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.head trauma

C M S Hassing, T F Tvedskov, N Kroman, T L Klausen, J B Drejøe, J F Tvedskov, T-L Lambine, H Kledal, G Lelkaitis, L Langhans
BACKGROUND: Radioactive seed localisation (RSL) is a preoperative localisation method using a small titanium seed containing iodine-125. The method is increasingly applied for localising non-palpable lesions in the treatment of breast cancer. We believe that RSL has the potential to be used in various surgical specialties. The aim of this feasibility study was to test RSL as a preoperative localisation of non-palpable lymph nodes. METHODS: Between November 24, 2015 and October 26, 2016, 15 patients with suspicious lymph nodes on imaging were included in the study...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Amer Afaneh, Jennifer Ford, Jenna Gharzeddine, Alexandre Mazar, R David Hayward, Joseph Buck
OBJECTIVE: To determine the likelihood that head injured patients on Warfarin with a negative initial head CT will have a positive repeat head CT. A retrospective chart review of our institution's trauma registry was performed for all patients admitted for blunt head trauma and on Warfarin anti-coagulation from January 2009 to April 2014. Inclusion criteria included patients over 18 years of age with initial GCS ≥ 13, INR greater than 1.5 and negative initial head CT. Initial CT findings, repeat CT findings and INR were recorded...
March 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
T D Reid, P D Strassle, J Gallaher, J Grudziak, C Mabedi, A G Charles
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a large contributor to morbidity and mortality in developing countries. We sought to determine which anatomic injury locations and mechanisms of injury predispose to prehospital mortality in Malawi to help target preventive and therapeutic interventions. We hypothesized that head injury would result in the highest prehospital mortality. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all trauma patients presenting to Kamuzu Central Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi, from 2008 to 2015...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Jing Li Huang, Theo A Woehrle, Pat Conway, Catherine A McCarty, Madeline M Eyer, Steven D Eyer
PURPOSE: In 2007, Essentia Health St. Mary's Medical Center (SMMC), a Level II trauma center in northeastern Minnesota, implemented a protocol for patients who presented with blunt head trauma and were receiving warfarin for anticoagulation. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of early delayed, warfarin-associated intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: Adult patients with signs and symptoms of head injury on warfarin who were admitted by protocol to SMMC between March 2007 and June 2015 were included...
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Tao Jiang, Lin Jiang, Jun-de Shi, Yong-Ge Jiang, Du-Liang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the treatment skill and clinical effect of bone setting manipulation in treating proximal humeral fracture with shoulder dislocation. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2015, 118 cases of proximal humeral fractures with shoulder joint dislocation were treated by bone setting reduction and fixation with adhesive tape or Kirschner wire after reduction, including 56 males and 62 females with an average age of 61 years old ranging from 48 to 88 years old...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Ying-Zhou Li, Feng Ye, Lei Wan, Yong-Bo Yang, Yuan-Sheng Chen, Xiao Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preliminary effects of modified percutaneous compression plate in treating femoral neck fractures of Pauwels type III. METHODS: From March 2012 to March 2016, 35 patients with femoral neck fracture were treated by closed reduction and internal fixation with a modified percutaneous compression plate, including 21 males and 14 females with an average age of 45 years old ranging from 23 to 62 years old. The anatomical position of fracture was divided into 8 cases of lower head type, 27 cases of head and neck...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Zhen-En Lin, Hong Zheng, Xue-Sheng Chen, Zhao-Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To analysis the outcome of modified closure bone setting manipulation for the treatment of femoral neck fracture. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2012, 47 cases of femoral neck fracture were treated and included 25 males and 22 females with an average age of (44.58±10.32) years old ranging from 23 to 61 years old. All patients had a history of trauma, hip pain and movement limited, limb shortening extorsion deformity, X-ray showed fracture between femoral head and femoral neck basic...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Xiang Hu, Bao-Jian Liu, Xiao-Ming Wen, Yong-Hao Zheng, Ke Jia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of internal fixation with closed reduction and hollow compression screws for the treatment of femoral neck fracture in young and middle-aged patients. METHODS: From June 2013 to December 2016, 33 young and middle-aged patients with femoral neck fractures were treated with hollow compression screws fixation including 17 males and 16 females with an average age of 38.5 years old ranged from 19 to 59 years old; 20 cases were on the left side and 13 cases on the right side;the time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 5 days with an average of 3 days...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Todd D Rozen
OBJECTIVE: To present results from the United States Cluster Headache Survey comparing the clinical presentation of tobacco nonexposed and tobacco-exposed cluster headache patients. BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is uniquely tied to a personal history of tobacco usage/cigarette smoking and, if the individual cluster headache sufferer did not smoke, it has been shown that their parent(s) typically did and that individual had significant secondary smoke exposure as a child...
March 14, 2018: Headache
M T Adil, C Konstantinou, D J Porter, S Dolan
Objective: Quad bike or all-terrain vehicle (ATV) related injuries are a significant cause of trauma and may present with severe or fatal injuries. Most of the literature describing ATV related injuries come from North America and Australasia and data from the United Kingdom is scarce despite a high prevalence of ATV use. The aim of this study was to describe our single centre experience with ATV injuries over a 6-year period from 2010 to 2015. Materials and Methods: This is a cohort analysis of 65 patients who presented with ATV related injuries in South West Acute Hospital, UK between 2010 and 2015...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
Klaus Bsl Batista, Badri Thiruvenkatachari, Jayne E Harrison, Kevin D O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Prominent upper front teeth are a common problem affecting about a quarter of 12-year-old children in the UK. The condition develops when permanent teeth erupt. These teeth are more likely to be injured and their appearance can cause significant distress. Children are often referred to an orthodontist for treatment with dental braces to reduce the prominence of their teeth. If a child is referred at a young age, the orthodontist is faced with the dilemma of whether to treat the patient early or to wait and provide treatment in adolescence...
March 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Gary Solomon
My objectives are to review: 1) a brief history of sport-related concussion (SRC) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), 2) the evolution of CTE in American professional football, 3) the data regarding SRC/CTE as they relate to depression and suicide, 4) the data on the neurocognitive effects of subconcussion/repetitive head trauma (with emphases on heading the ball in soccer and early exposure to football), 5) the evidence related to SRC and neurodegenerative diseases, 6) the published studies of CTE, 7) the NINDS neuropathological criteria for CTE, 8) public beliefs about SRC/CTE, and 9) the scientific questions regarding CTE...
March 13, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
Kerem Ozturk, Esra Soylu, Cem Bilgin, Bahattin Hakyemez, Mufit Parlak
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the pathological findings and to analyze clinical predictors of abnormal imaging findings in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with syncope. METHODS: The database was retrospectively reviewed for all patients who underwent cranial computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), having the symptom of syncope. Patients were included only if they were from the emergency department and excluded if were under 18 years of age, had known recent intracranial pathology, known brain tumor, or having a history of trauma...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tsunehiko Konomi, Kota Suda, Satoko Matsumoto, Miki Komatsu, Masahiko Takahata, Norimasa Iwasaki, Akio Minami
Introduction: There are considerable risks for vertebral artery (VA) injury in case of corrective surgery for a severe and rigid cervical kyphotic deformity. This case report describes a rare case of surgical management for pre-existing traumatic rigid cervical kyphosis associated with unilateral VA occlusion. Case presentation: A 73-year-old male fell down and injured his neck. He was referred to our hospital 10 months after injury because his degree of head drop progressed gradually to a chin-on-chest position such that he could not look straight forward...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
Keita Shibahashi, Kazuhiro Sugiyama, Yoshihiro Okura, Hidenori Hoda, Yuichi Hamabe
BACKGROUND: Data on traumatic intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) are currently limited, and therefore, the condition is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology of traumatic IVH and its effects on outcome in patients with blunt head trauma. METHODS: Using a nationwide trauma registry-the Japan Trauma Data Bank, we identified patients who underwent head computed tomography (CT) after blunt head trauma and had intracranial injuries between 2004 and 2015...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Jeffrey L Jarvis, John Gonzales, Danny Johns, Lauren Sager
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Peri-intubation hypoxia is an important adverse event of out-of-hospital rapid sequence intubation. The aim of this project is to determine whether a clinical bundle encompassing positioning, apneic oxygenation, delayed sequence intubation, and goal-directed preoxygenation is associated with decreased peri-intubation hypoxia compared with standard out-of-hospital rapid sequence intubation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, before-after study using data from a suburban emergency medical services (EMS) system in central Texas...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Joseph R Starnes, Purnima Unni, Cherie A Fathy, Kelly A Harms, Shelby R Payne, Dai H Chung
BACKGROUND: Golf cart injuries represent an increasing source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Characterization of the circumstances of these injuries can inform injury prevention efforts. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviews a prospective trauma registry at a level-one pediatric trauma center for golf cart-related injuries in patients under 18years of age admitted to the hospital between 2008 and 2016. RESULTS: The 40 identified crashes were associated with 82 hospital days, 17 ICU days, and more than $1 million in hospital charges over the study period...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shaylan K Govind, Neil H Merritt
BACKGROUND: The objective of our study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury leading to death in our pediatric population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of fatally injured children 0-17 years old treated at our trauma center during 2000-2015. RESULTS: The mortality rate in our population was 8% (n = 103). Fifty-five percent were male. The majority (76%) of fatal injuries were blunt. Overall, motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) were the most common mechanism of injury (61%), followed by assault/abuse (9%)...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Ronald W Gimbel, Ronald G Pirrallo, Steven C Lowe, David W Wright, Lu Zhang, Min-Jae Woo, Paul Fontelo, Fang Liu, Zachary Connor
BACKGROUND: The frequency of head computed tomography (CT) imaging for mild head trauma patients has raised safety and cost concerns. Validated clinical decision rules exist in the published literature and on-line sources to guide medical image ordering but are often not used by emergency department (ED) clinicians. Using simulation, we explored whether the presentation of a clinical decision rule (i.e. Canadian CT Head Rule - CCHR), findings from malpractice cases related to clinicians not ordering CT imaging in mild head trauma cases, and estimated patient out-of-pocket cost might influence clinician brain CT ordering...
March 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Anton A Kasatkin, Aleksandr L Urakov, Anna R Nigmatullina
INTRODUCTION: Central venous cannulation may be difficult in morbidly obese patients. We present a case of successful right internal jugular vein catheterization under real-time ultrasound guidance in an obese patient in a forced semi-sitting position. CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old male patient with body mass of 182 kg (body mass index, 52.2 kg/m2 ) was admitted to the clinic 48 h after the trauma. The patient was in a forced semi-sitting position (37° head elevation)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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