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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#1
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377470/mesh-implant-review-is-a-betrayal-say-campaigners
#2
Bryan Christie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370818/moral-injury-in-u-s-combat-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#3
Blair E Wisco, Brian P Marx, Casey L May, Brenda Martini, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Combat exposure is associated with increased risk of mental disorders and suicidality. Moral injury, or persistent effects of perpetrating or witnessing acts that violate one's moral code, may contribute to mental health problems following military service. The pervasiveness of potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among U.S. combat veterans, and what factors are associated with PMIEs in this population remains unknown. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a contemporary and nationally representative survey of a population-based sample of U...
March 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370194/bone-marrow-adipose-tissue-the-first-40-years
#4
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332952/dying-for-love-an-attachment-problem-with-some-perpetrator-introjects
#5
Valerie Sinason
This paper focuses on some problematic victim-perpetrator dynamics in psychotherapy with patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder where there has been longstanding multi-perpetrator organized abuse described, which also involves family members. Additionally, in this specific sample, there have been reported experiences of serious assaults from attachment figures in which the patient felt close to death. The clinical concern is expressed that only in the nearness of death is a connection felt to the attachment figure and this leads to extra suicidality in the patient and extra vulnerability to secondary traumatization for the therapist...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#6
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300483/victim-perpetrator-dynamics-through-the-lens-of-betrayal-trauma-theory
#7
Kerry L Gagnon, Michelle Seulki Lee, Anne P DePrince
Interpersonal trauma exposure is linked with a host of seemingly disparate outcomes for victims, such as psychological distress, post-trauma appraisals (e.g., alienation, shame), poor cognitive functioning, expectations of harm in relationships, and revictimization risk. The presence of interpersonal trauma alone may not fully explain this range of outcomes. The current paper applies Betrayal Trauma Theory (BTT), which was originally articulated two decades ago as a framework for understanding memory disruptions following interpersonal trauma, as a framework to understand the diverse outcomes that can occur when interpersonal trauma is perpetrated by a close other...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#8
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259210/cultural-ecological-theory-of-academic-disengagement-used-to-explain-a-story-of-race-culture-and-education
#9
Boluwaji Ogunyemi
Students of African ancestry often share an experience of being a racialized minority in the context of the educational institution. Late Professor of Anthropology John Ogbu's Cultural-ecological Theory of Academic Disengagement is employed to describe the negative responses encountered by peers in the name of academic achievement. The late Nigerian-American anthropologist John Ogbu described that it is often socially disadvantageous for black youth to prosper academically in formal education. Black students are often seen as betraying their cultural identities by aspiring to academic success and scholastic achievement and are met with repugnance by black peers...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217971/posttraumatic-growth-in-relationally-betrayed-women
#10
Deb Laaser, Heather L Putney, Matthew Bundick, David L Delmonico, Elizabeth J Griffin
The research literature on relational betrayal in a committed relationship has focused on the resulting trauma from the betrayal; however, few studies investigated the potential for posttraumatic growth following a relational betrayal. This study investigated the presence of posttraumatic growth in relationally betrayed women. The research focused on women's perceptions of the relational betrayal, and factors that facilitated posttraumatic growth. Results indicated relationally betrayed women perceived the betrayal as a traumatic event, to the extent that some met criteria for PTSD diagnosis...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195013/betrayal-trauma-in-youth-and-negative-communication-during-a-stressful-task
#11
Vanessa M Jacoby, Elisa Krackow, Joseph R Scotti
Attachment-based theories and related research illustrate that emotion regulation develops in the context of a secure relationship between a child and caregiver. When a secure bond is broken, such as in the context of betrayal trauma, children fail to develop necessary emotion regulation skills which can lead to an array of relational problems. The current study examined the relations between betrayal trauma history, type of communication during a stressful interpersonal laboratory task, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of trauma-exposed adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193453/energy-and-the-alzheimer-brain
#12
REVIEW
Mortimer Mamelak
The high energy demands of the poorly myelinated long axon hippocampal and cortical neurons render these neurons selectively vulnerable to degeneration in Alzheimer's disease. However, pathology engages all of the major elements of the neurovascular unit of the mature Alzheimer brain, the neurons, glia and blood vessels. Neurons present with retrograde degeneration of the axodendritic tree, capillaries with string vessels and markedly reduced densities and glia with signs of inflammatory activation. The neurons, capillaries and astrocytes of the mature Alzheimer brain harbor structurally defective mitochondria...
April 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145812/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-fear-of-abandonment-moderate-the-relation-of-intimate-partner-violence-to-severity-of-dissociation
#13
Noga Zerubavel, Terri L Messman-Moore, David DiLillo, Kim L Gratz
Betrayal trauma theory proposes a relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) and dissociation, suggesting that dissociation among victims of IPV may function to restrict awareness of abuse in order to preserve attachments perceived as vital. We investigated two factors that may moderate the relation between IPV and dissociation-childhood sexual abuse (CSA) severity and fear of abandonment-among 348 women currently in a relationship. The relation between frequency of IPV (sexual and physical) and dissociation (amnesia and depersonalization) was moderated by CSA severity and fear of abandonment...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069861/the-fine-line-between-doctoring-and-dealing
#14
Pooja Lagisetty
To treat a patient with addiction, a physician must overcome feelings of frustration and betrayal.
January 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068142/distinguishing-war-related-ptsd-resulting-from-perpetration-and-betrayal-based-morally-injurious-events
#15
Alexander H Jordan, Ethan Eisen, Elisa Bolton, William P Nash, Brett T Litz
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) during a combat deployment may lead to PTSD through distinct pathways from danger-based events. We also examined the prevalence of perpetration-based PMIEs, during which service members behaved in ways that violated their own moral values, and betrayal-based PMIEs, during which personal moral expectations were violated by trusted others. METHOD: Using a sample of 867 active duty Marines from a single infantry battalion that engaged in heavy ground combat while deployed to Afghanistan, a structural equation model was built to examine the relationships between perpetration- and betrayal-based PMIEs, combat experiences, and peritraumatic dissociation reported at 1 month postdeployment, and guilt/shame, anger, and PTSD symptoms reported at 8 months postdeployment...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018048/childhood-personality-betrayal-trauma-and-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-adulthood-a-lifespan-perspective-on-conscientiousness-and-betrayal-traumas-as-predictors-of-a-biomarker-of-cellular-aging
#16
Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson, Hélène C F Côté, Patrick L Hill, Bridget Klest
Conscientiousness is associated with longevity. As such, identifying the biological pathways linking personality to mortality is important. This study employs longitudinal data spanning >40 years to test prospective associations with Leukocyte Telomere Length (LTL), a potential marker of cellular aging. Because telomeres shorten over time, and are sensitive to oxidative stress, shorter LTL may reflect cumulative damage associated with negative health behaviors and past stressful events. We investigated childhood conscientiousness as a protective factor, expecting an association with longer LTL in adulthood, possibly reflecting slower LTL shortening...
September 2016: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929308/sex-differences-in-the-appraisal-of-traumatic-events-and-psychopathology
#17
Justyna Kucharska
OBJECTIVE: The current study is an investigation of the relationship between the appraisal of traumatic events and mental disorder symptoms: internalizing symptoms and externalizing/substance-abuse symptoms. Cumulative trauma over the lifetime was taken into account. Also, specific effects related to traumatic events of various types (i.e., betrayal trauma, accident involving a family member, physical violence, and natural disaster) were assessed. Participants, 190 young men and 277 young women, were asked to evaluate the strength with which the traumatic event impacted their lives...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918969/isolating-effects-of-moral-injury-and-low-post-deployment-support-within-the-u-s-military
#18
Claire Houtsma, Lauren R Khazem, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis
Suicide rates within U.S. military components, particularly the National Guard, are significantly higher than the general population suicide rate. To better understand and prevent suicide within this population, we must identify mechanisms of risk contributing to these discrepancies. One risk factor relevant to military service is moral injury, a term for experiences that violate one's moral beliefs. Using a series of hierarchical multiple regressions, the current study examined the moderating role of post-deployment social support on the association between moral injury (self-transgressions, other-transgressions, and betrayal) and thwarted belongingness among military personnel...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903795/how-can-professionals-carry-out-recognition-towards-children-of-parents-with-alcohol-problems-a-qualitative-interview-study
#19
Anne Werner, Kirsti Malterud
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore informal adult support experienced by children with parental alcohol problems to understand how professionals can show recognition in a similar way. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative interview study with retrospective accounts from nine adults growing up with problem-drinking parents. Data were analysed with systematic text condensation. Goffman's concept "frame" offered a lens to study how supportive situations were defined and to understand opportunities and limitations for translation of recognition acts and attitudes to professional contexts...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741465/first-onset-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours-in-college
#20
P Mortier, K Demyttenaere, R P Auerbach, P Cuijpers, J G Green, G Kiekens, R C Kessler, M K Nock, A M Zaslavsky, R Bruffaerts
BACKGROUND: College students are a worldwide increasing group of young people at risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STB). However, no previous studies have prospectively investigated the first onset of STB during the college period. METHODS: Using longitudinal data from the Leuven College Surveys, 2337 (response rate [RR]=66.6%) incoming freshmen provided baseline data on STB, parental psychopathology, childhood-adolescent traumatic experiences, 12-month risk for mental disorders, and 12-month stressful experiences...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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