Alyson K Zalta
Exposure to potentially morally injurious events has been shown to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in military personnel. Few studies have examined factors that help to explain how potentially morally injurious events may contribute to the development of trauma-related psychopathology. Negative posttrauma cognitions are thought to play a role in the etiology of PTSD and depression following trauma; however, it is unclear whether more global beliefs about the self, others, and world play a role in the development of PTSD and depression due to morally injurious events...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127309/efficient-multiparty-quantum-key-agreement-with-collective-detection
#19
Wei Huang, Qi Su, Bin Liu, Yuan-Hang He, Fan Fan, Bing-Jie Xu
As a burgeoning branch of quantum cryptography, quantum key agreement is a kind of key establishing processes where the security and fairness of the established common key should be guaranteed simultaneously. However, the difficulty on designing a qualified quantum key agreement protocol increases significantly with the increase of the number of the involved participants. Thus far, only few of the existing multiparty quantum key agreement (MQKA) protocols can really achieve security and fairness. Nevertheless, these qualified MQKA protocols are either too inefficient or too impractical...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114864/the-multidimensional-politics-of-inequality-taking-stock-of-identity-politics-in-the-u-s-presidential-election-of-2016
#20
Leslie McCall, Ann Shola Orloff
Many Democrats hoped that a particular kind of identity politics - women's - would help Hillary Clinton win the White House. In the aftermath of the election, some commentators bemoaned the fact that a majority of white women had voted for Trump, and called it a kind of betrayal, underlining their expectation that women would naturally, on the basis of their gender identity, support a woman with women-friendly politics. Indeed, this kind of thinking about identity politics has been widespread with reference to a number of demographic groups...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
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