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Betrayal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775138/betrayal-in-nursing-recognizing-the-need-for-authentic-and-trusting-relationships
#1
Michelle Cleary, Stacey Wilson, Debra Jackson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771103/-an-introduction-to-the-thought-of-emmanuel-levinas-the-care-or-irreducible-worry-of-infinite-responsibility
#2
Philippe Svandra
Despite a particularly difficult approach, Emmanuel Levinas remains a philosopher who « speaks » quite naturally to caregivers. The reason is simple ; he is interested in an issue that has long been hidden in philosophy, but that directly affects care : vulnerability.However, it seems that his thinking has too often been watered down. By presenting it as a form of benevolent altruism, the radical, even subversive, aspect of the approach that he proposes to us is erased. Indeed, Levinassian responsibility is experienced first of all as a rupture, a violence that makes me the « hostage of others...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671731/when-is-advertising-a-plastic-surgeon-s-individual-brand-unethical
#3
Carly P Smith, Daniel George
Advertising a plastic surgery practice on social media is fraught with both practical and ethical challenges. We use an institutional betrayal framework to explore the range of potential harms to patient well-being while also considering the pitfalls of social media activity, especially marketing, for practitioners. We also give consideration to the relative benefits that such online patient-clinician relationships can provide. In our analysis, we draw on specific examples of plastic surgery procedures prominently featured on social media, including the Vampire Facelift® ...
April 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669641/-yellow-dirt-a-poisoned-land-and-the-betrayal-of-the-navajos
#4
Lucy Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669185/distinct-trauma-types-in-military-service-members-seeking-treatment-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#5
Brett T Litz, Ateka A Contractor, Charla Rhodes, Katherine A Dondanville, Alexander H Jordan, Patricia A Resick, Edna B Foa, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Jim Mintz, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Alan L Peterson
We examined the frequency of trauma types reported in a cohort of service members seeking treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and compared symptom profiles between types. In this observational study, 999 service members (9.2% women; Mage = 32.91 years; 55.6% White) were evaluated using a standardized assessment procedure to determine eligibility for clinical trials. Participants were evaluated for DSM-IV-TR-defined PTSD using the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview; all participants reported a Criterion A event...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662102/richard-gartner-understanding-the-sexual-betrayal-of-boys-and-men-the-trauma-of-sexual-abuse-and-healing-sexually-betrayed-men-and-boys-treatment-for-sexual-abuse-assault-and-trauma
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601288/emotional-numbing-symptoms-partially-mediate-the-association-between-exposure-to-potentially-morally-injurious-experiences-and-sexual-anxiety-for-male-service-members
#7
Arjun Bhalla, Elizabeth Allen, Keith Renshaw, Jessica Kenny, Brett Litz
Service members (SMs) returning from deployment are at risk of a range of sexual problems, some of which are thought to be related to psychological issues that may arise during deployment or combat. The current study sought to examine whether exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) was associated with sexual anxiety (SA) above and beyond combat exposure and whether any such association was mediated by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. These questions were tested using data from self-report surveys collected from 221 partnered male Army (Active Duty, National Guard, or Reserve) SMs at three separate time points...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581517/elia-kazan-s-america-america-a-message-for-america
#8
Merle Molofsky
Elia Kazan's 1963 film, America America is a tribute to the immigrant experience of his own forebears, and has relevance to the refugee crisis of today. In stark black and white cinematography, the film provides insight into the refugee-immigrant experience, personified in Stavros, a young man longing for freedom, obsessed with an idealized America. His hope and innocence cannot safeguard him. His memories of his happy childhood and loving family create idealizing transferences to a world of others who manipulate and betray him as he undertakes his quest...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565758/the-disorder-specific-psychological-impairment-in-complex-ptsd-a-flawed-working-model-for-restoration-of-trust
#9
Andreas Laddis
This article methodically gathers concepts and findings from related disciplines to propose that there is a fundamental, disorder-specific psychological impairment, which defines Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as etiologically different from simple PTSD. This impairment is a flawed working model for restoration of trust when one partner fears betrayal. This working model is legacy of childhood relationships with manipulative caretakers who kept the child powerless to test the trustworthiness of their reasons to break promises and to fail the child's expectations...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559673/pupil-dilation-reflects-the-time-course-of-emotion-recognition-in-human-vocalizations
#10
Manuel Oliva, Andrey Anikin
The processing of emotional signals usually causes an increase in pupil size, and this effect has been largely attributed to autonomic arousal prompted by the stimuli. Additionally, changes in pupil size were associated with decision making during non-emotional perceptual tasks. Therefore, in this study we investigated the relationship between pupil size fluctuations and the process of emotion recognition. Participants heard human nonverbal vocalizations (e.g., laughing, crying) and indicated the emotional state of the speakers as soon as they had identified it...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558670/the-effects-of-gender-personal-trauma-history-and-memory-continuity-on-the-believability-of-child-sexual-abuse-disclosure-among-psychologists
#11
Alexandra Page, Natalie M V Morrison
Gender, a personal history of trauma and attitudes towards continuous vs recovered memories of abuse significantly impact the believability of Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) disclosures in community samples. Yet, whether these variables influence the believability of CSA disclosure and subsequent clinical decisions made by practicing psychologists is underexplored. A vignette of trauma disclosure from a hypothetical adult client was presented via an online survey to 292 registered psychologists. Participants rated the believability of the disclosure, answered an open-ended item regarding treatment planning, and completed the Brief Betrayal Trauma Survey to measure personal trauma history...
March 17, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558282/the-keepers-the-stunning-illumination-of-a-cover-up-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-institutional-betrayal
#12
Bethany L Brand, Shawntel J Collins, Linda E McEwen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528102/moral-injury-process-and-its-psychological-consequences-among-israeli-combat-veterans
#13
Gadi Zerach, Yossi Levi-Belz
OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the link between exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS). We also aim to explore the mediating roles of depressive attributions, trauma-related guilt and shame, and self-disgust in the relationship between PMIEs and PTSS among combat veterans. METHOD: A volunteers' sample of 191 Israeli combat veterans responded to self-report questionnaires in a cross-sectional design study...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523199/the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-recent-stressors-and-depression-in-college-students-attending-a-south-african-university
#14
Sumaya Mall, Philippe Mortier, Lian Taljaard, Janine Roos, Dan J Stein, Christine Lochner
BACKGROUND: College students are at risk of depression. This risk may be increased by the experience of childhood adversity and/or recent stressors. This study examined the association between reported experiences of childhood adversity, recent stressors and depression during the last 12 months in a cohort of South African university students. METHODS: Six hundred and eighty-six first year students at Stellenbosch University in South Africa completed a health-focused e-survey that included items on childhood adversity, recent stressors and mood...
March 9, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518200/i-am-quitting-my-job-specialist-nurses-in-perioperative-context-and-their-experiences-of-the-process-and-reasons-to-quit-their-job
#15
Ann Lögde, Gudrun Rudolfsson, Roma Runesson Broberg, Anna Rask-Andersen, Robert Wålinder, Erebouni Arakelian
The lack of specialist nurses in operating theatres is a serious problem. The aim of this study was to describe reasons why specialist nurses in perioperative care chose to leave their workplaces and to describe the process from the thought to the decision. Twenty specialist nurses (i.e. anaesthesia, NA, and operating room nurses) from seven university- and county hospitals in Sweden participated in qualitative individual in-depth interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation. We identified four themes of reasons why specialist nurses quitted their jobs: the head nurses' betrayal and dismissive attitude, and not feeling needed; inhumane working conditions leading to the negative health effects; not being free to decide about one's life and family life being more important than work; and, colleagues' diminishing behaviour...
May 1, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509103/betrayal-of-the-body-group-approaches-to-hypo-sexuality-for-adult-female-sufferers-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#16
Agnes Wohl, Gregory W Kirschen
Hypo-sexuality, self-reported hypoactive sexual desire and/or sexual aversion, is a common symptom experienced by women who were victims of childhood sexual abuse. This symptom may be distressing to the patient herself, and may place strain on her romantic relationships in adulthood. Unfortunately, this problem often remains undiscussed between patient and provider, in part due to the provider's lack of comfort or knowledge regarding how best to address this issue. In this article, we explore several strategies that providers may employ in a group setting in order to help women realize their sexuality while minimizing untoward side effects such as feelings of guilt or shame, or flashbacks...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373420/institutional-betrayal-and-gaslighting-why-whistle-blowers-are-so-traumatized
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373419/institutional-betrayal-and-gaslighting-why-whistle-blowers-are-so-traumatized
#18
Kathy Ahern
Despite whistle-blower protection legislation and healthcare codes of conduct, retaliation against nurses who report misconduct is common, as are outcomes of sadness, anxiety, and a pervasive loss of sense of worth in the whistle-blower. Literature in the field of institutional betrayal and intimate partner violence describes processes of abuse strikingly similar to those experienced by whistle-blowers. The literature supports the argument that although whistle-blowers suffer reprisals, they are traumatized by the emotional manipulation many employers routinely use to discredit and punish employees who report misconduct...
January 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332560/social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-disclosure-a-qualitative-study-of-informal-support-dyads
#19
Katherine Lorenz, Sarah E Ullman, Anne Kirkner, Rupashree Mandala, Amanda L Vasquez, Rannveig Sigurvinsdottir
This interview study examined 45 informal support dyads where sexual assault was disclosed. Analysis showed social reactions and appraisals of reactions varied by relationship type (family, friend, significant other). Themes identified were role reversal or "parentification" of supporters, reactions of anger and aggression toward perpetrators, supporters using their own trauma experiences to respond to survivors, and reactions of betrayal. Results revealed the potential for identifying relational patterns and dynamics occurring in social reactions through dyadic analysis not otherwise captured by a survivor-only perspective...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#20
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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