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Betrayal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617143/does-ethno-cultural-betrayal-in-trauma-affect-asian-american-pacific-islander-college-students-mental-health-outcomes-an-exploratory-study
#1
Jennifer M Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal trauma has deleterious effects on mental health (1) , with college students experiencing relatively high rates of lifetime trauma (2) . Asian American/Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have the lowest rate of mental health care utilization (4) . According to cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) (9, 10, 11) , societal inequality may impact within-group violence in minority populations, thus having implications for mental health. In the current exploratory study, between-group (interracial) and within-group (ethno-cultural betrayal) trauma and mental health outcomes were examined in AAPI college students...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604018/resisting-temptation-for-the-good-of-the-group-binding-moral-values-and-the-moralization-of-self-control
#2
Marlon Mooijman, Peter Meindl, Daphna Oyserman, John Monterosso, Morteza Dehghani, John M Doris, Jesse Graham
When do people see self-control as a moral issue? We hypothesize that the group-focused "binding" moral values of Loyalty/betrayal, Authority/subversion, and Purity/degradation play a particularly important role in this moralization process. Nine studies provide support for this prediction. First, moralization of self-control goals (e.g., losing weight, saving money) is more strongly associated with endorsing binding moral values than with endorsing individualizing moral values (Care/harm, Fairness/cheating)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588957/spiritual-issues-of-people-living-and-dying-with-advanced-heart-failure-in-kenya-a-qualitative-serial-interview-study
#3
Kellen N Kimani, Scott A Murray, Liz Grant
BACKGROUND: Exploring patients' spiritual issues is vital for informing holistic care. The spiritual concerns of patients living and dying with advanced heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa remains unknown. Our aim was to describe spiritual issues in the context of the lived experiences of patients with heart failure in Kenya. METHODS: We purposively recruited 18 patients admitted with advanced heart failure at a rural district hospital in Kenya. We conducted serial in-depth interviews with patients at 0, 3 and 6 months after recruitment...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586671/trends-and-frontiers-for-the-science-and-management-of-the-oceans
#4
EDITORIAL
Peter J Mumby
People have an enduring fascination with the biology of the oceans. When the BBC's 'Blue Planet' series first aired on British television almost a quarter of the nation tuned in. As the diversity of science in this special issue of Current Biology attests, the ocean presents a challenging environment for study while also exhibiting some of the most profound and disruptive symptoms of global change. Marine science has made major advances in the past few decades, which were primarily made possible through important technological innovations...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583026/a-prolonged-antibiotic-protocol-to-treat-persistent-chlamydophila-pneumoniae-infection-improves-the-extracranial-venous-circulation-in-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Paul Thibault, John Attia, Chris Oldmeadow
Objective Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a condition associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). One mechanism that has been proposed is that the venous obstructions found in MS are due to a chronic persistent venulitis caused by the intra-cellular bacterial parasite, Chlamydophila pneumoniae (Cpn). The objective of the current study is to determine the effect of a combined antibiotic protocol (CAP) on the venous flow in MS patients as measured by a quantitative duplex ultrasound examination (QDUS)...
January 1, 2017: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569650/high-betrayal-child-sexual-abuse-and-hallucinations-a-test-of-an-indirect-effect-of-dissociation
#6
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Though hallucinations traditionally have been conceptualized as a central feature of psychosis, some hallucinations may be dissociative, with dissociation potentially contributing to hallucinations. Childhood trauma has been linked with dissociation and hallucinations. Betrayal trauma theory distinguishes abusive experiences based on closeness to the perpetrator. In the current study, we examined the indirect effect of dissociation on the relationship between high betrayal child sexual abuse (perpetrated by a close other) and hallucinations...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569521/how-dispositional-social-risk-seeking-promotes-trusting-strangers-evidence-based-on-brain-potentials-and-neural-oscillations
#7
Yiwen Wang, Yiming Jing, Zhen Zhang, Chongde Lin, Emilio A Valadez
Trust is a risky social decision because betrayal may occur. It's not clear how individual differences in social risk-seeking propensity modulate brain processes of trusting strangers. We examined event-related potentials and time-frequency power to investigate this question while 40 participants played the one-shot trust game. Twenty high social risk-seekers (HSR) and 20 low social risk-seekers (LSR) made trusting or distrusting decisions regarding unknown trustees while their electroencephalogram activity was recorded...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557468/differentiating-the-everyday-emotion-dynamics-of-borderline-personality-disorder-from-major-depressive-disorder-and-bipolar-disorder
#8
Malek Mneimne, William Fleeson, Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold, R Michael Furr
A major barrier to the understanding of emotion dynamics in borderline personality disorder (BPD) lies in its substantial comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Whereas BPD has often been characterized in terms of dynamic emotional processes, including instability, reactivity, and inertia, its substantial comorbidity with MDD and BD makes it difficult to discern the specificity of these dynamics. To differentiate the emotion dynamics of BPD from those of MDD and BD, an experience sampling study of 38 participants with BPD, 15 participants with MDD, 14 participants with BD, and 62 healthy controls obtained reports of interpersonal challenges and emotions 5 times daily for 2 weeks...
May 29, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557181/-i-don-t-want-to-look-like-an-aids-victim-a-new-zealand-case-study-of-facial-lipoatrophy
#9
Gillian Abel, Lee Thompson
The development of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to treat HIV has turned what was once a death sentence into a chronic disorder. However, a focus on absence of disease in the form of an undetectable viral load and the dismissal of the so-called "cosmetic" complications of the disease ignores perceptions of health and well-being of those living with HIV. Facial lipoatrophy is a stigmatising side effect of treatment for HIV as it betrays the presence of the virus within the body. The study took a longitudinal qualitative approach, interviewing 11 people twice over a period of 1 year on their experience of living with HIV...
May 29, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526912/moral-injury-and-definitional-clarity-betrayal-spirituality-and-the-role-of-chaplains
#10
Timothy J Hodgson, Lindsay B Carey
This article explores the developing definition of moral injury within the current key literature. Building on the previous literature regarding 'Moral Injury, Spiritual Care and the role of Chaplains' (Carey et al. in JORH 55(4):1218-1245, 2016b. doi: 10.1007/s10943-016-0231-x ), this article notes the complexity that has developed due to definitional variations regarding moral injury-particularly with respect to the concepts of 'betrayal' and 'spirituality'. Given the increasing recognition of moral injury and noting the relevance and importance of utilizing a bio-psycho-social-spiritual model, this article argues that betrayal and spirituality should be core components for understanding, defining and addressing moral injury...
August 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508300/the-symbolic-nature-of-trust-in-heterosexual-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#11
Jerika C Norona, Deborah P Welsh, Spencer B Olmstead, Chloe F Bliton
Trust contributes to young people's capacity for sustaining current and future successful relationships. To date, research has yet to examine the meaning of trust in early dating relationships and reasons for its deterioration. The present study focused on video-recorded conversations about trust between 34 heterosexual adolescent couples in dating relationships living in the U.S. Transcripts from these conversations were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis to identify adolescents' meanings of trust and reasons they provided for a lack of trust in their romantic partners...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488261/use-of-tramadol-in-psychiatric-care-a-comprehensive-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#12
Ansgar Rougemont-Bücking, Franziska Gamma, Jaak Panksepp
Tramadol is widely prescribed for treating acute and chronic forms of pain. It is a weak mu-receptor opioid agonist and also increases concentrations of serotonin and noradrenaline within the limbic system of the brain. The therapeutic range of tramadol is relatively wide. Compared with other opioid agonists, there is little risk for developing tolerance and for abuse. Recent models of depression emphasise the subjective experience of a depressive mood as being, in part, a psychologically painful state. It is well established that psychological stress due to social separation/loss, disruption or be-trayal of pre-existent significant interpersonal bonds is mediated by the activation of the mammalian PANIC (separation-distress) system...
May 10, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471335/do-participants-detect-sexual-abuse-depicted-in-a-drawing-investigating-the-impact-of-betrayal-trauma-exposure-on-state-dissociation-and-betrayal-awareness
#13
Robyn L Gobin, Jennifer Freyd
An inability to identify betrayal may increase risk for victimization. Harm perpetrated by close others early in life may impair the ability to identify betrayal and develop trust. Dissociation may facilitate impaired betrayal awareness. The present study examined the impact of high betrayal trauma on state dissociation and betrayal awareness in a college sample (N = 216). Self-report measures were used to assess trauma history and state dissociation. Awareness for betrayal was measured using a drawing depicting an ambiguous interpersonal interaction between an adult and a child...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435281/first-do-no-harm-institutional-betrayal-and-trust-in-health-care-organizations
#14
Carly Parnitzke Smith
PURPOSE: Patients' trust in health care is increasingly recognized as important to quality care, yet questions remain about what types of health care experiences erode trust. The current study assessed the prevalence and impact of institutional betrayal on patients' trust and engagement in health care. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Participants who had sought health care in the US in October 2013 were recruited from an online marketplace, Amazon's Mechanical Turk. Participants (n = 707; 73% Caucasian; 56...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418117/articulating-the-ideal-50-years-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-medical-education
#15
Elise Paradis, Mandy Pipher, Carrie Cartmill, J Cristian Rangel, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Health care delivery and the education of clinicians have changed immensely since the creation of the journal Medical Education. In this project, we seek to answer the following three questions: How has the concept of collaboration changed over the past 50 years in Medical Education? Have the participants involved in collaboration shifted over time? Has the idea of collaboration itself been transformed over the past 50 years? METHODS: Starting from a constructionist view of scientific discourse, we used directed content analysis to sample, code and analyse 144 collaboration-related articles over the 50-year life span of Medical Education...
April 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377470/mesh-implant-review-is-a-betrayal-say-campaigners
#16
Bryan Christie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370818/moral-injury-in-u-s-combat-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#17
Blair E Wisco, Brian P Marx, Casey L May, Brenda Martini, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Combat exposure is associated with increased risk of mental disorders and suicidality. Moral injury, or persistent effects of perpetrating or witnessing acts that violate one's moral code, may contribute to mental health problems following military service. The pervasiveness of potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among U.S. combat veterans, and what factors are associated with PMIEs in this population remains unknown. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a contemporary and nationally representative survey of a population-based sample of U...
March 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370194/bone-marrow-adipose-tissue-the-first-40-years
#18
EDITORIAL
Beate Lanske, Clifford Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332952/dying-for-love-an-attachment-problem-with-some-perpetrator-introjects
#19
Valerie Sinason
This paper focuses on some problematic victim-perpetrator dynamics in psychotherapy with patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder where there has been longstanding multi-perpetrator organized abuse described, which also involves family members. Additionally, in this specific sample, there have been reported experiences of serious assaults from attachment figures in which the patient felt close to death. The clinical concern is expressed that only in the nearness of death is a connection felt to the attachment figure and this leads to extra suicidality in the patient and extra vulnerability to secondary traumatization for the therapist...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300493/mother-child-incest-psychosis-and-the-dynamics-of-relatedness
#20
Joan Haliburn
Sexual abuse perpetrated by a parent particularly the mother creates turmoil in the child who has to depend on the very person who betrays their trust. A review of the literature confirms that there are only a few case studies of mother-child incest reported in the psychoanalytic literature; the incidence of such incest, however, is unknown. Considerably, more information is available in the forensic and child abuse literatures along with an increase in research; yet, there is a paucity of data. Child sexual abuse by women as highly prevalent is described in early societies, and that there is a bias in peoples' minds about the capacity of females to sexually abuse children is raised by many writers...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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